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exosome and angiogenesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170176/exosomes-derived-from-akt-modified-human-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells-improve-cardiac-regeneration-and-promote-angiogenesis-via-activating-platelet-derived-growth-factor-d
#1
Jie Ma, Yuanyuan Zhao, Li Sun, Xiaochun Sun, Xiaosu Zhao, Xiaoxian Sun, Hui Qian, Wenrong Xu, Wei Zhu
We have previously demonstrated the cardioprotective effects of exosomes derived from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). It is well known that the activation of Akt is involved in stem cell-induced cardioprotection. In the present study, we investigated whether exosomes released from Akt-overexpressing MSCs showed a beneficial effect on cardioprotection and angiogenesis. MSCs were collected from human umbilical cord (hucMSCs), and Akt was transfected into hucMSCs (Akt-hucMSCs) by using an adenovirus transfection system...
January 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165027/potential-role-of-corneal-epithelial-cell-derived-exosomes-in-corneal-wound-healing-and-neovascularization
#2
Kyu-Yeon Han, Jennifer A Tran, Jin-Hong Chang, Dimitri T Azar, James D Zieske
Specific factors from the corneal epithelium underlying the stimulation of stromal fibrosis and myofibroblast formation in corneal wound healing have not been fully elucidated. Given that exosomes are known to transfer bioactive molecules among cells and play crucial roles in wound healing, angiogenesis, and cancer, we hypothesized that corneal epithelial cell-derived exosomes may gain access to the underlying stromal fibroblasts upon disruption of the epithelial basement membrane and that they induce signaling events essential for corneal wound healing...
February 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164613/high-concentrations-of-the-angiogenic-peptide-vegf-a-in-seminal-fluid-and-its-association-to-prostasomes
#3
Lena Carlsson, Gunnar Ronquist, Rune Elisasson, Louise Dubois, Karl G Ronquist, Anders Larsson
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis is the formation of new blood vessels by capillary sprouting from pre-existing vessels. This process is associated with increased expression of angiogenic factors like vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The VEGF family consists of five members denoted VEGF-A, B, C, D and placenta growth factor (PlGF). Prostasomes are exosome-like extracellular vesicles existing in seminal plasma. The present study aimed at investigating the possible relationship between VEGF-A in seminal fluid and blood plasma and the prostasomal association of VEGF-A...
August 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163069/adipose-derived-stem-cells-protect-skin-flaps-against-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-interleukin-6-expression
#4
Chi-Ming Pu, Chen-Wei Liu, Chan-Jung Liang, Yu-Hsiu Yen, Shun-Hua Chen, Ya-Fen Jiang-Shieh, Chung-Liang Chien, Ya-Chun Chen, Yuh-Lien Chen
Flap necrosis is the most frequent postoperative complication encountered in reconstructive surgery. We elucidated whether adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) and their derivatives might induce neovascularization and protect skin flaps during ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Flaps were subjected to 3 h of ischemia by ligating long thoracic vessels and then to blood reperfusion. Q-tracker-labeled ADSCs, conditioned media (ADSC-CM), or exosomes (ADSC-Exo) were injected into the flaps. These treatments led to significantly increase flap survival and capillary density compared to I/R on postoperative day 5...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159509/human-pericardial-fluid-contains-exosomes-enriched-with-cardiovascular-expressed-micrornas-and-promotes-therapeutic-angiogenesis
#5
Cristina Beltrami, Marie Besnier, Saran Shantikumar, Andrew I U Shearn, Cha Rajakaruna, Abas Laftah, Fausto Sessa, Gaia Spinetti, Enrico Petretto, Gianni D Angelini, Costanza Emanueli
The pericardial fluid (PF) is contained in the pericardial sac surrounding the heart. MicroRNA (miRNA) exchange via exosomes (endogenous nanoparticles) contributes to cell-to-cell communication. We investigated the hypotheses that the PF is enriched with miRNAs secreted by the heart and that it mediates vascular responses through exosome exchange of miRNAs. The study was developed using leftover material from aortic valve surgery. We found that in comparison with peripheral plasma, the PF contains exosomes enriched with miRNAs co-expressed in patients' myocardium and vasculature...
February 1, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147325/emerging-role-of-exosome-mediated-intercellular-communication-in-vascular-remodeling
#6
Sheng-An Su, Yao Xie, Zurong Fu, Yaping Wang, Jian-An Wang, Meixiang Xiang
Vascular remodeling refers to the alternations of function and structure in vasculature. A complex autocrine/paracrine set of cellular interaction is involved in vascular remodeling. Exosome, a newly identified natural nanocarrier and intercellular messenger, plays a pivotal role in regulating cell-to-cell communication. Exosome emerges as an important mediator in the process of vascular remodeling, showing the most prognostic and therapeutic potent in vascular diseases. Benefiting from exosomal trafficking, the vasculature can not only maintain its function and structure in physiological condition, but also adapt itself in pathological status...
January 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114883/release-of-endothelial-cell-associated-vegfr2-during-tgf-%C3%AE-modulated-angiogenesis-in-vitro
#7
M Jarad, E A Kuczynski, J Morrison, A M Viloria-Petit, B L Coomber
BACKGROUND: Sprouting angiogenesis requires vascular endothelial proliferation, migration and morphogenesis. The process is regulated by soluble factors, principally vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and via bidirectional signaling through the Jagged/Notch system, leading to assignment of tip cell and stalk cell identity. The cytokine transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) can either stimulate or inhibit angiogenesis via its differential surface receptor signaling. Here we evaluate changes in expression of angiogenic signaling receptors when bovine aortic endothelial cells were exposed to TGF-β1 under low serum conditions...
January 23, 2017: BMC Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104913/exosome-derived-micrornas-in-cancer-metabolism-possible-implications-in-cancer-diagnostics-and-therapy
#8
REVIEW
Marco Tomasetti, Wan Lee, Lory Santarelli, Jiri Neuzil
Malignant progression is greatly affected by dynamic cross-talk between stromal and cancer cells. Exosomes are secreted nanovesicles that have key roles in cell-cell communication by transferring nucleic acids and proteins to target cells and tissues. Recently, MicroRNAs (miRs) and their delivery in exosomes have been implicated in physiological and pathological processes. Tumor-delivered miRs, interacting with stromal cells in the tumor microenvironment, modulate tumor progression, angiogenesis, metastasis and immune escape...
January 20, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104773/exosomes-generated-from-ipsc-derivatives-new-direction-for-stem-cell-therapy-in-human-heart-diseases
#9
REVIEW
Ji-Hye Jung, Xuebin Fu, Phillip C Yang
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in modern society. The adult heart innately lacks the capacity to repair and regenerate the damaged myocardium from ischemic injury. Limited understanding of cardiac tissue repair process hampers the development of effective therapeutic solutions to treat CVD such as ischemic cardiomyopathy. In recent years, rapid emergence of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) and iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes presents a valuable opportunity to replenish the functional cells to the heart...
January 20, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079186/extracellular-vesicle-mediated-intercellular-communication-at-the-porcine-maternal-fetal-interface-a-new-paradigm-for-conceptus-endometrial-cross-talk
#10
Mallikarjun Bidarimath, Kasra Khalaj, Rami T Kridli, Frederick W K Kan, Madhuri Koti, Chandrakant Tayade
Exosomes and microvesicles are extracellular vesicles released from cells and can contain lipids, miRNAs and proteins that affect cells at distant sites. Recently, microvesicles containing miRNA have been implicated in uterine microenvironment of pigs, a species with unique epitheliochorial (non-invasive) placentation. Here we report a novel role of conceptus-derived exosomes/microvesicles (hereafter referred to as extracellular vesicles; EVs) in embryo-endometrial cross-talk. We also demonstrate the stimulatory effects of EVs (PTr2-Exo) derived from porcine trophectoderm-cells on various biological processes including the proliferation of maternal endothelial cells (PAOEC), potentially promoting angiogenesis...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077296/extracellular-vesicle-communication-pathways-as-regulatory-targets-of-oncogenic-transformation
#11
REVIEW
Dongsic Choi, Tae Hoon Lee, Cristiana Spinelli, Shilpa Chennakrishnaiah, Esterina D'Asti, Janusz Rak
Pathogenesis of human cancers bridges intracellular oncogenic driver events and their impact on intercellular communication. Among multiple mediators of this 'pathological connectivity' the role of extracellular vesicles (EVs) and their subsets (exosomes, ectosomes, oncosomes) is of particular interest for several reasons. The release of EVs from cancer cells represents a unique mechanism of regulated expulsion of bioactive molecules, a process that also mediates cell-to-cell transfer of lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids...
January 8, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042318/exosomes-derived-from-platelet-rich-plasma-promote-the-re-epithelization-of-chronic-cutaneous-wounds-via-activation-of-yap-in-a-diabetic-rat-model
#12
Shang-Chun Guo, Shi-Cong Tao, Wen-Jing Yin, Xin Qi, Ting Yuan, Chang-Qing Zhang
Chronic wounds have become an economic, social, and public health burden and need advanced treatment. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been used extensively in treatment of chronic wounds because it contains an abundance of growth factors secreted by platelets. The exosomes derived from PRP (PRP-Exos) have been proven to encapsulate principal growth factors from platelets. This study is the first to show that these exosomes may exert the function of PRP. PRP-Exos can effectively induce proliferation and migration of endothelial cells and fibroblasts to improve angiogenesis and re-epithelialization in chronic wounds...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038441/visualization-of-exosome-mediated-mir-210-transfer-from-hypoxic-tumor-cells
#13
Kyung Oh Jung, Hyewon Youn, Chul-Hee Lee, Keon Wook Kang, June-Key Chung
Cancer cells actively release exosomes carrying specific cellular components, such as proteins, mRNA, and miRNA, to communicate with various cells in the tumor microenvironment. We visualized exosome-mediated transfer of miR-210 from hypoxic breast cancer cells to neighboring cells using a miR-210 specific reporter system. By in vitro and in vivo visualization, we found that exosomes with miR-210 were transferred to cells in the tumor microenvironment and that miR-210 was involved in expression of vascular remodeling related genes, such as Ephrin A3 and PTP1B, to promote angiogenesis...
December 27, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994512/exosomes-derived-from-human-endothelial-progenitor-cells-accelerate-cutaneous-wound-healing-by-promoting-angiogenesis-through-erk1-2-signaling
#14
Jieyuan Zhang, Chunyuan Chen, Bin Hu, Xin Niu, Xiaolin Liu, Guowei Zhang, Changqing Zhang, Qing Li, Yang Wang
Chronic skin wounds represent one of the most common and disabling complications of diabetes. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are precursors of endothelial cells and can enhance diabetic wound repair by facilitating neovascularization. Recent studies indicate that the transplanted cells exert therapeutic effects primarily via a paracrine mechanism and exosomes are an important paracrine factor that can be directly used as therapeutic agents for regenerative medicine. However, application of exosomes in diabetic wound repair has been rarely reported...
2016: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976581/phosphatase-popx2-exhibits-dual-regulatory-functions-in-cancer-metastasis
#15
Songjing Zhang, Ting Weng, Elsie Cheruba, Tiannan Guo, Hei Chan, Siu Kwan Sze, Cheng-Gee Koh
Cancer metastasis is a complex mechanism involving multiple processes. Previously, our integrative proteome, transcriptome, and phosphoproteome study reported that the levels of serine/threonine phosphatase POPX2 were positively correlated with cancer cell motility through modulating MAPK signaling. Surprisingly, here we found that POPX2 knockdown cells induced more numerous and larger tumor nodules in lungs in longer term animal studies. Interestingly, our analysis of DNA microarray data from cancer patient samples that are available in public databases shows that low POPX2 expression is linked to distant metastasis and poor survival rate...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966794/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-potential-of-exosomes-in-cancer-the-beginning-of-a-new-tale
#16
REVIEW
Hamed Mirzaei, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Mahmoud Reza Jaafari, Mohammad Goodarzi, Hamid Reza Mirzaei
Exosomes have emerged as one of the main players in intercellular communication. These small nano-sized particles have many roles in various physiological pathways in normal and abnormal cells. Exosomes can carry various cargos such as proteins, mRNAs and miRNAs to recipient cells. Uptake of exosomes and their cargo can induce and/or inhibit different cellular and molecular pathways that lead to the alteration of cell behavior. Multiple lines of evidence have indicated that exosomes released from cancer cells can effect development of cancer in different stages...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912844/heparanase-from-basic-research-to-therapeutic-applications-in-cancer-and-inflammation
#17
Israel Vlodavsky, Preeti Singh, Ilanit Boyango, Lilach Gutter-Kapon, Michael Elkin, Ralph D Sanderson, Neta Ilan
Heparanase, the sole heparan sulfate degrading endoglycosidase, regulates multiple biological activities that enhance tumor growth, angiogenesis and metastasis. Heparanase expression is enhanced in almost all cancers examined including various carcinomas, sarcomas and hematological malignancies. Numerous clinical association studies have consistently demonstrated that upregulation of heparanase expression correlates with increased tumor size, tumor angiogenesis, enhanced metastasis and poor prognosis. In contrast, knockdown of heparanase or treatments of tumor-bearing mice with heparanase-inhibiting compounds, markedly attenuate tumor progression further underscoring the potential of anti-heparanase therapy for multiple types of cancer...
November 2016: Drug Resistance Updates: Reviews and Commentaries in Antimicrobial and Anticancer Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906035/extracellular-vesicles-in-the-pathogenesis-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-osteoarthritis
#18
REVIEW
Joseph Withrow, Cameron Murphy, Yutao Liu, Monte Hunter, Sadanand Fulzele, Mark W Hamrick
Osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are both debilitating diseases that cause significant morbidity in the US population. Extracellular vesicles (EVs), including exosomes and microvesicles, are now recognized to play important roles in cell-to-cell communication by transporting various proteins, microRNAs (miRNAs), and mRNAs. EV-derived proteins and miRNAs impact cell viability and cell differentiation, and are likely to play a prominent role in the pathophysiology of both OA and RA. Some of the processes by which these membrane-bound vesicles can alter joint tissue include extracellular matrix degradation, cell-to-cell communication, modulation of inflammation, angiogenesis, and antigen presentation...
December 1, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876140/retinal-pigment-epithelium-cell-derived-exosomes-possible-relevance-to-cnv-in-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration
#19
Yao Tong, Ya-Li Zhou, Yi-Xiao Wang, Pei-Quan Zhao, Zhao-Yang Wang
Exosomes are small vesicles that are released by almost every cell type and play a crucial role in many physiological and pathological processes associated with different diseases. Specifically, they promote angiogenesis in the pathogenesis of some diseases. According to previous research, the proteins of exosomes taken from the aqueous humor (AH) of patients with wet-age related macular degeneration (AMD) may function as a new diagnostic biomarker of AMD, suggesting that exosomes may play an important role in the occurrence and development of choroidal neovascularization (CNV)...
December 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872050/experimental-systems-and-computational-approaches-to-understanding-the-microrna-mediated-reparative-potential-of-cardiac-progenitor-cell-derived-exosomes-from-pediatric-patients
#20
Udit Agarwal, Alex George, Srishti Bhutani, Shohini Ghosh-Choudhary, Joshua T Maxwell, Milton E Brown, Yash Mehta, Manu O Platt, Yaxuan Liang, Susmita Sahoo, Michael E Davis
RATIONALE: Studies have demonstrated that exosomes can repair cardiac tissue post-myocardial infarction and recapitulate the benefits of cellular therapy. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the role of donor age and hypoxia of human pediatric cardiac progenitor cell (CPC)-derived exosomes in a rat model of ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS AND RESULTS: Human CPCs from the right atrial appendages from children of different ages undergoing cardiac surgery for congenital heart defects were isolated and cultured under hypoxic or normoxic conditions...
February 17, 2017: Circulation Research
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