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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549332/synthesis-and-characterization-of-fullerene-modified-znalti-ldo-in-photo-degradation-of-bisphenol-a-under-simulated-visible-light-irradiation
#1
Liting Ju, Pingxiao Wu, Xiaolin Lai, Shanshan Yang, Beini Gong, Meiqing Chen, Nengwu Zhu
In this study, ZnAlTi layered double hydroxide (ZnAlTi-LDH) combined with fullerene (C60) was fabricated by the urea method, and calcined under vacuum atmosphere to obtain nanocomposites of C60-modified ZnAlTi layered double oxide (ZnAlTi-LDO). The morphology, structure and composition of the nanocomposites were analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy, High-resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction patterns, Fourier transform infrared and specific surface area. The UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra indicated that the incorporation of C60 expanded the absorption of ZnAlTi-LDO to visible-light region...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549328/enhanced-photocatalytic-hydrogen-production-from-aqueous-sulfide-sulfite-solution-by-zno0-6s0-4-with-simultaneous-dye-degradation-under-visible-light-irradiation
#2
Ka Him Chu, Liqun Ye, Wei Wang, Dan Wu, Donald Ka Long Chan, Cuiping Zeng, Ho Yin Yip, Jimmy C Yu, Po Keung Wong
Photocatalytic hydrogen (H2) production was performed by visible-light-driven (VLD) ternary photocatalyst, zinc oxysulfide (ZnO0.6S0.4) in the presence of sulfide/sulfite (S2(2-)/SO3(2-)) sacrificing system, with simultaneous azo-dye Reactive Violet 5 (RV5) degradation. Enhancement in both RV5 degradation and H2 production was achieved, with the promotion of H2 production after decolorization of RV5. The effect of initial concentration of RV5 was found to be influential on the enhancement of H2 during the simultaneous processes, with a maximum of 110% increase of H2 produced...
May 20, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548228/skin-reactions-after-photodynamic-therapy-are-unaffected-by-839%C3%A2-nm-photobiomodulation-therapy-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Christiane Bay, Anne-Cathrine Vissing, Daniel Thaysen-Petersen, Catharina Margrethe Lerche, Katrine Togsverd-Bo, Jakob Heydenreich, Merete Haedersdal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is associated with erythema and edema. Photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy may stimulate the skin recovery process. We investigated the potential of PBM to reduce PDT-induced skin reactions. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Healthy volunteers (n = 20) were randomized to receive left- or right side PBM (near-infrared 839/595 nm) or placebo-PBM (595 nm) on their buttocks. Corresponding test areas were exposed to standardized PDT reactions, using ablative fractional laser-assisted PDT (AFXL-PDT) with methyl-aminolevulinate (MAL) incubated for 30, 90, and 180 minutes before red-light illumination...
May 26, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544947/measuring-cortical-motor-hemodynamics-during-assisted-stepping-an-fnirs-feasibility-study-of-using-a-walker
#4
Andrea Cristina de Lima-Pardini, Guilherme A Zimeo Morais, Joana Bisol Balardin, Daniel Boari Coelho, Nametala Maia Azzi, Luis Augusto Teixeira, João Ricardo Sato
Walkers are commonly prescribed worldwide to individuals unable to walk independently. Walker usage leads to improved postural control and voluntary movement during step. In the present study, we aimed to provide a concept-proof on the feasibility of an event-related protocol integrating the analyses of biomechanical variables of step initiation and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to measure activation of the supplementary motor area (SMA) while using a walker. Healthy young participants were tested while stepping with versus without the use of the walker...
May 17, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544895/vibrational-spectroscopy-of-the-mass-selected-tetrahydrofurfuryl-alcohol-monomers-and-its-dimers-in-gas-phase-using-ir-depletion-and-vuv-single-photon-ionization
#5
Pengchao Wang, Yongjun Hu, Huaqi Zhan, Jiaxin Chen, Shan Jin, Wentao Song, Yujian Li
Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol (THFA, C5H10O2) is a close chemical analog of the sugar rings present in the phosphate-deoxyribose backbone structure of the nucleic acids. In present report, the infrared (IR) spectra of the size-selected THFA monomer and its dimer have been investigated in a pulsed supersonic jet using infrared-vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) ionization. Herein, the laser light at 118nm wavelength served as the source of "soft" ionization in a time-of-flight mass spectrometer. The IR features for the monomers located at 3622cm(-1) can be assigned to the intramolecular hydrogen bonding stretch vibrations mainly referring to A and C conformers...
May 1, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544118/application-of-bottlebrush-block-copolymers-as-photonic-crystals
#6
REVIEW
Allegra L Liberman-Martin, Crystal K Chu, Robert H Grubbs
Brush block copolymers are a class of comb polymers that feature polymeric side chains densely grafted to a linear backbone. These polymers display interesting properties due to their dense functionality, low entanglement, and ability to rapidly self-assemble to highly ordered nanostructures. The ability to prepare brush polymers with precise structures has been enabled by advancements in controlled polymerization techniques. This Feature Article highlights the development of brush block copolymers as photonic crystals that can reflect visible to near-infrared wavelengths of light...
May 22, 2017: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541055/room-temperature-polariton-lasing-in-all-inorganic-perovskite-nanoplatelets
#7
Rui Su, Carole Diederichs, Jun Wang, Timothy C H Liew, Jiaxin Zhao, Sheng Liu, Weigao Xu, Zhanghai Chen, Qihua Xiong
Polariton lasing is the coherent emission arising from a macroscopic polariton condensate first proposed in 1996. Over the past two decades, polariton lasing has been demonstrated in a few inorganic and organic semiconductors in both low and room temperatures. Polariton lasing in inorganic materials significantly relies on sophisticated epitaxial growth of crystalline gain medium layers sandwiched by two distributed Bragg reflectors in which combating the built-in strain and mismatched thermal properties is nontrivial...
May 25, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540324/watt-level-continuous-wave-emission-from-a-bifunctional-quantum-cascade-laser-detector
#8
Benedikt Schwarz, Christine A Wang, Leo Missaggia, Tobias S Mansuripur, Paul Chevalier, Michael K Connors, Daniel McNulty, Jeffrey Cederberg, Gottfried Strasser, Federico Capasso
Bifunctional active regions, capable of light generation and detection at the same wavelength, allow a straightforward realization of the integrated mid-infrared photonics for sensing applications. Here, we present a high performance bifunctional device for 8 μm capable of 1 W single facet continuous wave emission at 15 °C. Apart from the general performance benefits, this enables sensing techniques which rely on continuous wave operation, for example, heterodyne detection, to be realized within a monolithic platform and demonstrates that bifunctional operation can be realized at longer wavelength, where wavelength matching becomes increasingly difficult and that the price to be paid in terms of performance is negligible...
May 17, 2017: ACS Photonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538695/a-new-calibration-method-for-commercial-rgb-d-sensors
#9
Walid Darwish, Shenjun Tang, Wenbin Li, Wu Chen
Commercial RGB-D sensors such as Kinect and Structure Sensors have been widely used in the game industry, where geometric fidelity is not of utmost importance. For applications in which high quality 3D is required, i.e., 3D building models of centimeter‑level accuracy, accurate and reliable calibrations of these sensors are required. This paper presents a new model for calibrating the depth measurements of RGB-D sensors based on the structured light concept. Additionally, a new automatic method is proposed for the calibration of all RGB-D parameters, including internal calibration parameters for all cameras, the baseline between the infrared and RGB cameras, and the depth error model...
May 24, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536362/functionalisation-of-polyvinylpyrrolidone-on-gold-nanoparticles-enhances-its-anti-amyloidogenic-propensity-towards-hen-egg-white-lysozyme
#10
Tulika Das, Vidyalatha Kolli, Srijeeb Karmakar, Nandini Sarkar
Protein amyloids are characterized by aggregates that usually consist of fibres containing misfolded proteins and having a cross β-sheet conformation. These aggregates can eventually lead to several degenerative diseases like Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Huntington's disease and Parkinson's disease. The present study describes the effect of chemically synthesized polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-conjugated gold nanoparticles (PVP-AuNps) on hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) amyloids. The synthesized nanoparticles have been characterized using various biophysical techniques like Ultraviolet-Visible (UV-Vis) Spectroscopy, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, dynamic light scattering (DLS), zeta-potential measurement and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)...
May 3, 2017: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535670/ultrafast-spectroscopy-reveals-electron-transfer-cascade-that-improves-hydrogen-evolution-with-carbon-nitride-photocatalysts
#11
Kathryn L Corp, Cody W Schlenker
Solar hydrogen generation from water represents a compelling component of a future sustainable energy portfolio. Recently, chemically-robust heptazine-based polymers known as graphitic carbon nitrides (g-C3N4) have emerged as promising photocatalysts for hydrogen evolution using visible light while withstanding harsh chemical environments. However, since g-C3N4 electron transfer dynamics are poorly understood, rational design rules for improving activity remain unclear. Here, we use visible and near-infrared femtosecond transient absorption (TA) spectroscopy to reveal an electron transfer cascade that correlates with a near-doubling in photocatalytic activity from 2050 µmol h(-1)g(-1) to 3810 µmol h(-1)g(-1) when we infuse a suspension of bulk g-C3N4 with 10% mass loading of chemically exfoliated carbon nitride...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535412/selective-separation-and-determination-of-glucocorticoids-in-cosmetics-using-dual-template-magnetic-molecularly-imprinted-polymers-and-hplc
#12
Min Liu, Xiaoyan Li, Junjie Li, Zongyuan Wu, Fang Wang, Li Liu, Xuecai Tan, Fuhou Lei
Molecularly imprinting polymers (MIPs) are typically prepared using a single template molecule, which allows selective separation and enrichment of only one target analyte. It is not suitable for determination of complex real samples containing multiple analytes. In order to expand the practical application of imprinted polymers, novel dual-template magnetic molecularly imprinted polymers (MMIPs) were synthesized by surface polymerization using hydrocortisone and dexamethasone as the dual-template molecules in this study...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534893/a-ruthenium-tetrazole-complex-based-high-efficiency-near-infrared-light-electrochemical-cell
#13
Hashem Shahroosvand, Saeid Abaspour, Babak Pashaei, Eros Radicchi, Filippo De Angelis, Francesco Bonaccorso
We report on the exploitation of a new tetrazole-substituted 1,10-phenanthroline and a 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) ancillary ligand modified with an electron-donating group in cationic ruthenium complexes. This complex, placed in between two electrodes without any polymer, demonstrates high efficiency near-infrared (NIR) electroluminescence (EL). The comparison between bpy and its methyl-substituted ancillary ligand shows that the cationic Ru tetrazolate complex containing methyl groups exhibits a red shift in the EL wavelength from 620 to 800 nm compared to [Ru(bpy)3](2+) and an almost twofold reduction in the turn-on voltage, i...
May 23, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534813/synthesis-and-characterization-of-dual-sensitive-fluorescent-nanogels-for-enhancing-drug-delivery-and-tracking-intracellular-drug-delivery
#14
Szu-Yuan Wu, Tilahun Ayane Debele, Yu-Chih Kao, Hsieh-Chih Tsai
Here, dual-sensitive fluorescent branched alginate-polyethyleneimine copolymer (bAPSC) nanogels were synthesized from thiolated alginate and stearoyl-derivatized branched polyethyleneimine. The formation of bAPSC conjugates was confirmed through proton nuclear magnetic resonance and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, whereas dynamic light scattering was used to measure the particle size and ζ potential of the nanogels. The fluorescent properties of the nanogels were confirmed through fluorescent spectroscopy and microscopy...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533987/exoskeleton-may-influence-the-internal-body-temperatures-of-neotropical-dung-beetles-col-scarabaeinae
#15
Valentina Amore, Malva I M Hernández, Luis M Carrascal, Jorge M Lobo
The insect exoskeleton is a multifunctional coat with a continuum of mechanical and structural properties constituting the barrier between electromagnetic waves and the internal body parts. This paper examines the ability of beetle exoskeleton to regulate internal body temperature considering its thermal permeability or isolation to simulated solar irradiance and infrared radiation. Seven Neotropical species of dung beetles (Coleoptera, Scarabaeinae) differing in colour, surface sculptures, size, sexual dimorphism, period of activity, guild category and altitudinal distribution were studied...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533462/thermal-consequences-of-colour-and-near-infrared-reflectance
#16
REVIEW
Devi Stuart-Fox, Elizabeth Newton, Susana Clusella-Trullas
The importance of colour for temperature regulation in animals remains controversial. Colour can affect an animal's temperature because all else being equal, dark surfaces absorb more solar energy than do light surfaces, and that energy is converted into heat. However, in reality, the relationship between colour and thermoregulation is complex and varied because it depends on environmental conditions and the physical properties, behaviour and physiology of the animal. Furthermore, the thermal effects of colour depend as much on absorptance of near-infrared ((NIR), 700-2500 nm) as visible (300-700 nm) wavelengths of direct sunlight; yet the NIR is very rarely considered or measured...
July 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532050/full-in-vitro-analyses-of-new-generation-bulk-fill-dental-composites-cured-by-halogen-light
#17
Tuçe Hazal Tekin, Aysel Kantürk Figen, Pınar Yılmaz Atalı, Bilge Coşkuner Filiz, Mehmet Burçin Pişkin
The objective of this study was to investigate the full in-vitro analyses of new-generation bulk-fill dental composites cured by halogen light (HLG). Two types' four composites were studied: Surefill SDR (SDR) and Xtra Base (XB) as bulk-fill flowable materials; QuixFill (QF) and XtraFill (XF) as packable bulk-fill materials. Samples were prepared for each analysis and test by applying the same procedure, but with different diameters and thicknesses appropriate to the analysis and test requirements. Thermal properties were determined by thermogravimetric analysis (TG/DTG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis; the Vickers microhardness (VHN) was measured after 1, 7, 15 and 30days of storage in water...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531090/fast-multicolor-photodetection-with-graphene-contacted-p-gase-n-inse-van-der-waals-heterostructures
#18
Faguang Yan, Lixia Zhao, Amalia Patane, Ping'an Hu, Xia Wei, Wengang Luo, Dong Zhang, Quanshan Lv, Qi Feng, Chao Shen, Kai Chang, Laurence Eaves, Kaiyou Wang
The integration of different two-dimensional materials within a multilayer van der Waals (vdW) heterostructure offers a promising technology for high performance opto-electronic devices such as photodetectors and light sources. Here we report on the fabrication and electronic properties of vdW heterojunction diodes composed of the direct band gap layered semiconductors InSe and GaSe and transparent monolayer graphene electrodes. We show that the type II band alignment between the two layered materials and their distinctive spectral response, combined with the short channel length and low electrical resistance of graphene electrodes, enable efficient generation and extraction of photoexcited carriers from the heterostructure even when no external voltage is applied...
May 22, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531089/au-nanoparticle-decorated-silicon-pyramids-for-plasmon-enhanced-hot-electron-near-infrared-photodetection
#19
Zhiyang Qi, Yusheng Zhai, Long Wen, Qilong Wang, Qin Chen, Sami Iqbal, Guangdian Chen, Ji Xu, Yan Tu
Heterojunction between metal and silicon (Si) is an attractive route to extend the response of Si-based photodiodes into the near-infrared (NIR) region, so-called Schottky barrier diodes. Photons absorbed into a metallic nanostructure excite the surface plasmon resonances (SPRs), which can be damped non-radiatively through the creation of hot electrons. Unfortunately, quantum efficiency of hot electron detectors remains low due to low optical absorption and poor electron injection efficiency. In this study, we propose an efficient and low-cost plasmonic hot electron NIR photodetector based on Au nanoparticle (Au NP)-decorated Si pyramid Schottky junction...
May 22, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530792/phosphonated-pillar-5-arene-valved-mesoporous-silica-drug-deliv-ery-systems
#20
Xuan Huang, Shanshan Wu, Xiaokang Ke, Xueyuan Li, Xuezhong Du
To explore the diversity and promising applications of pillararene-based molecular machines, phosphonated pillar[5]arenes (PPA[5]) were synthesized to construct novel supramolecular nanovalves for the first time, based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) functionalized with choline and pyridinium moieties, respectively. PPA[5] encircled the choline or pyridinium stalks to construct supramolecular nanovalves for encapsulation of drugs within the MSN pores. PPA[5] showed a high binding affinity for the quaternary ammonium stalks through the host-guest interactions primarily via ion pairing between the phosphonate and quaternary ammonium moieties, in comparison to carboxylated pillar[5]arene (CPA[5]), to minimize premature drug release...
May 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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