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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741866/a-review-of-available-laser-and-intense-light-source-home-devices-a-dermatologist-s-perspective
#1
REVIEW
Margit Lw Juhász, Melissa K Levin, Ellen S Marmur
BACKGROUND: Home optical devices are becoming an increasingly popular treatment modality sought out by patients for dermatologic pathologies such as acne, hair removal and anti-aging, as these devices are a low-cost and convenient therapy choice. METHODS: An Internet search using PubMed.gov was completed with search terms, "home device dermatology," "home device acne," "home device hair" or "hair removal," and "home device aging." RESULTS: Currently, there are multiple home optical devices available on the market...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741634/mitochondria-targeting-near-infrared-light-triggered-thermosensitive-liposomes-for-localized-photothermal-and-photodynamic-ablation-of-tumors-combined-with-chemotherapy
#2
Caixia Yue, Yuming Yang, Jie Song, Gabriel Alfranca, Chunlei Zhang, Qian Zhang, Ting Yin, Fei Pan, Jesús M de la Fuente, Daxiang Cui
Lonidamine, an anticancer drug that acts on mitochondria, has poor water solubility. Mitochondria are the primary source of cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are necessary for photodynamic therapy. Hence, a mitochondria-targeting drug delivery system loaded with Lonidamine and a ROS-produced photosensitizer could improve the bioavailability of Lonidamine and maximize photodynamic therapeutic efficiency. Here we report, for the first time, new IR-780 and Lonidamine encapsulated mitochondria-targeting thermosensitive liposomes (IL-TTSL)...
July 25, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741598/plasmonic-enhancement-of-cyanine-dyes-for-near-infrared-light-triggered-photodynamic-photothermal-therapy-and-fluorescent-imaging
#3
Mindan Lu, Ning Kang, Chuan Chen, Liuqing Yang, Yang Li, Minghui Hong, Xiangang Luo, Lei Ren, Xiumin Wang
Near infrared (NIR) triggered cyanine dyes have attracted considerable attentions in multi-modal tumor theranostics. However, near infrared (NIR) cyanine dyes used in tumor treatment often suffer from low fluorescence intensity and weak singlet oxygen generation efficiency, resulting in inadequate diagnostic and therapy efficacies for tumors. It is still a great challenge to improve both the photodynamic therapy (PDT) and fluorescent imaging (FLI) efficacy of cyanine dyes in tumor applications. Herein, a novel multifunctional nanoagent of AuNRs@SiO2-IR795 was developed to realize the integrated photothermal/photodynamic therapy (PTT/PDT) and FLI at a very low dosage of IR795 (0...
July 25, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741043/comparison-of-near-infrared-imaging-camera-systems-for-intracranial-tumor-detection
#4
Steve S Cho, Ryan Zeh, John T Pierce, Ryan Salinas, Sunil Singhal, John Y K Lee
PURPOSE: Distinguishing neoplasm from normal brain parenchyma intraoperatively is critical for the neurosurgeon. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) has been shown to improve gross total resection and progression-free survival but has limited availability in the USA. Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence has advantages over visible light fluorescence with greater tissue penetration and reduced background fluorescence. In order to prepare for the increasing number of NIR fluorophores that may be used in molecular imaging trials, we chose to compare a state-of-the-art, neurosurgical microscope (System 1) to one of the commercially available NIR visualization platforms (System 2)...
July 24, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737894/dual-role-of-gold-nanorods-inhibition-dissolution-of-a%C3%AE-fibrils-induced-by-near-ir-laser
#5
Swathi Sudhakar, Poornima Budime Santhosh, Ethayaraja Mani
Extracellular plaques of amyloid beta (Aβ) fibrils and neurofibrillary tangles are known to be associated with neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's. Studies have shown that spherical nanoparticles inhibit the formation of Aβ fibrils by intercepting the nucleation and growth pathways of fibrillation. In this report, gold nanorods (AuNR) are used to inhibit the formation of Aβ fibrils and the shape-dependent plasmonic properties of AuNR are exploited to faciliate faster dissolution of mature Aβ fibrils...
July 24, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737689/highly-efficient-near-infrared-photothermal-conversion-properties-of-reduced-tungsten-oxide-polyurethane-nanocomposites
#6
Tolesa Fita Chala, Chang-Mou Wu, Min-Hui Chou, Molla Bahiru Gebeyehu, Kuo-Bing Cheng
In this work, novel WO3-x/polyurethane (PU) nanocomposites were prepared by ball milling followed by stirring using a planetary mixer/de-aerator. The effects of phase transformation (WO₃ → WO2.8 → WO2.72) and different weight fractions of tungsten oxide on the optical performance, photothermal conversion, and thermal properties of the prepared nanocomposites were examined. It was found that the nanocomposites exhibited strong photoabsorption in the entire near-infrared (NIR) region of 780-2500 nm and excellent photothermal conversion properties...
July 22, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737382/solid-state-plasmonic-solar-cells
#7
Kosei Ueno, Tomoya Oshikiri, Quan Sun, Xu Shi, Hiroaki Misawa
Metallic nanoparticles such as silver and gold show localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPRs), which are associated with near-field enhancement effects in the vicinity of nanoparticles. Therefore, strong light-matter interaction is induced by the near-field enhancement effects of LSPRs. Because the resonant wavelength of LSPRs can be easily controlled by the size and shape of the metallic nanoparticles in the visible and near-infrared wavelength range, LSPRs have received considerable attention as optical antennae for light energy conversion systems such as solar cells...
July 24, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737290/integration-of-ir-808-sensitized-upconversion-nanostructure-and-mos2-nanosheet-for-808-nm-nir-light-triggered-phototherapy-and-bioimaging
#8
Jiating Xu, Arif Gulzar, Yuhui Liu, Huiting Bi, Shili Gai, Bin Liu, Dan Yang, Fei He, Piaoping Yang
Near infrared (NIR) light triggered phototherapy including photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) affords superior outcome in cancer treatment. However, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by NIR-excited upconversion nanostructure is limited by the feeble upconverted light which cannot activate PDT agents efficiently. Here, an IR-808 dye sensitized upconversion nanoparticle (UCNP) with a chlorin e6 (Ce6)-functionalized silica layer is developed for PDT agent. The two booster effectors (dye-sensitization and core-shell enhancement) synergistically amplify the upconversion efficiency, therefore achieving superbright visible emission under low 808 nm light excitation...
July 24, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736379/-preparation-of-nanoparticles-for-sustained-insulin-release-using-poly-ethylene-glycol-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-poly-n-n-diethylamino-2-ethylmethaerylate
#9
Lei Wu, Wen-Ting Zhu, Jun Wang, Jie Liu, Qing-Bing Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To prepare an insulin-loaded nanoparticle assembled using pH-sensitive poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ε-caprolactone)-poly(N,N-diethylamino-2-ethylmethaerylate) (mPEG-PCL-PDEAEMA) and investigate its performance of sustained insulin release in vitro and its hypoglycemic effects in diabetic rats. METHDOS: mPEG-PCL-PDEAEMA triblock copolymers with different hydrophobic lengths were synthesized by ring opening polymerization (ROP) combined with atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP)...
July 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735174/tetherless-near-infrared-control-of-brain-activity-in-behaving-animals-using-fully-implantable-upconversion-microdevices
#10
Ying Wang, Xudong Lin, Xi Chen, Xian Chen, Zhen Xu, Wenchong Zhang, Qinghai Liao, Xin Duan, Xin Wang, Ming Liu, Feng Wang, Jufang He, Peng Shi
Many nanomaterials can be used as sensors or transducers in biomedical research and they form the essential components of transformative novel biotechnologies. In this study, we present an all-optical method for tetherless remote control of neural activity using fully implantable micro-devices based on upconversion technology. Upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) were used as transducers to convert near-infrared (NIR) energy to visible light in order to stimulate neurons expressing different opsin proteins. In our setup, UCNPs were packaged in a glass micro-optrode to form an implantable device with superb long-term biocompatibility...
July 12, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733050/the-optical-imaging-of-an-idiopathic-paracentral-acute-middle-maculopathy-chinese-young-man-and-review-of-the-literatures
#11
REVIEW
Yanyan Chen, Yuedong Hu
We report a case of idiopathic paracentral acute middle maculopathy with typical optical imaging and clinical features. A 26-year-old Chinese policeman presented with a 20-day history of paracentral scotoma in the left eye after early wake-up and long-time working in front of computer the day before. He experienced sudden-onset strong flash in his left eye. Paracentral scotoma appeared in his left eye after 6hours of rest. The general history was negative. His best-corrected visual acuity was 20/20 OU. Anterior segment, dilated fundus examination, papillary evaluation and intraocular pressure were normal...
July 18, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732316/a-user-friendly-technical-set-up-for-infrared-photography-of-forensic-findings
#12
Thomas Rost, Nicole Kalberer, Eva Scheurer
Infrared photography is interesting for a use in forensic science and forensic medicine since it reveals findings that normally are almost invisible to the human eye. Originally, infrared photography has been made possible by the placement of an infrared light transmission filter screwed in front of the camera objective lens. However, this set-up is associated with many drawbacks such as the loss of the autofocus function, the need of an external infrared source, and long exposure times which make the use of a tripod necessary...
July 10, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732285/infrared-dispersion-analysis-and-raman-scattering-spectra-of-taurine-single-crystals
#13
Roberto L Moreira, Ricardo P S M Lobo, Anderson Dias
A comprehensive set of optical vibrational modes of monoclinic taurine crystals was determined by Raman scattering, and infrared reflectivity and transmission spectroscopies. By using appropriate scattering/reflection geometries, the vibrational modes were resolved by polarization and the most relevant modes of the crystal could be assigned. In particular, we were able to review the symmetry of the gerade modes and to resolve ambiguities in the literature. Owing to the non-orthogonal character of Bu modes in monoclinic crystals (lying on the optic axial plane), we carried out a generalized Lorentz dispersion analysis consisting of simultaneous adjust of infrared-reflectivity spectra at various light polarization angles...
July 14, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732161/an-elegant-ph-responsive-nanovehicle-for-drug-delivery-based-on-triazine-dendrimer-modified-magnetic-nanoparticles
#14
Amir Landarani-Isfahani, Majid Moghadam, Shima Mohammadi, Maryam Royvaran, Naimeh Moshtael-Arani, Saghar Rezaei, Shahram Tangestaninejad, Valiollah Mirkhani, Iraj Mohammadpoor-Baltork
Owing to properties of magnetic nanoparticles and elegant three-dimensional macromolecule architectural features, dendrimeric structures have been investigated as nanoscale drug delivery systems. In this paper, a novel magnetic nanocarrier, generation two (G2) triazine dendrimer modified Fe3O4@SiO2 magnetic nanoparticles (MNP-G2), was designed, fabricated and characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS)...
July 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732157/large-scale-statistics-for-threshold-optimization-of-optically-pumped-nanowire-lasers
#15
Juan Arturo Alanis, Dhruv Saxena, Sudha Mokkapati, Nian Jiang, Kun Peng, Xiaoyan Tang, Lan Fu, Hark Hoe Tan, Chennupati Jagadish, Patrick Parkinson
Single nanowire lasers based on bottom-up III-V materials have been shown to exhibit room-temperature near-infrared lasing, making them highly promising for use as nanoscale, silicon-integrable, and coherent light sources. While lasing behavior is reproducible, small variations in growth conditions across a substrate arising from the use of bottom-up growth techniques can introduce interwire disorder, either through geometric or material inhomogeneity. Nanolasers critically depend on both high material quality and tight dimensional tolerances, and as such, lasing threshold is both sensitive to and a sensitive probe of such inhomogeneity...
July 25, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729400/vessel-targeted-chemophototherapy-with-cationic-porphyrin-phospholipid-liposomes
#16
Dandan Luo, Jumin Geng, Nasi Li, Kevin A Carter, Shuai Shao, G Ekin Atilla-Gokcumen, Jonathan F Lovell
Cationic liposomes have been used for targeted drug delivery to tumor blood vessels, via mechanisms that are not fully elucidated. Doxorubicin (Dox)-loaded liposomes were prepared that incorporate a cationic lipid; 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP), along with a small amount of porphyrin-phospholipid (PoP). Near infrared (NIR) light induced release of entrapped Dox via PoP-mediated DOTAP photo-oxidation. The formulation was optimized to enable extremely rapid NIR light-triggered Dox release (i...
July 20, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728030/enhanced-visible-light-photocatalytic-hydrogen-evolution-over-porphyrin-hybridized-graphitic-carbon-nitride
#17
Shunkang Mei, Jianping Gao, Ye Zhang, Jiangbing Yang, Yongli Wu, Xiaoxue Wang, Ruiru Zhao, Xiangang Zhai, Chaoyue Hao, Ruixia Li, Jing Yan
Tetra (4-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin (TCPP) was loaded on the surface of Pt/g-C3N4 via a simple adsorption process, and the microstructure and chemical structure of the composites were characterized by high resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, UV-visible diffused reflectance spectroscopy and photoluminescence spectroscopy. Loading TCPP onto Pt/g-C3N4 enhanced the visible-light-driven photocatalytic evolution of H2 from water...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727458/unraveling-the-high-voc-and-high-performance-of-integrated-perovskite-organic-bulk-heterojunction-solar-cells
#18
Shiqi Dong, Yongsheng Liu, Ziruo Hong, En-Ping Yao, Pengyu Sun, Lei Meng, Yuze Lin, Jinsong Huang, Gang Li, Yang Yang
We have demonstrated high performance integrated perovskite/bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells due to the low carrier recombination velocity, high open circuit voltage (Voc) and increased light absorption ability in near-infrared (NIR) region of integrated devices. In particular, we find that the Voc of the integrated devices is dominated by (or pinned to) the perovskite cells, not the OPV cells. A Quasi-Fermi Level Pinning Model was proposed to understand the working mechanism and the origin of the Voc of the integrated perovskite/BHJ solar cell, which following that of the perovskite solar cell and is much higher than that of the low bandgap polymer based organic BHJ solar cell...
July 20, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726726/leds-sources-and-intrinsically-bandwidth-limited-detectors
#19
Roberto Filippo, Emanuele Taralli, Mauro Rajteri
The increasing demand for light emitting diodes (LEDs) is driven by a number of application categories, including display backlighting, communications, signage, and general illumination. Nowadays, they have also become attractive candidates as new photometric standards. In recent years, LEDs have started to be applied as wavelength-selective photo-detectors as well. Nevertheless, manufacturers' datasheets are limited about LEDs used as sources in terms of degradation with operating time (aging) or shifting of the emission spectrum as a function of the forward current...
July 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726724/theoretical-studies-on-two-photon-fluorescent-hg-2-probes-based-on-the-coumarin-rhodamine-system
#20
Yujin Zhang, Jiancai Leng
The development of fluorescent sensors for Hg(2+) has attracted much attention due to the well-known adverse effects of mercury on biological health. In the present work, the optical properties of two newly-synthesized Hg(2+) chemosensors based on the coumarin-rhodamine system (named Pro1 and Pro2) were systematically investigated using time-dependent density functional theory. It is shown that Pro1 and Pro2 are effective ratiometric fluorescent Hg(2+) probes, which recognize Hg(2+) by Förster resonance energy transfer and through bond energy transfer mechanisms, respectively...
July 20, 2017: Sensors
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