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Mother Child Relationship

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428575/emotional-relationships-between-child-patients-and-their-mothers-during-dental-treatments
#1
(no author information available yet)
But did the 'uncooperative child' demonstrate higher sympathetic nervous activity because they were bound in the restraining device?
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427038/urinary-triclosan-concentrations-during-pregnancy-and-birth-outcomes
#2
Taylor M Etzel, Antonia M Calafat, Xiaoyun Ye, Aimin Chen, Bruce P Lanphear, David A Savitz, Kimberly Yolton, Joseph M Braun
BACKGROUND: Triclosan is an antimicrobial chemical used in consumer products, and exposure is ubiquitous among pregnant women in the United States. Triclosan may reduce the levels of thyroid hormones that are important for fetal growth and development. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the relationship of prenatal triclosan exposure with birth anthropometry and gestational duration. METHODS: We used data from 378 mother-child pairs participating in the Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment (HOME) Study, a prospective pregnancy and birth cohort from Cincinnati, OH...
April 17, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421425/the-role-of-alaska-s-tribal-health-workers-in-supporting-families
#3
Miriam Chernoff, Katie Cueva
Alaska's Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps) are often the sole medical workers in their communities in rural Alaska, and are instrumental in providing healthcare services and education to otherwise underserved individuals. This qualitative study explored how CHA/Ps support healthy families. Six CHA/Ps from two rural communities in western Alaska were interviewed about their scope of practice, interactions with mothers, infants, families, and teens, relationship to other medical providers, and perceptions of their work...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419444/a-self-determination-theory-perspective-on-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-and-early-parenting-behaviors
#4
Katrijn Brenning, Bart Soenens
OBJECTIVE: On the basis of self-determination theory, this study investigates longitudinal associations between satisfaction and frustration mothers' basic psychological needs (i.e., autonomy, relatedness, competence) and mothers' postnatal depressive symptoms and early parenting behaviors. METHOD: Participants were 214 women assessed during their pregnancy (Time 1), 4 months after delivery (Time 2), and when the child was 2 years old (Time 3). RESULTS: Results demonstrate effects of prenatal basic psychological needs (needs frustration more specifically) on postnatal depressive symptoms...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418480/association-between-serotonergic-antidepressant-use-during-pregnancy-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children
#5
Hilary K Brown, Joel G Ray, Andrew S Wilton, Yona Lunsky, Tara Gomes, Simone N Vigod
Importance: Previous observations of a higher risk of child autism spectrum disorder with serotonergic antidepressant exposure during pregnancy may have been confounded. Objective: To evaluate the association between serotonergic antidepressant exposure during pregnancy and child autism spectrum disorder. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study. Health administrative data sets were used to study children born to mothers who were receiving public prescription drug coverage during pregnancy in Ontario, Canada, from 2002-2010, reflecting 4...
April 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414738/barriers-and-facilitators-for-men-to-attend-prenatal-care-and-obtain-hiv-voluntary-counseling-and-testing-in-brazil
#6
Nava Yeganeh, Mariana Simon, Deborah Mindry, Karin Nielsen-Saines, Maria Cristina Chaves, Breno Santos, Marineide Melo, Brenna Mendoza, Pamina Gorbach
BACKGROUND: Providing HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) to men who attend their partner's prenatal care is an intervention with potential to reduce HIV transmission to women and infants during the vulnerable period of pregnancy. Little is known about the acceptability of this intervention in global settings outside of Africa. METHODS: We conducted in-depth qualitative interviews to evaluate potential barriers and facilitators to prenatal care attendance for HIV VCT with 20 men who did and 15 men who did not attend prenatal care with their partners at Hospital Conceiçao in Porto Alegre, Brazil...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414546/behavioral-parent-training-in-infancy-what-about-the-parent-infant-relationship
#7
Angela M Blizzard, Nicole E Barroso, Francisco G Ramos, Paulo A Graziano, Daniel M Bagner
Behavioral parent training (BPT) and attachment interventions have demonstrated efficacy in improving outcomes for young children. Despite theoretical overlap in these approaches, the literature has evolved separately, particularly with respect to outcome measurement in BPT. We examined the impact of the Infant Behavior Program (IBP), a brief home-based adaptation of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy, on changes in attachment-based caregiving behaviors (sensitivity, warmth, and intrusiveness) at postintervention and 3- and 6-month follow-ups during a videotaped infant-led play...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414019/parental-depressive-history-parenting-styles-and-child-psychopathology-over-6-years-the-contribution-of-each-parent-s-depressive-history-to-the-other-s-parenting-styles
#8
Daniel C Kopala-Sibley, Caitlin Jelinek, Ellen M Kessel, Allison Frost, Anna E S Allmann, Daniel N Klein
The link between parental depressive history and parenting styles is well established, as is the association of parenting with child psychopathology. However, little research has examined whether a depressive history in one parent predicts the parenting style of the other parent. As well, relatively little research has tested transactional models of the parenting-child psychopathology relationship in the context of parents' depressive histories. In this study, mothers and fathers of 392 children were assessed for a lifetime history of major depression when their children were 3 years old...
April 17, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412477/impact-of-major-life-events-on-breast-cancer-specific-mortality-a-case-fatality-study-on-8000-breast-cancer-patients
#9
Sanna Heikkinen, Joonas Miettinen, Eero Pukkala, Markku Koskenvuo, Nea Malila, Janne Pitkäniemi
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that long-term activation of the body's stress-response system and subsequent overexposure to stress hormones may be associated with increased morbidity. However, evidence on the impact of major life events on mortality from breast cancer (BC) remains inconclusive. The main aim of this study is to investigate whether major negatively or positively experienced life events before or after diagnosis have an effect on BC-specific mortality in women who have survived with BC for at least 2 years...
April 13, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411411/maternal-hypothyroxinaemia-in-early-pregnancy-and-problem-behavior-in-5-year-old-offspring
#10
Maurits H W Oostenbroek, Remco H J Kersten, Benjamin Tros, Anton E Kunst, Tanja G M Vrijkotte, Martijn J J Finken
INTRODUCTION: There is evidence, though not consistent, that offspring born to mothers with subtle decreases in thyroid function early in their pregnancies may be at risk of cognitive impairments and attention problems. However, other types of problem behavior have not been addressed thus far. We tested whether maternal thyroid function in early pregnancy is associated with several types of problem behavior in offspring at age 5-6 years. METHODS: This was a longitudinal study that included the data of 2000 mother-child pairs from the Amsterdam Born Children and their Development study...
March 25, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404474/does-having-a-difficult-child-lead-to-poor-maternal-mental-health
#11
Ann M Kingsbury, Alexandra Clavarino, Abdullah Mamun, Nargess Saiepour, J M Najman
OBJECTIVES: Considerable evidence suggests maternal psychopathology influences that of their offspring. The probability of a reverse causal pathway has been only rarely considered but is a concern, given around 10% of children manifest mental impairment during their early years. This study determines the extent to which child behavior problems at ages 5 and 14 years are associated with mothers' mental health at 21 years post birth. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study...
February 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403466/the-role-of-maternal-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-race-in-intergenerational-high-risk-smoking-behaviors
#12
Veronica A Pear, Lucia C Petito, Barbara Abrams
Introduction: A history of adversity in childhood is associated with cigarette smoking in adulthood, but there is less evidence for prenatal and next-generation offspring smoking. We investigated the association between maternal history of childhood adversity, pregnancy smoking, and early initiation of smoking in offspring, overall and by maternal race/ethnicity. Methods: Data on maternal childhood exposure to physical abuse, household alcohol abuse, and household mental illness, prenatal smoking behaviors, and offspring age of smoking initiation were analyzed from the US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79, n = 2999 mothers) and the NLSY79 Children and Young Adults Survey (NLSYCYA, n = 6596 children)...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401924/the-human-coparental-bond-implicates-distinct-corticostriatal-pathways-longitudinal-impact-on-family-formation-and-child-well-being
#13
Eyal Abraham, Gadi Gilam, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Yael Jacob, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Talma Hendler, Ruth Feldman
Alloparental care, the cooperative care of offspring by group members other than the biological mother, has been widely practiced since early hominin evolution to increase infant survival and thriving. The coparental bond-a relationship of solidarity and commitment between two adults who join their effort to care for children- is a central contributor to children's well-being and sociality; yet, the neural basis of coparenting has not been studied in humans. Here, we followed 84 first-time co-parents (42 couples) across the first six years of family formation, including opposite-sex and same-sex couples, measured brain response to coparental stimuli, observed collaborative and undermining coparental behaviors in infancy and preschool, assayed oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP), and measured coparenting and child behavior problems at six years...
April 12, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401848/attachment-security-mediates-the-longitudinal-association-between-child-parent-psychotherapy-and-peer-relations-for-toddlers-of-depressed-mothers
#14
Danielle J Guild, Sheree L Toth, Elizabeth D Handley, Fred A Rogosch, Dante Cicchetti
Numerous investigations have demonstrated that child-parent psychotherapy (CPP) promotes secure attachment between mothers and offspring. However, the role of postintervention attachment security as it relates to long-term child outcomes has never been evaluated. The present study therefore examined postintervention attachment status as a mediator of the association between CPP for depressed mothers and their offspring and subsequent peer relations among offspring. Depressed mothers and their toddlers were randomized to receive CPP (n = 45) or to a control group (n = 55)...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401834/a-process-model-of-the-implications-of-spillover-from-coparenting-conflicts-into-the-parent-child-attachment-relationship-in-adolescence
#15
Meredith J Martin, Melissa L Sturge-Apple, Patrick T Davies, Christine V Romero, Abigail Buckholz
Drawing on a two-wave, multimethod, multi-informant design, this study provides the first test of a process model of spillover specifying why and how disruptions in the coparenting relationship influence the parent-adolescent attachment relationship. One hundred ninety-four families with an adolescent aged 12-14 (M age = 12.4) were followed for 1 year. Mothers and adolescents participated in two experimental tasks designed to elicit behavioral expressions of parent and adolescent functioning within the attachment relationship...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399825/maternal-weight-status-and-responsiveness-to-preterm-infant-behavioral-cues-during-feeding
#16
Evanthia A Arianas, Kristin M Rankin, Kathleen F Norr, Rosemary C White-Traut
BACKGROUND: Parental obesity is highly predictive of child obesity, and preterm infants are at greater risk of obesity, but little is known about obese and non-obese mothers' responsiveness to preterm infant cues during feeding. The relationship between maternal weight status and response to preterm infant behavioral cues during feeding at 6-weeks corrected age was examined. METHODS: This secondary analysis used data from a randomized clinical trial. Maternal weight was coded during a play session...
April 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399356/understanding-the-influence-of-socioeconomic-environment-on-paediatric-anti-retroviral-treatment-coverage-towards-closing-treatment-gaps-in-sub-saharan-africa
#17
Daniel A Adeyinka, Meirion R Evans, Chamberline E Ozigbu, Hugo van Woerden, Esther F Adeyinka, Olanrewaju Oladimeji, Chris Aimakhu, Deborah Odoh, Dick Chamla
OBJECTIVE: Many sub-Saharan African countries have massively scaled-up their antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes, but many national programmes still show large gaps in paediatric ART coverage making it challenging to reduce AIDS-related deaths among HIV-infected children. We sought to identify enablers of paediatric ART coverage in Africa by examining the relationship between paediatric ART coverage and socioeconomic parameters measured at the population level so as to accelerate reaching the 90-90-90 targets...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397395/the-role-of-formal-support-in-the-lives-of-children-of-mothers-with-intellectual-disability
#18
Susan Collings, Rebekah Grace, Gwynnyth Llewellyn
BACKGROUND: Mothers with intellectual disability face socioeconomic disadvantage and social isolation, which is associated with poorer child outcomes. Social services feature prominently in the lives of mothers with intellectual disability especially those without informal support; however, the role of formal support in the lives of their children has not been explored. METHODS: Seven children aged 7-11 years took part in semi-structured interviews to explore their social experiences...
May 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395894/burden-of-separation-and-suicide-risk-of-prisoners-with-minor-children
#19
Sinja Krüger, Stefan Priebe, Rosemarie Fritsch, Adrian P Mundt
The present study aimed to explore the burden of separation from children and its relationship with suicide risk in prisoners with minor children at the moment of admission into the penal justice system. Suicide risk was assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview in newly admitted female (n=198) and male (n=229) prisoners in Santiago de Chile. The burden of separation from minor children was rated on a numeric rating scale. Both genders showed high burden of separation from children at imprisonment...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395529/mother-child-interactions-in-young-children-with-excessive-physical-aggression-and-in-typically-developing-young-children
#20
Nadine Urbain-Gauthier, Jaqueline Wendland
BACKGROUND: Among the multiple risk factors, the emergence of conduct problems in young children may be linked to harsh parenting and child's temperamental difficulties, leading to a reciprocal early discordant relationship. Little is known about the characteristics of early parent-child interactions in young children with physical aggression. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the characteristics of mother-child interactions in dyads referred for excessive physical aggression in young children under 5 years of age compared to mother-child interactions in typically developing young children...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
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