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Mother Child Relationship

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317119/mind-the-baby-the-role-of-the-nanny-in-infant-observation
#1
Jessica Yakeley
The influence of nannies and other significant caregivers on a child's psychological and emotional development may be profound and if unrecognized may contribute to psychopathology in adulthood. However, the significance of the nanny has been relatively neglected within the psychoanalytic literature. In this paper I will discuss the impact of early caregivers other than the biological mother on the psychic development of the child, and the role of the nanny within the family dynamics as a figure attracting powerful unconscious phantasies and unwanted projections...
March 19, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303701/breastfeeding-knowledge-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-of-infants-in-first-six-months-of-life
#2
Monika A Zielińska, Aneta Sobczak, Jadwiga Hamułka
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding is the gold standard in infant nutrition. The maternal decision to breastfeed is affected by various factors, including breastfeeding knowledge. Objective: The purpose of this study was the assessment of the breastfeeding knowledge in selected group of mothers of infants under 7 months and its relationship to the exclusivity of breastfeeding. Material and methods: The study was carried out using the CAWI method from Dec 2014 till Feb 2015 among 446 mothers (aged 18-42) of infants under 7 months...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296802/the-effects-of-hiv-on-fertility-by-infection-duration-evidence-from-african-population-cohorts-before-antiretroviral-treatment-availability
#3
Milly Marston, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Sylvia Kusemererwa, Mark Urassa, Denna Michael, Constance Nyamukapa, Simon Gregson, Basia Zaba, Jeffrey W Eaton
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the relationship between HIV natural history and fertility by duration of infection in east and southern Africa before the availability of antiretroviral therapy and assess potential biases in estimates of age-specific subfertility when using retrospective birth histories in cross-sectional studies. DESIGN: Pooled analysis of prospective population-based HIV cohort studies in Masaka (Uganda), Kisesa (Tanzania) and Manicaland (Zimbabwe). METHODS: Women aged 15-49 years who had ever tested for HIV were included...
April 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296242/observed-parent-child-feeding-dynamics-in-relation-to-child-body-mass-index-and-adiposity
#4
C M Johnson, M S Henderson, G Tripicchio, P Rozin, M Heo, A Pietrobelli, R I Berkowitz, K L Keller, M S Faith
BACKGROUND: Restrictive feeding is associated with child overweight; however, the majority of studies used parent-report questionnaires. OBJECTIVES: The relationship between child adiposity measures and directly observed parent and child behaviours were tested using a novel behavioural coding system (BCS). METHODS: Data from 109 children, participants in a twin study and their mothers, were analyzed. Parent-child dyads were video-recorded twice in the laboratory, while children ate ad libitum from a buffet lunch...
March 10, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296240/hiv-positive-malawian-women-with-young-children-prefer-overweight-body-sizes-and-link-underweight-body-size-with-inability-to-exclusively-breastfeed
#5
Samantha E Croffut, Gloria Hamela, Innocent Mofolo, Suzanne Maman, Mina C Hosseinipour, Irving F Hoffman, Margaret E Bentley, Valerie L Flax
Before the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) program was widely implemented in Malawi, HIV-positive women associated exclusive breastfeeding with accelerated disease progression and felt that an HIV-positive woman could more successfully breastfeed if she had a larger body size. The relationship between breastfeeding practices and body image perceptions has not been explored in the context of the Option B+ PMTCT program, which offers lifelong antiretroviral therapy. We conducted in-depth interviews with 64 HIV-positive women in Lilongwe District, Malawi to investigate body size perceptions, how perceptions of HIV and body size influence infant feeding practices, and differences in perceptions among women in PMTCT and those lost to follow-up...
March 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293916/salivary-iron-fe-ion-levels-serum-markers-of-anemia-and-caries-activity-in-pregnant-women
#6
Elisa Miranda Costa, Juliana Aires Paiva de Azevedo, Rafiza Félix Marão Martins, Vandilson Pereira Rodrigues, Cláudia Maria Coêlho Alves, Cecília Cláudia Costa Ribeiro, Erika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz
Introduction Anemia is a very frequent event among pregnant women. There are evidences of differences in the incidence of dental caries between pregnant and non-pregnant women, but the relationship between salivary iron (Fe) and serum markers of anemia and caries development has not been investigated. Objective To evaluate the correlation between salivary (Fe) and serum iron (Fe, ferritin and hemoglobin) parameters in pregnant women with the development of dental caries. Methods A prospective cohort was conducted with 59 women...
March 14, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293154/coverage-and-predictors-of-routine-immunization-among-12-23-months-old-children-in-disaster-affected-communities-in-pakistan
#7
Shafiq Ur Rehman, Amna Rehana Siddiqui, Jamil Ahmed, Zafar Fatmi, Sayed Masoom Shah, Aisha Rahman, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai
OBJECTIVES: We aimed this study to determine the relationship of various factors related to poor immunization in children in an earthquake affected community. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted this cross-sectional study during 2007-2008 in Muzaffarabad district of Pakistani side of Kashmir. We selected 43 villages as clusters and in the second, 860 children between 12 and 24 months were selected from households through systematic sampling. Mothers of the eligible children were interviewed with a questionnaire...
January 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286549/relations-of-mother-s-sense-of-coherence-and-childrearing-style-with-child-s-social-skills-in-preschoolers
#8
Rikuya Hosokawa, Toshiki Katsura, Miho Shizawa
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationships between mothers' sense of coherence (SOC) and their child's social skills development among preschool children, and how this relationship is mediated by mother's childrearing style. METHODS: Mothers of 1341 Japanese children, aged 4-5 years, completed a self-report questionnaire on their SOC and childrearing style. The children's teachers evaluated their social skills using the social skills scale (SSS), which comprises three factors: cooperation, self-control, and assertion...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286402/retrospective-basic-parent-child-communication-difficulties-and-risk-of-depression-in-deaf-adults
#9
Poorna Kushalnagar, Sheila Bruce, Tina Sutton, Irene W Leigh
This paper describes the relationship between retrospective communication difficulties and current depressive symptomatology. A total of 143 deaf/hard-of-hearing late adolescents and adults (64 % White; 55 % female) completed questionnaires related to parent communication, language history and current psychological functioning. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the likelihood of having depression that is associated with understanding parents' communication after controlling for gender, hearing level, and language history...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284678/analysis-of-the-effects-of-individual-and-community-level-factors-on-childhood-immunization-in-malawi
#10
Peter Austin Morton Ntenda, Kun-Yang Chuang, Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Ying-Chih Chuang
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence regarding the relationship between childhood immunization and individual- and community-level factors in low-income countries has received little attention. We compared the trends and the effects of a wide range of individual- and community-level socioeconomic factors on the likelihood of a child being immunized between 2004 and 2010 in Malawi. METHODS: We used data from the 2004 and 2010 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey and applied generalized estimating logistic regression equation to analyze data respectively on 2042 and 3496 children aged 12-23months...
March 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284344/are-there-early-inflammatory-biomarkers-that-affect-neurodevelopment-in-infancy
#11
Núria Voltas, Victoria Arija, Carmen Hernández-Martínez, Rosa Jiménez-Feijoo, Natàlia Ferré, Josefa Canals
Few studies have investigated the relationship between post-natal inflammatory biomarkers at early age and child neurodevelopment outcomes. The main aim of this study was to examine the relationship between IL-6, IL-1β, IL-4 cytokines, as well as cortisol at 6 and 12months of age, and neurodevelopment and psychological problems at 30months of age. The study was conducted on a sample of 51 full-term newborns who were followed up at 6, 12, and 30months of age. Infant neurodevelopment was assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II, psychological problems were assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist 1...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277397/factors-associated-with-levels-of-risky-drinking-in-adolescent-alcohol-users-in-taiwan-a-secondary-data-analysis
#12
Chao-Chia Hung, Hsin-Yi Chang, Yi-Chen Chiang, Wen-Chi Wu, Lee-Lan Yen
BACKGROUND: Drinking is largely viewed as a socialized behavior; however, our understanding of factors associated with levels of risky drinking is limited in cultures where underage drinking is relatively unacceptable. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to define the different levels associated with risky drinking and to examine the factors that are associated with these levels. METHODS: We used data from the Child and Adolescent Behavior in Long-Term Evolution project...
April 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277014/-you-are-labelled-by-your-children-s-disability-a-community-based-participatory-study-of-stigma-among-somali-parents-of-children-with-autism-living-in-the-united-kingdom
#13
Lucy Ellen Selman, Fiona Fox, Nura Aabe, Katrina Turner, Dheeraj Rai, Sabi Redwood
OBJECTIVES: Social stigma is commonly experienced by parents of children with autism. Our aim was to understand the nature of stigma experienced by Somali parents of children with autism in the United Kingdom (UK), and to consider how they coped with or resisted such stigma. DESIGN: We used a community-based participatory research approach, collaborating with a community organisation of Somali parents. In-depth interviews with simultaneous translation were conducted with 15 Somali parents of children with autism living in Bristol, UK, in 2015...
March 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266261/-clinical-validation-of-the-caregiver-child-socioemotional-and-relationship-rating-scale-sirs-for-child-behavior-in-a-preschool-age-sample
#14
Svenja Esins, Jörg Michael Müller, Georg Romer, Katharina Wagner, Sandra Achtergarde
Clinical Validation of the Caregiver-Child Socioemotional and Relationship Rating Scale (SIRS) for Child Behavior in a Preschool-Age Sample The description of child behavior in mother-child-interaction is important in early detection and treatment of psychiatric disorders in preschool children. The Caregiver-Child Socioemotional and Relationship Rating Scale (SIRS) may serve this diagnostic purpose. We aim to examine interrater-reliability of SIRS and concurrent, convergent, and discriminant validity to maternal behavior by Play-PAB, and a measure of mother-child-relationsship by Parent-Infant-Global-Assessment-Scale (PIRGAS)...
March 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263829/depression-alters-maternal-extended-amygdala-response-and-functional-connectivity-during-distress-signals-in-attachment-relationship
#15
S Shaun Ho, James E Swain
Maternal attachment-related parenting behaviors require mothers to regulate self-related and child-related distress. Emotion regulation is, in turn, influenced by maternal mood and personal developmental history. In the current study we examined how depressive mood may alter maternal limbic system function and functional connectivity underlying defensive and hedonic motivations. Twenty nine mothers were recruited to undergo a baby-cry task during a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scan. Based on self-reported depression symptoms and clinical interview, the participants were grouped as healthy controls (n=15) and currently depressed (n=14)...
March 2, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262152/relationship-between-personal-maternal-and-familial-factors-with-mental-health-problems-in-school-aged-children-in-aceh-province-indonesia
#16
Fauzan Saputra, Jintana Yunibhand, Sunisa Sukratul
Recently, mental health problems (MHP) in school-aged children have become a global phenomenon. Yet, the number of children affected remains unclear in Indonesia, and the effects of mental health problems are of concern. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of MHP in school-aged children and its relationship to personal, maternal, and familial factors in Aceh province, Indonesia. Participants were 143 school-aged children with MHP and their mothers. They completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, Social Competence Questionnaire, Brief Family Relationship Scale, Parental Stress Scale, Parent's Report Questionnaire, and Indonesian Version of the Beck Depression Inventory-II...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261792/parasympathetic-reactivity-and-disruptive-behavior-problems-in-young-children-during-interactions-with-their-mothers-and-other-adults-a-preliminary-investigation
#17
Christine E Cooper-Vince, Mariah DeSerisy, Danielle Cornacchio, Amanda Sanchez, Katie A McLaughlin, Jonathan S Comer
Parasympathetic nervous system influences on cardiac functions-commonly indexed via respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA)-are central to self-regulation. RSA suppression during challenging emotional and cognitive tasks is often associated with better emotional and behavioral functioning in preschoolers. However, the links between RSA suppression and child behavior across various challenging interpersonal contexts remains unclear. The present study experimentally evaluated the relationship between child RSA reactivity to adult (mother vs...
March 6, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260556/feasibility-of-collecting-tumor-samples-of-breast-cancer-patients-diagnosed-up-to-50-years-ago-in-the-child-health-and-development-studies
#18
N Y Krigbaum, R A Rubin, P M Cirillo, M B Terry, L A Habel, C Morris, B A Cohn
Environmental exposures during pregnancy may increase breast cancer risk for mothers and female offspring. Tumor tissue assays may provide insight regarding the mechanisms. This study assessed the feasibility of obtaining tumor samples and pathology reports from mothers (F0) who were enrolled in the Child Health and Development Studies during pregnancy from 1959 to 1967 and their daughters (F1) who developed breast cancer over more than 50 years of follow-up. Breast cancer cases were identified through linkage to the California Cancer Registry and self-report...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257638/sleep-habits-and-pattern-in-1-14-years-old-children-and-relationship-with-video-devices-use-and-evening-and-night-child-activities
#19
Paolo Brambilla, Marco Giussani, Angela Pasinato, Leonello Venturelli, Francesco Privitera, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice, Sara Sollai, Marina Picca, Giuseppe Di Mauro, Oliviero Bruni, Elena Chiappini
BACKGROUND: Sleep in childhood and adolescence is crucial for mental and physical health; however several researches reported an increasing trend towards a sleep deprivation in this age. Due to the lack of recent epidemiological studies in Italy, the aim of our study was to depict sleep habits and patterns in Italian children aged 1-14 years and to evaluate their relationships with video devices use (TV, tablet, smartphone, PC) and evening/night child activities. METHODS: A structured interview was conducted during 2015 by 72 Family Pediatricians in 2030 healthy children aged 1-14 years by a cross-sectional survey named "Ci piace sognare"...
January 13, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255673/the-influence-of-child-gender-on-the-prospective-relationships-between-parenting-and-child-adhd
#20
David H Demmer, Francis Puccio, Mark A Stokes, Jane A McGillivray, Merrilyn Hooley
The aims of the current study were to (i) explore the potential bidirectional, prospective relationships between parenting and child ADHD, and (ii) explore whether these relationships differed on the basis of child gender. Data were obtained from waves 1 (children aged 4- to 5-years) to 5 (children aged 12- to 13-years) of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Child (LSAC) dataset (child cohort). In order to examine dimensions of both mothers' and fathers' parenting, a subsample of nuclear families with mothers, fathers and children present at all waves was extracted (final sample = 1932; sons = 981, daughters = 951)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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