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Maternal Child Interaction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438715/perceived-child-eating-behaviours-and-maternal-migrant-background
#1
Maria Somaraki, Karin Eli, Kimmo Sorjonen, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Claude Marcus, Myles S Faith, Christine Persson Osowski, Anna Ek, Paulina Nowicka
The Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) is a well-established instrument in the study of obesity-related eating behaviours among children. However, research using the CEBQ in multicultural samples is limited. This study aims to identify and examine differences in child eating behaviours as reported by Swedish-born and non-Swedish-born mothers living in Sweden. Mothers (n = 1310, 74 countries of origin, mean age 36.5 years, 63.6% with higher education, 29.2% with overweight or obesity) of five-year-olds (mean age 4...
February 10, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428545/the-montreal-children-s-hospital-feeding-scale-relationships-with-parental-report-of-child-eating-behaviours-and-observed-feeding-interactions
#2
Samantha Rogers, Maria Ramsay, Jackie Blissett
Feeding problems are common, with implications for nutrition, growth and family stress, placing burden on primary care services. The Montreal Children's Hospital Feeding Scale (MCHFS) is a quick and reliable measure of feeding problems for clinical settings, but there is little examination of its relationship to commonly used research measures of parental feeding practice, child eating behaviour and observations of parent-infant interaction at mealtimes. We examined the relationships between the MCHFS, demographics and early feeding history, weight across the first year, parental report of feeding practices and child eating behaviours, and observations of maternal-infant feeding interaction at 1 year...
February 8, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427893/ghana-s-community-based-primary-health-care-why-women-and-children-are-disadvantaged-by-its-implementation
#3
Roger A Atinga, Irene Akua Agyepong, Reuben K Esena
Policy analysis on why women and children in low- and middle-income settings are still disadvantaged by access to appropriate care despite Primary Health Care (PHC) programmes implementation is limited. Drawing on the street-level bureaucracy theory, we explored how and why frontline providers (FLP) actions on their own and in interaction with health system factors shape Ghana's community-based PHC implementation to the disadvantage of women and children accessing and using health services. This was a qualitative study conducted in 4 communities drawn from rural and urban districts of the Upper West region...
February 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421401/association-between-prenatal-exposure-to-multiple-insecticides-and-child-body-weight-and-body-composition-in-the-vhembe-south-african-birth-cohort
#4
Eric Coker, Jonathan Chevrier, Stephen Rauch, Asa Bradman, Muvhulawa Obida, Madelein Crause, Riana Bornman, Brenda Eskenazi
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women may be co-exposed to multiple insecticides in regions where both pyrethroids and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) are used for indoor residual spraying (IRS) for malaria control. Despite the potential for adverse effects on offspring, there are few studies in areas where IRS is currently used and little is known about the effects of pyrethroids on children's health. METHODS: We investigated the relationship between concentrations of four urinary pyrethroid metabolites in urine and organochlorine pesticide concentrations in maternal blood collected near delivery on body weight and body composition among children ≤2 years old participating in the prospective South Africa VHEMBE birth cohort (N = 708)...
February 1, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417447/maternal-and-family-processes-in-different-subgroups-of-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Jane Pei-Chen Chang, Meng-Chuan Lai, Miao-Chun Chou, Chi-Yung Shang, Yen-Nan Chiu, Wen-Che Tsai, Yu-Yu Wu, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
We compared the maternal reports on mothering and family processes between 160 youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and 160 age and gender-matched typically developing (TD) youth stratified by personal characteristics from Taiwan. The ASD groups consisted of 51 'typical autism' (TA), 52 'high-functioning autism' (HFA), and 57 'Asperger syndrome (AS).' Maternal reports showed that youth with ASD obtained less affection and more protection from the mother, and had less active mother-child interactions and more behavioral problems at home...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403645/impact-of-prenatal-stress-on-mother-infant-dyadic-behavior-during-the-still-face-paradigm
#6
Isabell Ann-Cathrin Wolf, Maria Gilles, Verena Peus, Barbara Scharnholz, Julia Seibert, Christine Jennen-Steinmetz, Bertram Krumm, Marcella Rietschel, Michael Deuschle, Manfred Laucht
Background: Mother-infant interaction provides important training for the infant's ability to cope with stress and the development of resilience. Prenatal stress (PS) and its impact on the offspring's development have long been a focus of stress research, with studies highlighting both harmful and beneficial effects. The aim of the current study was to examine the possible influence of both psychological stress and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity during pregnancy with mother-child dyadic behavior following stress exposure...
2018: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402850/fetal-serum-metabolites-are-independently-associated-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Yong-Ping Lu, Christoph Reichetzeder, Cornelia Prehn, Karoline von Websky, Torsten Slowinski, You-Peng Chen, Liang-Hong Yin, Burkhard Kleuser, Xue-Song Yang, Jerzy Adamski, Berthold Hocher
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gestational diabetes (GDM) might be associated with alterations in the metabolomic profile of affected mothers and their offspring. Until now, there is a paucity of studies that investigated both, the maternal and the fetal serum metabolome in the setting of GDM. Mounting evidence suggests that the fetus is not just passively affected by gestational disease but might play an active role in it. Metabolomic studies performed in maternal blood and fetal cord blood could help to better discern distinct fetal from maternal disease interactions...
January 29, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401269/chronic-hyperandrogenemia-and-western-style-diet-beginning-at-puberty-reduces-fertility-and-increases-metabolic-dysfunction-during-pregnancy-in-young-adult-female-macaques
#8
C V Bishop, R L Stouffer, D L Takahashi, E C Mishler, M C Wilcox, O D Slayden, C A True
STUDY QUESTION: What are the impacts of elevated testosterone (T) and an obesogenic western-style diet (WSD), either independently or together, on fertility and metabolic adaptations of pregnancy in primates? SUMMARY ANSWER: Testosterone increases the time to achieve pregnancy, while a WSD reduces overall fertility, and the combination of testosterone and WSD additionally impairs glucose tolerance and causes pregnancy loss. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Both hyperandrogenemia and obesity are hallmarks of polycystic ovary syndrome, which is a leading cause of infertility among women worldwide...
February 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396153/no-improvements-in-postnatal-dietary-outcomes-were-observed-in-a-two-arm-randomized-controlled-comparative-impact-trial-among-rural-southern-african-american-women
#9
Jessica L Thomson, Lisa M Tussing-Humphreys, Alicia S Landry, Melissa H Goodman
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal diet quality, prevalent among postpartum women, is troubling for mothers and their children because positive relationships between maternal and child diet quality exist. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to determine whether postnatal diet quality scores of participants in the two treatment arms differed or changed over time. DESIGN: Delta Healthy Sprouts was a two-arm, randomized, controlled, comparative impact trial...
January 27, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389159/the-role-of-parent-and-child-self-regulation-in-children-s-glycemic-control
#10
Dione Healey, Andrew R Gray, Matthew Chae, Barry J Taylor, Julie Lawrence, David M Reith, Benjamin J Wheeler
OBJECTIVE: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a lifelong, metabolic disorder, typically arising in childhood and adolescence. Despite recent advances in diabetes management techniques, glycemic control remains substandard for many individuals This study examined the role of parental and child self-regulation in predicting effective glycemic control in children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHOD: Sixty-three families (with children aged 3-18 years) with T1DM participated...
February 1, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380375/maternal-sensitivity-to-distress-attachment-and-the%C3%A2-development-of-callous-unemotional-traits-in-young-children
#11
Nicola Wright, Jonathan Hill, Helen Sharp, Andrew Pickles
BACKGROUND: Callous-unemotional (CU) traits are characterized by a lack of responsiveness to the emotions of others, particularly negative emotions. A parenting environment where the child's own distress emotions are sensitively responded to may help foster the child's ability to respond to the emotions of others. We tested whether maternal sensitivity to distress, and other parenting characteristics, were associated with CU traits over the preschool period, and examined whether this was mediated via infant attachment status...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370744/protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-on-information-technology-enabled-nutrition-intervention-among-urban-adults-in-chandigarh-india-smart-eating-trial
#12
Jasvir Kaur, Manmeet Kaur, Jacqui Webster, Rajesh Kumar
Nutrition is an important determinant of health. At present, nutrition programs in India mainly emphasize improving maternal and child nutrition. Adult nutrition has not received due attention, though diseases like hypertension and diabetes are largely preventable through changes in dietary and physical activity behaviour. Little is known about the best approaches to improve dietary behaviours, especially the role of modern information technology (IT) in health education. We describe the protocol of the SMART Eating (Small, Measurable and Achievable dietary changes by Reducing fat, sugar and salt consumption and Trying different fruits and vegetables) health promotion intervention...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369067/evidence-establishing-a-link-between-prenatal-and-early-life-stress-and-asthma-development
#13
Maria José Rosa, Alison G Lee, Rosalind J Wright
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this review is to provide an update on our evolving understanding of the effects of stress in pregnancy and during early development on the onset of asthma-related phenotypes across childhood, adolescence, and into early adulthood. RECENT FINDINGS: Accumulating evidence over the past 2 decades has established that prenatal and early-life psychological stress and stress correlates (e.g., maternal anxiety or depression) increase the risk for childhood respiratory disorders...
January 23, 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361926/exploring-the-care-provided-to-mothers-and-children-by-community-health-workers-in-south-africa-missed-opportunities-to-provide-comprehensive-care
#14
A Wilford, S Phakathi, L Haskins, N A Jama, N Mntambo, C Horwood
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) provide maternal and child health services to communities in many low and middle-income countries, including South Africa (SA). CHWs can improve access to important health interventions for isolated and vulnerable communities. In this study we explored the performance of CHWs providing maternal and child health services at household level and the quality of the CHW-mother interaction. METHODS: A qualitative study design was employed using observations and in-depth interviews to explore the content of household interactions, and experiences and perceptions of mothers and CHWs...
January 23, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357912/eregqual-an-electronic-health-registry-with-interactive-checklists-and-clinical-decision-support-for-improving-quality-of-antenatal-care-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#15
Mahima Venkateswaran, Kjersti Mørkrid, Buthaina Ghanem, Eatimad Abbas, Itimad Abuward, Mohammad Baniode, Ole Frithjof Norheim, J Frederik Frøen
BACKGROUND: Health worker compliance with established best-practice clinical and public health guidelines may be enhanced by customized checklists of care and clinical decision support driven by point-of-care data entry into an electronic health registry. The public health system of Palestine is currently implementing a national electronic registry (eRegistry) for maternal and child health. This trial is embedded in the national implementation and aims to assess the effectiveness of the eRegistry's interactive checklists and clinical decision support, compared with the existing paper based records, on improving the quality of care for pregnant women...
January 22, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349589/associations-between-father-temperament-character-rearing-psychopathology-and-child-temperament-in-children-aged-3-6-years
#16
Zehra Babadagi, Koray M Z Karabekiroglu, Filiz Ucar, Gokce Nur Say, Murat Yuce, Zeynep Gulcin Yildirim
Temperament refers to the totality of individual characteristics present from birth that determine a child's unique style of behavior. Maternal personality and attitudes, one of the factors affecting temperament traits in children, is a frequently investigated subject. However, paternal variables have remained insufficiently studied. The purpose of this study is to investigate the associations between the fathers' temperament, character, attitudes, psychopathology and temperament of the 3-6 years-old children...
January 19, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349277/patterns-of-poverty-exposure-and-children-s-trajectories-of-externalizing-and-internalizing-behaviors
#17
Jinette Comeau, Michael H Boyle
Using data from the Child Supplement of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, we compare trajectories of externalizing and internalizing behaviors among children exposed to five patterns of poverty from birth to age 14: always or never poor - stable patterns; a single transition into or out of poverty, or repeated fluctuations in and out of poverty - changing patterns. We also examine how low maternal education and single parenthood interact with these poverty exposures to compound their adverse effects...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345153/selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-use-in-pregnant-women-pharmacogenetics-drug-drug-interactions-and-adverse-effects
#18
Asher Ornoy, Gideon Koren
Possible negative effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in pregnancy relate to congenital anomalies, negative perinatal events and neurodevelopmental outcome. Many studies are confounded by the underlying maternal disease and by pharmacogenetic and pharmacokinetic differences of these drugs. Areas covered: The possible interactions of SSRIs and serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors with other drugs and the known effects of SSRIs on congenital anomalies, perinatal and neurodevelopmental outcome...
January 18, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344751/associations-between-early-intervention-home-visits-family-relationships-and-competence-for-mothers-of-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#19
Morgan K Crossman, Marji Erickson Warfield, Milton Kotelchuck, Penny Hauser-Cram, Susan L Parish
Objectives To examine the association between intensity of home visits in early intervention (EI), perceived helpfulness of home visits in EI, and positive family relationships as predictors of maternal competence at age 3, as well as moderating effects of predictors, controlling for child characteristics, family demographics, and negative life events. Methods Data were drawn from the Early Intervention Collaborative Study (EICS), a 24-year longitudinal investigation of approximately 190 families of children with developmental disabilities who participated in EI programs in Massachusetts and New Hampshire...
January 17, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331702/is-very-low-infant-birth-weight-a-predictor-for-a-five-year-course-of-depression-in-parents-a-latent-growth-curve-model
#20
Claus Barkmann, Nadine Helle, Carola Bindt
BACKGROUND: A very low birth weight (VLBW) is considered as a significant risk factor for early-onset developmental problems in infants, but is also discussed as a potential risk factor for the development of depressive symptoms in affected parents. METHODS: In this study, the 5-year courses of maternal and paternal depression with VLBW and term born infants (n = 250 families) are modeled and predicted by factors existing at the time of birth. RESULTS: The dyadic trajectories of depression could be best described by five classes (I no depression, II minor maternal depression, III increasing dyadic depression, IV significant maternal depression, V highly depressed mothers)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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