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Maternal Child Interaction

Erla Kolbrun Svavarsdottir, Anna Olafia Sigurdardottir, Elisabet Konradsdottir, Gudny Bergthora Tryggvadottir
BACKGROUND: Implementing family system nursing in clinical settings is on the rise. However, little is known about the impact of graduate school education as well as continuing education in family systems nursing (FSN) on nurses' perceptions of their family nursing practice. AIMS: To evaluate the level of nursing education, having taken a continuing hospital educational course in family system nursing (FN-ETI programme), and the impact of job characteristics on nurses' perceptions of their family nursing practice skills...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Dillon T Browne, Mark Wade, Andre Plamondon, George Leckie, Michal Perlman, Sheri Madigan, Jennifer M Jenkins
The present study examined the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) and sibling differences in birth weight on sibling differences in the receipt of maternal sensitivity (i.e., differential parenting). It was hypothesized that sibling differences in birth weight would predict absolute differential parenting across the sibship (i.e., the more different siblings' birth weight, the more different the level of sensitivity in the family, overall) and child-specific differential parenting (i.e., relatively heavier siblings receiving more sensitivity, compared to his or her counterpart within the family)...
April 16, 2018: Developmental Psychology
Yingying Han, Panhua Jiang, Tianyu Dong, Xinliang Ding, Ting Chen, Gro Dehli Villanger, Heidi Aase, Lu Huang, Yankai Xia
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have investigated prenatal air pollution and shown that air pollutants have adverse effect on birth outcomes. However, which trimester was the most sensitive and whether the effect was related to maternal age is still ambiguous. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the association between maternal air pollution exposure during pregnancy and preterm birth, and if this relationship is modified by maternal age. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we examine the causal relationship of prenatal exposure to air pollutants including particulate matters, which are less than 10 µm (PM10 ), and ozone (O3 ), which is one of the gaseous pollutants, on preterm birth by gestational age...
April 12, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Joyce J Endendijk, Hannah Spencer, Anneloes L van Baar, Peter A Bos
Certain infant facial characteristics, referred to as baby schema, are thought to automatically trigger parenting behavior and affective orientation toward infants. Electroencephalography (EEG) is well suited to assessing the intuitive nature and temporal dynamics of parenting responses, due to its millisecond temporal resolution. Little is known, however, about the relations between neural processing of infant cues and actual parenting behavior in a naturalistic setting. In the present study we examined the event-related potentials (ERPs) of mothers (N = 33) watching infant faces of varying attractiveness, in relation to activation of the maternal care system and the mothers' observed parenting behavior (sensitivity, nonintrusiveness) with their own child (2-6 years old)...
April 12, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
Nava Wald, Tal Carthy, Vered Shenaar-Golan, Yael Tadmor-Zisman, Maayan Ziskind
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are among the most common psychopathologies in childhood. Two underlying contributors to child anxiety disorders (ADs) are negative emotional hyper-reactivity and deficits in reappraisal, a cognitive strategy of emotion regulation. Given that emotion regulation develops in the context of parent-child interaction, the aim of this study was to fill a research gap regarding the association between maternal negative emotional reactivity (NER) and reappraisal and child anxiety by examining (a) whether mothers of children with ADs display abnormalities in emotional reactivity and reappraisal compared to mothers of children without ADs; (b) whether maternal NER and reappraisal are associated with child anxiety; and (c) whether maternal reactivity and reappraisal significantly explain the variance in the level of child anxiety beyond the level of maternal anxiety...
April 2018: Depression and Anxiety
Nathalie Le Moullec, Adrian Fianu, Olivier Maillard, Emilie Chazelle, Nadège Naty, Chantal Schneebeli, Patrick Gérardin, Laetitia Huiart, Marie-Aline Charles, François Favier
Evidence from literature is mixed regarding a possible association of maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and overweight in the offspring. Sexual dimorphism, or sex disparities in the pathogenesis linking GDM exposure to overweight, could be at play. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between GDM and child overweight at 5-7 years. Six hundred pairs (1:1) of Reunionese liveborn singletons selected from a hospital-based birth registry, matched for sex, gestational age, and birth period, underwent a prospective in-home follow-up and were analyzed with respect to their exposure to GDM...
2018: PloS One
Wei Zhang, Khushmand Rajendran, Jacob Ham, Jackie Finik, Jessica Buthmann, Kei Davey, Patricia M Pehme, Kathryn Dana, Alexandra Pritchett, Holly Laws, Yoko Nomura
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the impact of prenatal maternal stress (PNMS) on the developmental trajectory of temperament and few studies have been able to incorporate a natural disaster as a quasi-experimental stressor. The current study investigated PNMS related to Superstorm Sandy ('Sandy'), a hurricane that struck the New York metropolitan area in October 2012, in terms of objective exposure during pregnancy, subjective stress reaction as assessed by maternal symptoms of post-traumatic stress, and their impact on the developmental changes in temperament during early childhood...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
M Korani, D M Rea, P F King, A E Brown
BACKGROUND: Nonresponsive maternal child-feeding interactions, such as restricting, pressurising and emotional feeding, can affect the ability of a child to self-regulate intake and increase the risk of becoming overweight. However, despite findings that South Asian and Black children living in the UK are more likely to be overweight, UK research has not considered how maternal child-feeding style might differ between ethnic groups. The present study aimed to explore variations in maternal child-feeding style between ethnic groups in the UK, taking into account associated factors such as deprivation and parenting style...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Alysa Pomer, Giavana Buffa, Fasiah Taleo, J Hunter Sizemore, Apisai Tokon, George Taleo, Len Tarivonda, Chim W Chan, Akira Kaneko, Kelsey N Dancause
BACKGROUND: Maternal stress during pregnancy is associated with birth outcomes, including birthweight. Exposure to natural disasters during pregnancy provides a model to study these relationships. However, few studies assess both stress and diet, which might have interactive effects. Furthermore, most are conducted in high-income countries. Patterns might differ in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). AIM: To study relationships between stress and diet during pregnancy, and infant birthweight, following a natural disaster in a lower-middle income country...
April 1, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Eva Govarts, Nina Iszatt, Tomas Trnovec, Marijke de Cock, Merete Eggesbø, Lubica Palkovicova Murinova, Margot van de Bor, Mònica Guxens, Cécile Chevrier, Gudrun Koppen, Marja Lamoree, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa, Aitana Lertxundi, Joan O Grimalt, Maties Torrent, Fernando Goñi-Irigoyen, Roel Vermeulen, Juliette Legler, Greet Schoeters
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is evidence that endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have developmental effects at environmental concentrations. We investigated whether some EDCs are associated with the adverse birth outcome Small for Gestational Age (SGA). METHODS: We used PCB 153, p,p'-DDE, HCB, PFOS and PFOA measured in maternal, cord blood or breast milk samples of 5446 mother-child pairs (subset of 693 for the perfluorinated compounds) from seven European birth cohorts (1997-2012)...
March 29, 2018: Environment International
Kristin Bernard, Sierra Kuzava, Robert Simons, Mary Dozier
Maltreating mothers often struggle to respond sensitively to their children's distress. Examining psychophysiological processing of own child cues may offer insight into neurobiological mechanisms that promote sensitive parenting among high-risk mothers. The current study used event-related potential (ERP) methodology to examine associations between mothers' neural responses to their own child versus other children and observed sensitivity to distress. Participants included 73 mothers: 42 with histories of child protective services (CPS) involvement and 31 low-risk comparison mothers...
March 29, 2018: Developmental Psychology
Khadija Alsarhi, Rahma, Mariëlle J L Prevoo, Lenneke R A Alink, Judi Mesman
This study represents the first video observation of parenting practices conducted in Yemen, where filming women is a taboo, and women are generally fully veiled, showing only their eyes, in the presence of strangers. A total of 62 mothers and children (aged 2-6 years) were filmed in their homes for 15 min during free interaction. The mothers' veils were not experienced as hampering the coding of sensitivity. Consistent with the socioeconomically deprived context, average sensitivity levels were low, but over 25% of mothers were rated as (very) sensitive...
March 28, 2018: Attachment & Human Development
Christopher Westgard, Renuka Naraine, Diego Mauricio Paucar Villacorta
A shortage in human resources for health is a growing crisis that has led to an inability to provide adequate health services to impoverished populations. By "task-shifting", health systems can delegate certain activities, such as health promotion and referral, to trained community members to help fill the human resource gap. An effective community health agent program can improve maternal and child health and overall effectiveness of rural health systems. Such a program is most effective when the community health agents receive supervision and evaluation of their performance...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Community Health
C Sacchi, P De Carli, A Vieno, G Piallini, S Zoia, A Simonelli
Maternal depression represents an important social/environmental factor in early childhood; however, its effect on children's motor development may vary depending on the role of infants' dispositional variables. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of the interaction between maternal depressive symptoms in the first two years of a child's life and the child's temperamental negative emotionality on motor development during this time. Using a cross-sectional study, we assessed 272 infants aged 0 to 24 months old and their mothers...
April 2018: Early Human Development
Hervé Tissot, Regina Kuersten-Hogan, France Frascarolo, Nicolas Favez, James P McHale
Over the past 20 years, systemically guided approaches to understanding early family processes have helped to provide greater clarity concerning the interplay among individual, dyadic, and family level processes. Parental depression, marital functioning, and child adjustment in particular appear to be reliable predictors of coparental and family level functioning. Indeed, cohesion at the level of the family group covaries in theoretically meaningful ways with these indicators of individual and dyadic adjustment...
March 25, 2018: Family Process
Karin Wahlberg, Tanzy M Love, Daniela Pineda, Karin Engström, Gene E Watson, Sally W Thurston, Alison J Yeates, Maria S Mulhern, Emeir M McSorley, J J Strain, Tristram H Smith, Philip W Davidson, Conrad F Shamlaye, G J Myers, Matthew D Rand, Edwin van Wijngaarden, Karin Broberg
INTRODUCTION: Glutathione (GSH) pathways play a key role the metabolism and elimination of the neurotoxicant methylmercury (MeHg). We hypothesized that maternal genetic variation linked to GSH pathways could influence MeHg concentrations in pregnant mothers and children and thereby also affect early life development. METHODS: The GCLM (rs41303970, C/T), GCLC (rs761142, T/G) and GSTP1 (rs1695, A/G) polymorphisms were genotyped in 1449 mothers in a prospective study of the Seychellois population with a diet rich in fish...
March 21, 2018: Environment International
Faramarz Asanjarani, Faezeh Davoud Abadi, Milad Ghomi, Judi Mesman
There is evidence that rural versus urban residence is a salient factor in predicting parenting practices. In what is most likely the very first video-observation study of parenting ever to come out of Iran, mothers and their 18-60-month-old children were observed for 30 min of free interaction at their homes in urban (n = 11) and rural (n = 15) Iran. None of the mothers made any comments about being filmed, none expressed insecurities about what to do, and only four mothers looked at the camera more than once or twice...
March 23, 2018: Attachment & Human Development
Rinat Feniger-Schaal, Tirtsa Joels
BACKGROUND: Attachment theory produced a fertile field of research and clinical application. Although the topic of attachment of children with intellectual disability (ID) has received increasing research attention over the past 15 years, the empirical evidence is still limited. AIMS: We applied theoretical and empirical knowledge of parenting typically developing children to examine the mother-child relationship in the ID population. The aim was to examine maternal sensitivity and structuring and its association with children's attachment classification and their disability...
March 19, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
X-H Zhang, H-Y Zhang, S Lu, L-L Jiang, J Wu, Y-L Yang, S-A Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Gestational hypertension is a pregnancy complication that serious damages the maternal and child health. Early onset severe preeclampsia accounts for about 0.9% of the gestational hypertension disease. Conservative treatment is proposed in recent years to early onset severe preeclampsia through delay delivery. Therefore, it is particularly important to explore the pathogenesis of severe preeclampsia. Soluble endoglin (sEng) has been identified as a central factor to induce endothelium dysfunction of preeclampsia, while its specific mechanism is unclear...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Enju Liu, Laura Pimpin, Masha Shulkin, Sarah Kranz, Christopher P Duggan, Dariush Mozaffarian, Wafaie W Fawzi
(1) Background: The effects of zinc supplementation on child growth, and prior reviews of these studies, have shown mixed results. We aim to systematically review and meta-analyze randomized controlled trials evaluating effects of preventive zinc supplementation for 3 months or longer during pregnancy or in children up to age 5 years on pregnancy outcomes and child growth; (2) Methods: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and trial registries for eligible trials up to October 10, 2017...
March 20, 2018: Nutrients
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