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Maternal Child Interaction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034499/early-interaction-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-mothers-and-children-s-behaviours-during-joint-engagement
#1
A Kaale, L Smith, A Nordahl-Hansen, M W Fargerland, C Kasari
BACKGROUND: More knowledge about the interaction between young children with autism spectrum disorder and their parents is one way to improve intervention. This study aims to investigate the behaviours of mothers and children with autism spectrum disorder during joint engagement, with a focus on pacing or rate (i.e., incidences per minute) of their behaviours when being in this state. METHOD: Video recordings of 10 min of free-play between 58 children (2-4 years) diagnosed with childhood autism and their mothers were used to examine rate of mothers' and children's behaviours (i...
October 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034462/a-model-based-cluster-analysis-of-maternal-emotion-regulation-and-relations-to-parenting-behavior
#2
Anne Shaffer, Monica Whitehead, Molly Davis, Diana Morelen, Cynthia Suveg
In a diverse community sample of mothers (N = 108) and their preschool-aged children (Mage  = 3.50 years), this study conducted person-oriented analyses of maternal emotion regulation (ER) based on a multimethod assessment incorporating physiological, observational, and self-report indicators. A model-based cluster analysis was applied to five indicators of maternal ER: maternal self-report, observed negative affect in a parent-child interaction, baseline respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), and RSA suppression across two laboratory tasks...
October 15, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027660/maternal-emotion-dysregulation-parenting-stress-and-child-physiological-anxiety-during-dark-enhanced-startle
#3
Minhnguyen Cao, Abigail Powers, Dorthie Cross, Bekh Bradley, Tanja Jovanovic
Maternal emotion dysregulation (ED) plays a crucial role in the development of psychopathology in children. The current study aimed to investigate parenting stress as a mediator of the relationship between maternal emotion dysregulation and child startle potentiation, with child sex as a moderator. Mothers were interviewed to obtain self-report of maternal ED and parenting stress and child's dark-enhanced startle (DES) response was measured using electromyographic recordings of the eye-blink muscle during the delivery of acoustic probes...
October 13, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026216/associations-of-maternal-and-cord-blood-adipokines-with-offspring-adiposity-in-project-viva-is-there-an-interaction-with-child-age
#4
L-J Li, S L Rifas-Shiman, I M Aris, J G Young, C Mantzoros, M-F Hivert, E Oken
OBJECTIVES: Higher leptin and lower adiponectin correlate with adult and childhood adiposity, but it is unclear how exposure to these adipokines during gestation relates to offspring growth. We aimed to investigate the relationships of maternal and cord adipokines with offspring adiposity across childhood to early adolescence, as well as interactions with child age. METHODS: In mother-child pairs in the Project Viva cohort, we measured adipokines in mothers at 2nd trimester (n=1106) and in cord blood at birth (n=657)...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020047/correlates-of-institutional-deliveries-among-teenage-and-non-teenage-mothers-in-nepal
#5
Pawan Acharya, Tara Ballav Adhikari, Dipika Neupane, Kiran Thapa, Parash Mani Bhandari
INTRODUCTION: Globally, maternal age is identified as an important predictor of institutional service utilization during delivery. This study aims to assess the correlates of institutional delivery among teenage and non-teenage mothers in Nepal by using the data from Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2011. METHODS: The study population consisted of 5391 women of reproductive age (15-49 years) who had given birth to a child within five years before the survey. Out of them, 381 (7...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994511/relationships-of-family-conflict-cohesion-and-chaos-in-the-home-environment-on-maternal-and-child-food-related-behaviours
#6
Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Virginia Quick, Man Zhang, Yanhong Jin, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner
This study examined how food-related behaviours differed in mothers and their preschool children by levels of family functioning (cohesion and conflict) and household disorganization (chaos). A nationally representative sample of mothers of preschoolers completed an online survey assessing food-related behaviours of themselves and their children. Maternal and child diet, eating behaviours, and health status; household availability of fruits/vegetables, salty/fatty snacks, and sugar-sweetened beverages; family mealtime atmosphere; and family conflict, cohesion, and household chaos were assessed with valid, reliable scales...
October 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992549/how-does-maternal-oxytocin-influence-children-s-mental-health-problem-and-maternal-mental-health-problem
#7
Wai S Tse, Angela F Y Siu, Tracy K Y Wong
This study aims to explore the interrelationship among maternal oxytocin (OT) responsiveness, maternal mental health, maternal parenting behavior, and mental health of children under a free-play interaction. 61 mother-child dyads were recruited for the study. Maternal mental health problem and parenting self-efficacy were measured using self-reported questionnaires. The mental health problems of children were also evaluated using a mother-reported questionnaire. Furthermore, salivary OT was collected before and after a standardized 10min free-play interaction...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987706/combined-effects-of-prenatal-exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-material-hardship-on-child-adhd-behavior-problems
#8
Frederica P Perera, Kylie Wheelock, Ya Wang, Deliang Tang, Amy E Margolis, Gladys Badia, Whitney Cowell, Rachel L Miller, Virginia Rauh, Shuang Wang, Julie B Herbstman
IMPORTANCE: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are carcinogenic and neurotoxic combustion by-products commonly found in urban air. Exposure to PAH is disproportionately high in low income communities of color who also experience chronic economic stress. OBJECTIVE: In a prospective cohort study in New York City (NYC) we previously found a significant association between prenatal PAH exposure and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) behavior problems at age 9...
October 4, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979125/triadic-interactions-in-families-with-preterm-children-a-comparative-study-with-children-born-at-term
#9
Michela Gatta, Marina Miscioscia, Lorenza Svanellini, Maria Elena Brianda, Giada Guerra, Pier Antonio Battistella, Alessandra Simonelli
The relationship between parents and infants born preterm is multifaceted and could present some relational patterns which are believed to predict psychological risk more than others. For example, insensitive parenting behavior has been shown to place very preterm children at greater risk of emotional and behavioral dysregulation. The main objective of this study was to compare the quality of family interactions in a sample of families with preterm children with one of the families with at-term children, exploring possible differences and similarities...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975925/fkbp5-moderates-the-association-between-antenatal-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-neonatal-brain-morphology
#10
Changqing Wang, Mojun Shen, Bryan Guillaume, Yap-Seng Chong, Helen Chen, Marielle V Fortier, Michael J Meaney, Anqi Qiu
Antenatal maternal depressive symptoms influence fetal brain development and increase the risk for depression in offspring. Such vulnerability is often moderated by the offspring's genetic variants. This study aimed to examine whether FKBP5, a key regulator of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, moderates the association between antenatal maternal depressive symptoms and in utero brain development, using an Asian cohort with 161 mother-offspring dyads. Antenatal maternal depressive symptoms were measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) during the second trimester of pregnancy...
October 3, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971246/transfer-of-maternal-immunity-and-programming-of-the-newborn-immune-system
#11
REVIEW
Madeleine F Jennewein, Bahaa Abu-Raya, Yiwei Jiang, Galit Alter, Arnaud Marchant
As placental mammals, the pregnant women and the fetus have intense and prolonged interactions during gestation. There is increasing evidence that multiple molecular as well as cellular components originating in pregnant women are transferred to the fetus. The transfer of maternal antibodies has long been recognized as a central component of newborn immunity against pathogens. More recent studies indicate that inflammatory mediators, micronutrients, microbial products and maternal cells are transferred in utero and influence the fetal immune system...
October 2, 2017: Seminars in Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969717/the-role-of-the-physician-in-israel-s-maternal-child-health-clinics-surveys-of-professional-and-parental-perceptions
#12
Chen Stein-Zamir, Hannah Shoob, Deena R Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Preventative health services are a pediatric health care cornerstone, which strives to promote health and prevent illness and injury. In Israel, Maternal Child Health Clinics (MCHC) provide these well child services for ages 0-6 years. MCHC care includes physician visits; however, the physician's role is not well defined. The study purpose was to provide a basis for setting policies that determine the role of physicians in the provision of MCHC services. To get broad input we included MCHC stakeholders - parents, MCHC physicians, non-MCHC physicians and MCHC nurses, specifically to obtain insights regarding the MCHC physician role and to characterize the stakeholder demographics, service utilization, and practice patterns...
October 2, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963622/determinants-and-the-impact-of-the-national-health-insurance-on-neonatal-mortality-in-ghana
#13
Monica Lambon-Quayefio, Nkechi S Owoo
The national health insurance was established to increase access to health care services and the maternal component was later introduced to improve the health outcomes of both mother and child. The main objectives of this study are to investigate the factors that affect neonatal deaths as well as examine the effect of the Ghana Health Insurance on neonatal deaths in Ghana. Using the most recent round of the Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, the study estimates the probit model with interaction effects to account for the heterogeneity in outcomes...
September 29, 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962068/the-effect-of-perinatal-depression-treatment-for-mothers-on-parenting-and-child-development-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Nicole L Letourneau, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Nela Cosic, Jordana Linder
Antenatal and postpartum depression are very common and have significant consequences for mothers and their children. This review examines which antenatal depression (AD) and postpartum depression (PPD) treatment interventions are most efficacious in improving parenting and/or child development. CINAHL, Scopus, Cochrane Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Controlled Trials, Medline (OVID), Embase (OVID), PsychINFO, PsycARTICLES, AMED, and reference lists were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-experimental studies assessing the effect of AD, PPD, or both treatment interventions on parenting and/or child development were included...
October 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959963/parental-influence-on-human-germline-de-novo-mutations-in-1-548-trios-from-iceland
#15
Hákon Jónsson, Patrick Sulem, Birte Kehr, Snaedis Kristmundsdottir, Florian Zink, Eirikur Hjartarson, Marteinn T Hardarson, Kristjan E Hjorleifsson, Hannes P Eggertsson, Sigurjon Axel Gudjonsson, Lucas D Ward, Gudny A Arnadottir, Einar A Helgason, Hannes Helgason, Arnaldur Gylfason, Adalbjorg Jonasdottir, Aslaug Jonasdottir, Thorunn Rafnar, Mike Frigge, Simon N Stacey, Olafur Th Magnusson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Gisli Masson, Augustine Kong, Bjarni V Halldorsson, Agnar Helgason, Daniel F Gudbjartsson, Kari Stefansson
The characterization of mutational processes that generate sequence diversity in the human genome is of paramount importance both to medical genetics and to evolutionary studies. To understand how the age and sex of transmitting parents affect de novo mutations, here we sequence 1,548 Icelanders, their parents, and, for a subset of 225, at least one child, to 35× genome-wide coverage. We find 108,778 de novo mutations, both single nucleotide polymorphisms and indels, and determine the parent of origin of 42,961...
September 28, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954544/two-year-outcomes-of-the-enabling-mothers-to-prevent-pediatric-obesity-through-web-based-education-and-reciprocal-determinism-empower-randomized-control-trial
#16
Adam P Knowlden, Eric Conrad
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity is a public health epidemic with far-reaching medical, economic, and quality of life consequences. Brief, web-based interventions have received increased attention for their potential to combat childhood obesity. The purpose of our study was to evaluate a web-based, maternal-facilitated childhood obesity prevention intervention dubbed Enabling Mothers to Prevent Pediatric Obesity Through Web-Based Education and Reciprocal Determinism (EMPOWER), for its capacity to elicit sustained effects at the 2-year postintervention follow-up mark...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946023/maternal-touch-in-caregiving-behavior-of-mothers-with-and-without-postpartum-depression
#17
Katharina Cordes, Ida Egmose, Johanne Smith-Nielsen, Simo Køppe, Mette Skovgaard Væver
The way a mother touches her infant plays a central role in maternal caregiving behavior. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to examine associations between touch and positive and negative caregiving behavior and whether this association differed in mothers with and without postpartum depression, an episode of depressive disorder following childbirth. Positive caregiving behavior was operationalized as sensitive behavior, i.e. the mother's ability to notice the child's signals, interpret these signals correctly and respond to them promptly and appropriately...
September 22, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943806/developmental-risk-and-goodness-of-fit-in-the-mother-child-relationship-links-to-parenting-stress-and-children-s-behaviour-problems
#18
Rebecca P Newland, Keith A Crnic
Despite the compelling nature of goodness of fit, empirical support has lagged for this construct. The present study examined an interactional approach to measuring goodness of fit and prospectively explored associations with mother-child relationship quality, child behavior problems, and parenting stress across the preschool period. In addition, as goodness of fit might be particularly important for children at developmental risk, the presence of early developmental delay was considered as a moderator of goodness of fit processes...
March 2017: Infant and Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943690/intimate-partner-violence-maternal-gatekeeping-and-child-conduct-problems
#19
Bharathi J Zvara, W Roger Mills-Koonce, Martha Cox
We examined the mediating role of parenting behavior on the relationship between intimate partner violence and child conduct problems, as well as the moderating role of maternal gatekeeping to these associations. The sample (N = 395) is from a longitudinal study of rural poverty in the eastern United States, exploring the ways in which child, family, and contextual factors shape child development over time. Study findings indicate that a father's harsh-intrusive parenting behavior may be a key mediating pathway linking intimate partner violence and child conduct problems...
December 2016: Family Relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941965/gestational-respiratory-infections-interacting-with-offspring-hla-and-ctla-4-modifies-incident-%C3%AE-cell-autoantibodies
#20
Kristian F Lynch, Hye-Seung Lee, Carina Törn, Kendra Vehik, Jeffrey P Krischer, Helena Elding Larsson, Michael J Haller, William A Hagopian, Marian J Rewers, Jin-Xiong She, Olli G Simell, Jorma Toppari, Anette-G Ziegler, Beena Akolkar, Heikki Hyöty, Ezio Bonifacio, Åke Lernmark
β-cell autoantibodies against insulin (IAA), GAD65 (GADA) and IA-2 (IA-2A) precede onset of childhood type 1 diabetes (T1D). Incidence of the first appearing β-cell autoantibodies peaks at a young age and is patterned by T1D-associated genes, suggesting an early environmental influence. Here, we tested if gestational infections and interactions with child's human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and non-HLA genes affected the appearance of the first β-cell autoantibody. Singletons of mothers without diabetes (n = 7472) with T1D-associated HLA-DR-DQ genotypes were prospectively followed quarterly through the first 4 years of life, then semiannually until age 6 years, using standardized autoantibody analyses...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
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