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red wine and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759108/a-western-dietary-pattern-is-prospectively-associated-with-cardio-metabolic-traits-and-incidence-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#1
Isabel Drake, Emily Sonestedt, Ulrika Ericson, Peter Wallström, Marju Orho-Melander
The aim of this study was to derive dietary patterns associated with cardio-metabolic traits and to examine whether these predict prospective changes in these traits and incidence of the metabolic syndrome (iMetS). Subjects from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study cardiovascular cohort without cardio-metabolic disease and related drug treatments at baseline (n 4071; aged 45-67 years, 40 % men) were included. We applied reduced rank regression on thirty-eight foods to derive patterns that explain variation in response variables measured at baseline (waist circumference, TAG, HDL- and LDL-cholesterol, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fasting glucose and insulin)...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756977/effects-of-red-wine-grape-juice-and-resveratrol-consumption-on-bone-parameters-of-wistar-rats-submitted-to-high-fat-diet-and-physical-training
#2
Letícia Monteiro da Fonseca Cardoso, Nina Da Matta Alvarez Pimenta, Raiza Da Silva Ferreira Fiochi, Bruna Ferreira Mota Mota, Juliana Arruda de Souza Monnerat, Cristiane Correia Teixeira, Renata Beatriz Da Rocha Ramalho, Isabelle Waleska Maldronato, Manuela Dolisnky, Gilson Teles Boaventura, Vilma Blondet, Sergio Girão Barroso, Carlos Alberto Soares da Costa, Gabrielle De Souza Rocha
INTRODUCTION: intake of diets with high saturated fat may produce deleterious effects on bone mineralization. Lifestyle changes help reduce the bone loss observed in osteoporosis. Resveratrol, present in grape juice and red wine, has osteogenic and osteoinductive effects, being potentially beneficial for bone health. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the effects of red grape juice, red wine and resveratrol consumption on bone parameters in Wistar rats submitted to a high-fat diet and physical training...
October 27, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742202/chemistry-inspired-by-the-colors-of-fruits-flowers-and-wine
#3
Frank H Quina, Erick L Bastos
An overview is provided of the status of research at the frontiers of investigation of the chemistry and photochemistry of two classes of natural plant pigments, the anthocyanins and the betalains, as well as of the pyranoanthocyanin pigments formed from anthocyanins during the maturation of red wine. Together, anthocyanins and betalains are responsible for almost all of the red, purple and blue colors of fruits and flowers and anthocyanins and pyranoanthocyanins are major contributors to the color of red wines...
2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642557/a-mediterranean-diet-model-in-australia-strategies-for-translating-the-traditional-mediterranean-diet-into-a-multicultural-setting
#4
Elena S George, Teagan Kucianski, Hannah L Mayr, George Moschonis, Audrey C Tierney, Catherine Itsiopoulos
Substantial evidence supports the effect of the Mediterranean Diet (MD) for managing chronic diseases, although trials have been primarily conducted in Mediterranean populations. The efficacy and feasibility of the Mediterranean dietary pattern for the management of chronic diseases has not been extensively evaluated in non-Mediterranean settings. This paper aims to describe the development of a MD model that complies with principles of the traditional MD applied in a multiethnic context. Optimal macronutrient and food-based composition was defined, and a two-week menu was devised incorporating traditional ingredients with evidence based on improvements in chronic disease management...
April 9, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642422/chemical-characterization-of-an-encapsulated-red-wine-powder-and-its-effects-on-neuronal-cells
#5
Diego Rocha-Parra, Jorge Chirife, Clara Zamora, Sonia de Pascual-Teresa
Red wine polyphenols are known for their implications for human health protection, although they suffer from high instability. For this reason, a red wine powder was prepared by freeze-drying encapsulation in maltodextrin/arabic gum matrix, and its composition was determined by means of high-performance liquid chromatography coupled quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS-QTOF). More than thirty polyphenols, including anthocyanins, flavanols, flavonols, phenolic acids and stilbenoids, were identified...
April 7, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601267/performance-of-purified-grape-pomace-as-a-fining-agent-to-reduce-the-levels-of-some-contaminants-from-wine
#6
María Dolores Jiménez-Martínez, Rocío Gil-Muñoz, Encarna Gómez-Plaza, Ana Belén Bautista-Ortín
The quality of red wine depends on the absence of compounds which may affect its safety and/or stability such as ochratoxin A, biogenic amines and some metals and trace compounds. The presence of ochratoxin A in musts and wines is due to fungal contamination of the grapes and has been classified as a possible human carcinogen. Biogenic amines are formed by the microbiological descarboxylation of the corresponding amino acid precursors during the fermentation or aging and storage, and, at high concentrations, they may induce adverse reactions in sensitive people...
March 30, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587406/characterization-of-phenolic-compounds-in-wine-lees
#7
Ye Zhijing, Amin Shavandi, Roland Harrison, Alaa El-Din A Bekhit
The effect of vinification techniques on phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity of wine lees are poorly understood. The present study investigated the antioxidant activity of white and red wine lees generated at early fermentation and during aging. In this study, the total phenol content (TPC), total tannin content (TTC), mean degree of polymerization (mDP), and antioxidant activities of five white and eight red wine lees samples from different vinification backgrounds were determined. The results showed that vinification techniques had a significant ( p < 0...
March 25, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580945/bioavailability-and-pharmacokinetic-profile-of-grape-pomace-phenolic-compounds-in-humans
#8
Fabio Castello, Giuseppina Costabile, Letizia Bresciani, Michele Tassotti, Daniele Naviglio, Delia Luongo, Paola Ciciola, Marilena Vitale, Claudia Vetrani, Gianni Galaverna, Furio Brighenti, Rosalba Giacco, Daniele Del Rio, Pedro Mena
Grape pomace, the major byproduct of the wine and juice industry, is a relevant source of bioactive phenolic compounds. However, polyphenol bioavailability in humans is not well understood, and the inter-individual variability in the production of phenolic metabolites has not been comprehensively assessed to date. The pharmacokinetic and excretive profiles of phenolic metabolites after the acute administration of a drink made from red grape pomace was here investigated in ten volunteers. A total of 35 and 28 phenolic metabolites were quantified in urine and plasma, respectively...
March 23, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570025/effect-of-tooth-whitening-procedures-on-stained-composite-resins
#9
J W Reinhardt, M M Balbierz, C M Schultz, B Simetich, M W Beatty
In this laboratory study, a composite resin was stained to a visibly discernible level using both coffee and red wine over 14 days (change was considered clinically noticeable and significant when ΔEab *≥2.7). Color change was measured at one, three, seven, and 14 days of staining. Although the nature of color change was different for the two staining solutions, the overall degree of staining (ΔEab *) rendered by either coffee or wine at each time interval was not significantly different ( p≥0.05). Four whitening protocols were applied to stained composites...
March 23, 2018: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548794/potential-mechanisms-underlying-cardiovascular-protection-by-polyphenols-role-of-the-endothelium
#10
Min-Ho Oak, Cyril Auger, Eugenia Belcastro, Sin-Hee Park, Hyun-Ho Lee, Valérie B Schini-Kerth
Epidemiological studies have indicated that regular intake of polyphenol-rich diets such as red wine and tea, are associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. The beneficial effect of polyphenol-rich products has been attributable, at least in part, to their direct action on the endothelial function. Indeed, polyphenols from tea, grapes, cacao, berries, and plants have been shown to activate endothelial cells to increase the formation of potent vasoprotective factors including nitric oxide (NO) and to delay endothelial ageing...
March 13, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542127/benchmarking-laboratory-scale-pomegranate-vinegar-against-commercial-wine-vinegars-antioxidant-activity-and-chemical-composition
#11
S Kharchoufi, J Gomez, C Lasanta, R Castro, F Sainz, M Hamdi
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in the beneficial health effects of certain fruits, such as pomegranate, and their by-products, like vinegar. Vinegars contain antioxidant compounds such as polyphenols, which can scavenge free radicals in the body. In this study, the antioxidant properties (ABTS and DPPH scavenging capacities) and global polyphenolic composition of a new functional product, namely a pomegranate vinegar produced in the laboratory from the Gabsi variety, were evaluated and compared with those of commercial wine vinegars (Sherry and Rioja red wine Spanish vinegars)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518928/smart-winery-a-real-time-monitoring-system-for-structural-health-and-ullage-in-fino-style-wine-casks
#12
Eduardo Cañete, Jaime Chen, Cristian Martín, Bartolomé Rubio
The rapid development in low-cost sensor and wireless communication technology has made it possible for a large number of devices to coexist and exchange information autonomously. It has been predicted that a substantial number of devices will be able to exchange and provide information about an environment with the goal of improving our lives, under the well-known paradigm of the Internet of Things (IoT). One of the main applications of these kinds of devices is the monitoring of scenarios. In order to improve the current wine elaboration process, this paper presents a real-time monitoring system to supervise the status of wine casks...
March 7, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495642/meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-foods-and-derived-products-containing-ellagitannins-and-anthocyanins-on-cardiometabolic-biomarkers-analysis-of-factors-influencing-variability-of-the-individual-responses
#13
REVIEW
María-Teresa García-Conesa, Karen Chambers, Emilie Combet, Paula Pinto, Mar Garcia-Aloy, Cristina Andrés-Lacueva, Sonia de Pascual-Teresa, Pedro Mena, Alekxandra Konic Ristic, Wendy J Hollands, Paul A Kroon, Ana Rodríguez-Mateos, Geoffrey Istas, Christos A Kontogiorgis, Dilip K Rai, Eileen R Gibney, Christine Morand, Juan Carlos Espín, Antonio González-Sarrías
Understanding interindividual variability in response to dietary polyphenols remains essential to elucidate their effects on cardiometabolic disease development. A meta-analysis of 128 randomized clinical trials was conducted to investigate the effects of berries and red grapes/wine as sources of anthocyanins and of nuts and pomegranate as sources of ellagitannins on a range of cardiometabolic risk biomarkers. The potential influence of various demographic and lifestyle factors on the variability in the response to these products were explored...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495598/potential-health-benefits-of-olive-oil-and-plant-polyphenols
#14
REVIEW
Monika Gorzynik-Debicka, Paulina Przychodzen, Francesco Cappello, Alicja Kuban-Jankowska, Antonella Marino Gammazza, Narcyz Knap, Michal Wozniak, Magdalena Gorska-Ponikowska
Beneficial effects of natural plant polyphenols on the human body have been evaluated in a number of scientific research projects. Bioactive polyphenols are natural compounds of various chemical structures. Their sources are mostly fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds, roots, bark, leaves of different plants, herbs, whole grain products, processed foods (dark chocolate), as well as tea, coffee, and red wine. Polyphenols are believed to reduce morbidity and/or slow down the development of cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases as well as cancer...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485285/an-ultrahigh-performance-liquid-chromatography-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-metabolomic-approach-to-studying-the-impact-of-moderate-red-wine-consumption-on-urinary-metabolome
#15
Adelaida Esteban-Fernández, Clara Ibañez, Carolina Simó, Begoña Bartolomé, M Victoria Moreno-Arribas
Moderate red-wine consumption has been widely described to exert several benefits in human health. This is mainly due to its unique content of bioactive polyphenols, which suffer several modifications along their pass through the digestive system, including microbial transformation in the colon and phase-II metabolism, until they are finally excreted in urine and feces. To determine the impact of moderate wine consumption in the overall urinary metabolome of healthy volunteers ( n = 41), samples from a red-wine interventional study (250 mL/day, 28 days) were investigated...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464948/inhibition-of-oral-pathogens-adhesion-to-human-gingival-fibroblasts-by-wine-polyphenols-alone-and-in-combination-with-an-oral-probiotic
#16
Adelaida Esteban-Fernández, Irene Zorraquín-Peña, Maria D Ferrer, Alex Mira, Begoña Bartolomé, Dolores González de Llano, M Victoria Moreno-Arribas
Several benefits have been described for red wine polyphenols and probiotic strains in the promotion of colonic metabolism and health. On the contrary, knowledge about their role in the management of oral health is still scarce. In this work, the antiadhesive capacity of selected red wine polyphenols and oenological extracts against the oral pathogens Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Streptococcus mutans in an in vitro model of human gingival fibroblasts has been explored as well as their complementary action with the candidate oral probiotic Streptococcus dentisani...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458056/alcohol-and-cv-health-jekyll-and-hyde-j-curves
#17
REVIEW
Evan L O'Keefe, James J Di Nicolantonio, James H O'Keefe, Carl J Lavie
A routine of light or moderate alcohol consumption (≤1 drink/day for women and 1 to 2 drinks/day for men) were associated with a lower risk for all-cause mortality, coronary artery disease (CAD), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), heart failure (HF), and stroke. Conversely, heavy drinking, (>4 drinks/day) is associated with an increased risk for death and cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD). Excessive alcohol intake trails behind only smoking and obesity among the 3 leading causes of premature deaths in the United States (US)...
February 16, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412921/profiling-wines-in-china-for-the-biogenic-amines-a-nationwide-survey-and-pharmacokinetic-fate-modelling
#18
Runhui Ke, Zongsu Wei, Christian Bogdal, Recep Kaya Göktaş, Ruiyang Xiao
Biogenic amines (BAs), a class of nitrogenous compounds that are frequently detected in wine, pose adverse effects to humans. However, with the largest red wine consumption in the world, little is known about national profiles correlating BAs in wines to toxicological/health risks in China. In this study, we conducted a nationwide survey of commercially available wines for the occurrence of BAs. Our sampling campaign covered >90% of wine brands (n = 456) in China in a three year span (2014-2016). The target BAs included tryptamine, phenylethylamine, putrescine, cadaverine, histamine, tyramine, spermidine and spermine...
June 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389638/predominant-mycotoxins-mycotoxigenic-fungi-and-climate-change-related-to-wine
#19
REVIEW
R Russell M Paterson, Armando Venâncio, Nelson Lima, Michèle Guilloux-Bénatier, Sandrine Rousseaux
Wine is a significant contributor to the economies of many countries. However, the commodity can become contaminated with mycotoxins produced by certain fungi. Most information on mycotoxins in wine is from Spain, Italy and France. Grapes can be infected by mycotoxigenic fungi, of which Aspergillus carbonarius producing ochratoxin A (OTA) is of highest concern. Climate is the most important factor in determining contamination once the fungi are established, with high temperatures being a major factor for OTA contamination: OTA in wine is at higher concentrations in warmer southern Europe than northern...
January 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371621/molecular-mechanism-of-resveratrol-s-lipid-membrane-protection
#20
Qinqin Fei, David Kent, Wesley M Botello-Smith, Fariah Nur, Saadia Nur, Abdelaziz Alsamarah, Payal Chatterjee, Maria Lambros, Yun Luo
Resveratrol, a natural compound found in red wine and various vegetables, has drawn increasing interest due to its reported benefit in cardiovascular protection, neurodegenerative disorders, and cancer therapy. The mechanism by which resveratrol exerts such pleiotropic effects remains unclear. It remains as one of the most discussed polyphenol compounds in the debating "French Paradox". In this study, using molecular dynamics simulations of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) bilayer with resveratrol, we generated a free energy map of resveratrol's location and orientation of inside the lipid bilayer...
January 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
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