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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656260/racial-ethnic-differences-in-the-treatment-of-adolescent-major-depressive-disorders-mdd-across-healthcare-providers-participating-in-the-medicaid-program
#1
Aylin Yucel, Ekere J Essien, Swarnava Sanyal, Osaro Mgbere, Rajender R Aparasu, Vinod S Bhatara, Joy P Alonzo, Hua Chen
BACKGROUND: To examine whether racial/ethnic differences in receipt of MDD treatment could be explained by the specialty of provider diagnosing the adolescent. METHOD: Adolescents (10-20 years-old) with ≥2 MDD diagnoses were identified using 2005-2007 Medicaid data from Texas. Patients were categorized based on the types of provider who gave the initial MDD diagnosis (psychiatrist (PSY-I), social worker/psychologist (SWP-I), and primary care physician (PCP-I))...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608089/reflections-from-the-book-and-media-reviews-editor-dr-william-b-gunn-jr
#2
William B Gunn
In this article, editor William B. Gunn, Jr. states that this will be his last issue as the Book and Media Reviews editor for Families, Systems, and Health . He summarizes his 10-year role and states how it provided him with a window to watch the rapid development of the field of collaborative, relationship-focused, integrated health care. With this current issue, he hands over the role as editor to Kent Corso, Psy.D., who is a licensed clinical health psychologist working in the field of integrated primary care since 2005...
March 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558271/phytoremediation-of-petroleum-contaminated-soil-by-salicornia-from-psy-activity-to-physiological-and-morphological-communications
#3
Tayebe Abdollahzadeh, Ali Niazi, Ali Moghadam, Zohreh Heydarian, Reza Ghasemi-Fasaei, Elina Kaviani, Neda Pourdad
Petroleum compounds are considered as one of the critical environmental pollutants. Salicornia can grow in petroleum-contaminated soil. Therefore, the potential of two Iranian Salicornia species, S. persica Akhani and S. iranica Akhani, for phytoremediation of soils contaminated with 0.2% and 2% petroleum contaminations was evaluated over the short (1 and 10 h) and long (100 days) periods of time. In addition, some key factors involved in phytoremediation including the expression analysis of phytoene synthase, physiological and morphological factors were studied...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545815/strigolactone-levels-in-dicot-roots-are-determined-by-an-ancestral-symbiosis-regulated-clade-of-the-phytoene-synthase-gene-family
#4
Ron Stauder, Ralf Welsch, Maurizio Camagna, Wouter Kohlen, Gerd U Balcke, Alain Tissier, Michael H Walter
Strigolactones (SLs) are apocarotenoid phytohormones synthesized from carotenoid precursors. They are produced most abundantly in roots for exudation into the rhizosphere to cope with mineral nutrient starvation through support of root symbionts. Abscisic acid (ABA) is another apocarotenoid phytohormone synthesized in roots, which is involved in responses to abiotic stress. Typically low carotenoid levels in roots raise the issue of precursor supply for the biosynthesis of these two apocarotenoids in this organ...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527127/buddhism-christianity-and-psychotherapy-a-three-way-conversation-in-the-mid-twentieth-century
#5
Christopher Harding
This article explores the scope of 'religion-psy dialogue' in the mid-twentieth century, via a case study from Japan: Kosawa Heisaku, a Buddhist psychoanalyst based in Tokyo. By putting this case study in brief comparative perspective, with the conversation that took place in 1965 between Paul Tillich and Carl Rogers, the article discusses both the promise and the pitfalls of the modern and contemporary world of 'religion-psy dialogue', alongside the means by which specialists in a variety of fields might investigate and hold it to account...
2018: European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509416/preparation-characterization-and-in-vitro-testing-of-nano-clay-antimicrobial-activities-and-elicitor-capacity
#6
Danila Merino, Andrea Yamila Mansilla, Claudia A Casalongué, Vera Alejandra Alvarez
Clay based nanocomposites (nano-clays) are interesting systems to hold a wide type of active substances with a wide field of industrial applications. Bentonite-Chitosan nano-clay was obtained via cationic exchange of natural bentonite (Bent) with an aqueous solution of chitosan (CS). Their physicochemical and morphological properties were discussed under the light of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Thermogravimetric analysis and Scanning electron microscopy. Bent-CS characterization indicated that CS was intercalated in a 10% w/w...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496148/the-netherlands-brain-bank-for-psychiatry
#7
Marleen C Rademaker, Geertje M de Lange, Saskia J M C Palmen
The Netherlands Brain Bank (NBB) performs rapid autopsies of donors who gave written informed consent during life for the use of their brain tissue and medical files for research. The NBB initiated the Netherlands Brain Bank for Psychiatry (NBB-Psy), a prospective donor program for psychiatric diseases. NBB-Psy wants to expand the tissue collections in order to provide a strong incentive to increase research in psychiatry. The ultimate goal of NBB-Psy is to reduce the burden of psychiatric disorders for patients, their families, and for society as a whole...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463773/the-citrus-transcription-factor-csmads6-modulates-carotenoid-metabolism-by-directly-regulating-carotenogenic-genes
#8
Su Wen Lu, Yin Zhang, Kaijie Zhu, Wei Yang, Jun Li Ye, Lijun Chai, Qiang Xu, Xiuxin Deng
Although remarkable progress has been made towards understanding carotenoid biosynthesis, the mechanisms that regulate the transcription of carotenogenic genes remain poorly understood. Lycopene β-cyclases (LCYb) are critical enzymes located at the branch point of the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway. Here, we used the promoter sequence of LCYb1 as bait in a yeast one-hybrid screen for promoter-binding proteins from sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). This screen identified a MADS transcription factor, CsMADS6, that was coordinately expressed with fruit development and coloration...
February 20, 2018: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411617/lonb-protease-is-a-novel-regulator-of-carotenogenesis-controlling-degradation-of-phytoene-synthase-in-haloferax-volcanii
#9
Micaela Cerletti, Roberto Paggi, Christian Troetschel, Maria Celeste Ferrari, Carina Ramallo Guevara, Stefan Albaum, Ansgar Poetsch, Rosana De Castro
The membrane protease LonB is an essential protein in the archaeon Haloferax volcanii and globally impacts its physiology. However, natural substrates of the archaeal Lon protease have not been identified. In this study the whole proteome turnover was examined in a H. volcanii LonB mutant under reduced and physiological protease levels. LC-MS/MS combined with stable isotope labeling was applied for the identification/quantitation of membrane and cytoplasm proteins. Differential synthesis and degradation rates were evidenced for 414 proteins in response to Lon expression...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404808/effects-of-different-growth-temperatures-on-growth-development-and-plastid-pigments-metabolism-of-tobacco-nicotiana-tabacum-l-plants
#10
Li Yun Yang, Shuang Long Yang, Jun Ying Li, Jun Hong Ma, Tao Pang, Cong Ming Zou, Bin He, Ming Gong
BACKGROUND: Temperature remarkably affects the growth and metabolism of plants. Tobacco is an important cash crop, and the long-term effects of different growth temperatures (18.5, 23.5 and 28.5 °C, daily average) on growth, development and plastid pigments metabolism of tobacco plants were investigated in this study. RESULTS: Compared with tobacco plants grown under 23.5 °C, treatments with 18.5 and 28.5 °C inhibited the expansion of leaves. The contents of superoxide anion (O 2·- ), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and malonaldehyde (MDA) in the leaves were significantly increased under 28...
February 5, 2018: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394270/establishment-of-an-arabidopsis-callus-system-to-study-the-interrelations-of-biosynthesis-degradation-and-accumulation-of-carotenoids
#11
Patrick Schaub, Marta Rodriguez-Franco, Christopher Ian Cazzonelli, Daniel Álvarez, Florian Wüst, Ralf Welsch
The net amounts of carotenoids accumulating in plant tissues are determined by the rates of biosynthesis and degradation. While biosynthesis is rate-limited by the activity of PHYTOENE SYNTHASE (PSY), carotenoid losses are caused by catabolic enzymatic and non-enzymatic degradation. We established a system based on non-green Arabidopsis callus which allowed investigating major determinants for high steady-state levels of β-carotene. Wild-type callus development was characterized by strong carotenoid degradation which was only marginally caused by the activity of carotenoid cleavage oxygenases...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386896/anxiety-and-depression-in-paradoxical-insomnia-a-case-control-study
#12
Jingping Liao, Shichao Zhu, Xiaolin Li
Purpose: To compare anxiety and depression among patients with paradoxical insomnia (Para-I), patients with psychophysiological insomnia (Psy-I), and normal sleepers (NS). Patients and methods: A cross-sectional case-control study was conducted in patients with Para-I (n=63), patients with Psy-I (n=63), and NS (n=63) from southwest China. The three groups were matched for age (mean age: 42.0±10.30 years), gender (per group: male =22; female =41), educational level, and nature of occupation...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384872/the-psychological-results-of-438-patients-with-persisting-gerd-symptoms-by-symptom-checklist-90-revised-scl-90-r-questionnaire
#13
Ping Li, Fei Wang, Guo-Zhong Ji, Lin Miao, Sihong You, Xia Chen
Persisting gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms affect mental state and social activities and mental disorders likewise play a crucial role on GERD symptoms. The aim of this study was to analyze the data of Symptom Checklist by 90-Revised (SCL-90-R) questionnaire in patients with persisting GERD symptom and to explore the impact of psychological factors on them.The patients accepted SCL-90-R questionnaire survey, following endoscopy, high-resolution manometry (HRM) and ambulatory impedance-pH monitoring...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379360/molecular-characterization-of-glucosinolates-and-carotenoid-biosynthetic-genes-in-chinese-cabbage-brassica-rapa-l-ssp-pekinensis
#14
Jin-Hyuk Chun, Na-Hyung Kim, Mi-Suk Seo, Mina Jin, Sang Un Park, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Sun-Ju Kim, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi
The present study aimed to investigate the contents of glucosinolates (GSLs) and carotenoids in eleven varieties of Chinese cabbage in relation to the expression level of the important transcription factors. MS and HPLC analysis identified the presence of 13 GSLs (progoitrin, sinigrin, glucoalyssin, gluconapoleiferin, gluconapin, glucocochlearin, glucobrassicanapin, glucoerucin, 4-hydroxyglucobrassicin, glucobrassicin, 4-methoxyglucobrassicin, neoglucobrassicin and gluconasturtiin) and four carotenoids (lutein, zeaxanthin, α -carotene and β -carotene)...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236807/the-ritualization-of-life-and-the-expansion-of-psy-cultures-in-colombia-the-local-and-the-barely-transnational
#15
Carlos Alberto Uribe
This paper exposes the status of psy cultures in Colombia. It is shown how the country's official health system has transformed biomedical psychiatry and cognitive behavioral psychology into the dominant and hegemonic psy culture. However, far from being hegemonic, as presented, both serve to foster and sustain the existence of different "religious" or "sacred" therapeutic systems and practices that denaturalize human existential and psychological suffering. In general, the latter are ritual practices with a strong spiritualist, anti-materialist and antimonist content, that deal freely with a wide range of cosmologies, beliefs and symbols, even including the same concepts and practices of a biomedical origin...
November 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236805/psychoanalysis-as-a-belief-system-a-research-program-outline
#16
Mariano Ben Plotkin
This article lays out an agenda for research on the establishment of psy cultures in Latin America. It begins by analyzing some of the debates on the nature of psychoanalysis, a discipline located between the sciences, philosophy and common sense. It argues that the place of psy cultures needs to be problematized as emerging out of modernity in a cultural space like Latin America, where the very concept of modernity differs greatly from that of central countries.
November 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216572/gene-expression-profiling-of-astaxanthin-and-fatty-acid-pathways-in-haematococcus-pluvialis-in-response-to-different-led-lighting-conditions
#17
Ruijuan Ma, Skye R Thomas-Hall, Elvis T Chua, Faisal Alsenani, Eladl Eltanahy, Michael E Netzel, Gabriele Netzel, Yinghua Lu, Peer M Schenk
Haematococcus pluvialis is a green microalga of major interest to industry based on its ability to produce large amounts of astaxanthin. Biosynthesis of astaxanthin and its mono- and di-esters was significantly stimulated under 150 μmol m-2 s-1 of white LED (W-150) compared with lower light intensities, but the highest astaxanthin amounts were produced under 70 μmol m-2 s-1 of blue LED (B-70). Transcripts of astaxanthin biosynthesis genes psy, crtO, and bkt2 were upregulated under W-150, while psy, lcy, crtO, and crtR-B were upregulated by B-70...
December 4, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201791/psychological-results-of-438-patients-with-persisting-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-symptoms-by-symptom-checklist-90-revised-questionnaire
#18
Xia Chen, Ping Li, Fei Wang, Guozhong Ji, Lin Miao, Sihong You
Aims and objectives: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) affects mental state and social activities. On the contrary, mental disorders may also play a crucial role in GERD symptoms. The purpose of the study was to analyze the data of Symptom Checklist 90-Revised (SCL-90-R) questionnaire from patients with persisting GERD and to explore the impact of psychological factors on them. Materials and methods: The patients accepted SCL-90-R questionnaire survey, following endoscopy, high-resolution manometry (HRM), and ambulatory impedance-pH monitoring...
July 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182721/molecular-mimicry-modulates-plant-host-responses-to-pathogens
#19
Pamela Ronald, Anna Joe
Background: Pathogens often secrete molecules that mimic those present in the plant host. Recent studies indicate that some of these molecules mimic plant hormones required for development and immunity. Scope and Conclusion: This Viewpoint reviews the literature on microbial molecules produced by plant pathogens that functionally mimic molecules present in the plant host. This article includes examples from nematodes, bacteria and fungi with emphasis on RaxX, a microbial protein produced by the bacterial pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv...
January 25, 2018: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172590/the-mediating-effect-of-family-cohesion-in-reducing-patient-symptoms-and-family-distress-in-a-culturally-informed-family-therapy-for-schizophrenia-a-parallel-process-latent-growth-model
#20
Caitlin A Brown, Amy Weisman de Mamani
OBJECTIVE: Although both patients with schizophrenia and their caregivers report elevated levels of depression, anxiety, and stress (DASS), affective symptoms in patients and family members seldom constitute a primary treatment focus. The present study tested whether a culturally informed family therapy for schizophrenia (CIT-S) outperformed standard family psychoeducation (PSY-ED) not only in decreasing patient schizophrenia symptoms, but also in decreasing individual DASS. Because CIT-S fostered family cohesion throughout treatment, we predicted that increases in family cohesion would mediate treatment effects...
January 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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