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Bacteria cary

Ivana Nedeljkovic, Kumiko Yoshihara, Jan De Munck, Wim Teughels, Bart Van Meerbeek, Kirsten L Van Landuyt
BACKGROUND: In spite of contradicting results, the high susceptibility of composites for secondary caries is still often associated with the bacterial growth-stimulating effect of released methacrylate monomers. However, most studies that showed this effect were performed with techniques having inherent limitations (spectrophotometry). OBJECTIVES: Therefore, our objective was to determine the effect of four methacrylate monomers (2-Hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA), ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA), diethylene glycol dimethacrylate (DEGDMA)) on the growth of two caries-associated bacteria, Streptococcus mutans and sobrinus, and one non-cariogenic species, Streptococcus sanguinis, using TaqMan quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to quantify bacterial DNA...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
F Femiano, R Femiano, L Femiano, A Jamilian, R Rullo, L Perillo
AIM: This review aims to summarise our understanding of the destructive role of acid environment and metalloproteinases in dentin caries progression using a review process. METHOD: The acids resulting from consumption of sugars by acidogenic and aciduric bacteria can cause demineralisation of the tooth surface, but are not able to cause caries-like lesions. The appearance of such lesions requires the activation of enzymatic proteolysis in an acidic environment for degradation of the dentin organic matrix, leading to cavity formation...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Yuan Wei, Wei Qiu, Xue-Dong Zhou, Xin Zheng, Ke-Ke Zhang, Shi-Da Wang, Yu-Qing Li, Lei Cheng, Ji-Yao Li, Xin Xu, Ming-Yun Li
D-alanine (D-Ala) is an essential amino acid that has a key role in bacterial cell wall synthesis. Alanine racemase (Alr) is a unique enzyme that interconverts L-alanine and D-alanine in most bacteria, making this enzyme a potential target for antimicrobial drug development. Streptococcus mutans is a major causative factor of dental caries. The factors involved in the survival, virulence and interspecies interactions of S. mutans could be exploited as potential targets for caries control. The current study aimed to investigate the physiological role of Alr in S...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Oral Science
A Gallacher, R Ali, S Bhakta
Dens invaginatus is a developmental malformation, in which there is an infolding of enamel into dentine. These infolds represent stagnation sites for bacteria and can predispose to dental caries. The carious infection can spread via enamel and dentine to contaminate the pulp and cause soft tissue necrosis. The altered and sometimes complex anatomy of affected teeth can make endodontic management challenging. Early diagnosis is therefore essential as prophylactic treatment of the dens can prevent degeneration and pulpal necrosis...
October 7, 2016: British Dental Journal
(no author information available yet)
'...questionable whether bacteria play a role in the initial stages of the degradation of the organic components of teeth.'
October 7, 2016: British Dental Journal
H Meyer-Lueckel, S Paris
The decrease in caries prevalence in many industrialized countries and the improved knowledge about the etiology and pathogenesis of caries have shifted the focus of caries therapy over the past decades toward less invasive approaches. Studies on caries progression indicate that it is generally quite slow in most patients today which should lead to a reconsideration of the practice of early invasive intervention. Today noninvasive (eg, fluorides) and microinvasive (occlusal sealing, proximal infiltration) therapeutic options that address etiological factors are gaining importance...
September 2016: Operative Dentistry
Fahimeh Rezazadeh, Abdollah Bazargani, Jamshid Roozbeh-Shahroodi, Ali Pooladi, Peyman Arasteh, Khosro Zamani
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is associated with higher rates of caries, on the other hand some studies have shown that renal failure can be protective against dental caries. OBJECTIVES: In this study we compared oral Lactobacillus and Streptococcus mutans between diabetic dialysis and non-diabetic dialysis patients and the normal population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During November 2014 to January 2014, 85 people that referred to our medical care center entered the study...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
Fan Yu, Haohan Yu, Pingting Lin, Yan Dong, Ling Zhang, Xiang Sun, Zhengya Liu, Huihui Guo, Li Huang, Jihua Chen
Resin-based pit-and-fissure sealants are often used to form a barrier on the occlusal surface of molars to treat caries lesions; however, bacteria can remain in the pit and fissures without detection, increasing the risk of secondary caries. Sealants with antimicrobial properties or microbial repellent actions might be advantageous. The aim of this study was to assess the inhibitory effect of a 2-methacryloxylethyl dodecyl methyl ammonium bromide (MAE-DB)-incorporated sealant against Streptococcus mutans. MAE-DB (4% wt) was incorporated into a commercially available sealant, Eco-S resin-based pit-and-fissure sealant (Vericom Co...
2016: PloS One
A M Salem, S J Jones, I R Ellis, R G Chadwick
AIMS: Placement of a restoration to treat root caries disrupts many tissues. There is scope for the restorative material to interact with these to augment reductions in micro leakage afforded by an adhesive restorative material. OBJECTIVES: 1) To investigate the effects of incorporating bioactive molecules into a glass polyalkenoate (GPA) 2) To quantify the changes in physical properties of the material. METHODS: Biocompatibility of the GPA cement (Chemfil Superior, Dentsply De Trey, Konstanz, Germany) in unmodified and modified forms was ascertained using cell culture techniques...
November 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Li Huang, Fan Yu, Xiang Sun, Yan Dong, Ping-Ting Lin, Hao-Han Yu, Yu-Hong Xiao, Zhi-Guo Chai, Xiao-Dong Xing, Ji-Hua Chen
Resins with strong and long-lasting antibacterial properties are critical for the prevention of secondary dental caries. In this study, we evaluated the antibacterial effect and the underlying mechanism of action of an unfilled resin incorporating 2-methacryloxylethyl hexadecyl methyl ammonium bromide (MAE-HB) against Streptococcus mutans UA159 (S. mutans UA159). MAE-HB was added into unfilled resin at 10 mass%, and unfilled resin without MAE-HB served as the control. Bacterial growth was inhibited on 10%-MAE-HB unfilled resin compared with the control at 1 d, 7 d, 30 d, or 180 d (P < 0...
2016: Scientific Reports
Shanshan Liu, Ye Tao, Lixia Yu, Peilin Zhuang, Qinghui Zhi, Yan Zhou, Huancai Lin
Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) is the major clinical pathogen responsible for dental caries. Its acid tolerance has been identified as a significant virulence factor for its survival and cariogenicity in acidic conditions. Small RNAs (sRNAs) are recognized as key regulators of virulence and stress adaptation. Here, we constructed three libraries of sRNAs with small size exposed to acidic conditions for the first time, followed by verification using qRT-PCR. The levels of two sRNAs and target genes predicted to be bioinformatically related to acid tolerance were further evaluated under different acid stress conditions (pH 7...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ji-Eun Jung, Jian-Na Cai, Sung-Dae Cho, Kwang-Yeob Song, Jae-Gyu Jeon
Despite the widespread use of fluoride for the prevention of dental caries, few studies have demonstrated the effects of fluoride on the bacterial composition of dental biofilms. This study investigated whether fluoride affects the proportion of Streptococcus mutans and S. oralis in mono- and dual-species biofilm models, via microbiological, biochemical, and confocal fluorescence microscope studies. Fluoride did not affect the bacterial count and bio-volume of S. mutans and S. oralis in mono-species biofilms, except for the 24-h-old S...
October 2016: Biofouling
Naile Dame-Teixeira, Clarissa Cavalcanti Fatturi Parolo, Marisa Maltz, Aradhna Tugnait, Deirdre Devine, Thuy Do
BACKGROUND: The studies of the distribution of Actinomyces spp. on carious and non-carious root surfaces have not been able to confirm the association of these bacteria with root caries, although they were extensively implicated as a prime suspect in root caries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to observe the gene expression of Actinomyces spp. in the microbiota of root surfaces with and without caries. DESIGN: The oral biofilms from exposed sound root surface (SRS; n=10) and active root caries (RC; n=30) samples were collected...
2016: Journal of Oral Microbiology
Peter de Cock, Kauko Mäkinen, Eino Honkala, Mare Saag, Elke Kennepohl, Alex Eapen
Objective. To provide a comprehensive overview of published evidence on the impact of erythritol, a noncaloric polyol bulk sweetener, on oral health. Methods. A literature review was conducted regarding the potential effects of erythritol on dental plaque (biofilm), dental caries, and periodontal therapy. The efficacy of erythritol on oral health was compared with xylitol and sorbitol. Results. Erythritol effectively decreased weight of dental plaque and adherence of common streptococcal oral bacteria to tooth surfaces, inhibited growth and activity of associated bacteria like S...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
Karsten Henne, Antonia-Patricia Gunesch, Carolin Walther, Hendrik Meyer-Lueckel, Georg Conrads, Marcella Esteves-Oliveira
Dental caries is a multifactorial disease with many associated microbial taxa, but only a few are notably contributing to acidogenicity. The ribosome number and the corresponding 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) concentration are considered a molecular indicator for general metabolic activity of bacteria, as they are elevated with increased anabolic and catabolic activities. We hypothesize that the activity of aciduric/acidogenic bacterial taxa, reflected by a rise in ribosomal counts, could resolve differences between plaque biofilm from sound surfaces and caries lesions...
2016: Caries Research
Magdalena Janczarek, Teresa Bachanek, Elżbieta Mazur, Renata Chałas
The dynamic development of knowledge in the field of probiotics was commenced at the beginning of the 20th century. Since then, many ways of their possible usage in medicine have been established. In accordance with the WHO, probiotics are live microorganisms, which if applied in adequate amounts may benefit the host. Among probiotics, fungi and bacteria are distinguished, and mechanisms of action of these organisms in the oral cavity and gut are parallel. Application in dentistry, in prophylaxis and treatment of oral diseases is still not well known...
2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Barbara Hohensinn, Renate Haselgrübler, Ulrike Müller, Verena Stadlbauer, Peter Lanzerstorfer, Gerald Lirk, Otmar Höglinger, Julian Weghuber
BACKGROUND: Dietary inorganic nitrate (NO3(-)) and its reduced forms nitrite (NO2(-)) and nitric oxide (NO), respectively, are of critical importance for host defense in the oral cavity. High concentrations of salivary nitrate are linked to a lower prevalence of caries due to growth inhibition of cariogenic bacteria. OBJECTIVE: In-vitro studies suggest that the formation of antimicrobial NO results in an increase of the pH preventing erosion of tooth enamel. The purpose of this study was to prove this effect in-vivo...
September 1, 2016: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Samim A Al-Dabbagh, Huda J Qasim, Nadia A Al-Derzi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of Salvadora persica (Miswak) products on cariogenic bacteria in comparison with ordinary toothpaste.  METHODS: The study was conducted in Zakho city, Kurdistan region, Iraq during the period from October 2013 to January 2014. A randomized controlled clinical trial of 40 students randomly allocated into 4 groups. They were instructed to use Mismark toothpaste, Miswak mouthwash, and ordinary toothpaste with water or with normal saline...
September 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
S Fabbri, D A Johnston, A Rmaile, B Gottenbos, M De Jager, M Aspiras, E M Starke, M T Ward, P Stoodley
Streptococcus mutans in dental plaque biofilms play a role in caries development. The biofilm's complex structure enhances the resistance to antimicrobial agents by limiting the transport of active agents inside the biofilm. The authors assessed the ability of high-velocity water microsprays to enhance delivery of antimicrobials into 3-d-old S. mutans biofilms. Biofilms were exposed to a 90° or 30° impact, first using a 1-µm tracer bead solution (10(9) beads/mL) and, second, a 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) or 0...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
Che Chunxiao, Jiang Keyu, Ma Yuanyuan, Zeng Sa, Zhou Jianye, Li Zhiqiang, He Xiangyi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the biological characteristics of a human specifically targeted antimi- crobial peptide C16LL-37 against Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans). METHODS: In this study, an antimicrobial peptide LL-37, a peptide derived from CSP(C16) (S. mutans competence stimulating peptide), and recombinant peptide C16LL-37 were synthesized by Fmoc-chemistry-based strategy. The selectivity and antibacterial activity of C16LL-37 were identified by the colony counting method on microbial culture plates...
June 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
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