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Bacteria cary

Yan Liu, Ling Zhang, Li-Na Niu, Tao Yu, Hockin H K Xu, Michael D Weir, Thomas W Oates, Franklin R Tay, Ji-Hua Chen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the bonding performance, antibacterial activity, and remineralization effect on enamel of the orthodontic adhesive containing MAE-DB and NACP. METHODS: Eighty non-carious human premolars were divided into 3 groups: Transbond XT (TB), PEHB + 5% MAE-DB (PD), and PEHB + 40% NACP + 5% MAE-DB (PND). Premolars were bonded with orthodontic brackets, the first subgroup (n = 10) and the second subgroup (n = 10) were subjected to shear bond strength testing after immersed in water for 1 day and in demineralization solution for 28 days respectively and then tested surface roughness, while the third subgroup (n = 6) was used for microhardness evaluation after aged in demineralization solution for 28 days...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Fariza Abrão, Jessica A Alves, Gessica Andrade, Pollyanna F de Oliveira, Sérgio R Ambrósio, Rodrigo C S Veneziani, Denise C Tavares, Jairo K Bastos, Carlos H G Martins
This study evaluates the antibacterial activity of the Copaifera duckei Dwyer oleoresin and two isolated compounds [eperu-8(20)-15,18-dioic acid and polyalthic acid] against bacteria involved in primary endodontic infections and dental caries and assesses the cytotoxic effect of these substances against a normal cell line. MIC and MBC assays pointed out the most promising metabolites for further studies on bactericidal kinetics, antibiofilm activity, and synergistic antibacterial action. The oleoresin and polyalthic acid but not eperu-8(20)-15,18-dioic provided encouraging MIC and MBC results at concentrations lower than 100 μg mL-1 ...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Maher Bourbia, Yoav Finer
The use of resin composites and adhesives in dental restorations is ubiquitous. However, the longevity of resin composites is less than that of comparable restorative materials, mainly because of higher fracture rates and greater prevalence of secondary caries. Dental resin composites and adhesives contain ester links, which are vulnerable to biochemical hydrolysis by esterase activity from human saliva and bacteria. In this article, we review biodegradation processes that occur in the oral cavity and their contribution to the premature failure of resin composites...
January 2018: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
Pratick Khara, Saswat Sourav Mohapatra, Indranil Biswas
Streptococcus mutans, the primary aetiological agent of dental caries, is one of the major bacteria of the human oral cavity. The pathogenicity of this bacterium is attributed not only to the expression of virulence factors, but also to its ability to respond and adapt rapidly to the ever-changing conditions of the oral cavity. The two-component signal transduction system (TCS) CovR/S plays a crucial role in virulence and stress response in many streptococci. Surprisingly, in S. mutans the response regulator CovR appears to be an orphan, as the cognate sensor kinase, CovS, is absent in all the strains...
March 5, 2018: Microbiology
Meng Zhang, Yuqiao Zheng, Yuhong Li, Han Jiang, Yuping Huang, Minquan Du
Acid resistance is one of key properties assisting the survival of cariogenic bacteria in a dental caries environment, but only a few genes conferring acid resistance have been identified to data. Functional metagenomics provides a systematic method for investigating commensal DNA to identify genes that encode target functions. Here, the host strain Escherichia coli DH10B and a constructed bidirectional transcription vector pSKII+ -lacZ contributed to the construction of a metagenomic library, and 46.6 Mb of metagenomic DNA was cloned from carious supragingival plaque of 8children along with screening for lethal functionality...
2018: Journal of Oral Microbiology
Xanthippi Chatzistavrou, Anna Lefkelidou, Lambrini Papadopoulou, Eleni Pavlidou, Konstantinos M Paraskevopoulos, J Christopher Fenno, Susan Flannagan, Carlos González-Cabezas, Nikos Kotsanos, Petros Papagerakis
Aim: Antimicrobial and bioactive restorative materials are needed to develop a bacteria free environment and tight bond with the surrounding tissue, preventing the spread of secondary caries and thus extending the lifetime of dental restorations. The characteristic properties of new dental bioactive and antibacterial composites are presented in this work. The new composites have been microstructurally characterized and both long and short term properties have been studied. Methods: The Ag-doped sol-gel derived bioactive glass (Ag-BG) was incorporated into resin composite in concentrations 5, 10, and 15 wt...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Marsha A Voelker, Kimberly S Bray, Sally A Elledge, Julie Sutton, JoAnna M Scott
Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of an antigen-specific Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) chairside test to a culture based S. mutans test. Methods: Fifty-three patients receiving dental hygiene care at the University of Missouri-Kansas City, School of Dentistry were enrolled in the study. Stimulated saliva was collected from the patients and utilized for both bacteria tests. The antigen-specific test was compared to the culture-based bacteria test and to a caries risk assessment measuring sensitivity and specificity...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Bo Huang, Walter Siqueira, Dennis G Cvitkovitch, Yoav Finer
OBJECTIVES: To identify and characterize specific esterases from S. mutans with degradative activity toward methacrylate-based resin monomers. METHODS: Out of several putative esterases, an esterase encoded in an Open Reading Frame as SMU_118c (The National Center for Biotechnology Information, NCBI), was found to have true hydrolase activities. SMU_118c was cloned, expressed, purified and further characterized for its respective hydrolytic activity towards ester-containing nitrophenyl substrates and the universal resin monomers bis-phenyl-glycidyl-dimethacrylate (bisGMA) and triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) at neutral (7...
February 26, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Gary Alex
Among the goals of pulp capping are to manage bacteria, arrest caries progression, stimulate pulp cells to form new dentin, and produce a durable seal that protects the pulp complex. This article will provide a general discussion of direct and indirect pulp capping procedures, offering practitioners a pragmatic and science-based clinical protocol for treatment of vital pulp exposures. A clinical case will be presented in which a novel light-cured resin-modified mineral trioxide aggregate hybrid material was used to manage a mechanical vital pulp exposure that occurred during deep caries excavation...
March 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Teresa Marggraf, Petra Ganas, Sebastian Paris, Falk Schwendicke
Sealing can arrest caries lesions. We aimed to evaluate if sealing effects and kinetics are bacterial-strain and sealing-material specific. Human dentin discs were mounted in a dual-chamber device. Caries lesions were induced chemically and contaminated with either Lactobacillus rhamnosus (LR) or Streptococcus sobrinus (SS). For (1) kinetics assessment, the initial bacterial load and the sealing period were varied, and lesions sealed using a self-etch adhesive and composite. For (2) comparing materials, six sealing protocols (#1-#6) were evaluated: 1# Self-etch adhesive plus composite placed without a liner, or #2 calcium hydroxide, or #3 mineral trioxide aggregate, or #4 Biodentine liners; #5 antibacterial adhesive plus composite; #6 glass ionomer cement...
February 28, 2018: Scientific Reports
Wenling Zhang, Xiaohong Deng, Xuedong Zhou, Yuqing Hao, Yuqing Li
Dental caries is a chronic progressive disease occurring in the tooth hard tissue due to multiple factors, in which bacteria are the initial cause. Both Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguinis are main members of oral biofilm. Helicobacter pylori may also be detected in dental plaque, playing an important role in the development of dental caries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of H. pylori culture supernatant on S. mutans and S. sanguinis dual-species biofilm and to evaluate its potential ability on affecting dental health...
2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Beatriz Martines de Souza, Constantino Fernandes Neto, Priscila Maria Aranda Salomão, Layla Reginna Silva Munhoz de Vasconcelos, Flaviana Bombarda de Andrade, Ana Carolina Magalhães
Titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4) is known for interacting with enamel reducing demineralization. However, no information is available about its potential antimicrobial effect. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the antimicrobial and anti-caries potential of TiF4 varnish compared to NaF varnish, chlorhexidine gel (positive control), placebo varnish and untreated (negative controls) using a dental microcosm biofilm model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A microcosm biofilm was produced on bovine enamel previously treated with the varnishes, using inoculum from human saliva mixed with McBain saliva, under 0...
2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Azam Bakhshandeh, Isabela Floriano, Mariana Minatel Braga, Kristine Arnholdt Thorlacius, Kim Rud Ekstrand
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the relation between the radiographical depth of approximal lesions and the presence of bacteria in the dentine in posterior teeth in both dentitions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sample 1 consisted of 34 approximal lesions in primary molars in children aged 5-7 years old. Sample 2 consisted of 48 approximal lesions in molars and premolars in adult patients aged 18-67 years old. All lesions were in need of restorative treatment according to the dentists...
February 27, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Thomas Thurnheer, Georgios N Belibasakis
OBJECTIVE: Fluoride is widely used as an anti-caries agent, e.g. in toothpastes and mouth rinses. However, the nature of the anti-caries action is not entirely clear. Mechanisms suspected to explain the cariostatic effect include inhibitory effects on acid formation by bacteria, inhibition of extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) production, inhibition of enamel demineralization and enhancement of remineralizaton or combination thereof. The aim of this study was to examine with the supragingival Zurich in vitro biofilm model the effect of fluoride in NaF formulation, on the microbiota and on demineralization...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
H S Sancakli, S H Siso, S O Yildiz, Y B Gökçe
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial surface pretreatment methods against Streptococcus mutans within the infected dentin surface using a tooth cavity model. Material and Methods: Seventy-two cavities were prepared on caries-free third molars (n = 8). After sterilization, teeth were inoculated with S. mutans for 48 h. One cavity of each tooth was used to evaluate the infection. Following inoculation, infected cavity surfaces were treated either with (1) Er:YAG Laser (1W; 5x5s, Smart 2940D Plus, Deka Laser), (2) Ozone (80s; HealOzone, Kavo), (3) ErYAG-Ozone combination, (4) Er:YAG-Ozone-CHX combination, (5) Chlorhexidine (CHX), (6) Clearfil Protect Bond (PB), (7) potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP) Laser (1W; 60 s, SMARTLITE D, Deka Laser), (8) KTP-Ozone combination, and (9) KTP-Ozone-CHX...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
F Carinci, M Martinelli, M Contaldo, R Santoro, F Pezzetti, D Lauritano, V Candotto, D Mucchi, A Palmieri, A Tagliabue, L Tettamanti
Infective endocarditis is a devastating disease with high morbidity and mortality. The link to oral bacteria has been known for many decades and has caused ongoing concern for dentists, patients and cardiologists. The microbiota of the mouth is extremely diverse and more than 700 bacterial species have been detected. Half of them are uncultivable so far. Oral microbiota is not uniform, specific sites exist in the mouth such as tongue, palate, cheek, teeth and periodontal pockets that have their own microbiota...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Suda Chakthong, Rangsima Ampaprom, Sakawduen Inparn, Uraiwan Phetkul, Sasitorn Chusri, Surasak Limsuwan, Supayang Piyawan Voravuthikunchai
A new alkylamide, named (2E,6E,8E)-N-(2-methylpropyl)-10-oxo-2,6,8-decatrienamide (1), together with 22 known compounds (2-23), were isolated from the stems of Zanthoxylum nitidum. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy. The isolated compounds exhibited slightly antioxidant activities through DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging assays but showed no antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans ATCC2517, a dental caries causing bacteria.
February 19, 2018: Natural Product Research
N Philip, B Suneja, L Walsh
Aetiological concepts of dental caries have evolved over the years from being considered as a disease initiated by nonspecific microorganisms, to being regarded as an 'infectious' disease caused by specific bacteria, to the current paradigms that emphasise a 'mixed bacterial-ecological approach' as being responsible for lesion initiation and pathogenesis. These aetiological paradigms are not just intellectual concepts but have important implications on how clinicians manage this age-old disease in the twenty-first century...
February 16, 2018: British Dental Journal
Robert C Shields, Lin Zeng, David J Culp, Robert A Burne
Transposon mutagenesis coupled with next-generation DNA sequencing (Tn-seq) is a powerful tool for discovering regions of the genome that are required for the survival of bacteria in different environments. We adapted this technique to the dental caries pathogen Streptococcus mutans UA159 and identified 11% of the genome as essential, with many genes encoding products required for replication, translation, lipid metabolism, and cell wall biogenesis. Comparison of the essential genome of S. mutans UA159 with those of selected other streptococci for which such information is available revealed several metabolic pathways and genes that are required in S...
January 2018: MSphere
V Naveen Kumar, Madhuram Krishnamurthy, Saravanan Poorni, Shankargouda Patil, A Thirumal Raj
Past few decades have seen a significant increase in the prevalence of dental caries at a global scale. To reduce the pervasiveness of cariogenic microflora, various efforts have been undertaken. However, completely eradicating caries-associated microorganisms has been futile. 1 Endogenous bacteria, such as Lactobacillus species, Streptococcus mutans, and Streptococcus sobrinus persisting in biofilms ferment carbohydrate and produce weak organic acids as by-products. This, in turn, results in a drop in the local pH well below the critical level, resulting in demineralization of tooth...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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