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silver nano particle

Ziqiu Tong, Gayathri Rajeev, Keying Guo, Angela Ivask, Scott McCormick, Enzo Lombi, Craig Priest, Nicolas H Voelcker
With the advances in nanotechnology, particles with various size, shape, surface chemistry and composition can be easily produced. Nano- and microparticles have been extensively explored in many industrial and clinical applications. Ensuring that the particles themselves are not possessing any toxic effects to the biological system is of paramount importance. This paper describes a proof of concept method in which a microfluidic system is used in conjunction with a cell microarray technique aiming to streamline the analysis of particle-cell interaction in a high throughput manner...
March 2, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Ming Liu, Rong Xiang, Yaerim Lee, Keigo Otsuka, Ya-Lun Ho, Taiki Inoue, Shohei Chiashi, Jean-Jacques Delaunay, Shigeo Maruyama
We present a systematic study on the fabrication, characterization and high temperature surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) performance of SiO2 coated silver nanoparticles (Ag@SiO2 ) on a flat substrate, aiming to obtain a thermally robust SERS substrate for monitoring high temperature reactions. We confirm that a 10-15 nm SiO2 coating provides a structure stability up to 900 °C without significantly sacrificing the enhancement factor, while the uncoated particle cannot retain the SERS effect above 500 °C...
March 1, 2018: Nanoscale
Mina Amirsoleimani, Mohammad A Khalilzadeh, Fatemeh Sadeghifar, Hasan Sadeghifar
Starch nanocrystal was prepared using weak sulfuric acid hydrolysis at 40 °C. Transmission electron micrographs of dilute suspensions of starch nanocrystals showed round particles with a diameter ranging from 20 to 40 nm. SEM of freeze dried samples showed separated particles between 40 and 100 nm and confirmed production of starch nano particles. XRD patterns obtained for the prepared nanostarch and raw starch sample showed no special pattern of crystallinity for starch sample. Extracted nanostarch showed pattern of crystallinity with the peaks at Bragg angles (2θ) at about 15° and 23°, and a doublet at 17° and 18°...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Ji-Hyun Kim, Sang-Won Park, Hyun-Pil Lim, Chan Park, Kwi-Dug Yun
The major failure of dental restorations is caused by dental caries by S. mutans. This study evaluated the effect of nanosized silver ions in feldspathic porcelain on cytotoxicity and antimicrobial activity. The control group was feldspathic porcelain (Noritake EX-3, Kuraray Noritake Dental Inc., Japan) that did not contain Ag (silver). The experimental groups were feldspathic porcelain mixed with colloidal solutions of nanosized silver ions in mixtures of 5% 10%, 20%, 30%. Cell activity assays evaluated with osteoblast hFOB 1...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Guanhui Gao, Lingwei Wang, Peng Yang, Liang Huang, Xiaobin Xie, Jingsong Wu, Chen Qiu, Lintao Cai
We developed a facile and green bio-inspired strategy to fabricate silver nano-particles growth in-situ on different scaffolds materials, building novel heterostructures for promoting their antibacterial activities and durability. Firstly, fluorinated graphene oxide (FGO) nanosheets, layered molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), and layered tungsten disulfide (WS2) were exfoliated by chemical liquid with intense sonication. And silicon dioxide (SiO2) nano-spheres were prepared via wet chemical method. Then, silver nanoparticles were grown onto those surfaces of layered nanosheets and nano-spheres, hybridizing three dimensional hetero-architectures...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Mavlavi Dustov, Diana I Golovina, Alexander Yu Polyakov, Anastasia E Goldt, Andrei A Eliseev, Efim A Kolesnikov, Irina V Sukhorukova, Dmitry V Shtansky, Wolfgang Grünert, Anastasia V Grigorieva
A new reactive ink based on a silver citrate complex is proposed for a photochemical route to surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy active substrates with controllable extinction spectra. The drop-cast test of the ink reveals homogeneous nucleation of silver and colloid particle growth originating directly from photochemical in situ reduction in droplets, while the following evaporation of the deposited ink produces small nano- and micron-size particles. The prepared nanostructures and substrates were accurately characterized by electron microscopy methods and optical extinction spectroscopy...
February 9, 2018: Sensors
Sabine Juling, Linda Böhmert, Dajana Lichtenstein, Axel Oberemm, Otto Creutzenberg, Andreas F Thünemann, Albert Braeuning, Alfonso Lampen
The presence of nano-scaled particles in food and food-related products has drawn attention to the oral uptake of nanoparticles and their interactions with biological systems. In the present study, we used a toxicoproteomics approach to allow for the untargeted experimental identification and comparative analysis of cellular responses in rat liver after repeated-dose treatment with silver nanoparticles, ions, and the coating matrix used for particle stabilization. The proteomic analysis revealed treatment-related effects caused by exposure to silver in particulate and ionic form...
February 3, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Jeffrey E Melzer, Euan McLeod
Optical tweezers are a non-contact method of 3D positioning applicable to the fields of micro- and nano-manipulation and assembly, among others. In these applications, the ability to manipulate particles over relatively long distances at high speed is essential in determining overall process efficiency and throughput. In order to maximize manipulation speeds, it is necessary to increase the trapping laser power, which is often accompanied by undesirable heating effects due to material absorption. As such, the majority of previous studies focus primarily on trapping large dielectric microspheres using slow movement speeds at low laser powers, over relatively short translation distances...
February 5, 2018: ACS Nano
Akash Sharma, Brian Gorey, Alan Casey
Nanoparticles use in nano-biotechnology applications have increased significantly with Aminated polystyrene amine (AmPs NP), Zinc oxide (ZnO NP), and Silver (Ag NP) nanoparticles utilized in wide variety of consumer products. This has presented a number of concerns due to their increased exposure risks and associated toxicity on living systems. Changes in the structural and physicochemical properties of nanoparticles can lead to changes in biological activities. This study investigates, compares, and contrasts the potential toxicity of AmPs, ZnO and Ag NPs on an in vitro model (HeLa cells) and assesses the associated mechanism for their corresponding cytotoxicity relative to the surface material...
January 23, 2018: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
Jayesh M Dhalani, Pankaj B Nariya
The present review reveals a comprehensive description of various pharmacological studies carried out on Leptadenia reticulata, a source of several active compounds, i.e. Leptadenia reticulata plant belonging to family Asclepiadaceae, it is also known as 'Jivanti', used for the treatment of various ailments in human civilization as well as used in folk medicine as a remedy in various reported herbal formulations. The plant has been found to exhibit diverse pharmacological activities like antibacterial activity, anticancer activity, lactogenic eff ect, antioxidant activity, anti-implantation activity, anti-asthmatic activity, modulating eff ect, activity of silver nano particles, hepatoprotective activity, antifungal activity, antidiabetic activity and anti-infl ammatory activity...
December 20, 2017: Folia Medica
Masood Moein, Abbas Ali Imani Fooladi, Hamideh Mahmoodzadeh Hosseini
Bacteriocins are low molecular weight substances produced through post transcriptional changes. These molecules are easily degraded in mammalian gut by proteolytic enzymes especially protease. Nisin is a peptide with 34 aa and its structure contains a pentacyclic lanthionine and 4 beta metyllanthionine residues. Different formulations have been designed for nisin. Since "green synthesis" is a progressive method to prepare anti-microbial and anti-cancer compounds, this study aimed at green synthesis of nisin metal compounds to be used lower concentration still exerting nisin effects...
December 11, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
H Ramshini, A-S Moghaddasi, L-S Aldaghi, N Mollania, A Ebrahim-Habibi
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic degenerative disease characterized by the presence of amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), which results into memory and learning impairments. In the present study, we showed that the aggregates formed by a protein that has no link with Alzheimer's disease, namely the hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL), were cytotoxic and decreased spatial learning and memory in rats. The effect of Ag-nano particles (Ag-NPs) was investigated on disruption of amyloid aggregation and preservation of cognitive behavior of rats...
December 8, 2017: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
Shuting Liang, Wei Rao, Kai Song, Jing Liu
Liquid metal (LM) is of core interest for a wide variety of newly emerging areas. However, the functional materials thus made so far by LM only could display a single silver-white appearance. In this study, colorful LM marbles working like a transformable biomimetic robot were proposed for the first time and fabricated from LM droplets through encasing them with fluorescent nanoparticles. We demonstrated that this unique LM marble can be manipulated into various stable magnificent appearances as one desires and then split and merge among different colors...
January 17, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Patrick E J Saloga, Claudia Kästner, Andreas F Thünemann
Reaction procedures have been improved to achieve higher yields and shorter reaction times: one possibility is the usage of microwave reactors. In the literature, this is under discussion, for example, nonthermal effects resulting from the microwave radiation are claimed. Especially for the synthesis of nanomaterials, it is of crucial importance to be aware of influences on the reaction pathway. Therefore, we compare the syntheses of ultra-small silver nanoparticles via conventional and microwave heating. We employed a versatile one-pot polyol synthesis of poly(acrylic acid)-stabilized silver nanoparticles, which display superior catalytic properties...
January 9, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Vivek Ahluwalia, Sasikumar Elumalai, Vinod Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, Rajender Singh Sangwan
In the present study, green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) is demonstrated using medicinal herb Swertia paniculata extract. The plant extract acted both as reducing and capping agents during synthesis process, where silver nitrate was used as silver source. Subsequent analysis revealed that particles had size range between 31 and 44 nm and were spherical in shape. Among reaction parameters, temperature and time had significantly influenced the synthesis reaction. Also, synthesized nanoparticles were found stable up to 90 days...
January 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Fatemeh Lavaee, Kiana Faez, Kioumars Faez, Nahal Hadi, Farzan Modaresi
PURPOSE: To compare the antimicrobial effects of chlorhexidine, penicillin, erythromycin, clindamycin, tetracycline and vancomycin with silver, titanium dioxide and iron nanoparticles and also to consider the synergistic antibacterial and antibiofilm effects of nanoparticles in clinical and standard strains of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguinis. METHODS: The specimens collected from 66 3-5 year-old children with detected S. mutans and S. sanguinis by PCR were then exposed to the antimicrobial activity of chlorhexidine, penicillin, erythromycin, clindamycin, tetracycline and vancomycin with silver, titanium dioxide and iron nanoparticles measured by microdilution and disc diffusion tests and the colony counted after 1 to 5 minutes...
December 2016: American Journal of Dentistry
Dong Yang, Jingjing Zhao, Jiafu Shi, Xueyan Wang, Shaohua Zhang, Zhongyi Jiang
Graphene-based materials with hierarchical structures and multifunctionality have gained much interest in a variety of applications. Herein, we report a facile, yet universal approach to prepare graphene-based composite cellular foams (GCCFs) through combination of redox assembly and biomimetic mineralization enabled by cationic polymers. Specifically, cationic polymers (e.g., polyethyleneimine, lysozyme, etc.) could not only reduce and simultaneously assemble graphene oxide (GO) into cellular foams but also confer the cellular foams with mineralization-inducing capability, enabling the formation of inorganic nanoparticles (e...
December 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
S Mahadevan, S Vijayakumar, P Arulmozhi
In the present study deals with the green synthesis of silver nano particles from methanolic leaf extracts of Atalantia monophylla. The synthesized nano-particles are characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, PL, FTIR, XRD, SEM with EDAX and TEM. The nano-particles are indicated in absorption peak at 404 nm in the absorption spectrum. Further micro graphical analysis confirmed the average size was estimated about 35 nm and SEAD pattern authorized well crystalline materials. The FTIR studies help to confirm the functional group of synthesized silver nano particles...
December 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
Valerie Aurore, Fabienne Caldana, Marianne Blanchard, Solange Kharoubi Hess, Nils Lannes, Pierre-Yves Mantel, Luis Filgueira, Michael Walch
Bone infections are difficult to treat and can lead to severe tissue destruction. Acute bone infections are usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Osteoclasts, which belong to the monocyte/macrophage lineage, are the key cells in bone infections. They are not well equipped for killing bacteria and may serve as a reservoir for bacterial pathogens. Silver has been known for centuries for its bactericidal activity. Here, we investigated the bactericidal effects of nano-silver particles in bacteria infected human osteoclasts...
February 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
S H S Dananjaya, D C M Kulatunga, G I Godahewa, Chamilani Nikapitiya, Chulhong Oh, Madurani Edussuriya, Jehee Lee, Mahanama De Zoysa
Abstract: Development of nanostructured films using natural polymers and metals has become a considerable interest in various biomedical applications. Objective of the present study was to develop silver nano particles (AgNPs) embedded chitosan films with antimicrobial properties. Based on the Ag content, two types of chitosan silver nano films, named as CAgNfs-12 (12 mM) and CAgNfs-52 (52 mM) were prepared and characterized. Field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) images of two CAgNfs showed the circular AgNPs, which were uniformly embedded and distributed in the matrix of chitosan films...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Microbiology
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