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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914157/-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-type-1-diabetic-patients-treated-with-insulin-pump
#1
Rosana Garcia, Ana Coelho, Anabela Paula, Manuel Marques Ferreira, Francisco Caramelo, Luísa Barros, Carla Batista, Miguel Melo, Mário Jorge Silva, Eunice Carrilho
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 diabetes mellitus and oral health are strictly related on a reciprocal basis, and an increased susceptibility to a wide variety of oral diseases is recognised in these patients. The aim of the present study was to establish a relationship between the prevalence of dental caries in Type 1 diabetic patients treated with insulin pump and that of non-diabetic patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational clinical study of analytical and cross-sectional nature was conducted...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911406/ultrasound-guided-botulinum-toxin-a-injections-a-method-of-treating-sialorrhea
#2
Pierangelo Barbero, Marco Busso, Carlo Alberto Artusi, Stefania De Mercanti, Marco Tinivella, Andrea Veltri, Luca Durelli, Marinella Clerico
Neurological diseases can be complicated by sialorrhea, an excessive flow of saliva. Patients suffering from moderate to severe sialorrhea have an impaired quality of life, often worsened by correlated complications such as aspiration pneumonia, oral infections, dental caries, and maceration of the skin. Diverse therapeutic approaches have been proposed for the treatment of sialorrhea, including surgery and the use of anticholinergic agents, with limited results and the possible occurrence of serious adverse events...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904519/mind-conduct-disorders-in-children-with-poor-oral-hygiene-habits-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-with-excessive-tooth-decay
#3
Onur Burak Dursun, Fatih Şengül, İbrahim Selçuk Esin, Tevfik Demirci, Nermin Yücel, Mehmet Melih Ömezli
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and poor oral hygiene are among the major childhood public health problems. Although dental research frequently refers to the link between these conditions and behavioural issues, little attention has been paid to understanding the reason for oral health problems from a psychiatric point of view. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between poor oral health and hygiene and parental attitudes towards child rearing, parents' and children's oral hygiene behaviours, and childhood psychiatric disorders...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901203/case-control-study-examining-the-impact-of-oral-health-problems-on-the-quality-of-life-of-the-families-of-preschoolers
#4
Ramon Targino Firmino, Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Raquel Gonçalves Vieira-Andrade, Carolina Castro Martins, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of dental caries, traumatic dental injuries (TDI), toothaches, and malocclusion on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the families of Brazilian preschool children. A population-based, matched case-control study involving 415 pre-schoolers aged 3-5 years was conducted. The case (impact on OHRQoL) and control groups (no impact on OHRQoL) were matched for age, gender, and family income at an 1:4 ratio. Impact on the OHRQoL of a family was assessed using the Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS)...
November 28, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898426/maternal-depression-increases-childhood-dental-caries-a-cohort-study-in-brazil
#5
Gabriela Dos Santos Pinto, Luciana de Ávila Quevedo, Marcos Britto Correa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
AIM: To investigate the relationship between maternal depression and childhood caries in a cohort of adolescent mothers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study nested in a cohort evaluated a sample of 538 mother/child dyads. When the children were 24-36 months of age, data regarding oral health from children and mothers were collected by clinical dental examination. A mother's major depressive disorder was assessed by using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI [Plus]), at the current moment...
November 30, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898021/salivary-microbiome-diversity-in-caries-free-and-caries-affected-children
#6
Shan Jiang, Xiaoli Gao, Lijian Jin, Edward C M Lo
Dental caries (tooth decay) is an infectious disease. Its etiology is not fully understood from the microbiological perspective. This study characterizes the diversity of microbial flora in the saliva of children with and without dental caries. Children (3-4 years old) with caries (n = 20) and without caries (n = 20) were recruited. Unstimulated saliva (2 mL) was collected from each child and the total microbial genomic DNA was extracted. DNA amplicons of the V3-V4 hypervariable region of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene were generated and subjected to Illumina Miseq sequencing...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896484/oral-health-status-and-need-for-oral-care-of-care-dependent-indwelling-elderly-from-admission-to-death
#7
Arie R Hoeksema, Lilian L Peters, Gerry M Raghoebar, Henny J A Meijer, Arjan Vissink, Anita Visser
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to assess oral health and oral status of elderly patients newly admitted to a nursing home from admission until death. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Oral health, oral status, need for dental care, cooperation with dental treatment, and given dental care were assessed by two geriatric dentists in all new long-stay patients (n = 725) admitted to a nursing home between January 2009 and December 2013. All patients were followed from admission until death or until they left the nursing home...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896212/effect-of-slow-forced-eruption-on-the-vertical-levels-of-the-interproximal-bone-and-papilla-and-the-width-of-the-alveolar-ridge
#8
Eun-Young Kwon, Ju-Youn Lee, Jeomil Choi
OBJECTIVE: Forced eruption has been proposed for the reconstruction of deficient bone and soft tissue. The aim of this study was to examine the changes in the alveolar ridge width and the vertical levels of the interproximal bone and papilla following forced eruption. METHODS: Patients whose hopeless maxillary anterior teeth were expected to undergo severe bone resorption and soft tissue recession upon extraction were recruited. In addition, patients whose maxillary anterior teeth required forced eruption for restoration due to tooth fracture or dental caries were included...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894112/association-of-mbl2-gene-polymorphism-with-dental-caries-in-saudi-children
#9
Yousef M Alyousef, J Francis Borgio, Sayed AbdulAzeez, Naif Al-Masoud, Ali A Al-Ali, Emad Al-Shwaimi, Amein K Al-Ali
The high prevalence of dental caries in children worldwide is a major oral health problem which requires early intervention. Dental caries is mainly caused by the action of acids produced by bacteria in addition to many other factors. Recent genetic studies have reported that a number of genes are associated with the susceptibility to dental caries. The majority of these genes are associated with inflammation, increased susceptibility to infection, and dentine matrix formation. Using the TaqMan assay and direct DNA sequencing, the prevalence of 6 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in MMP9, MBL2, MMP2, and TIMP2 genes was determined in 102 children with caries and in 100 age-matched caries-free controls...
November 29, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892627/withdrawn-pulp-management-for-caries-in-adults-maintaining-pulp-vitality
#10
REVIEW
Hiroshi Miyashita, Helen V Worthington, Alison Qualtrough, Alphons Plasschaert
BACKGROUND: There is a range of treatment options for the management of the pulp in extensively decayed teeth. These include direct and indirect pulp capping, pulpotomy or pulpectomy. If the tooth is symptomatic or if there are periapical bone changes, then endodontic treatment is required. However, if the tooth is asymptomatic but the caries is extensive, there is no consensus as to the best method of management. In addition, there has been a recent move towards using alternative materials and methods such as the direct or indirect placement of bonding agents and mineral trioxide aggregate...
November 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891457/prevalence-of-dental-caries-among-primary-school-children-of-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Anand Hiremath, Vikneshan Murugaboopathy, Anil V Ankola, Mamata Hebbal, Suganya Mohandoss, Pratibha Pastay
INTRODUCTION: In India, the trend indicates an increase in oral health problems especially dental caries, which has been consistently increasing both in prevalence and in severity. Children of all age groups are affected by dental caries. It becomes imperative to collect the data on prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs to provide preventive care. AIM: To assess the prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs of 6-11years old Indian school children...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891447/oral-health-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-behaviour-among-secondary-school-children-in-chandigarh
#12
Anshu Blaggana, Vishaka Grover, Anjali, Anoop Kapoor, Vikram Blaggana, Renu Tanwar, Harleen Kaur, Ryana Kaur Haneet
INTRODUCTION: Oral health knowledge is considered to be an essential prerequisite for health-related practices and better oral health. Healthy practices adopted at young age are more sustainable. AIM: Present cross-sectional exploratory study was planned to assess oral health knowledge and practices of secondary school students in Chandigarh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was under-taken amongst 1027 secondary level school students, in Chandigarh, India...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891311/comparison-of-antibacterial-efficacy-of-coconut-oil-and-chlorhexidine-on-streptococcus-mutans-an-in-vivo-study
#13
Faizal C Peedikayil, Vimal Remy, Seena John, T P Chandru, Prathima Sreenivasan, Gufran Ahmed Bijapur
AIMS: Streptococcus mutans is the most common organism causing dental caries. Various chemotherapeutic agents are available that help in treating the bacteria, with each having their own merits and demerits. Recent research has shown that coconut oil has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial action. Therefore, the present was conducted to determine the antibacterial efficacy of coconut oil and to compare it with chlorhexidine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of fifty female children aged 8-12 years were included in the study...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891308/comparative-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-fluoride-varnish-and-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-in-reducing-streptococcus-mutans-counts-in-dental-plaque-of-children-an-in-vivo-study
#14
Shweta Chandak, Ashish Bhondey, Amit Bhardwaj, Jitesh Pimpale, Manisha Chandwani
AIM: To assess the comparative efficacy of fluoride varnish and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) complex visa viz. Streptococcus mutans in plaque, and thereby the role that these two agents could play in the prevention of dental caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cluster sample of 120 caries inactive individuals belonging to moderate and high caries risk group were selected from 3-5-year-old age group based on the criteria given by Krassee and were randomized to four groups, namely, fluoride varnish - Group I, CPP-ACP complex - Group II, mixture of CPP-ACP complex -Gourp III, and fluoride and routine oral hygiene procedures as control - Group IV...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891303/constructing-public-health-policies-in-post-crisis-countries-lessons-to-learn-from-the-associations-between-free-sugars-consumption-and-diabetes-obesity-and-dental-caries-before-during-and-after-sanctions-in-iraq
#15
E Joury, R Al-Kaabi, Anwar R Tappuni
BACKGROUND: This article aims to provide evidence for an informed public health policy on free-sugar consumption in post-crisis countries. METHODS: Iraq was selected as a case study. A systematic search for published data on the prevalence/incidence of type-2 diabetes, overweight/obesity, dental caries and free-sugar consumption levels in Iraq was conducted using MEDLINE, the Iraqi Academic Scientific journals and relevant international organisations' websites. Comparable data before (1980-1990), during (1991-2002) and after (2003-2015) the United Nations sanctions (UNS) were included...
2016: Zeitschrift Für Gesundheitswissenschaften, Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891302/epidemiology-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-from-an-oral-perspective
#16
REVIEW
Anne Isine Bolstad, Kathrine Skarstein
Oral symptoms are among the most distressing manifestations for patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS). The feeling of dry mouth is unpleasant, and hyposalivation may contribute to difficulty in speaking, chewing and swallowing and reduced quality of life. Reduced salivary flow increases the risk for dental caries and problems with prosthetic replacement. It seems that SS is not as frequently occurring as previously anticipated. Population-based prevalence studies on primary SS in Europe, conducted on large background populations and in accordance with the AECG criteria, reported of a prevalence of 1-9 cases per 10,000 people...
2016: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890003/biofilm-mediated-antibiotic-resistant-oral-bacterial
#17
Indu Lata Kanwar, Abhishek Kumar Sah, Preeti K Suresh
Oral diseases like dental caries and periodontal disease are directly associated with the capability of bacteria to form biofilm. Periodontal diseases have been associated to anaerobic Gram-negative bacteria forming a subgingival plaque (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Actinobacillus, Prevotella and Fusobacterium). Biofilm is a complex bacterial community that is highly resistant to antibiotics and human immunity. Biofilm communities are the causative agents of biological developments such as dental caries, periodontitis, and peri-implantitis, and causing periodontal tissue breakdown...
November 24, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889775/vitamin-d-receptor-taqi-gene-polymorphism-and-dental-caries-in-czech-children
#18
Lydie Izakovicova Holla, Petra Borilova Linhartova, Jakub Kastovsky, Michaela Bartosova, Kristina Musilova, Lubomir Kukla, Martina Kukletova
AIM: We analyzed the VDR TaqI (rs731236) gene polymorphism in children with and those without dental caries. METHODS: A total of 388 subjects, 153 caries-free (with decayed/missing/filled teeth [DMFT] = 0) and 235 children with dental caries (DMFT ≥1), were genotyped by the TaqMan method. RESULTS: Although no significant differences in VDR TaqI allele and genotype frequencies between caries-free and caries-affected children were detected, a significant association between this polymorphism and gingivitis was found (p < 0...
November 26, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889605/posterior-composites-update-on-cavities-and-filling-techniques
#19
J Sabbagh, R J McConnell, M Clancy McConnell
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to examine cavity design for posterior resin composite restorations and to discuss various resin composite filling techniques. DATA: Literature with regard to cavity preparation for amalgam and resin composite restorations has been reviewed. An overview of available bulkfill resin composite systems is provided and a categorization of these systems according to their clinical application and their intended use is outlined. SOURCES: A literature search was carried out by the authors in Medline...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887789/relationship-between-caries-body-mass-index-and-social-class-in-spanish-children
#20
Teresa Almerich-Torres, José María Montiel-Company, Carlos Bellot-Arcís, José Manuel Almerich-Silla
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between caries, body mass index (BMI) and social class in child population of the Valencia region (Spain) at 6, 12 and 15 years, and study. METHODS: In a cross sectional study of 1326 children aged 6 (n=488), 12 (n=409) and 15 years (n=433) who took part in the 2010 Oral Health Survey of the Valencia region, the ICDAS II criteria were employed for diagnosing and coding all the teeth examined. The quantitative BMI values on a continuous scale were grouped into 3 categories (normal weight, overweight, obese) based on a table adjusted for age and gender...
November 22, 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
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