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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429483/management-of-periodontal-health-in-children-pediatric-dentistry-and-periodontology-interface
#1
REVIEW
Bernadette K Drummond, Michael G Brosnan, Jonathan W Leichter
The oral health of children and adolescents mirrors their general health. Because oral health care is often delivered in isolation from general health care, oral signs and symptoms do not always alert practitioners to their significance beyond the mouth. An important example of this is the association of a higher risk of dental caries and periodontal disease in children and adolescents with overweight, obesity and prediabetic conditions. Oral-health practitioners need to consider the health conditions that their patients may have...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428574/the-oral-health-of-individuals-with-dental-phobia-a-multivariate-analysis-of-the-adult-dental-health-survey-2009
#2
E Heidari, M Andiappan, A Banerjee, J T Newton
Background Adults with dental phobia have been reported to have poorer oral health and oral health-related quality of life. The aim of this study is to explore the social and demographic correlates of oral health and oral health-related quality of life (OH-QoL) of people with dental phobia compared to the non-phobic population in the United Kingdom using the data from Adult Dental Health Survey (ADHS, 2009).Method Secondary analysis of data from the ADHS, 2009. A series of logistic regression analyses was performed with outcome measures of: presence of decayed teeth; presence of missing teeth; pulp exposure ulceration fistula abscess (PUFA) score; periodontal health indices (plaque, bleeding and loss of attachments); and quality of life (oral health impact profile [OHIP14] and oral impacts on daily performance [OIDP])...
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426028/-groping-in-the-dark-unheard-pain-2
#3
D J F Lambregts-van Marrewijk
For a very severely mentally disabled, deaf and blind man, it was always very difficult to carry out dental check-ups, diagnosis and treatment, even with pharmacologic support. The man cannot communicate pain. When caries and calculus were diagnosed, the man was treated under general anaesthesia. During this treatment session he was also found to have severe periodontal disease and peri-apical problems. The legal representative of the patient was unavailable for consultation on changes to the pre-prepared preliminary treatment plan...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425972/the-impact-of-hyposalivation-on-quality-of-life-qol-and-oral-health-in-the-aging-population-of-al-madinah-al-munawarrah
#4
Mohammad S Ahmad, Ahmed Bhayat, Muhammad Sohail Zafar, Khalid H Al-Samadani
Hyposalivation (HS) affects aging individuals by causing pain and discomfort in the oral cavity. The aim here was to determine the impact of hyposalivation and the saliva pH on the quality of life and caries status of geriatrics population. A total of 138 male outpatients attending the Taibah University College of Dentistry (TUCoD) dental clinic were included in the study. The saliva flow, pH, Quality of Life (QoL), and caries status were recorded. The QoL was measured using the Arabic version of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14), and the caries status was recorded using the Decayed, Missed, Filled Teeth (DMFT) index...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422591/effect-of-papacarie-and-alternative-restorative-treatment-on-pain-reaction-during-caries-removal-among-children-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Amg Abdul Khalek, M A Elkateb, W E Abdel Aziz, M El Tantawi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of Papacarie and Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) on pain and discomfort during caries removal among children. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty healthy, 4-8 year-old children were equally and randomly allocated to Papacarie and ART to remove caries from decayed primary teeth. A randomized, controlled, blinded, two parallel-arms clinical trial was conducted in the clinic of the Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health Department, Alexandria University, Egypt in March 2014...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422359/clinical-evaluation-of-indirect-particle-filled-composite-resin-cad-cam-partial-crowns-after-24-months
#6
Moritz Zimmermann, Christina Koller, Marcel Reymus, Albert Mehl, Reinhard Hickel
PURPOSE: Resin-based CAD/CAM compound materials might be promising for single-tooth restorations. Insufficient clinical data are available for this new material class. The purpose of this study was to describe initial clinical in vivo results for indirect particle-filled composite resin CAD/CAM restorations after 24 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Indirect particle-filled composite resin restorations were fabricated with a CAD/CAM method (CEREC Bluecam intraoral scanner, CEREC MCXL milling unit) by calibrated dental students...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418412/-the-family-s-influence-on-the-oral-health-of-children-a-peek-behind-the-front-door
#7
D Duijster, C van Loveren
The prevention of dental caries seems fairly easy. The disease can largely be avoided by the daily removal of dental plaque using fluoride toothpaste and the control of sugary intakes. Most parents have sufficient knowledge and motivation to adhere to this prevention advice with respect to their children. Actual practice, however, proves quite difficult because parents experience barriers in implementing the advice. This article provides an overview of the most important family-related factors that influence children's oral health behaviour and dental caries experience...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418411/-groping-in-the-dark-unheard-pain-2
#8
D J F Lambregts-van Marrewijk
For a very severely mentally disabled, deaf and blind man, it was always very difficult to carry out dental check-ups, diagnosis and treatment, even with pharmacologic support. The man cannot communicate pain. When caries and calculus were diagnosed, the man was treated under general anaesthesia. During this treatment session he was also found to have severe periodontal disease and peri-apical problems. The legal representative of the patient was unavailable for consultation on changes to the pre-prepared preliminary treatment plan...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417515/do-maternal-depression-and-anxiety-influence-children-s-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#9
Francine Dos Santos Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of depressive and anxiety symptoms in young mothers on their perception in relation to their children's oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Pelotas, Southern Brazil, and it was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers having their prenatal care in public health service, starting in 2008. When the children were aged 24-36 months, they and their mothers were interviewed and submitted to clinical examination by a trained team...
April 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417462/exploring-patient-satisfaction-levels-self-rated-oral-health-status-and-associated-variables-among-citizens-covered-for-dental-insurance-through-a-national-social-security-scheme-in-india
#10
Abhinav Singh, Bharathi M Purohit
OBJECTIVE: To assess patient satisfaction, self-rated oral health and associated factors, including periodontal status and dental caries, among patients covered for dental insurance through a National Social Security Scheme in New Delhi, India. METHOD: A total of 1,498 patients participated in the study. Satisfaction levels and self-rated oral-health scores were measured using a questionnaire comprising 12 closed-ended questions. Clinical data were collected using the Community Periodontal Index (CPI) and the decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index...
April 17, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415495/silver-sulfadiazine-immobilized-glass-as-antimicrobial-fillers-for-dental-restorative-materials
#11
Rohit Srivastava, Yuyu Sun
Bacterial colonization and biofilm formation on dental resin composites cause secondary caries that shortens the service life of dental restorative materials. In this study, commercial barium borosilicate based glass powders, fillers widely used in dental composites, were covalently immobilized with silver sulfadiazine to provide antimicrobial effects. The chemical reactions were followed by FT-IR study, elemental analysis, and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and the reaction pathway was confirmed by model compound studies...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414082/antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-on-streptococcus-mutans-is-altered-by-glucose-in-the-presence-of-methylene-blue-and-red-led
#12
Cintia R Lima Leal, Letícia H Alvarenga, Tamires Oliveira-Silva, Ilka T Kato, Bianca Godoy-Miranda, Sandra K Bussadori, Martha S Ribeiro, Renato A Prates
BACKGROUND: Dental caries are multifactorial disease and progressively produces tooth destruction as result from bacterial colonization of enamel surface, especially Streptococcus mutans. The objective of this work was to investigate the role of glucose in antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) on S. mutans. METHODS: S. mutans ATCC 25175 were cultured on microaerophilia at 37°C for 48h, and we tested aPDT in the presence of 50mM glucose. Bacterial suspension was used to investigate aPDT with 100μM methylene blue (MB) under LED emitting radiation at ʎ=660nm and parameters as following (P=473 mW; I=166...
April 13, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412792/-isolation-of-cariogenic-streptococcus-mutans-and-the-inhibitory-effect-of-egg-yolk-antibody-on-caries
#13
X L Li, Z Zhang, Z X Li, N J Deng, B Zeng, Y M Chen
Objective: To isolate the cariogenic Streptococcus mutans (Sm) strains and study the therapeutical effect of egg yolk antibody (IgY) of the Sm on dental caries development. Methods: Sm strains were isolated from the children's dental plaque samples. Morphological, biochemical and molecular biological methods were applied to identify the serotype, acid producing and adhesion abilities of isolated Sm strains. After inactivation one of the Sm strains was used as antigen to immune laying hens to collect and extract the specific anti-Sm IgY...
April 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412675/paired-observation-on-light-cured-composite-resin-and-nano-composite-resin-in-dental-caries-repair
#14
Tao Xiaoling, Muhammad Aqeel Ashraf, Zhao Yanyan
To compare the value of light-cured composite resin with that of nano-composite resin in dental caries repair. 88 patients taking dental caries repair in our hospital from May 2014 to April 2015 were selected, and divided into observation group and control group by coin method with 44 patients in each group. Nano-composite resin was used in observation group, while light-cured composite resin in control group. Then, the occurrence rates of odontohyperesthesia, aesthetic satisfaction with dental caries repair and complications were compared between two groups by visual analogue scale (VAS)...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407906/antioxidant-and-antibiofilm-activities-of-secondary-metabolites-from-ziziphus-jujuba-leaves-used-for-infusion-preparation
#15
Silvia Damiano, Martino Forino, Arpan De, Luca A Vitali, Giulio Lupidi, Orazio Taglialatela-Scafati
Ziziphus jujuba Mill., jujube, leaf infusions are popular bedtime beverages as they improve sleep by soothing the nerves. With the aim of providing further insights into the polyphenol content of jujube leaf infusion and their antioxidant activities, a 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)-guided purification of the aqueous extract of Z. jujuba Mill. leaves was conducted. Three major antioxidant polyphenols (i.e. quercitrin, catechin and gallocatechin) of the leaves were identified. In addition, a significant antibiofilm bioactivity against Streptococcus mutans, a causative agent of human dental caries, was detected for the aqueous leaf extract and its bio-guided separation resulted in the identification of the lupane triterpenoid alphitolic acid as the main antibiofilm metabolite...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407420/dental-biofilm-infections-an-update
#16
REVIEW
Tove Larsen, Nils-Erik Fiehn
Teeth are colonized by oral bacteria from saliva containing more than 700 different bacterial species. If removed regularly, the dental biofilm mainly comprises oral streptococci and is regarded as resident microflora. But if left undisturbed, a complex biofilm containing up to 100 bacterial species at a site will build up and may eventually cause development of disease. Depending on local ecological factors, the composition of the dental biofilm may vary considerably. With access to excess carbohydrates, the dental biofilm will be dominated by mainly gram-positive carbohydrate-fermenting bacteria causing demineralization of teeth, dental caries, which may further lead to inflammation and necrosis in the pulp and periapical region, i...
April 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407333/bioarchaeological-profile-of-stress-and-dental-disease-among-ancient-high-altitude-himalayan-communities-of-nepal
#17
Jacqueline T Eng, Mark Aldenderfer
OBJECTIVES: This study examines biological indicators of dental disease and nonspecific stress in human remains of three high altitude Himalayan archaeological sites to test whether shared ecological constraints led to similar bioarchaeological profiles in these markers. METHODS: Samples (n = 170) derive from three sites in Nepal dating to two periods (400-50 BCE and c. 400-650 CE). Dental diseases (caries, antemortem tooth loss, and abscesses) were assessed by both the number of individuals and the number of elements observed, while childhood stress markers included observation of growth disruptions (enamel hypoplasia and adult femur length/stature) and cranial porosities...
April 13, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404475/exploring-the-short-term-impact-of-community-water-fluoridation-cessation-on-children-s-dental-caries-a-natural-experiment-in-alberta-canada
#18
L McLaren, S Patterson, S Thawer, P Faris, D McNeil, M L Potestio, L Shwart
OBJECTIVES: Dental caries (tooth decay) is common and can be serious. Dental caries is preventable, and community water fluoridation is one means of prevention. There is limited current research on the implications of fluoridation cessation for children's dental caries. Our objective was to explore the short-term impact of community water fluoridation cessation on children's dental caries, by examining change in caries experience in population-based samples of schoolchildren in two Canadian cities, one that discontinued community water fluoridation and one that retained it...
February 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403796/riboswitches-as-potential-targets-for-the-development-of-anti-biofilm-drugs
#19
José A Reyes-Darias, Tino Krell
In nature, bacteria can exist as single motile cells or as sessile cellular community, known as microbial biofilms. Bacteria within biofilms are embedded in a self-produced extracellular matrix that makes them more resistant to antibiotic treatment and responses of the host immune system. Microbial biofilms are very important in medicine since they are associated with several human diseases such as dental caries, periodontitis, otitis media, infective endocarditis, infectious kidney stones, osteomyelitis or prostatitis...
April 7, 2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401067/a-nuclease-from-streptococcus-mutans-facilitates-biofilm-dispersal-and-escape-from-killing-by-neutrophil-extracellular-traps
#20
Jia Liu, Luping Sun, Wei Liu, Lihong Guo, Zhaohui Liu, Xi Wei, Junqi Ling
Streptococcus mutans is the primary etiologic agent of dental caries and occasionally infective endocarditis, with the ability to form biofilms and disperse cells into distal sites to exacerbate and spread infection. In this study, we identified a nuclease (DeoC) as a S. mutans biofilm dispersal modulating factor through microarray analysis. In vitro assays revealed a dispersal defect of a deoC deletion mutant, and functional studies with purified protein were indicative of the biofilm dispersal activity of DeoC...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
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