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Dental cary

Andrew B Schenkel, Ivy Peltz, Analia Veitz-Keenan
BACKGROUND: Resin-based composite (RBC) is currently accepted as a viable material for the restoration of caries for posterior permanent teeth requiring surgical treatment. Despite the fact that the thermal conductivity of the RBC restorative material closely approximates that of natural tooth structure, postoperative hypersensitivity is sometimes still an issue. Dental cavity liners have historically been used to protect the pulp from the toxic effects of some dental restorative materials and to prevent the pain of thermal conductivity by placing an insulating layer between restorative material and the remaining tooth structure...
October 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Zhang Chao, Huang Gui Jin, Yu Cong
BACKGROUND: The incidence of early childhood caries shows a significant increasing trend. Often, children younger than 6 years need additional help to finish the dental treatment. Therefore, general anesthesia (GA) could help to provide a successful environment for pediatric dental treatment. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of dental treatment under general anesthesia (DGA) on the patients' oral health in Chongqing, Southwest China using the P-CPQ and the FIS questionnaires...
October 25, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Xiao-Yu Hu, Yu-Fei Yao, Bo-Miao Cui, Jun Lv, Xin Shen, Biao Ren, Ming-Yun Li, Qiang Guo, Rui-Jie Huang, Yan Li
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the whole microbial structure in a case of rampant caries to provide evidence for its prevention and treatment. METHODS: Clinical samples including blood, supragingival plaque, plaque in the caries cavity, saliva, and mucosal swabs were collected with the patient's consent. The blood sample was sent for routine immune test, and the others samples were stained using Gram method and cultured for identifying colonies and 16S rRNA sequencing. DNA was extracted from the samples and tested for the main cariogenic bacterium (Streptococcus mutans) with qPCR, and the whole microbial structure was analyzed using DGGE...
October 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Ding-Yu Yeh, Hsiao-Ching Kuo, Yi-Hsin Yang, Pei-Shan Ho
The objective of this study was to determine the responsiveness of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) (oral health impact profile [OHIP] and oral impact on daily performance [OIDP]) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) (World Health Organization quality of life scale, brief [WHOQOL-BREF]) in dental caries restoration treatment. The study also aimed to assess the influence of treatment on the responsiveness of patients' quality of life (QoL). A total of 126 patients (aged 16-40 years) received dental caries restoration treatment with a 2-week follow-up and pre- and posttreatment interviews by questionnaire...
2016: PloS One
Jamie Perin, John S Preisser
Alternating logistic regressions is an estimating equations procedure used to model marginal means of correlated binary outcomes while simultaneously specifying a within-cluster association model for log odds ratios of outcome pairs. A recent generalization of alternating logistic regressions, known as orthogonalized residuals, is extended to incorporate finite sample adjustments in the estimation of the log odds ratio model parameters for when there is a moderately small number of clusters. Bias adjustments are made both in the sandwich variance estimators and in the estimating equations for the association parameters...
October 24, 2016: Biometrics
György Miklós Buzás
Although fructose was discovered in 1794, it was realised in recent decades only that its malabsorption can lead to intestinal symptoms while its excessive consumption induces metabolic disturbances. Fructose is a monosaccharide found naturally in most fruits and vegetables. Dietary intake of fructose has gradually increased in the past decades, especially because of the consumption of high fructose corn syrup. With its 16.4 kg/year consumption, Hungary ranks secondly after the United States. Fructose is absorbed in the small intestine by facilitated transport mediated by glucose transporter proteins-2 and -5, and arrives in the liver cells...
October 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Mor Shlezinger, Yael Houri-Haddad, Shunit Coppenhagen-Glazer, Grégory Resch, Yok-Ai Que, Shaul Beyth, Elisheva Dorfman, Ronen Hazan, Nurit Beyth
Dental diseases are perhaps the most prevalent infection-related diseases in humans. Biofilm is involved in almost every infectious disease compromising oral health, notably caries, periodontal disease, gingivitis, endodontic infections and peri-implantitis. Current therapies of biofilm-derived oral infections lack sensitivity; they are not species-specific and kill pathogenic species as well as commensal species, which are protective against the formation of pathogenic biofilms. Moreover, antibiotics have a limited effect on biofilm and are almost unused in oral diseases...
September 30, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
J Gill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
Derek Richards
Data sourcesPubMed Central, CINAHL, Embase and reference lists of identified articles.Study selectionObservational and experimental studies published in English where breastfeeding was the exposure and development of caries was the outcome of interest were considered. Two reviewers independently selected studies for inclusionData extraction and synthesisStudy quality was assessed independently by two researchers using the Newcastle Ottawa Scale (NOS). Key data items, exposure and outcome definitions and effect estimates (odds ratios (OR), relative risks, prevalence ratios) with 95% Confidence Interval (95%CI) were abstracted where available for inclusion in a meta-analysis...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Christopher Deery
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline, Embase, the US National Institutes of Health Trials Register and the World Health Organization (WHO) Clinical Trials Registry PlatformStudy selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs) with at least 12 months follow-up, in which fissure sealants, or fissure sealants together with fluoride varnishes, were compared with fluoride varnishes alone for preventing caries in occlusal surfaces of permanent teeth of children and adolescents...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
A Tofiño-Rivera, M Ortega-Cuadros, D Galvis-Pareja, H Jiménez-Rios, L J Merini, M C Martínez-Pabón
BACKGROUND: Caries is a public health problem, given that it prevails in 60 to 90% of the school-age global population. Multiple factors interact in its etiology, among them dental plaque is necessary to have lactic acid producing microorganisms like Streptococcus from he Mutans group. Existing prevention and treatment measures are not totally effective and generate adverse effects, which is why it is necessary to search for complementary strategies for their management. AIM: The study sought to evaluate the eradication capacity of Streptococcus mutans biofilms and the toxicity on eukaryotic cells of Lippia alba and Cymbopogon citratus essential oils METHODOLOGY: Essential oils were extracted from plant material through steam distillation and then its chemical composition was determined...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Herenia P Lawrence, Jaime Cidro, Sonia Isaac-Mann, Sabrina Peressini, Marion Maar, Robert J Schroth, Janet N Gordon, Laurie Hoffman-Goetz, John R Broughton, Lisa Jamieson
This study assessed links between racism and oral health outcomes among pregnant Canadian Aboriginal women. Baseline data were analyzed for 541 First Nations (94.6%) and Métis (5.4%) women in an early childhood caries preventive trial conducted in urban and on-reserve communities in Ontario and Manitoba. One-third of participants experienced racism in the past year determined by the Measure of Indigenous Racism Experience. In logistic regressions, outcomes significantly associated with incidents of racism included: wearing dentures, off-reserve dental care, asked to pay for dental services, perceived need for preventive care, flossing more than once daily, having fewer than 21 natural teeth, fear of going to dentist, never received orthodontic treatment and perceived impact of oral conditions on quality of life...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Pradeep Jayashantha, Newell W Johnson
Sri Lanka's Veddas/Vanniya-laeto, are a small Indigenous group today with little information on their oral health status. This report is to provide an overview on oral health status of Veddas. Oral health status was recorded by the principal investigator after obtaining consent, using World Health Organization criteria, at an initial screening point before sending the person for any necessary treatment. Total participants were 194: 78% were males>35 years. Mean decayed, missing, filled teeth was 0.9 and 3% had pockets <3...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Diep H Ha, Loc G Do, Liana Luzzi, Gloria C Mejia, Lisa Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: Dental diseases have shown to be influenced by area-level socioeconomic status. This study aims to assess the effects of change in area-level SES on the oral health of Australian Indigenous children. METHODS: Data were collected from a national surveillance survey for children's dental health at two points of time (2000-2002/2007-2010). The study examines caries experienced by area-level SES and whether changes in area-level SES (stable-high, upwardly-mobile, downwardly-mobile and stable low) affects caries experience...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
John R Broughton, Herenia P Lawrence, Lisa Jamieson
: Early childhood caries is a global health issue for Indigenous populations. The study, "Reducing disease burden and health inequalities arising from chronic dental disease among Indigenous children: an early childhood caries intervention," is being conducted in Australia, Canada, and Aotearoa/New Zealand. OBJECTIVE: To conduct the research in New Zealand using a kaupapa Māori (Māori philosophy) approach. METHODS: This is a mixed-method study incorporating quantitative and qualitative data whilst acknowledging Māori cultural practices by the utilization of Te Whare Tapa Whā, a model for Māori health and well-being...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Rui Arantes, Paulo Frazão
The objective of this paper was to evaluate the association between eligibility for a conditional cash transfer program, based on household income, and dental caries in 12-year-old children from three Indigenous ethnic groups living in Mato Grosso do Sul state, Central Brazil. A population-based cross-sectional study was performed in three ethnic groups: Kaiwoá, Guarani, and Terena. The study population was drawn by stratified sampling according to each ethnic group with a probability proportional to the village size...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Najith Amarasena, Kostas Kapellas, Michael R Skilton, Louise J Maple-Brown, Alex Brown, Mark Bartold, Kerin O'Dea, David Celermajer, Lisa M Jamieson
OBJECTIVES: To determine factors associated with routine dental attendance in Aboriginal Australians. METHODS: Data of 271 Aboriginal adults residing in Australia's Northern Territory were used. Routine dental attendance was defined as last visiting a dentist less than one year ago or visiting a dentist for a check-up. Both bivariate and multivariable analytical techniques were used. RESULTS: While 27% visited a dentist in the past year, 29% of these visited for a check-up...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Ambar W Raut, Vijay Mantri, Shubham Kala, Radha A Raut
Dens invaginatus is a developmental anomaly resulting in an infolding of the enamel organ into the dental papilla prior to calcification of the dental tissues. The invagination predisposes the tooth for the development of dental caries. Conventional radiographs do not provide detailed information concerning the three-dimensional image, which would help the clinician in making a confirmatory diagnosis and planning the treatment before undertaking the actual treatment. This report describes a case where Oehlers type II dens invaginatus was diagnosed with the help of spiral computed tomography...
September 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
C Mantegazza, F Angiero, G V Zuccotti
Alterations of the oral cavity are common in children: 22% of children aged less than 4 years and 44% of those aged more than 12 develop dental erosion, 9-95% of children in Europe and in North America develop gingivitis, with adolescents showing a prevalence of more than 60% [Italian Ministry of Health, Guidelines 2013]. Alterations within the oral cavity can be the first sign of systemic diseases and may thus allow for an early diagnosis and treatment. In particular, being the oral cavity a part of the gastrointestinal system, oral alterations can be an expression of a gastrointestinal disease...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
L Paglia
Despite the general advances in dental care, dental caries is still a global health problem affecting many children. Occlusal surfaces of first permanent molars are the most susceptible sites in the developing permanent dentition. Dentists should use sealants or fluoride varnish - as well as other means - to limit the onset of tooth decay. Application of sealants is a recommended procedure to prevent or control caries. Sealing occlusal surfaces of newly erupted permanent molars in children and teenagers delays caries onset up to 48 months compared with unsealed teeth...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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