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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225430/association-between-osteoporosis-treatment-and-severe-periodontitis-in-postmenopausal-women
#1
Johelle de S Passos-Soares, Maria Isabel P Vianna, Isaac S Gomes-Filho, Simone S Cruz, Maurício L Barreto, Luis F Adan, Cassiano K Rösing, Soraya C Trindade, Eneida M M Cerqueira, Frank A Scannapieco
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between osteoporosis treatment and severe periodontitis in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised of 492 postmenopausal women, 113 women in osteoporosis treatment, and 379 not treated. Osteoporosis treatment consisted of systemic estrogen alone, or estrogen plus progestin, and calcium and vitamin D supplements, for at least 6 months. Severe periodontitis was defined as at least two interproximal tooth sites with clinical attachment loss of at least 6 mm, and at least one interproximal site with probing depth of at least 5 mm; and dental caries experience was measured using the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index...
February 20, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224642/methodological-considerations-for-designing-a-community-water-fluoridation-cessation-study
#2
Sonica Singhal, Julie Farmer, Lindsay McLaren
High-quality, up-to-date research on community water fluoridation (CWF), and especially on the implications of CWF cessation for dental health, is limited. Although CWF cessation studies have been conducted, they are few in number; one of the major reasons is the methodological complexity of conducting such a study. This article draws on a systematic review of existing cessation studies (n=15) to explore methodological considerations of conducting CWF cessation studies in future. We review nine important methodological aspects (study design, comparison community, target population, time frame, sampling strategy, clinical indicators, assessment criteria, covariates and biomarkers) and provide recommendations for planning future CWF cessation studies that examine effects on dental caries...
February 22, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222429/effect-of-5-000-ppm-fluoride-dentifrice-or-1-100-ppm-fluoride-dentifrice-combined-with-acidulated-phosphate-fluoride-on-caries-lesion-inhibition-and-repair
#3
Constanza E Fernández, Livia Maria Andaló Tenuta, Altair Antoninha Del Bel Cury, Diego Figueiredo Nóbrega, Jaime Aparecido Cury
High fluoride dentifrice (FD; 5,000 ppm F) has been recommended to arrest root dentine lesions and to control enamel caries in high-risk patients. Also, standard FD (1,100 ppm F) in combination with professional fluoride application has been recommended to control dentine caries, but the effect of this combination on enamel has been considered modest. Considering the lack of evaluation comparing the use of 5,000 ppm FD (5,000-FD) versus acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) application combined with 1,100 ppm FD (1,100-FD) on the inhibition and repair of caries lesions in both enamel and dentine, we conducted this in situ, double-blind, crossover study of 3 phases of 14 days...
February 22, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222388/microbial-profile-of-dental-plaque-associated-to-white-spot-lesions-in-orthodontic-patients-immediately-after-the-bracket-removal
#4
Moniek W Beerens, Jacob M Ten Cate, Monique H van der Veen
OBJECTIVE: Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) is suggested to predict caries risk in young children. Such a tool would be valuable in orthodontic patients undergoing treatment with fixed appliances. In this cross-sectional study the applicability of DGGE and conventional microbiology for caries risk assessment in orthodontic patients were assessed. DESIGN: Dental plaque was obtained from orthodontic patients immediately prior to bracket removal. Presence of white spot lesions (WSL) was assessed immediately post debracketing...
February 9, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217542/dental-caries-prevalence-among-type-ii-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-adults-attending-a-hospital
#5
Ekta A Malvania, Sona A Sheth, Ashish S Sharma, Saloni Mansuri, Faizan Shaikh, Saloni Sahani
OBJECTIVES: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common chronic metabolic disorder which affects millions of people. At present, India has the highest incidence of diabetes worldwide. Several oral lesions and conditions are associated with diabetes. However, there is a lack of consensus among researchers regarding the relationship between DM and dental caries. Hence, the present study was carried out to assess the dental caries prevalence among type II diabetic and nondiabetic adults attending a hospital in Ahmedabad city...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212978/a-systematic-review-of-the-survival-and-complication-rates-of-inlay-retained-fixed-dental-prostheses
#6
REVIEW
Junyu Chen, He Cai, Lai Suo, Yiyuan Xue, Jian Wang, Qianbing Wan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the survival and complication rates of inlay-retainer fixed dental prostheses (IRFDPs). DATA/SOURCES: A systematic search was conducted in the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases in English and time filters (articles published from 1960) were used. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trails (RCTs), controlled clinical trials (CCTs) and prospective cohort studies on IRFDPs with a mean follow-up period of at least 2 years were included...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210811/status-and-perception-of-oral-health-in-6-17-year-old-psychiatric-inpatients-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
I M Schüler, B Bock, R Heinrich-Weltzien, K Bekes, M Rudovsky, Ch Filz, C Ligges
AIM: The following are the aims of the study: assessment of oral health status, oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and the effect of oral health care training over OHRQoL in children and adolescents hospitalized with mental disorders. METHODOLOGY: This randomized case controlled prospective interventional study involved 81 child and adolescent psychiatric inpatients (CAP) aged between 6 and 17 years (mean age 10.6 ± 2.4 years), compared to 81 mentally healthy patients attending routine dental examinations (DC group) matched according to age and sex of the CAP group...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209191/knowledge-of-caries-risk-factors-indicators-among-japanese-and-irish-adult-patients-with-different-socio-economic-profiles-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Makiko Nishi, Máiréad Harding, Virginia Kelleher, Helen Whelton, Finbarr Allen
BACKGROUND: A previous study has shown deficient knowledge of caries risk factors/indicators in a Japanese adult population regarded to have a high interest in preventive dentistry. No prior research has investigated caries risk knowledge in an Irish adult population. We hypothesise there may be unexpected differences or similarities in knowledge across countries with similar levels of economic development when comparing groups with different socio-economic and cultural profiles. Understanding what influences knowledge is important for the development of effective and efficient caries prevention strategies...
February 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209019/efficacy-of-specific-plant-products-on-microorganisms-causing-dental-caries
#9
M Rajini Kanth, A Ravi Prakash, G Sreenath, Vikram Simha Reddy, S Huldah
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and periodontal diseases are the most common oral diseases seen globally, both in developed and developing countries. Oral microorganisms that is gram positive and gram negative bacteria are known to be involved in causation of these diseases. Nowadays commercially available dentrifices and mouth rinses are known to contain ingredients that can alter the oral microbial flora and have undesirable side effects such as vomiting, diarrhoea, disarrangement of oral, intestinal flora and tooth staining...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209007/cognitive-ability-as-a-determinant-of-socioeconomic-and-oral-health-status-among-adolescent-college-students-of-bengaluru-india
#10
Rekha Rao Karnam, Naganandini Samapth Kumar, Shruthi Eshwar, Shravani Deolia
INTRODUCTION: Levels of oral health and economic status are unequally distributed throughout the population. Inequality has multiple causes and that the effect of Socio Economic Status (SES) and demographic factors, on oral health is mediated through several factors. Association between cognitive ability and oral health had been demonstrated in older age groups but adolescents and younger adults have received relatively little attention in this field. AIM: To establish the role of cognitive ability as a determinant of SES and oral health status among adolescent college students of Benagluru, Karnataka, India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209001/comparative-evaluation-of-fluoride-releasing-ability-of-various-restorative-materials-after-the-application-of-surface-coating-agents-an-in-vitro-study
#11
Gvs Kishore, A J Sai-Sankar, Mjs Pratap-Gowd, M Sridhar, Kakarla Pranitha, V S Sai-Krishna
INTRODUCTION: Fluoride plays a key role in prevention of dental caries and is also an essential element for oral health promotion both in children and adults. AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of surface coating (petroleum jelly, G-Coat Plus) on the fluoride releasing property of conventional Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC) and Zirconomer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 disk shaped brass mold specimens (6±0.1mm in diameter and 2±0...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208999/experience-from-classroom-teaching-to-clinical-practice-regarding-shortened-dental-arch-sda-concept-among-dentists-a-questionnaire-study
#12
Ritu Gupta, Ravneet Malhi, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Chandrasheker Janakiram, Venisha Pandita, Monika Prasad, Jishnu Krishna Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease and dental caries are the common oral conditions which cause loss of teeth, mostly molars. This further leads to Shortening of Dental Arch and Shortened Dental Arch (SDA) concept provides the overall requirements of functional dentition at reduced cost without compromising the health. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) towards SDA concept among dentists of Ghaziabad city (Uttar Pradesh, India)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208029/l1-peptide-conjugated-fibrin-hydrogels-promote-salivary-gland-regeneration
#13
K Nam, C-S Wang, C L M Maruyama, P Lei, S T Andreadis, O J Baker
Hyposalivation contributes to dental caries, periodontitis, and microbial infections. Additionally, it impairs activities of daily living (e.g., speaking, chewing, and swallowing). Treatments for hyposalivation are currently limited to medications (e.g., the muscarinic receptor agonists pilocarpine and cevimeline) that induce saliva secretion from residual acinar cells and the use of saliva substitutes. However, given that these therapies provide only temporary relief, the development of alternative treatments to restore gland function is essential...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207379/absence-of-fluoride-varnish-related-adverse-events-in-caries-prevention-trials-in-young-children-united-states
#14
Raul I Garcia, Steven E Gregorich, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Patricia A Braun, Anne Wilson, Judith Albino, Tamanna Tiwari, Maya Harper, Terrence S Batliner, Margaret Rasmussen, Nancy F Cheng, William Santo, Paul L Geltman, Michelle Henshaw, Stuart A Gansky
INTRODUCTION: Fluoride varnish is an effective prevention intervention for caries in young children. Its routine use in clinical care is supported by meta-analyses and recommended by clinical guidelines, including the US Preventive Services Task Force (B rating). This report is the first prospective systematic assessment of adverse events related to fluoride varnish treatment in young children. METHODS: We determined the incidence of adverse events related to fluoride varnish treatment in 3 clinical trials on the prevention of early childhood caries, conducted under the auspices of the Early Childhood Caries Collaborating Centers, an initiative sponsored by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research...
February 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206900/caregiver-illness-perception-of-their-child-s-early-childhood-caries
#15
Mary Beth Slusar, Suchitra Nelson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case-control study was to evaluate the association between parent/caregivers' illness perception and early childhood caries (ECC). METHODS: Parent/caregivers of children younger than six years old were recruited at the dental clinic of an urban children's hospital between June 2013 and September 2015. Cases were caregivers of ECC children; controls were caregivers of children without ECC. Caregivers completed the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised for Dental (IPQ-RD) assessing cognitive (identity, consequences, control, timeline, illness coherence, cause) and emotional representations of dental caries...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206899/relating-molar-incisor-hypomineralization-and-caries-experience-using-the-decayed-missing-or-filled-index
#16
Gabriela C A Americano, Roberta C Jorge, Luiz Flávio Moliterno, Vera M Soviero
PURPOSE: This case-control study aimed to investigate the association between molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) and caries experience in seven- to 11-year-old children. METHODS: Children seen in a pediatric dental clinic in 2011 to 2012 and born in 2002, 2003, or 2004 were considered eligible. Children with decayed, missing, or filled teeth in the permanent dentition (DMF-T) were allocated to the case group, and those with no DMF-T were allocated to the control group...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206888/evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-use-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants
#17
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations for the use of pit-and-fissure sealants on the occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent molars in children and adolescents. A guideline panel convened by the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry conducted a systematic review and formulated recommendations to address clinical questions in relation to the efficacy, retention, and potential side effects of sealants to prevent dental caries; their efficacy compared with fluoride varnishes; and a head-to-head comparison of the different types of sealant material used to prevent caries on pits-and-fissures of occlusal surfaces...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206881/loss-of-permanent-first-molars-in-the-mixed-dentition-circumstances-resulting-in-extraction-and-requiring-orthodontic-management
#18
Kavita R Mathu-Muju, David B Kennedy
Extraction of significantly compromised permanent first molars may be indicated during the mixed dentition stage of occlusal development. The purpose of this article was to review circumstances that can result in the loss of a permanent first molar-including dental caries, molar incisor hypomineralization, eruption disturbances of permanent teeth, and failure of restorative treatment to affirm that a complete dental arch is not necessary for the existence of a functional dental arch. The extraction of permanent first molar(s) with subsequent orthodontic treatment in a young patient can be considered a cost-effective alternative to placing complex restorations that require replacement over the lifespan...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203014/-influence-of-surface-treatment-with-sodium-hypochlorite-solution-on-dentin-bond-strength
#19
Y Wang, Y H Liang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution used during root canal therapy on dentin bond strength. METHODS: In the study, 15 freshly extracted human third molars with complete dental crowns, caries and filling-free were selected. The occlusal enamel was removed perpendicular to the long axis of the tooth to expose middle flat surfaces of sound dentin. The occlusal dentin surfaces were then polished using 600-grit silicon papers for 1 min and rinsed with deionized water for 1 min...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203009/-digital-imaging-fiber-optic-transillumination-difoti-method-for-determining-the-depth-of-cavity
#20
J L Yu, R T Tang, L Feng, Y M Dong
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the accuracy of the digital imaging fiber optic transillumination (DIFOTI) on diagnosis of caries lesions depth using DIAGNOcam system. METHODS: This experiment adopted self-matching design. Seventy-four extracted teeth (molar: sixty-six, premolar: eight) with one caries lesions in proximity which were not damaged in surface marginal ridge were selected. Dental calculus and dental stains were removed from the extracted teeth for standby application...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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