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Dental cary

Anna L Suominen, Sinikka Varsio, Sari Helminen, Anne Nordblad, Satu Lahti, Matti Knuuttila
OBJECTIVE: We assessed dental and periodontal health in adults aged ≥30 years living in southern and northern Finland as part of the Health 2000/2011 Surveys (BRIF8901). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical findings in 2000 (n = 2967) and 2011 (n = 1496) included the presence of teeth and number of teeth with caries, fillings, fractures or periodontal pockets. RESULTS: Edentulousness decreased in all age groups. The prevalence of those with no caries increased from 67% to 69% in men and from 80% to 85% in women, and of those with no periodontal pocketing from 26% to 30% in men and from 39% to 42% in women...
March 16, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Jing Zou, Mingmei Meng, Clarice S Law, Yale Rao, Xuedong Zhou
Malocclusion is a worldwide dental problem that influences the affected individuals to varying degrees. Many factors contribute to the anomaly in dentition, including hereditary and environmental aspects. Dental caries, pulpal and periapical lesions, dental trauma, abnormality of development, and oral habits are most common dental diseases in children that strongly relate to malocclusion. Management of oral health in the early childhood stage is carried out in clinic work of pediatric dentistry to minimize the unwanted effect of these diseases on dentition...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
Fernando Barcellos da Silva, Luiz Alexandre Chisini, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Marcos Britto Correa
Population-based studies estimating the prevalence of tooth bleaching desire or the percentage of individuals who had performed this treatment are rare. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the desire to perform tooth bleaching and the prevalence of adult individuals who had performed the treatment and investigate the association of these outcomes. A subsample (n = 536) of the 1982 Pelotas birth cohort in southern Brazil was investigated at the ages 15, 24 and 31 by clinical examinations and interviews...
March 8, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Ana Paula Corrêa de Queiroz Herkrath, Fernando José Herkrath, Maria Augusta Bessa Rebelo, Mario Vianna Vettore
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the structural and intermediary determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among adults with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P). DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with patients enrolled at the referral center for craniofacial anomalies in Manaus, Brazil. Adults aged 18 years or more with nonsyndromic CL/P were selected. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Both HRQoL and OHRQoL were assessed using the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey and the Oral Impacts on Daily Performance, respectively...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Yan Liu, Ling Zhang, Li-Na Niu, Tao Yu, Hockin H K Xu, Michael D Weir, Thomas W Oates, Franklin R Tay, Ji-Hua Chen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the bonding performance, antibacterial activity, and remineralization effect on enamel of the orthodontic adhesive containing MAE-DB and NACP. METHODS: Eighty non-carious human premolars were divided into 3 groups: Transbond XT (TB), PEHB + 5% MAE-DB (PD), and PEHB + 40% NACP + 5% MAE-DB (PND). Premolars were bonded with orthodontic brackets, the first subgroup (n = 10) and the second subgroup (n = 10) were subjected to shear bond strength testing after immersed in water for 1 day and in demineralization solution for 28 days respectively and then tested surface roughness, while the third subgroup (n = 6) was used for microhardness evaluation after aged in demineralization solution for 28 days...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
In-Ja Kim, Heung-Soo Lee, Hyun-Jeong Ju, Ja-Young Na, Hyo-Won Oh
BACKGROUND: A recent study in Canada reported that vitamin D deficiency is associated with dental caries. Because Koreans have been reported to be deficient in vitamin D, we investigated the relationship between dental caries and reduced serum vitamin D levels in Korean children. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationships between blood vitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations and dental caries in the permanent dentition of Korean children. METHODS: Data were collected from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey performed in 2008-2013...
March 13, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Svetlana Tikhonova, Linda Booij, Violet D'Souza, Karla T B Crosara, Walter L Siqueira, Elham Emami
BACKGROUND: This scoping review addressed the question 'what do we know about stress-related changes in saliva and dental caries in general population?' METHODS: The review was conducted using electronic searches via Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL and WoS. All published human studies with both observational and experimental designs were included. Two reviewers independently reviewed eligible articles and extracted the data. The studies' quality was assessed using the Effective Public Health Practice Project Quality Assessment Tool...
March 13, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Bridget Gabriella Haire, Abiola A Adeniyi, Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo
Dental caries is the main oral health challenge for children in Nigeria. Concern about its negative impact makes screening for caries in children an attractive public health strategy. The ability to detect the preclinical phase of caries, the availability of screening tools with high accuracy, and the possibility of treatment before onset of clinical symptoms with significant cost and health benefits, makes it appropriate for screening. However in Nigeria, the poor availability of highly specific and sensitive screening tools, poor access to oral health care and concerns with pre-screening consent, raise the question of the appropriateness of conducting screening programmes for children...
March 13, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
S-Y Kim, M-K Kang, S-M Kang, H-E Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the enamel damage caused by ultrasonic scaling of teeth with various enamel conditions that are difficult to identify by visual inspection, such as enamel cracks, early caries and resin restorations. METHODS: In total, 120 tooth surfaces were divided into 4 experimental groups using a quantitative light-induced fluorescence-digital system: sound enamel group, enamel cracks group, early caries group and resin restoration group...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
K Hisano, K Tanaka, C Nagata, M Arakawa, Y Miyake
OBJECTIVE: We determined the prevalence of dental caries in 3-year-old Japanese children in a cross-sectional study and analysed its associations with birthweight, gestational age and birthweight for gestational age among the study subjects. METHODS: Study subjects were 6327 children. Their parents or guardians completed our study questionnaire with information on birth conditions and oral examinations taken from their Maternal and Child Health Handbooks, as documented by medical personnel at the hospital, clinic or public health centre...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Pei Lin Zhuang, Li Xia Yu, Juan Kun Liao, Yan Zhou, Huan Cai Lin
BACKGROUND: The VicRK two-component signalling system regulates virulence and cariogenicity in Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans). The purpose of this study was to explore the genetic polymorphisms of the vicR and vicK genes, which are associated with dental caries in children with S. mutans. METHODS: In this study, 121 (from each group) clinical S. mutans strains were isolated from caries-free children and children with high-severity caries to sequence the vicR and vicK genes...
March 12, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Francyenne Maira Castro Gonçalves, Alberto Carlos Botazzo Delbem, Juliano Pelim Pessan, Gabriel Pereira Nunes, Nayara Gonçalves Emerenciano, Luhana Santos Gonzales Garcia, Liliana Carolina Báez Quintero, José Guilherme Neves, Marcelle Danelon
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate in vitro the effect of neutral pH topical gels with reduced fluoride concentration (F), supplemented or not with sodium hexametaphosphate (HMP) on the remineralization of dental enamel, using a pH-cycling model. Materials and methods Bovine enamel blocks with caries-like lesions were randomly treated with five gels (n = 24/group): without F/HMP (Placebo); 4500 ppm F (4500F), 4500F plus 9% HMP (4500F + HMP); 9000 ppm F (9000F); and 12,300 ppm F (Acid gel)...
March 3, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Marília Leão Goettems, Ayah Qassem Shqair, Veridiana Fischer Bergmann, Mariana Gonzalez Cadermatori, Marcos Britto Correa, Flávio Fernando Demarco
BACKGROUND: Oral health perception has multidimensional nature and can be influenced not only by clinical conditions but also by psychosocial characteristics. HYPOTHESIS: Dental fear could modify the association between dental caries and dental pain and the perception of negative impact. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with (n = 1,196) children aged 8-12 years attending public and private schools in Pelotas/Brazil. Children were interviewed and examined...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Yousif A Al Dulaijan, Lei Cheng, Michael D Weir, Mary Anne S Melo, Huaibing Liu, Thomas W Oates, Lin Wang, Hockin H K Xu
OBJECTIVE: Rechargeable calcium phosphate (CaP) composites were developed recently. However, none of the rechargeable CaP composites was antibacterial. The objectives of this study were to develop the first rechargeable CaP composite that was antibacterial, and to investigate the effects of adding dimethylaminohexadecyl methacrylate (DMAHDM) into rechargeable CaP composite on ion rechargeability and re-release as well as biofilm properties. METHODS: DMAHDM was synthesized via a Menschutkin reaction...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
H Kalsbeek
Different ideas on the impact of diet on the occurrence of dental caries that have been of influence during the last 125 years are discussed. The initial premise was that deficits in calcium and vitamins during the formation phase of the teeth were the cause of their high caries susceptibility. That idea has been abandoned. The frequency with which someone eats or drinks after the eruption of the teeth and the avoidance of quickly degradable carbohydrates in the diet now appear to be the most important factors for the development of caries lesions...
March 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
J W M van Gemert, C D van der Maarel-Wierink, W J Klüter, E Hillebrands, G J van der Putten
In 2000 it was suggested that there was a new, fast and simple way to treat dental caries based on the outcomes of an in vitro study of the antimicrobial effect of ozone, a form of active oxygen, on caries lesions in dental roots. The aim of the review of literature described in this article was to determine the effectiveness of active oxygen in the treatment of dental (root) caries as demonstrated by in vivo research of frail older people'. From the results it became clear that the quality of the various trials is not very high and that there is, at least at the present time, an insufficient solid scientific evidence base that the use of ozone is an effective treatment for dental (root) caries...
March 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
Andrea Seiffert, Carlos Zaror, Claudia Atala-Acevedo, Andrea Ormeño, María José Martínez-Zapata, Pablo Alonso-Coello
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the quality of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for dental caries prevention in children and adolescents MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic search of CPGs on caries preventive measures between 2005 and 2016. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, TripDatabase, websites of CPG developers, compilers of CPGs, scientific societies and ministries of health. We included CPGs with recommendations on sealants, fluorides and oral hygiene. Three reviewers independently assessed the included CPGs using the AGREE II instrument...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Dena Eltahlah, Christopher D Lynch, Barbara L Chadwick, Igor R Blum, Nairn H F Wilson
AIM: The aim of this study was to review patterns of restoration placement and replacement. A previous study had been carried out in the late 1990s and this study sought to update the literature in this important aspect of dental practice. METHOD: Studies based on the protocol of Mjör (1981) were selected. Such studies involved participating dentists completing a proforma each time a patient presented for a new or replacement restoration. RESULTS: Twenty-five papers were included in this study, of which 12 were included in the original review...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
(no author information available yet)
Analysis of recently published research appears to show only short-term improvements in plaque indices.
March 9, 2018: British Dental Journal
(no author information available yet)
Caries risk assessment and the venue for placement may be relevant.
March 9, 2018: British Dental Journal
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