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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434277/patients-are-doing-it-for-themselves-a-survey-on-disease-specific-knowledge-acquisition-among-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-sweden
#1
Sara Riggare, Pär J Höglund, Helena Hvitfeldt Forsberg, Elena Eftimovska, Per Svenningsson, Maria Hägglund
Effective self-management is key to living well with Parkinson's disease and one important aspect is disease-specific knowledge. This article explores how people with Parkinson's disease in Sweden (1) acquire disease-specific knowledge and (2) use Parkinson's disease-related healthcare. Data were collected through an online survey, which had 346 respondents (16-87 years old, median age: 68 years, 51% male; time since diagnosis: 0-31 years, median time: 7 years). Our results show that disease-specific knowledge is mainly found online, especially for women with Parkinson's disease and people with Parkinson's disease of working age, that most people with Parkinson's disease in Sweden see their neurologist for 1 h or less per year and only one in two people with Parkinson's disease has regular contact with other Parkinson's disease-related healthcare professionals...
April 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434238/the-characteristics-and-long-term-course-of-epilepsy-in-lipoid-proteinosis-a-spectrum-from-mild-to-severe-seizures-in-relation-to-ecm1-mutations
#2
Emel Oguz Akarsu, Firdevs Dinçsoy Bir, Can Baykal, Volkan Taşdemir, Bülent Kara, Nerses Bebek, Candan Gürses, Oya Uyguner, Betül Baykan
Lipoid proteinosis (LP) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by deposition of hyaline material in skin and mucosae. Epilepsy, as an extracutaneous manifestation associated with typical mesial temporal calcifications, has already been identified, but its characteristics and long-term prognosis have not been thoroughly investigated. We included 7 consecutive patients with LP with typical intracranial calcifications out of 16 patients with ECM1 mutations and investigated the semiologic features, ictal and interictal EEG findings, and long-term prognosis of epilepsy in this genodermatosis...
April 1, 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434004/what-do-medical-students-know-about-deep-brain-stimulation
#3
Andreas Wloch, Assel Saryyeva, Hans E Heissler, Christoph Schrader, H Holger Capelle, Joachim K Krauss
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an established therapy for movement disorders. It is currently under investigation in neuropsychiatric disorders. Neurophobia is a common phenomenon that might have a negative impact in medical education. Little is known about medical students' knowledge about DBS when they enter university and what they learn about it during their medical formation. METHODS: A 10-item questionnaire was designed. Questions addressed indications for DBS, costs of DBS, complications, the percentage of Parkinson disease (PD) patients who might profit from DBS, etc...
April 22, 2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431874/regional-disparities-in-the-quality-of-stroke-care
#4
Seth Seabury, Katalin Bognar, Yaping Xu, Caroline Huber, S Renee Commerford, Darren Tayama
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is widespread geographic variation in healthcare quality, but we often lack clear strategies for improving quality in underserved areas. This study characterized geographic disparities in stroke care quality to assess whether improved access to neurological services has the potential to bridge the care quality gap, particularly in terms of alteplase (rt-PA) administration. METHODS: This was a retrospective study using quality performance data from the 2015 Hospital Compare database linked to information on certification status from the Joint Commission and information on local access to neurological services from the Area Health Resources File...
March 19, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431609/benefit-risk-perception-of-natalizumab-therapy-in-neurologists-and-a-large-cohort-of-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#5
Christoph Heesen, Ingo Kleiter, Sven G Meuth, Julia Krämer, Jürgen Kasper, Sascha Köpke, Wolfgang Gaissmaier
BACKGROUND: Natalizumab (NAT) is associated with the risk of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). Risk stratification algorithms have been developed, however, without detectable reduction of PML incidence. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate to which extent patients and physicians understand and accept risks associated with NAT treatment. METHODS: Prospective observational cohort study in German MS centers (n=73) among NAT-treated MS patients (n=801) and their neurologists (n=99)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429077/-implementation-of-the-german-s3-guidelines-on-dementia-in-clinical-practice-wish-or-reality
#6
H Lohmann, F Kulessa, H Holling, A Johnen, S Reul, G Lueg, T Duning
BACKGROUND: Published in 2009, the German S3 guidelines on dementia define a milestone in quality improvement of the diagnostics and treatment of dementia. In clinical practice patients suffering from dementia are primarily treated by physicians in private practice; therefore, this study examined how the guidelines are implemented in outpatient clinical settings. Furthermore, it aimed at the identification of behavioral determinants that govern the actual diagnostic and therapeutic approach in clinical practice...
April 20, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428202/precision-physiology-and-rescue-of-brain-ion-channel-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Jeffrey Noebels
Ion channel genes, originally implicated in inherited excitability disorders of muscle and heart, have captured a major role in the molecular diagnosis of central nervous system disease. Their arrival is heralded by neurologists confounded by a broad phenotypic spectrum of early-onset epilepsy, autism, and cognitive impairment with few effective treatments. As detection of rare structural variants in channel subunit proteins becomes routine, it is apparent that primary sequence alone cannot reliably predict clinical severity or pinpoint a therapeutic solution...
April 20, 2017: Journal of General Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427707/incidence-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-the-republic-of-ireland-a-prospective-population-based-study
#8
K O'Connell, N Tubridy, M Hutchinson, C McGuigan
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) incidence and prevalence is increasing worldwide, with a disproportionally higher rate in women. Recent studies have questioned the presence of a latitudinal gradient in Europe. Ireland is a high prevalence country for MS with a previously reported North-South gradient making it ideal to further explore this concept. OBJECTIVES: In this study we prospectively determined the incidence rate of newly diagnosed MS in Ireland over a 12-month period and demonstrated the presence of a North-South gradient...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427025/psychiatric-symptoms-after-temporal-epilepsy-surgery-a-one-year-follow-up-study
#9
Carmen Iranzo-Tatay, Teresa Rubio-Granero, Antonio Gutierrez, Mercedes Garcés, Rebeca Conde, Asier Gómez-Ibáñez, Sergio Arques-Egea, Lucia Sancho-Miñana, David Hervas-Marín, Vicente Villanueva
Psychiatric symptoms must be considered in patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy after epilepsy surgery. The main objectives of our study were to describe clinical and socio-demographical characteristics of a cohort of patients with pharmacoresistant temporal lobe epilepsy who underwent temporal lobe epilepsy surgery, and moreover, to evaluate possible risk factors for developing psychiatric symptoms. In order to achieve those goals, we conducted a prospective evaluation of psychopathology throughout the first year after surgery in a clinical sample of 72 patients, by means of three clinical rated measures; the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS), the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS)...
April 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424823/-coma-in-the-emergency-room
#10
M Braun, C J Ploner, T Lindner, M Möckel, W U Schmidt
Coma of unknown origin (CUO) is a frequent unspecific emergency symptom associated with a high mortality. A fast diagnostic work-up is essential given the wide spectrum of underlying diagnoses that are made up of approximately 50% primary central nervous system (CNS) pathologies and approximately 50% extracerebral, almost exclusively internal medical causes. Despite the high mortality associated with this symptom, there are currently no generally accepted management guidelines for adult patients presenting with CUO...
April 19, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424385/-korbinian-brodmann-s-scientific-profile-and-academic-works
#11
Mitsuru Kawamura
Brodmann's map is one of the best known maps of the human cerebral cortex. However, Korbinian Brodmann's 1909 monograph, containing the first map, has not been widely read by neurologists. Following the publication of the first map, Brodmann reproduced the map in 1910, and again in 1914, with several important differences. The latter map is also characterized by the exclusion of Brodmann area numbers, "12-16, and 48-51;" contrastingry numbers "1-52" have been described in the animal brain. Here, we provide a detailed explanation of the versions of Brodmann's maps, and review his academic profile and works...
April 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424015/susceptibility-weighted-imaging-in-acute-cerebral-ischemia-review-of-emerging-technical-concepts-and-clinical-applications
#12
Charlie Chia-Tsong Hsu, Gigi Nga Chi Kwan, Sachintha Hapugoda, Michelle Craigie, Trevor William Watkins, E Mark Haacke
Susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) is an essential magnetic resonance imaging sequence in the assessment of acute ischemic stroke. In this article, we discuss the physics principals and clinical application of conventional SWI and multi-echo SWI sequences. We review the research evidence and practical approach of SWI in acute ischemic stroke by focusing on the detection and characterization of thromboembolism in the cerebral circulation. In addition, we discuss the role of SWI in the assessment of neuroparenchyma by depiction of asymmetric hypointense cortical veins in the ischemic territory (surrogate tissue perfusion), detection of existing microbleeds before stroke treatment and monitoring for hemorrhagic transformation post-treatment...
April 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421601/evaluation-of-the-reliability-of-the-cutaneous-dermatomyositis-disease-area-and-severity-index-cdasi-and-the-cutaneous-assessment-tool-binary-method-cat-bm-in-juvenile-dermatomyositis-among-pediatric-dermatologists-rheumatologists-and-neurologists
#13
J Tiao, R Feng, E M Berger, J F Brandsema, C C Coughlin, N Khan, E A Kichula, M A Lerman, S Lvovich, P J McMahon, L G Rider, A I Rubin, L V Scalzi, D M Smith, A J Taxter, J R Treat, R P Williams, S W Yum, J Okawa, V P Werth
BACKGROUND: The Cutaneous Dermatomyositis Disease Area and Severity Index (CDASI) and Cutaneous Assessment Tool-Binary Method (CAT-BM) have been shown to be reliable and valid outcome measures to assess cutaneous disease in adult dermatomyositis (DM) and juvenile DM (JDM), respectively. OBJECTIVE: This study compared the CDASI and CAT-BM for use by pediatric dermatologists, pediatric rheumatologists, and pediatric neurologists in patients with JDM. METHODS: Five pediatric dermatologists, five pediatric rheumatologists, and five pediatric neurologists each evaluated 14 patients with JDM using the CDASI, CAT-BM, and skin Physician Global Assessment (PGA) scales...
April 19, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421360/update-on-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#14
REVIEW
Comana Cioroiu, Louis H Weimer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study was to briefly discuss chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) and detail the most important and most recent chemotherapeutic agents implicated. This review will examine neuropathy mechanisms, risk factors, and clinical patterns; novel and prospective drugs with similar effects that are less well known to neurologists are discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: CIPN is increasingly recognized for its clinical importance and effect on patient quality of life...
June 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419532/electromyography-in-the-assessment-and-therapy-of-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-adults
#15
REVIEW
Jan Krhut, Roman Zachoval, Peter F W M Rosier, Beth Shelly, Peter Zvara
AIM: To present the teaching module "Electromyography in the assessment and therapy of lower urinary tract dysfunction in adults." This teaching module embodies a presentation, in combination with this manuscript. This manuscript serves as a scientific background review; the evidence base made available on ICS website to summarize current knowledge and recommendations. METHODS: This review has been prepared by a Working Group of The ICS Urodynamics Committee. The methodology used included comprehensive literature review, consensus formation by the members of the Working Group, and review by members of the ICS Urodynamics Committee core panel...
April 18, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419289/parkinson-s-disease-patient-and-general-practitioner-perspectives-on-the-role-of-primary-care
#16
Annette O A Plouvier, Tim C Olde Hartman, Clementine E M Verhulst, Bastiaan R Bloem, Chris van Weel, Antoine L M Lagro-Janssen
Background.: Specialized Parkinson's disease (PD) care offers advantages to patients. However, specialized health care providers may be unaware of patients' personal context and comorbidity, leading to conflicting treatment regimens. Patients may benefit from a more holistic approach. Objective.: To clarify the role community-dwelling PD patients see for general practitioners (GPs) in PD care and to clarify the role GPs see for themselves. Methods...
April 1, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417308/treatment-of-menstrual-migraine-multidisciplinary-or-mono-disciplinary-approach
#17
Hester Witteveen, Peter van den Berg, Guus Vermeulen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare a multidisciplinary approach of menstrual (related) migraine, combining the neurological and gynaecological consultation, to a mono-disciplinary approach involving neurological treatment. There is a clear relationship between the menstruation cycle and the occurrence of migraine (menstrual migraine). Nowadays the treatment of menstrual (related) migraine is performed by a neurologist. A treatment with attention to hormonal treatment seems more convenient...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416787/a-family-with-hereditary-cerebellar-ataxia-finally-confirmed-as-gerstmann-straussler-scheinker-syndrome-with-p102l-mutation-in-prnp-gene
#18
Ling Long, Xiaodong Cai, Yaqing Shu, Zhengqi Lu
Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker syndrome (GSS) is an exceedingly rare prion disease. There are only 3 case reports of GSS in China. Here we report the first GSS family in southern China. A 47-year-old female complained of unsteady gait and dysarthria. Seven other individuals presented similar symptoms in 3 generations of her family, and all died 4-6 years after onset. To detect causative mutations, we employed a gene analysis panel of hereditary diseases. This revealed a P102L mutation in the prion protein gene (PRNP) gene, which is commonly found in GSS featuring cerebellar ataxia...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415099/p594contrast-transthoracic-echocardiography-as-a-gatekeeper-for-patent-foramen-ovale-closure
#19
M Muratori, G Italiano, E Innocenti, L Fusini, M Mapelli, G Tamborini, S Ghulam Ali, P Gripari, A Maltagliati, F Celeste, M Pepi
Background.: The presence of patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been linked to many illness, including cryptogenic stroke, transient ischemic attack, migraine, platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome and decompression sickness in scuba divers. Transesophageal echocardiography is the gold standard technique for the visualization of atrial septal anatomy, but it is a secondary level exam, not always available, with additional associated costs and not completely free from procedural risks. Standard transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) has a too low sensitivity for PFO screening...
December 1, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413700/endovascular-stroke-treatment-in-a-small-volume-stroke-center
#20
Gry N Behzadi, Lars Fjetland, Rajiv Advani, Martin W Kurz, Kathinka D Kurz
INTRODUCTION: Our purpose was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of endovascular treatment (EVT) of stroke caused by large vessel occlusions (LVO) performed by general interventional radiologists in cooperation with stroke neurologists and neuroradiologists at a center with a limited annual number of procedures. We aimed to compare our results with those previously reported from larger stroke centers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 108 patients with acute stroke due to LVO treated with EVT were included...
April 2017: Brain and Behavior
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