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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179074/learning-communication-from-erroneous-video-based-examples-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Felix Michael Schmitz, Kai Philipp Schnabel, Daniel Stricker, Martin Rudolf Fischer, Sissel Guttormsen
OBJECTIVE: Appropriate training strategies are required to equip undergraduate healthcare students to benefit from communication training with simulated patients. This study examines the learning effects of different formats of video-based worked examples on initial communication skills. METHODS: First-year nursing students (N=36) were randomly assigned to one of two experimental groups (correct v. erroneous examples) or to the control group (no examples). All the groups were provided an identical introduction to learning materials on breaking bad news; the experimental groups also received a set of video-based worked examples...
January 31, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156617/development-of-a-decision-support-aid-to-support-goals-of-care-conversation-for-hospitalized-patients-with-cancer
#2
Lisa E Stone, Karen Stepan, Colleen M Gallagher, Jessica Anne Moore, Susan Gaeta, Margaret W Meyer, Robert Joseph Volk, Donna S Zhukovsky
: 42 Background: Goals of care (GOC) conversations between oncologists and patients are often ill-defined due to poor physician and patient preparation and unclear goals. Hospitalization may further increase patients' fear and confusion about GOC. Creating a tool to facilitate shared decision making is critical to support patients and their health care team in this process. In this study, we have collected data as the initial step in the development of a decision aid (DA) for GOC conversations with hospitalized patients with advanced cancer...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151559/an-ethnography-of-managing-emotions-when-talking-about-life-threatening-illness
#3
N E Ayers, V Vydelingum, A Arber
AIM: This ethnographic study was concerned with how dying patients, palliative care staff and family caregivers communicate about life-threatening illness in a palliative care setting in Ethiopia. BACKGROUND: Ethiopia, as a developing country, had few resources for caring for those requiring end-of-life care. However, palliative care was supported by local champions in Ethiopia and by the Federal Ministry of Health. INTRODUCTION: The disclosure of bad news was discouraged because it was believed that such disclosure may lead to unnecessary distress and to loss of hope...
February 2, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095172/characterizing-the-nature-of-scan-results-discussions-insights-into-why-patients-misunderstand-their-prognosis
#4
Sarguni Singh, Dagoberto Cortez, Douglas Maynard, James F Cleary, Lori DuBenske, Toby C Campbell
INTRODUCTION: Patients with incurable cancer have poor prognostic awareness. We present a detailed analysis of the dialogue between oncologists and patients in conversations with prognostic implications. METHODS: A total of 128 audio-recorded encounters from a large multisite trial were obtained, and 64 involved scan results. We used conversation analysis, a qualitative method for studying human interaction, to analyze typical patterns and conversational devices...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092727/sitting-ducks-face-chronic-disease-an-analysis-of-newspaper-coverage-of-sedentary-behaviour-as-a-health-issue-in-australia-2000-2012
#5
Josephine Y Chau, Catriona Bonfiglioli, Amy Zhong, Zeljko Pedisic, Michelle Daley, Bronwyn McGill, Adrian Bauman
Issue addressed: This study examines how sedentary behaviour (too much sitting) was covered as a health issue by Australian newspapers and how physical activity was framed within this newspaper coverage.Methods: Articles featuring sedentary behaviour published in Australian newspapers between 2000 and 2012 were analysed for content and framing. Main outcome measures were volume, number and content of newspaper articles; framing and types of sedentary behaviour; responsibility for the problem of and solutions to high levels of sedentary behaviour; and physical activity mentions and how it was framed within sedentary behaviour coverage...
January 12, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076529/relationships-between-oncohematopediatrics-mothers-and-children-in-communicating-bad-news
#6
Selene Beviláqua Chaves Afonso, Maria Cecília de Souza Minayo
We present a study about the relations between pediatric oncological haematologists, mothers, and children in sharing bad news (BN) in a public hospital in Rio de Janeiro. The text emphasizes the intertwining of technique and emotions for the treatment of children with diagnoses in which the fatal outcome is always a probability. We used a qualitative approach, privileging participant observation and open interviews with oncologists (at this service all professionals were female) and mothers. We sought to understand the importance of communication which includes expressions and control of emotions; bioethical issues that require sensitivity, serenity, and truth about approaching the end of life; and how the professionals balance proximity to children and families and objectivity in their activity...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074313/characterizing-clinical-genetic-counselors-countertransference-experiences-an-exploratory-study
#7
Rebecca Reeder, Patricia McCarthy Veach, Ian M MacFarlane, Bonnie S LeRoy
Countertransference (CT) refers to conscious and unconscious emotions, fantasies, behaviors, perceptions, and psychological defenses genetic counselors experience in response to any aspect of genetic counseling situations (Weil 2010). Some authors theorize about the importance of recognizing and managing CT, but no studies solely aim to explore genetic counselors' experiences of the phenomenon. This study examined the extent to which clinical genetic counselors' perceive themselves as inclined to experience CT, gathered examples of CT encountered in clinical situations, and assessed their CT management strategies...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072478/the-difficulties-experienced-by-nurses-and-healthcare-staff-involved-in-the-process-of-breaking-bad-news
#8
Clare Warnock, Jean Buchanan, Angela Mary Tod
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the difficulties experienced by nurses and healthcare professionals when engaging in the process of breaking bad news. BACKGROUND: The challenges faced by staff when breaking bad news have previously been researched in relation to particular settings or participants. This study involved staff from diverse settings and roles to develop broader insights into the range of difficulties experienced in clinical practice. DESIGN: The study used a descriptive survey design involving self-reported written accounts and framework analysis...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062345/tumor-talk-and-child-well-being-perceptions-of-good-and-bad-news-among-parents-of-children-with-advanced-cancer
#9
Angela M Feraco, Veronica Dussel, Liliana Orellana, Tammy I Kang, J Russell Geyer, Abby R Rosenberg, Chris Feudtner, Joanne Wolfe
CONTEXT: Little is known about how parents of children with advanced cancer classify news they receive about their child's medical condition. OBJECTIVE: To develop concepts of "good news" and "bad news" in discussions of advanced childhood cancer from parent perspectives. METHODS: Parents of children with advanced cancer cared for at three children's hospitals were asked to share details of conversations in the preceding 3 months that contained "good news" or "bad news" related to their child's medical condition...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060981/-communication-of-medical-errors-to-patients-questions-and-tools
#10
María Luz Bascuñán, Ana María Arriagada
For several years and in many different ways, medical errors have been studied. As expected, the majority of efforts have been directed to prevent clinical errors during the different phases of health care. Nevertheless, less attention has been given to what happens when a negative effect has already occurred. The present work describes the doubts and difficulties that doctors deal with when facing an error and to describe the communicational tools that the literature offers to cope with them. The definition of medical error was the starting point that was used to later analyze the evidence about what, why and how to inform medical errors from an ethical and technical point of view...
September 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027147/breaking-bad-news-in-the-high-concern-low-trust-setting-how-to-get-your-story-heard
#11
Randall N Hyer, Vincent T Covello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018260/thrilling-news-revisited-the-role-of-suspense-for-the-enjoyment-of-news-stories
#12
Kai Kaspar, Daniel Zimmermann, Anne-Kathrin Wilbers
Previous research on news perception has been dominated by a cognitively oriented perspective on reception processes, whereas emotions have been widely neglected. Consequently, it has remained open which features of a news story might elicit affective responses and hence modulate news perception, shifting the focus to the emotional potential of the narrative. According to the affective-disposition theory, the experience of suspense is the striving force of immersion in fictional dramas. Thereby, a positive affective disposition toward the protagonist of a story and a high likelihood of a bad ending should increase suspense that, in turn, should positively influence reading appreciation and lingering interest in the story...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017202/family-carers-experiences-of-receiving-the-news-of-a-diagnosis-of-motor-neurone-disease-a-national-survey
#13
Samar M Aoun, Lauren J Breen, David Oliver, Robert D Henderson, Robert Edis, Margaret O'Connor, Denise Howting, Rodney Harris, Carol Birks
Family carers have a central role in the care and support of people with MND and face the challenges of the disease from diagnosis to progression and the multiple losses of MND, but their support needs are often neglected. This study aimed to investigate the experiences of family carers at the time of diagnosis and their satisfaction with receiving the news. An anonymous postal survey was facilitated by all MND Associations in Australia (2014) and 190 family carers completed the questionnaire. The questions centred on the SPIKES protocol for communicating bad news...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011365/prescription-hypnotics-in-the-news-a-study-of-uk-audiences
#14
Jonathan Gabe, Simon J Williams, Catherine M Coveney
In 2012 the UK media reported the results of a paper in the British Medical Journal Open, including the finding that hypnotics increase the risk of 'premature death'. Taking this media coverage as a case study, the paper explores UK people's responses and assesses the implications for the debate about the (de)pharmaceuticalisation of sleep. Two hundred and fifty one posts to the websites of 6 UK newspapers were analysed thematically, along with 12 focus group discussions (n = 51) of newspaper coverage from one UK newspaper...
November 23, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003834/discharge-against-medical-advice-at-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-gujarat-india
#15
Bhanu Devpura, Pranav Bhadesia, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Sandeep Desai, Ajay Phatak
Objective. We explored reasons for discharged against medical advice (DAMA) of neonates from a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) through in-depth interviews of the parents/guardians. Methods. Of 456 babies admitted to NICU during April 2014 to March 2015, 116 babies were DAMA. Parents of randomly selected 50 babies of these 116, residing within 50 kilometers, were approached for in-depth interviews at their homes. Audio recordings were done and manually transcribed, analyzed in detail to explore common threads leading to DAMA...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977249/award-for-distinguished-scientific-early-career-contributions-to-psychology-kate-sweeny
#16
(no author information available yet)
APA's Awards for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology recognize psychologists who have demonstrated excellence early in their careers. One of the 2016 award winners is Kate Sweeny, whose formulation of "crisis decision theory, the bad news response model, the uncertainty navigation model," and other theories and models demonstrate her capacity to provide "order and sense to unfocused and confusing research domains." Sweeny's award citation, biography, and bibliography are presented here...
November 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956571/right-brain-breaking-bad-news-communication-education-for-neurology-trainees
#17
Monica E Lemmon, Roy E Strowd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898142/sv%C3%A3-ra-samtal-med-patienter-tr%C3%A3-nas-p%C3%A3-kurs-med-sk%C3%A3-despelare-en-medveten-strategi-hj%C3%A3-lper-b%C3%A3-de-l%C3%A3-kare-och-patient
#18
Anders Danielsson, Hanna Dahlstrand, Franziska Edvinsson, Mattias Tranberg, Anna Wrangsjö, Carl-Johan Fürst
The physician's communication skill influences the patient's mental and physical wellbeing, as well as the physician's own experience of stress. Most patients wish to be informed about their disease, by physicians who are honest, gives time, sustains hope, listens and shows compassion and empathy. Even though there are established guidelines on how to break bad news, the physician must find out and respond to the unique reactions and needs of each individual, in order to communicate successfully. There is no consensus on how to construct and evaluate communication skills training programs for physicians, and more RCT-studies are requested...
November 22, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876220/breaking-bad-news-to-patients-with-cancer-a-randomized-control-trial-of-a-brief-communication-skills-training-module-incorporating-the-stories-and-preferences-of-actual-patients
#19
James Gorniewicz, Michael Floyd, Koyamangalath Krishnan, Thomas W Bishop, Fred Tudiver, Forrest Lang
OBJECTIVE: This study tested the effectiveness of a brief, learner-centered, breaking bad news (BBN) communication skills training module using objective evaluation measures. METHODS: This randomized control study (N=66) compared intervention and control groups of students (n=28) and residents' (n=38) objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) performance of communication skills using Common Ground Assessment and Breaking Bad News measures. RESULTS: Follow-up performance scores of intervention group students improved significantly regarding BBN (colon cancer (CC), p=0...
November 13, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857266/my-personal-journey-with-ovarian-cancer-treatment-caring-and-chemotherapy-tips
#20
Kim A Decker
Six years ago, I was diagnosed with stage IIIA ovarian low malignant cell potential cancer. It was the most shocking situation I have ever experienced. I didn't realize I had any symptoms, except occasional back pain, which I attributed to starting a new workout program. I had scheduled an abdominal computerized tomography (CT) scan for recurrent microscopic hematuria, which my internist wanted to check. I was told I would hear the results in two days. Two hours after my CT scan, while I was eating ice cream and watching television, an on-call genitourinary doctor (who I did not personally know) called to tell me the good news-that I had kidney stones, thus the microscopic hematuria...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
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