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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537754/development-of-a-standardized-kalamazoo-communication-skills-assessment-tool-for-radiologists-validation-multisource-reliability-and-lessons-learned
#1
Stephen D Brown, Elizabeth A Rider, Katherine Jamieson, Elaine C Meyer, Michael J Callahan, Carolynn M DeBenedectis, Sarah D Bixby, Michele Walters, Sara F Forman, Pamela H Varrin, Peter Forbes, Christopher J Roussin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test a standardized communication skills assessment instrument for radiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Delphi method was used to validate the Kalamazoo Communication Skills Assessment instrument for radiology by revising and achieving consensus on the 43 items of the preexisting instrument among an interdisciplinary team of experts consisting of five radiologists and four nonradiologists (two men, seven women)...
May 24, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503648/significance-of-psychological-stress-response-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-spouses-of-cancer-patients-when-given-bad-news
#2
Toyoko Kugimoto, Ryo Katsuki, Toshifumi Kosugi, Akihide Ohta, Hidetoshi Sato
OBJECTIVE: This study illuminates the degree of psychological stress response experienced by spouses of cancer patients when given bad news at three different times (notification of the name of the disease, notification of recurrence, and notification of terminality) as well as the factors that influence the response and the health status of the spouse as measured by health-related quality of life (QOL). METHODS: A total of 203 individuals (57 men and 146 women) who had received the three types of news were surveyed using a self-report questionnaire on psychological stress response, marital satisfaction, and health-related QOL scales...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501114/evaluation-of-palliative-care-training-and-skills-retention-by-medical-students
#3
Priti P Parikh, Mary T White, Lynne Buckingham, Kathryn M Tchorz
BACKGROUND: Training in palliative and end-of-life care has been introduced in medical education; however, the impact of such training and the retention of skills and knowledge have not been studied in detail. This survey study examines long-term follow-up on end-of-life communication skills training, evaluation, and skills retention in medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the surgical clerkship, all third-year medical students received communication skills training in palliative care using simulated patients...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498750/changing-demographics-of-marijuana-initiation-bad-news-or-good
#4
Richard A Grucza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481567/do-pigeons-columba-livia-use-information-about-the-absence-of-food-appropriately-a-further-look-into-suboptimal-choice
#5
Inês Fortes, Armando Machado, Marco Vasconcelos
In the natural environment, when an animal encounters a stimulus that signals the absence of food-a 'bad-news' stimulus-it will most likely redirect its search to another patch or prey. Because the animal does not pay the opportunity cost of waiting in the presence of a bad-news stimulus, the properties of the stimulus (e.g., its duration and probability) may have little impact in the evolution of the decision processes deployed in these circumstances. Hence, in the laboratory, when animals are forced to experience a bad-news stimulus they seem to ignore its duration, even though they pay the cost of waiting...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477398/individual-training-at-the-undergraduate-level-to-promote-competence-in-breaking-bad-news-in-oncology
#6
Alexandre Berney, Valérie Carrard, Marianne Schmid Mast, Raphael Bonvin, Friedrich Stiefel, Céline Bourquin
OBJECTIVE: Training medical students in breaking bad news (BBN) in oncology may be key to improve patient care in an area where many physicians tend to be uncomfortable. Given the lack of evidence in the literature, this study aimed to assess empirically the impact of two teaching strategies to prepare students for the task of BBN in oncology: one-to-one simulated patient (SP) training with individual feedback (intervention group) vs. small-group SP training with collective feedback (comparison group)...
May 5, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448386/barriers-to-goal-concordant-care-for-older-patients-with-acute-surgical-illness-communication-patterns-extrinsic-to-decision-aids
#7
Lauren J Taylor, Sara K Johnson, Michael J Nabozny, Jennifer L Tucholka, Nicole M Steffens, Kristine L Kwekkeboom, Karen J Brasel, Toby C Campbell, Margaret L Schwarze
OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize patterns of communication extrinsic to a decision aid that may impede goal-concordant care. BACKGROUND: Decision aids are designed to facilitate difficult clinical decisions by providing better treatment information. However, these interventions may not be sufficient to effectively reveal patient values and promote preference-aligned decisions for seriously ill, older adults. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of 31 decision-making conversations between surgeons and frail, older inpatients with acute surgical problems at a single tertiary care hospital...
April 26, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437212/the-impact-of-communication-skills-training-on-cardiology-fellows-and-attending-physicians-perceived-comfort-with-difficult-conversations
#8
Kathryn Berlacher, Robert M Arnold, Eva Reitschuler-Cross, Jeffrey Teuteberg, Winifred Teuteberg
BACKGROUND: Cardiologists need to decide which treatments are appropriate for seriously ill patients and whether they align with patient goals. Reconciling medical options with patients' wishes requires skilled communication. Although there is evidence that communication is teachable, few cardiologists receive formal training. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that providing communication skills training to cardiologists is feasible and improves their perceived preparedness (PP) for leading difficult conversations...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428163/public-response-to-scientific-misconduct-assessing-changes-in-public-sentiment-toward-the-stimulus-triggered-acquisition-of-pluripotency-stap-cell-case-via-twitter
#9
Alberto Gayle, Motomu Shimaoka
BACKGROUND: In this age of social media, any news-good or bad-has the potential to spread in unpredictable ways. Changes in public sentiment have the potential to either drive or limit investment in publicly funded activities, such as scientific research. As a result, understanding the ways in which reported cases of scientific misconduct shape public sentiment is becoming increasingly essential-for researchers and institutions, as well as for policy makers and funders. In this study, we thus set out to assess and define the patterns according to which public sentiment may change in response to reported cases of scientific misconduct...
April 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425886/an-overview-of-teaching-communication-of-bad-news-in-medical-school-should-a-lecture-be-adequate-to-address-the-topic
#10
Filipe Coutinho, Anisha Ramessur
INTRODUCTION: Delivering bad news is very common in medical daily practice. Several studies have shown a lack of effective communication skills amongst medical students, particularly concerning how to deliver bad news. The SPIKES protocol allows communicating bad news in a 6-step method. The aim of this study is to investigate the perspective of students related to this subject. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 45 minute lecture "Breaking Bad News" was given to 160 students in the fifth and sixth years of the Medicine course, using the SPIKES' protocol training...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411519/-breaking-good-news-neurologists-experiences-of-discussing-sudep-with-patients-in-scotland
#11
Tom Nisbet, Sue Turbull, Sharon Mulhern, Saif Razvi
Since the findings of a Fatal Accident Inquiry (FAI) in 2010, clinicians working in Scotland have been advised to discuss the risk of Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP) with patients immediately or soon after a diagnosis of epilepsy is made. A thematic analysis was used to describe the experiences discussing SUDEP of 10 clinicians (six Consultant Neurologists and four Neurology Registrars) working in Scotland. Contrary to previous research, clinicians appear to be routinely discussing SUDEP in a standardized fashion with newly diagnosed patients and the FAI appears to have instigated this change in practice...
May 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405409/effects-of-communication-skill-training-cst-based-on-spikes-for-insurance-covered-pharmacy-pharmacists-to-interact-with-simulated-cancer-patients
#12
Manako Hanya, Yoshitake Kanno, Junko Akasaki, Keiko Abe, Kazuhiko Fujisaki, Hiroyuki Kamei
BACKGROUND: With the development of pharmacotherapy and radiotherapy, cancer treatment is being shifted from surgical to outpatient services, consequently increasing insurance-covered pharmacies' frequency of dealing with cancer patients. As the psychology of these patients is complex, it is necessary for pharmacists to educate them in consideration of their cognitive/medical and psychosocial aspects. This study analyzed cancer patient management by pharmacists working in such pharmacies and their communication skills before and after communication skill training based on SPIKES, a six-step protocol for delivering bad news, to confirm the usefulness of such training...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399755/nmc-ruling-could-encourage-futile-cpr
#13
Alison Moore
What would you do if you found a patient had died in the night while under your care? Most nurses would inform their superiors and probably play a part in contacting relatives with the bad news. Their actions would be aimed at protecting the dignity of the person who had died and showing respect for them and their bereaved family.
April 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396377/good-news-bad-news-but-not-fake-news
#14
EDITORIAL
Juan Carlos Plana, Ana Barac
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390592/breaking-bad-news-quo-vadis
#15
EDITORIAL
Wolf Langewitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387153/breaking-bad-news-in-spinal-cord-injury-a-qualitative-study-assessing-the-perspective-of-spinal-cord-injury-survivors-in-turkey
#16
Ozden Ozyemisci-Taskiran, Ozlem Coskun, Isil Irem Budakoglu, Nesrin Demirsoy
Prior abstract publication: 2(nd) Medical Rehabilitation Congress; Nov 4-7, 2010; Ankara, Turkey Objective: This study aims to investigate the process of breaking bad news from the perspective of spinal cord injury survivors. DESIGN: A cross sectional, qualitative study Setting: Community Participants: Fourteen spinal cord injury survivors Interventions: Subjects participated in a semi-structured interview about 'when', 'where' 'by whom' and 'how' they received and 'would' prefer to receive bad news...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386983/investigating-the-factors-that-affect-the-communication-of-death-related-bad-news-to-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-by-staff-in-residential-and-supported-living-services-an-interview-study
#17
I Tuffrey-Wijne, T Rose
BACKGROUND: Most staff working in intellectual disability services will be confronted with people with intellectual disabilities who need support around death, dying and bereavement. Previous studies suggest that intellectual disability staff tend to protect clients from knowing about death and avoid communication about death. The aims of this study were to gain further insight into the individual, organisational and contextual factors that affect the communication of death-related bad news to people with intellectual disabilities by intellectual disability staff and to develop guidelines for services to enable appropriate communication with clients about death and dying...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378366/effects-of-patient-centered-communication-on-anxiety-negative-affect-and-trust-in-the-physician-in-delivering-a-cancer-diagnosis-a-randomized-experimental-study
#18
Jelena Zwingmann, Walter F Baile, Johann W Schmier, Jürg Bernhard, Monika Keller
BACKGROUND: When bad news about a cancer diagnosis is being delivered, patient-centered communication (PCC) has been considered important for patients' adjustment and well-being. However, few studies have explored how interpersonal skills might help cancer patients cope with anxiety and distress during bad-news encounters. METHODS: A prospective, experimental design was used to investigate the impact of the physician communication style during a bad-news encounter...
April 5, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330639/more-bad-news-for-patients-with-diabetes-and-a-thin-silver-lining
#19
EDITORIAL
Sorin J Brener
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330467/mental-health-care-and-delivery-system-at-temeke-hospital-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#20
Joel Seme Ambikile, Masunga K Iseselo
BACKGROUND: Low and middle income countries face many challenges in meeting mental health needs in their regions. Treatment of patients with mental disorders is inadequate in most of these countries and majority of individuals with severe mental disorders remain untreated. The bad news is that mental health problems in these countries are on the rise due to socioeconomic challenges being faced. Regardless of guidelines and directives provided by WHO for organizing mental health services, these countries continue to face many challenges in the effort to cater for mental health needs...
March 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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