keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Foot arthritis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303013/inhibition-of-plasma-kallikrein-kinin-system-to-alleviate-renal-injury-and-arthritis-symptoms-in-rats-with-adjuvant-induced-arthritis
#1
Jie Zhu, Hui Wang, Jingyu Chen, Wei Wei
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease. Impairment of kidney functions in RA was observed. However, the mechanism of kidney injury of RA has not been clear. Plasma kallikrein-kinin system (KKS) was involved in inflammatory processes in kidney disease. AIM: This study aimed to explore the role of plasma KKS in immune reactions and kidney injury of RA. RESULTS: The paw of AA rats appeared to be swelling and redness, the arthritis index was significantly increased on the 18, 21 and 24 d after injection and secondary inflammation in multi-sites was observed...
January 5, 2018: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284576/effect-of-obesity-on-total-ankle-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-of-postoperative-complications-requiring-surgical-revision
#2
REVIEW
Laura E Sansosti, Jennifer C Van, Andrew J Meyr
Total ankle arthroplasty has become an increasingly used alternative to ankle arthrodesis for the treatment of end-stage ankle arthritis. However, despite progressive technological advances and the advent of multiple commercial implant systems, some concern remains for the relatively high complication and failure rates. The objective of the present investigation was to perform a systematic review of the incidence of complications in obese patients undergoing total ankle arthroplasty. We performed a review of electronic databases with the inclusion criteria of retrospective case series, retrospective clinical cohort analyses, and prospective clinical trials with ≥15 total participants, a mean follow-up period of ≥12 months, ≥1 defined cohort with a body mass index of ≥30 kg/m2, and a reported incidence rate of complications requiring revisional surgery at the final follow-up point...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281812/dynamic-joint-stiffness-of-the-ankle-in-healthy-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-post-menopausal-women
#3
Pedro Aleixo, José Vaz-Patto, Helena Moreira, João Abrantes
The purpose of this study was to compare rheumatoid arthritis post-menopausal women (RAPW) with pathological involvement of the lower limb joints and age-matched healthy post-menopausal women (AHPW) in regard to the dynamic joint stiffness of the ankle (DJSankle) during the stance phase of gait. Data were collected from 18 RAPW and 18 AHPW. Gait was assessed by a three-dimensional motion analysis system synchronised with a force plate. Subjects walked barefoot at natural and self-selected speed, performing 14 valid trials (comprising 7 left and 7 right foot-steps on a force plate)...
December 13, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281739/lower-temperatures-reduce-type-i-interferon-activity-and-promote-alphaviral-arthritis
#4
Natalie A Prow, Bing Tang, Joy Gardner, Thuy T Le, Adam Taylor, Yee S Poo, Eri Nakayama, Thiago D C Hirata, Helder I Nakaya, Andrii Slonchak, Pamela Mukhopadhyay, Suresh Mahalingam, Wayne A Schroder, William Klimstra, Andreas Suhrbier
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) belongs to a group of mosquito-borne alphaviruses associated with acute and chronic arthropathy, with peripheral and limb joints most commonly affected. Using a mouse model of CHIKV infection and arthritic disease, we show that CHIKV replication and the ensuing foot arthropathy were dramatically reduced when mice were housed at 30°C, rather than the conventional 22°C. The effect was not associated with a detectable fever, but was dependent on type I interferon responses. Bioinformatics analyses of RNA-Seq data after injection of poly(I:C)/jetPEI suggested the unfolded protein response and certain type I interferon responses are promoted when feet are slightly warmer...
December 27, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251168/lateral-collapse-of-the-tarsal-navicular-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-implications-for-pes-planovarus-deformity
#5
Takumi Matsumoto, Yuji Maenohara, Song Ho Chang, Jun Hirose, Takuo Juji, Katsumi Ito, Sakae Tanaka
OBJECTIVES: In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the talonavicular joint is commonly involved and midfoot collapse can lead to progressive flattening of the arch. Despite a general awareness of the important structural role of the talonavicular joint in rheumatoid foot disease, details of its destructive pattern has not been elucidated. METHODS: We cross-sectionally investigated 176 RA patients (342 feet) and classified their feet into the following five groups according to radiographic findings: arthritis; (RA changes with normal navicular shape), Müller-Weiss Disease (MWD); (collapse of the lateral aspect of the tarsal navicular), flat; (flattened navicular), ankylosis; (ankylosis of the talonavicular joint), and normal...
December 18, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246891/corneal-perforation-from-peripheral-ulcerative-keratopathy-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-epidemiological-findings-of-the-british-ophthalmological-surveillance-unit
#6
Hannah Mary Timlin, Hildegard Nikki Hall, Barny Foot, Peter Koay
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study quantifies the threat to vision and the survival in patients presenting with peripheral ulcerative keratopathy (PUK) corneal perforation associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the UK. METHODS: New cases of corneal perforation from PUK in patients with RA were prospectively collected from the UK via the British Ophthalmological Surveillance Unit from July 2012 to June 2014. An initial questionnaire collected data on presentation and the first 2 weeks' management, and a follow-up questionnaire collected 1-year data on ocular morbidity and mortality...
December 15, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204762/magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-of-feet-demonstrates-subclinical-inflammatory-joint-disease-in-cutaneous-psoriasis-patients-without-clinical-arthritis
#7
Ashish J Mathew, Paul Bird, Ankan Gupta, Renu George, Debashish Danda
We evaluated inflammation at the small joints of feet in psoriasis patients without clinical arthritis (PsO) as against clinically overt psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients, using a low field magnet extremity MRI (eMRI). Patients with psoriasis recruited from dermatology and rheumatology clinics of a tertiary care institution in southern India were divided into PsO and PsA groups. Demographic and physical examination details were recorded. Consenting patients underwent non-contrast eMRI of the right foot. Two trained readers scored the MRI parameters of inflammation (synovitis, tenosynovitis, osteitis) using a modification of the PsA magnetic resonance imaging score (PsAMRIS)...
December 4, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202587/focussing-on-the-foot-in-psoriatic-arthritis-pathology-and-management-options
#8
Aimie Patience, Philip S Helliwell, Heidi J Siddle
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a heterogeneous chronic inflammatory arthritis characterised by a range of musculoskeletal conditions including enthesitis, dactylitis and synovitis as well as skin and nail manifestations. The foot is a complex mixture of tissues, all of which can be involved in this disease and is frequently the presenting feature. Areas covered: In this under-researched area, articles were reviewed from the authors' publications as well as from other known authors. This review will discuss how PsA affects the foot and ankle with a particular focus on synovitis, tenosynovitis, enthesitis, dactylitis, bone erosion and psoriatic skin and nail disease...
December 5, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200618/effects-of-individual-and-group-exercise-programs-on-pain-balance-mobility-and-perceived-benefits-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-with-pain-and-foot-deformities
#9
Carolina Mendes do Carmo, Bruna Almeida da Rocha, Clarice Tanaka
[Purpose] To verify the effects of individual and group exercise programs on pain, balance, mobility and perceived benefits of rheumatoid arthritis patients (RA) with pain and foot deformities. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty patients with RA pain and foot deformity were allocated into two groups: G1: individual exercise program and G2: group exercise program. The variables analyzed were Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) for pain, Berg Balance Scale (BBS) for balance, Timed Up & Go Test (TUG) and Functional Reach (FR) for mobility, and Foot Health Status Questionnaire (FHSQ-Br) for perceived benefits...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195001/the-foot-as-a-barrier-in-patients-with-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-an-interview-study-among-swedish-women-and-men
#10
Mathilda Björk, Ingrid Thyberg, Eva Valtersson, Gunnel Östlund, Birgitta Stenström, Annette Sverker
OBJECTIVE: Foot impairments are related to reduced mobility and participation restrictions in daily activities in patients with established rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The new biological medications are effective and reduce disease activity, but not disability to the same extent. Foot impairments are assumed to be related to participation restrictions also in patients with early RA, diagnosed after the introduction of biological medications. The knowledge of foot impairments needs to be more explored after the introduction of biological disease-modifying drugs (bDMARDs)...
December 1, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174793/footwear-interventions-for-foot-pain-function-impairment-and-disability-for-people-with-foot-and-ankle-arthritis-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Mike Frecklington, Nicola Dalbeth, Peter McNair, Peter Gow, Anita Williams, Matthew Carroll, Keith Rome
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a literature review on the effectiveness of footwear on foot pain, function, impairment and disability for people with foot and ankle arthritis. METHODS: A search of the electronic databases Scopus, Medline, CINAHL, SportDiscus and the Cochrane Library was undertaken in September 2017. The key inclusion criteria were studies reporting on findings of footwear interventions for people with arthritis with foot pain, function, impairment and/or disability...
November 3, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170505/ilizarov-external-fixation-versus-plate-internal-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-end-stage-ankle-arthritis-decision-analysis-of-clinical-parameters
#12
Jun Li, Bohua Li, Zhengdong Zhang, Shanxi Wang, Lei Liu
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Ilizarov external fixation (IEF) and plate internal fixation (PIF) in the treatment of end-stage ankle arthritis on pain relieving and function improvement. The study cohort consisted of 59 patients with end-stage ankle arthritis underwent ankle arthrodesis with IEF or PIF between June 2011 and June 2015. Standard radiographs and computed tomography (CT) scans were obtained before surgery and during the follow-up. Functional assessments were performed using Foot and Ankle pain score of American Orthopedics Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)...
November 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156170/computed-navigation-guidance-for-ankle-replacement-in-the-setting-of-ankle-deformity
#13
REVIEW
Feras J Waly, Nicholas E Yeo, Murray J Penner
Total ankle replacement (TAR) has evolved over the past decade as a treatment for end-stage ankle arthritis with improved survivorship. Despite the improving outcomes, ankle deformity represents a challenge to the foot and ankle surgeon with increased risk of implant failure. The use of preoperative computer-assisted guidance has led to better understanding the 3-dimensional ankle anatomy and associated deformities and allows for reproducible, anatomic placement of the TAR components.
January 2018: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114624/sports-and-recreational-activities-following-total-ankle-replacement
#14
Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Andrea Pantalone, Camilla Maccario, Matteo Guelfi, Vincenzo Salini
Purpose  In literature, there is a controversy regarding whether patients who have undergone total ankle replacement (TAR) can participate in sports and recreational activities. The purpose of this study was to report change in sports activity level after TAR. Methods  A retrospective study was performed, enrolling 76 patients with symptomatic end-stage ankle arthritis who underwent TAR from May 2011 to October 2014. Patients were mainly males (44/76; 58%) and 56 years old on average (range: 22.3-79.6 years) at the time of surgery...
March 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097951/effect-of-foot-manipulation-on-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-a-feasibility-study
#15
Camilla Melkersson, Salmir Nasic, Karin Starzmann, Kristina Bengtsson Boström
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate if the research process to evaluate the effect of foot manipulation on pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) is feasible. Methods: A randomized, single-blind (patients and evaluators) pilot trial was performed to compare foot manipulation to a comparative group at 6-weekly treatment sessions at 5 physiotherapy outpatient clinics in Skaraborg primary care (Skövde, Sweden). Women at 12 to 31 weeks of pregnancy with well-defined PPGP (n = 97) and joint dysfunction or decreased range of movement in the feet were included...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093269/b-cell-derived-il-4-acts-on-podocytes-to-induce-proteinuria-and-foot-process-effacement
#16
Alfred Hj Kim, Jun-Jae Chung, Shreeram Akilesh, Ania Koziell, Sanjay Jain, Jeffrey B Hodgin, Mark J Miller, Thaddeus S Stappenbeck, Jeffrey H Miner, Andrey S Shaw
The efficacy of B cell depletion therapies in diseases such as nephrotic syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis suggests a broader role in B cells in human disease than previously recognized. In some of these diseases, such as the minimal change disease subtype of nephrotic syndrome, pathogenic antibodies and immune complexes are not involved. We hypothesized that B cells, activated in the kidney, might produce cytokines capable of directly inducing cell injury and proteinuria. To directly test our hypothesis, we targeted a model antigen to the kidney glomerulus and showed that transfer of antigen-specific B cells could induce glomerular injury and proteinuria...
November 2, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090022/prevalence-impact-and-care-of-foot-problems-in-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-a-united-kingdom-based-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Oonagh Wilson, Sarah Hewlett, James Woodburn, Jon Pollock, John Kirwan
BACKGROUND: Foot symptoms in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) derive from a combination of inflammation, altered foot mechanics, deformity and secondary skin lesions. Guidelines recommend regular review of patients' feet, but the extent to which the general population of RA patients report foot symptoms and access foot care has not been established. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence, impact and care of foot problems in all patients with RA in one geographical area and identify factors associated with accessing foot care...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079232/foot-pressure-changes-before-and-after-ankle-fusion-a-pedobarograph-study
#18
Gabriel Ayonmigbesimi Akra, Akinwande Olusanya Adedapo
We performed a case-control study with the purpose of establishing the pressure patterns in the soles of the feet of patients with ankle osteoarthritis, determining whether the pattern changed after treating the arthritis with ankle joint fusion (arthrodesis), and whether the change is significant. We also studied the benefits of ankle fusion with respect to the Short-Form 36-item Health Survey and the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot scale. The study included 18 participants (9 in the study group and 9 in the control group) to reach statistical significance with a 95% confidence interval (CI)...
November 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069047/amputation-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-due-to-a-giant-gouty-tophi-a-case-report
#19
Chenchen Zhou, Cheng Xue, Bo Yang, Wutao Wang, Yanqiu Xu, Fang Huang, Yi Wang
RATIONALE: The first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP1) is the most frequent site of gouty tophi. We report an unusual case with a giant skin-perforating tophi. This is the first case of gouty tophi at MTP1 which accepts surgical debulking and amputation. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 42-year-old man presented with a seven-year history of gout and a giant tophi at MTP1. The patient was referred to hospital due to persistent pain and ulcerations on the surface of the left MTP1...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992368/unilateral-plantar-erythema-nodosum-in-sarcoidosis
#20
Axel J Hueber, Georg Schett, Bernhard Manger
A 32-year old male Caucasian patient presented with mild exertional dyspnea, pain and swelling of both ankles, and general malaise. On examination symmetrical arthritis of both ankles and a vivid nodular erythema with slight pain on pressure was detected on the sole of the right foot (A). A therapy with ibuprofen had not led to any improvement of symptoms. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
October 9, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
keyword
keyword
78936
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"