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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742468/native-septic-arthritis-is-not-an-immediate-surgical-emergency
#1
Nicolas Lauper, Marie Davat, Ergys Gjika, Camillo Müller, Wilson Belaieff, Didier Pittet, Benjamin A Lipsky, Didier Hannouche, Ilker Uçkay
Acute native joint septic arthritis is generally considered a surgical emergency, requiring drainage within hours, including during night, weekend or holiday shifts. However, there are few data supporting the need for the disruption caused by this degree of urgency. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all adult patients seen in our medical center from 1997-2015 with culture-proven septic arthritis and noted the epidemiology of sequelae, and their possible association with a delay in surgical drainage...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731459/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-toward-the-best-practice-the-utility-of-mri-for-clinical-practice-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#2
Mami Tamai
Imaging is important and essential for clinical practice in rheumatoid arthritis(RA). MRI and musculoskeletal ultrasonography(MSUS)are helpful to detect early as well as accurate joint injury of RA patients, and thus, potentially useful in early diagnosis, evaluating disease activity, therapeutic outcome and prediction of joint outcome. Articular synovitis, tenosynovitis and bone marrow edema are useful to predict RA progression. Bone marrow edema is closely associated with radiographic bone erosion. In addition, we are necessary to pay attention to the influence of aging that increases of MRI-detected joint changes, especially in hand and foot joints...
2018: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724452/patterns-of-peripheral-joint-involvement-in-psoriatic-arthritis-symmetric-ray-and-or-row
#3
Vinod Chandran, Lynne Stecher, Vern Farewell, Dafna D Gladman
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine whether joint involvement in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) follows a symmetric, ray, and/or row pattern using longitudinal data. METHODS: Data on activity and clinical damage of the joints of the hands and feet were obtained from a PsA cohort. For each analysis (symmetry, ray or row) for each outcome (joint damage and activity) expected values for table cells under the null hypothesis that joints progress independently to damage or activity were calculated based on a logistic regression model with patient level random effects for the probability of involvement developing between clinic visits...
March 9, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718310/clinical-features-and-outcomes-of-children-with-culture-negative-septic-arthritis
#4
Evangelos Spyridakis, Jeffrey S Gerber, Emily Schriver, Robert W Grundmeier, Eric A Porsch, Joseph W St Geme, Kevin J Downes
Background: Septic arthritis is a serious infection, but the results of blood and joint fluid cultures are often negative in children. We describe here the clinical features and management of culture-negative septic arthritis in children at our hospital and their outcomes. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of a cohort of children with septic arthritis who were hospitalized at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia between January 2002 and December 2014. Culture-negative septic arthritis was defined as a joint white blood cell count of >50000/μL with associated symptoms, a clinical diagnosis of septic arthritis, and a negative culture result...
April 30, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715225/modified-scarf-osteotomy-with-medial-capsule-interposition-for-hallux-valgus-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-study-of-cases-including-severe-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-destruction
#5
Junichi Kushioka, Makoto Hirao, Hideki Tsuboi, Kosuke Ebina, Takaaki Noguchi, Akihide Nampei, Shigeyoshi Tsuji, Shosuke Akita, Jun Hashimoto, Hideki Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint has been recommended for severe hallux valgus deformity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, with the progress of medical treatment of RA, joint preservation surgery has recently been performed. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of modified Scarf osteotomy with medial capsule interposition for RA cases including severe destruction of the first MTP joint and to evaluate risk factors for recurrence...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712616/what-is-the-added-value-of-ultrasound-joint-examination-for-monitoring-synovitis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-can-it-be-used-to-guide-treatment-decisions-a-systematic-review-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#6
Emma Simpson, Emma Hock, Matt Stevenson, Ruth Wong, Naila Dracup, Allan Wailoo, Philip Conaghan, Cristina Estrach, Christopher Edwards, Richard Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Synovitis (inflamed joint synovial lining) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can be assessed by clinical examination (CE) or ultrasound (US). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the added value of US, compared with CE alone, in RA synovitis in terms of clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane databases were searched from inception to October 2015. REVIEW METHODS: A systematic review sought RA studies that compared additional US with CE...
April 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705475/the-effects-of-reflexology-on-pain-and-sleep-deprivation-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Ercan Bakir, Sevgin Samancioglu Baglama, Savas Gursoy
OBJECTIVE: This study was intended to examine the effect of foot reflexology on RA patients' pain and sleep quality. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial and was held at the "Rheumatology Follow-up Polyclinic" in Turkey between January-July 2015. A total of 60 patients were included in the research. A sociodemographic data form, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were used. Foot Reflexology was administered to the experimental group...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683839/obesity-impacts-swelling-of-ankle-and-foot-joints-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#8
Veena K Ranganath, Erin L Duffy, Vikram K Garg, Thasia Woodworth, Mihaela Taylor, Harold E Paulus, Roy D Altman, David A Elashoff
OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of disease activity in obese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients presents challenges particularly in the clinical assessment of swollen joints. This study examines the effect of obesity on the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) core set measures used in assessing RA disease activity with specific focus on the swollen joint count (SJC). METHODS: We examined a cross-sectional cohort of 323 early seropositive RA patients (symptom duration ≤15 months)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662779/finite-element-analysis-of-biomechanical-effects-of-total-ankle-arthroplasty-on-the-foot
#9
Yan Wang, Zengyong Li, Duo Wai-Chi Wong, Cheng-Kung Cheng, Ming Zhang
Background: Total ankle arthroplasty is gaining popularity as an alternation to ankle arthrodesis for end-stage ankle arthritis. Owing to the complex anatomical characteristics of the ankle joint, total ankle arthroplasty has higher failure rates. Biomechanical exploration of the effects of total ankle arthroplasty on the foot and ankle is imperative for the precaution of postoperative complications. The objectives of this study are (1) to investigate the biomechanical differences of the foot and ankle between the foot with total ankle arthroplasty and the intact foot and (2) to investigate the performance of the three-component ankle prosthesis...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656142/management-of-foot-ankle-osteoarthritis-by-australian-general-practitioners-an-analysis-of-national-patient-encounter-records
#10
Kade L Paterson, Christopher Harrison, Helena Britt, Rana S Hinman, Kim L Bennell
OBJECTIVE: To document the management of foot/ankle osteoarthritis/arthritis (OA) by general practitioners (GP) in Australia. DESIGN: We analysed data from the Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health Program April 2010-March 2016 inclusive. Patient and GP encounter characteristics were extracted. Data were classified by the International Classification of Primary Care, Version 2, and summarised using descriptive statistics and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) around point estimates...
April 12, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652702/microwave-radiometry-derived-thermal-changes-of-small-joints-as-additional-potential-biomarker-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-prospective-pilot-study
#11
George Pentazos, Katerina Laskari, Kleanthis Prekas, John Raftakis, Petros P Sfikakis, Elias Siores
OBJECTIVE: A prospective pilot study was performed using microwave radiometry (MR), a noninvasive method detecting in-depth tissue temperature, to evaluate whether temperature-of-small-joint-derived scores correlate to parameters commonly used to assess disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Ten patients with active, untreated RA underwent clinical and laboratory assessments and joint ultrasound and MR of hand and foot small joints at baseline and at 15, 30, and 90 days after treatment onset...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626020/bone-and-joint-infection
#12
Julia Colston, Bridget Atkins
Bone and joint infections include septic arthritis, prosthetic joint infections, osteomyelitis, spinal infections (discitis, vertebral osteomyelitis and epidural abscess) and diabetic foot osteomyelitis. All of these may present through the acute medical take. This article discusses the pathogenesis of infection and highlights the importance of taking a careful history and fully examining the patient. It also emphasises the importance of early surgical intervention in many cases. Consideration of alternative diagnoses, appropriate imaging and high-quality microbiological sampling is important to allow appropriate and targeted antimicrobial therapy...
March 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619844/comparison-of-screws-to-plate-and-screw-constructs-for-midfoot-arthrodesis
#13
Jamal Ahmad, Mary-Katherine Lynch, Mitchell Maltenfort
BACKGROUND: We performed a prospective comparison of screws versus plate-and-screws for midfoot arthrodesis. MATERIALS: Between 2010 and 2015, a total of 50 patients with midfoot arthritis received screws or plate-and-screws for their midfoot arthrodesis. Function and pain were graded with the Foot and Ankle Ability Measures (FAAM) and visual analog scale (VAS), respectively. Data regarding arthrodesis healing and complications were recorded. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients received screws for fusion, where 21 achieved full arthrodesis healing by 6 months from surgery...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571743/acute-inflammatory-syndrome-paradoxically-induced-by-de-novo-purine-inhibitors-synthesis-before-renal-transplantation-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Y Maruyama, T Sadahira, Y Mitsui, K Wada, R Tanimoto, S Nishimura, Y Kobayashi, T Watanabe, Y Nasu, M Araki
BACKGROUND: Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and mizoribine (MZR) are increasingly used as immunosuppressive agents for organ transplantation and chronic inflammation. We report a patient with rheumatoid arthritis who had an acute inflammatory syndrome triggered by preoperative immunosuppression therapy with both MMF and MZR. CASE REPORT: A 41-year-old woman with IgA nephropathy was referred to our department for living donor renal transplantation. She had rheumatoid arthritis that was adequately treated with prednisolone 5 mg once a day and salazosulfapyridine 2000 mg once a day...
March 21, 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567569/ipsilateral-stress-fracture-of-the-proximal-fibula-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-a-patient-with-severe-valgus-knee-deformity-on-a-background-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#15
Hirokazu Takai, Sakumo Kii, Masatoshi Murayama, Nobutake Nakane, Tomoki Takahashi
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have reported a lower extremity stress fracture after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, a fibular fracture after TKA is quite rare. We report a case of proximal fibula fracture after TKA in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 45 year old woman with RA had severe knee and foot pain with an antalgic gait disturbance. There was a significant joint deformity in many of lower limb joints. Interval bilateral TKAs were performed two weeks apart...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556705/the-effectiveness-of-therapeutic-shoes-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Marloes Tenten-Diepenmaat, Marike van der Leeden, Thea P M Vliet Vlieland, Leo D Roorda, Joost Dekker
The study summarizes the evidence on the effectiveness of therapeutic shoes on foot function, foot pain, physical functioning, health-related quality of life, adherence, adverse events and patient satisfaction in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Studies investigating the effect of (ready- or custom-made) therapeutic shoes were included. For between-group designs, studies comparing therapeutic shoes versus non-therapeutic shoes were included. A literature search was conducted in The Cochrane Central Registry for Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, EMBASE and PEDro up to January 19, 2017...
March 20, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555896/talar-neck-fracture-with-dislocation-combined-with-bimalleolar-ankle-fracture-a-case-report
#17
Ahmad M Radaideh, Ziad A Audat, Abdullah A Saleh
BACKGROUND Fractures of the talus are uncommon injuries that usually involve the talar neck, rather than the talar body. This report is of a rare case of combined left talar neck fracture and adjacent joint dislocation with an ipsilateral bimalleolar ankle fracture. CASE REPORT A 37-year-old man presented with an injury to his left foot following a motor vehicle accident. When he presented to the hospital emergency department, his left foot and ankle were swollen, the overlying skin was intact but badly contused, and there was no neurovascular deficit...
March 20, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553909/modified-abaxial-approach-for-resection-of-the-distal-sesamoid-bone-and-distal-interphalangeal-joint-while-preserving-the-digital-flexor-tendons-of-three-angus-bulls-with-septic-arthritis
#18
Sarel R van Amstel, David E Anderson, Ricardo Videla
CASE DESCRIPTION 3 Angus bulls, aged 2 to 3 years, with severe lameness of 2 to 4 weeks' duration and swelling proximal to the coronary band of the affected limb were evaluated after failing to respond to antimicrobial treatment. CLINICAL FINDINGS Septic arthritis of a distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) was diagnosed in all 3 bulls on the basis of results of a physical examination, radiographic and ultrasonographic evaluations of the affected foot, and cytologic evaluation of synovial fluid from the affected DIPJ...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542372/interleukin-6-and-iga-rheumatoid-factor-are-crucial-for-baseline-erosiveness-and-anti-citrullinated-peptide-antibodies-for-radiographic-progression-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-treated-according-to-a-treat-to-target-strategy
#19
A L Fedele, L Petricca, B Tolusso, S Alivernini, S Canestri, C Di Mario, S L Bosello, G Ferraccioli, E Gremese
OBJECTIVES: To define baseline clinical and immunological characteristics [anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPAs), immunoglobulin M (IgM)- and IgA-rheumatoid factor (RF), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels] involved in determining baseline erosiveness, outcome, and radiographic progression among seropositive and seronegative early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA) patients. METHOD: The 408 ERA patients enrolled in the study were monitored every 3 months according to the treat-to-target strategy...
March 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538382/a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials-assessing-effectiveness-of-prosthetic-and-orthotic-interventions
#20
Aoife Healy, Sybil Farmer, Anand Pandyan, Nachiappan Chockalingam
BACKGROUND: Assistive products are items which allow older people and people with disabilities to be able to live a healthy, productive and dignified life. It has been estimated that approximately 1.5% of the world's population need a prosthesis or orthosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically identify and review the evidence from randomized controlled trials assessing effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of prosthetic and orthotic interventions...
2018: PloS One
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