Read by QxMD icon Read

Porcine factor viii

K Trautmann-Grill, O Tiebel, K Hölig, U Platzbecker
Acquired hemophilia A is a rare, potentially life-threatening disease resulting from autoantibodies against coagulation factor VIII. We report the case of a patient with acquired hemophilia A and severe bleeding after incision of a peritonsillar abscess. Treatment with high dose factor VIII and recombinant activated factor VII failed to control bleeding. However, a single infusion of recombinant porcine factor VIII stopped bleeding efficiently and resulted in measurable factor VIII levels.
May 17, 2018: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
Samantha Pasca, Vincenzo De Angelis, Marta Milan, Ezio Zanon
: Bypassing agents are the first-line therapy in the treatment of acquired hemophilia A (AHA), but not the only one. Other options as recombinant porcine factor VIII or plasmaderived concentrates (pdFVIII) are available to clinicians. Aim of this study was to evaluate whether the pdFVIII can still play a role in the treatment of AHA, and which patients could benefit from this therapy. All patients with AHA, presenting severe cardiovascular comorbidities, and treated with pdFVIII with or without von Willebrand factor (vWF), referred to two different hospitals, were initially considered...
March 31, 2018: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
Hiroyuki Kaneko, Kazuhiro Kikuchi, Michiko Nakai, Daiichiro Fuchimoto, Shunichi Suzuki, Shoichiro Sembon, Junko Noguchi, Akira Onishi
Grafting of testicular tissue into immunodeficient mice makes it possible to obtain functional sperm from immature donor animals that cannot be used for reproduction. We have developed a porcine model of human haemophilia A (haemophilia-A pigs) by nuclear transfer cloning from foetal fibroblasts after disruption of the X-linked coagulation factor VIII (F8) gene. Despite having a recessive condition, female F8+/- cloned pigs died of severe bleeding at an early age, as was the case for male F8-/Y cloned pigs, thus making it impossible to obtain progeny...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
J D Beckman, L A Holle, A S Wolberg
Essentials Factor XIII (FXIII)-mediated fibrin crosslinking is delayed in hemophilia. We determined effects of FXIII cotreatment with hemostatic agents on clot parameters. FXIII cotreatment accelerated FXIII activation and crosslinking of fibrin and α2 -antiplasmin. These data provide biochemical rationale for FXIII cotreatment in hemophilia. SUMMARY: Background Hemophilia A results from the absence, deficiency or inhibition of factor VIII. Bleeding is treated with hemostatic agents (FVIII, recombinant activated FVII [rFVIIa], anti-inhibitor coagulation complex [FEIBA], or recombinant porcine FVIII [rpFVIII])...
January 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Emma Fosbury, Anja Drebes, Anne Riddell, Pratima Chowdary
Acquired haemophilia A (AHA) is a rare, serious bleeding disorder most often encountered in elderly patients. The mainstay of haemostatic management is with bypassing agents (BPAs) including recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) and activated prothrombin complex concentrates (aPCCs). Their major limitation is incomplete efficacy, potential risk for thrombosis and the lack of routine laboratory assays for monitoring treatment response. Plasma-derived porcine FVIII (pd-pFVIII, Hyate C® ), first used in the 1950s for the management of congenital haemophilia, has sufficient sequence homology to be haemostatic in humans, but the lack of complete homology facilitates efficacy even in the presence of human allo- and autoantibodies against human FVIII (hFVIII)...
September 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
Nalyssa I Rivera Cora, Freddie Irizarry Delgado, Santa M Merle Ramírez, Jorge Vera Quiñones
BACKGROUND: Acquired Hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare hematological disorder that exhibits an incidence of approximately 1.5 cases per million patients a year. It is characterized by the development of autoantibodies against circulating Factor VIII coagulation proteins which, in turn, which in turn lead to potentially life-threatening hemorrhagic episodes. The incidence of AHA increases with age; with 80% of the affected patient population encompassing men and women that are 65 years or older...
September 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Joerg Kahle, Aleksander Orlowski, Diana Stichel, John F Healey, Ernest T Parker, Marc Jacquemin, Manuela Krause, Andreas Tiede, Dirk Schwabe, Pete Lollar, Christoph Königs
Several studies showed that neutralizing anti-factor VIII (anti-fVIII) antibodies (inhibitors) in patients with acquired hemophilia A (AHA) and congenital hemophilia A (HA) are primarily directed to the A2 and C2 domains. In this study, the frequency and epitope specificity of anti-C1 antibodies were analyzed in acquired and congenital hemophilia inhibitor patients (n = 178). The domain specificity of antibodies was studied by homolog-scanning mutagenesis (HSM) with single human domain human/porcine fVIII proteins and antibody binding to human A2, C1, and C2 domains presented as human serum albumin (HSA) fusion proteins...
August 10, 2017: Blood
S E Croteau, Y L Abajas, A S Wolberg, B I Nielsen, G R Marx, C W Baird, E J Neufeld, P E Monahan
INTRODUCTION: High-titre factor VIII (FVIII) inhibitors complicate peri-operative haemostasis. Recombinant porcine FVIII (r-pFVIII) may provide an alternative haemostatic agent for high-risk procedures and allow FVIII activity monitoring. AIM: Devise an effective haemostatic plan for repair of a progressively symptomatic aortic coarctation in a 5-year-old male with immune tolerance induction (ITI) refractory high-titre FVIII inhibitors. METHODS: Preprocedure human FVIII inhibitor titre was 58 Bethesda Units mL-1 (BU) and cross-reacted to neutralize porcine FVIII at 30 BU...
March 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
J N Mahlangu, T A Andreeva, D E Macfarlane, C Walsh, N S Key
INTRODUCTION: Development of inhibitors to human FVIII (hFVIII) significantly complicates the control of bleeding events in patients with haemophilia A. AIM: This prospective, multicentre, open-label, non-comparative, Phase II study evaluated the haemostatic activity of a recombinant B-domain-deleted porcine FVIII (r-pFVIII), in the treatment of non-life/non-limb-threatening bleeding in individuals with haemophilia A and FVIII inhibitors. METHODS: Acute bleeding episodes in patients with pFVIII inhibitor titres <0...
January 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
M D Tarantino, A Cuker, B Hardesty, J C Roberts, M Sholzberg
INTRODUCTION: A recombinant porcine factor VIII B-domain-deleted product (rpFVIII; OBIZUR, Baxalta Incorporated, Deerfield, IL 60015, USA) was recently approved for treatment of bleeding episodes in adults with acquired haemophilia A (AHA) in the United States. To date, no clinical experience outside the registration study has been reported. AIM: To describe early clinical experience using rpFVIII for AHA. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of seven patients with AHA treated with rpFVIII at four institutions from November 2014 to October 2015...
January 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
M Shima, D Lillicrap, R Kruse-Jarres
The development of inhibitors to factor VIII (FVIII) or factor IX (FIX) remains a major treatment complication encountered in the treatment of haemophilia. Not all patients with even the same severity and genotype develop inhibitors suggesting an underlying mechanism of tolerance against FVIII- or FIX-related immunity. One mechanism may be central tolerance observed in patients in whom the FVIII mutation enables some production of the protein. The other is a peripheral tolerance mechanism which may be evident in patients with null mutation...
July 2016: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Christina Hart, Stephan Schmid
The phase III non-vitamin K dependent oral anticoagulants (NOAC) studies and recently published real world data on the use of dabigatran and rivaroxaban have shown that the bleeding profile in particular of intracranial and other life-threatening bleeding of NOAC is more favourable than that of warfarin. In case of a bleeding complication in a patient treated with a NOAC the recently updated EHRA practical guide offers management strategies. Idarucizumab, the specific antidot for dabigatran is approved to reverse the anticoagulant effect of dabigatran-treated patients who have serious bleeding and require an urgent procedure...
June 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Celeste B Burness, Lesley J Scott
Intravenous susoctocog alfa (Obizur(®)) is a recombinant, B-domain deleted, porcine sequence antihaemophilic factor VIII (FVIII) product that has recently been approved for the treatment of bleeding episodes in adults with acquired haemophilia A (AHA). Intravenous susoctocog alfa was an effective and generally well tolerated treatment for serious bleeding episodes in adult patients with AHA in a multinational, phase II/III trial (n = 28 evaluable). Patients received an initial dose of susoctocog alfa 200 U/kg, with subsequent dosages based on target FVIII trough levels and clinical assessments...
May 2016: Drugs
D Lillicrap, A Schiviz, C Apostol, P Wojciechowski, F Horling, C K Lai, C Piskernik, W Hoellriegl, P Lollar
INTRODUCTION: Acquired haemophilia A (AHA) is a rare, often severe, auto-immune bleeding disorder caused by the development of inhibitory antibodies (inhibitors) to factor VIII (FVIII). Bypassing agents, recombinant activated FVII or activated prothrombin complex concentrate, are currently recommended as first-line treatments to control bleeding events in patients with AHA. AIM: A plasma-derived porcine FVIII (Hyate:C, Ipsen, UK) was used as a first-line treatment for AHA but was discontinued in 2004 due to viral safety concerns...
August 17, 2015: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Maissaa Janbain, Cindy A Leissinger, Rebecca Kruse-Jarres
Acquired hemophilia A is a rare autoimmune disorder caused by an autoantibody (inhibitor) to factor VIII (FVIII) that interferes with its coagulant function and predisposes to severe, potentially life-threatening hemorrhage. Disease management focuses on controlling bleeding, primarily with the use of bypassing therapy and recombinant porcine FVIII, and permanently eradicating the autoantibody using various immunosuppressants. Treatment challenges include delayed diagnosis, difficulty achieving hemostasis and durable remissions, and complications associated with the use of hemostatic and immunosuppressive therapy in a primarily older patient population...
2015: Journal of Blood Medicine
Edward Gomperts
Hemophilia A is an inherited deficiency of clotting factor VIII (FVIII) often complicated by inhibitor development (CHAWI) in which neutralizing antibodies block the therapeutic benefit of replacement therapy. Inhibitors to FVIII can also be seen in an auto-immune disease known as acquired hemophilia A (AHA). 'Bypassing' therapies have been shown to provide hemostasis but dosing must be done empirically because current assays cannot measure objective markers of treatment efficacy and safety. A recombinant porcine sequence factor VIII (r-pFVIII) has been developed for the management of AHA...
August 2015: Expert Review of Hematology
Caileen M Brison, Steven M Mullen, Michelle E Wuerth, Kira Podolsky, Matthew Cook, Jacob A Herman, Justin D Walter, Shannon L Meeks, P Clint Spiegel
The factor VIII C2 domain is essential for binding to activated platelet surfaces as well as the cofactor activity of factor VIII in blood coagulation. Inhibitory antibodies against the C2 domain commonly develop following factor VIII replacement therapy for hemophilia A patients, or they may spontaneously arise in cases of acquired hemophilia. Porcine factor VIII is an effective therapeutic for hemophilia patients with inhibitor due to its low cross-reactivity; however, the molecular basis for this behavior is poorly understood...
2015: PloS One
Klaus-Thilo von Trotha, Nick Butz, Jochen Grommes, Marcel Binnebösel, Natascha Charalambakis, Georg Mühlenbruch, Volker Schumpelick, Uwe Klinge, Ulf P Neumann, Andreas Prescher, Carsten J Krones
BACKGROUND: Porcine models are well established for studying intestinal anastomotic healing. In this study, we aimed to clarify the anatomic differences between human and porcine small intestines. Additionally, we investigated the influences of longitudinal and circular sutures on human small intestine perfusion. METHODS: Intestines were obtained from human cadavers (n = 8; small intestine, n = 51) and from pigs (n = 10; small intestine, n = 60)...
May 2015: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
P M Mannucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
R Kruse-Jarres, J St-Louis, A Greist, A Shapiro, H Smith, P Chowdary, A Drebes, E Gomperts, C Bourgeois, M Mo, A Novack, H Farin, B Ewenstein
Acquired haemophilia A (AHA) is a rare bleeding disorder caused by autoantibodies against human factor VIII (hFVIII). OBI-1 is an investigational, B-domain deleted, recombinant FVIII, porcine sequence, with low cross-reactivity to anti-hFVIII antibodies. Efficacy can be monitored with FVIII activity levels in addition to clinical assessments. This prospective, open label, phase 2/3 study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of OBI-1 treatment for bleeding episodes in subjects with AHA. After an initial dose of 200 U kg(-1) , OBI-1 was titrated to maintain target FVIII activity levels, in correlation with clinical assessments, throughout the treatment phase...
March 2015: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"