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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529358/how-do-psychiatrists-in-india-construct-their-professional-identity-a-critical-literature-review
#1
Clement Bayetti, Sushrut Jadhav, Smita N Deshpande
Psychiatric practice in India is marked by an increasing gulf between largely urban-based mental health professionals and a majority rural population. Based on the premise that any engagement is a mutually constructed humane process, an understanding of the culture of psychiatry including social process of local knowledge acquisition by trainee psychiatrists is critical. This paper reviews existing literature on training of psychiatrists in India, the cultural construction of their professional identities and autobiographical reflections...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511821/somatization-in-the-dermatology-patient-some-sociocultural-perspectives
#2
Krishna M Prasad, Geetha Desai, Santosh K Chaturvedi
Somatization in dermatology patients is a challenge to diagnose and manage. Somatization presents as medically unexplained dermatologic symptoms, which are commonly encountered in dermatology and psychiatry practices. These cutaneous symptoms are often intriguing and do not fit into any particular known dermatologic condition. Sometimes, they may evoke negative feelings in the practicing dermatologist. The dermatologic somatic symptoms might be one way of communicating psychologic distress in a culturally acceptable method...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506078/-my-husband-is-possessed-by-a-jinn-a-case-study-in-transcultural-mental-health
#3
Kylie Cheng
Objectives The objective of this study was to discuss jinn possession in Muslim culture, and the importance of understanding cultural differences in mental health. Conclusion It is important to understand cultural and religious differences in psychiatry, as it affects the way patients perceive and attribute symptoms. It also helps clinicians to reach an accurate diagnosis and provide appropriate treatments. Beliefs about jinn possession should not automatically be regarded as delusional. In alleged cases of jinn possession, clinicians should consider all the biopsychosocial, cultural and spiritual factors that are unique to the individual...
May 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499313/-changes-in-tasks-and-job-characteristics-in-psychiatric-psychotherapeutic-inpatient-treatment-in-germany
#4
Michael Löhr, Gerhard Längle
In Germany, mandatory standards in staff job characteristics concerning inpatient (clinic and day clinic) treatment in psychiatry and psychotherapy were established for the very first time in the year 1990. Those job characteristics, concerning the several groups of professionals in German psychiatric-psychotherapeutic hospitals and departments underwent significant changes causing issues of law, professional and socio-cultural development since then. Besides general structurally changes, the present article focuses more particularly on the field of inpatient psychiatric intensive care therapy...
May 12, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496375/revisiting-the-etiological-aspects-of-dissociative-identity-disorder-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#5
REVIEW
Vedat Şar, Martin J Dorahy, Christa Krüger
Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a chronic post-traumatic disorder where developmentally stressful events in childhood, including abuse, emotional neglect, disturbed attachment, and boundary violations are central and typical etiological factors. Familial, societal, and cultural factors may give rise to the trauma and/or they may influence the expression of DID. Memory and the construction of self-identity are cognitive processes that appear markedly and centrally disrupted in DID and are related to its etiology...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485670/hermeneutic-caring-conversations-in-forensic-psychiatric-caring
#6
Kenneth Rydenlund, Unni Å Lindström, Arne Rehnsfeldt
BACKGROUND: In forensic psychiatric care, a hermeneutic caring conversation between caregivers and patients can improve health outcomes. The hermeneutic approach entails starting from the whole and involves openness for what is shown as well as paying attention to the different parts. One way to deepen these conversations is to take advantage of both the caregivers' and the patients' life experiences. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: The purpose of the study is to discuss and reflect on what hermeneutic caring conversations can mean for a deepened understanding of the movement in the health processes of patients in forensic care, patients who are in deep suffering...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476251/-for-us-as-patients-users-the-essential-point-remains-the-respect-of-the-person
#7
Annick Perrin-Niquet
The first organisation to bring together the users of care in the history of the speciality, the French National Federation of Patient Associations in Psychiatry has always campaigned for the respect of users' freedom of movement. Despite the progress made in terms of legislation, the federation presents a mixed picture. For Claude Filkenstein, its president, there remains a long way to go, notably in the field of the culture of psychiatric care. In her opinion, training should be a major advantage.
May 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468551/the-secret-source-of-female-hysteria-the-role-that-syphilis-played-in-the-construction-of-female-sexuality-and-psychoanalysis-in-the-late-nineteenth-and-early-twentieth-centuries
#8
Lois P Rudnick, Alison M Heru
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the unspoken fear of syphilis played a significant role in the development of beliefs about female sexuality. Many women were afraid of sexual relationships with men because they feared contracting syphilis, which was, at that time, untreatable. Women also feared passing this disease on to their children. Women's sexual aversion, or repression, became a focus for Freud and his colleagues, whose theory of psychosexual development was based on their treatment of women...
June 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466116/cultural-sensitive-care-provision-in-a-public-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-centre-a-case-study-from-the-toulouse-university-hospital-intercultural-consultation
#9
Gesine Sturm, Sylvie Bonnet, Yolaine Coussot, Katja Journot, Jean-Philippe Raynaud
Child and adolescent mental health services in Europe are confronted with children with increasingly diverse socio-cultural backgrounds. Clinicians encounter cultural environments of hyperdiversity in terms of languages and countries of origin, growing diversity within groups, and accelerated change with regards to social and administrational situations (Hannah, in: DelVecchio Good et al. (eds) Shattering culture: American medicine responds to cultural diversity, Russel Sage Foundation, New York, 2011). Children and families who live in these complex constellations face multiple vulnerabilizing factors related to overlapping or intersecting social identities (Crenshaw in Univ Chic Leg Forum 140:139-167, 1989)...
May 2, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439102/mecp2-regulated-mirnas-control-early-human-neurogenesis-through-differential-effects-on-erk-and-akt-signaling
#10
N Mellios, D A Feldman, S D Sheridan, J P K Ip, S Kwok, S K Amoah, B Rosen, B A Rodriguez, B Crawford, R Swaminathan, S Chou, Y Li, M Ziats, C Ernst, R Jaenisch, S J Haggarty, M Sur
Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked, neurodevelopmental disorder caused primarily by mutations in the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene, which encodes a multifunctional epigenetic regulator with known links to a wide spectrum of neuropsychiatric disorders. Although postnatal functions of MeCP2 have been thoroughly investigated, its role in prenatal brain development remains poorly understood. Given the well-established importance of microRNAs (miRNAs) in neurogenesis, we employed isogenic human RTT patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) and MeCP2 short hairpin RNA knockdown approaches to identify novel MeCP2-regulated miRNAs enriched during early human neuronal development...
April 25, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416807/a-simplified-protocol-for-differentiation-of-electrophysiologically-mature-neuronal-networks-from-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#11
N Gunhanlar, G Shpak, M van der Kroeg, L A Gouty-Colomer, S T Munshi, B Lendemeijer, M Ghazvini, C Dupont, W J G Hoogendijk, J Gribnau, F M S de Vrij, S A Kushner
Progress in elucidating the molecular and cellular pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric disorders has been hindered by the limited availability of living human brain tissue. The emergence of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) has offered a unique alternative strategy using patient-derived functional neuronal networks. However, methods for reliably generating iPSC-derived neurons with mature electrophysiological characteristics have been difficult to develop. Here, we report a simplified differentiation protocol that yields electrophysiologically mature iPSC-derived cortical lineage neuronal networks without the need for astrocyte co-culture or specialized media...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415877/the-portrayal-of-psychiatry-in-popular-culture-harmful-or-helpful
#12
Malcolm Forbes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393648/-metacognitive-therapy-and-pharmacotherapy-adapted-to-unaccompanied-refugee-minors
#13
Michael Simons, Britta Pöter
Metacognitive Therapy and Pharmacotherapy - Adapted to Unaccompanied Refugee Minors Unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) present a relatively new challenge for adolescent psychotherapy and psychiatry. The evidence of possible treatment approaches is scarce. This paper presents a pragmatic adaptation of Wells' Metacognitive Therapy (MCT) for this population for the first time. Unlike the established trauma-focused treatment approaches MCT does not aim at prolonged exposure to the trauma narrative. Instead, patients shall learn to leave the distressing thoughts alone and to reduce the perseverating thinking processes (rumination and worrying)...
April 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389900/comments-on-moral-and-other-laboratories-culture-medicine-and-psychiatry-special-issue-edited-by-lone-gr%C3%A3-n-and-teresa-kuan
#14
EDITORIAL
Michael Lambek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375052/the-harmful-portrayal-of-psychiatry-in-popular-culture-the-call-within-its-sting
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373691/blocking-human-fear-memory-with-the-matrix-metalloproteinase-inhibitor-doxycycline
#16
D R Bach, A Tzovara, J Vunder
Learning to predict threat is a fundamental ability of many biological organisms, and a laboratory model for anxiety disorders. Interfering with such memories in humans would be of high clinical relevance. On the basis of studies in cell cultures and slice preparations, it is hypothesised that synaptic remodelling required for threat learning involves the extracellular enzyme matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 9. However, in vivo evidence for this proposal is lacking. Here we investigate human Pavlovian fear conditioning under the blood-brain barrier crossing MMP inhibitor doxycyline in a pre-registered, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
April 4, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373686/an-update-on-stem-cell-biology-and-engineering-for-brain-development
#17
C J C Parr, S Yamanaka, H Saito
Two recent technologies, induced-pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and direct somatic reprogramming, have shown enormous potential for cell-based therapies against intractable diseases such as those that affect the central nervous system. Already, methods that generate most major cell types of the human brain exist. Whether the cell types are directly reprogrammed from human somatic cells or differentiated from an iPSC intermediate, the overview presented here demonstrates how these protocols vary greatly in their efficiencies, purity and maturation of the resulting cells...
June 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358239/training-on-the-dsm-5-cultural-formulation-interview-improves-cultural-competence-in-general-psychiatry-residents-a-pilot-study
#18
Stacia Mills, Anna Q Xiao, Kate Wolitzky-Taylor, Russell Lim, Francis G Lu
The objective of this study was to assess whether a 1-hour didactic session on the DSM-5 Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI) improves the cultural competence of general psychiatry residents. The main hypothesis was that teaching adult psychiatry residents a 1-hour session on the CFI would improve cultural competence. The exploratory hypothesis was that trainees with more experience in cultural diversity would have a greater increase in cultural competency scores. Psychiatry residents at a metropolitan, county hospital completed demographics and preintervention questionnaires, were exposed to a 1-hour session on the CFI, and were given a postintervention questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344690/attitudes-of-canadian-psychiatry-residents-if-mentally-ill-awareness-barriers-to-disclosure-and-help-seeking-preferences
#19
Tariq Hassan, Tanya Tran, Nam Doan, Mir Mazhar, Neeraj Bajaj, Tariq Munshi, Niall Galbraith, Dianne Groll
BACKGROUND: The medical culture is defined by mental illness stigma, non-disclosure, and avoidance of professional treatment. Little research has explored attitudes and help-seeking behaviors of psychiatry trainees if they were to become mentally ill. METHOD: Psychiatry residents (n = 106) from training centres across Ontario, Canada completed a postal survey on their attitudes, barriers to disclosure, and help-seeking preferences in the context of hypothetically becoming mentally ill...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322284/genomic-resources-for-the-study-of-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#20
G Senthil, T Dutka, L Bingaman, T Lehner
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has made sustained investments in the development of genomic resources over the last two decades. These investments have led to the development of the largest biorepository for psychiatric genetics as a centralized national resource. In the realm of genomic resources, NIMH has been supporting large team science (TS) consortia focused on gene discovery, fine mapping of loci, and functional genomics using state-of-the-art technologies. The scientific output from these efforts has not only begun to transform our understanding of the genetic architecture of neuropsychiatric disorders, but it has also led to a broader cultural change among the investigator community towards deeper collaborations and broad pre-publication sharing of data and resources...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
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