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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322284/genomic-resources-for-the-study-of-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#1
G Senthil, T Dutka, L Bingaman, T Lehner
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has made sustained investments in the development of genomic resources over the last two decades. These investments have led to the development of the largest biorepository for psychiatric genetics as a centralized national resource. In the realm of genomic resources, NIMH has been supporting large team science (TS) consortia focused on gene discovery, fine mapping of loci, and functional genomics using state-of-the-art technologies. The scientific output from these efforts has not only begun to transform our understanding of the genetic architecture of neuropsychiatric disorders, but it has also led to a broader cultural change among the investigator community towards deeper collaborations and broad pre-publication sharing of data and resources...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317470/anthropology-brokerage-and-collaboration-in-the-development-of-a-tongan-public-psychiatry-local-lessons-for-global-mental-health
#2
Mike Poltorak
The Global Mental Health (GMH) movement has raised questions of the translatability of psychiatric concepts and the challenges of community engagement. In Tonga, the local psychiatrist Dr Puloka successfully established a publicly accessible psychiatry that has improved admission rates for serious mental illnesses and addressed some of the stigma attached to diagnosis. On the basis of historical analysis and ethnographic fieldwork with healers, doctors, and patients since 1998, this article offers an ethnographic contextualization of the development and reception of Puloka's three key interventions during the 1990s: (a) collaboration with traditional healers; (b) translation of psychiatric diagnoses into local cultural concepts; and (c) encouraging freedom of movement and legal appeal to involuntary admission...
December 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317468/the-global-mental-health-movement-and-its-impact-on-traditional-healing-in-india-a-case-study-of-the-balaji-temple-in-rajasthan
#3
Anubha Sood
This article considers the impact of the global mental health discourse on India's traditional healing systems. Folk mental health traditions, based in religious lifeways and etiologies of supernatural affliction, are overwhelmingly sought by Indians in times of mental ill-health. This is despite the fact that the postcolonial Indian state has historically considered the popularity of these indigenous treatments regressive, and claimed Western psychiatry as the only mental health system befitting the country's aspirations as a modern nation-state...
December 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317467/ethnographic-perspectives-on-global-mental-health
#4
Sumeet Jain, David M R Orr
The field of Global Mental Health (GMH) aims to influence mental health policy and practice worldwide, with a focus on human rights and access to care. There have been important achievements, but GMH has also been the focus of scholarly controversies arising from political, cultural, and pragmatic critiques. These debates have become increasingly polarized, giving rise to a need for more dialogue and experience-near research to inform theorizing. Ethnography has much to offer in this respect. This paper frames and introduces five articles in this issue of Transcultural Psychiatry that illustrate the role of ethnographic methods in understanding the effects and implications of the field of global mental health on mental health policy and practice...
December 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287191/-history-of-clinical-psychiatry-of-sapienza-university-of-rome-in-policlinico-umberto-i
#5
Maria Antonietta Coccanari De' Fornari, Angela Iannitelli, Massimo Biondi
The present article intends to go over the history of the Psychiatric Clinic of the Sapienza University of Rome, starting from the beginning of the teaching of Psychiatry at Santa Maria della Pietà mental hospital, back in 1871, to the eventual founding, at the University "La Sapienza" and the Umberto I general hospital, of the Institute of Psychiatric Clinic and next of the Nervous and Mental Diseases' Clinic with the enclosed specialization school in Psychiatry. A detailed overview is supplied on the characters of the eminent scientists who have succeeded over time at the head of the Clinic and on the description of its different organization, conceived by each of them because of their educational and cultural roots...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265891/a-descriptive-study-of-a-spirituality-curriculum-for-general-psychiatry-residents
#6
Thomas F McGovern, Terry McMahon, Jessica Nelson, Regina Bundoc-Baronia, Chuck Giles, Vanessa Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: The study collected data on the attitudes of residents toward religion and spirituality in their practice after taking part in a 3-year curriculum on spirituality during their residency. METHODS: This is a descriptive, single-site study with psychiatry residents as subjects. A questionnaire was given to the residents at the end of their third year of residency (N = 12). RESULTS: The responses heavily endorsed the religiousness/spirituality curriculum to be helpful and meaningful...
March 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243949/intersecting-cultures-in-deaf-mental-health-an-ethnographic-study-of-nhs-professionals-diagnosing-autism-in-d-deaf-children
#7
Natassia F Brenman, Anja Hiddinga, Barry Wright
Autism assessments for children who are deaf are particularly complex for a number of reasons, including overlapping cultural and clinical factors. We capture this in an ethnographic study of National Health Service child and adolescent mental health services in the United Kingdom, drawing on theoretical perspectives from transcultural psychiatry, which help to understand these services as a cultural system. Our objective was to analyse how mental health services interact with Deaf culture, as a source of cultural-linguistic identity...
February 27, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242869/in-vivo-imaging-of-translocator-protein-a-marker-of-activated-microglia-in-alcohol-dependence
#8
A T Hillmer, C M Sandiego, J Hannestad, G A Angarita, A Kumar, E M McGovern, Y Huang, K C O'Connor, R E Carson, S S O'Malley, K P Cosgrove
Neuroinflammation may be a critical component of the neurobiology of alcohol use disorders, yet the exact nature of this relationship is not well understood. This work compared the brain and peripheral immune profile of alcohol-dependent subjects and controls. Brain levels of 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO), a marker of microglial activation and neuroinflammation, were measured with [(11)C]PBR28 positron emission tomography imaging in 15 healthy controls and 15 alcohol-dependent subjects. Alcohol-dependent subjects were imaged 1-4 days (n=14) or 24 days (n=1) after their last drink...
February 28, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236986/-inclusion-criteria-and-rating-scales-for-rcts-in-psychiatry-the-future-of-qualitative-studies
#9
D Pringuey, R Pommier, F Pringuey-Criou, S Boyer, C Massoubre, E Fakra, M Adida, R Belzeaux, T Bottai, J-M Azorin
An inventory on the two critical dimensions that structure the Randomized Controlled Trial in Psychiatry, namely the definition of inclusion criteria for eligible patients for testing and the choice of psychometric methods of pathology assessment and its evolution during the experiment, considers the importance of increasingly numerous and precise international recommendations. Taking into account the formal constraints of industrial, questioning the cultural differences of the methodological approach of the tests, meeting the requirements of feasibility and ever increasing security, frequent cumbersome procedure often contrasts with the modest nature of the results...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228185/knowledge-of-childhood-materiality-text-and-the-history-of-science-an-interdisciplinary-round-table-discussion
#10
Felix Rietmann, Mareike Schildmann, Caroline Arni, Daniel Thomas Cook, Davide Giuriato, Novina Göhlsdorf, Wangui Muigai
This round table discussion takes the diversity of discourse and practice shaping modern knowledge about childhood as an opportunity to engage with recent historiographical approaches in the history of science. It draws attention to symmetries and references among scientific, material, literary and artistic cultures and their respective forms of knowledge. The five participating scholars come from various fields in the humanities and social sciences and allude to historiographical and methodological questions through a range of examples...
February 23, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225846/-plato-psychiatrist-foucault-platonic
#11
Nicolás Mathov
This work explores the links between the concepts of "soul", "law" and "word" in Plato's work, in order to highlight the importance and the centrality of the philosophical-therapeutic dimension in the Greek philosopher's thought. In that way, this work pretends to show that "contemporary" problems usually discussed within "Human Sciences" in general, and Psychiatry in particular, should confront their knowledge with Plato's work, mainly due to the profound influence his ideas have had in our Greco-Christian culture...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225840/-historiographies-psychiatry-in-brazil-and-its-institutions
#12
Ana Ta Venancio, Cristiana Facchinetti
This article presents an overview of the history of Psychiatry field and its institutions in Brazil, with emphasis on literature produced in the last thirty-five years. It places the history of Psychiatry in the broader context of theoretical trends in historical studies - as philosophical, anthropological, social history and cultural history approaches - highlighting the most current analyzes. To achieve this goal, authors' selected doctoral theses and dissertations dedicated to mental health in Rio de Janeiro's History as well as Public Health and Psychiatry Graduate Programs...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216782/indian-psychiatric-society-survey-on-clinical-practice-guidelines
#13
Sandeep Grover, Ajit Avasthi
AIM: This survey aimed to assess the utility of the earlier published clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) by IPS and to understand the expectations of members of Indian Psychiatric Society from the proposed revised CPGs. In addition, the survey also evaluated the current level of practice of psychiatry in terms of availability of different investigation facilities, prescription patterns in terms of use of polypharmacy, and competence in carrying out certain nonpharmacological treatments...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194547/madness-decolonized-madness-as-transnational-identity-in-gail-hornstein-s-agnes-s-jacket
#14
Gavin Miller
The US psychologist Gail Hornstein's monograph, Agnes's Jacket: A Psychologist's Search for the Meanings of Madness (2009), is an important intervention in the identity politics of the mad movement. Hornstein offers a resignified vision of mad identity that embroiders the central trope of an "anti-colonial" struggle to reclaim the experiential world "colonized" by psychiatry. A series of literal and figurative appeals makes recourse to the inner world and (corresponding) cultural world of the mad as well as to the ethno-symbolic cultural materials of dormant nationhood...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167838/glrb-allelic-variation-associated-with-agoraphobic-cognitions-increased-startle-response-and-fear-network-activation-a-potential-neurogenetic-pathway-to-panic-disorder
#15
J Deckert, H Weber, C Villmann, T B Lonsdorf, J Richter, M Andreatta, A Arias-Vasquez, L Hommers, L Kent, C Schartner, S Cichon, C Wolf, N Schaefer, C R von Collenberg, B Wachter, R Blum, D Schümann, R Scharfenort, J Schumacher, A J Forstner, C Baumann, M A Schiele, S Notzon, P Zwanzger, J G E Janzing, T Galesloot, L A Kiemeney, A Gajewska, E Glotzbach-Schoon, A Mühlberger, G Alpers, T Fydrich, L Fehm, A L Gerlach, T Kircher, T Lang, A Ströhle, V Arolt, H-U Wittchen, R Kalisch, C Büchel, A Hamm, M M Nöthen, M Romanos, K Domschke, P Pauli, A Reif
The molecular genetics of panic disorder (PD) with and without agoraphobia (AG) are still largely unknown and progress is hampered by small sample sizes. We therefore performed a genome-wide association study with a dimensional, PD/AG-related anxiety phenotype based on the Agoraphobia Cognition Questionnaire (ACQ) in a sample of 1370 healthy German volunteers of the CRC TRR58 MEGA study wave 1. A genome-wide significant association was found between ACQ and single non-coding nucleotide variants of the GLRB gene (rs78726293, P=3...
February 7, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157446/implementation-of-the-cultural-formulation-through-a-newly-developed-brief-cultural-interview-pilot-data-from-the-netherlands
#16
Simon P N Groen, Annemiek Richters, Cornelis J Laban, Walter L J M Devillé
The Outline for a Cultural Formulation (OCF) has remained underutilized in clinical practice since its publication in the DSM-IV in 1994. In the Netherlands, a Cultural Interview (CI) was developed in 2002 as a tool to facilitate use of the OCF in clinical practice. The time needed to conduct the interview, however, prevented its systematic implementation within mental health institutions. This article presents the development of a shortened and adapted version, the Brief Cultural Interview (BCI), and a pilot study on the feasibility, acceptability, and utility of its implementation with refugee and asylum seeking patients in a Dutch centre for transcultural psychiatry...
February 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108844/cultural-identity-among-afghan-and-iraqi-traumatized-refugees-towards-a-conceptual-framework-for-mental-health-care-professionals
#17
Simon P N Groen, Annemiek Richters, Cornelis J Laban, Walter L J M Devillé
Cultural identity in relation with mental health is of growing interest in the field of transcultural psychiatry. However, there is a need to clarify the concept of cultural identity in order to make it useful in clinical practice. The purpose of this study is to unravel the complexity and many layers of cultural identity, and to assess how stress and acculturation relate to (changes in) cultural identity. As part of a larger study about cultural identity, trauma, and mental health, 85 patients from Afghanistan and Iraq in treatment for trauma-related disorders were interviewed with a Brief Cultural Interview...
January 20, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066110/assessment-of-impact-of-pharmacophilia-and-pharmacophobia-on-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Mini Johnson Christudas, Balaji Sathyanarayana Gupta, Krishna Undela, Noel M Isaac, Dushad Ram, Madhan Ramesh
AIMS: To investigate the impact of pharmacophilia and pharmacophobia on medication adherence among patients with psychiatric disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational study was conducted in the Department of Psychiatry over a period of 2 months. Patients above 18 years of age with a psychiatric diagnosis as per the International Classification of Diseases 10 and receiving at least one psychotropic medication (any medication capable of affecting the mind, emotions, and behavior) for >1 month were enrolled in the study...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062825/global-family-medicine-a-universal-mnemonic
#19
William B Ventres
In this essay, I borrow the idea of universal precautions from infection control and suggest that family physicians use a set of considerations, based on the mnemonic UNIVERSAL, to nurture cultural humility, enter a metaphoric "space-in-between" in cross-cultural encounters, and foster global fluency. These UNIVERSAL considerations I base on my experiences in global family medicine, attending to economically poor and socially marginalized patients in both international and domestic settings. They are informed by readings in transcultural psychiatry, medical anthropology, development studies, and primary care...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052903/cultural-neuroscience-a-meta-paradigm-for-psychiatry
#20
EDITORIAL
Kamaldeep Bhui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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