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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034806/exploring-the-east-west-divide-in-prevalence-of-affective-disorder-a-case-for-cultural-differences-in-coping-with-negative-emotion
#1
June De Vaus, Matthew J Hornsey, Peter Kuppens, Brock Bastian
Lifetime rates of clinical depression and anxiety in the West tend to be approximately 4 to 10 times greater than rates in Asia. In this review, we explore one possible reason for this cross-cultural difference, that Asian cultures think differently about emotion than do Western cultures and that these different systems of thought help explain why negative affect does not escalate into clinical disorder at the same rate. We review research from multiple disciplines-including cross-cultural psychology, social cognition, clinical psychology, and psychiatry-to make the case that the Eastern holistic principles of contradiction (each experience is associated with its opposite), change (the world exists in a state of constant flux), and context (the interconnectedness of all things) fundamentally shape people's experience of emotions in different cultures...
October 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019460/auditory-hallucinations-as-translational-psychiatry-evidence-from-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#2
Kenneth Hugdahl
In this invited review article I present a translational perspective and overview of our research on auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia at the University of Bergen, Norway with a focus on the neuronal mechanisms underlying the phenomenology of experiencing "hearing voices". An auditory verbal hallucination, i.e. "hearing a voice", is defined as a sensory experience in the absence of a corresponding external sensory source that could explain the phenomenological experience. I suggest a general frame or scheme for the study of auditory verbal hallucinations which is called Levels of Explanation (LoE)...
October 11, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016917/cannabis-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-in-the-era-of-an-opioid-epidemic-a-symposium-based-review-of-sociomedical-science
#3
Dermot P Maher, Daniel B Carr, Kevin Hill, Brian McGeeney, Valerie Weed, William C Jackson, David J DiBenedetto, Edward M Moriarty, Ronald J Kulich
Objective: This manuscript reviews medical literature published pertaining to the management of chronic pain with medical marijuana therapy (MMJ), with an emphasis on the social, medical, and legal aspects of therapy. Design: Narrative review of peer-reviewed literature. Methods: The 3rd Symposium on Controlled Substances and Their Alternatives for the Treatment of Pain was held in Boston on February 27, 2016, with a focus on MMJ for the treatment of chronic pain...
July 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953822/audit-on-the-quality-of-handovers-of-a-psychiatric-liaison-team-in-the-uk-a-short-report
#4
Trupti Koli, Maria Filippidou
BACKGROUND: The importance of handovers has been recognised and proven in clinical practice. In liaison psychiatry, this is particularly important due to the high turnover of patients seen, the shift work pattern and the number of member staff engaging in this process. An Audit on the Quality of Handovers was carried out within a Psychiatric Liaison team of a General hospital in UK with an intention to review and improve this. METHOD: Handovers were evaluated against the gold standard of the SBAR tool (Situation/Background/Assessment/Recommendations) over a period of 4 weeks...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950970/cultural-differences-in-the-neural-correlates-of-social-emotional-feelings-an-interdisciplinary-developmental-perspective
#5
REVIEW
Mary Helen Immordino-Yang, Xiao-Fei Yang
Social neuroscience has documented cultural differences in emotional brain functioning. Most recently, these differences have been extended to include cultural effects on the real-time neural correlates of social-emotional feelings. Here we review these findings and use them to illustrate a biopsychosocial framework for studying acculturated social-affective functioning and development. We argue that understanding cultural differences in emotion neurobiology requires probing their social origins and connection with individuals' subjective, lived experiences...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949304/resilience-psychiatry-and-religion-from-public-and-global-mental-health-perspective-dialogue-and-cooperation-in-the-search-for-humanistic-self-compassionate-society-and-empathic-civilization
#6
Miro Jakovljevic
Psychiatry has increasingly devoted its attention to the role of religion and spirituality in mental health and illness. All religions offer explanations for meaning and purpose of life, involving rationales for the reality of human suffering and traumas related to natural disasters, war, civil violence, torture, etc. In many countries different religious organizations have funded and operated mental health services as well as supported better understanding, empathy and compassion among cultures. A rapprochement between psychiatry and religion has been predicated on their overlapping goals to promote individual and community resilience, growth, and well-being...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949109/-peer-support-workers-a-novel-profession-in-psychiatry
#7
Liliane Sticher, Charles Bonsack
The possibility to recover from a psychiatric disorder for example schizophrenia materializes today by the emergence of new professionals : peer support workers. These persons have lived the experience of a mental health disorder and underwent training in order to contribute to the recovery of others. This brief article provides an update while they begin to be active in French-speaking Switzerland. The data indicate that their involvement in care decreases the use of emergency, enhances the capability of persons to manage their own health and the satisfaction towards psychiatric services...
September 20, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948974/a-upf3b-mutant-mouse-model-with-behavioral-and-neurogenesis-defects
#8
L Huang, E Y Shum, S H Jones, C-H Lou, J Dumdie, H Kim, A J Roberts, L A Jolly, J L Espinoza, D M Skarbrevik, M H Phan, H Cook-Andersen, N R Swerdlow, J Gecz, M F Wilkinson
Nonsense-mediated RNA decay (NMD) is a highly conserved and selective RNA degradation pathway that acts on RNAs terminating their reading frames in specific contexts. NMD is regulated in a tissue-specific and developmentally controlled manner, raising the possibility that it influences developmental events. Indeed, loss or depletion of NMD factors have been shown to disrupt developmental events in organisms spanning the phylogenetic scale. In humans, mutations in the NMD factor gene, UPF3B, cause intellectual disability (ID) and are strongly associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and schizophrenia (SCZ)...
September 26, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937004/suicide-in-india-part-perceptions-partial-insights-and-inadequate-solutions
#9
K S Jacob
Suicide is a complex phenomenon, often linked to environment. Despite the identification of many social, cultural, economic and political correlates and risk factors, psychiatry continues to argue for curative solutions based on the reductionistic biomedical model, rather than support public health measures to manage the larger sociocultural, economic and political context. While psychiatry and curative medicine help many people, survival of the human body is best explained by the materialist explanation that locates the variation in health and longevity to tangible resources...
May 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934028/toward-neuroproteomics-in-biological-psychiatry-a-systems-approach-unravels-okadaic-acid-induced-alterations-in-the-neuronal-phosphoproteome
#10
Joana Machado Oliveira, Cristóvão B da Cruz E Silva, Thorsten Müller, Tânia Soares Martins, Marta Cova, Odete A B da Cruz E Silva, Ana Gabriela Henriques
Neuroproteomics is an evolving field of postgenomic medicine, highlighting the convergence of psychiatry/neurology and proteomics, yet compared with neurogenetics, it has received little attention. This study in rat primary neuronal cultures provides an example of a neuroproteomic approach relevant to the study of psychiatric disease pathophysiology, focusing on Alzheimer's disease. In this context, okadaic acid (OA) is routinely used in experimental designs to investigate phosphorylation-mediated events. It is a potent protein phosphatase (PP) inhibitor, particularly of PP1 and PP2A...
September 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933639/violence-prevention-community-meeting-conducted-on-your-unit
#11
Marilyn L Lanza
The Violence Prevention Community Meeting (VPCM) is to reduce violence on inpatient psychiatry units, and has been written about elsewhere. The purpose of this article is to explain how other nurses can implement a similar meeting in their work setting. Details of different aspects of the VPCM are provided including the purpose, administrative support role of patients and staff, and the content and process of the VPCM. The reader is presented with several different scenarios about assault. The VPCM is an innovative, group-based treatment, administered by nursing staff members...
October 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900702/-religious-beliefs-and-spirituality-in-medical-residency-a-survey-among-physicians-in-charge-of-training-psychiatry-and-psychotherapy
#12
H Freund, S Böhringer, M Utsch, I Hauth
Religion and spirituality (R/S) as empirically measurable and treatment-relevant variables are growing in significance in psychiatry and psychotherapy worldwide. In a survey conducted among physicians in charge of psychiatric residency training in Germany respondents were asked about the integration of R/S in their curricula. Data suggest that subjects (n = 285) attach considerable importance to R/S and especially to existential issues. The importance of R/S in psychiatric training is essentially linked to the trainers' personal views of the world and the corporate culture of the training centers...
September 12, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894302/g%C3%AE-%C3%AE-subunit-activation-promotes-dopamine-efflux-through-the-dopamine-transporter
#13
J Garcia-Olivares, T Baust, S Harris, P Hamilton, A Galli, S G Amara, G E Torres
The dopamine transporter (DAT) is an important regulator of brain dopamine (DA) homeostasis, controlling the intensity and duration of DA signaling. DAT is the target for psychostimulants-like cocaine and amphetamine-and plays an important role in neuropsychiatric disorders, including attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and drug addiction. Thus, a thorough understanding of the mechanisms that regulate DAT function is necessary for the development of clinical interventions to treat DA-related brain disorders...
September 12, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894299/dhea-inhibits-acute-microglia-mediated-inflammation-through-activation-of-the-trka-akt1-2-creb-jmjd3-pathway
#14
V I Alexaki, G Fodelianaki, A Neuwirth, C Mund, A Kourgiantaki, E Ieronimaki, K Lyroni, M Troullinaki, C Fujii, W Kanczkowski, A Ziogas, M Peitzsch, S Grossklaus, B Sönnichsen, A Gravanis, S R Bornstein, I Charalampopoulos, C Tsatsanis, T Chavakis
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is the most abundant circulating steroid hormone in humans, produced by the adrenals, the gonads and the brain. DHEA was previously shown to bind to the nerve growth factor receptor, tropomyosin-related kinase A (TrkA), and to thereby exert neuroprotective effects. Here we show that DHEA reduces microglia-mediated inflammation in an acute lipopolysaccharide-induced neuro-inflammation model in mice and in cultured microglia in vitro. DHEA regulates microglial inflammatory responses through phosphorylation of TrkA and subsequent activation of a pathway involving Akt1/Akt2 and cAMP response element-binding protein...
September 12, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866724/dr-karol-de-beaurain-a-psychiatrist-s-profile-part-1
#15
REVIEW
Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska
The paper sets out to recall the profile of Karol de Beaurain, a psychiatrist who belonged to the circle of first Poles who used psychoanalysis in treatment. So far, dr Beaurain has been known from brief references in publications relating to the life and works of Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz (Witkacy) whose psychoanalytic sessions he conducted between 1912 and 1913. De Beaurain was born in 1867 and studied medicine at Swiss universities (Zurich, Berne, Geneva) where he defended his doctoral thesis as well...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854050/forensic-nursing-and-the-palliative-approach-to-care-an-empirical-nursing-ethics-analysis
#16
David Kenneth Wright, Brandi Vanderspank-Wright, Dave Holmes, Elise Skinner
BACKGROUND: A movement is underway to promote a palliative approach to care in all contexts where people age and live with life-limiting conditions, including psychiatric settings. Forensic psychiatry nursing-a subfield of mental health nursing- focuses on individuals who are in conflict with the criminal justice system. We know little about the values of nurses working in forensic psychiatry, and how these values might influence a palliative approach to care for frail and aging patients...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842729/-on-the-road-to-psychiatric-reform-reconstructing-the-political-preparation-of-the-first-enquete-commission-of-the-german-bundestag
#17
REVIEW
F Söhner, H Fangerau, T Becker
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the political preparation of the Enquete Commission of the German Bundestag which aimed at assessing and improving the psychiatric and psychotherapeutic/psychosomatic care in the Federal Republic of Germany. METHODS: We performed a selective literature review and a hermeneutic analysis of political, parliamentary and administrative records from public archives which reflect and help reconstruct the run-up process to the so-called Enquete of psychiatry...
August 25, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838544/arrhythmias-in-the-history-lovesickness
#18
REVIEW
Donatella Lippi
Lovesickness has been termed a real disorder, with a specific cause, pathogenesis, and cure: it has been attested to in the medical literature since classical times and may still have a place in current medicine in the frame of psychiatry and humoral disorders. Although in different cultures there is a general agreement on the symptoms, including fever, agitation, loss of appetite, headache, rapid breathing, and palpitations, the treatments vary greatly in the various cultural contexts.
September 2017: Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819482/-non-consummation-of-marriage-and-vaginismus-about-three-clinical-cases
#19
Rabie Karrouri
Vaginismus is a relationship issue. It is a cause of non-consummation of marriage, infertility and alteration in sexual relationship quality. We present three case reports from our daily clinical practice in order to highlight the possible causes of vaginismus, its clinical and relational characteristics and its cultural particularities. Patients were treated in the Department of Psychiatry at the Military Hospital Moulay Ismail, Meknes, over an observation period of two years.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808907/socio-demographic-characteristics-and-factors-associated-with-hospitalization-in-psychiatry-of-old-age-patients-an-international-comparison-between-ireland-and-turkey
#20
Elif Carpar, Geraldine McCarthy, Dimitrios Adamis, Gizem Donmezler, Ender Cesur, Nurhan Fistikci
BACKGROUND: Taking predictors of hospitalization characteristics into consideration internationally would broaden our understanding of this population on a local basis. AIMS: We aimed to examine and compare socio-demographic profiles along with hospitalization characteristics including length of hospital stay (LOS), reasons for admission and diagnoses among older adult inpatients hospitalized in Ireland and Turkey, and to assess factors predicting these features...
August 14, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
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