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Developmental milestones in Older adults"

Lars Kulik, Federica Amici, Doreen Langos, Anja Widdig
Several studies have documented the importance of social bonding for the enhancement of individual fitness. However, little is known about how social relationships develop through ontogeny, and whether their development follows the same trajectory in males and females. Here we analyzed affiliative interactions (proximity, social grooming, play) combined with demographic and genetic data in semi-free-ranging rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) on Cayo Santiago over their first 4 yr of life (from birth to sexual maturation) to understand how these interactions change through development in both sexes...
April 1, 2015: International Journal of Primatology
Sharon Cruise, Dermot O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: The majority of research examining the influence of social environment on early child development suggests benefits to two-parent households, but contradictory evidence for the effects of siblings. The aims of the present study were to examine the influence of the child's proximal social environment, and the effects of interactions between socioeconomic status and social environment on developmental outcomes. METHODS: Primary caregivers of a representative sample of 10,748 nine-month-old infants in Ireland completed the Ages and Stages Questionnaire and provided information on social environment...
November 2014: Infant Behavior & Development
Thalia Z Hummel, Eline Tak, Heleen Maurice-Stam, Marc A Benninga, Angelika Kindermann, Martha A Grootenhuis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic, debilitating disorder occurring in young patients in the most productive period of their lives. Little is known about the effect on the developmental trajectory of adolescents growing up with IBD. The purpose of this study was to assess the psychosocial developmental trajectory ("course of life") and sociodemographic outcomes in adolescents with IBD compared with peers from the general population. METHODS: A total of 62 adolescents (response rate 74%, boys 51...
August 2013: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Jerel P Calzo, Toni C Antonucci, Vickie M Mays, Susan D Cochran
Although recent attention has focused on the likelihood that contemporary sexual minority youth (i.e., gay, lesbian, bisexual [GLB]) are "coming out" at younger ages, few studies have examined whether early sexual orientation identity development is also present in older GLB cohorts. We analyzed retrospective data on the timing of sexual orientation milestones in a sample of sexual minorities drawn from the California Quality of Life Surveys. Latent profile analysis of 1,260 GLB adults, ages 18-84 years, identified 3 trajectories of development: early (n = 951; milestones spanning ages 12-20), middle (n = 239; milestones spanning ages 18-31), and late (n = 70; milestones spanning ages 32-43)...
November 2011: Developmental Psychology
L A Petitto, M S Berens, I Kovelman, M H Dubins, K Jasinska, M Shalinsky
In a neuroimaging study focusing on young bilinguals, we explored the brains of bilingual and monolingual babies across two age groups (younger 4-6 months, older 10-12 months), using fNIRS in a new event-related design, as babies processed linguistic phonetic (Native English, Non-Native Hindi) and non-linguistic Tone stimuli. We found that phonetic processing in bilingual and monolingual babies is accomplished with the same language-specific brain areas classically observed in adults, including the left superior temporal gyrus (associated with phonetic processing) and the left inferior frontal cortex (associated with the search and retrieval of information about meanings, and syntactic and phonological patterning), with intriguing developmental timing differences: left superior temporal gyrus activation was observed early and remained stably active over time, while left inferior frontal cortex showed greater increase in neural activation in older babies notably at the precise age when babies' enter the universal first-word milestone, thus revealing a first-time focal brain correlate that may mediate a universal behavioral milestone in early human language acquisition...
May 2012: Brain and Language
Alicia Kunin-Batson, Nina Kadan-Lottick, Liang Zhu, Cheryl Cox, Veronica Bordes-Edgar, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Lonnie Zeltzer, Leslie L Robison, Kevin R Krull
BACKGROUND: Adult survivors of childhood cancer and their siblings are compared on one of the most salient developmental milestones of adulthood, the ability to live independently. PROCEDURE: Adult survivors of childhood cancers (n = 6,047) and siblings (n = 2,326), all 25 years of age and older, completed a long-term follow-up questionnaire that assessed adaptive, neurocognitive, and psychological functioning, as well as demographic and health status. Multivariable logistic regression analyses and structural equation modeling (SEM) were used to identify predictors of independent living...
December 15, 2011: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Hrönn Arnardóttir, Haraldur Thorsteinsson, Karl Ægir Karlsson
Studies in adult mammals (rats, cats, mice, and humans) have revealed a surprising regularity in the duration of sleep and wake bouts. In particular, wake bout durations exhibit a power-law distribution whereas sleep bout durations exhibit an exponential distribution. Moreover, in rodents, sleep bouts exhibit an exponential distribution at all ages examined, whereas wake bout durations exhibit exponential distributions early in ontogeny with a clear power-law emerging only at the older ages. Thus, the data examined thus far suggests a similar developmental trajectory for a wide range of mammals which in turn may offer a novel metric to directly compare human and animal sleep-wake data...
2010: Frontiers in Neurology
Marie T Vanier
Niemann-Pick C disease (NP-C) is a neurovisceral atypical lysosomal lipid storage disorder with an estimated minimal incidence of 1/120,000 live births. The broad clinical spectrum ranges from a neonatal rapidly fatal disorder to an adult-onset chronic neurodegenerative disease. The neurological involvement defines the disease severity in most patients but is typically preceded by systemic signs (cholestatic jaundice in the neonatal period or isolated spleno- or hepatosplenomegaly in infancy or childhood). The first neurological symptoms vary with age of onset: delay in developmental motor milestones (early infantile period), gait problems, falls, clumsiness, cataplexy, school problems (late infantile and juvenile period), and ataxia not unfrequently following initial psychiatric disturbances (adult form)...
2010: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Ute Dieluweit, Klaus-Michael Debatin, Desiree Grabow, Peter Kaatsch, Richard Peter, Diana C M Seitz, Lutz Goldbeck
OBJECTIVES: The study investigates psychosexual and family outcomes among German long-term survivors of adolescent cancer. METHODS: Survivors of cancer during adolescence (n = 820; age at onset of disease: M = 15.8 years, SD = 0.9, age at follow-up: M = 30.4, SD = 6.0 years) completed questionnaires on their family life and their psychosexual and autonomy development. Outcomes were compared to an age-matched sample (German Socio-Economic Panel, G-SOEP, n = 820, age: M = 30...
December 2010: Psycho-oncology
Diane Poulin-Dubois, Ivy Brooker, Virginia Chow
Research interest in children's understanding of the mind goes back as far as Piaget's claim that children are cognitively egocentric (Flavell, 2000). Many years later, research on the understanding of the mind was revived in a paper that sought evidence for a theory of mind, not for children but for chimpanzees (Premack & Woodruff, 1978). The researchers claimed that chimpanzees' ability to predict what a human actor will do to achieve certain goals implies that the animal attributes mental states to the actor...
2009: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
Giovanni Battista Ferrero, Elisa Biamino, Lorena Sorasio, Elena Banaudi, Licia Peruzzi, Serena Forzano, Ludovica Verdun di Cantogno, Margherita Cirillo Silengo
Williams-Beuren syndrome (WS) is a rare multi-system genomic disorder, caused by 7q11.23 microdeletion with a prevalence of 1/7500-1/20,000 live births. Clinical phenotype includes typical facial dysmorphism (elfin face), mental retardation associated with a peculiar neuropsychological profile and congenital heart defects. We investigated 22 WS patients (mean age of 9.7 years, range 1 day to 39 years) with a multi-specialist follow-up protocol comprehensive of neuropsychological, cardiologic, nephrologic, ophthalmologic, endocrinologic, gastroenterologic, odontostomatologic and orthopaedic evaluations...
September 2007: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Stephanie A Atkinson, Berthold Koletzko
The derivation of reference values in 11 current dietary reference standards is often based on methods of extrapolation or interpolation, but these are not consistent across reports. Such methods are frequently employed to derive nutrient intake values (NIVs) for infants and children owing to the paucity of relevant research data available. The most common method is to extrapolate values for children down from those of adults, employing a weight or metabolic factor and adjusting for growth. In some instances, values for young children are extrapolated up from infants, values for adults are extrapolated up from children, or values for older adults are extrapolated up from young adults...
March 2007: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Heleen Stam, Esther E Hartman, Jacqueline A Deurloo, Jaap Groothoff, Martha A Grootenhuis
PURPOSE: To assess the course of life of young adults who grew up with a chronic or life-threatening disease, and to compare their course of life with that of peers from the general population. Optimal transition from pediatric to adult health care requires knowledge of the psychosocial history of patients grown up with a pediatric disease. METHODS: A total of 508 young adults from the general Dutch population and 650 patients, aged 18-30 years, participated: 348 survivors of childhood cancer, 93 patients with anorectal malformations, 72 patients with Hirschsprung's disease, 61 patients with oesophageal atresia, 76 patients with end-stage renal disease...
July 2006: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
H Reutter, C Lee, M F Grässer, M Noeker
The bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex (BEEC) belongs to one of the most devastating urological malformations affecting the complete urinary tract including the genitalia. A semi-standardized questionnaire was used to evaluate the functional and psychosocial developmental outcome in 122 affected patients recruited from German-speaking self-referral support groups. The questionnaire covered mode of reconstruction, subjective assessment of continence, milestones of child development, education, school performance, level of life satisfaction, anxieties, and in patients older than 16 years partnership experience...
January 2005: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
H Stam, M A Grootenhuis, B F Last
The developmental consequences in adulthood of growing up with childhood cancer are not well understood. The Course of life questionnaire was developed to assess the attainment of developmental milestones retrospectively and socio-demographic outcomes in young adulthood. The aim of this study was to assess the course of life and socio-demographic outcomes in young adult survivors of childhood cancer. Knowledge about possible gaps in the course of life could enable health care providers to aim for the most favourable course of life...
March 2005: Psycho-oncology
M Azaula, M E Msall, G Buck, M R Tremont, F Wilczenski, B T Rogers
OBJECTIVE: To compare a pediatric and an adult version of a functional status measure and a family support measure for assessing school-age children with spastic cerebral palsy. DESIGN: A prospective study involved functional status measurements using the Pediatric Functional Independence Measure (WeeFIM), the Adult Functional Independence Measure (FIM), and a family support measure, the Amount of Assistance Questionnaire (AAQ). PARTICIPANTS: The feasibility sample consisted of 47 children aged 2 to 12 yrs with cerebral palsy...
March 2000: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
P H van der Valk, I Snoeck, L C Meiners, V des Portes, J Chelly, J M Pinard, P F Ippel, O van Nieuwenhuizen, A C Peters
MR imaging, clinical data and underlying pathogenesis of subcortical laminar heterotopia (SCLH), also known as band heterotopia, in two sisters and their mother are presented. On MR imaging a different degree of SCLH was found in all three affected family-members. The inversion recovery sequence was considered most useful in the demonstration of the heterotopic band of gray matter and the assessment of cortical thickness. The younger sister presented with epileptic seizures at the age of five months and a delayed achievement of developmental milestones...
June 1999: Neuropediatrics
V S Kostić, N Covicković-Sternić, M Svetel-Stojanović, S Filipović
The phenomenon of delayed-onset dystonia following presumed "static" brain injuries was described after stroke and head trauma. Burke et al. described a different category of secondary dystonia, where perinatal injury (asphyxia) caused minimal or no immediate neurological deficit, with the delay of years before dystonia emerged. This type of dystonia following perinatal injury has been termed "delayed onset dystonia due to static encephalopathy of childhood". According to the definition of dystonia, we were able to select 5 patients with the aetiologic diagnosis of perinatal asphyxia from the group of 347 out- and inpatients (1...
March 1997: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
A Pastuszak, M Pinelli, G Koren
Fetal exposure to nonsteroidal inflammatory drugs beyond the 34th week of gestation is theoretically associated with premature closure of the fetal ductus arteriosus due to the inhibition of cyclooxygenase. Inadvertent exposure to tiaprofenic exposure in the first trimester is of concern due to the paucity of prospective human data. Experiential data are limited to retrospective reports submitted to the manufacturer and animal data, the extrapolation of which to humans is very inaccurate. We report pregnancy outcome in 12 women who voluntarily contacted the Motherisk Program in Toronto about first trimester exposure to tiaprofenic acid...
September 1993: American Journal of Perinatology
C S Bruggers, H S Friedman, R Tien, R Delong
Ifosfamide, a nitrogen mustard derived alkylating agent commonly used in the treatment of solid tumors, has been associated with neurotoxicity in 5-33% of treated patients. Encephalopathy most often occurs during or shortly following drug administration, with increased drowsiness or irritability, confusion, hallucinations, visual blurring, extrapyramidal dysfunction, cranial nerve abnormalities, incontinence, generalized muscle twitching, seizures, and coma reported in infants, children, and older adults. While most reported neurologic abnormalities associated with ifosfamide have been reversible, encephalopathy resulting in death has occurred...
1994: Medical and Pediatric Oncology
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