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liver cancer

Lichao Huang, Zihao Zhang, Baolin Qu, Zhiqiang Cui, Yao Wang, Jiwei Li, Jinyuan Wang, Zhentao Zuo, Yan Zhuo, Xinguang Yu, Zhipei Lin, Longsheng Pan
Herein we describe the case of an elderly patient who presented with a recent history of impaired vision of the right eye around three months due to brain lesions. He was diagnosed with liver cancer and underwent surgery three months prior. The pathological result is hepatocellular carcinoma. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed the diagnosis of brain to be metastatic. The patient selected CyberKnife (Accuray Incorporated, Sunnyvale, USA) radiosurgery for the brain lesion since his physical conditions are not suitable for craniotomy...
April 18, 2018: Curēus
Shamir Cassim, Valérie-Ann Raymond, Benoit Lacoste, Pascal Lapierre, Marc Bilodeau
HCC (Hepatocellular carcinoma) cells exhibit greater metabolic plasticity than normal hepatocytes since they must survive in a dynamic microenvironment where nutrients and oxygen are often scarce. Using a metabolomic approach combined with functional in vitro and in vivo assays, we aimed to identify an HCC metabolic signature associated with increased tumorigenicity and patient mortality. Metabolite profiling of HCC Dt81Hepa1-6 cells revealed that their increased tumorigenicity was associated with elevated levels of glycolytic metabolites...
June 1, 2018: Oncotarget
Min-Ke He, Yong Le, Yong-Fa Zhang, Han-Yue Ouyang, Pei-En Jian, Zi-Shan Yu, Li-Juan Wang, Ming Shi
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is among the most fatal types of cancer worldwide due to its high rates of recurrence and metastasis. The molecular processes involved in HCC progression require further investigation to identify biomarkers for use in diagnosis and treatment. In the present study, the significance and prognostic value of matrix metallopeptidase 12 (MMP12) expression in human HCC was investigated. MMP12 mRNA expression was investigated using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis of 42 pairs of tumor and non-tumor liver tissues obtained from patients with HCC following surgical treatment...
July 2018: Oncology Letters
Ling Hu, Jing Tang, Xiaohuan Huang, Tao Zhang, Xiaoling Feng
Hypoxia has been reported to be a critical microenvironmental factor that induces cancer metastasis and proliferation in gastric, liver and hepatic cancers; however, the underlying mechanisms of this are largely unknown. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as crucial factors of several aspects of tumor malignancy, including tumorigenesis, metastasis and chemoresistance. However, the potential association of lncRNAs with hypoxia-induced cancer malignancy remains to be determined. In the present study, the differential expression of lncRNAs following the induction of hypoxia in A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells was analyzed reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
July 2018: Oncology Letters
Hao Li, Chen-Xi Shi, Hui Liu, Hai-Han Zhang, Huai-Ming Sang, Muhammad-Djaleel Soyfoo, Jiu-Liang Cao, Shun-Fu Xu, Jian-Xia Jiang
Piwi like RNA-mediated gene silencing 1 (Hiwi) is a human homolog of the Piwi gene family that has been reported to be upregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The present study aimed to investigate the role of Hiwi in the initiation and development of HCC in vitro and in vivo . Adenovirus-mediated Hiwi overexpression was established in primary murine hepatocytes and SMMC7721 HCC cells. Cell viability and proliferation were assessed using MTT and EdU assays, respectively. Cell migration was measured using a scratch migration assay...
June 2018: Oncology Letters
Dariusz Kieszko, Paweł Cisek, Izabela Kordzińska-Cisek, Ludmiła Grzybowska-Szatkowska
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of local treatment of liver metastases of various types of cancer using brachytherapy with computed tomography (CT) imaging. Retrospective analysis of 61 patients with unresectable hepatic metastases treated with CT-guided interstitial high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy of the liver between April 2014 and December 2016 was performed. Patients were treated with a single fractional dose of 15-25 Gy. Statistical analysis was performed on local relapse free survival (LRFS), progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates across the group...
June 2018: Oncology Letters
Katarzyna Lubecka, Kirsty Flower, Megan Beetch, Jay Qiu, Lucinda Kurzava, Hannah Buvala, Adam Ruhayel, Samer Gawrieh, Suthat Liangpunsakul, Tracy Gonzalez, George McCabe, Naga Chalasani, James M Flanagan, Barbara Stefanska
Late onset of clinical symptoms in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) results in late diagnosis and poor disease outcome. Approximately 85% of individuals with HCC have underlying liver cirrhosis. However, not all cirrhotic patients develop cancer. Reliable tools that would distinguish cirrhotic patients who will develop cancer from those who will not are urgently needed. We used the Illumina HumanMethylation450 BeadChip microarray to test whether white blood cell DNA, an easily accessible source of DNA, exhibits site-specific changes in DNA methylation in blood of diagnosed HCC patients (post-diagnostic, 24 cases, 24 controls) and in prospectively collected blood specimens of HCC patients who were cancer-free at blood collection (pre-diagnostic, 21 cases, 21 controls)...
June 21, 2018: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
Wang Yang, Ran Hu, Guichao Li, Menglong Zhou, Yan Wang, Lijun Shen, Liping Liang, Zhen Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study was to analyze the incidence and patterns of failure in patients with gastric cancer who received D2 dissection and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT). METHODS: From January 2004 to October 2015, 324 patients with gastric cancer who underwent radical D2 resection followed by postoperative CRT were enrolled. Clinicopathological characteristics and patterns of failure were retrospectively reviewed to identify factors associated with survival and recurrence...
June 21, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Maria Q B Petzel, Leah Hoffman
With slowly increasing survival rates in pancreatic cancer and international consensus guidelines recommending surgical resection of premalignant lesions, survival post-pancreatic resection is increasing. With longer survival time, the significant comorbidities of such major surgery have far-reaching effects on the nutrition status of the survivor of pancreatic cancer. This review describes the many nutrition-related side effects of pancreatic surgery, including the development of pancreatic enzyme insufficiency, micronutrient deficiencies, diabetes, fatty liver, and metabolic bone disease...
October 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Fang Liu, Chunfang Wang, Yuantao Gao, Xiao Li, Feng Tian, Yongtao Zhang, Mingyang Fu, Pengfei Li, Yali Wang, Fei Wang
Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are an attractive new agent with potential as a therapeutic tool because of its ability to inhibit specific genes for many conditions, including viral infections and cancers. However, despite this potential, many challenges remain, including off-target effects, difficulties with delivery, immune responses, and toxicity. Traditional genetic vectors do not guarantee that siRNAs will silence genes in vivo. Rational design strategies, such as chemical modification, viral vectors, and non-viral vectors, including cationic liposomes, polymers, nanocarriers, and bioconjugated siRNAs, provide important opportunities to overcome these challenges...
June 20, 2018: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
Yun-Xia Liu, Jin-Yan Feng, Ming-Ming Sun, Bo-Wen Liu, Guang Yang, Ya-Nan Bu, Man Zhao, Tian-Jiao Wang, Wei-Ying Zhang, Hong-Feng Yuan, Xiao-Dong Zhang
Aspirin can efficiently inhibit liver cancer growth, but the mechanism is poorly understood. In this study, we report that aspirin modulates glucose uptake through downregulating glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1), leading to the inhibition of hepatoma cell proliferation. Our data showed that aspirin significantly decreased the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and glucose consumption in hepatoma cells. Interestingly, we identified that GLUT1 and HIF1α could be decreased by aspirin. Mechanically, we demonstrated that the -1008/-780 region was the regulatory element of transcriptional factor NF-κB in GLUT1 promoter by luciferase report gene assays...
June 20, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Ayaka Ushio, Komei Takauchi, Makoto Kobayashi, Nobukazu Abe, Hiroomi Sumida, Yasushi Nagata, Kazuo Awai
PURPOSE: We examined whether early delayed scanning is useful for differentiation of liver lesion and heterogenous physiological accumulation in positron emission tomography (PET) examination. METHODS: The subjects of the study were 33 patients with colorectal cancer who underwent PET examination and were added early delayed scanning to distinguish between liver lesions and heterogenous physiological accumulation to conventional early images. We placed same regions of interest (ROI) in the tumor and hepatic parenchyma for early delayed and conventional early images...
2018: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
Guanqun Huang, Hui Jiang, Ye Lin, Wuzheng Xia, Yuanwei Luo, Yanpeng Wu, Weilong Cai, Xinke Zhou, Xianhan Jiang
BACKGROUND: With self-renewal and differentiation properties, liver tumor initiating cells (TICs) are the reasons for tumor initiation, metastasis and drug resistance. G protein coupled receptors (GPCR) are critical modulators in many physiological and pathological processes. While, their roles in liver TICs are unknown. METHODS: An unbiased screening was performed using online-available data dataset. Liver TICs were sorted by FACS with surface marker CD133, or enriched by oncosphere formation...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Julie F Foley, Dhiral P Phadke, Owen Hardy, Sara Hardy, Victor Miller, Anup Madan, Kellie Howard, Kimberly Kruse, Cara Lord, Sreenivasa Ramaiahgari, Gregory G Solomon, Ruchir R Shah, Arun R Pandiri, Ronald A Herbert, Robert C Sills, B Alex Merrick
BACKGROUND: The rat genome was sequenced in 2004 with the aim to improve human health altered by disease and environmental influences through gene discovery and animal model validation. Here, we report development and testing of a probe set for whole exome sequencing (WES) to detect sequence variants in exons and UTRs of the rat genome. Using an in-silico approach, we designed probes targeting the rat exome and compared captured mutations in cancer-related genes from four chemically induced rat tumor cell lines (C6, FAT7, DSL-6A/C1, NBTII) to validated cancer genes in the human database, Catalogue of Somatic Mutations in Cancer (COSMIC) as well as normal rat DNA...
June 20, 2018: BMC Genomics
Penelope R Brock, Rudolf Maibach, Margaret Childs, Kaukab Rajput, Derek Roebuck, Michael J Sullivan, Véronique Laithier, Milind Ronghe, Patrizia Dall'Igna, Eiso Hiyama, Bénédicte Brichard, Jane Skeen, M Elena Mateos, Michael Capra, Arun A Rangaswami, Marc Ansari, Catherine Rechnitzer, Gareth J Veal, Anna Covezzoli, Laurence Brugières, Giorgio Perilongo, Piotr Czauderna, Bruce Morland, Edward A Neuwelt
Background Cisplatin chemotherapy and surgery are effective treatments for children with standard-risk hepatoblastoma but may cause considerable and irreversible hearing loss. This trial compared cisplatin with cisplatin plus delayed administration of sodium thiosulfate, aiming to reduce the incidence and severity of cisplatin-related ototoxic effects without jeopardizing overall and event-free survival. Methods We randomly assigned children older than 1 month and younger than 18 years of age who had standard-risk hepatoblastoma (≤3 involved liver sectors, no metastatic disease, and an alpha-fetoprotein level of >100 ng per milliliter) to receive cisplatin alone (at a dose of 80 mg per square meter of body-surface area, administered over a period of 6 hours) or cisplatin plus sodium thiosulfate (at a dose of 20 g per square meter, administered intravenously over a 15-minute period, 6 hours after the discontinuation of cisplatin) for four preoperative and two postoperative courses...
June 21, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
Yuting Xiu, Baosheng Sun, Yongli Jiang, Aifu Wang, Linlin Liu, Ying Liu, Shilong Sun, Mingmei Huangfu
BACKGROUND: Tumor-associated antigen overexpression, which has been reported in many types of cancers, may trigger autoantibody secretion. The present study was designed to test whether levels of circulating autoantibodies to survivin protein-derived antigens is altered in liver, esophageal, breast, and lung cancers. METHODS: Patients with liver (144), esophageal (159), breast (124), and lung cancers (267), and healthy volunteers (362) were recruited for the study, and serum samples were collected for ELISA autoantibody analysis...
June 2018: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
Akiko Hanai, Hiroshi Ishiguro, Takashi Sozu, Moe Tsuda, Ikuko Yano, Takayuki Nakagawa, Satoshi Imai, Yoko Hamabe, Masakazu Toi, Hidenori Arai, Tadao Tsuboyama
Background: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a dose-limiting and disabling side effect of taxane anticancer agents. We prospectively evaluated the efficacy of cryotherapy for CIPN prevention. Methods: Breast cancer patients treated weekly with paclitaxel (80 mg/m2 for one hour) wore frozen gloves and socks on the dominant side for 90 minutes, including the entire duration of drug infusion. Symptoms on the treated sides were compared with those on the untreated (nondominant) sides...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Nada Assi, Marc J Gunter, Duncan C Thomas, Michael Leitzmann, Magdalena Stepien, Véronique Chajès, Thierry Philip, Paolo Vineis, Christina Bamia, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Torkjel M Sandanger, Amaia Molinuevo, Hendriek Boshuizen, Anneli Sundkvist, Tilman Kühn, Ruth Travis, Kim Overvad, Elio Riboli, Augustin Scalbert, Mazda Jenab, Vivian Viallon, Pietro Ferrari
Background: Studies using metabolomic data have identified metabolites from several compound classes that are associated with disease-related lifestyle factors. Objective: In this study, we identified metabolic signatures reflecting lifestyle patterns and related them to the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. Design: Within a nested case-control study of 147 incident HCC cases and 147 matched controls, partial least squares (PLS) analysis related 7 modified healthy lifestyle index (HLI) variables (diet, BMI, physical activity, lifetime alcohol, smoking, diabetes, and hepatitis) to 132 targeted serum-measured metabolites and a liver function score...
June 18, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Gerardo Rosati, Nunzio Del Gaudio, Enrico Scarano, Rosa Anna Cifarelli, Lucia Altucci, Domenico Bilancia
RATIONALE: Regorafenib is an oral multikinase inhibitor and is approved as salvage therapy in the standard treatment of advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). Due to its limited efficacy, toxicity profile, and cost, it is necessary to identify those patients who may have the most benefit from regorafenib. In a previous case report, kinase insert domain receptor (KDR) mutation has been associated with exceptional clinical response (CR) in an elderly patient treated with a low dose of regorafenib; thus, it was hypothesized that it could represent a new predictive marker of drug response...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Wanyun Gong, Lin Liu, Manyu Li, Lin Wang, Mingyu Zhang, Zhengxin Luo, Siddharth Sridhar, Patrick C Y Woo, Ling Wang
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major cause of acute viral hepatitis. Patients with chronic hepatitis B superinfected with HEV may progress to liver failure. Babao Dan (BD) is a traditional Chinese medicine widely used as an auxiliary option for the treatment of chronic hepatitis and liver cancer in China. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of BD on the management of HEV infection in a rabbit model. Sixty-two specific-pathogen-free (SPF) rabbits were divided randomly into five groups and treated with BD or placebo for 2 weeks...
June 20, 2018: Journal of General Virology
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