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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445009/evaluation-of-six-phenotypic-methods-for-the-detection-of-carbapenemases-in-gram-negative-bacteria-with-characterized-resistance-mechanisms
#1
Kunling Sun, Xiuyu Xu, Jinrong Yan, Liping Zhang
BACKGROUND: We compared the performance of the modified Hodge test (MHT), Triton Hodge test (THT), Carba NP test (CNPt), simplified Carba NP test (CNPt-direct), blue-Carba NP test (BCT), and carbapenem inactivation method (CIM) for rapid and accurate carbapenemase detection. METHODS: The methods were evaluated by using 256 gram-negative isolates, including 197 Enterobacteriaceae (79 Enterobacter spp., 74 Klebsiella spp., 33 Escherichia coli, 10 Citrobacter spp., and 1 Serratia marcescens), 51 Acinetobacter baumannii, and 8 Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains...
July 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444620/environmental-pollution-with-antimicrobial-agents-from-bulk-drug-manufacturing-industries-in-hyderabad-south-india-is-associated-with-dissemination-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-and-carbapenemase-producing-pathogens
#2
Christoph Lübbert, Christian Baars, Anil Dayakar, Norman Lippmann, Arne C Rodloff, Martina Kinzig, Fritz Sörgel
PURPOSE: High antibiotic and antifungal concentrations in wastewater from anti-infective drug production may exert selection pressure for multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens. We investigated the environmental presence of active pharmaceutical ingredients and their association with MDR Gram-negative bacteria in Hyderabad, South India, a major production area for the global bulk drug market. METHODS: From Nov 19 to 28, 2016, water samples were collected from the direct environment of bulk drug manufacturing facilities, the vicinity of two sewage treatment plants, the Musi River, and habitats in Hyderabad and nearby villages...
April 26, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443883/an-aza-bodipy-based-near-infrared-fluorescent-probe-for-sensitive-discrimination-of-cysteine-homocysteine-and-glutathione-in-living-cells
#3
Hui-Jing Xiang, Huijun Phoebe Tham, Minh Duc Nguyen, Soo Zeng Fiona Phua, Wei Qi Lim, Jin-Gang Liu, Yanli Zhao
Discriminative detection of glutathione (GSH) from cysteine/homocysteine (Cys/Hcy) is achieved through two emission channel analysis using a stable, highly sensitive, and selective near-infrared fluorescent probe that bears 7-nitrobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazole and aza-BODIPY units. The probe was successfully applied for simultaneous determination of GSH and Cys/Hcy in living cells.
April 26, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443020/bgp-15-protects-against-oxaliplatin-induced-skeletal-myopathy-and-mitochondrial-reactive-oxygen-species-production-in-mice
#4
James C Sorensen, Aaron C Petersen, Cara A Timpani, Dean G Campelj, Jordan Cook, Adam J Trewin, Vanesa Stojanovska, Mathew Stewart, Alan Hayes, Emma Rybalka
Chemotherapy is a leading intervention against cancer. Albeit highly effective, chemotherapy has a multitude of deleterious side-effects including skeletal muscle wasting and fatigue, which considerably reduces patient quality of life and survivability. As such, a defense against chemotherapy-induced skeletal muscle dysfunction is required. Here we investigate the effects of oxaliplatin (OXA) treatment in mice on the skeletal muscle and mitochondria, and the capacity for the Poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, BGP-15, to ameliorate any pathological side-effects induced by OXA...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442306/evaluation-of-a-real-time-pcr-assay-for-rectal-screening-of-oxa-48-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-a-general-intensive-care-unit-of-an-endemic-hospital
#5
J Fernández, S A Cunningham, A Fernández-Verdugo, L Viña-Soria, L Martín, M R Rodicio, D Escudero, F Vazquez, J N Mandrekar, R Patel
Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae are increasing worldwide. Rectal screening for these bacteria can inform the management of infected and colonized patients, especially those admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). A laboratory developed, qualitative duplex real-time polymerase chain reaction assay for rapid detection of OXA-48-like and VIM producing Enterobacteriaceae, performed on rectal swabs, was designed and evaluated in an intensive care unit with endemic presence of OXA-48. During analytical assay validation, no cross-reactivity was observed and 100% sensitivity and specificity were obtained for both blaOXA-48-like and blaVIM in all spiked clinical samples...
April 6, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438945/multi-hospital-occurrence-of-pan-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-st147-with-an-isecp1-directed-blaoxa-181-insertion-into-the-mgrb-gene-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#6
Ágnes Sonnevend, Akela Ghazawi, Rayhan Hashmey, Aliasgher Haidermota, Safinaz Girgis, Mubarak Alfaresi, Mohammed Omar, David L Paterson, Hosam M Zowawi, Tibor Pál
The emergence of pan-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains is an increasing concern. In the current study we describe a cluster of 9 pan-resistant K. pneumoniae ST147 isolates encountered in 4 patients over nearly one year in 3 hospitals of the United Arab Emirates. The isolates exhibited highly similar genotypes. All produced chromosomally encoded OXA-181 and the majority also produced the NDM-5 carbapenemase. Similarly to the previously described single isolate from the UAE, MS6671, the mgrB was disrupted by a functional, ISEcp1-driven blaOXA-181 insertion causing resistance to carbapenems...
April 24, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437232/epidemiological-physiological-and-molecular-characteristics-of-a-brazilian-collection-of-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#7
Vanessa Cordeiro Dias, Juliana Alves Resende, André Netto Bastos, Lucas Quinet De Andrade Bastos, Victor Quinet De Andrade Bastos, Ricardo Villela Bastos, Cláudio Galuppo Diniz, Vânia Lúcia Da Silva
Nonfermenting Gram-negative bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii are widespread in the environment and are increasingly associated with nosocomial infections, often associated with multidrug-resistance phenotypes. This study aimed to evaluate epidemiological, physiological, and molecular characteristics of carbapenem resistance in P. aeruginosa and A. baumannii. In total, 63 nonreplicated strains (44 A. baumannii and 19 P. aeruginosa) were isolated from hospitalized patients. Antimicrobial resistance patterns, biocide tolerance, oxidative stress, hemolytic activity, and biofilm formation were assessed...
February 24, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436497/metal-ion-binding-by-laterally-non-symmetric-macrobicyclic-oxa-aza-cryptands
#8
Parimal K Bharadwaj
Macrobicyclic cryptands incorporating amine groups along with oxygen donors that are laterally non-symmetric constitute an important class of organic compounds. These molecules can form inclusion complexes with different transition and main group metal ions. It is also possible to modify the binding characteristics of these compounds through attachment of different groups. Some of these metal complexes can be useful homogeneous catalysts in different organic transformations. If there are chiral centers present in the cryptands, they can be useful in asymmetric syntheses...
April 24, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435735/crystal-structure-and-hirshfeld-surface-analysis-of-1-4-bromo-phen-yl-2-5-pyridin-3-yl-1-3-4-oxa-diazol-2-yl-sulfan-yl-ethan-1-one
#9
Huma Bano, Shafqat Hussain, Khalid M Khan, Shahnaz Perveen, Sammer Yousuf
In the title compound, C15H10BrN3O2S, the dihedral angles between the 1,3,4-oxa-diazole ring and the 3-pyridinyl and bromo-benzene rings are 12.17 (15) and 18.74 (15)°, respectively. In the crystal, the mol-ecules are linked into [100] chains by way of C-H⋯O, C-H⋯N, C-H⋯S hydrogen bonds. The Hirshfeld surface analysis indicates that the most important contributions to the packing are H⋯H (19.5%), N⋯H (17.3%), C⋯H (15.5%), Br⋯H (11.7%), and O⋯H (11.0%) inter-actions.
April 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435713/crystal-structure-of-trans-di-chloridobis-n-5-5-di-methyl-4-5-di-hydro-3h-pyrrol-2-yl-%C3%AE%C2%BAn-acetamide-palladium-ii-dihydrate
#10
Jamal Lasri, Naser Eltaher Eltayeb, Matti Haukka, Bandar A Babgi
The title complex, [PdCl2(C8H14N2O)2]·2H2O, was obtained by N-O bond cleavage of the oxa-diazo-line rings of the trans-[di-chlorido-bis-(2,5,5-trimethyl-5,6,7,7a-tetra-hydro-pyrrolo-[1,2-b][1,2,4]oxa-diazole-N(1))]palladium(II) complex. The palladium(II) atom exhibits an almost square-planar coordination provided by two trans-arranged chloride anions and a nitro-gen atom from each of the two neutral organic ligands. In the crystal, N-H⋯O, O-H⋯O and O-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds link complex mol-ecules into double layers parallel to the bc plane...
April 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435712/crystal-structure-and-hirshfeld-surface-analysis-of-1-4-chloro-phen-yl-2-5-4-chloro-phen-yl-1-3-4-oxa-diazol-2-yl-sulfan-yl-ethanone
#11
Rajesh Kumar, Shafqat Hussain, Khalid M Khan, Shahnaz Perveen, Sammer Yousuf
In the title compound, C16H10Cl2N2O2S, the dihedral angles formed by the chloro-substituted benzene rings with the central oxa-diazole ring are 6.54 (9) and 6.94 (8)°. In the crystal, C-H⋯N hydrogen bonding links the mol-ecules into undulating ribbons running parallel to the b axis. Hirshfeld surface analysis indicates that the most important contributions for the crystal packing are the H⋯C (18%), H⋯H (17%), H⋯Cl (16.6%), H⋯O (10.4%), H⋯N (8.9%) and H⋯S (5.9%) inter-actions.
April 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430454/accessing-polyoxygenated-dibenzofurans-via-the-union-of-phenols-and-o-benzoquinones-rapid-syntheses-of-metabolites-isolated-from-ribes-takare
#12
Meng Yao Zhang, Russell A Barrow
The construction of polyoxygenated dibenzo[b,d]furan frameworks from the union of substituted phenols/naphthols and o-benzoquinones via a Michael-oxidation-oxa-Michael cascade is reported. The power of this transformation is demonstrated in the generation of a library of highly substituted dibenzofurans, featuring specifically substituted molecules containing broad ranges of functionality. The utility of this method is showcased in the total syntheses of two dibenzofurans isolated from Ribes takare, assembling the carbon scaffold of both natural products in one operation...
April 21, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427842/predominance-of-international-clone-2-oxa-23-producing-acinetobacter-baumannii-clinical-isolates-in-greece-2015-results-of-a-nationwide-study
#13
Spyros Pournaras, Konstantina Dafopoulou, Mariateresa Del Franco, Olympia Zarkotou, Evangelia Dimitroulia, Efi Protonotariou, Aggeliki Poulou, Raffaele Zarrilli, Athanasios Tsakris
In a previous nationwide study in Greece, OXA-58 was the sole carbapenemase present among carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) isolated between 2000 and 2009. In this study, the antibiotic resistances, carbapenemase gene content and clonal relatedness of 194 single-patient CRAB clinical isolates collected randomly during 2015 from 11 tertiary hospitals located throughout Greece were investigated. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined using commercial and dilution methods. PCR for carbapenemase genes were performed...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425283/total-synthesis-of-angiopterlactone-b
#14
Marie I Thomson, Gary S Nichol, Andrew L Lawrence
An enantioselective total synthesis of (-)-angiopterlactone B has been accomplished in four steps. The synthesis features a proposed biomimetic domino ring-contraction/oxa-Michael/Michael dimerization sequence, forming three new bonds, two new rings, and three new contiguous stereogenic centers in a single step. It has been determined that the originally proposed absolute configuration of natural (+)-angiopterlactone B needs revision. This reveals that angiopteroside, a known glycoside natural product, is the likely biosynthetic precursor to (+)-angiopterlactone B...
April 20, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425271/molecular-characteristics-and-antibiotic-resistance-of-acinetobacter-baumanniibeta-lactamase-producing-isolates-a-predominance-of-intrinsic-blaoxa-51-and-detection-of-tem-and-ctx-m-genes
#15
Amir Ibrahimagić, Farah Kamberović, Selma Uzunović, Branka Bedenić, Emina Idrizović
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the molecular characteristics and antibiotic resistance of 13 (10 inpatient and three outpatient) Acinetobacter baumannii beta-lactamase-producing isolates collected in Bosnia and Herzegovina between December 2009 and May 2010. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Susceptibility testing was performed by disk diffusion and broth microdilution methods. The modified Hodge and combined disk test with EDTA/phenylboronic acid was used to screen for carbapenemase production...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423513/mir-503-5p-confers-drug-resistance-by-targeting-puma-in-colorectal-carcinoma
#16
Ke Xu, Guo Chen, Yanyan Qiu, Zeting Yuan, Hongchang Li, Xia Yuan, Jian Sun, Jianhua Xu, Xin Liang, Peihao Yin
The development of multidrug-resistance (MDR) is a major contributor to death in colorectal carcinoma (CRC). Here, we investigated the possible role of microRNA (miR)-503-5p in drug resistant CRC cells. Unbiased microRNA array screening revealed that miR-503-5p is up-regulated in two oxaliplatin (OXA)-resistant CRC cell lines. Overexpression of miR-503-5p conferred resistance to OXA-induced apoptosis and inhibition of tumor growth in vitro and in vivo through down-regulation of PUMA expression. miR-503-5p knockdown sensitized chemoresistant CRC cells to OXA...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421761/diversity-oriented-one-pot-synthesis-to-construct-functionalized-chroman-2-one-derivatives-and-other-heterocyclic-compounds
#17
Ying-Han Chen, Xue-Li Sun, Hua-Shi Guan, Yan-Kai Liu
The asymmetric organocatalyzed diversity-oriented one-pot synthesis has been developed to construct chroman-2-one derivatives and other heterocyclic compounds with excellent efficiency and stereoselectivity. The reactions represent a challenging issue, since it altered the inherent selectivity profiles exhibited by the substrates of 2-hydroxycinnamaldehyde 1 and trans-β-nitrostyrene 2, which was previously reported as the asymmetric oxa-Michael-Michael cascade to generate chiral chromans. It should be noted that polycyclic O,O-acetal-containing compounds, which are found in numerous natural products and biologically interesting molecules, could also be achieved in good yields with excellent enantioselectivity as a single diastereoisomer with five continuous stereogenic centers...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417538/synthesis-of-long-oxahelicenes-by-polycyclization-in-a-flow-reactor
#18
Jindřich Nejedlý, Michal Šámal, Jiří Rybáček, Miroslava Tobrmanová, Florence Szydlo, Christophe Coudret, Maria Neumeier, Jaroslav Vacek, Jana Vacek Chocholoušová, Miloš Buděšínský, David Šaman, Lucie Bednárová, Ladislav Sieger, Irena G Stará, Ivo Starý
A series of oxahelicenes composed of ortho/meta-annulated benzene/pyridine and 2H-pyran rings were synthesized on the basis of the cobalt(I)-mediated (or rhodium(I)- or nickel(0)-mediated) double, triple, or quadruple [2+2+2] cycloisomerization of branched aromatic hexa-, nona-, or dodecaynes, thus allowing the construction of 6, 9, or 12 rings in a single operation. The use of a flow reactor was found to be beneficial for the multicyclization reactions. The stereogenic centers present in some of the oligoynes steered the helical folding in such a way that the final oxa[9]-, [13]-, [17]- and [19]helicenes were obtained in both enantiomerically and diastereomerically pure form...
April 18, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413506/active-efflux-pump-adeb-is-involved-in-multidrug-resistance-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-induced-by-antibacterial-agents
#19
Tingting Zhang, Min Wang, Yixin Xie, Xianping Li, Zhihui Dong, Yanhua Liu, Ling Wang, Min Yang, Huan Song, Hong Cao, Wei Cao
The aim of the present study was to investigate the resistance of Acinetobacter baumannii, which was induced by cefepime (FEP), cefoperazone-sulbactam (SCF), tazobactam (TZP), levofloxacin (LEV), amikacin (AK), imipenem (IPM), and ciprofloxacin (CIP), in vitro. Multi-step drug resistance selection of 16 A. baumannii strains was performed using seven antibacterial agents (FEP, TZP, CIP, AK, IPM, SCF, and LEV). The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined using the agar dilution method. Random amplified polymorphic DNA polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze the genotypes and the carrying rates of aac(3)-I, aac(6')-I, ant(3)-I, aph(3)-Via, OXA-23, OXA-24, AmpC, TEM-1, metallo-β-lactamase gene (IMP), armA, rmtA, rmtB, parC, gyrA and adeB...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411078/performance-of-the-xpert-%C3%A2-carba-r-v2-in-the-daily-workflow-of-a-hygiene-unit-in-a-country-with-a-low-prevalence-of-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae
#20
Yannick Hoyos, Souad Ouzani, Laurent Dortet, Nicolas Fortineau, Thierry Naas
Early detection of patients colonised with carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) is crucial for implementing proper infection control measures. Here we evaluated the biological performance of the Xpert(®) Carba-R v2 (Cepheid) in the daily workflow of a hygiene unit in a country with a low CPE prevalence. Patients repatriated from countries known for high CPE prevalence or contact patients of a known CPE carrier were targeted as being 'high-risk patients' for CPE carriage. Between September 2015 and March 2016, 241 'high-risk patients' for CPE carriage were screened using the Xpert(®) Carba-R v2 and by plating on chromID(®) CARBA Smart medium (bioMérieux) with and without ertapenem-containing enrichment culture for 24 h...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
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