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James Knox, Claire Gregory, Louise Prendergast, Chandrika Perera, Jennifer Robson, Lynette Waring
Stool specimens spiked with a panel of 46 carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) and 59 non-carbapenemase producers were used to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 4 testing algorithms for the detection of intestinal carriage of CPE: (1) culture on Brilliance ESBL agar followed by the Carba NP test; (2) Brilliance ESBL followed by the Carba NP test, plus chromID OXA-48 agar with no Carba NP test; (3) chromID CARBA agar followed by the Carba NP test; (4) chromID CARBA followed by the Carba NP test, plus chromID OXA-48 with no Carba NP test...
September 30, 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Hemlata Hemlata, Arif Tasleem Jan, Archana Tiwari
Antibiotic resistance is a global problem exacerbated due to selective pressure of antimicrobial agents, spontaneous mutation, recombination and horizontal gene transfer. Of the different mechanisms that led to spread of resistance, one notorious phenomenon is the generation of Extended Spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) preferably TEM, SHV, OXA and CTX-M. Their production and frequent mobilization through horizontal gene transfer, made bacteria to exhibit resistance against a broad range of antibiotics. Resilient development of resistance among bacteria hampers available treatment options against different infections in the health care system...
October 14, 2016: Current Drug Metabolism
Farah Ben Tanfous, Carla Andrea Alonso, Wafa Achour, Laura Ruiz-Ripa, Carmen Torres, Assia Ben Hassen
The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular features among Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli strains showing a resistant/intermediate-resistant phenotype to ertapenem (R/IR-ERT), implicated in colonization/infection in patients of the Hematology and Graft Units of the National Bone Marrow Transplant Center of Tunisia (3-year period, 2011-2014). The major carbapenemase, extended-spectrum beta-lactamase, and plasmidic AmpC beta-lactamase genes were analyzed and characterized by PCR and sequencing...
October 18, 2016: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Michel Fischer, Klaus Harms, Ulrich Koert
An efficient stereoselective synthetic approach to 7-20 oxa-bridged abietane type natural products is reported. Key steps are an asymmetric Mukaiyama aldol addition to construct the C3 stereocenter and an intramolecular organocatalyzed Stetter-type Michael addition followed by a Tishchenko reaction. An intramolecular lactone-enolate arylation delivers the tetracyclic skeleton. This synthetic strategy was applied for the first total synthesis of (+)-elevenol, an antihepatitis C active compound from Fluegga virosa, and the first total synthesis of (+)-przewalskin...
October 18, 2016: Organic Letters
Dennis G Hall, Taras Rybak, Tristan Verdelet
Multicomponent reactions (MCR), transformations employing three or more simple substrates in a single and highly atom-economical operation, are very attractive in both natural product synthesis and diversity-oriented synthesis of druglike molecules. Several popular multicomponent reactions were designed by combining two well-established individual reactions that utilize mutually compatible substrates. In this regard, it is not surprising that the merging of two reactions deemed as workhorses of stereoselective synthesis, the Diels-Alder cycloaddition and carbonyl allylboration, would produce a powerful and highly versatile tandem MCR process...
October 18, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
Chouki Chenaf, Eric Chapuy, Frédéric Libert, Fabien Marchand, Christine Courteix, Marianne Bertrand, Cecilia Gabriel, Elisabeth Mocaër, Alain Eschalier, Nicolas Authier
Antidepressants are first-line treatments of neuropathic pain but not all of these drugs are really effective. Agomelatine is an antidepressant with a novel mode of action, acting as a MT1/MT2 melatonergic receptor agonist and a 5-HT2C receptor antagonist that involves indirect noradrenaline release. Melatonin, serotonin and noradrenaline have been involved in the pathophysiology of neuropathic pain. Yet no study has been conducted to determine agomelatine effects on neuropathic pain in animal models.Using three rat models of neuropathic pain of toxic (oxaliplatin/OXA), metabolic (streptozocin/STZ) and traumatic (sciatic nerve ligation/CCI) etiologies, we investigated the anti-hypersensitivity effect of acute and repeated agomelatine administration...
October 1, 2016: Pain
John Osei Sekyere
A review of the literature was undertaken to delineate the current level and mechanisms of resistance to carbapenems, colistin, and tigecycline in South Africa. Thirty-two English publications and 32 National Institute of Communicable Diseases communiqués identified between early January 2000 and 20 May, 2016 showed substantial reports of NDM (n = 860), OXA-48 (n = 584), VIM (n = 131), and IMP (n = 45) carbapenemases within this period, mainly in Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 1138), Acinetobacter baumannii (n = 332), Enterobacter cloacae (n = 201), and Serratia marcescens (n = 108)...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Charlotte A Huber, Hanna E Sidjabat, Hosam M Zowawi, David Kvaskoff, Sarah Reed, John F McNamara, Kate L McCarthy, Patrick Harris, Benjamin Toh, Alexander M Wailan, David L Paterson
It has been described that the sensitivity of the Carba NP test may be low in the case of OXA-48-like carbapenamases and mass spectrometry based methods as well as a colorimetry based method have been described as alternatives. We evaluated 84 Enterobacteriaceae isolates including 31 OXA-48-like producing isolates and 13 isolates that produced either an imipenemase (IMP; n=8), New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM; n=3), or Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC; n=2), as well as 40 carbapenemase negative Enterobacteriaceae isolates...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Microbiological Methods
Allison M Weis, Dylan B Storey, Conor C Taff, Andrea K Townsend, Bihua C Huang, Nguyet T Kong, Kristin A Clothier, Abigail Spinner, Barbara A Byrne, Bart C Weimer
: Campylobacter is the leading cause of human gastroenteritis worldwide. Wild birds, including American crows are abundant in urban, suburban, and agricultural settings, and are likely zoonotic vectors of Campylobacter. Their proximity to humans and livestock increases the potential spreading of Campylobacter via crows between the environment, livestock, and humans. However, no studies have definitively demonstrated that crows are a vector for pathogenic Campylobacter We used genomics to evaluate zoonotic and pathogenic potential of Campylobacter from crows to other animals with 184 isolates obtained from crow, chicken, cow, sheep, goat, human, and non-human primates...
October 7, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Ziping Cao, Hongbo Zhu, Xin Meng, Jun Guan, Qiang Zhang, Laijin Tian, Xuejun Sun, Guang Chen, Jinmao You
Herein we describe a reaction of ortho-carbonylated alkynyl-substituted arylaldehydes with common primary amines that can provide functionalized isoindolinone and 3-hydroxylindenamine products in high yields. Depending on the substituent size of primary amines, two distinct reaction pathways were exploited selectively, that are, an initial aza-conjugate addition followed by hydrogen transfer to access isoindolinone framework and a unique oxa-conjugate addition followed by Petasis-Ferrier rearrangement to afford indenamine derivatives...
October 13, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Xin Yin, Su-Su Zheng, Lan Zhang, Xiao-Ying Xie, Yan Wang, Bo-Heng Zhang, Weizhong Wu, Shuangjian Qiu, Zheng-Gang Ren
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most prevalent and malignant type of liver cancer. Besides the high incidence, the resistance to chemotherapy is a major problem that leads to the high mortality of HCC. Recently, aberrant expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) has been considered as a primary feature of many types of cancer. However, the genome-wide expression pattern and associated functional implications of lncRNAs in chemo-resistant HCC cells remain unknown. In this study, we identified 120 differentially expressed lncRNAs with 61 up-regulated and 59 down-regulated (fold change>2, p<0...
October 8, 2016: Gene
Pei-Chi Lee, Chien-Yu Lin, Cheng-Liang Peng, Ming-Jium Shieh
The development of a controlled-release drug delivery system has been an important objective for cancer therapy. To achieve the goal of sustained drug release for preventing the biotoxicity of platinum drugs, oxaliplatin was encapsulated into PEGylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) decorated with superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The superparamagnetic properties and purification of SPIO/MWNT composites were achieved by annealing treatment during the fabrication process; the better hydrophilicity and biocompatibility were also accomplished subsequently after modification with polyethylene glycol (PEG)...
October 7, 2016: Biomaterials Science
Ashika Singh-Moodley, Olga Perovic
BACKGROUND: Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) is a concern in South Africa and worldwide. It is therefore important that these organisms be accurately identified for infection prevention control purposes. METHOD: In this study 1193 suspected CREs from 46 laboratories from seven provinces in South Africa were assessed to confirm the prevalence of carbapenemase genes from our referral diagnostic isolates for the period 2012 to 2015. We compared the antimicrobial susceptibility testing method used in the reference laboratory to the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) which is used as the gold standard...
October 4, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
D N Tran, H H Tran, M Matsui, M Suzuki, S Suzuki, K Shibayama, T D Pham, T T Van Phuong, D A Dang, H S Trinh, C T Loan, L T V Nga, H R van Doorn, H F L Wertheim
Acinetobacter baumannii is an important cause of multidrug-resistant hospital acquired infections in the world. Here, we investigate the presence of NDM-1 and other carbapenemases among carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii isolated between August 2010 and December 2014 from three large hospitals in Hanoi, Vietnam. We identified 23/582 isolates (4 %) (11 from hospital A, five from hospital B, and seven from hospital C) that were NDM-1 positive, and among them 18 carried additional carbapenemase genes, including seven isolates carrying NDM-1, IMP-1, and OXA-58 with high MICs for carbapenems...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
L De Crescentini, F R Perrulli, G Favi, S Santeusanio, G Giorgi, O A Attanasi, F Mantellini
Here we describe the reaction of 1,2-diaza-1,3-dienes and propargyl alcohol furnishing α-(prop-2-yn-1-yloxy)hydrazones that are converted into novel alkyl-1-oxa-7,8-diazaspiro[4.4]nona-3,8-dien-6-ones, by means of 2,3-Wittig rearrangement under very mild conditions. The same α-(prop-2-yn-1-yloxy)hydrazones, treated with benzyl azides furnish the corresponding α-[(1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methoxy]hydrazones, via Cu(ii)-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition. Their subsequent base-promoted cyclization produces interesting pyrazolone-triazole derivatives...
September 21, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Yao Wang, Xin Rong Sun, Wen Ming Feng, Ying Bao, Yin Yuan Zheng
BACKGROUND: Radical resection is the main treatment for colorectal cancer (CRC), but metastasis or recurrence is common in which liver metastasis accounted for 83% of the cases. Therefore, the prognosis of patients with advanced CRC may be improved if liver metastasis is prevented. This study aims to investigate the efficacy of hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) on liver metastases of stage III CRC patients after curative resection. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2008, 287 stage III CRC patients who had undergone radical resection were included in this study...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Caio Augusto Martins Aires, Cláudio M Rocha-de-Souza, Loeci Natalina Timm, Polyana Silva Pereira, Ana Paula D'Alincourt Carvalho-Assef, Marise Dutra Asensi
We aimed to describe an early detection of OXA-370-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in Brazil. The isolate CCBH10079 belonged to ST17 and the blaOXA-370 was located in a plasmid of ≅57kb.
September 16, 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Gleb V Baryshnikov, Rashid R Valiev, Nataliya N Karaush, Valentina A Minaeva, Alexandr N Sinelnikov, Stephan K Pedersen, Michael Pittelkow, Boris F Minaev, Hans Ågren
In the present work, we studied the synergetic effect of benzoannelation and NH/O-substitution for enhancing the absorption intensity in a series of novel designed benzoannelated aza- and oxa[8]circulenes. Semi-empirical estimations of the fluorescence rate constants allowed us to determine the most promising fluorophores among all the possible benzoannelated aza-, oxa- and mixed azaoza[8]circulenes. Among them, para-dibenzoannelated [8]circulenes demonstrated the most intense light absorption and emission due to the prevailing role of the linear acene chromophore...
October 12, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
C Katvoravutthichai, K Boonbumrung, R Tiyawisutsri
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the most important causes of nosocomial infection and it has increasing resistance to many antimicrobial agents. β-lactamase production is the most frequent mechanism for β-lactam resistance in P. aeruginosa. We evaluated the prevalence of β-lactamase genes in P. aeruginosa for classes A, C, and D by polymerase chain reaction, and investigated clonal diversity by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). We used the disk diffusion method to test 118 non-duplicate clinical isolates of P...
September 23, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Ivana Goic-Barisic, Jasna Hrenovic, Ana Kovacic, Martina Šeruga Musić
Six carbapenem-resistant isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii were recovered from untreated and treated municipal wastewater of the capital city of Zagreb, Croatia. Molecular identification of environmental isolates of A. baumannii was performed by amplification, sequencing, and phylogenetic analyses of rpoB gene. The presence of blaOXA genes encoding OXA-type carbapenemases (OXA-51-like, OXA-23, and OXA-40-like) was confirmed by multiplex PCR and sequencing. Phylogenetic analyses corroborated the affiliation of detected blaOXA genes to three different clusters and showed association of environmental OXAs with those described from clinical isolates...
October 2016: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
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