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Jesús Oteo, Aida Mencía, Verónica Bautista, Natalia Pastor, Noelia Lara, Fernando González-González, Francisco Javier García-Peña, José Campos
Antibiotic resistance is a global threat of complex and changeable epidemiology. The role of wild birds in the dissemination of antibacterial resistance might be underestimated. We studied the cloacal colonization by cefotaxime-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in 668 wild birds in Spain. Eighty-eight wild birds (13.2%) of 28 species carried cefotaxime-resistant isolates; 58 of them (8.7%) carried extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and 15 (2.5%) plasmid-mediated AmpCs of the blaCIT family. The 58 ESBLs belonged to the CTX-M-1 group (63...
May 21, 2018: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
M Rosenberg, K R Rostgaard, Z Liao, A Ø Madsen, K L Martinez, T Vosch, B W Laursen
Time-resolved fluorescence offers many advantages over normal steady-state detection and becomes increasingly important in bioimaging. However, only very few fluorophores with emission in the visible range and fluorescence lifetimes above 5 ns are available. In this work, we prepare a series of new aza/oxa-triangulenium dyes where one of the usual oxa or aza bridges is replaced by an isopropyl bridge. This leads to a significant redshift of fluorescence with only moderate reductions of quantum yields and a unique long fluorescence lifetime...
March 28, 2018: Chemical Science
Marianne Lund, Marianne Bøgild Petersen, Anders Lægaard Jørgensen, Dorte Paulmann, Mikala Wang
An in-house real-time PCR was developed to detect the carbapenemase genes IMP, NDM, VIM, KPC and OXA-48 from both bacterial colonies and directly from fecal material. The assay is a multiplex PCR performed in two tubes with NDM, VIM and IMP genes detected in one tube and OXA-48 and KPC genes in the other. Despite the large amount of primers and probes necessary to cover all variants of especially the VIM and IMP genes, the efficiency of the PCR reactions was from 95 to 100%. When tested on 170 clinical strains and compared to culture results from a reference laboratory, 100% correspondence was found...
April 13, 2018: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Héctor Argüello, Beatriz Guerra, Irene Rodríguez, Pedro Rubio, Ana Carvajal
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and Salmonella spp., are primary concerns in public health. The present study characterizes the AMR determinants of 62 multi-drug resistant (MDR) Salmonella enterica spp., isolates from swine, which were obtained between 2004⁻2006, a major source of human salmonellosis. The AMR determinants were investigated by PCR, checking the presence of class 1 and class 2 integrons and 29 resistance genes. Genes sul1 , blaTEM1 -like, aadA2 , tet (A), and dfrA12 were more prevalent ( p < 0...
May 16, 2018: Genes
Sambasivarao Kotha, Subba Rao Cheekatla
A new synthetic route to D3-trishomocubanone and oxa- D3-trishomocubane derivatives has been established by rearrangement approach. Remotely located methyl substituent in the six membered ring contributed to the acid catalyzed rearrangement of cage dione in an unusual fashion. This rearrangement approach provided an attractive route to extended D3-trishomocubanes which are not accessible by conventional multi-step synthetic sequence. For the first time, two phenyl groups were incorporated from the solvent in strained trishomocubane skeleton in an unprecedented manner via carbocation-mediated rearrangement with the aid of BF3...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Rui Wang, Linqing Wang, Dongxu Yang, Dan Li, Xihong Liu, Pengxin Wang, Kezhou Wang, Haiyong Zhu, Lutao Bai
By employing a simple in-situ generated magnesium catalyst, the direct asymmetric reaction between hemiacetals and P-ylides is achieved via a tandem Wittig-oxa-Michael reaction sequence. Enantioenriched chromans, isochromans and tetrahydropyrans can be obtained in good chemical yields. (-)-Erythrococcamide B can be asymmetrically synthesized through this synthetic technique. In this work, the by-product, TPO, was identified as a necessary additive in this asymmetric synthetic method.
May 16, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Ian D Giles, Alan J DeHope, Nathaniel B Zuckerman, Damon A Parrish, Philip F Pagoria
In energetic materials, the crystal density is an important parameter that affects the performance of the material. When making ionic energetic materials, the choice of counter-ion can have detrimental or beneficial effects on the packing, and therefore the density, of the resulting energetic crystal. Presented herein are a series of five ionic energetic crystals, all containing the dianion 5,5'-(3,3'-bi[1,2,4-oxa-diazole]-5,5'-di-yl)bis-(1 H -tetra-zol-1-olate), with the following cations: hydrazinium ( 1 ) (2N2 H5 + ·C6 N12 O4 2- ), hydroxyl-ammonium ( 2 ) 2NH4 O+ ·C6 N12 O4 2- [Pagoria et al...
April 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Maryury Brown-Jaque, Lirain Rodriguez Oyarzun, Thais Cornejo-Sánchez, Maria T Martín-Gómez, Silvia Gartner, Javier de Gracia, Sandra Rovira, Antonio Alvarez, Joan Jofre, Juan J González-López, Maite Muniesa
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a chronic disease in which the bacterial colonization of the lung is linked to an excessive inflammatory response that leads to respiratory failure. The microbiology of CF is complex. Staphylococcus aureus is the first bacterium to colonize the lungs in 30% of pediatric CF patients, and 80% of adult patients develop a chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection, but other microorganisms can also be found. The use of antibiotics is essential to treat the disease, but antibiotic performance is compromised by resistance mechanisms...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
David Olusoga Ogbolu, O A Terry Alli, Mark Alexander Webber, Adeolu Sunday Oluremi, Omoboriowo Moses Oloyede
β-Lactam antibiotics are widely used to treat urinary tract infections in Nigeria. This study aimed to determine the presence and characteristics of extended spectrum β-lactamases in commonly isolated uropathogenic Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) in Nigeria. Fifty non-duplicate GNB isolates consisting of Escherichia coli , 19; Klebsiella pneumoniae , 21; and Pseudomonas aeruginosa , 10 were obtained from three tertiary hospitals in Nigeria. The antibiotic susceptibility testing of all isolates to a panel of antibiotics including minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and extended spectrum β-lactamases was determined...
April 2018: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
Dusan Misic, Jelena Asanin, Joachim Spergser, Michael Szostak, Igor Loncaric
Multidrug resistant Acinetobacter (A.) baumannii is primarily important as a causative agent of difficult to treat nosocomial infections in humans (1).….
May 14, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
James A Karlowsky, Krystyna M Kazmierczak, Samuel K Bouchillon, Boudewijn L M de Jonge, Gregory G Stone, Daniel F Sahm
The in vitro activities of ceftazidime-avibactam and comparators were determined for 9,149 isolates of Enterobacteriaceae and 2,038 isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa collected by 42 medical centers in nine countries in the Asia-Pacific region from 2012 to 2015 as part of the International Network For Optimal Resistance Monitoring (INFORM) global surveillance program. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was conducted by CLSI broth microdilution and isolate subset analysis performed based on resistant phenotypes and β-lactamase content...
May 14, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Min-Chi Lu, Hui-Ling Tang, Chien-Shun Chiou, Yao-Chen Wang, Ming-Ko Chiang, Yi-Chyi Lai
OBJECTIVES: The global spread of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-Kp) has become a massive threat to human health. We here investigated the clonal relatedness of CR-Kp strains in central Taiwan. METHODS: CR-Kp were prospectively collected from inpatients referred to Chung Shan Medical University Hospital (CSMUH) during Sep. 2011 to Dec. 2015. The presence of carbapenemase genes, including blaKPC-2 , blaVIM-1 , blaNDM-1 , and blaOXA-48 was analyzed with PCR and sequence determination...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Zheng Yang, David A Hrovat, Gao-Lei Hou, Weston Thatcher Borden, Xue-Bin Wang
Cryogenic negative ion photoelectron (NIPE) spectra of the radical anion of 2,7- napthoquinone (NQ●-) have been taken at 20 K, using 193, 240, 266, 300, and 355 nm lasers for electron detachment. The electron affinity of the NQ diradical is determined from the first resolved peak in the NIPE spectrum to be 2.880 ± 0.010 eV. CASPT2/aug-cc-pVDZ calculations predict with reasonable accuracy the positions of the 0‒0 bands in the three lowest electronic states of NQ. In addition, the Franck-Condon factors calculated from the CASPT2/aug-cc-pVDZ optimized geometries, vibrational frequencies, and normal modes, successfully simulate the vibrational structures in these bands...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Laura Becker, Martin Kaase, Yvonne Pfeifer, Stephan Fuchs, Annicka Reuss, Anja von Laer, Muna Abu Sin, Miriam Korte-Berwanger, Sören Gatermann, Guido Werner
Background: By using whole genome sequence data we aimed at describing a population snapshot of carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae isolated from hospitalized patients in Germany between 2008 and 2014. Methods: We selected a representative subset of 107 carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae clinical isolates possessing the four most prevalent carbapenemase types in Germany (KPC-2, KPC-3, OXA-48, NDM-1). Isolates were processed via illumina NGS. Data were analysed using different SNP-based mapping and de-novo assembly approaches...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Niranjana Mahalingam, Bhavani Manivannan, Balaram Khamari, Shivakumara Siddaramappa, Sudeshna Adak, Eswarappa Pradeep Bulagonda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of CTX-M, TEM, SHV, VIM, NDM and OXA genes in carbapenemase-producing E. coli and their transmissibility at a tertiary care hospital in south India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one carbapenem-resistant E. coli (CRE) were collected from Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Medical Sciences, Prasanthigram, India. Resistance to antibiotics was analyzed by Vitek-2, and identity of the isolates was confirmed by 16S rDNA sequencing...
May 8, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Luisa Ragionieri, Francesca Ravanetti, Rosanna Di Lecce, Maddalena Botti, Ciccimarra Roberta, Simona Bussolati, Giuseppina Basini, Ferdinando Gazza, Antonio Cacchioli
Orexins are neuropeptides with pleiotropic functions, involved in the coordination of multiple versatile physiological processes, in particular related to food intake and several aspects of the reproductive process. Their actions are carried out through the bond with the related Orexin 1 (OXR1) and Orexin 2 (OXR2) G-protein-coupled receptors. Studies on the expression of the orexinergic system in the female genital organs are scarce and limited to preovulatory gametogenic follicles and corpora lutea isolated from the rest of the ovary...
May 5, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Yihua Dai, Feixia Ma, Yanfang Shen, Tao Xie, Shuanhu Gao
The synthesis of kibdelone C, a polycyclic natural xanthone isolated from a soil actinomycete, was achieved through a convergent approach. A 6π-electrocyclization was applied to construct the highly substituted dihydrophenanthrenol fragment (B-C-D ring). InBr3 -promoted lactonization was employed to build the isocoumarin ring, which served as a common precursor for the formation of isoquinolinone ring (A-B ring). A key DMAP-mediated oxa-Michael/aldol cascade reaction was developed to install the tetrahydroxanthone fragment (E-F ring)...
May 8, 2018: Organic Letters
Nicholas R Lee, Roscoe T H Linstadt, Danielle J Gloisten, Fabrice Gallou, Bruce H Lipshutz
Use of B-sp3 -alkyl reagents for Suzuki-Miyaura couplings under aqueous micellar catalysis conditions is reported. Studies as to substrate scope, use in a four-step one-pot sequence, and reaction medium recycling exemplify the synthetic utility of this technology. OBBD ( B-alkyl-9-oxa-10-borabicyclo[3.3.2]decane) derivatives are easily made and utilized for couplings under mild conditions. Comparisons were also made between OBBD and 9-BBN ( B-alkyl-9-borabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane) derivatives as reaction partners...
May 8, 2018: Organic Letters
Hirokazu Tsukamoto, Yumi Nomura, Koichi Fujiwara, Shogo Hanada, Takayuki Doi
A conjugate addition of diverse nucleophiles to acylketene acetals derived from 1,8-dihydroxynaphthalene (DHN) is developed for the formation of its 3-oxoalkan-1-one acetals. The initial acylketene acetals are prepared via double oxa-Michael addition of DHN to 1-bromo-1-propyn-3-ones. Carbonucleophiles, including organocopper reagents and active methylene compounds, and heteroatom nucleophiles were introduced under basic conditions. This method is applied for synthesizing spiropreussione A; the proposed structure does not correspond to that of the authentic natural product...
May 8, 2018: Organic Letters
Wen-Shih Huang, Chien-Tsong Lin, Cheng-Nan Chen, Shun-Fu Chang, Hsin-I Chang, Ko-Chao Lee
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth most common cause of cancer death worldwide. Chemotherapy has been the major strategy for treating patients with advanced CRC. Oxaliplatin (OXA) is used as both an adjuvant and neoadjuvant anticancer agent available to treat advanced CRC. High-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) is a critical regulator of cell death and survival. HMGB1 overexpression has been shown to be resistant to cytotoxic agents. In addition, Metformin, a widely used drug for diabetes, has emerged as a potential anticancer agent...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
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