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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551867/dialogical-exchange-class-using-movies-for-mutual-understanding-between-a-korean-and-a-japanese-university
#1
Sunah Oh
This study analyzes a process through which university students in Japan and South Korea come to understand the culture of the other country by exchanging comments on a documentary movie "ANNYON SAYONARA (Hello and Goodbye)" which relates to the Asia-Pacific War and Korean colonial rule by Japan. The approach to understand other cultures through movies is called the "Round Table Cinema Method" and is a method whereby individuals with different cultural backgrounds talk about the same movie to discuss "gaps," "sense of incongruity," and "internal conflicts" that arise...
May 27, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551392/transposable-phages-dna-reorganization-and-transfer
#2
REVIEW
Ariane Toussaint, Phoebe A Rice
Transposable bacteriophages have long been known to necessarily and randomly integrate their DNA in their host genome, where they amplify by successive rounds of replicative transposition, profoundly reorganizing that genome. As a result of such transposition, a conjugative element (plasmid or genomic island), can either become integrated in the chromosome or receive chromosome segments, which can then be transferred to new hosts by conjugation. In recent years, more and more transposable phages have been isolated or detected by sequence similarity searches in a wide range of bacteria, supporting the idea that this mode of HGT may be pervasive in natural bacterial populations...
May 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551188/regulatory-effect-of-dietary-intake-of-chromium-propionate-on-the-response-of-monocyte-derived-macrophages-from-holstein-cows-in-mid-lactation
#3
M Garcia, Y Qu, C M Scholte, D O'Connor, W Rounds, K M Moyes
Chromium (Cr) has been reported to enhance immune function and improve insulin sensitivity and performance in beef and dairy cattle. However, its effect on bovine macrophage inflammatory and metabolic response is unknown. The objective of this study was to characterize the effect of dietary Cr on the inflammatory and metabolic response of polarized macrophages ex vivo. Twelve primiparous and 16 multiparous healthy Holstein cows in mid lactation (143 ± 37 d in milk) were enrolled in this study. Cows were fed a common total mixed ration once per day that was top-dressed with 200 g of ground corn containing 1 of 2 dietary treatments: control (CTL, no Cr supplementation) or Cr propionate (CrP, 8 mg of Cr/cow per day) for 35 d...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551104/-what-measures-of-perineal-protection-at-birth-are-consensual-in-france-results-of-a-delphi-survey
#4
R de Tayrac, L Carligny, R Zimmerman, S Huberlant, V Letouzey
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate expert's opinion in order to obtain a consensus on the different measures of perineal protection at the time of vaginal delivery. METHODS: A survey using the Delphi method was carried out with a panel of French obstetricians, urogynecologists and midwives. The questionnaire included 22 questions grouped into four groups: expulsive efforts, indications of episiotomy, episiotomy repair and other forms of perineal protection. The experts had to answer on a 9-point scale, both on the validity and the clarity of each proposal...
May 24, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551033/the-molecular-signature-of-murine-t-cell-homeostatic-proliferation-reveals-both-inflammatory-and-immune-inhibition-patterns
#5
Karen A Fortner, Jeffrey P Bond, James W Austin, Jeremy M Boss, Ralph C Budd
T lymphocyte homeostatic proliferation, driven by the engagement of T cell antigen receptor with self-peptide/major histocompatibility complexes, and signaling through the common γ-chain-containing cytokine receptors, is critical for the maintenance of the T cell compartment and is regulated by the Fas death receptor (Fas, CD95). In the absence of Fas, Fas-deficient lymphoproliferation spontaneous mutation (lpr) mice accumulate homeostatically expanded T cells. The functional consequences of sequential rounds of homeostatic expansion are not well defined...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551023/a-novel-polytetrafluoroethylene-channel-model-which-simulates-low-levels-of-culturable-bacteria-in-build-up-biofilm-after-repeated-endoscope-reprocessing
#6
Michelle J Alfa, Maira M Ribeiro, Cristiana da Costa Luciano, Rodrigo Franca, Nancy Olson, Pat DeGagne, Harminder Singh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Clinical studies have shown variable culture results from flexible endoscope channels possibly due to low levels of bacteria that are difficult to extract. The aim of this study was to develop a simulated-use buildup biofilm (BBF) model that mimics low levels of viable bacteria after repeated rounds of aldehyde fixation and accumulation. METHODS: New endoscope channels were exposed to eight days of repeated rounds of biofilm formation using ATS2015 containing Enterococcus faecalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, rinsing, fixation with glutaraldehyde and rinsing...
May 24, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550008/prioritizing-measures-of-digital-patient-engagement-a-delphi-expert-panel-study
#7
Lynn A Garvin, Steven R Simon
BACKGROUND: Establishing a validated scale of patient engagement through use of information technology (ie, digital patient engagement) is the first step to understanding its role in health and health care quality, outcomes, and efficient implementation by health care providers and systems. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and prioritize measures of digital patient engagement based on patients' use of the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)'s MyHealtheVet (MHV) portal, focusing on the MHV/Blue Button and Secure Messaging functions...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549712/assessment-of-competence-in-evar-procedures-a-novel-rating-scale-developed-by-the-delphi-technique
#8
M Strøm, L Lönn, B Bech, T V Schroeder, L Konge
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To develop a procedure specific global rating scale for assessment of operator competence in endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). METHODS: A Delphi approach was used to achieve expert consensus. A panel of 32 international experts (median 300 EVAR procedures, range 200-3000) from vascular surgery (n = 21) and radiology (n = 11) was established. The first Delphi round was based on a review of endovascular skills assessment papers, stent graft instructions for use, and structured interviews...
May 23, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549547/a-systematic-review-on-ricochet-gunshot-injuries
#9
REVIEW
Yuw-Er Yong
Ricocheted bullets may still retain sufficient kinetic energy to cause gunshot injuries. Accordingly, this paper reviews the literature surrounding gunshot injuries caused by ricocheted bullets. In doing so, it discusses the characteristics of ricochet entrance wounds and wound tracks, noting several important considerations for assessment of a possible ricochet incident. The shapes of ricochet entrance wounds vary, ranging from round holes to elliptical, large and irregular shapes. Pseudo-stippling or pseudo-gunpowder tattooing, pseudo-soot blackening and tumbling abrasions seen on the skin surrounding the bullet hole are particularly associated with ricochet incidents...
May 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549183/pain-assessment-recommendations-for-women-made-by-women-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Geoff P Bostick, Bruce D Dick, Mary Wood, Barbara Luckhurst, Julie Tschofen, Timothy W Wideman
Objective.:  To quantitatively describe women's priorities for pain assessment and qualitatively explain unique features of women's pain experiences. Design.:  Mixed-methods study that included a three-round Delphi study followed by in-depth interviews. Setting. : Clinical research study. Participants.:  Twenty-three women with chronic pain recruited from three women's pain treatment facilities and one interdisciplinary chronic pain clinic...
May 26, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549039/paired-comparison-of-pd-l1-expression-on-cytologic-and-histologic-specimens-from-malignancies-in-the-lung-assessed-with-pd-l1-ihc-28-8pharmdx-and-pd-l1-ihc-22c3pharmdx
#11
Birgit G Skov, Torsten Skov
BACKGROUND: Programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression is a predictive biomarker for anti-PD-1 immunotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer. Different immunohistochemistry (IHC) assays have been developed on histologic material with different cutoffs for positivity. More than one third of the patients are diagnosed on cytology alone. We hypothesized that cytologic cell block material is suitable for PD-L1 analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-six paired samples of malignancies from the lung where cytologic cell block and histologic material were available from the same lesion were stained with PD-L1 IHC 28-8pharmDx and PD-L1 IHC 22C3pharmDx...
May 25, 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548044/falcon-a-highly-flexible-open-source-software-for-closed-loop-neuroscience
#12
Davide Ciliberti, Fabian Kloosterman
OBJECTIVE: Closed-loop experiments provide unique insights into brain dynamics and function. Here, we demonstrate an open-source software platform that enables high-performance real-time processing of streaming experimental data, suitable for a wide range of closed-loop experiments. APPROACH: We wrote a C++ multi-threaded software (Falcon) in which the user can load and execute an arbitrary processing graph. Each node in the graph is internally mapped to a single thread and nodes communicate with each other through thread-safe buffers...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547664/-it-was-a-lot-tougher-than-i-thought-it-would-be-a-qualitative-study-on-the-changing-nature-of-being-a-hemophilia-carrier
#13
Charlotte von der Lippe, Jan C Frich, Anna Harris, Kari Nyheim Solbrække
Studies on carriers of genetic disorders mainly focus on the process of genetic testing and reproductive choices, and less on how psychosocial aspects of being a carrier change over time. Our study sought to understand more about the psychosocial aspects of hemophilia carrier status, and thereby improve counseling aiming to advance carriers' quality of life and well-being. We analyzed 16 in-depth interviews from women who were carriers of hemophilia and had a son with hemophilia. Three themes emerged: Guilt and sorrow across generations; the choices and future consequences of genetic testing; and preparing to have a child with hemophilia...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547342/trichosporon-asteroides-isolated-from-cutaneous-lesions-of-a-suspected-case-of-paracoccidioidomycosis-ceti-in-a-bottlenose-dolphin-tursiops-truncatus
#14
Keiichi Ueda, Ichiro Nakamura, Eiko Nakagawa Itano, Kazunori Takemura, Yasutomo Nakazato, Ayako Sano
"Paracoccidioidomycosis ceti" is a rare zoonotic fungal infection affecting dolphins and is endemic worldwide. The causative agents are Paracoccidioides species; however, it is impossible to isolate the fungal species. We isolated Trichosporon asteroides from multifocal, irregularly raised skin lesions on a female bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) captured off coast of Japan, which was suspected to have "paracoccidioidomycosis ceti." An abundance of round, yeast-like cells was detected in a potassium hydroxide direct-mount specimen of the skin samples; however, nested PCR targeting the partial sequence of 43-kDa glycoprotein-coding gene correspondent to Paracoccidioides sp...
May 25, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546868/evaluation-of-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-stabilization-protocols-in-23-french-farrow-to-finish-farms-located-in-a-high-density-swine-area
#15
Pauline Berton, Valérie Normand, Guy-Pierre Martineau, Franck Bouchet, Arnaud Lebret, Agnès Waret-Szkuta
BACKGROUND: Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is responsible for reproductive disorders in sows and respiratory problems in pigs, and has a major economic impact. Controlling PRRSV is therefore a priority for the swine industry. Stabilization of a herd, defined as the production of PRRSV-negative pigs at weaning from seropositive sows, is a common method of control, and different protocols have been described in the literature to achieve this stabilization. CONTEXT AND PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate wether the combination of mass vaccination of sows and their piglets with a Genotype I modified live virus (MLV) vaccine, with temporal closure to the introduction of replacement animals and unidirectional pig and human flow can result in the production of PRRSV-negative pigs at weaning...
2017: Porcine Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546706/prognostic-factors-in-indian-patients-operated-for-soft-tissue-sarcomas-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-analysis
#16
Akshay Tiwari, Swati Shah, Ashwani Kumar Sharma, Sandeep Mehta, Ullas Batra, S K Sharma, A K Dewan
Soft tissue sarcomas are a rare entity. While surgery is established as the mainstay of treatment, the exact role and sequencing of adjuvant therapy is not well defined. Literature on Indian patients with soft tissue sarcoma with respect to clinical profile and prognostic factors is scarce. We retrospectively analysed the data of 112 patients operated for soft tissue sarcoma of extremity or trunk (excluding retroperitoneal and mediastinal sarcomas, round cell histology) at our institute from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2013...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546269/towards-an-expert-consensus-to-delineate-a-clinical-syndrome-of-chronic-breathlessness
#17
Miriam J Johnson, Janelle Yorke, John Hansen-Flaschen, Robert Lansing, Magnus Ekström, Thomas Similowski, David C Currow
Breathlessness that persists despite treatment for the underlying conditions is debilitating. Identifying this discrete entity as a clinical syndrome should raise awareness amongst patients, clinicians, service providers, researchers and research funders.Using the Delphi method, questions and statements were generated via expert group consultations and one-to-one interviews (n=17). These were subsequently circulated in three survey rounds (n=34, n=25, n=31) to an extended international group from various settings (clinical and laboratory; hospital, hospice and community) and working within the basic sciences and clinical specialties...
May 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546075/antimicrobial-storage-and-antibiotic-knowledge-in-the-community-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study-in-north-western-angola
#18
Joana Cortez, Edite Rosário, João E Pires, João Taborda Lopes, Moisés Francisco, Erika Vlieghe, Miguel Brito
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobials are drugs that were once lifesavers and mainly curative. Nowadays their value is increasingly under pressure because of the fast and worldwide emergence of antimicrobial resistance, which, in low resources settings, frequently occurs in microorganisms that are likely to be transmitted in the community. METHODS: A cross-sectional pilot study including 102 households within the 10th HDSS round in Dande, Bengo Province, Angola. RESULTS: From the total 102 households piloted, 77...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545930/the-knowledge-desired-by-emergency-medical-service-managers-of-their-ambulance-clinicians-a-modified-delphi-study
#19
Mats Holmberg, Ingegerd Fagerberg, Anna Carin Wahlberg
AIM: The aim of the study was to identify the types of knowledge that Swedish Emergency Medical Service (EMS) managers considered desirable in their Ambulance Clinicians. BACKGROUND: Emergency medical service managers are responsible for organisational tasking and in this are dependent on the knowledge possessed by their ambulance clinicians. It would therefore be of value to explore EMS managers' approach to this knowledge. DESIGN: A modified Delphi method in three rounds...
May 22, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545861/characterization-of-autonomous-families-of-tc1-mariner-transposons-in-neoteleost-genomes
#20
Bo Gao, Wei Chen, Dan Shen, Saisai Wang, Cai Chen, Li Zhang, Wei Wang, Xiaoyan Wang, Chengyi Song
We report the comprehensive analysis of Tc1/mariner transposons in six species of neoteleost (cod, tetraodon, fugu, medaka, stickleback, and tilapia) for which draft sequences are available. In total, 33 Tc1/mariner families were identified in these neoteleost genomes, with 3-7 families in each species. Thirty of these are in full length and designed as autonomous families, and were classified into the DD34E (Tc1) and DD×D (pogo) groups. The DD34E (Tc1) group was further classified into five clusters (Passport-like, SB-like, Frog Prince-like, Minos-like, and Bari-like)...
May 22, 2017: Marine Genomics
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