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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913505/modernizing-rounds
#1
Jason Stein, Susan Shapiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913504/modernizing-rounds
#2
Sherif B Mossad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913024/laser-pointer-induced-maculopathy-more-than-meets-the-eye
#3
Kamal Mtanes, Michael Mimouni, Shiri Zayit-Soudry
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical findings in patients with laser-induced retinal injury. METHODS: Consecutive patients presenting to a tertiary center between January 2014 and December 2015 following inadvertent ocular exposure to a laser pointer were included. Evaluation included a full ophthalmic examination and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). RESULTS: Seven young patients (8 eyes) were identified. Their mean age was 18...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912923/opportunism-or-aquatic-specialization-evidence-of-freshwater-fish-exploitation-at-ohalo-ii-a-waterlogged-upper-paleolithic-site
#4
Irit Zohar, Tamar Dayan, Menachem Goren, Dani Nadel, Israel Hershkovitz
Analysis of ca. 17,000 fish remains recovered from the late Upper Paleolithic/early Epi-Paleolithic (LGM; 23,000 BP) waterlogged site of Ohalo II (Rift Valley, Israel) provides new insights into the role of wetland habitats and the fish inhabiting them during the evolution of economic strategies prior to the agricultural evolution. Of the current 19 native fish species in Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee), eight species were identified at Ohalo II, belonging to two freshwater families: Cyprinidae (carps) and Cichlidae (St...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912469/effects-of-patient-safety-auditing-in-hospital-care-results-of-a-mixed-method-evaluation-part-1
#5
Mirelle Hanskamp-Sebregts, Marieke Zegers, Gert P Westert, Wilma Boeijen, Steven Teerenstra, Petra J van Gurp, Hub Wollersheim
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of internal auditing in hospital care focussed on improving patient safety. Design, Setting and Participants: A before-and-after mixed-method evaluation study was carried out in eight departments of a university medical center in the Netherlands. Intervention(s): Internal auditing and feedback focussed on improving patient safety. Main Outcome Measure(s): The effect of internal auditing was assessed 15 months after the audit, using linear mixed models, on the patient, professional, team and departmental levels...
June 15, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911999/ewing-sarcoma-and-the-history-of-similar-and-possibly-related-small-round-cell-tumors-from-whence-have-we-come-and-where-are-we-going
#6
Scott E Kilpatrick, John D Reith, Brian Rubin
The diagnosis of small round cell tumors always has been extremely difficult, and our current classification systems continue to evolve. Since its initial discovery by Dr James Ewing, the historical context of what is acceptably included under the designation "Ewing sarcoma" has changed. Although Ewing sarcoma and primitive neuroectodermal tumor were both initially described in the early 20th century, these tumors were considered likely distinct entities until the end of that same century, almost 75 years later...
June 14, 2018: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911287/synthesis-and-application-of-triclosan-methacrylate-monomer-in-resin-composites
#7
Andreia Bolzan de Paula, Jesus Roberto Taparelli, Roberta Caroline Bruschi Alonso, Lúcia Helena Innocentini-Mei, Regina M Puppin-Rontani
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the antibacterial activity, bacterial viability, cytotoxicity, and mechanical/physical properties of a novel methacrylate triclosan-derivative monomer (TM) incorporated in dental resin composite. METHODS: TM was synthesized by esterification and, after characterization by FT-IR, was added to an experimental composite. Samples were divided into two groups according to TM presence, i.e., C1 (control) and C2 (C1 + 14.4% TM). Microbiological properties: Specimens (C1 and C2) were prepared and placed on bacterial suspensions of Streptococcus mutans...
June 18, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911090/forgotten-joint-score-portuguese-translation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-instrument-of-evaluation-for-hip-and-knee-arthroplasties
#8
Marcio de Castro Ferreira, Gilvânia Silva, Flavio Fereira Zidan, Carlos Eduardo Franciozi, Marcus Vinicius Malheiros Luzo, Rene Jorge Abdalla
Objective: To translate and adapt culturally to Brazilian Portuguese the Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) patient-reported outcome questionnaire. Methods: Forty-five patients in the postoperative period (3-12 months) of total knee and hip arthroplasty were asked to answer the Br FJS questionnaire, translated into Portuguese based on the guidelines of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). Results: Twenty-three patients completed the questionnaire correctly, suggesting changes when pertinent...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910441/organized-sport-participation-and-physical-activity-levels-among-adolescents-with-functional-limitations
#9
Kwok Ng, Pauli Rintala, Yeshayahu Hutzler, Sami Kokko, Jorma Tynjälä
Sufficient and regular physical activity is considered a protective factor, reducing the onset of secondary disability conditions in adolescents with chronic diseases and functional limitations. The aim of this study was to explore whether participation in organized sport may be associated to higher levels of physical activity in adolescents with functional limitations, based on a national representative sample. Data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study collected in Finland from two data collection rounds (2002 and 2010) were conducted and pooled from adolescents aged between 13 and 15 years old with functional limitations ( n = 1041)...
October 19, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910421/efficacy-of-carbohydrate-ingestion-on-crossfit-exercise-performance
#10
Jaden A Rountree, Ben M Krings, Timothy J Peterson, Adam G Thigpen, Matthew J McAllister, Megan E Holmes, JohnEric W Smith
The efficacy of carbohydrate (CHO) ingestion during high-intensity strength and conditioning type exercise has yield mixed results. However, little is known about shorter duration high-intensity exercise such as CrossFit. The purpose of this study was to investigate the performance impact of CHO ingestion during high-intensity exercise sessions lasting approximately 30 min. Eight healthy males participated in a total of four trials; two familiarizations, a CHO trial, and a similarly flavored, non-caloric placebo (PLA) trial...
August 14, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910137/the-development-of-a-decision-tool-for-the-empiric-treatment-of-suspected-urinary-tract-infection-in-frail-older-adults-a-delphi-consensus-procedure
#11
Laura W van Buul, Hilde L Vreeken, Suzanne F Bradley, Christopher J Crnich, Paul J Drinka, Suzanne E Geerlings, Robin L P Jump, Lona Mody, Joseph J Mylotte, Mark Loeb, David A Nace, Lindsay E Nicolle, Philip D Sloane, Rhonda L Stuart, Pär-Daniel Sundvall, Peter Ulleryd, Ruth B Veenhuizen, Cees M P M Hertogh
OBJECTIVES: Nonspecific signs and symptoms combined with positive urinalysis results frequently trigger antibiotic therapy in frail older adults. However, there is limited evidence about which signs and symptoms indicate urinary tract infection (UTI) in this population. We aimed to find consensus among an international expert panel on which signs and symptoms, commonly attributed to UTI, should and should not lead to antibiotic prescribing in frail older adults, and to integrate these findings into a decision tool for the empiric treatment of suspected UTI in this population...
June 14, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910017/mri-analysis-of-extra-capsular-ganglia-at-the-gastrocnemius-origin-and-their-association-with-osteoarthritis
#12
C Park, J M Ahn, H Kim, Y Kang, E Lee, J W Lee, H S Kang
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence, clinical relevance, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of extra-capsular ganglia at the gastrocnemius origin and to assess their association with internal derangement and osteoarthritis of the knee. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive knee MRI examinations, obtained within a 6-month period from patients with no history of recent knee trauma, recent injections, inflammatory arthritis, infection, or tumours, were evaluated retrospectively for the presence of ganglia at the gastrocnemius origin...
June 14, 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909868/core-items-for-a-standardized-resource-use-measure-expert-delphi-consensus-survey
#13
Joanna C Thorn, Sara T Brookes, Colin Ridyard, Ruth Riley, Dyfrig A Hughes, Sarah Wordsworth, Sian M Noble, Gail Thornton, William Hollingworth
BACKGROUND: Resource use measurement by patient recall is characterized by inconsistent methods and a lack of validation. A validated standardized resource use measure could increase data quality, improve comparability between studies, and reduce research burden. OBJECTIVES: To identify a minimum set of core resource use items that should be included in a standardized adult instrument for UK health economic evaluation from a provider perspective. METHODS: Health economists with experience of UK-based economic evaluations were recruited to participate in an electronic Delphi survey...
June 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909807/selection-of-the-appropriate-cochlear-electrode-array-using-a-specifically-developed-research-software-application
#14
E H Stefanescu, S Motoi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness and reliability of a research software application for the estimation of an individual's cochlear duct length as a basis for electrode selection. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 21 consecutive patients (23 ears) implanted with a cochlear electrode were investigated. The study comprised 19 children (2 bilateral) and 2 adults. RESULTS: The measured 'A' distances (the largest distance from the round window to the contralateral wall) corresponded to cochlear duct lengths of 28...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909130/immunohistochemical-detection-of-the-vomiting-inducing-monoamine-neurotransmitter-serotonin-and-enterochromaffin-cells-in-the-intestines-of-conventional-or-gnotobiotic-gn-pigs-infected-with-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus-pedv-and-serum-cytokine-responses-of
#15
Kwonil Jung, Ayako Miyazaki, Linda J Saif
Serotonin is a critical monoamine neurotransmitter molecule stored and released from enterochromaffin (EC) cells into the gut submucosa, transmitting the vomiting signal to the brain. We studied one mechanism by which vomiting is induced in pigs infected with porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) by characterization of swine EC cells by immunohistochemistry. Conventional or gnotobiotic (Gn) 9-day-old pigs [PEDV-inoculated (n = 12); Mock (n = 14)] were inoculated orally (8.9-9.2 log10 genomic equivalents/pig) with PEDV PC21A strain or mock...
June 12, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908910/austrian-reference-values-for-phthalate-metabolite-exposure-in-children-adolescents-and-adults
#16
Christina Hartmann, Maria Uhl, Stefan Weiss, Sigrid Scharf, Jürgen König
Reference values (RV95 ) are statistically derived values comprising the rounded 95th percentiles within the 95% confidence interval and indicate the upper margin of background exposure to chemical substances in a population at a given time period. Based on representative national human biomonitoring data on several urinary phthalate metabolites in children, adolescents and adults from 2010 to 2011, RV95 were derived for the Austrian population based on a IUPAC guideline and the recommendation of the German Human Biomonitoring Commission...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908746/do-concentrations-in-eggs-and-liver-tissue-tell-the-same-story-of-temporal-trends-of-mercury-in-high-arctic-seabirds
#17
Mark L Mallory, Birgit M Braune
Mercury (Hg) remains a key contaminant of concern in Arctic biota, and monitoring of Hg concentrations in seabird tissues will be an effective approach to track the effects of implementing the Minamata Convention. We examined trends in total Hg (THg) in liver and egg tissues of two Arctic seabirds, thick-billed murres (Uria lomvia) and northern fulmars (Fulmarus glacialis), between 1976 and 2013 to assess whether both tissues showed similar patterns of Hg change. Hepatic THg was consistently higher than egg THg, and both species had similar egg THg concentrations, but fulmars had higher hepatic THg than murres...
June 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908680/interactions-between-dietary-inflammatory-index-nutritional-state-and-multiple-sclerosis-clinical-condition
#18
Bruna Yhang Da Costa Silva, Helena Alves De Carvalho Sampaio, Nitin Shivappa, James Hébert, Larissa Da Silva Albuquerque, Antônio Augusto Ferreira Carioca, José Artur Costa D'Almeida, Carla Soraya Costa Maia, Maria Luisa Pereira De Melo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) consists of a tool that assesses dietary inflammatory potential based on the assignment of an inflammatory score to a variety of nutrients, seasonings and bioactive compounds. Pro-inflammatory diets are associated to weight and abdominal fat excess. High Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist Circumference (WC) seem to contribute to a worse prognosis in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients. Therefore, this study seeks to investigate the relation between anthropometric indexes and body adiposity with the clinical condition and the Dietary Inflammatory Index of MS individuals...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908603/effect-of-ultrasonic-irradiation-on-morphology-and-polymorphic-transformation-of-glycine
#19
Sevgi Polat, Perviz Sayan
The polymorphic phase transformation of β-glycine to α-glycine was analyzed in the absence and presence of three different intensities of ultrasonic irradiation in a batch system at 25 °C. The experiments were performed to explore the effects of ultrasonic irradiation and its intensity on phase transformation time, morphology, storage stability, and filtration characteristics. The crystals obtained with and without ultrasound were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The XRD results showed that the ultrasound tended to reduce the transformation time...
October 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908491/go-with-the-flow-or-solitary-confinement-a-look-inside-the-single-cell-toolbox-for-isolation-of-rare-and-uncultured-microbes
#20
REVIEW
Geert Rb Huys, Jeroen Raes
With the vast majority of the microbial world still considered unculturable or undiscovered, microbiologists not only require more fundamental insights concerning microbial growth requirements but also need to implement miniaturized, versatile and high-throughput technologies to upscale current microbial isolation strategies. In this respect, single-cell-based approaches are increasingly finding their way to the microbiology lab. A number of recent studies have demonstrated that analysis and separation of free microbial cells by flow-based sorting as well as physical stochastic confinement of individual cells in microenvironment compartments can facilitate the isolation of previously uncultured species and the discovery of novel microbial taxa...
June 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Microbiology
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