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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677447/prediction-models-for-assessing-lycopene-in-open-field-cultivated-tomatoes-by-means-of-a-portable-reflectance-sensor-cultivar-and-growing-season-effects
#1
Leonardo Ciaccheri, Lorenza Tuccio, Andrea A Mencaglia, Kalina Maja Sikorska-Zimny, Ewelina Hallmann, Artur Kowalski, Anna Grazia Mignani, Stanislaw Kaniszewski, Giovanni Agati
Reflectance spectroscopy represents a useful tool for the non-destructive assessment of tomato lycopene, even in the field. For this reason, a compact, low-cost, LED-based sensor has been developed to measure reflectance in the 400-750 nm spectral range. It was calibrated against wet chemistry and evaluated by Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression analyses. The lycopene prediction models were defined for two open-field cultivated red-tomato varieties: the processing oblong tomatoes of the cv. Calista (average weight: 76 g) and the fresh-consumption round tomatoes of the cv...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677184/elasticity-based-boosting-of-neuroepithelial-nucleokinesis-via-indirect-energy-transfer-from-mother-to-daughter
#2
Tomoyasu Shinoda, Arata Nagasaka, Yasuhiro Inoue, Ryo Higuchi, Yoshiaki Minami, Kagayaki Kato, Makoto Suzuki, Takefumi Kondo, Takumi Kawaue, Kanako Saito, Naoto Ueno, Yugo Fukazawa, Masaharu Nagayama, Takashi Miura, Taiji Adachi, Takaki Miyata
Neural progenitor cells (NPCs), which are apicobasally elongated and densely packed in the developing brain, systematically move their nuclei/somata in a cell cycle-dependent manner, called interkinetic nuclear migration (IKNM): apical during G2 and basal during G1. Although intracellular molecular mechanisms of individual IKNM have been explored, how heterogeneous IKNMs are collectively coordinated is unknown. Our quantitative cell-biological and in silico analyses revealed that tissue elasticity mechanically assists an initial step of basalward IKNM...
April 20, 2018: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677152/optimization-of-the-critical-parameters-of-the-spherical-agglomeration-crystallization-method-by-the-application-of-the-quality-by-design-approach
#3
Orsolya Gyulai, Anita Kovács, Tamás Sovány, Ildikó Csóka, Zoltán Aigner
This research work presents the use of the Quality by Design (QbD) concept for optimization of the spherical agglomeration crystallization method in the case of the active agent, ambroxol hydrochloride (AMB HCl). AMB HCl spherical crystals were formulated by the spherical agglomeration method, which was applied as an antisolvent technique. Spherical crystals have good flowing properties, which makes the direct compression tableting method applicable. This means that the amount of additives used can be reduced and smaller tablets can be formed...
April 20, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676806/obstacles-to-comprehensive-dental-care-in-patients-with-sustained-limitations-of-their-decision-making-abilities-findings-from-a-delphi-study
#4
Alessandra Blaizot, Céline Catteau, Caroline Delfosse, Olivier Hamel, Thomas Trentesaux
The objective of this study was to explore the therapeutic limitations experienced by a panel of special-care dentists in France when treating patients with sustained limitations of their decision-making abilities. We used a Delphi technique conducted in three rounds from 01 June 2014 to 30 September 2015. A first questionnaire comprising open-ended questions was addressed to 72 panellists. A content analysis of the returned questionnaires served to draft a second questionnaire comprising closed-ended questions; this was sent to the 28 panellists who responded in the first round...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676370/primary-primitive-neuroectodermal-tumor-of-the-kidney
#5
Sunil Vitthalrao Jagtap, Pradnya Pandurang Kale, Anil Huddedar, Atul Bhanudas Hulwan, Swati S Jagtap
Renal primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) is a rare entity. It should be differentiated from other primary renal malignancies. The differentiation of the malignant small round cell tumors may be challenging; however, it is essential for better management of the patient. We report a 45-year-old male having complaints of pain in the abdomen, hematuria, and mass in the abdomen for 6 months. Abdominal and pelvic sonography finding showed cystic-solid, right renal mass suggestive of malignancy. On histopathology diagnosed as malignant small round blue cell tumor suggestive of primitive neuroectodermal tumor...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676364/qualitative-defects-with-normal-sperm-counts-in-a-patient-attending-infertility-clinic
#6
Rachna Goyal, Mrinalini Kotru, Aarti Gogia, Sonal Sharma
Background: Sperm morphology is an important qualitative parameter in semen analysis. Aim: To assess qualitative defects in the semen with normal sperm counts. Setting and Design: This was a prospective and descriptive study done in a tertiary care center. Materials and Methods: Seventy-five semen samples with normal sperm counts were evaluated. Qualitative defects of sperms on Papanicolaou-stained slides were assessed. The defects were noted as follows: head (tapering head, large head, small head, round head, bifid head), middle piece (bent neck, broad middle piece, excess residual cytoplasm), and tail (coiled tail)...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676216/developing-a-compassionate-culture-within-pediatric-rehabilitation-does-the-schwartz-rounds%C3%A2-support-both-clinical-and-nonclinical-hospital-workers-in-managing-their-work-experiences
#7
Keith Adamson, Sonia Sengsavang, Sakeena Myers-Halbig, Nancy Searl
Schwartz Rounds™ offers an interprofessional forum for staff to openly engage in discussions about social-emotional aspects of care. We aimed to assess the perceived impact of Rounds in the health care context of pediatric rehabilitation, as well as a comparative analysis of how Rounds affected clinical versus nonclinical staff. Does effect on perceived outcomes was also investigated. Data were collected from 29 hospital staff (15 clinicians, 14 nonclinicians) who attended one, two, or three+ Rounds via semistructured interviews...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675629/-geriatric-trauma-center-dgu%C3%A2-evaluation-of-clinical-and-economic-parameters-a-pilot-study-in-a-german-university-hospital
#8
M Knobe, B Böttcher, M Coburn, T Friess, L C Bollheimer, H J Heppner, C J Werner, J-P Bach, M Wollgarten, S Poßelt, C Bliemel, B Bücking
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on orthogeriatric models of care suggest that there is substantial variability in how geriatric care is integrated in the patient management and the necessary intensity of geriatric involvement is questionable. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current prospective cohort study was the clinical and economic evaluation of fragility fracture treatment pathways before and after the implementation of a geriatric trauma center in conformity with the guidelines of the German Trauma Society (DGU)...
April 19, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675418/comparative-epidemiology-of-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-virus-h5n1-and-h5n6-in-vietnamese-live-bird-markets-spatiotemporal-patterns-of-distribution-and-risk-factors
#9
Kate C Mellor, Anne Meyer, Doaa A Elkholly, Guillaume Fournié, Pham T Long, Ken Inui, Pawin Padungtod, Marius Gilbert, Scott H Newman, Timothée Vergne, Dirk U Pfeiffer, Kim B Stevens
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus has been circulating in Vietnam since 2003, whilst outbreaks of HPAI H5N6 virus are more recent, having only been reported since 2014. Although the spatial distribution of H5N1 outbreaks and risk factors for virus occurrence has been extensively studied, there have been no comparative studies for H5N6. Data collected through active surveillance of Vietnamese live bird markets (LBMs) between 2011 and 2015 were used to explore and compare the spatiotemporal distributions of H5N1- and H5N6-positive LBMs...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675142/reviewing-clinical-effectiveness-of-active-training-strategies-of-platform-based-ankle-rehabilitation-robots
#10
REVIEW
Xiangfeng Zeng, Guoli Zhu, Mingming Zhang, Sheng Q Xie
Objective: This review aims to provide a systematical investigation of clinical effectiveness of active training strategies applied in platform-based ankle robots. Method: English-language studies published from Jan 1980 to Aug 2017 were searched from four databases using key words of "Ankle∗ " AND "Robot∗ " AND "Effect∗ OR Improv∗ OR Increas∗ ." Following an initial screening, three rounds of discrimination were successively conducted based on the title, the abstract, and the full paper...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674886/a-new-species-of-paraonis-and-an-annotated-checklist-of-polychaetes-from-mangroves-of-the-brazilian-amazon-coast-annelida-paraonidae
#11
Rannyele Passos Ribeiro, Paulo Ricardo Alves, Zafira da Silva de Almeida, Christine Ruta
The polychaete fauna from the mangroves of the Amazon Coast in Maranhão state, Brazil, is reported in this study. Fourteen species are listed, namely Alitta succinea (Leuckart, 1847); Arabella (Arabella) iricolor Montagu, 1804; Capitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780) complex; Exogone (Exogone) breviantennata Hartmann-Schröder, 1959; Heteromastus filiformis (Claparède, 1864); Isolda pulchella Müller, 1858; Mediomastus californiensis Hartman, 1944; Namalycastis fauveli Nageswara Rao, 1981; Namalycastis geayi (Gravier, 1901); Namalycastis senegalensis (Saint-Joseph, 1901); Nephtys simoni Perkins, 1980; Paraonis amazonica sp...
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674827/the-effect-of-different-geometric-shapes-and-angles-on-the-fracture-strength-of-ips-e-max-computer-aided-designed-ceramic-onlays-an-in-vitro-study
#12
Jonathan Chu, Vincent Bennani, John M Aarts, Nicholas Chandler, Bronwyn Lowe
Statement of Problem: The current ceramic onlay preparation techniques for cuspal areas involve the reduction of cusps following the cuspal anatomy and the removal of all sharp angulations. However, there is little research literature studying the effect of occlusal preparation angles. Furthermore, there is no recent literature on the effect of angulations on IPS e.max computer-aided designed (CAD) (e.max) ceramic onlays. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of geometric cuspal angulation and different internal preparation angles on the fracture strength of e...
March 2018: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674822/evaluation-of-bioceramics-and-zirconia-reinforced-glass-ionomer-cement-in-repair-of-furcation-perforations-an-in-vitro-study
#13
Anish Kumar Lagisetti, Priyadarshini Hegde, Mithra Nidarsh Hegde
Aim: The aim and objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the sealing ability of EndoSequence BC RRM-fast set putty, Proroot mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and Zirconomer in the repair of furcal perforation by measuring dye leakage under stereomicroscope. Methodology: A standard access cavity was made on forty-eight extracted mandibular and maxillary first molars followed by creating a furcal perforation in the center of the pulp chamber by using No...
March 2018: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674819/analysis-of-mandibular-second-molars-with-fused-roots-and-shallow-radicular-grooves-by-using-micro-computed-tomography
#14
Pablo Amoroso-Silva, Ivaldo Gomes De Moraes, Marilia Marceliano-Alves, Clovis Monteiro Bramante, Ronald Ordinola Zapata, Marco Antonio Hungaro Duarte
Aim: This study aimed to describe the morphological and morphometric aspects of fused mandibular second molars with radicular shallow grooves using micro-computed tomography (CT). Materials and Methods: Eighty-eight mandibular second molars with fused roots were scanned in a micro-CT scanner at a voxel size of 19.6 μm. After reconstruction, only molars without C-shaped roots and presenting shallow radicular grooves were selected. 30 molars were chosen for further analysis...
March 2018: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674785/effects-of-prolonged-immunocontraception-on-the-breeding-behavior-of-american-bison
#15
Calvin L Duncan, Julie L King, Paul Stapp
In late 2009, the Catalina Island Conservancy began using fertility control to replace periodic removals to manage an introduced population of American bison ( Bison bison ) on the island. Through the application of the immunocontraceptive vaccine porcine zona pellucida (PZP), population growth was slowed within 1 year, and halted over time. In response to lingering questions about the use of PZP to manage large, free-ranging wildlife populations, we sought to determine the reversibility of PZP by ceasing the annual application to a subset of 15 bison cows and monitoring for subsequent calf arrival, and to document changes in the timing and length of the breeding season in response to PZP by monitoring breeding behavior and assessing fecal progesterone (FP) levels for all 60 resident cows over a 13-month period...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Mammalogy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674310/the-interactive-child-distress-screener-development-and-preliminary-feasibility-testing
#16
Sonja March, Jamin Day, Kirsty Zieschank, Michael Ireland
BACKGROUND: Early identification of child emotional and behavioral concerns is essential for the prevention of mental health problems; however, few suitable child-reported screening measures are available. Digital tools offer an exciting opportunity for obtaining clinical information from the child's perspective. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the initial development and pilot testing of the Interactive Child Distress Screener (ICDS). The ICDS is a Web-based screening instrument for the early identification of emotional and behavioral problems in children aged between 5 and 12 years...
April 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673888/quantifying-the-burden-of-out-of-pocket-health-expenditure-in-india
#17
R Thakur, S Sangar, B Ram, M Faizan
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at analyzing the dimensions of the burden of out-of-pocket (OOP) health expenditure in rural and urban India between 1999-2000 and 2011-2012. STUDY DESIGN: Consumer Expenditure Survey data of the National Sample Survey for the period of 1999-2000 (55th round), 2004-2005 (61st round), and 2011-2012 (68th round) have been used in this study. METHODS: To analyze the dimension of OOP healthcare expenditure, this study has used headcount measure, which includes change in the percentage of population paying OOP health expenditure, concentration index of headcount, rank-weighted headcount, and gap measures, which includes average per capita gap (health expenditure), mean positive gap, concentration index, and rank-weighted gap for rural, urban, and all India level between 1999-2000 and 2011-2012...
April 16, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673450/-establishment-of-multiple-indirect-immunofluorescence-technique-for-detecting-multiple-markers-in-the-same-specimens-of-hepatoma-cells-and-frozen-tissues
#18
Min Yang, Zhihua Tian, Bo Ma, Kaiying Jia, Hongli Zhang, Jing Fu, Wenwen Qin, Wei Zhao
Objective To establish a multiple-indirect immunofluorescence staining that can be used to detect several proteins in the same frozen section of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues. Methods Laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) was applied to scan the first group of antibodies against four proteins stained on the HCC tissues by the indirect immunofluorescence technique. The first group of antibodies and residual dye were removed by homologous species IgG Fab antibody blocking combined with chemical strip reagents (2-mercaptoethanol/dodecyl benzene sulfonic acid sodium/guanidine hydrochloride/sodium borohydride, β-ME/SDS/GnHCl/NaBH4)...
February 2018: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673310/atmad-robust-image-analysis-for-automatic-tissue-microarray-de-arraying
#19
Hoai Nam Nguyen, Vincent Paveau, Cyril Cauchois, Charles Kervrann
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, an innovative technology called Tissue Microarray (TMA), which combines multi-tissue and DNA microarray concepts, has been widely used in the field of histology. It consists of a collection of several (up to 1000 or more) tissue samples that are assembled onto a single support - typically a glass slide - according to a design grid (array) layout, in order to allow multiplex analysis by treating numerous samples under identical and standardized conditions...
April 19, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673303/paramedics-as-a-new-resource-for-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence
#20
Simon Sawyer, Jan Coles, Angela Williams, Brett Williams
Intimate partner violence (IPV) has a major impact on the health and well-being of women. The need for a coordinated response from health care professions encountering IPV patients is well established, and guidelines for individual health care professions are needed. Paramedics are believed to frequently encounter IPV patients, and this study aims to create a guideline to direct their response based on expert opinion. A clinical guideline for paramedics was created using current evidence and recommendations from health agencies...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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