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Refractory heart failure

Solène Le Pennec-Prigent, Erwan Flecher, Vincent Auffret, Guillaume Leurent, Jean-Claude Daubert, Christophe Leclercq, Philippe Mabo, Jean-Philippe Verhoye, Raphael P Martins
OBJECTIVES: Extracorporeal life support is used for patients with severe heart failure as a bridge to heart transplantation or recovery. We aimed at analyzing the efficacy and safety of extracorporeal life support to treat refractory arrhythmic storm responsible for cardiogenic shock in patients resistant to antiarrhythmic drugs. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University Hospital of Rennes, France. PATIENTS: Patients with refractory arrhythmic storm admitted between January 2005 and March 2015...
October 14, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Erica O Miller, Saurabh Malhotra, Ronald G Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Madhab Lamichhane, Joseph C Gardiner, Nicole R Bianco, Steven J Szymkiewicz, Ranjan K Thakur
PURPOSE: The wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) is generally used for short periods of sudden cardiac death (SCD) risk; circumstances may occasionally result in prolonged use (over 1 year). The aim of this study was to determine the benefits and risks of prolonged use in patients with systolic heart failure (HF). METHODS: ZOLL's post-market US database included adult patients (≥18 years) with ischemic and/or non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM, NICM) and at least 1 year of use...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Barry J Maron, Ethan J Rowin, Martin S Maron, Eugene Braunwald
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was first recognized as a disease of obstruction to left ventricular outflow, hence its early names and acronyms such as idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic obstruction. The nonobstructive subset of patients, incapable of developing mechanical impedance to left ventricular outflow at rest or with physiologic exercise, was initially recognized by the Braunwald group at the National Institutes of Health >50 years ago in the pre-imaging era and is now recognized as comprising about one-third of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Barış Akdemir, David G Benditt
The vagus nerve is a major component of the autonomic nervous system and plays a critical role in many body functions including for example, speech, swallowing, heart rate and respiratory control, gastric secretion, and intestinal motility. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) refers to any technique that stimulates the vagus nerve, with electrical stimulation being the most important. Implantable devices for VNS are approved therapy for refractory epilepsy and for treatment-resistant depression. In the case of heart disease applications, implantable VNS has been shown to be beneficial for treating heart failure in both preclinical and clinical studies...
October 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
David A Calhoun
Resistant hypertension has for many decades been defined as difficult-to-treat hypertension in order to identify patients who may benefit from special diagnostic and/or therapeutic considerations. Recently, the term "refractory hypertension" has been proposed as a novel phenotype of antihypertensive failure, that is, patients whose blood pressure cannot be controlled with maximal treatment. Early studies of this phenotype indicate that it is uncommon, affecting less than 5% of patients with resistant hypertension...
September 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
Naomi Nakazawa, Keisuke Nakabayashi, Toshiaki Oka
Renal congestion contributes to the cardiorenal syndrome. There are some heart failure cases that are refractory to diuretic therapy. If the dose of diuretics is titrated, it leads to irreversible renal dysfunction. Early administration of tolvaptan is effective in treating fluid retention and congestion. However, in case of tolvaptan resistance, starting extracorporeal ultrafiltration (ECUM) at an early stage should be considered. Tolvaptan has been proven efficient, and we believe it should be incorporated with the classical method, ECUM...
October 4, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Ryoga Hamura, Koichiro Haruki, Jun Tsutsumi, Sumio Takayama, Hiroaki Shiba, Katsuhiko Yanaga
Spontaneous biliary peritonitis is rare in adults. We herein report a case of spontaneous biliary peritonitis. An 84-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for abdominal pain for 5 days. He developed fever, jaundice, and abdominal rigidity. Computed tomography (CT) revealed massive ascites in the omental bursa and around the liver. The ascites obtained by diagnostic paracentesis was dark yellow-green in color, which implied bile leakage. With a diagnosis of bile peritonitis, the patient underwent emergency exploratory laparotomy...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Mayank K Mittal, Natraj Katta, Martin A Alpert
Chronic congestive heart failure (CHF) and acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) refractory to medical therapy represent therapeutic challenges. In such patients, attempts to reduce pulmonary and systemic congestion frequently produce deterioration of renal function. In studies of patients with chronic severe CHF refractory to medical therapy (including loop diuretics), isolated ultrafiltration was frequently able to relieve congestive symptoms by precise removal of extracellular water and sodium, and in some cases was able to restore responsiveness to loop diuretics...
October 2016: Hemodialysis International
Peter Seizer, Michaela Rockenstiehl, Suzanne Fateh-Moghadam, Susanne Haen, Ferruh Artunc, Martin R Müller, Azadeh Ebrahimi, Reimer Riessen, Meinrad Gawaz, Falko Fend, Michael Haap
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: A 55-year old man suffers from progressive, distinctive dyspnoea and physical weakness since 5 days. Due to ST-segment changes in the ECG and a positive troponin-test, the primary care physician initiates an hospitalization. INVESTIGATIONS: After admission, the laboratory tests confirm the elevated troponin-values, and show additionally elevated pro-brain-natriuric-peptide-values. The coronary angiography presents a highly reduced left ventricular function, an aortic insufficiency III° and a coronary heart disease...
September 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Marc K Halushka, Richard N Mitchell, Robert F Padera
Heart failure, whether acute or chronic, remains a major health care crisis affecting almost 6 million Americans and over 23 million people worldwide. Roughly half of those affected will die within 5 years, and the annual cost exceeds $30 billion in the US alone. Although medical therapy has made some modest inroads in partially stemming the heart failure tsunami, there remains a significant population for whom medication is unsuccessful or has ceased being effective; such patients can benefit from heart transplantation or mechanical circulatory support...
August 29, 2016: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
Chang Xie, Ya-Ping Zhang, Lu Song, Jie Luo, Wei Qi, Jialu Hu, Danbo Lu, Zhen Yang, Jian Zhang, Jian Xiao, Bin Zhou, Jiu-Lin Du, Naihe Jing, Yong Liu, Yan Wang, Bo-Liang Li, Bao-Liang Song, Yan Yan
PRKAG2 cardiac syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited disease resulted from mutations in the PRKAG2 gene that encodes γ2 regulatory subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase. Affected patients usually develop ventricular tachyarrhythmia and experience progressive heart failure that is refractory to medical treatment and requires cardiac transplantation. In this study, we identify a H530R mutation in PRKAG2 from patients with familial Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. By generating H530R PRKAG2 transgenic and knock-in mice, we show that both models recapitulate human symptoms including cardiac hypertrophy and glycogen storage, confirming that the H530R mutation is causally related to PRKAG2 cardiac syndrome...
October 2016: Cell Research
Shogo Shimada, Pedro J Del Nido, Ingeborg Friehs
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Rodent adult-to-adult heterotopic heart transplantation is a well-established animal model, and the detailed surgical technique with several modifications has been previously described. In immature donor organ transplantation, however, the surgical technique needs to be revised given the smaller size and fragility of the donor graft. Here, we report our surgical technique for heterotopic abdominal (AHTx) and femoral (FHTx) neonatal rat heart transplantation based on an experience of over 300 cases...
August 20, 2016: European Surgical Research. Europäische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes
Makiko Nakamura, Osahiko Sunagawa, Ryo Hokama, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya, Takafumi Miyara, Yoji Taba, Takashi Touma
The patient was a 26 year-old man who was referred to our hospital in June 2011 because of severe heart failure. At age 24 years, he was found to have Becker muscular dystrophy. He received enalapril for cardiac dysfunction; however, he had worsening heart failure and was thus referred to our hospital. Echocardiography showed enlargement of the left ventricle, with a diastolic dimension of 77 mm and ejection fraction of 19%. His condition improved temporarily after an infusion of dobutamine and milrinone. He was then administered amiodarone for ventricular tachycardia; however, he subsequently developed hemoptysis...
September 28, 2016: International Heart Journal
Hak Ju Kim, Sungkyu Cho, Woong-Han Kim
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is a new treatment for refractory heart failure. However, most patients with heart failure treated with CRT are adults, middle-aged or older with idiopathic or ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. We treated a 12-year-old boy, who was transferred after cardiac arrest, with dilated cardiomyopathy, left bundle-branch block, and ventricular tachycardia. We performed cardiac resynchronization therapy with a defibrillator (CRT-D). After CRT-D, left ventricular ejection fraction improved from 22% to 44% assessed by echocardiogram 1 year postoperatively...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Arnaud Devresse, Selda Aydin, Moglie Le Quintrec, Nathalie Demoulin, Patrick Stordeur, Catherine Lambert, Sara Gastoldi, Yves Pirson, Michel Jadoul, Johann Morelle
BACKGROUND: Scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) is a life-threatening complication of systemic sclerosis characterized by abrupt onset of hypertension, thrombotic microangiopathy, and kidney injury. The mechanisms of the disease remain ill-defined, but a growing body of evidence suggests that activation of the complement system may be involved. METHODS: Here, we report the case of a patient presenting with severe SRC and strong evidence of complement activation, both in serum and in the kidney, in the absence of genetic defect of the complement system...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kevin Martell, Roderick Simpson, David Skarsgard
We present the case of a 62-year-old male originally diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the right retromolar trigone, Stage cT2N2bM0. He was treated radically with a pharyngotomy and segmental mandibular resection, right selective neck nodal dissection, and then reconstruction with a free fibular flap. The pathologic stage was T4aN1. He then received adjuvant chemoradiation therapy with a radiation dose of 6,000 cGy in 30 fractions, along with cisplatin, 100 mg/m(2) every three weeks. Good local control was repeatedly documented for two years...
2016: Curēus
Veysel Kutay Vurgun, Ali Timuçin Altın, Başar Candemir, Özgür Ulaş Özcan, Ömer Akyürek
Cardiac resynchronization therapy has become a mainstay of treatment for advanced systolic heart failure refractory to medical management. However, several limitations may affect this therapy, including a non-response rate of nearly 30%, failure to implant the leads via conventional transvenous route in an optimal location, and inability to cannulate the coronary sinus branches due to difficult anatomy or presence of venous valves. Venous occlusion may also present as a potential obstacle in patients with prior implantation of cardioverter-defibrillator...
July 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Salah A M Said, Rogier Nijhuis, Anita Derks, Herman Droste
BACKGROUND Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has been demonstrated to reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with advanced, drug-refractory heart failure. Procedure-related mortality is less than 1% in larger studies. Approximately10% of CRT patients have to undergo surgical revision because of infections, dislocations, or unacceptable electrical behavior manifested as high threshold, unstable sensing, or unwanted phrenic nerve stimulation. CASE REPORT A 70-year-old man with symptomatic congestive heart failure underwent implantation of a biventricular pacemaker on the left anterior chest wall in 2003 and pulse generator exchange in August 2009...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Wen Qi Pan, Yu Hu He, Qian Su, Jie Yang, Yue Hua Fang, Feng Hua Ding, Xiao Xiang Yan, Zhu Hui Liu, Xiao Qun Wang, Ke Yang, Rui Yan Zhang, Wei Feng Shen, Feng Ru Zhang, Lin Lu
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether serum vasostatin-2 level is related to chronic heart failure (CHF) in patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI) and MACE in 3-year follow-up. The biological effect of vasostatin-2 on ischemic HF was evaluated in animal experiments. METHODS: After exclusion of the subjects not eligible, this study included 450 patients with CHF and previous MI, and 149 healthy controls. Serum vasostatin-2 level was analyzed. CHF patients were followed up for three years and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were recorded, defined as reinfarction, target-vessel revascularization, cardiovascular death and refractory HF requiring hospitalizations...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
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