keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

facial perception

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906517/the-development-of-motor-behavior
#1
REVIEW
Karen E Adolph, John M Franchak
This article reviews research on the development of motor behavior from a developmental systems perspective. We focus on infancy when basic action systems are acquired. Posture provides a stable base for locomotion, manual actions, and facial actions. Experience facilitates improvements in motor behavior and infants accumulate immense amounts of experience with all of their basic action systems. At every point in development, perception guides motor behavior by providing feedback about the results of just prior movements and information about what to do next...
December 1, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892977/societal-value-of-surgery-for-facial-reanimation
#2
Peiyi Su, Lisa E Ishii, Andrew Joseph, Jason Nellis, Jacob Dey, Kristin Bater, Patrick J Byrne, Kofi D O Boahene, Masaru Ishii
Importance: Patients with facial paralysis are perceived negatively by society in a number of domains. Society's perception of the health utility of varying degrees of facial paralysis and the value society places on reconstructive surgery for facial reanimation need to be quantified. Objective: To measure health state utility of varying degrees of facial paralysis, willingness to pay (WTP) for a repair, and the subsequent value of facial reanimation surgery as perceived by society...
November 17, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892976/validation-of-a-method-for-estimation-of-facial-age-by-plastic-surgeons
#3
Denis Souto Valente, Jefferson Braga da Silva, Aline Grimaldi Lerias, Daniele Dos Santos Rossi, Alexandre Vontobel Padoin
Importance: Within cosmetic facial plastic surgery, there is considerable difficulty in producing high-quality scientific publications because of the lack of scientific tools that serve to transform sensations, such as more beautiful or rejuvenated, into numbers capable of being used in statistical analysis. Objective: To validate an objective evaluation method that can be used to define the perception of facial age in scientific studies. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a cross-sectional, observational study of evaluation by plastic surgeons of 70 photographs of patients from a private care hospital performed from March 1, 2015, through April 30, 2016...
November 17, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891819/autism-and-emotional-face-viewing
#4
Jakob Åsberg Johnels, Daniel Hovey, Nicole Zürcher, Loyse Hippolyte, Eric Lemonnier, Christopher Gillberg, Nouchine Hadjikhani
Atypical patterns of face-scanning in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may contribute to difficulties in social interactions, but there is little agreement regarding what exactly characterizes face-viewing in ASD. In addition, little research has examined how face-viewing is modulated by the emotional expression of the stimuli, in individuals with or without ASD. We used eye-tracking to explore viewing patterns during perception of dynamic emotional facial expressions in relatively large groups of individuals with (n = 57) and without ASD (n = 58) and examined diagnostic- and age-related effects, after subgrouping children and adolescents (≤18 years), on the one hand, and adults (>18 years), on the other...
November 28, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885980/a-revision-surgery-for-cochlear-implantation-in-a-case-of-incomplete-partition-type-i
#5
Habib G Rizk, Francesca Hagood, Meredith A Holcomb, Ted A Meyer
BACKGROUND: Patients with cochlear malformations were long considered poor candidates for cochlear implantation (CI), and surgical approaches different than the standard facial recess approach were used to access the inner ear. There is no previous long-term follow-up of a patient with significantly malformed inner ear operated through an untraditional route and requiring a revision surgery. PURPOSE: This case provides a long-term follow-up from the initial surgery, a short-term follow-up from the revision surgery, and it illustrates the evolving classification of inner ear malformations as well as the potential problems associated with nonstandard approaches to the cochlea...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885068/facial-redness-increases-men-s-perceived-healthiness-and-attractiveness
#6
Christopher A Thorstenson, Adam D Pazda, Andrew J Elliot, David I Perrett
Past research has shown that peripheral and facial redness influences perceptions of attractiveness for men viewing women. The current research investigated whether a parallel effect is present when women rate men with varying facial redness. In four experiments, women judged the attractiveness of men's faces, which were presented with varying degrees of redness. We also examined perceived healthiness and other candidate variables as mediators of the red-attractiveness effect. The results show that facial redness positively influences ratings of men's attractiveness...
November 24, 2016: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875569/are-men-s-perceptions-of-sexually-dimorphic-vocal-characteristics-related-to-their-testosterone-levels
#7
Michal Kandrik, Amanda C Hahn, Joanna Wincenciak, Claire I Fisher, Katarzyna Pisanski, David R Feinberg, Lisa M DeBruine, Benedict C Jones
Feminine physical characteristics in women are positively correlated with markers of their mate quality. Previous research on men's judgments of women's facial attractiveness suggests that men show stronger preferences for feminine characteristics in women's faces when their own testosterone levels are relatively high. Such results could reflect stronger preferences for high quality mates when mating motivation is strong and/or following success in male-male competition. Given these findings, the current study investigated whether a similar effect of testosterone occurs for men's preferences for feminine characteristics in women's voices...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873738/sensitive-skin-and-the-influence-of-female-hormone-fluctuations-results-from-a-cross-sectional-digital-survey-in-the-dutch-population
#8
Denise Falcone, Renee J H Richters, Natallia E Uzunbajakava, Piet E J Van Erp, Peter C M Van De Kerkhof
Sensitive skin is a widespread condition, which is most frequently reported by women. Changing hormone levels during the menstrual cycle and menopause have been suggested among the stimuli triggering sensitive skin. To investigate the perceived influence of fluctuating hormone levels on self-assessed sensitive skin, including symptoms and stimuli linked to skin sensitivity, as well as potential changes in facial and body skin and sensitive body parts, depending on hormonal status. A digital questionnaire was distributed to a population of women aged 20-65 years old...
November 21, 2016: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873423/the-power-of-the-pen-how-to-make-physicians-more-friendly-and-patients-more-attractive
#9
Nurith Epstein, Thomas Brendel, Inga Hege, Diana L Ouellette, Ralf Schmidmaier, Jan Kiesewetter
CONTEXT: Studies have shown that patients' subjective perceptions of physicians' competence and friendliness are relevant aspects of a successful treatment, influencing patients' well-being and trust in the physician. Psychological research has repeatedly shown that unconsciously contracting muscles that are usually used to smile can intensify and even elicit positive feelings (known as facial feedback). Empirical evidence also suggests that a smiling person is favourably judged by others with respect to attractiveness and trustworthiness...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870892/body-weight-can-change-how-your-emotions-are-perceived
#10
Yujung Oh, Norah C Hass, Seung-Lark Lim
Accurately interpreting other's emotions through facial expressions has important adaptive values for social interactions. However, due to the stereotypical social perception of overweight individuals as carefree, humorous, and light-hearted, the body weight of those with whom we interact may have a systematic influence on our emotion judgment even though it has no relevance to the expressed emotion itself. In this experimental study, we examined the role of body weight in faces on the affective perception of facial expressions...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869904/-neural-basis-of-social-cognition-in-bipolar-disorder
#11
Filippo Turchi, Giovanni Amodeo, Ettore Favaretto, Stefania Righini, Eugenia Mellina, Carmelo La Mela, Andrea Fagiolini
AIM: This article review studies social and interpersonal functioning in patients with bipolar disorder (BD), and reports on the neurobiological underpinnings of the dysfunctions in emotion recognition, i.e. one of the main domains of social cognition. METHODS: A bibliographical research of controlled studies from 1967 to 2015 was completed in PubMed and PsycINFO using the keywords: "fMRI", "emotion comprehension", "emotion perception", "affect comprehension", "affect perception", "facial expression", "prosody", "theory of mind", "mentalizing", "attributional style", "social perception", "empathy" and "bipolar disorder" or "unipolar depression"...
September 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862935/subjective-and-objective-evaluation-of-frontal-smile-esthetics-in-patients-with-facial-asymmetry-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#12
H Singh, R K Maurya, P Kapoor, P Sharma, D Srivastava
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze the relationship between subjective and objective evaluations of pre-treatment posed smiles in patients with facial asymmetry and to assess the influence of dentofacial structures involved in asymmetry on the perception of smile attractiveness. SAMPLE: Thirty-five patients (25 males and 10 females) between 18 and 25 years of age with facial asymmetry were selected. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pre-treatment clinical photographs of posed smiles were subjectively evaluated by a panel of 20 orthodontists, 20 oral surgeons, and 20 laypersons...
November 14, 2016: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859893/psychosocial-effects-of-a-skin-camouflage-program-in-female-survivors-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Shu-Ching Chen, Bing-Shen Huang, Chien-Yu Lin, Kang-Hsing Fan, Joseph Tung-Chien Chang, Shu-Chen Wu, Yeur-Hur Lai
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a skin camouflage program on disfigurement, self-esteem, social interaction, and body image in female head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors. METHODS: A prospective, repeated-measures, randomized controlled therapeutic intervention design was used. A total of 66 participants were randomly assigned to each group, with 32 in the experimental group and 34 in the control group. The experimental group received a 4-session skin camouflage program, and the control group received routine care...
November 15, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852026/-visual-processing-in-the-ventral-pathway-shape-face-color-material-properties-and-stereoscopic-depth
#14
Mikio Inagaki, Ichiro Fujita
The ventral visual pathway projecting from the primary visual cortex to the visual temporal association cortex processes shape, color, and material properties of objects as well as face and facial expression, and stereoscopic depth. The last decade has witnessed great advances in our understanding of how information is transformed at each transition between the stages along this pathway. Accumulating evidence also indicates that neurons in the later part of the pathway (e.g., area V4 and inferior temporal cortex) are causally involved in generating perception of shape, color, face, and fine stereoscopic depth...
November 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852003/the-neuropsychology-of-first-impressions-evidence-from-huntington-s-disease
#15
Reiner Sprengelmeyer, Andrew W Young, Eva-Maria Baldas, Iris Ratheiser, Clare A M Sutherland, Hans-Peter Müller, Georg Grön, Sigurd D Süssmuth, G Bernhard Landwehrmeyer, Michael Orth
Impairments of emotion recognition have been widely documented in Huntington's disease (HD), but little is known concerning how these relate to other aspects of social cognition, including first impressions of traits such as trustworthiness and dominance. Here, we introduce a novel and sensitive method to investigate the ability to evaluate trustworthiness and dominance from facial appearance, with control tasks measuring ability to perceive differences between comparable stimuli. We used this new method together with standard tests of face perception to investigate social cognition in HD...
October 21, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847550/a-split-face-evaluation-to-assess-the-efficacy-of-a-hydrolyzed-roe-cream-in-the-reduction-of-erythema-following-chemical-peel
#16
Vic A Narurkar
Objective:To evaluate a hydrolyzed roe cream in the reduction of facial erythema following a chemical peel treatment. Edema was also assessed. Design:The facial cream was applied to one side of the face of 30 healthy female subjects (average age = 54.9 years, range 33-65 years) immediately following 4 to 15 minutes peel treatment. The opposite side remained untreated. Visia-CR digital photographs were taken at baseline and 8 and 24 hours post facial peel. Objective dermal irritation assessments were done by a blinded investigator, graded on severity of facial erythema and edema on a 5-point scoring scale; 0=none, 1 =slight,2=mild, 3=moderate, 4=severe...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847284/skin-colour-changes-during-experimentally-induced-sickness
#17
Audrey J Henderson, Julie Lasselin, Mats Lekander, Mats J Olsson, Simon J Powis, John Axelsson, David I Perrett
Skin colour may be an important cue to detect sickness in humans but how skin colour changes with acute sickness is currently unknown. To determine possible colour changes, 22 healthy Caucasian participants were injected twice, once with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, at a dose of 2 ng/kg body weight) and once with placebo (saline), in a randomised cross-over design study. Skin colour across 3 arm and 3 face locations was recorded spectrophotometrically over a period of 8 hours in terms of lightness (L∗), redness (a∗) and yellowness (b∗) in a manner that is consistent with human colour perception...
November 12, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836460/perceiving-emotional-expressions-in-others-activation-likelihood-estimation-meta-analyses-of-explicit-evaluation-passive-perception-and-incidental-perception-of-emotions
#18
REVIEW
Mihai Dricu, Sascha Frühholz
We conducted a series of activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analyses to determine the commonalities and distinctions between separate levels of emotion perception, namely incidental perception, passive perception, and explicit evaluation of emotional expressions. Pooling together more than 180 neuroimaging experiments using facial, vocal or body expressions, our results are threefold. First, explicitly evaluating the emotions of others recruits brain regions associated with the sensory processing of expressions, such as the inferior occipital gyrus, middle fusiform gyrus and the superior temporal gyrus, and brain regions involved in low-level and high-level mindreading, namely the posterior superior temporal sulcus, the inferior frontal cortex and dorsomedial frontal cortex...
November 9, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836135/microplastics-in-personal-care-products-exploring-perceptions-of-environmentalists-beauticians-and-students
#19
A G Anderson, J Grose, S Pahl, R C Thompson, K J Wyles
Microplastics enter the environment as a result of larger plastic items breaking down ('secondary') and from particles originally manufactured at that size ('primary'). Personal care products are an important contributor of secondary microplastics (typically referred to as 'microbeads'), for example in toothpaste, facial scrubs and soaps. Consumers play an important role in influencing the demand for these products and therefore any associated environmental consequences. Hence we need to understand public perceptions in order to help reduce emissions of microplastics...
November 8, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835749/updating-schematic-emotional-facial-expressions-in-working-memory-response-bias-and-sensitivity
#20
Gerly Tamm, Kairi Kreegipuu, Jaanus Harro, Nelson Cowan
It is unclear if positive, negative, or neutral emotional expressions have an advantage in short-term recognition. Moreover, it is unclear from previous studies of working memory for emotional faces whether effects of emotions comprise response bias or sensitivity. The aim of this study was to compare how schematic emotional expressions (sad, angry, scheming, happy, and neutral) are discriminated and recognized in an updating task (2-back recognition) in a representative sample of birth cohort of young adults...
November 8, 2016: Acta Psychologica
keyword
keyword
78853
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"