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facial perception

Guncel Ozturk, Bilge Kagan Aysal
Rhinoplasty is a common procedure in cosmetic surgery all over the world. Patients desire enhancement of their facial beauty by the correction of preexisting nasal deformities. Precisely performed operations lead to better results, and enhancing technical accuracy accordingly results in more successful outcomes. Endoscopy helps us visualize the closed parts of the body with the aid of an illuminated optical device. The objective behind the present case series was to bring the advantages of open and closed rhinoplasty together by using endoscopic vision systems...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Ayahito Ito, Katsuko Niwano, Motoko Tanabe, Yosuke Sato, Toshikatsu Fujii
In many developed countries, the number of infants who experience non-parent childcare is increasing, and the role of preschool teachers is becoming more important. However, little attention has been paid to the effects of childcare training on students who are studying to become preschool teachers. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate whether and how childcare training affects brain responses to infants' facial expressions among young females studying to become preschool teachers...
September 12, 2017: Neuroscience Research
Eric Hehman, Jessica K Flake, Jonathan B Freeman
Perceivers form strong inferences of disposition from others' facial appearance, and these inferences guide a wide variety of important behaviors. The current research examines the possibility that similar-looking individuals are more likely to form groups with one another. We do so by testing a necessary downstream consequence of this process, examining whether the faces of individuals within groups more physically resemble one another than those in other groups. Across six studies, we demonstrate that individuals' group membership can be accurately classified both from ratings of members' faces, and from direct measurement of members' faces...
August 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Fanghui Qiu, Mingxiu Han, Yu Zhai, Shiwei Jia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: According to the well-established categorical perception (CP) of facial expressions, we decode complicated expression signals into simplified categories to facilitate expression processing. Expression processing deficits have been widely described in social anxiety (SA), but it remains to be investigated whether CP of expressions are affected by SA. The present study examined whether individuals with SA had an interpretation bias when processing ambiguous expressions and whether the sensitivity of their CP was affected by their SA...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Daniel E Re, Nicholas Rule
Facial appearance correlates with leadership, both in terms of who is chosen (leader selection) and how they do (leader success). Leadership theories suggest that exceptional individuals acquire positions as leaders. Exceptional traits can differ between domains, however, and so the qualities valued in leaders in one occupation may not match those valued among leaders in another. To test this, we compared the relationship between facial appearance and leadership across two domains: law firms and mafia families...
September 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Tegan Penton, Laura Dixon, Lauren Jayne Evans, Michael J Banissy
Facial emotion perception plays a key role in interpersonal communication and is a precursor for a variety of socio-cognitive abilities. One brain region thought to support emotion perception is the inferior frontal cortex (IFC). The current study aimed to examine whether modulating neural activity in the IFC using high frequency transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) could enhance emotion perception abilities. In Experiment 1, participants received either tRNS to IFC or sham stimulation prior to completing facial emotion and identity perception tasks...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
Manuela M Marin, Raphaela Schober, Bruno Gingras, Helmut Leder
Several theories about the origins of music have emphasized its biological and social functions, including in courtship. Music may act as a courtship display due to its capacity to vary in complexity and emotional content. Support for music's reproductive function comes from the recent finding that only women in the fertile phase of the reproductive cycle prefer composers of complex melodies to composers of simple ones as short-term sexual partners, which is also in line with the ovulatory shift hypothesis...
2017: PloS One
Katharina Dobs, Wei Ji Ma, Leila Reddy
Human perception consists of the continuous integration of sensory cues pertaining to the same object. While it has been fairly well shown that humans use an optimal strategy when integrating low-level cues proportional to their relative reliability, the integration processes underlying high-level perception are much less understood. Here we investigate cue integration in a complex high-level perceptual system, the human face processing system. We tested cue integration of facial form and motion in an identity categorization task and found that an optimal model could successfully predict subjects' identity choices...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
Emmanuèle Ambert-Dahan, Anne-Lise Giraud, Halima Mecheri, Olivier Sterkers, Isabelle Mosnier, Séverine Samson
Visual processing has been extensively explored in deaf subjects in the context of verbal communication, through the assessment of speech reading and sign language abilities. However, little is known about visual emotional processing in adult progressive deafness, and after cochlear implantation. The goal of our study was thus to assess the influence of acquired post-lingual progressive deafness on the recognition of dynamic facial emotions that were selected to express canonical fear, happiness, sadness, and anger...
August 31, 2017: Hearing Research
Shilpa S Samant, Matthew J Chapko, Han-Seok Seo
Traditional methods of sensory testing focus on capturing information about multisensory perceptions, but do not necessarily measure emotions elicited by these food and beverages. The objective of this study was to develop an optimum model of predicting overall liking (rating) and preference (choice) based on taste intensity and evoked emotions. One hundred and two participants (51 females) were asked to taste water, sucrose, citric acid, salt, and caffeine solutions. Their emotional responses toward each sample were measured by a combination of a self-reported emotion questionnaire (EsSense25), facial expressions, and autonomic nervous system (ANS) responses...
October 2017: Food Research International
Renato Yassutaka Faria Yaedú, Marina de Almeida Barbosa Mello, Rosana Adami Tucunduva, Juliana Specian Zabotini da Silveira, Marina Prado Monson Santana Takahashi, Ana Carolina Bonetti Valente
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) on facial edema and pain in patients who underwent orthognathic surgery from patient and professional perspectives and clinical measures. METHODS: It is a randomized double-blind clinical trial, where 30 patients who underwent bimaxillary orthognathic surgery were divided into 2 groups (treatment and placebo). One group (treatment) received MLD from 2nd postoperative day, besides cryotherapy and postoperative medications...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Yoshiyuki Ueda, Sakiko Yoshikawa
The ability to perceive a person's dominance plays an important role in survival and pro-social behavior. Perceived dominance has been investigated via assessments of facial expressions in 1-on-1 interaction situations, with expressions of anger and disgust judged to be more dominant. Given that human social interactions are complex, and multiple individuals interact at the same time, we investigated perceptions of trait dominance (an individual's competence and tendency to engage in dominant behavior) and relative dominance (an individual's social dominance within a social group)...
September 4, 2017: Emotion
Priscilla Bispo de Carvalho Barbosa, Pâmela Letícia Santos, João Paulo De Carli, Paulo Henrique Luiz de Freitas, Matheus Melo Pithon, Luiz Renato Paranhos
This study compared the perception of facial pleasantness and the need for intervention, as assessed by orthodontists, oral and maxillofacial (OMF) surgeons, and laypersons, in people of different ethnicities showing varying degrees of simulated laterognathism. Facial photographs were modified to simulate deviations in the lower face of women of African, Asian and Caucasian descent, ascending in two-degree steps from zero to eight degrees of deviation. Three groups of 20 individuals each (OMF surgeons, orthodontists, and laypersons) assessed the images and rated facial pleasantness on a numerical scale ranging from 0 to 10...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Marion Timmermann, Haang Jeung, Ruth Schmitt, Sabrina Boll, Christine M Freitag, Katja Bertsch, Sabine C Herpertz
Deficient facial emotion recognition has been suggested to underlie aggression in individuals with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). As the neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) has been shown to improve facial emotion recognition, it might also exert beneficial effects in individuals providing so much harm to the society. In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled crossover trial, 22 individuals with ASPD and 29 healthy control (HC) subjects (matched for age, sex, intelligence, and education) were intranasally administered either OT (24 IU) or a placebo 45min before participating in an emotion classification paradigm with fearful, angry, and happy faces...
August 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Kristin L Bater, Masaru Ishii, Jason C Nellis, Andrew Joseph, Ira D Papel, Theda C Kontis, Patrick J Byrne, Kofi D O Boahene, Lisa E Ishii
Importance: Blepharoplasty consistently ranks among the most common facial plastic surgery procedure sought by both men and women. Despite the popularity of blepharoplasty, there has been little research focused on quantifying how eyelid surgery changes facial perceptions. Objectives: To quantify the effect of blepharoplasty on facial perceptions and measure patient-reported ratings of fatigue before and after surgery to compare observer and patient perceptions...
August 31, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Chengwei Liu, Ying Liu, Zahida Iqbal, Wenhui Li, Bo Lv, Zhongqing Jiang
To investigate the interaction between facial expressions and facial gender information during face perception, the present study matched the intensities of the two types of information in face images and then adopted the orthogonal condition of the Garner Paradigm to present the images to participants who were required to judge the gender and expression of the faces; the gender and expression presentations were varied orthogonally. Gender and expression processing displayed a mutual interaction. On the one hand, the judgment of angry expressions occurred faster when presented with male facial images; on the other hand, the classification of the female gender occurred faster when presented with a happy facial expression than when presented with an angry facial expression...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Thomas Hans Fritz, Berit Brummerloh, Maria Urquijo, Katharina Wegner, Enrico Reimer, Sven Gutekunst, Lydia Schneider, Jonathan Smallwood, Arno Villringer
Emotion elicited through music transfers to subsequent processing of facial expressions. Music may accordingly function as a social technology by promoting social bonding. Here, we investigated whether music would cross-modally influence the perception of sensual touch, a behavior related to mating. A robot applied precisely controlled gentle touch to a group of healthy participants while they listened to music that varied with respect to its perceived sexiness. As the perceived sexiness of the music increased, so did the subjective sexiness of the touch stimulations...
September 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
Filippo Turchi, Alessandro Cuomo, Giovanni Amodeo, Ettore Favaretto, Stefania Righini, Eugenia Mellina, Carmelo La Mela, Andrea Fagiolini
INTRODUCTION: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with a significant impairment of social and interpersonal functioning. Several neuroimaging studies have evaluated social cognition, i.e. how people with MDD process, store and analyze information about other people and social situations. METHODS: We conducted a focused review and selected manuscript published until August 2016 indexed on PubMed and PsycINFO, searching for the following keywords: "major depressive disorder", "major depression", "unipolar depression", "clinical depression", "fMRI", "emotion comprehension", "emotion perception", "affect comprehension", "affect perception", "facial expression", "prosody", "theory of mind", "mentalizing", "empathy"...
July 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
Dalia Antinienė, Rosita Lekavičienė
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to unveil the ways in which the emotional intelligence (EI) of a young person is linked with subjective assessment of physical state, depressiveness, anxiety, and psychological well-being, as well as to determine whether these factors are reliable predictors of EI constituents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted using an original EI test (EI-DARL-V1/V2), which consisted of a traditional 73-item questionnaire; tasks of emotional, social and interpersonal situations; and identification of emotions in facial expressions (pictures)...
August 5, 2017: Medicina
Elizabeth J Teh, Melvin J Yap, Susan J Rickard Liow
Picture databases are commonly used in experimental work on various aspects of emotion processing. However, existing standardized facial databases, typically used to explore emotion recognition, can be augmented with more contextual information for studying emotion and social perception. Moreover, the perception of social engagement, i.e., the degree of interaction or engagement inferred between the people in target pictures, has not been measured. In this paper, we describe the development of a database comprising 203 black-and-white line drawings depicting people within various situational contexts, and normed on perceived emotional valence, intensity, and social engagement, a new construct...
August 25, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
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