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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785134/the-impact-of-acne-and-facial-post-inflammatory-hyperpigmentation-on-quality-of-life-and-self-esteem-of-newly-admitted-nigerian-undergraduates
#1
Adeolu Oladayo Akinboro, Ogochukwu Ifeanyi Ezejiofor, Fatai Olatunde Olanrewaju, Mufutau Muphy Oripelaye, Olatunde Peter Olabode, Olugbenga Edward Ayodele, Emmanuel Olaniyi Onayemi
Background: Acne and facial post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are relatively common clinical conditions among adolescents and young adults, and inflict psychosocial injuries on sufferers. Objective: To document the psychosocial and self-esteem implications of acne and facial hyperpigmentation on newly admitted undergraduates. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 200 undergraduates. Demographics and clinical characteristics were obtained and acne was graded using the US Food and Drug Administration 5-category global system of acne classification...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775466/perception-of-aesthetics-and-personality-traits-in-orthognathic-surgery-patients-a-comparison-of-still-and-moving-images
#2
Klaus Sinko, Ulrich S Tran, Arno Wutzl, Rudolf Seemann, Gabriele Millesi, Reinhold Jagsch
It is common in practicing orthognathic surgery to evaluate faces with retruded or protruded chins (dysgnathic faces) using photographs. Because motion may alter how the face is perceived, we investigated the perception of faces presented via photographs and videos. Two hundred naïve raters (lay persons, without maxillo facial surgery background) evaluated 12 subjects with varying chin anatomy [so-called skeletal Class I (normal chin), Class II (retruded chin), and Class III (protruded chin)]. Starting from eight traits, with Factor analysis we found a two-Factor solution, i...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772598/hair-color-and-skin-color-together-influence-perceptions-of-age-health-and-attractiveness-in-lightly-pigmented-young-women
#3
Bernhard Fink, Katharina Liebner, Ann-Kathrin Müller, Thomas Hirn, Graham McKelvey, John Lankhof
OBJECTIVE: Research documents that even subtle changes in visible skin condition affect perceptions of age, health, and attractiveness. There is evidence that hair quality also affects the assessment of physical appearance, as variations in hair diameter, hair density, and hair style have systematic effects on perception. Here, we consider combined effects of hair color and skin color on the perception of female physical appearance. METHODS: In two experiments, we digitally manipulated facial skin color of lightly-pigmented, young women, both between-subjects (Experiment 1) and within-subjects (Experiment 2), and investigated possible interactions with hair color in regard to age, health, and attractiveness perception...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771846/educational-exposure-to-transgender-patient-care-in-otolaryngology-training
#4
Benjamin B Massenburg, Shane D Morrison, Vania Rashidi, Craig Miller, David W Grant, Christopher S Crowe, Nathalia Velasquez, Justin R Shinn, Jacob E Kuperstock, Deepa J Galaiya, Scott R Chaiet, Amit D Bhrany
OBJECTIVE: Gender dysphoria is estimated to occur in over 1 million people in the United States. With decreasing stigma regarding the transgender population, it is likely more patients will seek medical and surgical gender transition as parts of their treatment. However, otolaryngologists may lack training in gender-confirming surgery. This study aims to determine the current state of transgender-related education in the United States otolaryngology training programs and to evaluate trainee perceptions regarding the importance of such training...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771842/perceived-esthetic-outcomes-of-face-transplantation-a-survey-of-the-general-public
#5
Alessandra E Cabrera, Laura L Kimberly, Rami S Kantar, Elisa K Atamian, Amit K Manjunath, Lauren K Rangel, Michelle W McQuinn, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Eduardo D Rodriguez
Facial transplantation (FT) has attracted the interest of individuals with facial disfigurement as a path to social reintegration. The perception among face transplant recipients and the reconstructive surgery community appears to be that superior functional and esthetic outcomes can be obtained with FT compared to autologous reconstruction (AR). Although lifelong immunosuppression adds well-known risks to FT, its benefits have proven difficult to quantify, especially because of its non-life-saving nature. Evidence that the general public perceives facial allograft recipients as less disfigured than AR patients may dramatically alter the currently accepted risk/benefit ratio of this novel procedure...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771545/hemispheric-asymmetries-in-categorical-facial-expression-perception
#6
D Michael Burt, Markus Hausmann
Although many sensory phenomena vary continuously, humans tend to divide them into discrete categories with facial expressions being divided into categories such as happy, sad, anger, and fear. A critical effect of category use is categorical perception: same sized physical differences are better perceived if the difference occurs between two categories rather than within the same category. Here we investigate the lateralization of categorical perception of facial expressions. Categorical perception of facial expressions may be lateralized to the right hemisphere due to the intimacy of basic, possibly universal and innate, prototypical facial expression categories and face processing which is predominantly lateralized to the right hemisphere...
May 17, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770733/the-relationship-between-mirror-touch-synaesthesia-and-empathy-new-evidence-and-a-new-screening-tool
#7
Jamie Ward, Patricia Schnakenberg, Michael J Banissy
People with mirror-touch synaesthesia (MTS) report tactile sensations on their own body when seeing another person being touched. Although this has been associated with heightened empathy and emotion perception, this finding has been disputed. Here, we conduct two experiments to explore this relationship further. In Experiment 1, we develop a new screening measure for MTS. We show that MTS is related to vicarious experiences more generally, but is not a simple exaggerated version of normality. For example, people with MTS report videos of scratching as "touch" rather than "itchiness" and have localized sensations when watching others in pain...
May 17, 2018: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770184/human-body-odour-composites-are-not-perceived-more-positively-than-the-individual-samples
#8
Jitka Fialová, Agnieszka Sorokowska, S Craig Roberts, Lydie Kubicová, Jan Havlíček
It is well established that composite facial images are perceived as more attractive compared with individual images, suggesting a preference for heterozygosity. Similarly, there is evidence that preferences for body odours might be linked to heterozygosity. Here, we tested whether blending individual body odours into composites would follow a similar pattern as observed in the perception of faces. We collected axillary odour samples from 38 individuals, which were subsequently assessed individually and as composites of two ( N  = 19) or four ( N  = 9) body odours regarding their pleasantness, attractiveness and intensity...
May 2018: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765346/auditory-emotion-word-primes-influence-emotional-face-categorization-in-children-and-adults-but-not-vice-versa
#9
Michael Vesker, Daniela Bahn, Christina Kauschke, Monika Tschense, Franziska Degé, Gudrun Schwarzer
In order to assess how the perception of audible speech and facial expressions influence one another for the perception of emotions, and how this influence might change over the course of development, we conducted two cross-modal priming experiments with three age groups of children (6-, 9-, and 12-years old), as well as college-aged adults. In Experiment 1, 74 children and 24 adult participants were tasked with categorizing photographs of emotional faces as positive or negative as quickly as possible after being primed with emotion words presented via audio in valence-congruent and valence-incongruent trials...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756792/reading-the-lines-in-the-face-the-contribution-of-angularity-and-roundness-to-perceptions-of-facial-anger-and-joy
#10
Robert G Franklin, Reginald B Adams, Troy G Steiner, Leslie A Zebrowitz
Through 3 studies, we investigated whether angularity and roundness present in faces contributes to the perception of anger and joyful expressions, respectively. First, in Study 1 we found that angry expressions naturally contain more inward-pointing lines, whereas joyful expressions contain more outward-pointing lines. Then, using image-processing techniques in Studies 2 and 3, we filtered images to contain only inward-pointing or outward-pointing lines as a way to approximate angularity and roundness. We found that filtering images to be more angular increased how threatening and angry a neutral face was rated, increased how intense angry expressions were rated, and enhanced the recognition of anger...
May 14, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756617/is-it-possible-to-define-the-ideal-lips
#11
M Kar, N B Muluk, S A Bafaqeeh, C Cingi
The lips are an essential component of the symmetry and aesthetics of the face. Cosmetic surgery to modify the lips has recently gained in popularity, but the results are in some cases disasterous. In this review, we describe the features of the ideal lips for an individual's face. The features of the ideal lips with respect to facial anatomy, important anatomical landmarks of the face, the facial proportions of the lips and ethnic and sexual differences are described. The projection and relative sizes of the upper and lower lips are as significant to lip aesthetics as the proportion of the lips to the rest of the facial structure...
February 2018: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756314/exploring-attentional-biases-towards-facial-expressions-of-pain-in-men-and-women
#12
E Keogh, F Cheng, S Wang
BACKGROUND: Interpersonal factors may help explain why men and women differ in their perception and expression of pain. Whilst the focus is often on the person in pain, how observers respond to those in pain is important. This study explored whether male-female differences exist in the way observers attend to expressions of pain in others. METHODS: 53 adults (26 females) completed a visual dot-probe task, to measure selective attentional biases to facial expressions of pain and fear...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740753/facial-expression-enhances-emotion-perception-compared-to-vocal-prosody-behavioral-and-fmri-studies
#13
Heming Zhang, Xuhai Chen, Shengdong Chen, Yansong Li, Changming Chen, Quanshan Long, Jiajin Yuan
Facial and vocal expressions are essential modalities mediating the perception of emotion and social communication. Nonetheless, currently little is known about how emotion perception and its neural substrates differ across facial expression and vocal prosody. To clarify this issue, functional MRI scans were acquired in Study 1, in which participants were asked to discriminate the valence of emotional expression (angry, happy or neutral) from facial, vocal, or bimodal stimuli. In Study 2, we used an affective priming task (unimodal materials as primers and bimodal materials as target) and participants were asked to rate the intensity, valence, and arousal of the targets...
May 9, 2018: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736808/serial-dependence-promotes-the-stability-of-perceived-emotional-expression-depending-on-face-similarity
#14
Alina Liberman, Mauro Manassi, David Whitney
Individuals can quickly and effortlessly recognize facial expressions, which is critical for social perception and emotion regulation. This sensitivity to even slight facial changes could result in unstable percepts of an individual's expression over time. The visual system must therefore balance accuracy with maintaining perceptual stability. However, previous research has focused on our sensitivity to changing expressions, and the mechanism behind expression stability remains an open question. Recent results demonstrate that perception of facial identity is systematically biased toward recently seen visual input...
May 7, 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735015/the-causal-role-of-the-somatosensory-cortex-in-prosocial-behaviour
#15
Selene Gallo, Riccardo Paracampo, Laura Müller-Pinzler, Mario Carlo Severo, Laila Blömer, Carolina Fernandes-Henriques, Anna Henschel, Balint Kalista Lammes, Tatjana Maskaljunas, Judith Suttrup, Alessio Avenanti, Christian Keysers, Valeria Gazzola
Witnessing another person's suffering elicits vicarious brain activity in areas active when we ourselves are in pain. Whether this activity influences prosocial behavior remains debated. Here participants witnessed a confederate express pain via a reaction of the swatted hand or via a facial expression and could decide to reduce that pain by donating money. Participants donate more money on trials in which the confederate expressed more pain. EEG shows that activity of the SI hand region explains variance in donation; TMS shows that altering this activity interferes with the pain-donation coupling only when pain is expressed by the hand and HD-tDCS that altering SI activity also interferes with pain perception...
May 8, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734511/factors-associated-with-quality-of-life-in-facial-melasma-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Camila F Pollo, Luciane Db Miot, Silmara Meneguin, Hélio A Miot
BACKGROUND: Melasma is a common chronic focal hypermelanosis that affects photexposed areas as face, mainly in women at fertile age. It inflicts a significant impact in quality of life, nevertheless, quality of life scores (e.g. MELASQoL) are not strongly correlated with clinical severity (e.g. MASI) in facial melasma, suggesting that different factors can influence the perception of disease beyond the clinical extension or the intensity of pigmentation. OBJECTIVES: To explore clinical and sociodemographic aspects that influences MELASQoL scores...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729185/eyebrows-cue-grandiose-narcissism
#17
Miranda Giacomin, Nicholas O Rule
OBJECTIVE: Though initially charming and inviting, narcissists often engage in negative interpersonal behaviors. Identifying and avoiding narcissists therefore carries adaptive value. Whereas past research has found that people can judge others' grandiose narcissism from their appearance (including their faces), the cues supporting these judgments require further elucidation. Here, we investigated which facial features underlie perceptions of grandiose narcissism and how they convey that information...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720691/the-behavioral-and-neural-binding-phenomena-during-visuomotor-integration-of-angry-facial-expressions
#18
Sélim Yahia Coll, Leonardo Ceravolo, Sascha Frühholz, Didier Grandjean
Different parts of our brain code the perceptual features and actions related to an object, causing a binding problem, in which the brain has to integrate information related to an event without any interference regarding the features and actions involved in other concurrently processed events. Using a paradigm similar to Hommel, who revealed perception-action bindings, we showed that emotion could bind with motor actions when relevant, and in specific conditions, irrelevant for the task. By adapting our protocol to a functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging paradigm we investigated, in the present study, the neural bases of the emotion-action binding with task-relevant angry faces...
May 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720198/translation-and-validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-child-perceptions-questionnaire-for-children-aged-from-8-to-10-years-old-cpq-8-10
#19
Marie-Laure Boy-Lefèvre, Noéline Razanamihaja, Sylvie Azogui-Lévy, Andréa Vigneron, Laurence Jordan, Ariane Berdal, Muriel de la Dure-Molla
BACKGROUND: The Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ) belongs to a set of questionnaires measuring Child Oral Health Quality of Life (COHQOL). The CPQ is used to collect the perceptions of children on the impact of oral diseases on their quality of life. This cross-sectional study was aimed to translate the CPQ8-10 into French language and evaluate its psychometric properties. METHODS: The translation process complied with international recommendations. The final French version was tested on children aged 8-10 years old attending consultations in a Parisian public hospital and divided into three groups: children with oral-facial clefts, children with dental anomalies linked to a rare disease other than clefts and children presumed to be healthy and without anomalies...
May 3, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719496/effects-of-oxytocin-on-facial-expression-and-identity-working-memory-are-found-in-females-but-not-males
#20
Tong Yue, Caizhen Yue, Guangyuan Liu, Xiting Huang
Although oxytocin (OXT) has been shown to increase the ability of face perception and processing, no study has explored whether it could improve the performance of working memory for emotional expression information in males and females. Thus, we performed a double-blind, mixed-design, placebo-controlled study to investigate the effects of OXT on temporary maintenance/manipulation of facial information through a facial expression (EMO) vs. identity (ID) working memory task, both for males ( N = 45) and females ( N = 46)...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
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