keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

facial perception

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343162/psychopathy-and-victim-selection-does-nonverbal-decoding-or-empathy-impact-vulnerability-ratings
#1
Julia L Denardo Roney, Diana M Falkenbach, Olivia Aveson
This research examined the role of psychopathic traits in perceptions of victimization and vulnerability. Community-member participants viewed video clips of victims, nonvictims, and victims who studied self-defense, then rated them on vulnerability and perceived history of victimization. Participants were most proficient at identifying nonvictims as nonvictims. Victims who studied self-defense were harder to correctly identify than both victims and nonvictims and were rated by participants as less vulnerable and less likely to be victims than other victims and nonvictims...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333668/a-photonumeric-scale-for-the-assessment-of-atrophic-facial-photodamage
#2
J Ayer, A Ahmed, E Duncan-Parry, P Beck, T W Griffiths, R E B Watson, C E M Griffiths
BACKGROUND: Photonumeric scales have consistently shown superiority over descriptive equivalents. They have the advantage of providing a consistent visual frame of reference by minimising variability in perception and subjectivity. A photonumeric scale to assess hypertrophic facial photodamage already exists. However, there is currently no objective measure for atrophic facial photodamage. To address this, we have devised a nine-point photonumeric standardised scale. OBJECTIVES: To design, test and validate a photonumeric scale for the assessment of atrophic facial photodamage against a descriptive scale for the same indication...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329375/heterogeneous-redistribution-of-facial-subcategory-information-within-and-outside-the-face-selective-domain-in-primate-inferior-temporal-cortex
#3
Naohisa Miyakawa, Kei Majima, Hirohito Sawahata, Keisuke Kawasaki, Takeshi Matsuo, Naoki Kotake, Takafumi Suzuki, Yukiyasu Kamitani, Isao Hasegawa
The inferior temporal cortex (ITC) contains neurons selective to multiple levels of visual categories. However, the mechanisms by which these neurons collectively construct hierarchical category percepts remain unclear. By comparing decoding accuracy with simultaneously acquired electrocorticogram (ECoG), local field potentials (LFPs), and multi-unit activity in the macaque ITC, we show that low-frequency LFPs/ECoG in the early evoked visual response phase contain sufficient coarse category (e.g., face) information, which is homogeneous and enhanced by spatial summation of up to several millimeters...
January 10, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324073/rapid-improvement-on-a-temporal-attention-task-within-a-single-session-of-high-frequency-transcranial-random-noise-stimulation
#4
Sarah C Tyler, Federica Contò, Lorella Battelli
This study explored the modulatory effects of high-frequency transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) on visual sensitivity during a temporal attention task. We measured sensitivity to different onset asynchronies during a temporal order judgment task as a function of active stimulation relative to sham. While completing the task, participants were stimulated bilaterally for 20 min over either the TPJ or the human middle temporal area. We hypothesized that tRNS over the TPJ, which is critical to the temporal attention network, would selectively increase cortical excitability and induce cognitive training-like effects on performance, perhaps more so in the left visual field [Matthews, N...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322580/a-study-of-environmental-factors-affecting-nurses-comfort-and-protection-in-wearing-n95-respirators-during-bedside-procedures
#5
P P L Or, J W Y Chung, T K S Wong
AIM: To investigate room temperature and relative humidity affecting nurses' comfort and protection in wearing N95 respirators during clinical bedside procedures. BACKGROUND: N95 respirators are most commonly used to protect healthcare workers against airborne diseases. The elastic head straps required for tight fit may cause headache, facial pain and/or ear lobe discomfort. Although some past fit test results showed that these respirators are likely to fit comfortably, in reality any discomfort from use may influence negatively their appeal and acceptability and thus lower their effectiveness to protect the wearers...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321533/increased-heart-rate-after-exercise-facilitates-the-processing-of-fearful-but-not-disgusted-faces
#6
G Pezzulo, P Iodice, L Barca, P Chausse, S Monceau, M Mermillod
Embodied theories of emotion assume that emotional processing is grounded in bodily and affective processes. Accordingly, the perception of an emotion re-enacts congruent sensory and affective states; and conversely, bodily states congruent with a specific emotion facilitate emotional processing. This study tests whether the ability to process facial expressions (faces having a neutral expression, expressing fear, or disgust) can be influenced by making the participants' body state congruent with the expressed emotion (e...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320584/the-male-aesthetic-patient-facial-anatomy-concepts-of-attractiveness-and-treatment-patterns
#7
Terrence C Keaney, Robert Anolik, André Braz, Michael Eidelman, Joseph A Eviatar, Jeremy B Green, Derek H Jones, Vic A Narurkar, Anthony M Rossi, Conor J Gallagher
<p>BACKGROUND: The number of nonsurgical aesthetic procedures performed in men is growing rapidly. However, there are limited data on treatment principles and goals for the male aesthetic patient.</p> <p>OBJECTIVE: To review the objective data available on male aging and aesthetics and to synthesize with expert opinion on treatment considerations specific to male patients.</p> <p>METHODS: Expert advisors met to discuss anatomical differences in male versus female facial anatomy related to aging, facial treatment preferences in aesthetically oriented men, and current dosing data for facial injectable treatments in male versus female patients...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316648/effects-of-early-neglect-experience-on-recognition-and-processing-of-facial-expressions-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Victoria Doretto, Sandra Scivoletto
Background: Child neglect is highly prevalent and associated with a series of biological and social consequences. Early neglect may alter the recognition of emotional faces, but its precise impact remains unclear. We aim to review and analyze data from recent literature about recognition and processing of facial expressions in individuals with history of childhood neglect. Methods: We conducted a systematic review using PubMed, PsycINFO, ScIELO and EMBASE databases in the search of studies for the past 10 years...
January 6, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306709/a-face-identity-hallucination-palinopsia-generated-by-intracerebral-stimulation-of-the-face-selective-right-lateral-fusiform-cortex
#9
Jacques Jonas, Hélène Brissart, Gabriela Hossu, Sophie Colnat-Coulbois, Jean-Pierre Vignal, Bruno Rossion, Louis Maillard
We report the case of a patient (MB, young female human subject) who systematically experienced confusion between perceived facial identities specifically when electrically stimulated inside the lateral section of the right fusiform gyrus. In the presence of a face stimulus (an experimenter or a photograph), intracerebral electrical stimulation in this region generated a perceptual hallucination of an individual facial part integrated within the whole perceived face, i.e., facial palinopsia. In the presence of a distracting stimulus (visual scene or object picture), the patient also experienced an individual face percept superimposed on the non-face stimulus...
December 9, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303849/factors-influencing-perception-of-facial-attractiveness-gender-and-dental-education
#10
Ga-Hee Jung, Seunggon Jung, Hong-Ju Park, Hee-Kyun Oh, Min-Suk Kook
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to investigate the gender- and dental education-specific differences in perception of facial attractiveness for varying ratio of lower face contour. METHODS: Two hundred eleven students (110 male respondents and 110 female respondents; aged between 20-38 years old) were requested to rate facial figures with alterations to the bigonial width and the vertical length of the lower face. We produced a standard figure which is based on the "golden ratio" and 4 additional series of figures with either horizontal or vertical alterations to the contour of lower face...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300973/social-cognitive-skills-training-for-psychosis-with-community-based-training-exercises-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
William P Horan, Michelle Dolinsky, Junghee Lee, Robert S Kern, Gerhard Hellemann, Catherine A Sugar, Shirley M Glynn, Michael F Green
Impairments in social cognition are key determinants of poor functioning in psychosis and an important new target for treatment development. Initial studies support the feasibility and efficacy of training interventions for social cognition, but have been small and have had substantial methodological limitations. This report describes the largest rigorously controlled study of a social cognitive treatment to date. We evaluated the efficacy of a refined version of the 24-session Social Cognitive Skills Training (SCST) program, and whether adding in vivo training sessions in community settings would enhance generalization to functional improvements...
December 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288013/impaired-perception-of-facial-emotion-in-developmental-prosopagnosia-a-reply-to-van-den-stock-s-commentary
#12
Federica Biotti, Richard Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275186/neuroimaging-of-person-perception-a-social-visual-interface
#13
REVIEW
Jeffrey A Brooks, Jonathan B Freeman
The visual system is able to extract an enormous amount of socially relevant information from the face, including social categories, personality traits, and emotion. While facial features may be directly tied to certain perceptions, emerging research suggests that top-down social cognitive factors (e.g., stereotypes, social-conceptual knowledge, prejudice) considerably influence and shape the perceptual process. The rapid integration of higher-order social cognitive processes into visual perception gives rise to systematic biases in perceptions of another's face and may potentially act as a mediating factor for intergroup behavioral and evaluative biases...
December 21, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274357/the-role-of-temporal-inversion-in-the-perception-of-realistic-and-morphed-dynamic-transitions-between-facial-expressions
#14
Olga A Korolkova
Recent studies suggest that video recordings of human facial expressions are perceived differently than linear morphing between the first and last frames of these records. Also, observers can differentiate dynamic expressions presented in normal versus time-reversed frame orders. To date, the simultaneous influence of dynamics (natural or linear) and timeline (normal or reversed) has not yet been tested on a wide range of dynamic emotional expressions and the transitions between them. We compared the perception of dynamic transitions between basic emotions in realistic (human-posed) and artificial (linearly morphed) stimuli which were presented in reversed or non-reversed order...
December 20, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250018/forming-facial-expressions-influences-assessment-of-others-dominance-but-not-trustworthiness
#15
Yoshiyuki Ueda, Kie Nagoya, Sakiko Yoshikawa, Michio Nomura
Forming specific facial expressions influences emotions and perception. Bearing this in mind, studies should be reconsidered in which observers expressing neutral emotions inferred personal traits from the facial expressions of others. In the present study, participants were asked to make happy, neutral, and disgusted facial expressions: for "happy," they held a wooden chopstick in their molars to form a smile; for "neutral," they clasped the chopstick between their lips, making no expression; for "disgusted," they put the chopstick between their upper lip and nose and knit their brows in a scowl...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249945/perceived-conventionality-in-co-speech-gestures-involves-the-fronto-temporal-language-network
#16
Dhana Wolf, Linn-Marlen Rekittke, Irene Mittelberg, Martin Klasen, Klaus Mathiak
Face-to-face communication is multimodal; it encompasses spoken words, facial expressions, gaze, and co-speech gestures. In contrast to linguistic symbols (e.g., spoken words or signs in sign language) relying on mostly explicit conventions, gestures vary in their degree of conventionality. Bodily signs may have a general accepted or conventionalized meaning (e.g., a head shake) or less so (e.g., self-grooming). We hypothesized that subjective perception of conventionality in co-speech gestures relies on the classical language network, i...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248823/negative-affect-is-related-to-reduced-differential-neural-responses-to-social-and-non-social-stimuli-in-5-to-8-month-old-infants-a-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#17
Anne van der Kant, Szilvia Biro, Claartje Levelt, Stephan Huijbregts
Both social perception and temperament in young infants have been related to social functioning later in life. Previous functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) data (Lloyd-Fox et al., 2009) showed larger blood-oxygenation changes for social compared to non-social stimuli in the posterior temporal cortex of five-month-old infants. We sought to replicate and extend these findings by using fNIRS to study the neural basis of social perception in relation to infant temperament (Negative Affect) in 37 five-to-eight-month-old infants...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246845/the-role-of-the-cerebellum-in-explicit-and-incidental-processing-of-facial-emotional-expressions-a-study-with-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation
#18
Chiara Ferrari, Viola Oldrati, Marcello Gallucci, Tomaso Vecchi, Zaira Cattaneo
Growing evidence suggests that the cerebellum plays a critical role in non-motor functions, contributing to cognitive and affective processing. In particular, the cerebellum might represent an important node of the "limbic" network, underlying not only emotion regulation but also emotion perception and recognition. Here, we used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to shed further light on the role of the cerebellum in emotional perception by specifically testing cerebellar contribution to explicit and incidental emotional processing...
December 12, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243254/graduating-otolaryngology-resident-preparedness-for-fellowship-as-assessed-by-fellowship-faculty
#19
Julie Highland, Cristina Cabrera-Muffly
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate fellowship program directors' perceptions of incoming clinical fellows' preparedness for subspecialty training and to thereby identify strengths and shortcomings in otolaryngology training programs' ability to prepare residents for fellowship. STUDY DESIGN: Validated e-mail survey. METHODS: Two hundred eleven otolaryngology subspecialty fellowship program directors and faculty directly involved with training fellows were contacted...
December 15, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238682/cochlear-implantation-in-children-with-anomalous-cochleovestibular-anatomy-our-experience
#20
Mohnish Grover, Shitanshu Sharma, Shruti Bhargava, Shashank Nath Singh, Gaurav Gupta, Man Prakash Sharma
To report operative findings, postoperative course, and postimplantation performance in patients with cochlear malformations who underwent cochlear implantation. Seventeen patients with malformations which included enlarged vestibular aqueduct (n = 6), Mondini's dysplasia (n = 5) common cavity deformity (n = 3) and incomplete partition type 2 (n = 3) underwent cochlear implantation with Nucleus 22 straight array device at our center. Operative findings described facial nerve anatomy and cerebrospinal fluid leak...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
keyword
keyword
78853
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"