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Abhishek Sahu, Youngmin Hwang, Cristian Vilos, Jong-Min Lim, Sunghyun Kim, Won Il Choi, Giyoong Tae
The calcium (Ca2+) ion concentration in the blood serum is tightly regulated, and any abnormalities in the level of serum calcium ions are associated with many potentially dangerous diseases. Thus, monitoring of the Ca2+ ion concentration in the blood serum is of fundamental importance. Gold nanoparticle (GNP)-based colorimetric biosensors have enormous potential in clinical diagnostic applications due to their simplicity, versatility, and unique optical properties. In this study, we have developed an alendronate functionalized gold nanoparticle (GNP-ALD) system for the measurement of Ca2+ ion concentration in biological samples...
May 22, 2018: Nanoscale
Min-Zhuo Cheng, Jing Zhang, Dequan Bao, Xiwei Huang
In this communication, we assembled ordered polystyrene (PS) microsphere array as a template with the drop-coating method, and the oxygen plasma was used to etch the template to adjust the spacing between the PS microspheres. Nano-triangular gold array and silver Nano-pyramid array were obtained by ion beam sputtering to deposit precious metal gold and silver. We observed the surface morphology of Au and Au/Ag composite films by scanning electron microscope and characterized the films by X-ray diffraction and Ultraviolet/visible light spectrophotometer...
May 21, 2018: Electrophoresis
Ji-Eun Bae, In Jung Kim, Ki Hyun Nam
Fluorescent proteins show fluorescence quenching by specific metal ions, which can be applied towards metal biosensing applications. In order to develop metal-biosensor, we performed spectroscopic analysis of the fluorescence quenching of fluorescent protein AmCyan and mOrange2 by various metal ions. The fluorescence intensity of AmCyan was reduced to 48.54% by Co2+ and 67.77% by Zn2+ ; Cu2+ reduced the fluorescence emission of AmCyan to 19.30% of its maximum. The fluorescence intensity of mOrange2 was quenched by only Cu2+ , to 11...
May 21, 2018: Molecular Biotechnology
Jiao Zhang, Xiuxia Su, Dong Yang, Chonglin Luan
A label-free liquid crystal (LC) biosensor based on orientation changes of LC molecules was reported for the detection of cecropin B. The homeotropic-to-tilted alignment transition of LC molecules, induced by the specific binding event between cecropin B and anti-cecropin B antibody immobilized via glutaraldehyde, could result in obvious change of the optical appearance from a dark to a bright response and as a result, the detection limit of cecropin B was as low as 50 ng/mL. The average gray-scale intensities (GIs) of optical appearances were calculated to quantitatively analyse cecropin B concentrations...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
Patrizia Monti, Gaia Rocchitta, Salvatore Marceddu, Maria A Dettori, Davide Fabbri, Samir Jaoua, Quirico Migheli, Giovanna Delogu, Pier A Serra
Interference rejection in amperometric biosensors can be more effective introducing some modifiers during electro-deposition of permselective film. Addition of β-cyclodextrin (βCD), a cyclic oligosaccharide composed of seven glucose units, to the ortho-phenylendiamine (oPD) monomer were already demonstrated to provide an enhancement in ascorbic acid (AA) rejection. Here we evaluated the improvement in permselectivity of poly-eugenol and poly-magnolol films electro-polymerized in presence of different amounts of βCD or eugenol-βCD inclusion complex for amperometric biosensor application...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
Shaofeng Zhou, Shaobin Huang, Yi Li, Nannan Zhao, Han Li, Irini Angelidaki, Yifeng Zhang
This study presents an innovative microbial fuel cell-based biosensor for carbon monoxide (CO) monitoring. The hypothesis for the function of the biosensor is that CO inhibits bacterial activity in the anode and thereby reduces electricity production. A mature electrochemically active biofilm on the anode was exposed to CO gas at varied concentrations. A proportional linear relationship (R2 = 0.987) between CO concentration and voltage drop (0.8 to 24 mV) in the range of 10% and 70% of CO concentration was observed...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
Yuanling Sun, Chaofan Ding, Yanna Lin, Weiyan Sun, Hao Liu, Xiaodong Zhu, Yuxue Dai, Chuannan Luo
In this work, a highly selective and sensitive chemiluminescence (CL) biosensor was prepared for adenosine (AD) detection based on carbon quantum dots (CQDs) catalyzing the CL system of luminol-H2 O2 under alkaline environment and CQDs was released from the surface of AD aptamers functionalized graphene @ magnetic β-cyclodextrin polymers (GO@Fe3 O4 @β-CD@A-Apt). Firstly, GO@Fe3 O4 @β-CD and CQDs were prepared and characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscope (SEM), UV-Vis absorption spectra (UV), fluorescence spectra (FL), fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD)...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
Münteha Nur Sonuç Karaboğa, Mustafa Kemal Sezgintürk
This paper demonstrates a new and sensitive electrochemical immunosensor for the analysis of C-reactive protein, an important marker of inflammation. Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) disposable sheets were modified by using 11-cyanoundecyltrimethoxysilane (CUTMS) and PAMAM dendrimers (G:1 amino surfaces) for the first time to immobilize the anti-CRP antibody via covalent interactions. Cyclic voltammetry (CV), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), as well as square wave voltammetry (SWV) methods, were applied to characterize the immobilization stages of anti-CRP and to determine the CRP concentrations...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
Forum Bhatt, Vishal Patel, Constance J Jeffery
Periplasmic ligand-binding proteins (PBPs) bind ligands with a high affinity and specificity. They undergo a large conformational change upon ligand binding, and they have a robust protein fold. These physical features have made them ideal candidates for use in protein engineering projects to develop novel biosensors and signaling molecules. The Escherichia coli MppA (murein peptide permease A) PBP binds the murein tripeptide, l-alanyl-γ-d-glutamyl-meso-diaminopimelate, (l-Ala-γ-d-Glu-meso-Dap), which contains both a D-amino acid and a gamma linkage between two of the amino acids...
May 19, 2018: Biology
Weihua Shi, Xiaojin Luo, Yue Cui
Developing a simple and direct approach for sensitive, specific, and rapid detection of metabolic compounds is of great importance for a variety of biological, medical, and food applications. Tubes are a highly portable and accessible container shape which are widely used for scientific research in cell biology and chemical synthesis, and which are also of great use in domestic health care applications. Here, we show for the first time the development of a tube-based painted amperometric biosensor for the detection of glucose and lactate...
May 18, 2018: Sensors
Anna Florinskaya, Pavel Ershov, Yuri Mezentsev, Leonid Kaluzhskiy, Evgeniy Yablokov, Alexei Medvedev, Alexis Ivanov
We have developed an original experimental approach based on the use of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensors, applicable for investigation of potential partners involved in protein⁻protein interactions (PPI) as well as protein⁻peptide or protein⁻small molecule interactions. It is based on combining a SPR biosensor, size exclusion chromatography (SEC), mass spectrometric identification of proteins (LC-MS/MS) and direct molecular fishing employing principles of affinity chromatography for isolation of potential partner proteins from the total lysate of biological samples using immobilized target proteins (or small non-peptide compounds) as ligands...
May 18, 2018: Sensors
Albert Soler, Lucía Arregui, Miguel Arroyo, José Antonio Mendoza, Andrea Muras, Cristina Álvarez, Cristina García-Vera, Domingo Marquina, Antonio Santos, Susana Serrano
Quorum sensing (QS) is a mechanism dependent on bacterial density. This coordinated process is mediated by the synthesis and the secretion of signal molecules, called autoinducers (AIs). N -acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) are the most common AIs that are used by Gram-negative bacteria and are involved in biofilm formation. Quorum Quenching (QQ) is the interference of QS by producing hydrolyzing enzymes, among other strategies. The main objective of the present study was to identify QS and QQ strains from MBR wastewater treatment plants...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Katarína Nemčeková, Ján Labuda, Viktor Milata, Jana Blaškovičová, Jozef Sochr
The understanding of DNA-drug interaction mechanism is among the important aspects of biological studies for drug design, discovery and pharmaceutical development processes. Published rather detailed FTIR and UV-visible spectroscopic studies on the interactions of theophylline, theobromine and caffeine with calf thymus DNA have shown effective binding of these methylxanthine derivatives to DNA and RNA involving H-bonds. However, to our knowledge, there is no such investigation using electrochemical approach...
May 3, 2018: Bioelectrochemistry
William Tedjo, Jasmine E Nejad, Rachel Feeny, Lang Yang, Charles S Henry, Stuart Tobet, Tom Chen
The ability to view biological events in real time has contributed significantly to research in the life sciences. While video capture of real time changes in anatomical relationships is important, it is equally important to visualize real time changes in the chemical communications that drive cell behaviors. This paper describes an electrochemical imaging system capable of capturing changes in chemical gradients in live tissue slices. The system consists of a CMOS microchip with 8192 configurable Pt surface electrodes, on-chip potentiostat, on-chip control logic, and a microfluidic device designed to interface with the CMOS chip to support ex vivo tissue experimentation...
April 10, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Tao Dai, Qinli Pu, Yongcan Guo, Chen Zuo, Shulian Bai, Yujun Yang, Dan Yin, Yi Li, Shangchun Sheng, Yiyi Tao, Jie Fang, Wen Yu, Guoming Xie
N6-methyladenosine (m6A), one of the most abundant RNA methylation which is ubiquitous in eukaryotic RNA, plays vital roles in many biological progresses. Therefore, the rapid and accurate quantitative detection of m6A is particularly important for its functional research. Herein, a label-free and highly selective electrochemical immunosensor was developed for the detection of m6A. The method is established on that the anti-m6A-Ab can recognize both m6A-RNA and m6A-DNA. An analogous modified DNA probe (L1) serves as a signal molecule, by competing with m6A-RNA for binding to Abs to broaden the linear range...
May 18, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Falan Li, Yemin Guo, Xiangyou Wang, Xia Sun
A dual-target electrochemical aptasensor was developed for the simultaneous detection of multiple antibiotics based on metal ions as signal tracers and nanocomposites as signal amplification strategy. Metal ions such as Cd2+ and Pb2+ could generate distinct differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) peaks. When targets were present, kanamycin (KAN) and streptomycin (STR) as models, the KAN aptamer (KAP) and STR aptamer (STP) were released from their complementary strands, with more change of Cd2+ and Pb2+ corresponding to peak currents...
April 13, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Shagun Gupta, Vipan Kakkar
Early diagnosis and on-time effective treatment are indispensable for Tuberculosis (TB) control - a life threatening infectious communicable disease. The conventional techniques for diagnosing TB normally take two to three weeks. This delay in diagnosis and further increase in detection complexity due to the emerging risks of XDR-TB (Extensively drug Resistant-TB) and MDR-TB (Multidrug Resistant-TB) are evoking interest of researchers in the field of developing rapid TB detection techniques such as biosensing and other point-of-care (POC) techniques...
May 11, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Denise Molinnus, Lukas Muschallik, Laura Osorio Gonzalez, Johannes Bongaerts, Torsten Wagner, Thorsten Selmer, Petra Siegert, Michael Keusgen, Michael J Schöning
A capacitive electrolyte-insulator-semiconductor (EIS) field-effect biosensor for acetoin detection has been presented for the first time. The EIS sensor consists of a layer structure of Al/p-Si/SiO2 /Ta2 O5 /enzyme acetoin reductase. The enzyme, also referred to as butane-2,3-diol dehydrogenase from B. clausii DSM 8716T , has been recently characterized. The enzyme catalyzes the (R)-specific reduction of racemic acetoin to (R,R)- and meso-butane-2,3-diol, respectively. Two different enzyme immobilization strategies (cross-linking by using glutaraldehyde and adsorption) have been studied...
May 18, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Mayreli Ortiz, Ahmed Mehdi, Christophe Methivier, Serge Thorimbert, Bernold Hasenknopf, Ciara K O'Sullivan
Self-assembled monolayers formed by chemisorption of thiolated molecules on gold surfaces are widely applied for biosensing. Moreover, and due to the low stability of thiol-gold chemistry, contributions to the functionalisation of gold substrates with linkers that provide a more stable platform for the immobilisation of electroactive or biological molecules are highly appreciated. In the work reported here, we demonstrate that a carboxylated organotin compound can be successfully grafted onto gold substrates to form a highly stable organic layer with reactivity for subsequent binding to an aminated molecule...
May 21, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Serge D Zemerov, Benjamin W Roose, Mara L Greenberg, Yanfei Wang, Ivan J Dmochowski
Cryptophane-based biosensors are promising agents for the ultrasensitive detection of biomedically relevant targets via 129Xe NMR. Dynamic light scattering revealed that cryptophanes form water-soluble aggregates of tens-to-hundreds of nanometers in size. Acridine orange fluorescence quenching assays allowed quantitation of aggregation state, with critical concentration rang-ing from 200 to 600 nM, depending on the cryptophane species in solution. Addition of excess carbonic anhydrase (CA) pro-tein target to a benzenesulfonamide-functionalized cryptophane biosensor (C8B) led to C8B disaggregation and produced the expected 1:1 C8B-CA complex...
May 21, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
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