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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618540/mental-condition-requirement-in-competency-to-stand-trial-assessments
#1
Andrew D Reisner, Jennifer L Piel
In Ohio, a criminal defendant is incompetent to stand trial only if "a present mental condition" renders him unable to understand the nature and objectives of the proceedings against him or to assist in his defense. Some forensic mental health evaluators have treated the mental-condition requirement as synonymous with, or similar to, the psychiatric condition required in the state's insanity criteria, which requires a "severe mental disease or defect." Yet the term mental condition does not appear in other areas of the state's criminal code or in the state's definition of a mental illness for purposes of civil commitment...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618536/court-ordered-evaluations-from-a-mental-health-court
#2
Seth Judd, George F Parker
Mental health courts (MHCs) have been in existence for more than 20 years, but little is known about the demographics, clinical features, and court outcomes of MHC defendants court-ordered for competence to stand trial (CST) evaluations. We examined these items in defendants who underwent CST evaluations for the Marion County, IN, MHC. The MHC defendants were significantly more likely than defendants referred from other courts to be male, black, unemployed, and on disability, and have a history of prior arrests and psychiatric treatment...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548496/a-cyclical-path-to-recovery-calling-into-question-the-wisdom-of-incarceration-after-restoration
#3
REVIEW
Alexandria Boutros, Seung Suk Kang, Nash N Boutros
Around 20-25% of the current offenders in Cook County Jail of Chicago Illinois are mentally ill. Each one of these offenders had to be named competent to stand trial when they were first being tried in court. The majority of these offenders that were considered incompetent to stand trial (IST) had to go through the competency restoration process where they were housed in a state hospital and received treatment until the court could deem them to be competent to stand trial. Many defendants with minor offenses that were eventually deemed competent to stand trial, stood trial and were found guilty and sent to jail...
March 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501124/corrigendum-to-length-of-stay-for-25-791-california-patients-found-incompetent-to-stand-trial-journal-of-forensic-and-legal-medicine-51c-2017-22-26
#4
Matthew Renner, Carol Newark, Bradley J Bartos, Richard McCleary, Nicholas Scurich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282235/the-forensic-mental-health-services-census-of-forensic-populations-in-state-facilities
#5
Joseph D Bloom, David Novosad
This article focuses on the development of a Forensic Mental Health Services Census (FMHSC), proposed to differentiate between five different patient populations institutionalized in state facilities. The FMHSC would comprise patients who are civilly committed for mental illness or sexual dangerousness, those found incompetent to stand trial, those committed after a verdict of not guilty by reason of insanity, and those voluntarily committed. The census would be performed by state mental health authorities for each of these populations within the particular jurisdiction and then would be reported to a national coordinating organization...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225469/pelvic-vein-incompetence-clinical-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
David M Riding, Vivak Hansrani, Charles McCollum
Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) affects 24% of premenopausal women, accounts for 20%-30% of UK gynecology outpatient appointments, and has an annual pan-European economic cost of €3.8 billion. Despite extensive investigation, often including laparoscopy, up to 55% of women do not receive a diagnosis and endure persistent symptoms. In these patients, clinical management focuses on symptom control rather than treatment. It is possible that pelvic vein incompetence (PVI) is a cause of CPP, although the quality of studies investigating an association is generally low...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083114/wise-program-analysis-evaluating-the-first-15-months-of-progress-in-a-novel-treatment-diversion-program-for-women
#7
Kelly L Coffman, Swati Shivale, Glenn Egan, Victoria Roberts, Peter Ash
Like other counties across the nation, Fulton County, GA, has seen a significant increase in the number of arrests of people with serious mental illness. While Fulton County has accountability courts, some defendants with mental illness are not able to take advantage of these options due to their mental illness rendering them incompetent to understand the expectations required by these courts. The WISE (Women's Initiative for Success with Early Intervention) pilot project created a pathway for incompetent women to be diverted out of jail and into mental health treatment that was faster than the traditional evaluation for competency to stand trial pathway...
September 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857581/bridging-the-gap-between-conventional-and-standardized-competency-to-stand-trial-cst-assessments-an-examination-of-defendant-answers-to-conventional-cst-questions
#8
Anthony M Tarescavage, Lynn Luna Jones, Tayla T C Lee
Despite research suggesting that use of forensic assessment instruments of competency to stand trial (CST) can improve the integrity of forensic conceptualizations (Rogers & Johansson-Love, 2009), the majority of evaluators do not use these measures in CST evaluations (Nicholson & Norwood, 2000). The purpose of this study is to bridge the gap between competency evaluations based on a conventional interview and those conducted with the aid of a standardized forensic assessment instrument. To this end, we utilized an archival sample of 704 criminal defendants (543 males, 161 females) ordered to undergo evaluations of CST...
December 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734198/length-of-stay-for-25-791-california-patients-found-incompetent-to-stand-trial
#9
Matthew Renner, Carol Newark, Bradley J Bartos, Richard McCleary, Nicholas Scurich
Referrals and admissions to state psychiatric hospitals of criminal defendants found Incompetent to Stand Trial (IST) are on the rise in the state of California and other parts of the country. Studies of treatment outcomes of this population have primarily focused on factors that determine competency and/or restorability. However, as IST patients place an increasing resource burden on state psychiatric hospital systems, other outcomes such as length of stay (LOS) are becoming increasingly important for practitioners and policy makers to understand...
October 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429375/patient-characteristics-and-outcomes-related-to-successful-outpatient-competency-restoration
#10
Amy J Mikolajewski, Gina M Manguno-Mire, Kelly L Coffman, Sarah M Deland, John W Thompson
Criminal defendants have a fundamental right to a fair and speedy trial. However, individuals found incompetent to stand trial are unable to move forward in the adjudication process and are often mired in protracted legal proceedings. If competency restoration is statutorily permissible and can be conducted in the outpatient setting, we propose that it should be considered based on burgeoning empirical data. We present data from an outpatient forensic clinic in which individuals are conditionally released to receive competency restoration in the community...
April 20, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350552/characteristics-of-forensic-patients-in-california-with-dementia-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Bradley J Bartos, Matthew Renner, Carol Newark, Richard McCleary, Nicholas Scurich
Criminal defendants found incompetent to stand trial (IST) are sent to state hospitals for treatment to be restored to competency. IST patients diagnosed with dementia and related disorders present a particular challenge to clinicians, because they must be restored successfully within a statutorily mandated time frame (e.g., 3 years in California for defendants charged with a felony offense). This study examined a comprehensive data set that included all forensic patients served by California's Department of State Hospitals from September 2003 to February 2016...
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270468/limitations-to-the-administration-of-involuntary-medications-for-defendants-deemed-incompetent-to-stand-trial
#12
Lorraine E Cuadra, Timothy Botello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182458/combined-evaluations-of-competency-to-stand-trial-and-mental-state-at-the-time-of-the-offense-an-overlooked-methodological-consideration
#13
Lauren Kois, James M Wellbeloved-Stone, Preeti Chauhan, Janet I Warren
Combined evaluations of competency to stand trial (CST; competency) and mental state at the time of the offense (MSO; sanity) frequently co-occur. However, most research examines the 2 as discrete constructs without considering 4 potential combined evaluation outcomes: competent-sane, incompetent-sane, competent-insane, and incompetent-insane. External validity can be improved if research more closely mirrored practice. It may be incorrect to assume incompetent defendants are similar across CST-only and combined evaluations, and insane defendants are similar across MSO-only and combined evaluations...
June 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003389/predictors-of-competency-to-stand-trial-in-connecticut-s-inpatient-juvenile-competency-restoration-program
#14
Joseph Chien, Kendell L Coker, Susan Parke, Nabyl Tejani, Remy A Sirken, Christina Sanchez-Jaquez, Fernando Rausch, Muhammad W Azeem
There are substantial differences between adults and juveniles in the context of competency restoration. Among juveniles, factors such as maturity level, age, intellectual functioning, and psychiatric diagnoses may affect competency to stand trial. In this study, subjects included all juveniles who were admitted to the Albert J. Solnit Children's Center for inpatient competency restoration in the period spanning January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2012. Sixty-one juveniles were referred during this period, and 58 were included in the final analyses...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802872/cognitive-status-and-profile-validity-on-the-personality-assessment-inventory-pai-in-offenders-with-serious-mental-illness
#15
Tatiana M Matlasz, Jamie L Brylski, Corey M Leidenfrost, Matt Scalco, Samuel J Sinclair, Ronald M Schoelerman, Valerie Tsang, Daniel Antonius
Cognitive impairment among seriously mentally ill offenders has implications for legal matters (e.g., competency to stand trial), as well as clinical treatment and care. Thus, being able to identify potential cognitive concerns early in the adjudication process can be important when deciding on further interventions. In this study, we examined the validity scales of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI), scores on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV (WAIS-IV), and competency findings in male inmates (n=61) diagnosed with a serious mental illness...
January 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504905/evaluation-of-the-response-bias-scale-and-improbable-failure-scale-in-assessing-feigned-cognitive-impairment
#16
Laura M Grossi, Debbie Green, Shanah Einzig, Brian Belfi
The present study evaluated the Response Bias scale (RBS), a symptom validity test embedded within the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) that assesses for feigned neurocognitive complaints, in a sample of pretrial incompetent to stand trial (IST) criminal defendants. Additionally, we examined the Improbable Failure (IF) scale, a performance validity test embedded within the Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms, Second Edition (SIRS-2), which similarly assesses for feigned cognitive impairment (FCI)...
May 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27292971/comparative-study-of-forensic-psychiatric-system-between-china-and-america
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Gangqin Li, Thomas G Gutheil, Zeqing Hu
Laws and regulations about the forensic psychiatric systems in China and America were compared, and suggestions for improving the forensic psychiatric system of China were provided. There are many differences regarding the role of the forensic psychiatrist, the initiation of the assessment and the admission of expert opinion because of elements in the legal systems in China and America. The Chinese system has the advantages of objectivity, cost saving and high efficiency; but it has deficiencies in procedural justice and the admission of expert opinion...
July 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236171/when-restoration-fails-one-state-s-answer-to-the-dilemma-of-permanent-incompetence
#18
Joseph R Simpson
The landmark 1972 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Jackson v. Indiana prohibited the indefinite commitment of criminal defendants on grounds of incompetence to stand trial if there was no substantial probability of restoration to competency in the foreseeable future. Such defendants are still subject to ordinary civil commitment; however, not all will meet civil commitment criteria, given that the criteria for a finding of incompetency to stand trial do not map directly onto the general criteria for involuntary psychiatric hospitalization...
June 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27085728/competency-to-stand-trial-evaluations-in-a-multicultural-population-associations-between-psychiatric-demographic-and-legal-factors
#19
Cheryl M Paradis, Elizabeth Owen, Linda Z Solomon, Benjamin Lane, Chinmoy Gulrajani, Michael Fullar, Alan Perry, Sasha Rai, Tamar Lavy, Gene McCullough
Data were examined from an archival sample of Competency to Stand Trial (CST) reports of 200 consecutive New York City pre-trial defendants evaluated over a five-month period. Approximately a fourth of defendants in the present study were immigrants; many required the assistance of interpreters. The examiners conducting the CST evaluation diagnosed approximately half of the defendants with a primary diagnosis of a psychotic disorder and deemed over half not competent. Examiners reached the same conclusion about competency in 96% of cases, about the presence of a psychotic disorder in 91% of cases, and affective disorder in 85% of cases...
July 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26438811/correlates-of-competency-to-stand-trial-among-youths-admitted-to-a-juvenile-mental-health-court
#20
Eraka Bath, Lauren Reba-Harrelson, Robyn Peace, Jie Shen, Honghu Liu
Competency to stand trial (CST) assessment of juvenile offenders is a relatively recent phenomenon, as are juvenile mental health courts. Factors associated with youths' ability to participate in legal proceedings are not well understood, regardless of the court venue. Using a sample of 324 juveniles participating in the Los Angeles County Juvenile Mental Health Court (LAJMHC), we sought to explore the relationships of age, mental health diagnosis, and history of mental health treatment to CST status. Results suggest youths under the age of 15 were significantly more likely to have been found incompetent to stand trial (IST) when compared with older youths (p = ...
September 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
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