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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432374/bacterial-endotoxins-and-their-impact-on-respiratory-system-among-greek-cotton-industry-workers
#1
Ioannis D Anyfantis, Georgios Rachiotis, Christos Hadjichristodoulou, Konstantinos I Gourgoulianis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430356/crispr-cas9-an-rna-guided-highly-precise-synthetic-tool-for-plant-genome-editing
#2
REVIEW
Yeliz Demirci, Baohong Zhang, Turgay Unver
CRISPR/Cas 9 is a newly developed and naturally occurred genome editing tool, which is originally used by bacteria for immune defence. In the past years, it has been quickly employed and modified to precisely edit genome sequences in both plants and animals. Compared with the well-developed zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) and transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), CRISPR/Cas 9 has lots of advantages, including easier to design and implement, higher targeting efficiency, and less expensive. Thus, it is becoming one of the most powerful tools for knockout of an individual gene as well as insertion of one gene and/or control of gene transcription...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430323/povidone-iodine-3-minute-exposure-time-is-viable-in-preparation-for-cataract-surgery
#3
Chu Luan Nguyen, Lawrence J Oh, Eugene Wong, Ian C Francis
PURPOSE: Povidone-iodine (PI) is widely used to reduce the preoperative conjunctival bacterial load. This study aimed to evaluate the employment of PI 10% in an attempt to sterilize the ocular surface prior to cataract surgery, and to show that PI could be left in contact for 3 minutes. The viability of this exposure time in clinical practice, associated adverse events, and visual outcomes were documented. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, phacoemulsification cataract surgery was performed in 604 patients by a single surgeon...
April 7, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428863/switching-among-natal-and-auxiliary-hosts-increases-vulnerability-of-spodoptera-exigua-h%C3%A3-bner-lepidoptera-noctuidae-to-insecticides
#4
Qamar Saeed, Shafqat Saeed, Faheem Ahmad
The role of insecticidal application and host plant resistance in managing Spodoptera exigua has been well documented, but the effect of different host plants, on which the pest cycles its population in the field, has seldom been investigated. Therefore, we have studied the vulnerability of S. exigua against commonly used insecticides (cypermethrin, chlorpyrifos, lufenuron, and emamectin benzoate) with different mode of actions when it switches its generations from natal to auxiliary hosts and vice versa. Different field populations being established on different host plants including castor, cauliflower, cotton, okra, and spinach were collected and reared in the laboratory before insecticidal bioassays...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428697/geraniol-inhibits-endometrial-carcinoma-via-downregulating-oncogenes-and-upregulating-tumour-suppressor-genes
#5
Sakkaravarthy Shanmugapriya, Perumal Subramanian, Sivamani Kanimozhi
Endometrial carcinoma is the fourth most abundant cancer worldwide in women. Female Wistar rats were segregated into five groups: group I-control, group II-MNNG (N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine-150 mg/kg) administered through intravaginal detention of cotton absorbent, group III-geraniol (GOH) only, group IV-GOH-pretreated (7 days before the start of MNNG administration); and group V-Co-administration of geraniol with MNNG. In this study, reverse transcriptase- PCR of K-ras, MAPK, PI3K, Wnt/β-catenin genes, TGF-β and expressions of PCNA, PTEN, progesterone receptor and E-cadherin by Western blotting were performed from endometrial cancer tissue and control tissues...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427062/emerging-issues-for-optical-coherence-tomography
#6
Luisa Pierro, Alessandro Rabiolo
Almost 25 years after its introduction, optical coherence tomography (OCT) is still a crucial test in the evaluation of patients affected by diabetic retinopathy. In this chapter, the authors provide an extensive overview of the posterior segment pathological changes induced by diabetes, characterized using OCT. OCT plays a key role in diabetic macular edema (DME) as it assesses related retinal changes both in a qualitative (i.e., DME pattern, presence and aspects of cysts, fluid localization, integrity, and reflectivity of retinal layers) and quantitative (i...
2017: Developments in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426370/pin-formed-protein-a-door-to-reveal-the-mechanism-for-auxin-triggered-initiation-of-cotton-fiber
#7
Mi Zhang, Yuehua Xiao, Jianyan Zeng, Yan Pei
Cotton fibers are differentiated ovule epidermal cells that provide an ideal model to study cell differentiation and elongation. Establishment of auxin maximum in fiber cells is crucial for cotton-fiber protrusion from ovule surface. However, it is unclear where the auxin originates from and how the auxin accumulates in fiber cells. Our recent results indicate that the auxin is mainly imported from the outside of ovules, and transported to fiber cells through GhPIN (homolog of PIN-formed proteins in cotton) -mediated polar auxin transport, rather than in situ synthesis...
April 20, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424725/a-genome-scale-analysis-of-the-pin-gene-family-reveals-its-functions-in-cotton-fiber-development
#8
Yuzhou Zhang, Peng He, Zuoren Yang, Gai Huang, Limin Wang, Chaoyou Pang, Hui Xiao, Peng Zhao, Jianing Yu, Guanghui Xiao
The PIN-FORMED (PIN) protein, the most important polar auxin transporter, plays a critical role in the distribution of auxin and controls multiple biological processes. However, characterizations and functions of this gene family have not been identified in cotton. Here, we identified the PIN family in Gossypium hirsutum, Gossypium arboreum, and Gossypium raimondii. This gene family was divided into seven subgroups. A chromosomal distribution analysis showed that GhPIN genes were evenly distributed in eight chromosomes and that the whole genome and dispersed duplications were the main duplication events for GhPIN expansion...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424708/quantitative-trait-locus-mapping-for-verticillium-wilt-resistance-in-an-upland-cotton-recombinant-inbred-line-using-snp-based-high-density-genetic-map
#9
Koffi Kibalou Palanga, Muhammad Jamshed, Md Harun Or Rashid, Juwu Gong, Junwen Li, Muhammad Sajid Iqbal, Aiying Liu, Haihong Shang, Yuzhen Shi, Tingting Chen, Qun Ge, Zhen Zhang, Tussipkan Dilnur, Weijie Li, Pengtao Li, Wankui Gong, Youlu Yuan
Verticillium wilt (VW) caused by Verticillium dahlia Kleb is one of the most destructive diseases of cotton. Numerous efforts have been made to improve the resistance of upland cotton against VW, with little progress achieved due to the paucity of upland cotton breeding germplasms with high level of resistance to VW. Gossypium barbadense was regarded as more resistant compared to upland cotton; however, it is difficult to apply the resistance from G. barbadense to upland cotton improvement because of the hybrid breakdown and the difficulty to fix resistant phenotype in their interspecific filial...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424032/the-onslaught-of-infectious-disease
#10
Michael Cotton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423915/isolation-of-flavonoids-from-apple-peel-using-novel-graphene-oxide-cotton-fiber
#11
Z Xu, R Peng, X Chen, R Ghosh, H P V Rupasinghe
A novel graphene oxide cotton fibre (GOF) was used to adsorb flavonoids from crude ethanol extracts derived from apple peels. Ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to analyse polyphenol content, and the resulting data demonstrated that GOF-based flash chromatography can be used to efficiently separate polyphenols from sugars and can facilitate the removal of 95% of the sugar content. Flavonoids can be easily separated from phenolic acids. Chalcones and flavonols were eluted with 100% methanol and subsequently flavan-3-ols can be eluted with 0...
April 20, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423424/field-evaluation-of-potential-pheromone-lures-for-lygus-lineolaris-hemiptera-miridae-in-the-mid-south
#12
Katherine A Parys, David R Hall
Plant bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae) are phytophagous pests of cultivated plants around the world. In the mid-South region of the United States, Lygus lineolaris (Palisot de Beauvois) is a primary pest of cotton, and causes economic damage. Previously published research about the volatiles produced by members of the genus Lygus, and other closely related groups, indicated that they produce blends of hexyl butyrate, (E)-2-hexenyl butyrate, and (E)-4-oxo-2-hexenal. Varying ratios of the three compounds were loaded into pipette tips, and screened in combination with non-UV white sticky cards for attractiveness to field populations of L...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422917/an-adapted-clavien-dindo-scoring-system-in-trauma-as-a-clinically-meaningful-non-mortality-endpoint
#13
David N Naumann, Laura E Vincent, Nicola Pearson, Alastair Beaven, Iain M Smith, Kieran Smith, Emma Toman, Helen R Dorrance, Keith Porter, Charles E Wade, Bryan A Cotton, John B Holcomb, Mark J Midwinter
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on reporting non-mortality trauma complications in a graded manner. The Clavien-Dindo scale of complications was originally for elective surgery, and requires adaptation to provide meaningful data for trauma patients. In particular the original score does not account for those treated without surgery. We report an adapted Clavien-Dindo in trauma (ACDiT) scale and apply it to patients managed operatively and non-operatively. METHODS: A combined prospective and retrospective international multi-center observational study was undertaken to apply the ACDiT scale to 484 trauma patients at 3 university teaching hospitals (Birmingham, England (n=303); Houston, Texas (n=113); and Glasgow, Scotland (n=68))...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421635/a-homochiral-co%C3%AE-%C3%AE-16co%C3%AE-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-4-supertetrahedral-t4-cluster-from-a-racemic-ligand-with-ferromagnetic-behavior-and-high-photocatalytic-activity
#14
Yue-Ling Bai, Wei Du, Xiuping Yin, Jianhui Fang, Shourong Zhu, Jun Tao
A homochiral mixed-valence cobalt cluster [CoΙΙ16CoΙΙΙ4(μ6-O)4(μ3-OH)12(S-bme)12(OAc)6]Cl6·5CH3OH·18H2O (1, Hbme = 1H-(benzimidazol-2-yl)ethanol) was synthesized from a racemic ligand and three cobalt salts of CoCl2·6H2O, Co(Ac)2·4H2O and Co(NO3)2·6H2O in a DMF/MeOH mixed solvent. The enantioselective coordination occurs when a large excess of cobalt ions added in the solution and only the S-configuration of the racemic ligand involved in crystallization. The CD spectra of three crystal samples show identical Cotton signals, indicating the repeatability and the enantiomeric purity of the single crystals...
April 19, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421329/characterization-of-two-tt2-type-myb-transcription-factors-regulating-proanthocyanidin-biosynthesis-in-tetraploid-cotton-gossypium-hirsutum
#15
Nan Lu, Marissa Roldan, Richard A Dixon
Two TT2-type MYB transcription factors identified from tetraploid cotton are involved in regulating proanthocyanidin biosynthesis, providing new strategies for engineering condensed tannins in crops. Proanthocyanidins (PAs), also known as condensed tannins, are important secondary metabolites involved in stress resistance in plants, and are health supplements that help to reduce cholesterol levels. As one of the most widely grown crops in the world, cotton provides the majority of natural fabrics and is a supplemental food for ruminant animals...
April 18, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421012/moderated-online-social-therapy-a-model-for-reducing-stress-in-carers-of-young-people-diagnosed-with-mental-health-disorders
#16
John Gleeson, Reeva Lederman, Peter Koval, Greg Wadley, Sarah Bendall, Sue Cotton, Helen Herrman, Kingsley Crisp, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
Family members caring for a young person diagnosed with the onset of mental health problems face heightened stress, depression, and social isolation. Despite evidence for the effectiveness of family based interventions, sustaining access to specialist family interventions is a major challenge. The availability of the Internet provides possibilities to expand and sustain access to evidence-based psychoeducation and personal support for family members. In this paper we describe the therapeutic model and the components of our purpose-built moderated online social therapy (MOST) program for families...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418615/co-expression-of-gr79-epsps-and-gat-yields-herbicide-resistant-cotton-with-low-glyphosate-residues
#17
Chengzhen Liang, Bao Sun, Zhigang Meng, Zhaohong Meng, Yuan Wang, Guoqing Sun, Tao Zhu, Wei Lu, Wei Zhang, Waqas Malik, Min Lin, Rui Zhang, Sandui Guo
Glyphosate resistant (GR) crops have been adopted on a massive scale by North and South American farmers. Currently, about 80% of the 120 million hectares of the global genetically-modified (GM) crops are GR crop varieties. However, the adoption of GR plants in China has not occurred at the same pace, owing to several factors including, among other things, labor markets and the residual effects of glyphosate in transgenic plants. Here, we report the co-expression of codon-optimized forms of GR79 EPSPS and N-acetyltransferase (GAT) genes in cotton...
April 18, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418345/cricotracheal-resection-in-a-patient-with-severe-subglottic-stenosis-advantages-of-a-temporary-non-cannulated-tracheostomy
#18
Todor Miroslavov Popov, Tzvetomir Marinov, Julian Rangachev, Dimitar Konov, Maya Belitova
BACKGROUND: Stenosis in the area of the cricotracheal segment is still a challenging problem to be dealt with. Post-intubational cases mark an increase in recent years due to the advances in intensive care, thoracic surgery and neurosurgery departments. CASE REPORT: This paper describes a case report of a patient with severe subglottic stenosis (grade III according to the Cotton-Myer scale), introduces a new option in cricotracheal resections - postoperative temporary non-cannulated tracheostomy and describes its advantages...
April 5, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415919/book-review-for-cotton-mh-kobusingye-o-loeffler-ijp-et%C3%A2-al-editors-primary-surgery-volume-one-non-trauma-2nd-ed-available-at-http-global-help-org-editorial
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415502/antimicrobial-textiles-biogenic-silver-nanoparticles-against-candida-and-xanthomonas
#20
Daniela Ballottin, Stephanie Fulaz, Flávia Cabrini, Junko Tsukamoto, Nelson Durán, Oswaldo L Alves, Ljubica Tasic
This paper introduces cotton fibers impregnated with biogenic silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), synthesized from a Fusarium oxysporum fungal filtrate (FF) solution, and open up the possibility for their use in medical environment and agriculture clothing as means to avoid microbial spreading. After thorough AgNPs characterization, regarding their physical, chemical and biochemical properties, Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MIC) against some human and orange tree pathogens were determined. We report the strong AgNPs activity against Candida parapsilosis and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
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