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memory, phosphatidylserine

Lígia Pimentel, Ana Gomes, Manuela Pintado, Luis Miguel Rodríguez-Alcalá
The lipid fraction of milk is one of the most complex matrixes in foodstuffs due to the presence of a high number of moieties with different physical and chemical properties. Glycerolipids include glycerol and two fatty acids esterified in positions sn-1 and sn-2 with higher concentration of unsaturated fatty acids than in the triglyceride fraction of milk. Sphingolipids consist of a sphingoid base linked to a fatty acid across an amide bond. Their amphiphilic nature makes them suitable to be added into a variety of foods and recent investigations show that phospholipids, mainly phosphatidylserine and sphingomyelin, can exert antimicrobial, antiviral, and anticancer activities as well as positive effects in Alzheimer's disease, stress, and memory decline...
2016: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Jerard Seghatchian, Jean Amiral
Blood cells generate heterogeneous populations of vesicles that are delivered, as small-specialized packages of highly active cell fragments in blood circulation, having almost similar functional activities, as the mother cells. These so called extracellular vesicles are the essential part of an energy-dependent natural apoptotic process; hence their beneficial and harmful biological functions cannot be ignored. Evidence is accumulating, that cellular derived vesicles, originate from all viable cells including: megakaryocytes, platelets, red blood cells, white blood cells and endothelial cells, the highest in proportions from platelets...
August 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Teresa A Barber, Edward M Edris, Paul J Levinsky, Justin M Williams, Ari R Brouwer, Shawn A Gessay
In the one-trial taste-avoidance task in day-old chicks, acetylcholine receptor activation has been shown to be important for memory formation. Injection of scopolamine produces amnesia, which appears to be very similar in type to that of Alzheimer's disease, which is correlated with low levels of acetylcholine in the brain. Traditional pharmacological treatments of Alzheimer's disease, such as cholinesterase inhibitors and glutamate receptor blockers, improve memory and delay the onset of impairments in memory compared with placebo controls...
September 2016: Behavioural Pharmacology
Brian Mott, William Packwood, Aris Xie, J Todd Belcik, Ronald P Taylor, Yan Zhao, Brian P Davidson, Jonathan R Lindner
OBJECTIVES: This study hypothesized that microvascular retention of phosphatidylserine-containing microbubbles (MB-PS) would allow detection of recent but resolved myocardial ischemia with myocardial contrast echocardiographic (MCE) molecular imaging. BACKGROUND: Techniques for ischemic memory imaging which can detect and spatially assess resolved myocardial ischemia are being developed for rapid evaluation of patients with chest pain. METHODS: MCE molecular imaging with MB-PS was performed 1...
August 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
Philippa A Jackson, Joanne S Forster, J Gordon Bell, James R Dick, Irene Younger, David O Kennedy
A number of recent trials have demonstrated positive effects of dietary supplementation with the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on measures of cognitive function in healthy young and older adults. One potential mechanism by which EPA, and DHA in particular, may exert these effects is via modulation of cerebral hemodynamics. In order to investigate the effects of DHA alone or provided as one component of a multinutrient supplement (also including Gingko biloba, phosphatidylserine and vitamins B₉ and B₁₂) on measures of cerebral hemodynamics and cognitive function, 86 healthy older adults aged 50-70 years who reported subjective memory deficits were recruited to take part in a six month daily dietary supplementation trial...
February 2016: Nutrients
Arpit Mehrotra, Abhilasha Sood, Rajat Sandhir
3-Nitropropionic acid (3-NP) is an irreversible inhibitor of succinate dehydrogenase and induces neuropathological changes similar to those observed in Huntington's disease (HD). The objective of the present study was to investigate neuroprotective effect of mitochondrial modulators; alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) and acetyl-L-carnitine (ALCAR) on 3-NP-induced alterations in mitochondrial lipid composition, mitochondrial structure and memory functions. Experimental model of HD was developed by administering 3-NP at sub-chronic doses, twice daily for 17 days...
December 2015: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Y Y Zhang, L Q Yang, L M Guo
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of phosphatidylserine (PS) on memory of patients and rats with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In total, 57 AD patients were recruited from our hospital, and were divided into two groups: 25 in the control group and 32 in the observation group. Next, 300 mg/d of PS was given to the rats in the observation group for 12 continuous weeks based on the control group. AD rats were divided into three groups: control group, PS 30 mg/kg group, and PS 15 mg/kg group. Learning memory ability and free radical levels in the brain were detected after treatment...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Michael J Glade, Kyl Smith
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the roles and importance of phosphatidylserine (PS), an endogenous phospholipid and dietary nutrient, in human brain biochemistry, physiology, and function. METHODS: A scientific literature search was conducted on MEDLINE for relevant articles regarding PS and the human brain published before June 2014. Additional publications were identified from references provided in original papers; 127 articles were selected for inclusion in this review...
June 2015: Nutrition
Margret I Moré, Ulla Freitas, David Rutenberg
INTRODUCTION: We report previously unpublished, early pilot studies performed with a brain-health food supplement containing a proprietary blend of 100 mg phosphatidylserine (PS) and 80 mg phosphatidic acid (PA) produced from soy lecithin. METHODS: Serum analysis after single PS+PA ingestion was performed in healthy volunteers. A 3-month double-blind, placebo-controlled study assessed the influence of three PS+PA capsules/day, (300 mg PS + 240 mg PA/day) or placebo on memory and mood in functioning, non-depressive elderly people with memory problems, using the Wechsler Memory Scale and the List of Depressive Symptoms...
December 2014: Advances in Therapy
Zoe Arvanitakis, Robin L Brey, Jacob H Rand, Julie A Schneider, Ana W Capuano, Lei Yu, Sue E Leurgans, David A Bennett, Steven R Levine
BACKGROUND: There are few data on the relationship of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) to pathologically proven brain infarcts. We tested the hypothesis that aPLs are associated with a higher odds of brain infarcts among older, community-dwelling individuals who came to autopsy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Specimens and clinical and pathological data were derived from 607 deceased subjects (mean age at death, 89 years; 66% women) who were participating in 1 of 2 cohort studies of aging (Rush Memory and Aging Project and Religious Orders Study) and had agreed to brain autopsy...
January 13, 2015: Circulation
Bombi Lee, Bong-Jun Sur, Jeong-Jun Han, Insop Shim, Song Her, Yang-Seok Lee, Hye-Jung Lee, Dae-Hyun Hahm
Recently, lecithin-derived phosphatidylserine (PS), which originates from marine life, has received much attention as a viable alternative to bovine cerebral cortex PS. In this study, the use of squid phosphatidylcholine-transphosphatidylated PS (SQ-PS) was evaluated through examination of its ameliorating effects on age-associated learning and memory deficits in rats. Aged rats were orally administered SQ-PS (10, 20, or 50 mg/kg per day) once a day for seven days 30 min prior to behavioral assessment in a Morris water maze...
January 2, 2015: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Hee-Yong Kim, Bill X Huang, Arthur A Spector
Phosphatidylserine (PS) is the major anionic phospholipid class particularly enriched in the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane in neural tissues. PS is synthesized from phosphatidylcholine or phosphatidylethanolamine by exchanging the base head group with serine, and this reaction is catalyzed by phosphatidylserine synthase 1 and phosphatidylserine synthase 2 located in the endoplasmic reticulum. Activation of Akt, Raf-1 and protein kinase C signaling, which supports neuronal survival and differentiation, requires interaction of these proteins with PS localized in the cytoplasmic leaflet of the plasma membrane...
October 2014: Progress in Lipid Research
Gregory T Tietjen, Zhiliang Gong, Chiu-Hao Chen, Ernesto Vargas, James E Crooks, Kathleen D Cao, Charles T R Heffern, J Michael Henderson, Mati Meron, Binhua Lin, Benot Roux, Mark L Schlossman, Theodore L Steck, Ka Yee C Lee, Erin J Adams
Recognition of phosphatidylserine (PS) lipids exposed on the extracellular leaflet of plasma membranes is implicated in both apoptotic cell removal and immune regulation. The PS receptor T cell immunoglobulin and mucin-domain-containing molecule 4 (Tim4) regulates T-cell immunity via phagocytosis of both apoptotic (high PS exposure) and nonapoptotic (intermediate PS exposure) activated T cells. The latter population must be removed at lower efficiency to sensitively control immune tolerance and memory cell population size, but the molecular basis for how Tim4 achieves this sensitivity is unknown...
April 15, 2014: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Veronika Vakhapova, Tzafra Cohen, Yael Richter, Yael Herzog, Yossi Kam, Amos D Korczyn
BACKGROUND: The present study is an open-label extension (OLE) aimed at evaluating the effect of 100 mg/day of phosphatidylserine enriched with docosahexaenoic acid (PS-DHA) on cognitive performance in nondemented elderly individuals with memory complaints. METHODS: From the participants who completed the core study, 122 continued with a 15-week OLE. Efficacy was assessed using a computerized tool and the Clinical Global Impression of Change (CGI-C) rating scale...
2014: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Danilo Zanotta, Silvana Puricelli, Guido Bonoldi
A prospective cohort, noncomparative, multicenter trial was conducted to explore the potential of a phytotherapeutic compound, available as a dietary supplement and containing extracts of Bacopa monnieri and Haematococcus pluvialis (astaxanthin) plus phosphatidylserine and vitamin E, in improving cognition in subjects diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment. Enrolled subjects (n=104) were aged 71.2±9.9 years and had a mini-mental state examination score of 26.0±2.0 (mean ± standard deviation). They underwent the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) test and the clock drawing test at baseline and upon completion of a 60-day period of dietary supplementation with one tablet daily of the tested compound...
2014: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Kuniaki Ota, Svetlana Dambaeva, Jennifer Lee, Alice Gilman-Sachs, Kenneth Beaman, Joanne Kwak-Kim
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent pregnancy losses (RPL) and unexplained infertility (UI) are often associated with the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (APA). We report one case with RPL, UI, and persistent IgM APA without B-cell isotype switch. METHOD OF STUDY: (i) A case report of a woman with RPL and UI who eventually developed rheumatoid arthritis and B-cell phenotype study of the case and controls by flow cytometric analysis; (ii) a retrospective cohort study of 1067 subjects with APA test...
March 2014: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Hyun Soo Shim, Hyun-Jung Park, Yong Ho Ahn, Song Her, Jeong-Jun Han, Dae-Hyun Hahm, Hyejung Lee, Insop Shim
The present study examined the effects of krill-derived phosphatidylserine (Krill-PS) on the learning and memory function and the neural activity in rats with trimethyltin (TMT)-induced memory deficits. The rats were administered vehicle (medium-chain triglyceride: MCT) or Krill-PS (50, 100 mg/kg, p.o.) daily for 21 days. The cognitive improving efficacy of Krill-PS in TMT-induced amnesic rats was investigated by assessing the Morris water maze test and by performing choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB) immunohistochemistry...
March 2012: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
Yael Richter, Yael Herzog, Yael Lifshitz, Rami Hayun, Sigalit Zchut
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of soybean-derived phosphatidylserine (SB-PS) (300 mg/day) in improving cognitive performance in elderly with memory complaints, following a short duration of 12 weeks' SB-PS administration. METHODS: SB-PS was administered daily for 12 weeks to 30 elderly volunteers with memory complaints (age range 50-90 years). Cognitive performance was determined by a computerized test battery and by the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (Rey-AVLT)...
2013: Clinical Interventions in Aging
S Hirayama, K Terasawa, R Rabeler, T Hirayama, T Inoue, Y Tatsumi, M Purpura, R Jäger
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly diagnosed behavioural disorder of childhood, affecting 3-5% of school-age children. The present study investigated whether the supplementation of soy-derived phosphatidylserine (PS), a naturally occurring phospholipid, improves ADHD symptoms in children. METHODS: Thirty six children, aged 4-14 years, who had not previously received any drug treatment related to ADHD, received placebo (n = 17) or 200 mg day(-1) PS (n = 19) for 2 months in a randomised, double-blind manner...
April 2014: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Adam Ambroziak, Grazyna Cichosz
Almost the all milk fat is closed inside fat globules possessing envelope of phospholipids, glycosphingolipids, cholesterols and proteins. Phospholipids of milk are composed of phosphatidylcholine (lecithin), phosphatidylethanolamine (kefalin), sphingomyelin, also phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylserine and lizophosphatidylcholine (lizolecithin) and make 30% of the milk fat globule membrane. Phospholipids possess pro-health properties. They act neuroprotectively, regulate brain activity, improve memory and resistance to stress, reduce depression risk, Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases...
January 2013: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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