Read by QxMD icon Read

Call light

Chloé I Charendoff, Lisa Bouchier-Hayes
The caspase family of proteases play essential roles in apoptosis and innate immunity. Among these, a subgroup known as initiator caspases are the first to be activated in these pathways. This group includes caspase-2, -8, and -9, as well as the inflammatory caspases, caspase-1, -4, and -5. The initiator caspases are all activated by dimerization following recruitment to specific multiprotein complexes called activation platforms. Caspase Bimolecular Fluorescence Complementation (BiFC) is an imaging-based approach where split fluorescent proteins fused to initiator caspases are used to visualize the recruitment of initiator caspases to their activation platforms and the resulting induced proximity...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Jun-Yi Wu, Zhong-Xia Wang, Guang Zhang, Xian Lu, Guang-Hui Qiang, Wei Hu, An-Lai Ji, Jun-Hua Wu, Chun-Ping Jiang
Purpose: FTY720, known as fingolimod, is a new immunosuppressive agent with effective anticancer properties. Although it was recently confirmed that FTY720 inhibits cancer cell proliferation, FTY720 can also induce protective autophagy and reduce cytotoxicity. Blocking autophagy with Beclin 1 siRNA after treatment with FTY720 promotes apoptosis. The objective of this study was to enhance the anticancer effect of FTY720 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by targeted co-delivery of FTY720 and Beclin 1 siRNA using calcium phosphate (CaP) nanoparticles (NPs)...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Łukasz Baranowski, Wojciech Kurek, Małgorzata Lichocka, Mirosław Sobczak
Plant-parasitic cyst forming nematodes induce in host roots a specific feeding site called a syncytium. Modifications induced by the pathogen in cells incorporated into syncytium include their hypertrophy and changes in apoplast caused by over-expression of plant proteins, e.g. cellulases. As a result cell wall openings between syncytial elements are formed. The major aim of our investigation was to immunolocalize cellulases involved in these cell-wall modifications. Experiments were conducted on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum cv...
February 12, 2018: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
Ngo Fung Lee, Dharmesh Patel, Haiyan Liu, Rui Zhang
Iron(IV)-oxo porphyrins [FeIV (Por)O] (Por = poprhyrin), commonly called compound II models, were produced in three electron-deficient ligands by visible light irradiation of highly photo-labile porphyrin-iron(III) bromates or chlorates. The kinetics of oxygen transfer atom (OAT) reactions with aryl sulfides by these photo-generated [FeIV (Por)O] (3) were studied in CH3 CN solutions. The iron(IV)-oxo porphyrins under study include 5,10,15,20-tetra(2,6-dichlorophenyl)porphyrin-iron(IV)-oxo (3a), 5,10,15,20-tetra(2,6-difluorophenyl)porphyrin-iron(IV)-oxo (3b), and 5,10,15,20-tetra(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrin-iron(IV)-oxo (3c)...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
William M Palin, Julian G Leprince, Mohammed A Hadis
Spatial and temporal control is a key advantage for placement and rapid setting of light-activated resin composites. Conventionally, placement of multiple thin layers (<2mm) reduces the effect of light attenuation through highly filled and pigmented materials to increase polymerisation at the base of the restoration. However, and although light curing greater than 2mm thick layers is not an entirely new phenomenon, the desire amongst dental practitioners for even more rapid processing in deep cavities has led to the growing acceptance of so-called "bulk fill" (4-6mm thick) resin composites that are irradiated for 10-20s in daily clinical practice...
March 14, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Thomas Blommel, Alexander J Wagner
We examine a new kind of lattice gas that closely resembles modern lattice Boltzmann methods. This new kind of lattice gas, which we call a Monte Carlo lattice gas, has interesting properties that shed light on the origin of the multirelaxation time collision operator, and it derives the equilibrium distribution for an entropic lattice Boltzmann. Furthermore these lattice gas methods have Galilean invariant fluctuations given by a Poisson statistics, giving further insight into the properties that we should expect for fluctuating lattice Boltzmann methods...
February 2018: Physical Review. E
Justin M Curley, Coleen Crouch, Joshua E Wilk
Introduction: Medical readiness for deployment is arguably the most important component of personnel readiness in the U.S. Army. Administrative documents called profiles provide individualized medical recommendations to the commander regarding how to best provide for a soldier's health and welfare, and contribute to an aggregated enumeration of a unit's overall readiness to deploy. Profiles that convey behavioral health (BH) limitations thus reflect what can be called the "behavioral health readiness" of the force...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Pavani Rangachari
In 1999, the Institute of Medicine reported that 98,000 people die each year due to medical errors. In the following years, the focus on hospital quality was intensified nationally, with policymakers providing evidence-based practice guidelines for improving health care quality. However, these innovations (evidence-based guidelines) that were being produced at policy levels were not translating to clinical practice at the hospital organizational level easily, and stark variations continued to persist, in the quality of health care...
2018: Innov Entrep Health
Thomas Stephan Hiller, Antje Freytag, Jörg Breitbart, Tobias Teismann, Elisabeth Schöne, Wolfgang Blank, Mercedes Schelle, Horst Christian Vollmar, Jürgen Margraf, Jochen Gensichen
BACKGROUND: Behavior therapy-oriented methods are recommended for treating anxiety disorders in primary care. The treatment of patients with long-term conditions can be improved by case management and structured clinical monitoring. The present paper describes the rationale, design and application of the 'Jena Anxiety Monitoring List' (JAMoL), a monitoring tool for the treatment of patients with panic disorder, with or without agoraphobia, in primary care. METHODS: JAMoL's design was based on established clinical measures, the rationale of exposure-based anxiety treatment, and research on family practice-based case management...
March 12, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
Jeroen Gielen, Wietse Wiels, Jeroen Van Schependom, Jorne Laton, Wim Van Hecke, Paul M Parizel, Marie Beatrice D'hooghe, Guy Nagels
INTRODUCTION: The paced serial addition test (PSAT) is regularly used to assess cognitive deficits in various neuropsychiatric conditions. Being a complex test, it reflects the status of multiple cognitive domains such as working memory, information processing speed and executive functioning. Two versions of the PSAT exist. One uses auditory stimuli through spoken numbers and is known as the PASAT, while the other one presents patients with visual stimuli and is called PVSAT. The PASAT is considered more frustrating by patients, and hence the visual version is usually preferred...
2018: PloS One
Julia N Bailey, Laurence de Nijs, Dongsheng Bai, Toshimitsu Suzuki, Hiroyuki Miyamoto, Miyabi Tanaka, Christopher Patterson, Yu-Chen Lin, Marco T Medina, María E Alonso, José M Serratosa, Reyna M Durón, Viet H Nguyen, Jenny E Wight, Iris E Martínez-Juárez, Adriana Ochoa, Aurelio Jara-Prado, Laura Guilhoto, Yolly Molina, Elsa M Yacubian, Minerva López-Ruiz, Yushi Inoue, Sunao Kaneko, Shinichi Hirose, Makiko Osawa, Hirokazu Oguni, Shinji Fujimoto, Thierry M Grisar, John M Stern, Kazuhiro Yamakawa, Bernard Lakaye, Antonio V Delgado-Escueta
BACKGROUND: In juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, data are limited on the genetic basis of networks promoting convulsions with diffuse polyspikes on electroencephalography (EEG) and the subtle microscopic brain dysplasia called microdysgenesis. METHODS: Using Sanger sequencing, we sequenced the exomes of six members of a large family affected with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy and confirmed cosegregation in all 37 family members. We screened an additional 310 patients with this disorder for variants on DNA melting-curve analysis and targeted real-time DNA sequencing of the gene encoding intestinal-cell kinase ( ICK)...
March 15, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
Yuya Otsuka, Toshinori Sato
The structures and amounts of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) produced by cells have attracted much interest because GAG biosynthesis activity can change in cellular processes such as disease and differentiation. β-Xylosides, also called saccharide primers, have been used as artificial acceptors not only to generate GAG oligosaccharides in cells and tissues but also to investigate their biosynthetic pathways. Various analytical methods have been applied to confirm the structure and amounts of GAG oligosaccharides elongated using saccharide primers, yet sample preparation processes such as solid-phase-extraction in analysis can cause experimental error and disrupt accurate comparative quantification of glycosylated products...
March 13, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Jakapan Chantana, Takuya Kato, Hiroki Sugimoto, Takashi Minemoto
Development of Cd-free Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)2 (CIGSSe)-based thin-film solar cells fabricated by all dry process is significantly intriguing to minimize optical loss at a wavelength shorter than 520 nm owing to absorption of CdS buffer layer and to be easily integrated into an in-line process for cost reduction. Cd-free CIGSSe solar cells are therefore prepared by the dry process with a structure of Zn0.9 Mg0.1 O:Al/Zn0.8 Mg0.2 O/CIGSSe/Mo/Glass. It is demonstrated that Zn0.8 Mg0.2 O and Zn0.9 Mg0.1 O:Al are appropriate as buffer and transparent conductive oxide layers with large optical band-gap energy values of 3...
March 13, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Anne-Marie Garnerone, Fernando Sorroche, Lan Zou, Céline Mathieu-Demazière, Chang Fu Tian, Catherine Masson-Boivin, Jacques Batut
An ongoing signal exchange fine-tunes the symbiotic interaction between rhizobia and legumes, ensuring the establishment and maintenance of mutualism. In a recently identified regulatory loop, endosymbiotic S. meliloti exert a negative feedback on root infection in response to unknown plant cues. Upon signal perception, three bacterial Adenylate Cyclases (ACs) of the inner membrane, CyaD1, CyaD2 and CyaK, synthesize the second messenger cAMP that, together with the cAMP-dependent Clr transcriptional activator, activates the expression of genes involved in root infection control...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Xiaotian Zhang, Jiteng Sheng, Haibin Wu
We explore theoretically the optomechanical interaction between a light field and a mechanical mode mediated by a Kerr nonlinear medium inside a Fabry-Perot cavity. When the system is driven by a strong and fast amplitude-modulated light field, i.e., in the so-called temporal rocking region, the cavity field and the mechanical oscillator show the characteristics of multistability. The rocking breaks down the continuous phase symmetry of the cavity field to a bistable case of two equivalent states with exact π phase difference...
March 5, 2018: Optics Express
Yalan Rui, Bo Pang, Jinnan Zhang, Yuxi Liu, Huixin Hu, Zicun Liu, Sarah Ama Baidoo, Chang Liu, Yu Zhao, Siwen Li
A polyelectrolyte microcapsule-based layer-by-layer (LbL) technique has been widely used as a multifunctional vehicle for combined tumor therapy. Meanwhile, with the rapid development of combined tumour therapy, the challenge for designing multifunctional drug delivery system has attracted much more attention. Herein, we developed a new type of microcapsule (MC) system called MPA@siRNA@DOX@MC, which conjugated with siRNA and DOX as well as ICG-Der-02 (MPA) by electrostatic absorption. MPA as indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence dye, exhibiting high fluorescence emission and photothermal conversion ability under NIR laser irradiation, was uploaded onto this drug system for realizing the controllable drug release and cancer theranostics...
March 11, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Mónica Herrero-Huerta, Roderik Lindenbergh, Wolfgang Gard
Plant leaf movement is induced by some combination of different external and internal stimuli. Detailed geometric characterization of such movement is expected to improve understanding of these mechanisms. A metric high-quality, non-invasive and innovative sensor system to analyze plant movement is Terrestrial LiDAR (TLiDAR). This technique has an active sensor and is, therefore, independent of light conditions, able to obtain accurate high spatial and temporal resolution point clouds. In this study, a movement parameterization approach of leaf plants based on TLiDAR is introduced...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Anna Lubkowska, Aleksandra Radecka, Iwona Bryczkowska, Iwona Rotter, Maria Laszczyńska, Beata Karakiewicz
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic effects of visible light and infrared is especially often used in physiotherapy. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exposure to radiation on the motor units activity. METHODS: The study included 29 volunteers whom was evaluated the spontaneous and voluntary bioelectric activity of the trapezius muscle using surface electromyography (value of average amplitude and frequency), before and immediately after a 15-minute irradiation...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Vijayaraghavan Rangachari, Dexter N Dean, Pratip Rana, Ashwin Vaidya, Preetam Ghosh
Self-templating propagation of protein aggregate conformations is increasingly becoming a significant factor in many neurological diseases. In Alzheimer disease (AD), intrinsically disordered amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides undergo aggregation that is sensitive to environmental conditions. High-molecular weight aggregates of Aβ that form insoluble fibrils are deposited as senile plaques in AD brains. However, low-molecular weight aggregates called soluble oligomers are known to be the primary toxic agents responsible for neuronal dysfunction...
March 8, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Alison Kitson, Alan Brook, Gill Harvey, Zoe Jordan, Rhianon Marshall, Rebekah O'Shea, David Wilson
Many representations of the movement of healthcare knowledge through society exist, and multiple models for the translation of evidence into policy and practice have been articulated. Most are linear or cyclical and very few come close to reflecting the dense and intricate relationships, systems and politics of organizations and the processes required to enact sustainable improvements. We illustrate how using complexity and network concepts can better inform knowledge translation (KT) and argue that changing the way we think and talk about KT could enhance the creation and movement of knowledge throughout those systems needing to develop and utilise it...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"