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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151061/evolution-of-sanitary-epidemiological-services-in-poland-in-the-years-1944-2014
#1
Marek L Grabowski, Bożena Kosińska, Józef P Knap
This paper presents the history of sanitary-epidemiological services in the context of the health, economic and socio-political situation in Poland in the years 1944-2014, with a critical analysis of legal restraints, efficiency and achievements. Polish Sanitary Services, established in 1919, as a state service, have preserved for more than 95 years (also during World War II and the occupation) the continuity of its structures and essential objectives to enable their implementation in the field of public health protection...
November 8, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150915/epidemiology-of-rhdv2-lagovirus-europaeus-gi-2-in-free-living-wild-european-rabbits-in-portugal
#2
C Rouco, J Abrantes, A Serronha, A M Lopes, E Maio, M J Magalhães, E Blanco, J Bárcena, P J Esteves, N Santos, P C Alves, P Monterroso
As the detection of the first outbreak of a novel aetiological agent of rabbit haemorrhagic disease commonly called RHDV2 or RHDVb (Lagovirus europaeus/GI.2, henceforth GI.2) in France in 2010, the virus rapidly spread throughout continental Europe and nearby islands such as Great Britain, Sardinia, Sicily, the Azores and the Canary Islands among others. The outbreaks of this new lagovirus cause important economic losses in rabbitries, and ecological disruptions by affecting the conservation of rabbit-sensitive top predators...
November 17, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150148/-family-socioeconomic-status-and-health-services-clues-to-health-care-in-diabetic-patients-with-lower-limb-amputations-in-andalusia-a-qualitative-study
#3
Gabriel Jesús Rodríguez, Juan Antonio Córdoba-Doña, Antonio Escolar-Pujolar, Manuel Aguilar-Diosdado, Isabel Goicolea
AIM: To examine the experience of diabetic care in patients undergoing lower limb amputation. DESIGN: A qualitative study using the phenomenological approach. SETTING: Cadiz Health District. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 16 patients (11 men and 5 women) diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 2 and with non-traumatic lower limb amputation. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were performed, followed by a content analysis according Graneheim and Lundman...
November 14, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150138/new-hybrid-adsorbent-based-on-porphyrin-functionalized-silica-for-heavy-metals-removal-synthesis-characterization-isotherms-kinetics-and-thermodynamics-studies
#4
Smaail Radi, Chahrazad El Abiad, Nuno M M Moura, Maria A F Faustino, M Graça P M S Neves
The pollution of water resources due to the disposal of toxic heavy metals has been a growing global concern for the last decades. For this purpose, the search for effective and economic material based adsorbents is required, due to the efficiency of the process. In this work, a novel inorganic-organic hybrid material based on silica chemically modified with a porphyrin (SiNTPP), with a high metal removal efficiency, was developed. The new material was characterized using a set of suitable techniques such as (13)C NMR of the solid state, elemental analysis, FTIR, nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherm, BET surface area, BJH pore sizes and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149882/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-the-introduction-of-s-1-therapy-for-first-line-metastatic-breast-cancer-treatment-in-japan-results-from-the-randomized-phase-iii-select-bc-trial
#5
Takeru Shiroiwa, Takashi Fukuda, Kojiro Shimozuma, Mitsuko Mouri, Yasuhiro Hagiwara, Takuya Kawahara, Shozo Ohsumi, Yasuo Hozumi, Yoshiaki Sagara, Yasuo Ohashi, Hirofumi Mukai
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of replacing standard intravenous therapy (taxane) with oral S-1 therapy for first-line metastatic breast cancer treatment. METHODS: This cost-effectiveness analysis was based on data from a randomized phase III trial (SELECT BC). As cost-effectiveness was a secondary endpoint of the SELECT BC trial, some of the randomized patients participated in an EQ-5D survey (N = 391) and health economic survey (N = 146)...
November 17, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149627/a-simple-and-sensitive-two-tube-multiplex-pcr-assay-for-simultaneous-detection-of-ten-meat-species
#6
Olga V Prusakova, Xenia A Glukhova, Gaida V Afanas'eva, Yulia A Trizna, Ludmila F Nazarova, Igor P Beletsky
A sensitive and reliable technique for meat species identification is required to prevent food adulteration, particularly in meat production. This work developed an optimized multiplex PCR assay for simultaneous identification of five commonly consumed and five commonly banned meat species in meat products. We designed primers that specifically amplified mitochondrial ATPase subunit 8 gene regions of different lengths of bovine, ovine, swine, chicken, turkey, cat, dog, mouse and human DNAs. The developed multiplex PCR assay proved to be specific, sensitive down to 30pg DNA per reaction, reproducible and economical...
October 26, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149309/a-comparable-yardstick-adjusting-for-education-bias-in-south-african-health-system-responsiveness-ratings
#7
Laura Rossouw, Anja Smith
Health-system responsiveness (HSR) measures the experience of health-system users in terms of the non-clinical aspects of the health system. This has been operationalized as a measurable construct in multiple surveys and studies. According to the literature, reporting behaviour may vary systematically across socio-demographic characteristics. In this study we explore the association between education levels and reporting behaviour in terms of HSR in South Africa using data from the World Health Organization Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health for South Africa (WHO SAGE) conducted in 2007 and 2008...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148355/vertical-integration-of-hospitals-and-physicians-economic-theory-and-empirical-evidence-on-spending-and-quality
#8
Brady Post, Tom Buchmueller, Andrew M Ryan
Hospital-physician vertical integration is on the rise. While increased efficiencies may be possible, emerging research raises concerns about anticompetitive behavior, spending increases, and uncertain effects on quality. In this review, we bring together several of the key theories of vertical integration that exist in the neoclassical and institutional economics literatures and apply these theories to the hospital-physician relationship. We also conduct a literature review of the effects of vertical integration on prices, spending, and quality in the growing body of evidence ( n = 15) to evaluate which of these frameworks have the strongest empirical support...
August 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147496/markov-chain-based-acute-effect-estimation-of-air-pollution-on-elder-asthma-hospitalization
#9
Li Luo, Fengyi Zhang, Wei Zhang, Lin Sun, Chunyang Li, Debin Huang, Gao Han, Bin Wang
Background: Asthma caused substantial economic and health care burden and is susceptible to air pollution. Particularly, when it comes to elder asthma patient (older than 65), the phenomenon is more significant. The aim of this study is to investigate the Markov-based acute effects of air pollution on elder asthma hospitalizations, in forms of transition probabilities. Methods: A retrospective, population-based study design was used to assess temporal patterns in hospitalizations for asthma in a region of Sichuan province, China...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147166/a-cost-utility-analysis-of-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-for-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#10
Yutaka Takayama
Objective: To assess medical economic adequacy of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Methods: Cost-utility analysis. A total of 21 patients with AAA treated at Ibaraki Prefectural Central Hospital in 2014 were divided into non-ruptured EVAR (Group E) and open surgery (OS) (Group O), and ruptured OS (Group R) groups, and hospital costs were aggregated with a medical accounting system. Mid-level hospital costs were estimated by a diagnosis-procedure-combination analysis system...
September 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146380/inclusion-of-the-value-of-herd-immunity-in-economic-evaluations-of-vaccines-a-systematic-review-of-methods-used
#11
REVIEW
Liv S Nymark, Tarang Sharma, Alexander Miller, Ulrika Enemark, Ulla Kou Griffiths
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this review were to identify vaccine economic evaluations that include herd immunity and describe the methodological approaches used. METHODS: We used Kim and Goldie's search strategy from a systematic review (1976-2007) of modelling approaches used in vaccine economic evaluations and additionally searched PubMed/MEDLINE and Embase for 2007-2015. Studies were classified according to modelling approach used. Methods for estimating herd immunity effects were described, in particular for the static models...
November 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145934/economic-evaluations-on-antimicrobial-stewardship-programme-a-systematic-review
#12
Nor Haizan Ibrahim, Khalidah Maruan, Hasryn Azzuar Mohd Khairy, Yet Hoi Hong, Ahmad Fauzi Dali, Chin Fen Neoh
PURPOSE: To systematically review studies on cost-effectiveness of implementing Antimicrobial stewardship programmes (ASP) in the hospital setting. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using electronic databases, such as EMBASE, PubMed/Medline, CINAHL, NHS and CEA Registry from 2000 until 2017. The quality of each included study was assessed using Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist for Economic Evaluations and Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards Statement checklist...
2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145815/illness-recognition-and-care-seeking-for-maternal-complications-of-pregnancy-and-birth-in-rural-amhara-and-oromia-regional-states-of-ethiopia
#13
Lynn Sibley, Yared Amare
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has made steady progress in improving maternal health over the decade, yet mortality remains high. The Maternal and Newborn Health in Ethiopia Partnership (MaNHEP) was a 3.5-year project aimed at developing a community-oriented model to improve maternal and newborn survival in rural Ethiopia. Two years after the project ended, we carried out a case study to explore illness recognition and care seeking for complications of pregnancy and childbirth in the project area...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145746/clinical-efficacy-and-economic-evaluation-of-online-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-major-depressive-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Elayne Ahern, Stephen Kinsella, Maria Semkovska
Leading cause of disability worldwide, depression is the most prevalent mental disorder with growing societal costs. As mental health services demand often outweighs provision, accessible treatment options are needed. Our systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the clinical efficacy and economic evidence for the use of online cognitive behavioral therapy (oCBT), as an accessible treatment solution for depression. Areas covered: Electronic databases were searched for controlled trials published between 2006 and 2016...
November 17, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145025/coupling-of-on-column-trypsin-digestion-peptide-mapping-and-principal-component-analysis-for-stability-and-biosimilarity-assessment-of-recombinant-human-growth-hormone
#15
Sara M Shatat, Basma M Eltanany, Abeer A Mohamed, Medhat A Al-Ghobashy, Faten A Fathalla, Samah S Abbas
Peptide mapping (PM) is a vital technique in biopharmaceutical industry. The fingerprint obtained helps to qualitatively confirm host stability as well as verify primary structure, purity and integrity of the target protein. Yet, in-solution digestion followed by tandem mass spectrometry is not suitable as a routine quality control test. It is time consuming and requires sophisticated, expensive instruments and highly skilled operators. In an attempt to enhance the fuctionality of PM and extract multi-dimentional data about various critical quality attributes and comparability of biosimilars, coupling of PM generated using immobilized trypsin followed by HPLC-UV to principal component analysis (PCA) is proposed...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144720/cost-effectiveness-of-gammacore-non-invasive-vagus-nerve-stimulation-for-acute-treatment-of-episodic-cluster-headache
#16
Mkaya Mwamburi, Eric J Liebler, Andrew T Tenaglia
Cluster headache is a debilitating disease characterized by excruciatingly painful attacks that affects 0.15% to 0.4% of the US population. Episodic cluster headache manifests as circadian and circannual seasonal bouts of attacks, each lasting 15 to 180 minutes, with periods of remission. In chronic cluster headache, the attacks occur throughout the year with no periods of remission. While existing treatments are effective for some patients, many patients continue to suffer. There are only 2 FDA-approved medications for episodic cluster headache in the United States, while others, such as high-flow oxygen, are used off-label...
November 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144535/a-health-economic-outcome-evaluation-of-an-internet-based-mobile-supported-stress-management-intervention-for-employees
#17
David Daniel Ebert, Fanny Kählke, Claudia Buntrock, Matthias Berking, Filip Smit, Elena Heber, Harald Baumeister, Burkhardt Funk, Heleen Riper, Dirk Lehr
Objective This study aimed to estimate and evaluate the cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of a guided internet- and mobile-supported occupational stress-management intervention (iSMI) for employees from the employer's perspective alongside a randomized controlled trial. Methods A sample of 264 employees with elevated symptoms of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale, PSS-10 ≥22) was randomly assigned either to the iSMI or a waitlist control (WLC) group with unrestricted access to treatment as usual. The iSMI consisted of seven sessions of problem-solving and emotion-regulation techniques and one booster session...
November 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144300/enhancing-dewaterability-of-waste-activated-sludge-by-combined-oxidative-conditioning-process-with-zero-valent-iron-and-peroxymonosulfate
#18
Xu Zhou, Wenbiao Jin, Hongyi Chen, Chuan Chen, Songfang Han, Renjie Tu, Wei Wei, Shu-Hong Gao, Guo-Jun Xie, Qilin Wang
The enhancement of sludge dewaterability is of great importance for facilitating the sludge disposal during the operation of wastewater treatment plants. In this study, a novel oxidative conditioning approach was applied to enhance the dewaterability of waste activated sludge by the combination of zero-valent iron (ZVI) and peroxymonosulfate (PMS). It was found that the dewaterability of sludge was significantly improved after the addition of ZVI (0-4 g/g TSS) (TSS: total suspended solids) and PMS (0-1 g/g TSS)...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144284/integrated-assessment-and-scenarios-simulation-of-urban-water-security-system-in-the-southwest-of-china-with-system-dynamics-analysis
#19
Su Yin, Guan Dongjie, Su Weici, Gao Weijun
The demand for global freshwater is growing, while global freshwater available for human use is limited within a certain time and space. Its security has significant impacts on both the socio-economic system and ecological system. Recently, studies have focused on the urban water security system (UWSS) in terms of either water quantity or water quality. In this study, water resources, water environment, and water disaster issues in the UWSS were combined to establish an evaluation index system with system dynamics (SD) and geographic information systems (GIS)...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143932/forecasting-carbon-dioxide-emissions-based-on-a-hybrid-of-mixed-data-sampling-regression-model-and-back-propagation-neural-network-in-the-usa
#20
Xin Zhao, Meng Han, Lili Ding, Adrian Cantemir Calin
The accurate forecast of carbon dioxide emissions is critical for policy makers to take proper measures to establish a low carbon society. This paper discusses a hybrid of the mixed data sampling (MIDAS) regression model and BP (back propagation) neural network (MIDAS-BP model) to forecast carbon dioxide emissions. Such analysis uses mixed frequency data to study the effects of quarterly economic growth on annual carbon dioxide emissions. The forecasting ability of MIDAS-BP is remarkably better than MIDAS, ordinary least square (OLS), polynomial distributed lags (PDL), autoregressive distributed lags (ADL), and auto-regressive moving average (ARMA) models...
November 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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