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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793160/water-footprint-characteristic-of-less-developed-water-rich-regions-case-of-yunnan-china
#1
Yiying Qian, Huijuan Dong, Yong Geng, Shaozhuo Zhong, Xu Tian, Yanhong Yu, Yihui Chen, Dana Avery Moss
Rapid industrialization and urbanization pose pressure on water resources in China. Virtual water trade proves to be an increasingly useful tool in water stress alleviation for water-scarce regions, while bringing opportunities and challenges for less developed water-rich regions. In this study, Yunnan, a typical province in southwest China, was selected as the case study area to explore its potential in socio-economic development in the context of water sustainability. Both input-output analysis and structural decomposition analysis on Yunnan's water footprint for the period of 2002-2012 were performed at not only an aggregated level but also a sectoral level...
March 30, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793140/effectiveness-of-a-voluntary-family-befriending-service-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-using-the-donabedian-model
#2
S V Gentry, E F J Powers, N Azim, M Maidrag
OBJECTIVES: Voluntary befriending schemes operate in many countries, promoting public health by supporting vulnerable individuals and families. Use of third sector and voluntary services to complement health and social care provision is increasingly important globally in the context of economic and demographic challenges, but the evidence base around such collaborations is limited. This article reports the results of operational evaluation research seeking to use robust routine work to generate transferable findings for use by those commissioning and providing services...
May 21, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792923/high-throughput-sequencing-identifies-chilling-responsive-genes-in-sweetpotato-ipomoea-batatas-lam-during-storage
#3
Zeyi Xie, Zhilin Zhou, Hongmin Li, Jingjing Yu, Jiaojiao Jiang, Zhonghou Tang, Daifu Ma, Baohong Zhang, Yonghua Han, Zongyun Li
Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L.) is a globally important economic food crop. It belongs to Convolvulaceae family and origins in the tropics; however, sweetpotato is sensitive to cold stress during storage. In this study, we performed transcriptome sequencing to investigate the sweetpotato response to chilling stress during storage. A total of 110,110 unigenes were generated via high-throughput sequencing. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) analysis showed that 18,681 genes were up-regulated and 21,983 genes were down-regulated in low temperature condition...
May 21, 2018: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792224/health-technology-assessment-of-public-health-interventions-an-analysis-of-characteristics-and-comparison-of-methods-study-protocol
#4
Tim Mathes, Gerald Willms, Stephanie Polus, Constance Stegbauer, Melanie Messer, Corinna Klingler, Heidi Ehrenreich, Dea Niebuhr, Georg Marckmann, Ansgar Gerhardus, Dawid Pieper
BACKGROUND: Conducting a health technology assessment (HTA) of public health interventions (PHIs) poses some challenges. PHIs are often complex interventions, which affect the number and degree of interactions of the aspects to be assessed. Randomized controlled trials on PHIs are rare as they are difficult to conduct because of ethical or feasibility issues. The aim of this study is to provide an overview of the methodological characteristics and to compare the applied assessment methods in HTAs on PHIs...
May 23, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791905/disparities-in-chronic-kidney-disease-prevalence-among-males-and-females-in-195-countries-analysis-of-the-global-burden-of-disease-2016-study
#5
Boris Bikbov, Norberto Perico, Giuseppe Remuzzi
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) imposes a substantial burden on health care systems. There are some especially vulnerable groups with a high CKD burden, one of which is women. We performed an analysis of gender disparities in the prevalence of all CKD stages and renal replacement therapy (defined as impaired kidney function [IKF]) in 195 countries. METHODS: We used estimates produced by the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2016 revision using a Bayesian-regression analytic tool, DisMoD-MR 2...
May 23, 2018: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791615/health-literacy-and-self-rated-health-in-adults-primary-care-patients
#6
Suzana Raquel Lopes Marques, Andrezza Gonzalez Escarce, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Purpose To verify the association between health literacy, social determinants and self-rated health in adult's primary health care patients. Methods this is an Observational cross-sectional study in which a total of 380 patients of the Unified Health System in the context of primary health care were interviewed. The sample was probabilistic, stratified by gender, age, and Basic Health Unit. Health literacy was evaluated by an instrument of analysis of the perception of adults about the understanding of health orientations and possible difficulties in this process (Health Literacy Scale)...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791484/combining-r-gene-and-quantitative-resistance-increases-effectiveness-of-cultivar-resistance-against-leptosphaeria-maculans-in-brassica-napus-in-different-environments
#7
Yong-Ju Huang, Georgia K Mitrousia, Siti Nordahliawate M Sidique, Aiming Qi, Bruce D L Fitt
Using cultivar resistance against pathogens is one of the most economical and environmentally friendly methods for control of crop diseases. However, cultivar resistance can be easily rendered ineffective due to changes in pathogen populations or environments. To test the hypothesis that combining R gene-mediated resistance and quantitative resistance (QR) in one cultivar can provide more effective resistance than use of either type of resistance on its own, effectiveness of resistance in eight oilseed rape (Brassica napus) cultivars with different R genes and/or QR against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) was investigated in 13 different environments/sites over three growing seasons (2010/2011, 2011/2012 and 2012/2013)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791441/the-impact-of-young-maternal-age-at-birth-on-neonatal-mortality-evidence-from-45-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Sarah Neal, Andrew Amos Channon, Jesman Chintsanya
OBJECTIVES: This study explores the impact of early motherhood on neonatal mortality, and how this differs between countries and regions. It assesses whether the risk of neonatal mortality is greater for younger adolescent mothers compared with mothers in later adolescence, and explores if differences reflect confounding socio-economic and health care utilisation factors. It also examines how the risks differ for first or subsequent pregnancies. METHODS: The analysis uses 64 Demographic and Health Surveys collected between 2005 and 2015 from 45 countries to explore the relationship between adolescent motherhood (disaggregated as <16 years, 16/17 years and 18/19 years) and neonatal mortality...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791002/optimizing-stadium-evacuation-by-integrating-geocomputation-and-affordance-theory
#9
Joslyn Zale, Bandana Kar, David Cochran
Football is culturally and economically important in the United States, and football stadiums are part of the country's critical infrastructure, thus receiving government protection against hazard events. In this project, an agent-based evacuation model was implemented to optimize evacuation time from The University of Southern Mississippi's M.M. Roberts Stadium (football) by accounting for evacuees' age, gender, physical fitness, alcohol consumption, and prior experience with hazard events. The findings revealed that (i) the age and gender of an individual impact his/her locomotion speed and (ii) evacuation route choice is influenced by evacuees' perception of its safety and effectiveness...
March 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790996/dna-methylation-and-inflammation-marker-profiles-associated-with-a-history-of-depression
#10
Bethany Crawford, Zoe Craig, Georgina Mansell, Isobel White, Adam Smith, Steve Spaull, Jennifer Imm, Eilis Hannon, Andrew Wood, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Yingjie Ji, Niamh Mullins, Cathryn M Lewis, Jonathan Mill, Therese M Murphy
Depression is a common and disabling disorder, representing a major social and economic health issue. Moreover, depression is associated with the progression of diseases with an inflammatory etiology including many inflammatory-related disorders. At the molecular level, the mechanisms by which depression might promote the onset of these diseases and associated immune-dysfunction are not well understood. In this study we assessed genome-wide patterns of DNA methylation in whole blood-derived DNA obtained from individuals with a self-reported history of depression (n = 100) and individuals without a history of depression (n = 100) using the Illumina 450K microarray...
May 22, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790589/genotype-phenotype-correlation-of-hereditary-erythrocytosis-mutations-a-single-center-experience
#11
Jennifer L Oliveira, Lea M Coon, Lori A Frederick, Molly Hein, Kenneth C Swanson, Michelle E Savedra, Tavanna R Porter, Mrinal M Patnaik, Ayalew Tefferi, Animesh Pardanani, Stefan K Grebe, David S Viswanatha, James D Hoyer
Hereditary erythrocytosis is associated with high oxygen affinity hemoglobin variants (HOAs), 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate deficiency and abnormalities in EPOR and the oxygen-sensing pathway proteins PHD, HIF2α, and VHL. Our laboratory has 40 years of experience with hemoglobin disorder testing and we have characterized HOAs using varied protein and molecular techniques including functional assessment by p50 analysis. In addition, we have more recently commenced adding the assessment of clinically relevant regions of the VHL, BPGM, EPOR, EGLN1 (PHD2), and EPAS1 (HIF2A) genes in a more comprehensive hereditary erythrocytosis panel of tests...
May 23, 2018: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790448/enhancing-outpatient-appointment-scheduling-system-performance-when-patient-no-show-percent-and-lateness-rates-are-high
#12
Mahmoud Barghash, Hanan Saleet
Purpose High lateness and no-show percentages pose great challenges on the patient scheduling process. Usually this is addressed by optimizing the time between patients in the scheduling process and the percent of extra patients scheduled to account for absent patients. However, since the patient no-show and lateness is highly stochastic we might end up with many patients showing up on time which leads to crowded clinics and high waiting times. The clinic might end up as well with low utilization of the doctor time...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790444/data-envelopment-analysis-for-estimating-efficiency-of-intensive-care-units-a-case-study-in-iran
#13
Mohammad Amin Bahrami, Sima Rafiei, Mahdieh Abedi, Roohollah Askari
Purpose As hospitals are the most costly service providers in every healthcare systems, special attention should be given to their performance in terms of resource allocation and consumption. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate technical, allocative and economic efficiency in intensive care units (ICUs) of hospitals affiliated by Yazd University of Medical Sciences (YUMS) in 2015. Design/methodology/approach This was a descriptive, analytical study conducted in ICUs of seven training hospitals affiliated by YUMS using data envelopment analysis (DEA) in 2015...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790273/serological-cultural-and-molecular-evidence-of-brucella-melitensis-infection-in-goats-in-al-jabal-al-akhdar-sultanate-of-oman
#14
Yasmin ElTahir, Al Ghalya Al Toobi, Waleed Al-Marzooqi, Osman Mahgoub, Maryne Jay, Yannick Corde, Hadi Al Lawati, Shekar Bose, Abeer Al Hamrashdi, Kaadhia Al Kharousi, Nasseb Al-Saqri, Rudaina Al Busaidi, Eugene H Johnson
Brucellosis, one of the most common zoonotic diseases and has significant public health and economic importance worldwide. Few studies and reports have been performed to estimate the true prevalence of animal brucellosis in the Sultanate of Oman; however, no incidence of the disease was previously reported in Al Jabal Al Akhdar. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of brucellosis in goats in eight villages in Al Jebal Al Akhdar, Sultanate of Oman, namely: Al Aqaieb, Al Helailat, Al Ghilayil, Hail Al Hedap, Da'an Al Hamra, Shnoot, Al Qasha'e and Al Sarah, Al Jabal Al Akhdar in the Sultanate of Oman...
May 23, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790053/innovative-sludge-pretreatment-technology-for-impurity-separation-using-micromesh
#15
Xiaojie Mei, Xiaomeng Han, Lili Zang, Zhichao Wu
In order to reduce the impacts on sludge treatment facilities caused by impurities such as fibers, hairs, plastic debris, and coarse sand, an innovative primary sludge pretreatment technology, sludge impurity separator (SIS), was proposed in this study. Non-woven micromesh with pore size of 0.40 mm was used to remove the impurities from primary sludge. Results of lab-scale tests showed that impurity concentration, aeration intensity, and channel gap were the key operation parameters, of which the optimized values were below 25 g/L, 0...
May 23, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789708/combined-genotyping-microbial-diversity-and-metabolite-profiling-studies-on-farmed-mytilus-spp-from-kiel-fjord
#16
Caroline Utermann, Delphine Parrot, Corinna Breusing, Heiko Stuckas, Tim Staufenberger, Martina Blümel, Antje Labes, Deniz Tasdemir
The blue mussel Mytilus is a popular food source with high economical value. Species of the M. edulis complex (M. edulis, M. galloprovincialis and M. trossulus) hybridise whenever their geographic ranges overlap posing difficulties to species discrimination, which is important for blue mussel aquaculture. The aim of this study was to determine the genetic structure of farmed blue mussels in Kiel Fjord. Microbial and metabolic profile patterns were studied to investigate a possible dependency on the genotype of the bivalves...
May 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789586/paddy-upland-rotation-for-sustainable-agriculture-with-regards-to-diverse-soil-microbial-community
#17
Ping-Fu Hou, Chia-Hung Chien, Yi-Fan Chiang-Hsieh, Kuan-Chieh Tseng, Chi-Nga Chow, Hao-Jen Huang, Wen-Chi Chang
Diverse soil microbial community is determinant for sustainable agriculture. Rich microbial diversity has presumably improved soil health for economic crops to grow. In this work, the benefits of paddy-upland rotation on soil microbial diversity and specific microbes are thus intensively explored. The microbiome from multiple factor experiment (three fertilizations coupled with two rotation systems) were investigated by novel enrichment and co-occurrence analysis in a field well maintained for 25 years. Using next-generation sequencing technique, we firstly present explicit evidence that different rotation systems rather than fertilizations mightily governed the soil microbiome...
May 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789185/variation-in-post-thaw-sperm-quality-of-white-tailed-deer-bucks-odocoileus-virginianus-during-rut
#18
Jamie L Stewart, Clifford F Shipley, Robyn E Ellerbrock, Fabio S Lima, Igor F Canisso
White-tailed deer farming is a growing industry in the United States, with breeding operations contributing significantly to the industry's economic impact. Artificial insemination with frozen semen allows for selection and dissemination of valuable genetics, yet surprisingly little is known regarding the best time throughout rut to perform semen cryopreservation. The objective of this study was to compare semen quality following cryopreservation of white-tailed deer bucks collected early in the breeding season (September, n = 6), at peak rut (December, n = 8), and late season (March, n = 7)...
May 19, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789019/adolescents-perceptions-and-experiences-of-pregnancy-in-refugee-and-migrant-communities-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border-a-qualitative-study
#19
Carine Asnong, Gracia Fellmeth, Emma Plugge, Nan San Wai, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Moo Kho Paw, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy remains a global health concern, contributing to 11% of all births worldwide and 23% of the overall burden of disease in girls aged 15-19 years. Premature motherhood can create a negative cycle of adverse health, economic and social outcomes for young women, their babies and families. Refugee and migrant adolescent girls might be particularly at risk due to poverty, poor education and health infrastructure, early marriage, limited access to contraception and traditional beliefs...
May 22, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788921/signatures-of-host-specialization-and-a-recent-transposable-element-burst-in-the-dynamic-one-speed-genome-of-the-fungal-barley-powdery-mildew-pathogen
#20
Lamprinos Frantzeskakis, Barbara Kracher, Stefan Kusch, Makoto Yoshikawa-Maekawa, Saskia Bauer, Carsten Pedersen, Pietro D Spanu, Takaki Maekawa, Paul Schulze-Lefert, Ralph Panstruga
BACKGROUND: Powdery mildews are biotrophic pathogenic fungi infecting a number of economically important plants. The grass powdery mildew, Blumeria graminis, has become a model organism to study host specialization of obligate biotrophic fungal pathogens. We resolved the large-scale genomic architecture of B. graminis forma specialis hordei (Bgh) to explore the potential influence of its genome organization on the co-evolutionary process with its host plant, barley (Hordeum vulgare). RESULTS: The near-chromosome level assemblies of the Bgh reference isolate DH14 and one of the most diversified isolates, RACE1, enabled a comparative analysis of these haploid genomes, which are highly enriched with transposable elements (TEs)...
May 22, 2018: BMC Genomics
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