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Paediatric urology

Dan Wood
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is increasing recognition of the need for life-long care in patients who have congenital urological anomalies. This study looks at the factors surrounding transition and suggests those, which may improve the success. RECENT FINDINGS: One of the most challenging phases in this care is adolescence. There are the physical and psychological changes that all adolescents go through. Patients need medical surveillance through this time in order to ensure good care and patient safety...
October 5, 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
Christian Radmayr, Hasan S Dogan, Piet Hoebeke, Radim Kocvara, Rien Nijman, Raimund Stein, Shabnam Undre, Serdar Tekgul
CONTEXT: Undescended testis is the most common endocrinological disease in the male newborn period. Incidence varies between 1.0% and 4.6% in full-term neonates, with rates as high as 45% in preterm neonates. Failure or delay of treatment can result in reduced fertility and/or increased testicular cancer risk in adulthood. OBJECTIVE: To provide recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of boys with undescended testes which reduce the risk of impaired fertility and testicular cancer in adulthood...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Katherine L Pearson, Nigel J Hall
PURPOSE: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways are standard practice in adult specialties resulting in improved outcomes. It is unclear whether ERAS principles are applicable to Paediatric Surgery. We performed a scoping review to identify the extent to which ERAS has been used in Paediatric Surgery, the nature of interventions, and outcomes. METHODS: Pubmed, Cochrane library, Google Scholar, and Embase were searched using the terms enhanced recovery, post-operative protocol/pathway, fast track surgery, and paediatric surgery...
September 27, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Maiken Wolderslund, Poul-Erik Kofoed, René Holst, Mette Axboe, Jette Ammentorp
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects on patients' outcome of the consultations when provided with: a Digital Audio Recording (DAR) of the consultation and a Question Prompt List (QPL). METHODS: This is a three-armed randomised controlled cluster trial. One group of patients received standard care, while the other two groups received either the QPL in combination with a recording of their consultation or only the recording. Patients from four outpatient clinics participated: Paediatric, Orthopaedic, Internal Medicine, and Urology...
August 29, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
A Trinh, P Wong, J Brown, S Hennel, P R Ebeling, P J Fuller, F Milat
: This study assessed the prevalence and types of fractures in spina bifida and examined risk factors for fracture. Fracture prevalence was highest in childhood and reduced in adolescence and young adulthood. The importance of maintaining mobility is highlighted by the increased risk of fracture in those who are non-ambulatory. INTRODUCTION: The aims of this study are to study the prevalence and types of fractures according to age group in spina bifida and examine risk factors associated with fracture...
August 24, 2016: Osteoporosis International
Mohd Ashraf, Virender Kumar, Rifat Ara Bano, Khursheed Ahmed Wani, Javed Ahmed, Kaisar Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: Definite paucity of data pertaining to spectrum of renal and urinary tract diseases in our state and in various parts of India forms the basis of this study. Available data has emphasized more on specific clinical syndromes and chronic renal diseases rather than over all spectrums of renal and urinary tract diseases, that too in adult population. AIM: The present study a retrospective analysis, forms one of the basic data of paediatric nephrology and urology related disorders in our state...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Michael Bailey, Ximena Norambuena, Gigia Roizen, Jorge Rodríguez, Arnoldo Quezada
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of latex sensitisation varies according to the population studied. There are various risk factors that increase latex sensitisation, such as genetic risk, atopy, and multiple surgeries. OBJECTIVE: To characterise patients referred to an Immunology Unit with suspected latex allergy, and to analyse their clinical features and risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A retrospective, descriptive study was conducted on children suspected of latex allergy...
June 25, 2016: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Kathryn E Ford, Lilli R L Cooper
INTRODUCTION: Medico-legal claims are a drain on NHS resources and promote defencive practice. The litigious burden of surgery in England has not been previously described. This paper describes trends over ten years of claims made against the NHS across 11 surgical specialities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were requested for all claims received by the NHS Litigation Authority (NHSLA) from 2004 to 2014. Surgical specialities included cardiothoracic, general, neurosurgery, obstetric, oral and maxillofacial (OMFS), orthopaedic, otorhinolaryngology, paediatric, plastic, urology and vascular surgery...
May 6, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
B Lee, N Featherstone, P Nagappan, L McCarthy, S O'Toole
INTRODUCTION: A large number of children with spina bifida develop a neuropathic bladder and this group of patients still forms the largest group of children who require urological management. Although there are published guidelines on the management of the neuropathic bladder, they are not specific to children. It is unsurprising, therefore, that the initial investigation, assessment and management of children with spina bifida vary considerably. The 2014 British Association of Paediatric Urologists (BAPU) meeting was devoted to the management of the neuropathic bladder...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
R Peeraully, K Henderson, B Davies
Introduction In England, emergency readmissions within 30 days of hospital discharge after an elective admission are not reimbursed if they do not meet Payment by Results (PbR) exclusion criteria. However, coding errors could inappropriately penalise hospitals. We aimed to assess the accuracy of coding for emergency readmissions. Methods Emergency readmissions attributed to paediatric surgery and urology between September 2012 and August 2014 to our tertiary referral centre were retrospectively reviewed. Payment by Results (PbR) coding data were obtained from the hospital's Family Health Directorate...
April 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Nischith D'Souza, Saptarshi Paul
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to report our initial experience of mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mPCNL) performed on patients in the pediatric age group (<18 years) using a miniature nephroscope (12F). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 20 children underwent mPCNL for renal stone extraction in the Department of Urology, Yenepoya Medical College, Mangalore, India, from February 2013 to January 2014. The patients were evaluated on the basis of parameters viz. age at the time of surgery, size and number of stones, duration of surgery, stone clearance, and postoperative complications...
January 2016: Urology Annals
Heinrich Vinz, Markward von Bülow, Johann Neu
From 2000 to 2012, 447 panel proceedings concerning acute appendicitis were evaluated. 271 cases (57 %) were related to alleged diagnostic malpractice. This was confirmed in 176 cases (67 %). The following medical specialities were involved (m = quote of malpractice): general surgery 33 %, m = 51 %; paediatric surgery 3 %, m = 44 %; general practitioner and prehospital emergency services 24 %, m = 62 %; internal medicine 19 %, m = 70 %; paediatrics 13 %, m = 57 %; gynaecology 3 %, m = 91 %; urology 2 %, m = 17 %...
2015: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
Amanda Chung, Henry Woo
BACKGROUND: Over recent years, Twitter has demonstrated an expanding role in scientific discussion, surgical news and conferences. This study evaluates the role of Twitter in urological conferences, with comparison to other surgical specialties. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of Twitter metrics during the two largest recent English-speaking conferences for each surgical specialty was performed. Using, all 'tweets' under the official conference hashtag from 0000 hour the first day to 24...
April 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Michael Myint, Ahmed Adam, Sampath Herath, Grahame Smith
INTRODUCTION: The proliferation of medical-type applications or 'apps' on smartphones is a typical example of the impact technology has had on medical practice. Maintaining a bladder diary is a recommended part of evaluating the effect of interventions for patients suffering from enuresis. Traditional pen-and-paper bladder diaries have poor completion rates, inconsistent patterns in data entry, and are deficient in validation. Electronic bladder diaries have been proposed to overcome these obstacles...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
G Martins, J Minuk, A Varghese, S Dave, K Williams, W A Farhat
OBJECTIVES: Children with bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) constitute a significant proportion of referrals at paediatric urology clinics worldwide, presenting with a wide range of symptom severity that may significantly affect quality of life. Non-biological factors may play a key role in triggering BBD severity, but these underpinning causes of BBD during childhood are still unknown. The aim of this study was to identify the effects of personal, family related and environmental variables on the severity of BBD symptoms in school-aged children...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Jeni Senior
Staff at a children's urology department, in response to a growing caseload and reports of a sense of isolation among children, young people and their carers, agreed there was a need to develop innovative new strategies to provide a quality service that could be delivered within existing financial constraints. The aim was to encourage service users while showing them they were not alone and without breaching confidentiality. Paediatric urology seminars for parents were developed as a result and they have proven to be effective, including in areas that were not at first anticipated, such as parents being able to appreciate from a non-judgmental approach that their children are neither naughty nor lazy...
November 2015: Nursing Children and Young People
V Mixa, B Nedomova, I Berka
The popularity of continuous caudal epidural block in post-operative analgesia in very young children has been growing. This method of analgesia is used in major abdominal and urological surgeries. A local anaesthetic, usually levobupivacaine, is administered through an epidural catheter introduced via hiatus canalis sacralis. The usual type of the catheter is Arrow G20 armed with a metal spiral, which can be used for children of up to approximately 2000 g of body weight. We want to introduce a modification of the method which uses the thin silicone catheter Premicath G28...
2015: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Maiken Wolderslund, Poul-Erik Kofoed, René Holst, Jette Ammentorp
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a new technology of digital audio recording (DAR) of health consultations to provide knowledge about patients' use and evaluation of this recording method. DESIGN: A cross-sectional feasibility analysis of the intervention using log data from the recording platform and data from a patient-administered questionnaire. SETTING: Four different outpatient clinics at a Danish hospital: Paediatrics, Orthopaedics, Internal Medicine and Urology...
December 2015: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Lily A Gutnik, Joseph Dielman, Anna J Dare, Margarita S Ramos, Robert Riviello, John G Meara, Gavin Yamey, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: In recent years, funds for global health have risen substantially, particularly for infectious diseases. Although conditions amenable to surgery account for 28% of the global burden of disease, the external funds directed towards global surgical delivery, capacity building, and research are currently unknown and presumed to be low. We aimed to describe external funds given to these efforts from the USA, the world's largest donor nation. METHODS: We searched the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), National Institute of Health (NIH), Foundation Center, and registered US charitable organisations databases for financial data on any giving exclusively to surgical care in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
April 27, 2015: Lancet
Raimondo M Cervellione, Alberto Mantovani, John Gearhart, Guy Bogaert, Rita Gobet, Paolo Caione, Alan P Dickson
OBJECTIVE: On behalf of the European Society of Paediatric Urology (ESPU), a prospective study was designed with the aim of defining the actual number of babies born with bladder exstrophy, cloacal exstrophy, and epispadias in Europe over a 12-month period, and verifying the distribution of the exstrophy patients born during the study period among the different paediatric urology centres in Europe. STUDY DESIGN: The study was structured with a chief investigator and one national investigator for each country enrolled in the study...
December 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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