keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Trauma recidivism

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574389/-radical-reconstructive-toracoplasty-a-new-method-of-treatment-of-patients-with-choanoid-deformation-of-breast
#1
N Dvaladze
Objective - development of a new method of surgery correction of choanoid deformation of breast, leading to significant improvement of the treatment results of the patients with this pathotology. The new method is being developed based on the analysis of the own long experience of treatment of the patients with choanoid deformation of breast. In total, over than 70 patients have been surged, with the age ranging from 5 to 35. The surgeries have been implemented in Leningrad Pediatric Medical Institute clinic as well as clinics in Georgia...
April 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529222/the-effect-of-childhood-household-dysfunction-on-future-hiv-risk-among-probationers
#2
Brittany Marshall, Stephanie A Spohr, Faye S Taxman, Scott T Walters
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood events (ACE) can lead to numerous health risks in adulthood. ACEs coupled with increased risk-taking behaviors can lead to increased risk for HIV infection, particularly in vulnerable populations. The purpose of this study was to determine if mental health symptom severity mediates the relationship between childhood household dysfunction and adult HIV risk among a group of probationers. METHODS: T-tests were used to evaluate associations between demographic characteristics and cumulative engagement in sexual risk behaviors in 282 drug-involved probationers...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486059/mindfulness-and-meditation-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-adolescents-involved-in-the-juvenile-justice-system-is-repairing-the-brain-and-nervous-system-possible
#3
Drew E Winters, Emily Beerbower
Adolescents involved in the juvenile justice system are prone to more traumatic events than other adolescents, leaving them in danger of developmental difficulties. Trauma exposure is predictive of poor outcomes including mental and physical health issues as well as criminal activity. Current treatment approaches either have a nominal effect on recidivism rates or increase the likelihood of future criminal offenses. This article explores adolescent brain development, the unique difficulties that juvenile justice youth face, and mindfulness meditation as an adjunctive treatment to system-based treatment...
May 9, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426560/universal-screening-for-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-in-trauma-patients-an-east-multicenter-trial
#4
Tanya L Zakrison, Xiomara Ruiz, Rondi Gelbard, John Cline, David Turay, Xian Luo-Owen, Nicholas Namias, Marie Crandall, Jessica George, Brian H Williams
BACKGROUND: A single-center trial recently demonstrated a prevalence of 14% of intimate partner and sexual violence (IPSV) among both male and female trauma patients, regardless of mechanism of injury. We aimed to determine if this phenomenon was similar to rates in other trauma centers by assessing the feasibility of universal screening and determining the prevalence and association of IPSV with other trauma-associated comorbidities. METHODS: We designed an Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma-supported multicenter, prospective observational cohort study involving four Level I trauma centers throughout the United States...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326453/violent-trauma-recidivism-does-all-violence-escalate
#5
R M Nygaard, A P Marek, S R Daly, J M Van Camp
PURPOSE: Rates of trauma patients presenting with history of prior trauma range from 25 to 44%. Outcomes involving recidivists in the setting of intentional trauma, especially penetrating trauma, are conflicting. We hypothesized that if violence does escalate with successive incidence, then injuries due to successive violence should escalate or become increasingly severe with successive admissions. METHODS: The trauma registry from an urban level I adult and pediatric trauma center was queried for injuries due to blunt assault, stabbing, and firearm injury...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276161/the-association-between-type-of-out-of-home-mental-health-treatment-and-juvenile-justice-recidivism-for-youth-with-trauma-exposure
#6
John Robst, Mary Armstrong, Norin Dollard
BACKGROUND: High rates of mental health disorders and exposure to trauma among the juvenile justice population highlight the importance of understanding whether and how mental health services can help prevent further justice system involvement as well as provide treatment. AIMS: We had two principal questions: Is out-of-home mental health treatment after arrest associated with reduced recidivism among young people who have been exposed to trauma? Are particular types of out-of-home treatment associated with better outcomes? We hypothesised that type of residential setting would affect outcomes among those with histories of serious trauma...
March 9, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033142/sbirt-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-among-trauma-patients-a-review-of-the-inpatient-process-and-patient-experience
#7
Erin K Gormican, Zahra S Hussein
Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is an important and effective strategy among injury prevention measures aimed at reducing risky alcohol use (). The trauma patient population is at significant risk for alcohol-related trauma recidivism () and is therefore a priority group in which to implement SBIRT. Vancouver General Hospital (VGH) implemented SBIRT on its 2 inpatient trauma units in the fall of 2014. The alcohol use disorders screening test (AUDIT-C) was chosen as the screening tool for nurses to complete with new patients...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747558/trauma-recidivism-at-an-emergency-department-of-a-swedish-medical-center
#8
Fredrik Röding, Marie Lindkvist, Ulrica Bergström, Olle Svensson, Jack Lysholm
BACKGROUND: To inform targeted prevention, we studied patterns of trauma recidivism and whether a first injury predicts the risk for a recurrent injury. METHODS: In a population-based study of 98,502 adult injury events 1999-2012, at the emergency department of Umeå University Hospital, Sweden, we compared non-recidivists with recidivists in terms of patients' sex, age, type of injury and severity of the injury. RESULTS: Thirty-six percent of all patients suffered recurrent injuries, which were associated with a higher proportion of inpatient care and more hospital days...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723444/reduced-trauma-symptoms-and-perceived-stress-in-male-prison-inmates-through-the-transcendental-meditation-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Sanford Nidich, Tom O'connor, Thomas Rutledge, Jeff Duncan, Blaze Compton, Angela Seng, Randi Nidich
CONTEXT: Trauma events are four times more prevalent in inmates than in the general public and are associated with increased recidivism and other mental and physical health issues. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Transcendental Meditation (TM) on trauma symptoms in male inmates. DESIGN: One hundred eighty-one inmates with a moderate- to high-risk criminal profile were randomly assigned to either the TM program or to a usual care control group...
2016: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543095/type-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-the-risk-of-criminal-recidivism-in-adult-probationers-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Eun Young Kim, Jiung Park, Bongseog Kim
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is strongly associated with delinquency and the repeated crime. Specific types of childhood maltreatment have been found to have differential effects on recidivism in juvenile offenders, but studies of adult probationers have not been performed. This study investigated the relationship between having a history of childhood maltreatment and mental-health problems and the independent contribution of specific types of maltreatment and mental-health problems to the criminal recidivism of adult probationers...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451895/risk-factors-for-recurrent-violent-injury-among-black-men
#11
Joseph B Richardson, Christopher St Vil, Tanya Sharpe, Michael Wagner, Carnell Cooper
BACKGROUND: Black men are disproportionately overrepresented among victims of repeat violent injury. However, little is known about the risk factors that influence violent trauma recidivism among black men. We hypothesize that the following risk factors would be significant among black male victims of repeat violent injury: disrespect; being under the influence; being in a fight and using a weapon in the past year; and previous incarceration when comparing trauma recidivists versus nonrecidivists...
July 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359281/frequency-of-recidivism-in-patients-with-orthopedic-trauma
#12
Juliann C Koleszar, Benjamin R Childs, Heather A Vallier
The goals of this study were to determine the frequency of trauma recidivism and to identify risk factors. The authors hypothesized that substance abuse and mental illness would be associated with recidivism. They performed a retrospective review of 879 patients who were treated surgically for high-energy fractures over a period of 4 years. Recidivism was defined as presentation to the trauma center for a new, unrelated injury. A recurrent recidivist was a repeat patient who returned for more than 1 additional injury...
September 1, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280506/trauma-recidivism-predicts-long-term-mortality-missed-opportunities-for-prevention-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Bethany L Strong, Christina R Greene, Gordon S Smith
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the association between recurrent trauma admissions (recidivism) and subsequent long-term mortality, and to identify those in most need for preventive interventions. BACKGROUND: Patients with a single intentional injury have been shown to have a higher risk of future injury mortality than those with unintentional injury with 5-year mortality rates as high as 20% being reported for recurrent penetrating trauma...
May 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27261182/urethral-foreign-bodies-clinical-presentation-and-management
#14
Cristina J Palmer, Matthew Houlihan, Sarah P Psutka, K Alexandria Ellis, Patricia Vidal, Courtney M P Hollowell
OBJECTIVE: To review a single institution's 15-year experience with urethral foreign bodies, including evaluation, clinical findings, and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 27 patients comprising 35 episodes of inserted urethral foreign bodies were reviewed at Cook County Hospital between 2000 and 2015. Retrospective chart review was performed to describe the clinical presentation, rationale for insertion, management, recidivism, and sequelae. RESULTS: Median patient age was 26 (range 12-60)...
November 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236176/detained-adolescents-mental-health-needs-treatment-use-and-recidivism
#15
Laura M White, Katherine S L Lau, Matthew C Aalsma
Although approximately 60 to 70 percent of detained adolescents meet criteria for a mental disorder, few receive treatment upon community re-entry. Given that mental health treatment can reduce recidivism, we examined detained adolescents' mental health needs and their postdetention mental health treatment and recidivism. Altogether, 1,574 adolescents (≤18 years) completed a mental health screening at a detention center. Scores on the screening, mental health treatment utilization (60 days after detention), and recidivism (6 months after detention) were measured...
June 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27100582/head-trauma-from-falling-increases-subsequent-emergency-department-visits-more-than-other-fall-related-injuries-in-older-adults
#16
Lauren T Southerland, Julie A Stephens, Shari Robinson, James Falk, Laura Phieffer, Joseph A Rosenthal, Jeffrey M Caterino
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether fall-related injuries affect return to the ED after the initial visit. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Academic Level 1 trauma center ED. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older evaluated for a fall from standing height or less and discharged (N = 263, average age 77, 70% female). MEASUREMENTS: After institutional review board approval, electronic medical record data were queried...
April 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27032010/pediatric-gunshot-wound-recidivism-identification-of-at-risk-youth
#17
Peter D Gibson, Joseph A Ippolito, Mohammed Kareem Shaath, Curtis L Campbell, Adam D Fox, Irfan Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Although penetrating injury is the most common reason for pediatric trauma recidivism, there is a paucity of literature specifically looking at this population. The objective of this study was to identify those in the pediatric community at the highest levels of risk for experiencing gunshot wound (GSW) on multiple occasions. METHODS: A retrospective review querying our urban Level I trauma database was performed. Patients aged 0 year to 18 years sustaining GSW from 2000 to 2011 were selected...
June 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26830122/the-prevalence-of-alcohol-related-trauma-recidivism-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
James Nunn, Mete Erdogan, Robert S Green
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent admission to a hospital or trauma centre for separate incidents of traumatic injury is known as trauma recidivism. Although use of alcohol is a known risk factor for injury and associated with trauma recidivism, the scale of alcohol-related trauma recidivism has not been well described. The purpose of this review was to search the published literature for studies that evaluated the prevalence of alcohol use among trauma recidivists. Our primary objective was to determine the proportion of trauma recidivism related to alcohol use...
March 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26678070/who-shot-ya-how-emergency-departments-can-collect-reliable-police-shooting-data
#19
Joseph B Richardson, Christopher St Vil, Carnell Cooper
This paper examines an alternative solution for collecting reliable police shooting data. One alternative is the collection of police shooting data from hospital trauma units, specifically hospital-based violence intervention programs. These programs are situated in Level I trauma units in many major cities in USA. While the intent of these programs is to reduce the risk factors associated with trauma recidivism among victims of violent injury, they also collect reliable data on the number of individuals treated for gunshot wounds...
April 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26297106/development-of-a-text-message-intervention-aimed-at-reducing-alcohol-related-harm-in-patients-admitted-to-hospital-as-a-result-of-injury
#20
Sarah Sharpe, Matthew Shepherd, Bridget Kool, Robyn Whittaker, Vili Nosa, Enid Dorey, Susanna Galea, Papaarangi Reid, Shanthi Ameratunga
BACKGROUND: Screening for alcohol misuse and brief interventions (BIs) for harm in trauma care settings are known to reduce alcohol intake and injury recidivism, but are rarely implemented. We created the content for a mobile phone text message BI service to reduce harmful drinking among patients admitted to hospital following an injury who screen positive for hazardous alcohol use. The aim of this study was to pre-test and refine the text message content using a robust contextualisation process ahead of its formal evaluation in a randomised controlled trial...
2015: BMC Public Health
keyword
keyword
78787
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"