keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hospital infection and prevention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318214/preterm-labor-prevention-and-management
#1
Kristen Rundell, Bethany Panchal
In the United States, preterm delivery is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and is the most common reason for hospitalization during pregnancy. The rate of preterm delivery (before 37 weeks' gestation) has been declining since 2007. Clinical diagnosis of preterm labor is made if there are regular contractions and concomitant cervical change. Less than 10% of women with a clinical diagnosis of preterm labor will deliver within seven days of initial presentation. Women with a history of spontaneous preterm delivery are 1...
March 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317802/port-site-infections-by-nontuberculous-mycobacterium-a-retrospective-clinico-microbiological-study
#2
Roumi Ghosh, Soumen Das, Asmita De, Harish Kela, Makhan Lal Saha, Prasanta Kumar Maiti
BACKGROUND: Port-site infection (PSI) is a prevailing, chronic, nagging, treatment refractory complication of laparoscopic surgery (LS). It neutralizes the advantages of minimally invasive surgery and increases morbidity, treatment cost of patient, leading to loss of confidence on operating surgeon. PSIs are preventable with appropriate preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative measures. Atypical mycobacterium is most commonly associated with nonhealing postlaparoscopic wound infections, causing outbreaks or sporadic cases worldwide...
January 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314678/practices-of-infectious-control-management-during-neutropenia-a-survey-from-149-french-hospitals
#3
N Lequilliec, R Raymond, D Vanjak, N Baghdadi, H Boulestreau, J-R Zahar, J-P Gangneux
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: Neutropenic patients represent a growing and fragile population in our hospitals. Numerous treatments induce neutropenia in haematology wards and elsewhere. Although strict isolation is recommended during post-haematopoietic stem cell transplantation neutropenia, this may not be the current practice in other situations. In this study, our objective was to analyse what protective measures are applied in neutropenic patients in a French survey. MATERIELS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was sent out to infection control teams of 400 public and private French hospitals to enquire about their local recommendations regarding infection prevention in neutropenic patients...
March 14, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303984/silent-killers-transfusion-transmissible-infections-tti-among-asymptomatic-population-of-pakistan
#4
Muhammad Saeed, Shahida Hussain, Farhan Rasheed, Maqsood Ahmad, Mizna Arif, Muhammad Tariq Hamid Rahmani
OBJECTIVE: To analyse transfusion transmissible infections in asymptomatic population. METHODS: This study was conducted at the Allama Iqbal Medical College and Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from December 2014 to November 2015, and comprised healthy asymptomatic blood donors.Every sample was screened for the presence of antibodies/antigens of hepatitis C virus, human immunodeficiency virus, treponemapallidum, hepatitis B virus and malaria parasite through rapid immunochromatographic technique...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303388/the-impact-of-antibiotic-stewardship-programs-in-combating-quinolone-resistance-a-systematic-review-and-recommendations-for-more-efficient-interventions
#5
REVIEW
Vasiliki Pitiriga, Georgia Vrioni, George Saroglou, Athanasios Tsakris
Quinolones are among the most commonly prescribed antibiotics worldwide. A clear relationship has been demonstrated between excessive quinolone use and the steady increase in the incidence of quinolone-resistant bacterial pathogens, both in hospital and community sites. In addition, exposure to quinolones has been associated with colonization and infection with healthcare-associated pathogens such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Clostridium difficile in hospitalized patients. Therefore, the management of quinolone prescribing in hospitals through antibiotic stewardship programs is considered crucial...
March 16, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302440/kidney-allograft-pyelonephritis-caused-by-salmonella-enterica-serovar-schwarzengrund
#6
Kenta Ito, Haruomi Nishio, Yuji Iwatani, Ryo Yamada, Takao Okawa, Takumi Yamamoto, Masaaki Murakami, Yoko Matsuo, Ken Matsuo, Satoshi Tanaka, Kiyoshi Mori, Noriko Mori
Kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) taking immunosuppressive drugs have a 20-fold greater risk of nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) infection than the healthy adult population. Among KTRs, the urinary tract is the most common site of infection. However, few cases of urinary tract infection caused by NTS have been documented in KTRs, and only one in Japan. Furthermore, it frequently induces acute allograft rejection with high mortality. Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Schwarzengrund (S. Schwarzengrund) is now among the more common Salmonella serovars isolated in Japan and is likely to be invasive...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302106/barriers-and-facilitators-of-linkage-to-hiv-care-among-hiv-infected-young-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-qualitative-study
#7
Haochu Li, Chongyi Wei, Joseph Tucker, Dianmin Kang, Meizhen Liao, Eleanor Holroyd, Jietao Zheng, Qian Qi, Wei Ma
BACKGROUND: The Four Free and One Care Policy (HIV/AIDS-related free services) has been in place in China since 2004. However, linkage to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care is not yet achieved very well among people living with HIV. We conducted a qualitative study to explore individual and contextual factors that may influence a linkage to HIV care from the perspective of young HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) in a highly centralized HIV care context of China. METHODS: Purposive sampling was used to recruit 21 HIV-infected MSM in Shandong Province, with in-depth interviews conducted between March and July 2015...
March 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301593/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-south-african-healthcare-workers-regarding-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-influenza-among-hiv-infected-individuals
#8
Jazmin Duque, Sisanda Gaga, David Clark, Madeleine Muller, Bulenani Kuwane, Cheryl Cohen, Sibongile Walaza, Stefano Tempia, Puleng Ramatoboe, Tsakani Furumele, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Meredith L McMorrow, Adam L Cohen
BACKGROUND: The South African Department of Health (DOH) publishes annual guidelines identifying priority groups, including immunosuppressed individuals and healthcare workers (HCW), for influenza vaccination and treatment. How these guidelines have impacted HCW and their patients, particularly those infected with HIV, remains unknown. METHODS: We aimed to describe the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding influenza and the vaccine among South African HCW...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301421/persistence-of-hiv-drug-resistance-among-south-african-children-given-nevirapine-to-prevent-mother-to-child-transmission
#9
Ruth Kanthula, Theresa Rossouw, Ute D Feucht, Gisela Van Dyk, Ingrid A Beck, Rachel Silverman, Scott Olson, Christen Salyer, Sharon Cassol, Lisa M Frenkel
OBJECTIVES: We set out to examine the prevalence and persistence of mutations conferring high-level nonnucleoside-reverse-transcriptase (NNRTI)-resistance in a cohort of HIV-infected children who had failed prophylaxis to prevent mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT). DESIGN: A prospective observational cohort study at the Pediatric HIV Clinic at Kalafong Provincial Tertiary Hospital in Pretoria, South Africa. METHODS: Children referred for initiation of ART were enrolled from July 2010 through February 2013...
March 15, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300495/hospital-acquired-infections-in-paediatric-medical-wards-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#10
Kevin B Spicer, Jennifer Green, Barnesh Dhada
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) impact care and costs in hospitals across the globe. There are minimal data on HAIs in sub-Saharan Africa and data specific to paediatrics are especially limited. OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence of HAIs in the paediatric medical units at Grey's Hospital, a tertiary government hospital in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. METHODS: The Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) team collects data on all laboratory-confirmed infections, including from paediatric patients in two medical units (52 beds), the paediatric intensive/high-care unit (PICU, 8 beds) and the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU, 23 beds)...
March 16, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300019/clostridium-difficile-infection-in-acute-care-hospitals-systematic-review-and-best-practices-for-prevention
#11
Irene K Louh, William G Greendyke, Emilia A Hermann, Karina W Davidson, Louise Falzon, David K Vawdrey, Jonathan A Shaffer, David P Calfee, E Yoko Furuya, Henry H Ting
OBJECTIVE Prevention of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in acute-care hospitals is a priority for hospitals and clinicians. We performed a qualitative systematic review to update the evidence on interventions to prevent CDI published since 2009. DESIGN We searched Ovid, MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, CINAHL, the ISI Web of Knowledge, and grey literature databases from January 1, 2009 to August 1, 2015. SETTING We included studies performed in acute-care hospitals. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS We included studies conducted on hospitalized patients that investigated the impact of specific interventions on CDI rates...
April 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295630/screening-for-asymptomatic-bacteruria-at-one-month-after-adult-kidney-transplantation-clinical-factors-and-implications
#12
Y S B Goh, Z L Deng, P S C Cheong, R Lata, T H A Goh, A Vathsala, H Y Tiong
OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract infections(UTI) account for significant morbidity after kidney transplantation(KT). Screening for asymptomatic bacteruria(AB) has proven to be beneficial in certain population including pregnant women; however it is not well-studied in KT population. We reviewed the incidence, clinical features and implications of asymptomatic bacteruria one-month after KT. METHODS: 171 adult KT patients(86(50.3%) living transplants, 87(50.9%) males, mean age 47...
March 10, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293045/a-narrative-review-of-influenza-a-seasonal-and-pandemic-disease
#13
REVIEW
Mohsen Moghadami
Influenza is an acute respiratory disease caused by the influenza A or B virus. It often occurs in outbreaks and epidemics worldwide, mainly during the winter season. Significant numbers of influenza virus particles are present in the respiratory secretions of infected persons, so infection can be transmitted by sneezing and coughing via large particle droplets. The mean duration of influenza virus shedding in immunocompetent adult patients is around 5 days but may continue for up to 10 days or more-particularly in children, elderly adults, patients with chronic illnesses, and immunocompromised hosts...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292986/arginine-is-a-critical-substrate-for-the-pathogenesis-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-burn-wound-infections
#14
Jake Everett, Keith Turner, Qiuxian Cai, Vernita Gordon, Marvin Whiteley, Kendra Rumbaugh
Environmental conditions affect bacterial behavior and can greatly influence the course of an infection. However, the environmental cues that elicit bacterial responses in specific infection sites are relatively unknown. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is ubiquitous in nature and typically innocuous. However, it is also one of the most prevalent causes of fatal sepsis in burn wound patients. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of environmental factors, specifically the availability of arginine, on the pathogenesis of P...
March 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292273/ocular-bacterial-infections-at-quiha-ophthalmic-hospital-northern-ethiopia-an-evaluation-according-to-the-risk-factors-and-the-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-bacterial-isolates
#15
Mebrahtu Teweldemedhin, Muthupandian Saravanan, Araya Gebreyesus, Dawit Gebreegziabiher
BACKGROUND: External and intraocular infections can lead to visual impairments, which is a major public health problem. Bacteria are the most frequent pathogens affecting ocular structures; the increasing rate of antimicrobial drug resistance is a worldwide concern. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of bacteria in ocular infections, their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns, and risk factors in bacterial ocular infection. METHODS: A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2015 to December 2015 at Quiha Ophthalmic Hospital, Tigray, northern Ethiopia...
March 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291051/30-day-readmission-rates-in-an-hiv-infected-cohort-from-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#16
Lara E Coelho, Sayonara R Ribeiro, Andre M Japiassu, Ronaldo I Moreira, Priscila C Lara, Valdilea G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Paula M Luz
BACKGROUND: The 30-day readmission rate is an indicator of the quality of hospital care and transition to the outpatient setting. Recent studies suggest HIV infection might increase the risk of readmission though estimates of 30-day readmission rates are unavailable among HIV infected individuals living in middle/low income settings. Additionally, factors that may increase readmission risk in HIV infected populations are poorly understood. METHODS: 30-day readmission rates were estimated for HIV-infected adults from the Instituto Nacional de Infectologia Evandro Chagas/Fiocruz cohort in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from January 2007 to December 2013...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290645/preventive-health-care-for-women-who-have-sex-with-women
#17
Daniel A Knight, Diane Jarrett
Despite recent shifts in societal attitudes toward same-sex relationships, women who have sex with women face a variety of barriers to optimal health, including a history of negatively perceived interactions in clinical settings that lead them to delay or avoid health care. Women who have sex with women may be at disproportionate risk of obesity, tobacco use, substance use, mental health issues, intimate partner violence, sexually transmitted infections, and some cancers. Disparities can exist throughout the lifetime...
March 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289360/effect-of-probiotic-administration-in-the-therapy-of-pediatric-thermal-burn
#18
M H El-Ghazely, W H Mahmoud, M A Atia, E M Eldip
Oral probiotic administration has been advocated for treatment and prevention of a diverse range of disorders. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of probiotic supplementation on outcome of pediatric post-burn patients. Forty thermally-injured pediatric patients with total body surface burns between 20-50% and depth between 5-10% were randomized in a prospective, double-blind, controlled clinical trial into two even groups: probiotic group (n=20), who received probiotic preparations, and placebo control group (n=20)...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289243/use-of-standard-risk-screening-and-assessment-forms-to-prevent-harm-to-older-people-in-australian-hospitals-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Bernice Redley, Michelle Raggatt
BACKGROUND: Standard risk screening and assessment forms are frequently used in strategies to prevent harm to older people in hospitals. Little is known about good practices for their use. OBJECTIVE: Scope the preventable harms addressed by standard forms used to screen and assess older people and how standard forms are operationalised in hospitals across Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Mixed methods study: (1) cross-sectional audit of the standard risk screening and assessment forms used to assess older people at 11 health services in 2015; (2) nine focus groups with a purposive sample of 69 participants at 9 health services...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288577/elevated-prevalence-of-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-organisms-in-hiv-positive-men
#20
Claudia Reinheimer, Oliver T Keppler, Christoph Stephan, Thomas A Wichelhaus, Imke Friedrichs, Volkhard A J Kempf
BACKGROUND: Routes of transmission of multidrug-resistant gram-negative organisms (MDRGN) are not completely understood. Since sexual transmission of MDRGN might represent a potential mode that has not been noticed so far, this study evaluated transmission of MDRGN in HIV positive men. METHODS: Between November 2014 and March 2016, we retrospectively investigated the MDRGN prevalence in rectal swabs of n = 109 males tested positive for HIV (HP). These findings were compared to the MDRGN prevalence in n = 109 rectal swabs in age-matched males tested negative for HIV (HN) within the same period...
March 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
78778
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"