keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Postoperative atrial fibrillation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634771/off-pump-versus-on-pump-coronary-surgery-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-meta-analysis
#1
Yushu Wang, Sui Zhu, Peijuan Gao, Juteng Zhou, Qing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have worse adverse cardiovascular outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, the adverse cardiovascular outcomes between off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) versus on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (ONCAB) in these patients have been a subject of debate. METHODS: We undertook a comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library database to identify all relevant studies comparing techniques between OPCAB and ONCAB in CKD patients...
June 20, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629445/effects-of-perioperative-statin-use-on-cardiovascular-complications-in-patients-submitted-to-non-cardiac-surgery-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#2
Erica Aranha Suzumura, Rodrigo Antonini Ribeiro, Leticia Kawano-Dourado, Pedro Gabriel de Barros E Silva, Claudia Oliveira, Mabel Fernandes Figueiró, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Renato D Lopes, Otavio Berwanger
BACKGROUND: Preliminary evidence suggests statins may reduce major perioperative vascular events. However, evidence is limited to observational studies, underpowered trials, and non-comprehensive systematic reviews. This review aims to assess the effects of perioperative statin use on cardiovascular complications in patients submitted to non-cardiac surgery. METHODS: We will search MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, LILACS, CENTRAL, Web of Science, and CINAHL for randomized controlled trials assessing the effects of perioperative statin use in adults undergoing non-cardiac surgery and reporting cardiovascular complications...
June 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628573/postoperative-atrial-fibrillation
#3
Roger L Royster, Hao Deng, S Patrick Whalen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622175/predictors-prognosis-and-management-of-new-clinically-important-atrial-fibrillation-after-noncardiac-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Pablo Alonso-Coello, Deborah Cook, Shou Chun Xu, Alben Sigamani, Otavio Berwanger, Soori Sivakumaran, Homer Yang, Denis Xavier, Luz Ximena Martinez, Pedro Ibarra, Purnima Rao-Melacini, Janice Pogue, Kelly Zarnke, Pilar Paniagua, Jack Ostrander, Salim Yusuf, P J Devereaux
BACKGROUND: Despite the frequency of new clinically important atrial fibrillation (AF) after noncardiac surgery and its increased association with the risk of stroke at 30 days, there are limited data informing their prediction, association with outcomes, and management. METHODS: We used the data from the PeriOperative ISchemic Evaluation trial to determine, in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery, the association of new clinically important AF with 30-day outcomes, and to assess management of these patients...
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610884/outcomes-for-low-risk-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-a-benchmark-for-aortic-valve-technology
#5
Lily E Johnston, Emily A Downs, Robert B Hawkins, Mohammed A Quader, Alan M Speir, Jeffrey B Rich, Ravi K Ghanta, Leora T Yarboro, Gorav Ailawadi
BACKGROUND: Two large, randomized trials are underway evaluating transcatheter aortic valve replacement (AVR) against conventional surgical AVR. We analyzed contemporary, real-world outcomes of surgical AVR in low-risk patients to provide a practical benchmark of outcomes and cost for evaluating current and future transapical AVR technology. METHODS: From 2010 to 2015, 2,505 isolated AVR operations were performed for severe aortic stenosis at 18 statewide cardiac institutions...
June 11, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606165/pitfalls-in-tamvi-experience-with-the-repositionable-lotus%C3%A2-valve-system
#6
Paul P Heinisch, Fabien Praz, Bernhard Winkler, Stephan Windecker, Christoph Huber, Thierry Carrel
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous transapical implantation of transcatheter heart valves in the native mitral and aortic position may be considered as an alternative to surgical valve replacement in high-risk patients presenting with combined valve disease. CASE PRESENTATION: A 59-year-old female with severe aortic stenosis, severe mitral stenosis with mild mitral insufficiency, persistent atrial fibrillation, severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and NYHA class of IV was evaluated by our interdisciplinary heart team...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605469/surgical-ablation-for-persistent-atrial-fibrillation-in-concomitant-cardiac-surgery-mid-long-term-result%C3%A2
#7
Wenda Gu, Huiming Guo, Cong Lu, Huanlei Huang, Jing Liu, Jian Liu, Bin Xie, Ruobin Wu, Jimei Chen, Jian Zhuang
OBJECTIVES: Surgical ablation is an option for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing concomitant cardiac surgery. This study aims to evaluate the outcome of surgical ablation during concomitant cardiac surgery and to identify the independent predictors for a primary end-point consisting of AF or atrial flutter (AFL) recurrence, death, permanent pacemaker implantation and necessity for anti-arrhythmic drugs and the effects of reintervention for AF/AFL recurrence. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for 1028 patients who underwent surgical ablation during concomitant cardiac surgery from October 2004 to April 2015...
June 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593152/treatment-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-elderly-patients-with-the-cox-maze-procedure-concurrently-with-other-cardiac-operations
#8
Ja Hong Kuh, Joon Young Song, Tae Youn Kim, Jong Hun Kim, Jong Bum Choi
BACKGROUND: In elderly patients who have atrial fibrillation (AF), surgical ablation of the arrhythmia during cardiac surgery may be challenging. Despite the reported advantages of ablating AF with the Cox maze procedure (CMP), the addition of the CMP may complicate other cardiac operations. We evaluated the effect of the CMP in elderly patients concurrent with other cardiac operations. METHODS: From October 2007 to December 2015, we enrolled 27 patients aged >70 years who had AF and who underwent the CMP concurrently with other cardiac operations...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583554/enterobacter-cloacae-related-necrotizing-fasciitis-after-peritoneal-dialysis-in-delayed-graft-function-a-case-report
#9
Y-M Choe, K-M Park, Y S Jeon, S G Cho, K C Hong, W Y Shin, J H Song
INTRODUCTION: Necrotizing fasciitis is an uncommon soft-tissue infection that involves the superficial fascia, subcutaneous fat, and deep fascia. Herein, we report the first case of Enterobacter cloacae-related necrotizing fasciitis after peritoneal dialysis in delayed graft function. CASE: A 58-year-old man, who was a hepatitis B-viral carrier and had atrial fibrillation, received cadaveric renal transplantation with peritoneal dialysis and encountered delayed graft function...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578622/modular-minimal-invasive-extracorporeal-circuits-another-step-toward-universal-applicability
#10
Aschraf El-Essawi, Mohammed Morjan, Ingo Breitenbach, Ahmed Bechri, Rene Brouwer, Wolfgang Harringer
INTRODUCTION: Safety concerns have been one of the main reasons opposing a wider acceptance of minimal invasive extracorporeal circuits (MiECC). Following an extensive experience and a multitude of modifications, we have set out to employ a modular MiECC as a universal extracorporeal circuit. METHODS: A total of 129 cardiac surgical procedures were performed by a single surgeon in 2013. Excluding procedures done under circulatory arrest or with the potential need of such, the MiECC was utilized in almost 90% of surgeries...
June 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552276/adjuncts-to-blood-component-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-bleeding-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#11
REVIEW
Jerrold H Levy, Kamrouz Ghadimi, Quintin J Quinones, Raquel R Bartz, Ian Welsby
Patients who are critically ill following surgical or traumatic injury often present with coagulopathy as a component of the complex multisystem dysfunction that clinicians must rapidly diagnose and treat in the intensive care environment. Failure to recognize coagulopathy while volume resuscitation with crystalloid or colloid takes place, or an unbalanced transfusion strategy focused on packed red blood cell transfusion can all significantly worsen coagulopathy, leading to increased transfusion requirements and poor outcomes...
April 25, 2017: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552098/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-in-aortic-stenosis
#12
Van Doan Tuyet Le
Patients with moderate to severe aortic stenosis (AVA <1.3 cm(2)) who were judged, by a referring cardiologist, as asymptomatic or equivocal symptomatic from the aortic stenosis were included in the study. Patients with left ventricular ejection fraction <50% were not included. Twenty-nine percent of the referred patients were judged asymptomatic and 71% equivocal symptomatic from their valve disease. The mean age was 72 years and 90% of the patients had an AVA-index <0.6 cm(2)/m(2). By clinical evaluation in the outpatient clinic, 48% were judged as having functional limitation corresponding to NYHA≥II...
May 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551045/methylene-blue-for-vasoplegic-syndrome-after-cardiac-operation-early-administration-improves-survival
#13
J Hunter Mehaffey, Lily E Johnston, Robert B Hawkins, Eric J Charles, Leora Yarboro, John A Kern, Gorav Ailawadi, Irving L Kron, Ravi K Ghanta
BACKGROUND: Vasoplegic syndrome, defined by hypotension despite normal or increased cardiac output, is associated with high mortality rate after cardiopulmonary bypass. Methylene blue (MB) is reported to ameliorate vasoplegic syndrome through the nitric oxide pathway. We hypothesized that early administration of MB would improve outcomes in patients with vasoplegic syndrome after cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: All patients that underwent cardiopulmonary bypass at our institution (Jan 1, 2011 to Jun 30, 2016) were identified through our Society of Thoracic Surgery database...
July 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546043/mynx-vascular-closure-device-in-arterial-endovascular-procedures
#14
Michael C Scott, Horace J Spencer, Ahsan T Ali, Mohammed M Moursi, Guillermo A Escobar, Lewis C Lyons, Matthew R Smeds
OBJECTIVE: Vascular closure devices have been used to achieve hemostasis of percutaneous access sites following endovascular procedures, with reported decreased time for arterial control as well as decreased time to ambulation. We sought to determine rates and risk factors of postoperative bleeding complications and failures using these devices from a single institution experienced in the use of vascular closure devices. METHODS: All patients undergoing arterial endovascular procedures with percutaneous access between March 2010 and October 2015 at a single institution were identified and analyzed (n=894)...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544422/assessment-of-clinically-relevant-bleeding-as-a-surrogate-outcome-for-major-bleeding-validation-by-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
S Laporte, C Chapelle, L Bertoletti, E Ollier, P Zufferey, J-C Lega, A Merah, H Décousus, S Schulman, G Meyer, M Cucherat, P Mismetti
BACKGROUND: Clinically relevant bleeding (CRB), comprising major bleeding and clinically relevant non-major bleeding, has been used as a surrogate for major bleeding in most anticoagulant trials, but its validity for estimating compromise between thrombotic and bleeding events has never been assessed. METHODS: We systematically reviewed randomized phase III trials comparing new anticoagulants with standard of care for venous thromboembolism prevention following major orthopedic surgery, venous thromboembolism (VTE) treatment, or stroke and systemic embolism prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF), and reporting both major bleeding and CRB rates...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541599/improvement-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-function-and-left-heart-morphology-in-young-women-with-morbid-obesity-six-months-after-bariatric-surgery
#16
Katarzyna Kurnicka, Justyna Domienik-Karłowicz, Barbara Lichodziejewska, Maksymilian Bielecki, Marta Kozłowska, Sylwia Goliszek, Olga Dzikowska-Diduch, Wojciech Lisik, Maciej Kosieradzki, Piotr Pruszczyk
BACKGROUND: Obesity contributes to left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) and may lead to diastolic heart failure. Weight loss (WL) after bariatric surgery (BS) may influence LV morphology and function. Using echocardiography, this study assessed the effect of WL on LV diastolic function (LVDF) and LV and left atrium (LA) morphology 6 months after BS in young women with morbid obesity. METHODS: Echocardiography was performed in 60 women with BMI ≥ 40kg/m², aged 37...
May 25, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536917/comparison-of-early-outcomes-of-surgical-ablation-procedures-for-atrial-fibrillation-concomitant-to-non-mitral-cardiac-surgery-a-japan-adult-cardiovascular-surgery-database-study
#17
Hideaki Takai, Hiroaki Miyata, Noboru Motomura, Kenichi Sasaki, Takashi Kunihara, Shinichi Takamoto
OBJECTIVE: Although the benefit of surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) performed concomitant to mitral valve surgery is established, whether that performed concomitant to non-mitral cardiac surgery is beneficial remains unclear. In non-mitral, non-left-atriotomy cardiac surgery, the optimal surgical approach for AF remains to be established. Therefore, using the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JACVSD), we compared 2 surgical ablation procedures [the maze procedure and pulmonary vein isolation (PVI)] performed concomitant to non-mitral cardiac surgery...
May 23, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535775/factors-influencing-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-undergoing-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-single-center-experience
#18
Mohamed F Ismail, Ahmed F El-Mahrouk, Tamer H Hamouda, Hanan Radwan, Ali Haneef, Ahmed A Jamjoom
BACKGROUND: The reported incidence of AF after CABG surgery varies from 20 to 40%, with the arrhythmia usually occurring between second and fourth postoperative days. Postoperative AF after CABG was associated with greater in-hospital mortality and worse survival at long-term follow-up. Therefore, intensive attention has focused on the prevention of AF in high-risk patients. Many perioperative factors have been suggested to increase the incidence of postoperative AF after conventional CABG...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514319/prospective-external-validation-of-three-preoperative-risk-scores-for-prediction-of-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-after-cardiac-surgery
#19
Matthew J Cameron, Diem T T Tran, Jean Abboud, Ethan K Newton, Houman Rashidian, Jean-Yves Dupuis
BACKGROUND: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is associated with early and late morbidity and mortality of cardiac surgical patients. Prophylactic treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been recommended to improve outcome in cardiac surgical patients at high risk of developing POAF. Reliable models for prediction of POAF are needed to achieve that goal. This study attempted to externally validate 3 risk models proposed for preoperative prediction of POAF in cardiac surgical patients: the POAF score, the CHA2DS2-VASc score, and the Atrial Fibrillation Risk Index...
May 12, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511557/impact-of-a-perioperative-prophylaxis-guideline-on-post-cardiothoracic-surgery-atrial-fibrillation
#20
Rosanna Li, C Michael White, Jola Mehmeti, Spencer T Martin, Laura C Hobbs
BACKGROUND: National practice guidelines do not provide clear recommendations on combination pharmacological regimens to reduce cardiothoracic surgery (CTS) postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF). OBJECTIVE: This study examines if there is a reduction in POAF rates after implementing a perioperative prophylaxis guideline that includes amiodarone, β-blockers, and high-intensity statins. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected on 400 adults (200 patients pre-guideline implementation and 200 patients post-guideline implementation) with a CHA2DS2-VASc (Congestive Heart Failure, Hypertension, Age, Diabetes Mellitus, and Vascular Disease) score of at least 3 points after CTS...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
keyword
keyword
78773
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"