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Facial cosmetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142178/actual-consumption-amount-of-personal-care-products-reflecting-japanese-cosmetic-habits
#1
Masahiko Yamaguchi, Daisuke Araki, Takeshi Kanamori, Yasuko Okiyama, Hirokazu Seto, Masaki Uda, Masahito Usami, Yutaka Yamamoto, Takuji Masunaga, Hitoshi Sasa
Safety assessments of cosmetics are carried out by identifying possible harmful effects of substances in cosmetic products and assessing the exposure to products containing these substances. The present study provided data on the amounts of cosmetic products consumed in Japan to enhance and complement the existing data from Europe and the United States, i.e., the West. The outcomes of this study increase the accuracy of exposure assessments and enable more sophisticated risk assessment as a part of the safety assessment of cosmetic products...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140385/virtual-treatment-planning-for-implant-retained-nasal-prosthesis-a-clinical-report
#2
Muaiyed Mahmoud Buzayan, Norsiah Binti Yunu, Ha Kien Oon, Omar Tawfiq
Osseointegrated craniofacial implants have improved retention and patients' perceptions of implant-retained nasal prostheses; however, the determination of the available bone sites for implant placement post-rhinectomy is difficult. This case report describes the use of cone beam computed tomography scanning and computer-assisted virtual planning in conjunction with digital photographs for rehabilitation of a facial defect with an implant-retained silicon nasal prosthesis. Two implants were planned in the anatomical area with adequate bone volume to achieve favorable cosmetic outcomes and accessibility for hygiene maintenance...
November 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136056/ideals-of-facial-beauty
#3
Peter W Hashim, John K Nia, Mark Taliercio, Gary Goldenberg
Facial aesthetic procedures are central to cosmetic dermatology. Success depends not only on improving individual structures but also on establishing facial harmony. Several canons of aesthetic dimensions have been described, and these concepts can provide a useful basis for procedural planning. Here, we review aesthetic facial measurements and proportions as well as the variations that may occur in different ethnic groups and the changes that develop with age.
October 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119683/poly-l-lactic-acid-for-the-improvement-of-photodamage-and-rhytids-of-the-d%C3%A3-colletage
#4
Eric C Wilkerson, David J Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) is a biostimulatory filler approved for use in HIV lipoatrophy as well as cosmetic improvement in facial folds and wrinkles in immunocompetent patients. Similar to the face and hands, the décolletage is commonly subject to photodamage and the resulting appearance of rhytids and crepiness, which could benefit from PLLA treatment. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to assess the safety and efficacy of injected PLLA for the improvement in rhytids and crepiness of the décolletage...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117294/computer-assisted-planning-and-3d-printing-assisted-modeling-for-chin-augmentation
#5
Po-Chuan Chang
Background: Patients are frequently not satisfied with the outcome of chin augmentation. Objectives: We report the use of three-dimensional (3D) imaging and printing to design custom fit porous polyethylene chin implants. Methods: Patients requesting chin augmentation received 3D computed tomography (CT) imaging of the facial area. Patients could select the chin contour they desired by viewing 3D images of their face and chin. A 3D mandible replicate was printed from the CT data, and used to sculpt the inner surface of the implant to match the shape of the mandible, and the outer surface to match the contour the patient desired...
May 30, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114430/clinical-and-radiographic-features-of-parry-romberg-syndrome
#6
Mithula Nair, Vidya Ajila, Shruthi Hegde, G Subhas Babu, Rumela Ghosh
Parry-Romberg syndrome or progressive hemifacial atrophy is a craniofacial disorder characterized by slow and progressive atrophy, generally unilateral, of facial tissues including muscles, bones and skin. The coup de sabre is a clear line of demarcation seen between the normal and abnormal structures. The severity of the facial deformity is dependent on the age of onset of the disease. Cosmetic management is the only available treatment and has to be delayed until facial growth is completed. The present case report deals with a 43-year-old woman with progressive hemifacial atrophy which started from the age of 10 months...
2017: J Istanb Univ Fac Dent
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108546/cosmetic-concerns-among-men
#7
REVIEW
Marc Zachary Handler, David J Goldberg
Men are interested in reducing signs of aging, while maintaining a masculine appearance. A chief concern among men is maintenance of scalp hair. Men are also concerned with reducing under eye bags and dark circles. The concern of feminization is of significant importance. Neuromodulators remain the most common cosmetic procedure performed in men. Men often prefer a reduction in facial rhytids, as opposed to elimination of the lines. Softening facial lines in men is meant to maintain an appearance of wisdom, without appearing fragile...
January 2018: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095193/the-effectiveness-of-sternocleidomastoid-flap-versus-superficial-musculoaponeurotic-system-flap-for-the-prevention-of-frey-syndrome-and-facial-depressed-deformity-in-parotid-surgery-for-pleomorphic-adenoma
#8
Marco Manola, Luca Moscillo, Vittorio Simeon, Elena De Luca, Americo Mastella
The purpose of this study was to compare 2 types of reconstruction techniques: sternocleidomastoid (SCM) flap and superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) flap after partial parotidectomy (PP) for preventing Frey syndrome (FS) and concave facial depressed deformity. A total of 99 patients underwent PP for pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. The patients were divided in 2 groups according to the dimension of the tumor: tumors less than 3 cm (group A, 47 patients) and tumors greater than or equal to 3 cm (group B, 52 patients)...
October 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084148/neurophysiological-measures-of-efficacy-and-safety-for-botulinum-toxin-injection-in-facial-and-bulbar-muscles-special-considerations
#9
REVIEW
Mohammad Alimohammadi, Anna Rostedt Punga
Botulinum toxin (BoNT) injections into facial and bulbar muscles are widely and increasingly used as medical treatments for cervical and facial dystonia, facial hemispasm, correction of facial palsy, hyperhidrosis, as well as cosmetic treatment of glabellar lines associated with grief and anger. Although BoNT treatment is generally considered safe, the diffusion of the toxin to surrounding muscles may result in complications, including difficulties swallowing, in a dose-dependent manner. The sensitivity of clinical examination for detecting adverse events after BoNT treatment is limited...
October 30, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084114/comparison-of-postoperative-outcomes-between-monitored-anesthesia-care-and-general-anesthesia-in-closed-reduction-of-nasal-fracture
#10
Hyunwoo Kyung, Jae-Ik Choi, Seung-Han Song, Sang-Ha Oh, Nakheon Kang
Fracture of nasal bone is among the most common facial bone fractures. Reduction of nasal bone fracture is able to be performed under local or general anesthesia. The aim of this study is to compare monitored anesthetic care (MAC) and general anesthesia (GA) based on intraoperative vital signs, and the adverse effects after closed reduction of nasal bone fractures.The authors performed a retrospective study of 45 patients who underwent a closed reduction of nasal bone fracture between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2016...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072225/bilateral-pediatric-mandibular-distraction-for-micrognathia-with-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-and-sleep-apnea
#11
S M Balaji
Mandibular retrognathism is one of the important contributing anatomical factors to the obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Such patients suffer from number of apneic or hypopneic events during sleep such as snoring, daytime sleepiness, fatigue, inability to concentrate, and irritability. Distraction osteogenesis is a less invasive surgical technique in the management of OSA by correcting the reduced airway space. Apart from correcting functional disturbances due to OSA, it also corrects the facial profile resulting in the substantial improvement in cosmetic appearance...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070025/daylight-photodynamic-therapy-versus-cryosurgery-for-the-treatment-and-prophylaxis-of-actinic-keratoses-of-the-face%C3%A2-%C3%A2-protocol-of-a-multicenter-prospective-randomized-controlled-two-armed-study
#12
E Kohl, M Koller, F Zeman, R-M Szeimies, W G Philipp-Dormston, W Prager, P A Gerber, S Karrer
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy with daylight (DL-PDT) is efficacious in treating actinic keratosis (AK), but the efficacy of field-directed, repetitive DL-PDT for the treatment and prophylaxis of AK in photodamaged facial skin has not yet been investigated. METHODS/DESIGN: In this multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled, two-armed, observer-blinded trial, patients with a minimum of 5 mild-to-moderate AK lesions on photodamaged facial skin are randomly allocated to two treatment groups: DL-PDT with methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) and cryosurgery...
October 25, 2017: BMC Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067471/the-incidence-of-psychiatric-medication-use-and-its-effect-on-intraoperative-bleeding-in-facial-cosmetic-patients
#13
Donald Harvey, Ayesha Punjabi, Haruko Okada, Samantha Zwiebel, Hooman Riazi, Bahman Guyuron
PURPOSE: Psychiatric medications, particularly the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, have been associated with increased surgical bleeding. This study aims to compare intraoperative surgical bleeding between cosmetic surgery patients who are and are not taking psychiatric medications. METHODS: The charts of 392 consecutive patients who underwent cosmetic facial surgery at the senior author's practice were reviewed. Independent variables included self-reported psychiatric history, psychiatric diagnoses, and psychiatric medications as documented in the preoperative history and physical examination...
October 24, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064991/efficacy-of-incobotulinumtoxina-for-the-treatment-of-glabellar-frown-lines-in-male-subjects-post-hoc-analyses-from-randomized-double-blind-pivotal-studies
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Derek H Jones, Martina Kerscher, Thorin Geister, Michael A Hast, Petra Weissenberger
BACKGROUND: Males are increasingly seeking minimally invasive cosmetic procedures such as botulinum toxin injection. However, few studies have specifically examined the efficacy of such procedures among men. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of incobotulinumtoxinA for treating glabellar frown lines (GFLs) in men. METHODS: Three incobotulinumtoxinA studies were included in post hoc analyses of responder rates: 2 pivotal Phase 3 US registration studies for GFLs (n = 55 males in a pooled analysis) and a European pivotal Phase 3 study for upper facial lines (UFLs; n = 21 males)...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064988/signs-of-facial-aging-in-men-in-a-diverse-multinational-study-timing-and-preventive-behaviors
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Anthony M Rossi, Joseph Eviatar, Jeremy B Green, Robert Anolik, Michael Eidelman, Terrence C Keaney, Vic Narurkar, Derek Jones, Julia Kolodziejczyk, Adrienne Drinkwater, Conor J Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Men are a growing patient population in aesthetic medicine and are increasingly seeking minimally invasive cosmetic procedures. OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in the timing of facial aging and in the prevalence of preventive facial aging behaviors in men by race/ethnicity. METHODS: Men aged 18 to 75 years in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and Australia rated their features using photonumeric rating scales for 10 facial aging characteristics...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064982/lasers-and-energy-based-devices-in-men
#16
REVIEW
Milène K Crispin, George J Hruza, Suzanne L Kilmer
BACKGROUND: The demand for cosmetic treatments with lasers and energy-based devices has increased among men, but there is a dearth of literature that addresses the approach and treatment of cosmetic male patients. OBJECTIVE: To summarize common cosmetic concerns for which male patients seek cosmetic treatments and to provide sex-specific recommendations for the lasers and energy-based devices that can be used for treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors conducted a literature search using the PubMed/MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases using the search terms male, men, gender, and cosmetic dermatology...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062658/cosmetic-surgery-training-in-plastic-surgery-residency-programs
#17
Colton H L McNichols, Silviu Diaconu, Sara Alfadil, Jhade Woodall, Michael Grant, Scott Lifchez, Arthur Nam, Yvonne Rasko
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, plastic surgery programs have continued to evolve with the addition of 1 year of training, increase in the minimum number of required aesthetic cases, and the gradual replacement of independent positions with integrated ones. To evaluate the impact of these changes on aesthetic training, a survey was sent to residents and program directors. METHODS: A 37 question survey was sent to plastic surgery residents at all Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-approved plastic surgery training programs in the United States...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057502/validation-of-digital-photographic-reference-scales-for-evaluating-facial-aging-signs
#18
Randa Jdid, Julie Latreille, Frédérique Soppelsa, Erwin Tschachler, Frédérique Morizot
BACKGROUND: Validated tools are essential to evaluate facial skin aging for both dermatological and cosmetic investigations. While many visual aging scales have been developed, few have been validated and none in terms of degree of distinguishability (DD). We developed and validated a series of visual scales using a novel digital interface for scoring facial skin aging in Caucasian women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three dermatologists independently established scales for 12 distinct aging signs from high-definition facial photographs of 400 adult women (Fitzpatrick phototypes I-IV) taken under standardized conditions...
October 22, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044363/the-value-of-a-resident-aesthetic-clinic-a-7-year-institutional-review-and-survey-of-the-chief-resident-experience
#19
Jason M Weissler, Martin J Carney, Chen Yan, Ivona Percec
Background: With the evolving plastic surgery training paradigm, there is an increasing emphasis on aesthetic surgery education during residency. In an effort to improve aesthetic education and to encourage preparation for independent practice, our institution has supported a resident-run aesthetic clinic for over two decades. Objectives: To provide insight into the educational benefits of a resident-run cosmetic clinic through longitudinal resident follow up and institutional experiential review...
October 16, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035285/dermoscopy-and-patch-testing-in-patients-with-lichen-planus-pigmentosus-on-face-a-cross-sectional-observational-study-in-fifty-indian-patients
#20
Vinod Kumar Sharma, Vishal Gupta, Piyush Pahadiya, Kamal Kumar Vedi, Sudheer Arava, M Ramam
BACKGROUND: Lichen planus pigmentosus (LPP) is a common cause of facial melanosis in the dark-skinned population. At present, information on dermoscopy and patch testing in LPP is limited. OBJECTIVES: To describe dermoscopic findings and study the role of patch testing in patients with LPP on the face. METHODS: Facial lesions of 50 patients with LPP were studied dermoscopically, followed by histological evaluation. Patch and photopatch tests with the Indian Standard Series and Scandinavian series, respectively, and patient's own cosmetics were performed on all patients...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
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