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Facial cosmetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782304/role-of-in-vivo-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-in-the-analysis-of-melanocytic-lesions
#1
Elena-Daniela Serban, Francesca Farnetani, Giovanni Pellacani, Maria Magdalena Constantin
Worldwide melanoma incidence and mortality are increasing (1). Despite the ongoing research, advanced melanoma is still incurable; therefore, the most appropriate solution seems to be early detection combined with complete surgical excision (2). Since the diagnostic protocol of suspicious lesions includes a complete excision with safety margins (2), the problem of unnecessary scarring is significant. The real challenge in this case is to have a properly formulated diagnosis before acquiring a biopsy. Currently available non-invasive techniques are coherence tomography, digital dermoscopy, and reflectance confocal microscopy...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780909/disseminated-silicone-granulomatosis-in-the-face-and-orbit
#2
Tiffany A Chen, Carmel L Mercado, Katie L Topping, Benjamin P Erickson, Kimberly P Cockerham, Andrea L Kossler
Purpose: To report a case of disseminated silicone granulomatosis presenting with ptosis, proptosis and vision loss. Observations: A 56-year-old female presented with ptosis, proptosis, and vision loss and was noted to have palpable, erythematous masses involving the orbit, face, trunk, and body. She had a history of bilateral silicone breast implants and cosmetic facial filler injections. Orbital biopsy demonstrated non-caseating granulomas with foreign-body giant cells and vacuoles containing material consistent with silicone...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779613/facial-plastic-surgery-in-the-geriatric-population
#3
REVIEW
Ian Newberry, Eric W Cerrati, J Regan Thomas
Greater life expectancy with advancements in technology and medicine has led to an increasing interest in facial rejuvenation. Facial aging is an inevitable process that largely results from soft tissue descent and volumetric deflation. However, a comprehensive knowledge of the aging process and precise assessment of the exact pathologies yielding the patient's senescent appearance is essential to produce the best cosmetic outcome. The surgeon must evaluate each region independently and the aging face as a whole to ensure a pleasing, natural appearance...
May 17, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768073/an-open-label-non-randomized-prospective-pilot-study-of-the-efficacy-of-q-switched-nd-yag-laser-in-management-of-facial-lichen-planus-pigmentosus
#4
Dr Swapnil Deepak Shah, Dr Sanjeev Aurangabadkar, Dr Balkrishna Nikam
Lichen planus pigmentosus (LPP) is a cosmetically disfiguring condition. Many treatment options are available which are effective in halting the progression of the disease. The treatment of persistent pigmentation is still a challenge. We describe the use of Q-switched Nd-YAG laser in 13 patients with stable LPP using a standard protocol. Most of our patients showed complete to near-complete resolution of pigment without much complications.
May 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756617/is-it-possible-to-define-the-ideal-lips
#5
M Kar, N B Muluk, S A Bafaqeeh, C Cingi
The lips are an essential component of the symmetry and aesthetics of the face. Cosmetic surgery to modify the lips has recently gained in popularity, but the results are in some cases disasterous. In this review, we describe the features of the ideal lips for an individual's face. The features of the ideal lips with respect to facial anatomy, important anatomical landmarks of the face, the facial proportions of the lips and ethnic and sexual differences are described. The projection and relative sizes of the upper and lower lips are as significant to lip aesthetics as the proportion of the lips to the rest of the facial structure...
February 2018: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754158/-a-phd-completed-midfacial-trauma-patients-in-amsterdam-an-epidemiological-survey
#6
E G Salentijn
A population of patients in Amsterdam with midfacial fractures was studied. Traffic accidents were found to be the most common cause, followed by violence and falls. The zygomatic complex was the most common fracture site. The majority of surgically treated patients consisted of men between 20 and 29 years of age. In addition to fracture displacement, indicative factors for surgery appear to be age, comorbidity and the presence or absence of functional problems. 8.1% of the surgically treated patients appear to have suffered brain damage...
May 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724622/improved-outcomes-of-scar-revision-with-the-use-of-polydioxanone-suture-in-comparison-to-polyglactin-910-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Deepti Gupta, Upendra Sharma, Shashank Chauhan, Shamendra Anand Sahu
Scars have multiple cosmetic and functional sequelae, and revision surgeries are an attempt to ameliorate these effects. Reduction of spread of the revised scar is one of the main objectives of revision procedures. Provision of prolonged dermal support to wound can theoretically reduce spread of the scar. We carried out a randomized controlled trial and objectively evaluated the impact of two commonly used absorbable sutures, Polyglactin 910 and Polydioxanone, on scar spread and quality. Sixty patients with post-traumatic scars of 1 year in duration were enrolled in the study and randomly divided into two groups of 30 each...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704275/the-smart-approach-feasibility-of-lentigo-maligna-superficial-margin-assessment-with-handheld-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-technology
#8
G Pellacani, N De Carvalho, S Ciardo, B Ferrari, A M Cesinaro, F Farnetani, S Bassoli, P Guitera, P Star, R Rawson, E Rossi, C Magnoni, G Gualdi, C Longo, A Scope
BACKGROUND: Lentigo maligna may be challenging to clear surgically. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate feasibility of using superficial skin cuts as RCM imaging anchors for attaining negative surgical margins in lentigo maligna. METHODS: Included patients presented with lentigo maligna near cosmetically-sensitive facial structures. We evaluated, with handheld-RCM, microscopic clearance of melanoma beyond its dermoscopically-detected edges. Evaluated margins were annotated using shallow skin-cuts...
April 28, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684804/aesthetic-considerations-in-flap-reconstruction-of-the-burnt-face-in-males-a-demonstrative-case-report
#9
Abdullah E Kattan, Mohammad M Al-Qattan
INTRODUCTION: The face is unique because functional and aesthetic considerations are equally important. Extensive deep chemical burns of the face are usually reconstructed with flaps. In males, the use of the hair - bearing superficial temporal artery flap has the advantage of achieving a satisfactory outcome with regards to both function and aesthetics. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 49-year-old man sustained a deep chemical burn to the right side of the face and neck...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678374/feasibility-of-a-new-v-shaped-incision-for-parotidectomy-a-preliminary-report
#10
D Ahn, J H Sohn, G J Lee
We report the design of a new V-shaped incision for parotidectomy that involves only preauricular and postauricular incisions and no hairline or upper cervical incision. It can be used to approach almost all the superficial parotid region, including the superior and anterior divisions, with minimal scarring. To evaluate its technical feasibility, safety, and cosmetic results, we prospectively enrolled 15 patients (between September 2015 and September 2016) who had partial parotidectomy as the primary treatment for benign parotid tumours...
April 17, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667799/shrink-that-frown-botulinum-toxin-therapy-is-lifting-the-face-of-psychiatry
#11
M Axel Wollmer, Insa Neumann, Michelle Magid, Tillmann H Kruger
Treating glabellar frown lines with injections of botulinum toxin is the most frequently applied procedure in aesthetic medicine. In addition to its cosmetic effect, botulinum toxin may also positively modulate mood and affect, which may contribute to its popularity. A series of clinical studies has shown that this modulation can be used in the treatment of major depression. After a single glabellar treatment with botulinum toxin, patients suffering from unipolar depression experienced a quick, strong and sustained improvement in the symptoms of depression...
April 18, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659404/prospective-cohort-study-investigating-changes-in-body-image-quality-of-life-and-self-esteem-following-minimally-invasive-cosmetic-procedures
#12
Joseph F Sobanko, Julia Dai, Joel M Gelfand, David B Sarwer, Ivona Percec
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive cosmetic injectable procedures are increasingly common. However, a few studies have investigated changes in psychosocial functioning following these treatments. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in body image, quality of life, and self-esteem following cosmetic injectable treatment with soft tissue fillers and neuromodulators. METHODS: Open, prospective study of 75 patients undergoing cosmetic injectable procedures for facial aging to evaluate changes in psychosocial functioning within 6 weeks of treatment...
April 13, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652578/mr-imaging-of-the-fetal-face-comprehensive-review
#13
Murali Nagarajan, Kedar G Sharbidre, Sudeep H Bhabad, Sharon E Byrd
The human face is a complex anatomic structure with an equally complex embryologic development. Derangement of the developmental process can result in various structural anomalies, which range from a mainly cosmetic deformity, such as cleft lip, to potentially life-threatening conditions such as arhinia. These anomalies (a) can occur as isolated anomalies; (b) can be associated with intracranial, spinal, or dental anomalies; or (c) can be a part of various syndromes, thus serving as diagnostic clues in such cases...
April 13, 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649062/national-mortality-rates-after-outpatient-cosmetic-surgery-and-low-rates-of-perioperative-deep-vein-thrombosis-screening-and-prophylaxis
#14
Alexandra Bucknor, Sabine Egeler, Austin Chen, Anmol Chattha, Parisa Kamali, Gary Brownstein, Lawrence Reed, David Watts, Samuel J Lin
BACKGROUND: Concerns have arisen over reports of deaths occurring after certain outpatient plastic surgery procedures. Here, we present a detailed analysis of the American Association for the Accreditation of Ambulatory Surgical Facilities (AAAASF) database and report on deaths occurring after outpatient cosmetic surgical procedures, causative factors, and venous thromboembolism (VTE) screening rates. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the AAAASF database was performed for the years 2012-2017...
March 29, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645392/patient-satisfaction-in-1-827-patients-following-various-methods-of-facial-reconstruction-based-on-age-defect-size-and-site
#15
Saskia Maria Schnabl, Helmut Breuninger, Eleni Iordanou, Alexander Scheu, Lukas Kofler, Hans-Martin Häfner, Franziska Carola Eberle
BACKGROUND: Defect coverage following tumor excision requires a case-by-case decision as regards the optimal reconstruction technique. In the head and neck region in particular, the cosmetic outcome is of major importance. The objective of the present study was to compare various reconstruction methods in terms of their functional and aesthetic outcome based on patient age, defect size and site. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall, 1,827 patients (age: 18-92 years, median age: 56 years) were contacted...
April 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618929/original-endoscopic-orbital-decompression-of-lateral-wall-through-hairline-approach-for-graves-ophthalmopathy-an-innovation-of-balanced-orbital-decompression
#16
Yi Gong, Jiayang Yin, Boding Tong, Jingkun Li, Jiexi Zeng, Zhongkun Zuo, Fei Ye, Yongheng Luo, Jing Xiao, Wei Xiong
Background: Orbital decompression is an important surgical procedure for treatment of Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO), especially in women. It is reasonable for balanced orbital decompression of the lateral and medial wall. Various surgical approaches, including endoscopic transnasal surgery for medial wall and eye-side skin incision surgery for lateral wall, are being used nowadays, but many of them lack the validity, safety, or cosmetic effect. Patients and methods: Endoscopic orbital decompression of lateral wall through hairline approach and decompression of medial wall via endoscopic transnasal surgery was done to achieve a balanced orbital decompression, aiming to improve the appearance of proptosis and create conditions for possible strabismus and eyelid surgery afterward...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611410/total-transcanal-endoscopic-facial-nerve-decompression-for-traumatic-facial-nerve-palsy
#17
Aveline Aloyce Kahinga, Ji Hyuk Han, In Seok Moon
A few approaches can be used to decompress traumatic facial nerve paralysis including the middle cranial fossa approach or transmastoid approach depending on the site of injury. In some specific situation of treating traumatic facial nerve palsy whose injured site was confined from the geniculate ganglion to the second genu, transcanal endoscopic approach for facial nerve decompression can be used. We performed two cases of total endoscopic transcanal facial nerve decompression in patients with traumatic facial nerve palsy...
May 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607622/ischemic-oculomotor-nerve-palsy-due-to-hyaluronic-acid-filler-injection
#18
In Ho Bae, Min Sung Kim, Hoon Choi, Chan Ho Na, Bong Seok Shin
Hyaluronic acid (HA) is the most popular agent today for intradermal injections to improve wrinkles and other cosmetic defects. Ischemic necrosis due to injection of HA is one of the serious complications. Because there are many vascular branches around the nose, caution and care should be given during facial filler injection. Although the incidence is rare, blindness and permanent visual loss may occur. We describe a 29-year-old woman presented with painful erythematous swelling with violaceous patch on right periocular area and glabella after HA filler injection...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601623/dynamic-changes-of-facial-supporting-cornerstones-pillars-considerations-in-aesthetic-approach
#19
Luiz Eduardo Toledo Avelar, Camila Eduardo de Paula Cazerta, Marcelo Neira Avè, Danielle Ioshimoto Shitara
The bony structures of the face provide the framework upon which the soft-tissue envelope rests, such that facial symmetry and proportionality usually depend upon the morphological patterns and anthropometrical measurements of a symmetrical skull. Facial bony pillars are dynamic and variable according to the demands placed upon them, as well as gender and aging differences. Thus, a more profound knowledge of facial supporting pillars and their dynamic behavior by physicians who practice minimally cosmetic procedures would allow for a more natural approach to facial beautification...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566922/nonsurgical-treatment-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-in-the-mature-patient
#20
Romana Čeović, Mikela Petković, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Krešimir Kostović
Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common cancer, with the median age at NMSC diagnosis is 71 years. Treatment options for NMSC include surgical therapy, which is usually the first-choice treatment, and nonsurgical modalities. Therapeutic modalities depend on tumor localization, histologic type, and biologic behavior, as well as patient comorbidities, age, and life expectancy. Nonsurgical treatments include cryotherapy, local therapies (imiquimod, 5-fluorouracil, ingenol mebutate, and diclofenac), photodynamic therapy, radiotherapy, and hedgehog inhibitors...
March 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
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