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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531243/increased-postural-sway-during-quiet-stance-as-a-risk-factor-for-prospective-falls-in-community-dwelling-elderly-individuals
#1
Jonas Johansson, Anna Nordström, Yngve Gustafson, Göran Westling, Peter Nordström
Objective: fall-related injuries constitute major health risks in older individuals, and these risks are projected to increase in parallel with increasing human longevity. Impaired postural stability is a potential risk factor related to falls, although the evidence is inconclusive, partly due to the lack of prospective studies. This study aimed to investigate how objective measures of postural sway predict incident falls. Design, setting and participants: this prospectively observational study included 1,877 community-dwelling individuals aged 70 years who participated in the Healthy Ageing Initiative between June 2012 and December 2015...
May 22, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530486/y-balance-test-performance-following-a-competitive-field-hockey-season-a-pretest-posttest-study
#2
Matthew C Hoch, Lauren A Welsch, Emily M Hartley, Cameron J Powden, Johanna M Hoch
CONTEXT: The Y-Balance Test (YBT) is a dynamic balance assessment used as a preseason musculoskeletal screen to determine injury risk. While the YBT has demonstrated excellent test-retest reliability, it is unknown if YBT performance changes following participation in a competitive athletic season. OBJECTIVE: Determine if a competitive athletic season affects YBT performance in field hockey players. DESIGN: Pretest-posttest. SETTING: Laboratory...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530342/-behavioral-physiological-and-morphological-characteristics-associated-with-post-traumatic-response-to-continuous-exposure-versus-alternate-exposure-in-an-animal-model-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#3
Ishay Ostfeld, Zeev Kaplan, Hagit Cohen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to approximate these conditions in an animal model of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). More specifically, the neurobiological basis of these conditions, focusing on stress-related behavioral changes, HPA-axis and morphological were evaluated. The intention was to employ this well-validated, reproducible and reliable model for PTSD, to elicit data which will provide some guidance in the planning of a prospective study involving military personal. BACKGROUND: Combat personnel are exposed to significant stress and hardship, both physical and emotional, during their service and especially during active combat...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530076/-osteoporosis-and-diabetes-in-which-way-are-they-related
#4
REVIEW
Osnat Tell-Lebanon, Pnina Rotman-Pikielny
Diabetes and osteoporosis are common diseases with growing prevalence in the aging population. Many recent studies have reported an association between diabetes mellitus and an increased osteoporotic fracture rate. Compared to control subjects, decreased bone mineral density has been observed in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, while those with type 2 diabetes display a unique skeletal phenotype of increased bone mineral density, but impaired architectural structure and mineral properties. Accumulation of advanced glycation end products changes collagen structure and suppression of bone turnover causes impairment of repair and adaptation mechanisms...
November 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529914/characteristics-of-postintensive-care-syndrome-in-survivors-of-pediatric-critical-illness-a-systematic-review
#5
Elizabeth A Herrup, Beth Wieczorek, Sapna R Kudchadkar
AIM: To synthesize the available evidence focusing on morbidities in pediatric survivors of critical illness that fall within the defined construct of postintensive care syndrome (PICS) in adults, including physical, neurocognitive and psychological morbidities. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and CINAHL using controlled vocabulary and key word terms to identify studies reporting characteristics of PICS in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients...
May 4, 2017: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529679/new-era-of-electronic-brachytherapy
#6
EDITORIAL
Prabhakar Ramachandran
Traditional brachytherapy refers to the placement of radioactive sources on or inside the cancer tissues. Based on the type of sources, brachytherapy can be classified as radionuclide and electronic brachytherapy. Electronic brachytherapy uses miniaturized X-ray sources instead of radionuclides to deliver high doses of radiation. The advantages of electronic brachytherapy include low dose to organs at risk, reduced dose to treating staff, no leakage radiation in off state, less shielding, and no radioactive waste...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529276/association-between-the-risk-of-falls-and-osteoporotic-fractures-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Maki Yokomoto-Umakoshi, Ippei Kanazawa, Shiori Kondo, Toshitsugu Sugimoto
Diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of falls, which increases the incidence of osteoporotic fractures and accordingly decreases quality of life. However, the association between fall risk and diabetic complications is not completely understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the association between fall risk and osteoporotic fractures in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We enrolled 194 Japanese patients with T2DM and assessed their fall risk using a brief interview form that included five items covering physical and social aspects of functioning and environmental factors...
May 19, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527854/barriers-to-initiation-of-extended-release-naltrexone-among-hiv-infected-adults-with-alcohol-use-disorders
#8
Hélène Chokron Garneau, Alexandra Venegas, Richard Rawson, Lara A Ray, Suzette Glasner
Alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for the acquisition of HIV/AIDS and is associated with greater disease burden and mortality among those who become HIV-infected. Of the extant pharmacological treatments for alcohol use disorders, naltrexone is recognized as one of the most efficacious, producing robust reductions in alcohol craving and use. Given that treatment with oral naltrexone has been limited by problems with adherence, which are particularly prevalent among individuals with multiple chronic, co-occurring conditions, long-acting formulations may be a promising approach for HIV-infected substance users...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526585/impaired-response-selection-during-stepping-predicts-falls-in-older-people-a-cohort-study
#9
Daniel Schoene, Kim Delbaere, Stephen R Lord
BACKGROUND: Response inhibition, an important executive function, has been identified as a risk factor for falls in older people. This study investigated whether step tests that include different levels of response inhibition differ in their ability to predict falls and whether such associations are mediated by measures of attention, speed, and/or balance. METHODS: A cohort study with a 12-month follow-up was conducted in community-dwelling older people without major cognitive and mobility impairments...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526584/a-simple-algorithm-to-predict-falls-in-primary-care-patients-aged-65-to-74%C3%A2-years-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#10
Fernando Gomez, Yan Yan Wu, Mohammad Auais, Afshin Vafaei, Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui
OBJECTIVE: Primary care practitioners need simple algorithms to identify older adults at higher risks of falling. Classification and regression tree (CaRT) analyses are useful tools for identification of clinical predictors of falls. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Community-dwelling older adults at 5 diverse sites: Tirana (Albania), Natal (Brazil), Manizales (Colombia), Kingston (Ontario, Canada), and Saint-Hyacinthe (Quebec, Canada)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526065/malnutrition-and-poor-oral-health-status-are-major-risks-among-primary-school-children-at-lasbela-balochistan-pakistan
#11
Muhammad Ayaz Mustufa, Abdul Karim Jamali, Ifra Sameen, Fateh Muhammad Burfat, Mir Yousaf Baloch, Abdul Hameed Baloch, Ghulam Rasool Baloch, Shazia Kulsoom Lashari, Sobiya Mohiuddin Ayaz, Muhammad Younus Baloch
BACKGROUND: This survey was focusing on health and oral hygiene status of primary school children at Lasbela district considering the comparatively less developed and socio demographically deprived part of the Country. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the health status of primary school children in seven tehseels of district Lasbela, Balochistan after applying proportionate sampling technique from March 2015 to July 2015. Field teams visited assigned schools to screen children and collect health related data on predesigned and pre coded proforma...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525964/an-observational-study-of-suicide-death-in-homeless-and-precariously-housed-people-in-toronto
#12
Mark Sinyor, Nicole Kozloff, Catherine Reis, Ayal Schaffer
OBJECTIVE: Homelessness has been identified as an important risk factor for suicide death, but there is limited research characterising homeless people who die by suicide. The goal of this study is to identify personal, clinical, and suicide method-related factors that distinguish homeless and precariously housed people who die from suicide from those who are not homeless at the time of suicide. METHODS: Coroner records were reviewed for all suicide deaths in Toronto from 1998 to 2012...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525559/first-onset-mental-disorders-after-cancer-diagnosis-and-cancer-specific-mortality-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#13
J Zhu, F Fang, A Sjölander, K Fall, H O Adami, U Valdimarsdóttir
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of cancer is strongly associated with the risk of mental disorders even in patients with no previous history of mental disorders. Accumulating data suggest that mental distress may accelerate tumor progression. We hypothesized therefore that mental disorders after a cancer diagnosis may increase the risk of cancer-specific mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a nationwide cohort study including 244,261 cancer patients diagnosed in Sweden during 2004-2009 and followed them through 2010...
May 19, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524713/usual-alcohol-consumption-and-risks-for-nonfatal-fall-injuries-in-the-united-states-results-from-the-2004-2013-national-health-interview-survey
#14
Chiung M Chen, Young-Hee Yoon
BACKGROUND: Acute alcohol consumption is known to be a risk factor for fall injuries. OBJECTIVE: The study sought to determine whether usual alcohol consumption increases the risk for nonfatal fall injuries. METHOD: Data from 289,187 sample adults in the 2004-2013 U.S. National Health Interview Surveys were analyzed. Of these, 3,368 (∼1%) reported a total of 3,579 fall-injury episodes requiring medical consultation in the past 3 months...
May 19, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524114/bath-ambience-a-mechatronic-system-for-assisting-the-caregivers-of-bedridden-people
#15
Karolina Bezerra, José Machado, Vítor Carvalho, Marcelo Castro, Pedro Costa, Demétrio Matos, Filomena Soares
The health of older people is receiving special attention and dedication nowadays, with the aim of increasing their general wellbeing and quality of life. Studies into different aspects of the care of the elderly have found that emphasis should be given to solving problems related to bathing in different situations and environments. In particular, it is important to develop new assistive technologies to streamline and ease the burden of a caregiver's daily tasks. Generally-speaking, in the case of bedridden patients, bathing is typically carried out manually by a caregiver, using towels, sponges, and a water basin...
May 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517243/sarcopenia-is-a-risk-factor-for-falling-in-independently-living-japanese-older-adults-a-2-year-prospective-cohort-study-of-the-gaina-study
#16
Hiromi Matsumoto, Chika Tanimura, Shinji Tanishima, Mari Osaki, Hisashi Noma, Hiroshi Hagino
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether sarcopenia was associated with future falls in the general Japanese older population. METHODS: This study was a 2-year prospective observational study. Participants were recruited from individuals who had an annual town-sponsored medical check-up and had not received nursing care. The inclusion criteria for participants in our study were: (i) agreement to participate; (ii) living independently; and (iii) the ability to walk to where the survey was carried out and to provide self-reported data...
May 18, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513119/low-borderline-levels-of-serum-vitamin-b12-may-predict-cognitive-decline-in-elderly-hip-fracture-patients
#17
Eliyahu H Mizrahi, Emilia Lubart, Arthur Leibovitz
BACKGROUND: The progression from cognitive impairment to dementia is a multifactorial process that involves genetic and environmental factors. Vitamin B12 deficiency can be an important factor in the progress from cognitive decline to dementia. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between borderline low level of vitamin B12 (≤ 350 pg/ml) and cognitive decline among a group of elderly hip fracture patients. METHODS: This retrospective chart review study was conducted in a geriatric rehabilitation ward of a university-affiliated referral hospital...
May 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509934/the-role-of-the-prefrontal-cortex-in-freezing-of-gait-in-parkinson-s-disease-insights-from-a-deep-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-exploratory-study
#18
Moria Dagan, Talia Herman, Anat Mirelman, Nir Giladi, Jeffrey M Hausdorff
Freezing of Gait (FOG) is one of the most debilitating gait impairments in Parkinson's disease (PD), leading to increased fall risk and reduced health-related quality of life. The utility of parkinsonian medications is often limited in the case of FOG and it frequently becomes dopamine resistant. Recent studies have suggested that pre-frontal cortex (PFC) dysfunction contributes to FOG; however, most previous findings provide only indirect evidence. To better understand the role of the PFC, we aimed to investigate the impact of high frequency, deep, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (drTMS) of the medial PFC on FOG and its mediators...
May 16, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507300/minimum-toe-clearance-probing-the-neural-control-of-locomotion
#19
Tim Killeen, Christopher S Easthope, László Demkó, Linard Filli, Lilla Lőrincz, Michael Linnebank, Armin Curt, Björn Zörner, Marc Bolliger
Minimum toe clearance (MTC) occurs during a highly dynamic phase of the gait cycle and is associated with the highest risk of unintentional contact with obstacles or the ground. Age, cognitive function, attention and visual feedback affect foot clearance but how these factors interact to influence MTC control is not fully understood. We measured MTC in 121 healthy individuals aged 20-80 under four treadmill walking conditions; normal walking, lower visual field restriction and two Stroop colour/word naming tasks of two difficulty levels...
May 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505601/the-association-between-attempted-suicide-and-stock-price-movements-evidence-from-taiwan
#20
Chung-Liang Lin, Tsai-Ching Liu, Chin-Shyan Chen
This study is the first comprehensive analysis to investigate the potential association between stock market fluctuations and attempted suicide events as measured by self-inflicted injuries treated in hospitalization. Using nationwide, 15-year population-based data from 1998 through 2012, we observe that the occurrences for the hospitalizations of attempted suicides are apparently predicted by stock price movements. A low stock price index, a daily fall in the stock index, and consecutive daily falls in the stock index have been shown to be associated with increased risk of hospitalization in patients with attempted suicide...
May 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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