keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Outbreak

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329653/introducing-public-health-themes-in-clinical-dermatology
#1
Scott A Norton
The ACGME's Core Competencies comprise six domains, which in turn contain dozens of often overlapping milestones. Several competencies explicitly invoke public health topics - but if one wears the right set of lenses, nearly every milestone, nearly every aspect of health and medicine, can be viewed from a public health perspective. Why then is Dermatology generally taught - and practiced - in an Intensive Care manner, where seemingly unlimited diagnostic & therapeutic efforts focus on single individuals, not the community?In this presentation, I argue that topics of public health concern should not be relegated to the minor leagues of GME...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329394/intermediate-follow-up-of-pediatric-patients-with-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-during-the-2011-outbreak-caused-by-e-coli-o104-h4
#2
Sebastian Loos, Wiebke Aulbert, Bernd Hoppe, Thurid Ahlenstiel-Grunow, Birgitta Kranz, Charlotte Wahl, Hagen Staude, Alexander Humberg, Kerstin Benz, Martin Krause, Martin Pohl, Max C Liebau, Raphael Schild, Johanna Lemke, Ortraud Beringer, Dominik Müller, Christoph Härtel, Marianne Wigger, Udo Vester, Martin Konrad, Dieter Haffner, Lars Pape, Jun Oh, Markus J Kemper
Background.: In 2011 Escherichia coli O104:H4 caused an outbreak with over 800 cases of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in Germany, including 90 children. Data on the intermediate outcome in children after HUS due to E. coli O104:H4 have been lacking. Methods.: Follow-up data were gathered retrospectively from the medical records of patients who had been included in the German Pediatric HUS Registry during the 2011 outbreak. Results.: A total of 72/89 (81%) of the patients was included after a median follow-up of 3...
March 13, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329351/hepatitis-a-outbreak-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-a-country-of-low-endemicity-of-hepatitis-a-infection
#3
Guan-Jhou Chen, Kuan-Yin Lin, Chien-Ching Hung, Shan-Chwen Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329274/trichinella-nativa-outbreak-with-rare-thrombotic-complications-associated-with-meat-from-a-black-bear-hunted-in-northern-ontario
#4
Daniel Dalcin, Dante S Zarlenga, Nicholas C Larter, Eric Hoberg, Daniel A Boucher, Samuel Merrifield, Rachel Lau, Filip Ralevski, Karamjit Cheema, Kevin L Schwartz, Andrea K Boggild
Background: Although trichinellosis is known to cause thrombotic disease, serious thrombotic events are rare and have not been previously associated with Trichinella nativa infection. Methods: Patient interviews and medical chart reviews were conducted on 10 men who became ill following consumption of a common source of black bear meat. Trichinella serology on patient sera as well as PCR and larval identification of the meat samples was conducted. Results: All 10 exposed individuals developed an acute illness clinically compatible with trichinellosis, characterized by fever, abdominal pain, and diarrhea, along with eosinophilia ranging from 0...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329069/giardiasis-and-subsequent-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-using-health-insurance-data
#5
Jolene H Nakao, Sarah A Collier, Julia W Gargano
Background.: Giardia intestinalis is the most commonly reported human intestinal parasite in the United States. Increased incidence of chronic gastrointestinal complaints has been reported after some giardiasis outbreaks. We examined the relationship between giardiasis diagnosis and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) diagnosis. Methods.: We used the 2006-2010 MarketScan commercial insurance database. Persons with at least 1 giardiasis diagnosis were individually matched on age group, sex, and enrollment length in months to 5 persons without a giardiasis diagnosis...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328866/the-2015-new-york-city-legionnaires-disease-outbreak-a-case-study-on-a-history-making-outbreak
#6
Allison T Chamberlain, Jonathan D Lehnert, Ruth L Berkelman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328377/catholic-social-teaching-and-the-duty-to-vaccinate
#7
Paul J Carson, Anthony T Flood
Since the last century, vaccination has been one of the most important tools we possess for the prevention and elimination of disease. Yet the tremendous gains from vaccination are now threatened by a growing hesitance to vaccinate based on a variety of concerns or objections. Geographic clustering of some families who choose not to vaccinate has led to a number of well-publicized outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases. Of note is that some of these outbreaks are centered within some Christian religious groups that increasingly avoid vaccination due to moral concerns, fears about safety, or doubts about the necessity of vaccines...
April 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328352/identification-isolation-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-clostridium-perfringens-type-a-and-type-c-from-wild-boar-sus-scrofa-in-the-people-s-republic-of-china
#8
Meng Li, Xu Zhang, Lingwei Zhu, Haifeng Wang, Na Zhao, Jing Luo, Chengmin Wang, Yutian Wang, Yanhua Liu, Wei Zhou, Bikai Zhang, Huancheng Guo, Hongxuan He
Clostridium perfringens is a Gram-positive, anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium that can induces gas gangrene or enteritis in poultry and humans and many other mammalian species. Here, we report an outbreak of C. perfringens type A and type C coinfection in wild boars ( Sus scrofa ). In February 2016, 10 dead wild boars, including two fresh carcasses, were found in Zhaosu County, Xinjiang Province, People's Republic of China. The two fresh carcasses were included in this study. Two strains of C. perfringens were isolated, identified, genotyped, and phylogenetically analyzed...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328129/the-phenotypic-spectrum-of-congenital-zika-syndrome
#9
Miguel Del Campo, Ian M L Feitosa, Erlane M Ribeiro, Dafne D G Horovitz, André L S Pessoa, Giovanny V A França, Alfredo García-Alix, Maria J R Doriqui, Hector Y C Wanderley, Maria V T Sanseverino, João I C F Neri, João M Pina-Neto, Emerson S Santos, Islane Verçosa, Mirlene C S P Cernach, Paula F V Medeiros, Saile C Kerbage, André A Silva, Vanessa van der Linden, Celina M T Martelli, Marli T Cordeiro, Rafael Dhalia, Fernanda S L Vianna, Cesar G Victora, Denise P Cavalcanti, Lavinia Schuler-Faccini
In October 2015, Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak the Brazilian Ministry of Health (MoH). In response, the Brazilian Society of Medical Genetics established a task force (SBGM-ZETF) to study the phenotype of infants born with microcephaly due to ZIKV congenital infection and delineate the phenotypic spectrum of this newly recognized teratogen. This study was based on the clinical evaluation and neuroimaging of 83 infants born during the period from July, 2015 to March, 2016 and registered by the SBGM-ZETF. All 83 infants had significant findings on neuroimaging consistent with ZIKV congenital infection and 12 had confirmed ZIKV IgM in CSF...
April 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327849/-effect-of-free-roaming-dogs-culling-on-the-control-of-canine-rabies
#10
Ricardo Castillo-Neyra, Michael Z Levy, Cesar Náquira
In the Peruvian city of Arequipa, rabid dogs have been detected since March 2015, signaling the reintroduction of the rabies virus (RV) in this previously officially-declared rabies free zone. High dog density is considered one of the causes for the continuous transmission of the RV in the outbreak in the city of Arequipa, which seemingly lends support to the culling of dogs as a public health measure. However, the effectiveness of culling free-roaming dogs to control urban rabies has not been evaluated. Objective to determine the effectiveness of free-roaming dog culling as a control measure of urban rabies...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327817/identification-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-metallo-beta-lactamase-1-producing-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-the-central-west-region-of-brazil-a-case-study
#11
Wirlaine Glauce Maciel, Kesia Esther da Silva, José Victor Bortolotto Bampi, Graciela Mendonça Dos Santos Bet, Ana Carolina Ramos, Ana Cristina Gales, Simone Simionatto
Metallo-beta-lactamase production is an important mechanism for carbapenem resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa , which represents an emerging public health challenge. We report the case of a patient admitted to an intensive care unit, with sepsis caused by multidrug-resistant São Paulo Metallo-beta-lactamase-1-producing P. aeruginosa . This is the first case of infection by this pathogenic strain in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Thus, infection control measures are required for preventing future spread and outbreaks...
January 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327811/undiagnosed-acute-hiv-infection-identified-through-rna-testing-of-pooled-serum-samples-obtained-during-a-dengue-outbreak-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#12
Elaine Monteiro Matsuda, Daniela Rodrigues Colpas, Norberto Camilo Campos, Luana Portes Ozorio Coelho, Andreia Moreira Dos Santos Carmo, Luís Fernando de Macedo Brígido
INTRODUCTION: Improving HIV diagnostics and treatment is necessary to end the AIDS epidemic. Pooled plasma can be used to identify patients with acute HIV disease, even before serological tests. During dengue outbreaks, patients having symptoms common to other acute viral diseases might seek medical care. METHODS: We evaluated HIV RNA in pooled seronegative dengue samples. RESULTS: After excluding individuals with a known HIV diagnosis, an HIV-1 prevalence of 0...
January 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327796/keeping-track-of-hidden-dangers-the-short-history-of-the-sabi%C3%A3-virus
#13
Joel Henrique Ellwanger, José Artur Bogo Chies
Emerging infectious diseases are a global threat. In countries like Brazil, where biodiversity is high and public health conditions in terms of infrastructure and medical care are often precarious, emerging diseases are particularly worrisome. The lack of monitoring strategies to identify pathogens with the potential to cause outbreaks or epidemics is another problem in Brazil and other developing countries. In this article, we present the history of the Sabiá virus (SABV), a pathogen that was described in the 1990s in Brazil...
January 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327792/vegetation-loss-and-the-2016-oropouche-fever-outbreak-in-peru
#14
Daniel Romero-Alvarez, Luis E Escobar
BACKGROUND: Oropouche virus causes Oropouche fever, an arboviral disease transmitted mainly by midges of the genus Culicoides and Culex mosquitoes. Clinical presentation of Oropouche fever in humans includes fever, headache, rash, myalgia, and in rare cases spontaneous bleeding and aseptic meningitis. Landscape change has been proposed as a driver of Oropouche fever emergence. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the landscape epidemiology of the Oropouche fever outbreak that began in April 2016 in Cusco, Peru...
April 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327690/kyasanur-forest-disease-kfd-rare-disease-of-zoonotic-origin
#15
M Muraleedharan
Kyasanur forest disease (KFD) is a rare tick borne zoonotic disease that causes acute febrile hemorrhagic illness in humans and monkeys especially in southern part of India. The disease is caused by highly pathogenic KFD virus (KFDV) which belongs to member of the genus Flavivirus and family Flaviviridae. The disease is transmitted to monkeys and humans by infective tick Haemaphysalisspinigera. Seasonal outbreaks are expected to occur during the months of January to June. The aim of this paper is to briefly summarize the epidemiology, mode of transmission of KFD virus, clinical findings, diagnosis, treatment, control and prevention of the disease...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327684/outbreak-investigation-of-influenza-in-pajaru-vdc-of-jajarkot-district-of-nepal
#16
S K Upadhyay, P M Singh Pradhan, R K Mahato, B Marasini, B Upadhyaya, G Shakya, G Baral, K P Baral
BACKGROUND: An outbreak investigation study was conducted in Pajaru, one of the initially affected Village Development Committees (VDCs) of the Jajarkot district in Nepal following an outbreak of respiratory illness in early 2015. The objectives of this study were to identify the cases and magnitude of the outbreak. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in mid-April 2015 covering five most affected wards of Pajaru VDC to assess the patients using standard case definition for Influenza like Illness (ILI)...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325976/arthropod-and-oligochaete-assemblages-from-grasslands-of-the-southern-kenai-peninsula-alaska
#17
Matthew L Bowser, John M Morton, John Delton Hanson, Dawn R Magness, Mallory Okuly
BACKGROUND: By the end of this century, the potential climate-biome of the southern Kenai Peninsula is forecasted to change from transitional boreal forest to prairie and grasslands, a scenario that may already be playing out in the Caribou Hills region. Here, spruce (Picea × lutzii Little [glauca × sitchensis]) forests were heavily thinned by an outbreak of the spruce bark beetle (Dendroctonus rufipennis (Kirby, 1837)) and replaced by the native but invasive grass species, Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325935/a-comparison-study-of-zika-virus-outbreaks-in-french-polynesia-colombia-and-the-state-of-bahia-in-brazil
#18
Daihai He, Daozhou Gao, Yijun Lou, Shi Zhao, Shigui Ruan
Zika virus (ZIKV) disease outbreaks occurred in French Polynesia in 2013-2014 and in Brazil and Colombia in 2015-2016, respectively. Using our recently developed ZIKV disease model, we simulated the reported ZIKV infection cases from French Polynesia, Colombia and the State of Bahia of Brazil. Moreover, we estimated that the infection attack rates were 78.0% (95% confidence interval (CI): 63.5-86.3%) in French Polynesia which closely matches a previous serological study; 20.8% (95% CI: 1.1-50.0%) in Colombia which suggests that the attack rate was most likely less than 50%; and 32...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325910/an-rna-nanoparticle-vaccine-against-zika-virus-elicits-antibody-and-cd8-t-cell-responses-in-a-mouse-model
#19
Jasdave S Chahal, Tao Fang, Andrew W Woodham, Omar F Khan, Jingjing Ling, Daniel G Anderson, Hidde L Ploegh
The Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak in the Americas and South Pacific poses a significant burden on human health because of ZIKV's neurotropic effects in the course of fetal development. Vaccine candidates against ZIKV are coming online, but immunological tools to study anti-ZIKV responses in preclinical models, particularly T cell responses, remain sparse. We deployed RNA nanoparticle technology to create a vaccine candidate that elicited ZIKV E protein-specific IgG responses in C57BL/6 mice as assayed by ELISA...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325494/modelling-h5n1-in-bangladesh-across-spatial-scales-model-complexity-and-zoonotic-transmission-risk
#20
Edward M Hill, Thomas House, Madhur S Dhingra, Wantanee Kalpravidh, Subhash Morzaria, Muzaffar G Osmani, Mat Yamage, Xiangming Xiao, Marius Gilbert, Michael J Tildesley
Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 remains a persistent public health threat, capable of causing infection in humans with a high mortality rate while simultaneously negatively impacting the livestock industry. A central question is to determine regions that are likely sources of newly emerging influenza strains with pandemic causing potential. A suitable candidate is Bangladesh, being one of the most densely populated countries in the world and having an intensifying farming system. It is therefore vital to establish the key factors, specific to Bangladesh, that enable both continued transmission within poultry and spillover across the human-animal interface...
February 21, 2017: Epidemics
keyword
keyword
7876
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"