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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140826/effects-of-integrating-rhythmic-arm-swing-into-robot-assisted-walking-in-patients-with-subacute-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#1
Tae-Woo Kang, Duck-Won Oh, Ji-Hyun Lee, Heon-Seock Cynn
This study aimed to identify the effects of rhythmic arm swing during robot-assisted walking training on balance, gait, motor function, and activities of daily living among patients with subacute stroke. Twenty patients with subacute stroke were recruited, and thereafter randomly allocated to either the experimental group that performed the robot-assisted walking training with rhythmic arm swing, or the control group that performed the training in arm fixation. In total, 30 training sessions were carried out...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140127/proprioceptive-training-for-the-prevention-of-ankle-sprains-an-evidence-based-review
#2
Matthew J Rivera, Zachary K Winkelmann, Cameron J Powden, Kenneth E Games
Reference:  Schiftan GS, Ross LA, Hahne AJ. The effectiveness of proprioceptive training in preventing ankle sprains in sporting populations: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Sci Med Sport. 2015;18(3):238-244. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Does the use of proprioceptive training as a sole intervention decrease the incidence of initial or recurrent ankle sprains in the athletic population? DATA SOURCES:   The authors completed a comprehensive literature search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) from inception to October 2013...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136550/cerebellar-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-improves-adaptive-postural-control
#3
Peter Poortvliet, Billie Hsieh, Andrew Cresswell, Jacky Au, Marcus Meinzer
OBJECTIVE: Rehabilitation interventions contribute to recovery of impaired postural control, but it remains a priority to optimize their effectiveness. A promising strategy may involve transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of brain areas involved in fine-tuning of motor adaptation. This study explored the effects of cerebellar tDCS (ctDCS) on postural recovery from disturbance by Achilles tendon vibration. METHODS: Twenty-eight healthy volunteers participated in this sham-ctDCS controlled study...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135600/balance-and-functional-outcomes-for-older-community-dwelling-adults-who-practice-tai-chi-and-those-who-do-not-a-comparative-study
#4
Deborah Bubela, Laddie Sacharko, Judy Chan, Maegen Brady
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A growing body of literature substantiates that Tai Chi is a form of exercise that may help older adults increase strength, improve balance, lower fall rates, and experience less fear of falling. Few studies, however, offer controlled experimental design and simultaneously investigate multiple factors known to contribute to fall risk. The purpose of this study was to compare performance on measures relating to fall risk (strength, balance, functional mobility, and fear of falling) in older community-dwelling adults who participated in a community-based Tai Chi program with a control group of their peers who had no Tai Chi training over the same time period...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132482/effectiveness-of-functional-electrical-stimulation-fes-versus-conventional-electrical-stimulation-in-gait-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-stroke
#5
Freeha Sharif, Samina Ghulam, Arshad Nawaz Malik, Quratulain Saeed
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of functional electrical stimulation (FES) versus conventional electrical stimulation in gait rehabilitation of patients with stroke for finding the most appropriate problem-oriented treatment for foot drop patients in a shorter time period. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Rawalpindi, from July to December 2016...
November 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132250/the-influence-of-pilates-exercises-on-body-balance-in-the-standing-position-of-hearing-impaired-people
#6
Jagoda Walowska, Bartosz Bolach, Eugeniusz Bolach
PURPOSE: Hearing impairment may affect the body posture maintenance. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of modified Pilates exercise program on the body posture maintenance in hearing impaired people. METHODS: Eighty students (aged 13-24) were enrolled and randomly allocated into two groups: test group (n = 41) which attended an original program based on modified Pilates exercises and control group (n = 39) which attended standard physical education classes...
November 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130977/effects-of-wearable-sensor-based-balance-and-gait-training-on-balance-gait-and-functional-performance-in-healthy-and-patient-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Katharina Gordt, Thomas Gerhardy, Bijan Najafi, Michael Schwenk
BACKGROUND: Wearable sensors (WS) can accurately measure body motion and provide interactive feedback for supporting motor learning. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to summarize current evidence for the effectiveness of WS training for improving balance, gait and functional performance. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, and CINAHL. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) using a WS exercise program were included...
November 1, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127600/a-review-of-current-and-emerging-approaches-to-pain-management-in-the-emergency-department
#8
REVIEW
Knox H Todd
INTRODUCTION: Pain is the most common symptom prompting an emergency department visit and emergency physicians are responsible for managing both acute pain and acute exacerbations of chronic pain resulting from a broad range of illnesses and injuries. The responsibility to treat must be balanced by the duty to limit harm resulting from analgesics. In recent years, opioid-related adverse effects, including overdose and deaths, have increased dramatically in the USA. In response to the US opioid crisis, emergency physicians have broadened their analgesic armamentarium to include a variety of non-opioid approaches...
November 10, 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126650/plasticity-in-the-auditory-system
#9
REVIEW
Dexter R F Irvine
Over the last 30 years a wide range of manipulations of auditory input and experience have been shown to result in plasticity in auditory cortical and subcortical structures. The time course of plasticity ranges from very rapid stimulus-specific adaptation to longer-term changes associated with, for example, partial hearing loss or perceptual learning. Evidence for plasticity as a consequence of these and a range of other manipulations of auditory input and/or its significance is reviewed, with an emphasis on plasticity in adults and in the auditory cortex...
October 31, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121158/opioid-use-by-patients-after-rhinoplasty
#10
Sagar Patel, Angela Sturm, Michael Bobian, Peter F Svider, Giancarlo Zuliani, Russell Kridel
Importance: Given the increase in opioid addiction and overdose in the United States, reasoned opioid use after outpatient surgery may affect prescription medication abuse. Objectives: To examine patient use of opioids after rhinoplasty and establish an optimal postrhinoplasty pain management regimen. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this case series, opioid use was evaluated in 62 patients who underwent rhinoplasty performed by 3 fellowship-trained facial plastic surgeons, 2 in private practice in Texas and 1 in an academic setting in Michigan, from February 2016 to September 2016...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114533/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-training-and-mental-training-on-mobility-neuromuscular-performance-and-muscle-strength-in-older-men
#11
Maryam Goudarzian, Samira Ghavi, Ardalan Shariat, Hossein Shirvani, Mostafa Rahimi
This study was designed to evaluate the effects of whole body vibration (WBV) exercise, mental training (MT), and the concurrent effect of WBV and MT on lower body balance, neuromuscular performance, and leg muscle strength in elderly men. In a randomized control trial study with parallel group design, 42 older men (mean±standard deviation age, 68±5.78 years) were randomly divided into four groups: WBV (n=11), MT (n=12), WBV+MT (n=10), and control (n=9) groups. The protocol of training consisted of three sessions per week for 8 weeks and about 30 min for each session...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113447/patient-or-person-centred-practice-in-medicine-a-review-of-concepts
#12
Jakobus M Louw, Tessa S Marcus, Johannes F M Hugo
BACKGROUND: Person-centred practice in medicine may provide solutions to several pressing problems in health care, including the cost of services, poor outcomes in chronic care and the rise in litigation. It is also an ethical imperative in itself. However, patient- or person-centred care is not well researched partly because of a lack of conceptual and definitional clarity. AIM: The aim of this review was to analyse essential elements, ethical principles, logic and the practical application of person-centred practice described in clinician- and researcher-defined conceptual frameworks, terms and practices...
October 19, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112056/effects-of-a-resistance-training-intervention-on-strength-power-and-performance-in-adolescent-dancers
#13
Rebecca A Dowse, Mike R McGuigan, Craig Harrison
Dowse, RA, McGuigan, MR, and Harrison, C. Effects of a resistance training intervention on strength, power, and performance in adolescent dancers. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-The aim of this study was to determine whether a 9-week resistance training program could have a significant effect on maximum lower-body strength and power, dynamic balance, and dance performance in adolescent dancers. Twelve competitive adolescent female dancers trained in jazz, ballet, and contemporary were recruited from local dance schools and assigned to a resistance training group (dance experience 9...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111631/physical-performance-characteristics-between-male-and-female-youth-surfing-athletes
#14
Bruno A Ferreira da Silva, Filipe M Clemente
BACKGRAUND: Despite some knowledge about the fitness levels of elite surfers, there is limited published research examining gender differences, particularly in young athletes. The purpose of this study was to describe and compare the sex differences in physical performance characteristics of elite youth surfers. It was also aimed to study the association between physical performance variables. METHODS: This longitudinal prospective study was based on a total of twenty male and female youth surfers performed a battery of physical performance tests: anthropometrics, weight-bearing dorsiflexion test, Functional Movement Screen, lower extremity dynamic stability, lower limb dynamic strength, paddling and apnea test...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111230/high-intensity-interval-training-modulates-hippocampal-oxidative-stress-bdnf-and-inflammatory-mediators-in-rats
#15
Daniel A Freitas, Etel Rocha-Vieira, Bruno A Soares, Luiza F Nonato, Sueli R Fonseca, Jeanne B Martins, Vanessa Amaral Mendonça, Ana C Lacerda, André R Massensini, Jacques R Poortamns, Romain Meeusen, Hércules R Leite
Although High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) are being associated to increase cardiovascular and metabolic adaptation, there is controversy and limited information about the effects of HIIT on hippocampal oxidative stress, pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines balance and neurotrophic status. Thus, this study evaluated the effects of six weeks of HIIT on hippocampal redox state (oxidative damage and enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant defenses), neuroimmune mediators (TNFα, IL-6, IL-1β and IL-10) and brain-derived neurotrophic (BDNF) levels...
October 28, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109938/a-day-in-the-life-of-a-pharmacovigilance-case-processor
#16
Ritesh Bhangale, Sayali Vaity, Niranjan Kulkarni
Pharmacovigilance (PV) has grown significantly in India in the last couple of decades. The etymological roots for the word "pharmacovigilance" are "Pharmakon" (Greek for drug) and "Vigilare" (Latin for to keep watch). It relies on information gathered from the collection of individual case safety reports and other pharmacoepidemiological data. The PV data processing cycle starts with data collection in computerized systems followed by complete data entry which includes adverse event coding, drug coding, causality and expectedness assessment, narrative writing, quality control, and report submissions followed by data storage and maintenance...
October 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107970/motor-expertise-facilitates-the-accuracy-of-state-extrapolation-in-perception
#17
Nicolas Ludolph, Jannis Plöger, Martin A Giese, Winfried Ilg
Predicting the behavior of objects in the environment is an important requirement to overcome latencies in the sensorimotor system and realize precise actions in rapid situations. Internal forward models that were acquired during motor training might not only be used for efficiently controlling fast motor behavior but also to facilitate extrapolation performance in purely perceptual tasks. In this study, we investigated whether preceding virtual cart-pole balancing training facilitates the ability to extrapolate the virtual pole motion...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107706/effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-over-the-supplementary-motor-area-body-weight-supported-treadmill-gait-training-in-hemiparetic-patients-after-stroke
#18
Atsushi Manji, Kazu Amimoto, Tadamitsu Matsuda, Yoshiaki Wada, Akira Inaba, Sangkyun Ko
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is used in a variety of disorders after stroke including upper limb motor dysfunctions, hemispatial neglect, aphasia, and apraxia, and its effectiveness has been demonstrated. Although gait ability is important for daily living, there were few reports of the use of tDCS to improve balance and gait ability. The supplementary motor area (SMA) was reported to play a potentially important role in balance recovery after stroke. We aimed to investigate the effect of combined therapy body weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT) and tDCS on gait function recovery of stroke patients...
October 28, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107040/longitudinal-recovery-and-reduced-costs-after-120-sessions-of-locomotor-training-for-motor-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#19
Sarah A Morrison, Douglas Lorenz, Carol P Eskay, Gail F Forrest, D Michele Basso
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of long term, body weight supported locomotor training (BWSLT) after chronic, incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). Also, health care costs were estimated related to lost recovery potential and preventable secondary complications that may have occurred due to visit limits imposed by insurers. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort with longitudinal follow up. SETTING: Eight outpatient rehabilitation centers that participate in the Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation NeuroRecovery Network® (NRN)...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105861/using-paradox-theory-to-understand-responses-to-tensions-between-service-and-training-in-general-surgery
#20
Jennifer Cleland, Ruby Roberts, Simon Kitto, Pia Strand, Peter Johnston
CONTEXT: The tension between service and training in pressured health care environments can have a detrimental impact on training quality and job satisfaction. Yet the management literature proposes that competing demands are inherent in organisational settings: it is not the demands as such that lead to negative outcomes but how people and organisations react to opposing tensions. We explored how key stakeholders responded to competing service-training demands in a surgical setting that had recently gone through a highly-publicised organisational crisis...
November 6, 2017: Medical Education
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