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Carba no

Karim E Morey, Robert Vega, P Maureen Cassidy, Genevieve L Buser, Jaipreet K Rayar, Jeffrey A Myers, Scott J Weissman, Zintars G Beldavs, Christopher D Pfeiffer
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are an urgent public health threat. We evaluated the capacity of the Carba NP test to detect carbapenemase production in 206 isolates: 143 Enterobacteriaceae identified by Oregon's CRE surveillance in 2013 and 63 known carbapenemase-positive organisms. Overall, test sensitivity and specificity were 89% (59/66; 95% CI 81-97%) and 100% (140/140; 95% CI 98-100%), respectively. All KPC, NDM-1, VIM, and IMP-producers but no (0/7) OXA-48-like strains were Carba NP-positive prior to a post-hoc protocol modification...
October 17, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
James Knox, Claire Gregory, Louise Prendergast, Chandrika Perera, Jennifer Robson, Lynette Waring
Stool specimens spiked with a panel of 46 carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) and 59 non-carbapenemase producers were used to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 4 testing algorithms for the detection of intestinal carriage of CPE: (1) culture on Brilliance ESBL agar followed by the Carba NP test; (2) Brilliance ESBL followed by the Carba NP test, plus chromID OXA-48 agar with no Carba NP test; (3) chromID CARBA agar followed by the Carba NP test; (4) chromID CARBA followed by the Carba NP test, plus chromID OXA-48 with no Carba NP test...
January 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
A Sorlózano-Puerto, D Esteva-Fernández, J Oteo-Iglesias, J M Navarro-Marí, J Gutiérrez-Fernández
OBJECTIVE: We describe the characterization of a new isolated in Spain of Klebsiella pneumoniae ST258 producing KPC-3, carbapenems non-susceptible, recovered from a sample of urine from a patient with urinary tract infection and no history of carbapenems exposure. METHODS: After the isolation, identification of K. pneumoniae was performed by biochemical tests and mass spectrometry. The carbapenems susceptibility testing was performed by microdilution and E-test in cation-adjusted Mueller-Hinton...
September 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Yuet Wu, Ronald Wai Kung Wu, Kwan Wing Cheu, Ian D Williams, Sanjeev Krishna, Ksenija Slavic, Andrew M Gravett, Wai M Liu, Ho Ning Wong, Richard K Haynes
We sought to establish if methylene homologues of artemisone are biologically more active and more stable than artemisone. The analogy is drawn with the conversion of natural O- and N-glycosides into more stable C-glycosides that may possess enhanced biological activities and stabilities. Dihydroartemisinin was converted into 10β-cyano-10-deoxyartemisinin that was hydrolyzed to the α-primary amide. Reduction of the β-cyanide and the α-amide provided the respective methylamine epimers that upon treatment with divinyl sulfone gave the β- and α-methylene homologues, respectively, of artemisone...
July 5, 2016: ChemMedChem
Arpasiri Srisrattakarn, Aroonlug Lulitanond, Chotechana Wilailuckana, Nicha Charoensri, Lumyai Wonglakorn, Sirikan Piyapatthanakul, Ampai Supajeen, Aroonwadee Chanawong
Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) isolates have now emerged worldwide. We therefore modified the phenotypic Carba NP test by use of a filter paper strip for easily and rapidly identifying CPE in routine laboratory. A collection of 56 CPE and carbapenemase-producing Pseudomonas spp. isolates (including 28 NDM-1, 11 IMP-14a, 1 IMP-1, 1 IMP-4, 1 IMP-9, 1 IMP-15, 4 VIM-2, 1 VIM-1, 1 IMP-14a with VIM-2, 3 OXA-48, 3 OXA-181 and 1 KPC-2 producers) and 41 non-CPE isolates (including 19 ESBL, 7 pAmpC, 3 AmpC, 9 ESBL with pAmpC and 3 non-ESBL & non-AmpC producers) as confirmed by the PCR methods were tested by the paper strip method using pharmaceutical imipenem/cilastatin as a substrate...
July 2016: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Gülçin Bayramoğlu, Gülşen Uluçam, Çiğdem Gençoğlu Özgür, Ali Osman Kılıç, Faruk Aydın
A rapid, practical, and accurate identification of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates is crucial for the implementation of appropriate infection control measures and proper treatment of the infections. For this purpose, a large number of phenotypic test methods have been developed, although none has 100% sensitivity and specificity. Variations in sensitivity and specificity of these tests based on the type of beta-lactamase enzymes carried by that isolates might result in differences between regions and countries...
January 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Delphine Lamireau, Anne Monique Nuyt, Xin Hou, Sylvie Bernier, Martin Beauchamp, Fernand Gobeil, Isabelle Lahaie, Daya R Varma, Sylvain Chemtob
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Reduced endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation partly due to loss of nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability occurs in most cases of chronic hypertension. Intrauterine nutritional deprivation has been associated with increased risk for hypertension and stroke, associated with relaxant dysfunction and decreased vascular compliance, but the underlying mechanisms are not known. The present studies were undertaken to investigate whether endothelial dysfunction associated with altered NO-dependent vasodilatation pathways is also observed in a model of in utero programming of hypertension...
December 2002: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
T Tetsuka, D Daphna-Iken, S K Srivastava, L D Baier, J DuMaine, A R Morrison
The inflammatory cytokine interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) induces both cyclooxygenase (COX) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) with increases in the release of prostaglandin (PG) and nitric oxide (NO) by mesangial cells. Recently, activation of the COX enzyme by NO has been described. However, the effects of COX products (PGs) on the NO pathway have not been fully clarified. Thus we determined the effect of COX inhibition and exogenous PGs on NO production and NOS induction in rat mesangial cells. A COX inhibitor, indomethacin, enhanced IL-1 beta-induced steady-state level of the inducible NOS (iNOS) mRNA and nitrite production...
December 6, 1994: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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