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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350610/stroke-education-is-underrepresented-in-u-s-undergraduate-clinical-curricula
#1
Rafey Feroze, Arpan V Prabhu, Nitin Agarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345988/the-experiences-of-students-in-interprofessional-learning
#2
Mark Telford, Emma Senior
This article explores the experiences of undergraduate healthcare students within interprofessional education (IPE) using a qualitative research study. The motive to undertake this study was as a result of mixed evaluations of IPE sessions. The study aimed to analyse student experiences of IPE, and as a result provide greater insight into how this type of education could be enhanced. Participants were selected through voluntary recruitment and data were collected using a focus group involving 12 participants who responded...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344720/resetting-the-compass-exploring-the-implicit-messages-of-orientation-to-a-community-engaged-medical-school
#3
Rachel Ellaway, Tim Dubé, Gerry Cooper, Lisa Graves
BACKGROUND: Although students' transition into medical school is a critical step in their professional journey, orientation has been relatively under-researched, particularly with regard to its intersections with schools' social missions. This paper reports on a study looking at the implicit messages of orientation to the Northern Ontario School of Medicine's undergraduate program. METHODS: An extended mixed methods study was conducted to look at different aspects of the School's Orientation Week...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344713/exploring-the-experience-of-residents-during-the-first-six-months-of-family-medicine-residency-training
#4
Dawn Martin, Louise Nasmith, Susan Glover Takahashi, Bart J Harvey
BACKGROUND: The shift from undergraduate to postgraduate education signals a new phase in a doctor's training. This study explored the resident's perspective of how the transition from undergraduate to postgraduate (PGME) training is experienced in a Family Medicine program as they first meet the reality of feeling and having the responsibility as a doctor. METHODS: Qualitative methods explored resident experiences using interpretative inquiry through monthly, individual in-depth interviews with five incoming residents during the first six months of training...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344706/the-voluntariat-a-frieirean-framework-to-understand-the-nature-of-undergraduate-international-medical-experiences
#5
Seemi Qaiser, Helen Dimaras, Paul Hamel
Despite literature documenting limited and asymmetrical benefits along with ethical issues, short-term international volunteering is increasingly popular among North American university students as a perceived advantage when applying to professional healthcare schools or the job market. Academic institutions are also encouraging students to pursue international experiences in order to cultivate values as global citizens. These experiences are most typically limited to economically privileged students. Furthermore, international activities in developing countries often lack a pedagogy of social justice and may confirm a simplistic understanding of development...
December 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344697/learning-by-concordance-lbc-introducing-undergraduate-students-to-the-complexity-and-uncertainty-of-clinical-practice
#6
Nicolas Fernandez, Amélie Foucault, Serge Dubé, Diane Robert, Chantal Lafond, Anne-Marie Vincent, Jeannine Kassis, Driss Kazitani, Bernard Charlin
BACKGROUND: A current challenge in medical education is the steep exposure to the complexity and uncertainty of clinical practice in early clerkship. The gap between pre-clinical courses and the reality of clinical decision-making can be overwhelming for undergraduate students. The Learning-by-Concordance (LbC) approach aims to bridge this gap by embedding complexity and uncertainty by relying on real-life situations and exposure to expert reasoning processes to support learning. LbC provides three forms of support: 1) expert responses that students compare with their own, 2) expert explanations and 3) recognized scholars' key-messages...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343203/developing-the-professional-competence-of-future-doctors-in-the-instructional-setting-of-higher-medical-educational-institutions
#7
Halyna Yu Morokhovets, Yuliia V Lysanets
INTRODUCTION: The main objectives of higher medical education is the continuous professional improvement of physicians to meet the needs dictated by the modern world both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In this respect, the system of higher medical education has undergone certain changes - from determining the range of professional competences to the adoption of new standards of education in medicine. AIM: The article aims to analyze the parameters of doctor's professionalism in the context of competence-based approach and to develop practical recommendations for the improvement of instruction techniques...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342917/science-of-health-care-delivery-as-a-first-step-to-advance-undergraduate-medical-education-a-multi-institutional-collaboration
#8
Stephanie R Starr, Darcy A Reed, Alison Essary, William Hueston, C Daniel Johnson, Natalie Landman, John Meurer, Bonnie Miller, Greg Ogrinc, Elizabeth M Petty, John Raymond, William Riley, Sherine Gabriel, Cheryl Maurana
Physicians must possess knowledge and skills to address the gaps facing the US health care system. Educators advocate for reform in undergraduate medical education (UME) to align competencies with the Triple Aim. In 2014, five medical schools and one state university began collaborating on these curricular gaps. The authors report a framework for the Science of Health Care Delivery (SHCD) using six domains and highlight curricular examples from each school. They describe three challenges and strategies for success in implementing SHCD curricula...
March 22, 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341932/-cross-sectional-field-pain-medicine-q14-the-mainz-model-development-of-the-pain-medicine-curriculum-in-the-standard-study-course-at-the-university-medical-school-of-the-johannes-gutenberg-university-mainz
#9
S Kurz, H Buggenhagen, R Schwab, R Laufenberg-Feldmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Following the amendment of the Medical Licensure Act (ÄAppO) in 2012, pain medicine was introduced as a mandatory subject for students during undergraduate medical training. Medical schools were required to define and to implement adequate curricular and formal teaching structures based on interdisciplinary and multiprofessional requirements according to the curriculum for pain medicine of the German Pain Society. These aspects were considered in the new interdisciplinary curriculum for pain medicine, the so-called Mainz model...
March 24, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340482/the-effect-of-interprofessional-team-based-learning-among-nursing-students-a-quasi-experimental-study
#10
Arkers Kwan Ching Wong, Frances Kam Yuet Wong, Lap Ki Chan, Namkiu Chan, Fraide A Ganotice, Jacqueline Ho
BACKGROUND: Although interprofessional education has received attention in recent years as a means of providing opportunities for health-care professionals to learn with, from and about other disciplines and enhance the quality of patient care, evidence of its effectiveness is limited. Interprofessional team-based learning was introduced to make it possible for students in different healthcare disciplines to interact with each other, and to prepare them to function effectively within a team in their future career...
March 9, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337006/challenges-in-x-ray-diagnosis-a-review-of-referrals-for-specialist-opinion
#11
M Dave, K Horner
The aim of this study was to determine the common reasons why a dental professional might request a second opinion on a dental radiograph from a Dental and Maxillofacial (DMF) radiologist. The study was a retrospective analysis of consecutive referrals for an opinion received by post or email by one DMF radiologist based in a UK dental hospital. The study period was from March 2009 to November 2015. Referrals came from a mixture of sources: mainly from general dental practitioners and specialists working in primary care, but with some referrals from hospital-based practitioners...
March 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334475/the-influence-of-role-models-in-undergraduate-nurse-education
#12
Kirsten Jack, Claire Hamshire, Alison Chambers
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the concept of role modelling in undergraduate nurse education and its effect on the personal and professional development of student nurses. BACKGROUND: Effective educative strategies are important for student nurses, who have to cope with learning in both clinical and university settings. Given the contemporary issues facing nurse education and practice in the United Kingdom (UK) it is timely and important to undertake pedagogical research into the concept of role modelling as an effective educative method...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332886/inhaler-technique-mastery-and-maintenance-in-healthcare-professionals-trained-on-different-devices
#13
Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich, Christina Callan, Henry Chrystyn, Federico Lavorini, Vasilis Nikolaou, Vicky Kritikos, P N Richard Dekhuijzen, Nicolas Roche, Leif Bjermer, Cynthia Rand, Nicholas Zwar, David B Price
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare professionals (HCPs) are required to assess and train patients in the correct use of inhalers but are often unable to demonstrate correct technique themselves. We sought to assess the level of training required for HCPs to master and maintain device mastery when using two different dry powder inhalers (DPIs). METHODS: We conducted a randomised, un-blinded, cross-over study in undergraduate HCPs who undertook a six-step training procedure (intuitive use, patient information leaflet, instructional video, individual tuition from expert, then two repeats of individual tuition) for the use of Turbuhaler® (an established device) and Spiromax® (a newer device, reportedly easier to use)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332415/longitudinal-integrated-clerkships-in-the-community
#14
Andy McKeown, Ravi Parekh
Longitudinal Integrated Clerkships (LICs) are beginning to replace traditional short undergraduate rotations in general practice. LIC's differ from traditional rotations in that they are longer, they involve sustained relationships between students, patients and health professionals; and they integrate various strands of medical education. From early development in the US and Australia, LICs are now a fast-growing phenomenon across the world. We present three papers that seek to explain what LICs are, the evidence for their effectiveness and the practicalities of establishing or delivering a longitudinal integrated clerkship...
March 23, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332283/clinical-reasoning-skills-in-final-year-dental-students-a-qualitative-cross-curricula-comparison
#15
E T Nafea, R Dennick
AIMS: The aim of this research was to explore the perceptions of undergraduate dental students regarding clinical reasoning skills and also discover the influences of different curriculum designs on the acquisition of these skills by students. METHODS: Eighteen final-year students from three different dental schools with varied curricula and cultures participated in the current research. The research used qualitative methodology. The study took place in 2013-2014...
March 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328976/high-school-science-fair-and-research-integrity
#16
Frederick Grinnell, Simon Dalley, Karen Shepherd, Joan Reisch
Research misconduct has become an important matter of concern in the scientific community. The extent to which such behavior occurs early in science education has received little attention. In the current study, using the web-based data collection program REDCap, we obtained responses to an anonymous and voluntary survey about science fair from 65 high school students who recently competed in the Dallas Regional Science and Engineering Fair and from 237 STEM-track, post-high school students (undergraduates, 1st year medical students, and 1st year biomedical graduate students) doing research at UT Southwestern Medical Center...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328736/entrustment-decisions-bringing-the-patient-into-the-assessment-equation
#17
Olle Ten Cate
With the increased interest in the use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in undergraduate medical education (UME) and graduate medical education (GME) come questions about the implications for assessment. Entrustment assessment combines the evaluation of learners' knowledge, skills, and behaviors with the evaluation of their readiness to be entrusted to perform critical patient care responsibilities. Patient safety, then, should be an explicit component of educational assessments. The validity of these assessments in the clinical workplace becomes the validity of the entrustment decisions...
March 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328314/from-education-to-practice-addressing-opioid-misuse-through-healthcare-provider-training-a-special-issue-of-saj
#18
Adam J Gordon, John Daniel Harding
Opioid misuse may be ignored by providers who are unwilling or not confident in engaging the complex nature of substance use disorders among their patient populations. Addiction is a complex disease and although providers often are comfortable in identifying, assessing, and treating the complex diseases of their patients, basic knowledge and skills of identification, assessment, and treatment expertise involving opioids for pain, addressing opioid misuse, and treatment of opioid use disorder are lacking. Initiatives to improve knowledge of opioid use, misuse, and opioid use disorder among health care providers are emerging...
March 22, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328265/student-nurses-perceptions-of-dignity-in-the-care-of-older-people
#19
Leah Macaden, Richard G Kyle, Wayne Medford, Julie Blundell, Sarah-Anne Munoz, Elaine Webster
AIM: The aim of this research was to investigate student nurses' perceptions of the concept of dignity in the care of older people. Student nurses regularly move between the classroom and the clinical setting and are thus ideally placed to cast light on the barriers that exist to providing dignity in care and the way in which their theoretical understanding of dignity is shaped by exposure to the practice setting. METHOD: All student nurses on a three-year undergraduate nursing programme at one university were invited to participate in an online questionnaire survey and focus groups...
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328231/use-of-cell-phones-and-computers-for-health-promotion-and-tobacco-cessation-by-american-indian-college-students-in-montana
#20
Jo Ann W Dotson, Lonnie A Nelson, Sara L Young, Dedra Buchwald, John Roll
INTRODUCTION: Cell phones and personal computers have become popular mechanisms for delivering and monitoring health information and education, including the delivery of tobacco cessation education and support. Tobacco smoking is prevalent among American Indians (AIs) and Alaska Natives (ANs), with 26% AI/AN adult men smoking compared to 19% of Caucasian adult males and 22% of African American adult males. Smoking is even more prevalent in Northern Plains AI populations, with 42% of men <i>and</i> women reporting current smoking...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
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