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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925045/interest-in-research-among-medical-students-challenges-for-the-undergraduate-education
#1
David William Moraes, Maitê Jotz, Willian Roberto Menegazzo, Michele Sabrina Menegazzo, Steffi Veloso, Mayara Christ Machry, Monise Costanzi, Lucia Campos Pellanda
Introduction: In recent decades, there has been a reduction in the number of graduates from medical schools who choose to pursue a career in scientific research. That has an impact on the profile of graduates, since medical education depends on understanding the formation of scientific evidence. The construction of new knowledge is also hampered by the reduction of medical scientists, whose clinical experience with patients provides an essential step towards medical Science evolution...
October 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924139/outcome-of-a-four-hour-smoking-cessation-counselling-workshop-for-medical-students
#2
Kurosch Purkabiri, Valentina Steppacher, Kathrin Bernardy, Nikola Karl, Verena Vedder, Michèle Borgmann, Anja Rogausch, Uz Stammberger, Robert Bals, Tobias Raupach, Volker Koellner, Jürg Hamacher
BACKGROUND: Lack of smoking cessation education in undergraduate medical training hinders healthcare professionals in providing adequate tobacco cessation counselling. We developed a comprehensive 4-h smoking cessation counselling course for medical students that is easy to incorporate in a medical school curriculum, and assessed its short-term outcome for knowledge, skills, and attitudes. METHODS: Eighty-eight medical students (53f, 35 m) were educated by a doctoral student in five identical 4-h courses...
2016: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923150/an-analysis-of-alumni-performance-a-study-of-the-quality-of-nursing-education
#3
Serap Altuntaş, Ülkü Baykal
BACKGROUND: The professional performance level of their alumni is one of the quality indicators of educational institutions. Nursing education institutions can use their alumni's performance analysis results to enhance their curricula, eliminate deficiencies, improve the quality of education and graduate more highly qualified nurses. OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional and comparative study, which aimed to determine the professional performances of nurses who graduated from the same nursing faculty...
November 29, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923091/association-between-learning-environment-interventions-and-medical-student-well-being-a-systematic-review
#4
Lauren T Wasson, Amberle Cusmano, Laura Meli, Irene Louh, Louise Falzon, Meghan Hampsey, Geoffrey Young, Jonathan Shaffer, Karina W Davidson
Importance: Concerns exist about the current quality of undergraduate medical education and its effect on students' well-being. Objective: To identify best practices for undergraduate medical education learning environment interventions that are associated with improved emotional well-being of students. Data Sources: Learning environment interventions were identified by searching the biomedical electronic databases Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and ERIC from database inception dates to October 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920736/protective-effect-of-self-compassion-to-emotional-response-among-students-with-chronic-academic-stress
#5
Yonghong Zhang, Xi Luo, Xianwei Che, Wenjie Duan
The literature has shown that self-compassion is a protective factor of an individual's emotional response to chronic stress. However, this stress-buffering effect has not been completely analyzed in individuals who report significantly high academic stress. The present study explored the role of self-compassion in a group of undergraduate students who experience chronic academic stress. A total of 208 undergraduate students who were preparing for the Postgraduate Entrance Examination (PEE) were recruited and completed the Self-Compassion Scale, Adolescent Self-Rating Life Event Check List, and Positive and Negative Affect Schedule...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920360/effects-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-stress-and-social-support-on-the-health-of-college-students
#6
Canan Karatekin, Rohini Ahluwalia
The goal of the study was to describe the nature of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) reported by undergraduates and to examine the effect of ACEs, perceived stress, and perceived social support on their health. Although respondents (N = 321) had parents with relatively high levels of education and indicated generally high levels of social support, results nevertheless showed a relatively high level of mental health problems and rates of ACEs that were similar to those in the general population in the state...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919441/male-reproductive-health-training-during-undergraduate-medical-education-an-unmet-need-for-the-next-generation
#7
EDITORIAL
Esther Finney, Robert E Brannigan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918904/nursing-students-perceptions-of-the-qualities-of-a-clinical-facilitator-that-enhance-learning
#8
Linda Sweet, Julie Broadbent
There is a wealth of research investigating the role of the clinical facilitator and the student experience of clinical education. However, there is a paucity of recent research reviewing the students' perspectives of facilitators' qualities that influence their learning. This paper explores undergraduate nursing students' perceptions of the qualities of a clinical facilitator that enhanced their learning. The study was designed as a cross-sectional survey. A total of 452 third year nursing students at one Australian University were invited to participate...
November 29, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917512/a-re-audit-of-the-technical-quality-of-undergraduate-root-canal-treatment-after-the-introduction-of-new-technology-and-teaching-practices
#9
A Donnelly, D Coffey, H F Duncan
AIM: To revaluate through re-audit the technical quality of undergraduate non-surgical root canal treatment (RCTx) in a dental teaching hospital as a result of recommended changes to teaching practices. METHODOLOGY: The technical quality of undergraduate RCTx was evaluated radiographically after educational changes and the mandatory introduction of new technologies (nickel-titanium files, apex locators, greater-taper gutta-percha points) in 182 root canals. Evaluation was based on 4 criteria; presence of voids, root canal filling termination (0-2mm of radiographic apex), all roots filled and the prepared canal contained the original anatomy...
December 5, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917137/the-academic-resilience-scale-ars-30-a-new-multidimensional-construct-measure
#10
Simon Cassidy
Resilience is a psychological construct observed in some individuals that accounts for success despite adversity. Resilience reflects the ability to bounce back, to beat the odds and is considered an asset in human characteristic terms. Academic resilience contextualizes the resilience construct and reflects an increased likelihood of educational success despite adversity. The paper provides an account of the development of a new multidimensional construct measure of academic resilience. The 30 item Academic Resilience Scale (ARS-30) explores process-as opposed to outcome-aspects of resilience, providing a measure of academic resilience based on students' specific adaptive cognitive-affective and behavioral responses to academic adversity...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914357/moving-toward-heutagogical-learning-illuminating-undergraduate-nursing-students-experiences-in-a-flipped-classroom
#11
Rebecca D Green, Maura C Schlairet
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators rely on the tenets of educational theory and evidence-based education to promote the most effective curriculum and facilitate the best outcomes. The flipped classroom model, in which students assume personal responsibility for knowledge acquisition in a highly engaging and interactive environment, supports self-directed learning and the unique needs of clinical education. OBJECTIVE: To understand how students perceived their experiences in the flipped classroom and how students' learning dispositions were affected by the flipped classroom experience...
November 25, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914356/can-podcasts-for-assessment-guidance-and-feedback-promote-self-efficacy-among-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#12
Linda C McSwiggan, Maureen Campbell
BACKGROUND: Improving assessment guidance and feedback for students has become an international priority within higher education. Podcasts have been proposed as a tool for enhancing teaching, learning and assessment. However, a stronger theory-based rationale for using podcasts, particularly as a means of facilitating assessment guidance and feedback, is required. OBJECTIVE: To explore students' experiences of using podcasts for assessment guidance and feedback...
November 27, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909029/do-we-need-to-design-course-based-undergraduate-research-experiences-for-authenticity
#13
Susan Rowland, Rhianna Pedwell, Gwen Lawrie, Joseph Lovie-Toon, Yu Hung
The recent push for more authentic teaching and learning in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics indicates a shared agreement that undergraduates require greater exposure to professional practices. There is considerable variation, however, in how "authentic" science education is defined. In this paper we present our definition of authenticity as it applies to an "authentic" large-scale undergraduate research experience (ALURE); we also look to the literature and the student voice for alternate perceptions around this concept...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909019/collaborative-learning-in-higher-education-evoking-positive-interdependence
#14
Karin Scager, Johannes Boonstra, Ton Peeters, Jonne Vulperhorst, Fred Wiegant
Collaborative learning is a widely used instructional method, but the learning potential of this instructional method is often underused in practice. Therefore, the importance of various factors underlying effective collaborative learning should be determined. In the current study, five different life sciences undergraduate courses with successful collaborative-learning results were selected. This study focuses on factors that increased the effectiveness of collaboration in these courses, according to the students...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906761/surgical-education-and-health-care-reform-defining-the-role-and-value-of-trainees-in-an-evolving-medical-landscape
#15
Oluwadamilola M Fayanju, Reena Aggarwal, Rebeccah B Baucom, Cristina R Ferrone, David Massaro, Kyla P Terhune
OBJECTIVE: Health care reform and surgical education are often separated functionally. However, especially in surgery, where resident trainees often spend twice as much time in residency and fellowship than in undergraduate medical education, one must consider their contributions to health care. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: In this short commentary, we briefly review the status of health care in the United States as well as some of the recent and current changes in graduate medical education that pertain to surgical trainees...
November 30, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906668/an-analysis-of-factors-affecting-mature-age-students-academic-success-in-undergraduate-nursing-programs-a-critical-literature-review
#16
Lisa J Hayden, Sarah Y Jeong, Carol A Norton
The population of mature age students entering university nursing programs has steadily increased in both Australia and worldwide. The objective of the literature review was to explore how mature age students perform academically and to analyse the factors associated with their academic performance in nursing programs. A literature search was conducted in the following databases: CINAHL, ProQuest, Medline, Cochrane, Mosby's Index, Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI), and Scopus. Twenty-six (26) research papers published between 2000 and 2014 have met the selection criteria of this review...
January 1, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905653/-perceptions-of-faculty-members-and-students-about-undergraduate-training-in-primary-health-care
#17
Mario Parada-Lezcano, María Inés Romero S, Fabián Moraga Cortés
BACKGROUND: It is unknown if medical education is preparing physicians to successfully work at primary health care settings. AIM: To explore what are the perceptions of faculty members and students about the type of physician needed and if medical education is coherent with the practice of primary health care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen semi-structured interviews to key informants from faculty members and ten focus groups with students were carried out...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904237/do-physiotherapists-have-the-skill-to-engage-in-the-psychological-in-the-bio-psychosocial-approach
#18
Joanne Connaughton, William Gibson
Purpose: To describe a cross-sectional exploration of attitudes of physiotherapists in general practice in Western Australia toward psychiatry and mental illness, how often they treat people with mental illness, their perceptions of how well their undergraduate education prepared them to work with these people, and their opinions about what further education would enable them to provide best-practice care. Methods: A questionnaire that included questions about participants' demographic information, personal experiences with mental illness, the Attitudes to Psychiatry (ATP-30), and open-ended questions about participants' preparedness to work with people with mental illness was distributed through 110 email contacts to physiotherapy departments in Western Australia...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903077/approaches-to-learning-among-occupational-therapy-undergraduate-students-a-cross-cultural-study
#19
Ted Brown, Kenneth N K Fong, Tore Bonsaksen, Tan Hwei Lan, Yuki Murdolo, Pablo Cruz Gonzalez, Lim Hua Beng
BACKGROUND: Students may adopt various approaches to academic learning. Occupational therapy students' approaches to study and the impact of cultural context have not been formally investigated to date. AIM: To examine the approaches to study adopted by undergraduate occupational therapy students from four different cultural settings. METHOD: 712 undergraduate occupational therapy students (n = 376 from Australia, n = 109 from Hong Kong, n = 160 from Norway and n = 67 from Singapore) completed the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST)...
November 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902949/use-of-simulation-based-learning-in-undergraduate-nurse-education-an-umbrella-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Robyn P Cant, Simon J Cooper
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review to appraise and review evidence on the impact of simulation-based education for undergraduate/pre-licensure nursing students, using existing reviews of literature. DESIGN: An umbrella review (review of reviews). DATA SOURCES: Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHLPlus), PubMed, and Google Scholar. STUDY SELECTION: Reviews of literature conducted between 2010 and 2015 regarding simulation-based education for pre-licensure nursing students...
November 22, 2016: Nurse Education Today
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