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Medication quality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551935/-comparison-of-quality-of-colonoscopy-in-an-academic-hospital-vs-a-community-hospital-outpatient-service
#1
Badira Makhoul, Muhammad Khatib, Dana Ben Hur, Jesse Lachter
BACKGROUND: Extensive use of colonoscopy in hospitals and community clinics has highlighted the need to assess the quality of the procedures in order to reduce costs and increase their efficiency. OBJECTIVES: This institutional review board (IRB)-approved study aimed to compare the quality of colonoscopies performed in a teaching hospital to those performed at a community health service. METHODS: Demographic information, time of procedure, indications, quality of bowel preparation, premedication, depth of examination, polyp detection, biopsies and followup recommendations were retrospectively obtained from 700 colonoscopy reports from the Rambam Healthcare Campus and 824 colonoscopy reports from Elisha...
March 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551929/-early-in-hospital-mortality-in-internal-medicine-wards-within-24-hours-a-potential-quality-indicator-or-a-variable-affected-by-multiple-factors
#2
Yaron Niv, Evgeny Berkov, Pazit Kanter, Evgeny Abrahmson, Uri Gabbay
AIMS: To evaluate in-hospital mortality rate within 24 hours in internal medicine wards and to evaluate if it may be used as quality indicator. BACKGROUND: In-hospital mortality rate is an outcome measure which apparently reflects quality of care. There are debates on whether it may be considered a quality indicator since it is difficult to compare different case-mixes between hospitals. Research on mortality within 24 hours had not been published. METHODS: An historical prospective study was conducted including the entire internal wards admissions to the Rabin Medical Center between 1/7/14 and 30/6/15...
April 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551924/-adherence-to-oral-anti-cancer-drugs-in-hemato-oncology
#3
Sarit Ashkenazi, Juliet Dreyer, Pia Raanani, Avi Leader
Non-adherence to medical treatment is prevalent in the context of potentially life-saving treatment for diseases such as cancer. Estimates of non-adherence to oral anti-cancer therapy range between 27% and 63% in studies of cancer patients. This represents a growing challenge, due to the paradigm shift in anti-cancer treatment from parenteral chemotherapy to oral anti-cancer drugs. The importance of adherence to medical treatment is highlighted by the World Health Organization which considers non-adherence to be a major public health concern...
April 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551898/-diagnostic-errors-in-internal-medicine
#4
REVIEW
Ami Schattner
Diagnostic errors remain an important target in improving the quality of care and achieving better health outcomes. With a relatively steady rate estimated at 10-15% in many settings, research aiming to elucidate mechanisms of error is highly important. Results indicate that not only cognitive mistakes but a number of factors acting together often culminate in a diagnostic error. Far from being 'unpreventable', several methods and techniques are suggested that may show promise in minimizing diagnostic errors...
February 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551890/-the-challenge-of-providing-high-standard-medical-services-in-a-public-hospital
#5
Shay Nathanson, Carlos Gruzman
Kaplan Medical Center (KMC) provides medical services to about 1 million Israeli citizens. The southern plain region is one of the leading areas in terms of population growth in Israel and as a result, the demand for medical services is constantly on the rise. The workload at KMC is tremendous; over 140,000 referrals to the emergency department with a 6% increase each year. Bed occupancy in the internal wards is above 120% on average per year (the highest in Israel) and ambulatory care referrals are rising at an overwhelming pace...
February 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551615/targeted-therapy-in-ovarian-cancer-a-comprehensive-systematic-review-of-literature
#6
REVIEW
Yasser Diab, Mustafa Zelal Muallem
BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to identify the most effectual groups of targeted therapies for ovarian cancer in recent clinical trials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature review has been gathered on an inventive study design that comprises of five steps. This involves search for pertinent publications from 2010 to date in various accessible medical data bases, usage of inclusion and exclusion, appraisal of quality of the studies included, abstraction of the relevant data and intelligible amalgamation of the data abridged in an evocative and narrative style...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551480/general-and-diabetes-specific-stress-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#7
Kaitlyn Rechenberg, Robin Whittemore, Margaret Holland, Margaret Grey
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is one of the most common chronic health conditions in adolescents in the United States. Adherence to the recommended treatment regimen has been reported as a source of stress for adolescents. AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among general and diabetes-specific stress and glycemic control (HbA1c), self-management, and diabetes-specific quality of life (QOL) in adolescents with T1D. METHODS: A secondary analysis of baseline data (N=320) from a randomized controlled trial was conducted...
May 16, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551282/bowel-bladder-dysfunction-and-numbness-in-the-sole-of-the-both-feet-in-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#8
Kazuyuki Watanabe, Miho Sekiguchi, Koji Yonemoto, Takuya Nikaido, Kinshi Kato, Koji Otani, Shoji Yabuki, Tatsuyuki Kakuma, Shin-Ichi Kikuchi, Shin-Ichi Konno
BACKGROUND: Numbness in the soles of both feet at rest or bowel/bladder dysfunction can occur in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), especially in patients with cauda equina lesions. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between cauda equina symptoms at rest and quality of life (QOL) in LSS patients using standardized questionnaires developed for the Japanese population. METHODS: A survey was conducted in 564 hospitals and general practice clinics nationwide from December 1, 2011 to December 31, 2012...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551055/fresh-osteochondral-allografts-procurement-and-tissue-donation-in-europe
#9
S Schmidt, A Schulte, S Schwarz, N Hofmann, S Tietz, M Boergel, S U Sixt
Fresh osteochondral allografts are a well-established treatment for large, full-thickness cartilage defects. The clinical outcome for carefully selected patients is very favorable, especially for the young and active and graft survival up to 25 years has been described in the literature. Furthermore, a high patient satisfaction rate has been reported, but the biggest obstacle to overcome is the availability of tissue for transplantation. Large fresh bone allografts for cartilage damage repair only can be harvested from organ donors following organ removal or cadaveric donors, preferably in the setting of an operation room to minimize possible contamination of the tissue...
May 11, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550997/prescription-errors-related-to-the-use-of-computerized-provider-order-entry-system-for-pediatric-patients
#10
Kamel Alhanout, Sok-Siya Bun, Karine Retornaz, Laurent Chiche, Nathalie Colombini
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the nature and frequency of medication errors resulting from the use of a computerized provider order-entry (CPOE) system in a pediatric department. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study to examine errors related to computerized orders using the software Pharma(®) (Computer Engineering, France) in pediatric department between 31/05/2015 to 01/12/2015. These errors were signaled by pharmacists who examine CPOEs daily. RESULTS: A total of 302 pharmacist interventions (PharmInt) were carried out by clinical pharmacists during the study period...
July 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550759/venous-thromboembolism-in-the-elderly-a-narrative-review
#11
REVIEW
T Tritschler, D Aujesky
Persons aged ≥65years not only account for over 60% of venous thromboembolism (VTE) events, they have also a higher mortality and VTE-related morbidity than younger patients, including anticoagulation-related bleeding and the postthrombotic syndrome. However, only few studies have focused specifically on VTE in older persons and practice guidelines commonly extrapolate study results from younger healthier patients to the multimorbid elderly. Evidence suggests that the clinical presentation is more subtle in the elderly with VTE and that commonly used diagnostic modalities, including clinical prediction rules, D-dimer tests, and planar ventilation-perfusion scans are less specific and efficient in older persons...
May 17, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550698/boomr-better-coordinated-cross-sectoral-medication-reconciliation-for%C3%A2-residential-care
#12
Vincent Vuong, Denis O'Donnell, Hrishikesh Navare, Debra Merrill, Michal Racki, Sheila Burton, Lori Anderson, Carla Beaton
There is evidence that medication errors often arise during the transition of residents from acute care to long-term care (LTC) homes due to lapses in communication and documentation. Better Coordinated Cross-Sectoral Medication Reconciliation (BOOMR) is an integrated practice change improving medication safety during patient transitions through the health system. Our Medication Reconciliation (MedRec) redesign improved patient engagement using "the patient's story," increased quality of information, workflow efficiency and reduced unnecessary medications...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550610/association-between-patient-centered-medical-home-capabilities-and-outcomes-for-medicare-beneficiaries-seeking-care-from-federally-qualified-health-centers
#13
Justin W Timbie, Peter S Hussey, Claude M Setodji, Amii Kress, Rosalie Malsberger, Tara A Lavelle, Mark W Friedberg, Suzanne G Wensky, Katherine D Giuriceo, Katherine L Kahn
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered medical home (PCMH) models of primary care have the potential to expand access, improve population health, and lower costs. Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) were early adopters of PCMH models. OBJECTIVE: We measured PCMH capabilities in a diverse nationwide sample of FQHCs and assessed the relationship between PCMH capabilities and Medicare beneficiary outcomes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, propensity score-weighted, multivariable regression analysis...
May 26, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550480/characteristics-associated-with-quality-of-life-among-people-with-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#14
Leone Ridsdale, Gabriella Wojewodka, Emily Robinson, Sabine Landau, Adam Noble, Stephanie Taylor, Mark Richardson, Gus Baker, Laura H Goldstein
Quality of Life (QoL) is the preferred outcome in non-pharmacological trials, but there is little UK population evidence of QoL in epilepsy. In advance of evaluating an epilepsy self-management course we aimed to describe, among UK participants, what clinical and psycho-social characteristics are associated with QoL. We recruited 404 adults attending specialist clinics, with at least two seizures in the prior year and measured their self-reported seizure frequency, co-morbidity, psychological distress, social characteristics, including self-mastery and stigma, and epilepsy-specific QoL (QOLIE-31-P)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550403/healthcare-utilization-and-costs-in-ards-survivors-a-1-year-longitudinal-national-us-multicenter-study
#15
A Parker Ruhl, Minxuan Huang, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Taruja Karmarkar, Victor D Dinglas, Ramona O Hopkins, Dale M Needham
PURPOSE: To evaluate (1) post-discharge healthcare utilization and estimated costs in ARDS survivors, and (2) the association between patient and intensive care-related variables, and 6-month patient status, with subsequent hospitalization and costs. METHODS: Longitudinal cohort study enrolling from four ARDSNet trials in 44 US hospitals. Healthcare utilization was collected via structured interviews at 6 and 12 months post-ARDS, and hospital costs estimated via the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey...
May 26, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550260/living-alone-with-alzheimer-s-disease-data-from-svedem-the-swedish-dementia-registry
#16
Pavla Cermakova, Maja Nelson, Juraj Secnik, Sara Garcia-Ptacek, Kristina Johnell, Johan Fastbom, Lena Kilander, Bengt Winblad, Maria Eriksdotter, Dorota Religa
BACKGROUND: Many people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) live alone in their own homes. There is a lack of knowledge about whether these individuals receive the same quality of diagnostics and treatment for AD as patients who are cohabiting. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diagnostic work-up and treatment of community-dwelling AD patients who live alone. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional cohort study based on data from the Swedish Dementia Registry (SveDem)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550005/perceptions-of-patient-engagement-applications-during-pregnancy-a-qualitative-assessment-of-the-patient-s-perspective
#17
Maren Goetz, Mitho Müller, Lina Maria Matthies, Jenny Hansen, Anne Doster, Akos Szabo, Jan Pauluschke-Fröhlich, Harald Abele, Christof Sohn, Markus Wallwiener, Stephanie Wallwiener
BACKGROUND: With growing demand for medical information and health applications in pregnancy, the potential of electronic health (eHealth) and mobile health (mHealth) solutions in clinical care is increasingly unfolding. However, we still do not know how pregnant women engage with mobile apps, how such apps impact routine medical care, and whether benefit expectations are met. Whereas recent research has raised the subject of user distribution and analyzed the content of pregnancy applications, there is still a significant knowledge gap regarding what pregnant women like and dislike about pregnancy tools, along with how such interventions could be improved...
May 26, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549980/trends-in-malpractice-claims-for-obstetric-and-gynecologic-procedures-2005-2014
#18
Laura M Glaser, Farah A Alvi, Magdy P Milad
BACKGROUND: Interest in medical malpractice and areas of medico-legal vulnerability for practicing obstetricians and gynecologists has grown substantially, and many providers report changing surgical practice out of fear of litigation. Furthermore, education on medical malpractice and risk management is lacking for obstetrics and gynecology trainees. Recent obstetric and gynecologic malpractice claims data is lacking. We report on recent trends in malpractice claims for obstetrics and gynecology procedures, and compare these trends to those of other medical specialties...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549909/poor-quality-and-counterfeit-drugs-a-systematic-assessment-of-prevalence-and-risks-based-on-data-published-from-2007-2016
#19
Andreas Koczwara, Jennifer Dressman
Counterfeit drugs can hurt patients and harm the pharmaceutical industry. In 2006, the International Medical Products Anti-Counterfeiting Taskforce expressed a need to generate more and better data to calculate a worldwide prevalence of counterfeiting. This review analyzes field test data that were published in the time-frame January 2007 to December 2016, were accessible via Pubmed, and which addressed the prevalence of counterfeit drugs. Based on the 41 studies identified, it is still not possible to make a reliable statement about the prevalence of counterfeit drugs due to the heterogeneity of the results...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549819/rivaroxaban-for-stroke-prevention-in-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-and-active-cancer
#20
Eva S Laube, Anthony Yu, Dipti Gupta, Yimei Miao, Patrick Samedy, Jonathan Wills, Stephen Harnicar, Gerald A Soff, Simon Mantha
Rivaroxaban is broadly used for the primary prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in the general population with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). However, there is little published evidence on the safety and efficacy of rivaroxaban for AF in patients with active cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of rivaroxaban in patients with active cancer and AF. The use of rivaroxaban in patients with cancer at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center is monitored in the setting of a Quality Assessment Initiative...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
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