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Hydrogen sulfide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319759/removal-of-hydrogen-sulfide-generated-during-anaerobic-treatment-of-sulfate-laden-wastewater-using-biochar-evaluation-of-efficiency-and-mechanisms
#1
Jarupat Kanjanarong, Balendu S Giri, Deb P Jaisi, Fernanda R Oliveira, Piyarat Boonsawang, Sumate Chaiprapat, R S Singh, Avula Balakrishna, Samir Kumar Khanal
Removal of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) from biogas was investigated in a biochar column integrated with a bench-scale continuous-stirred tank reactor (CSTR) treating sulfate-laden wastewater. Synthetic wastewater containing sulfate concentrations of 200-2000mg SO4(2-)/L was used as substrate, and the CSTR was operated at an organic loading rate of 1.5g chemical oxygen demand (COD)/L·day and a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 20days. The biochar was able to remove about 98.0 (±1.2)% of H2S for the ranges of concentrations from 105-1020ppmv, especially at high moisture content (80-85%)...
March 4, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319644/the-retinal-relaxing-factor-update-on-an-enigmatic-regulator-of-the-retinal-circulation
#2
Laura Vanden Daele, Charlotte Boydens, Bart Pauwels, Johan Van de Voorde
The retinal circulation is regulated by different local factors and might include the retinal relaxing factor (RRF). This factor is found to be continuously released by the retina and relaxes smooth muscle cells. This review describes the current knowledge about the RRF. Despite many research efforts, the cellular source, identity, mechanism, and physiological role of the RRF remain largely unknown. Thus far, it seems that the RRF is a hydrophilic, thermostable, diffusible chemical messenger, which characteristics do not correspond with most well-known endogenous vasorelaxants...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319373/morphology-controllable-synthesis-of-zn-co-mixed-sulfide-nanostructures-on-carbon-fiber-paper-towards-efficient-rechargeable-zinc-air-batteries-and-water-electrolysis
#3
Xiaoyu Wu, Xiaopeng Han, Xiaoya Ma, Wei Zhang, Yida Deng, Cheng Zhong, Wenbin Hu
It remains an ongoing challenge to develop cheap, highly active and stable electrocatalysts to promote the sluggish electrocatalytic oxygen evolution, oxygen reduction, and hydrogen evolution reactions for rechargeable metal-air batteries and water-splitting systems. In this work, we report the morphology-controllable synthesis of zinc cobalt mixed sulfide (Zn-Co-S) nanoarchitectures, including nanosheets, nanoplates, and nanoneedles, grown on conductive carbon fiber paper (CFP) and the micro-nanostructure dependent electrochemical efficacy for catalyzing hydrogen and oxygen in zinc-air batteries and water electrolysis...
March 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319129/changes-in-salivary-microbiota-increase-volatile-sulfur-compounds-production-in-healthy-male-subjects-with-academic-related-chronic-stress
#4
Bruno Dias Nani, Patricia Oliveira de Lima, Fernanda Klein Marcondes, Francisco Carlos Groppo, Gustavo Sattolo Rolim, Antonio Bento Alves de Moraes, Karina Cogo-Müller, Michelle Franz-Montan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations among salivary bacteria, oral emanations of volatile sulfur compounds, and academic-related chronic stress in healthy male subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-eight healthy male undergraduate dental students were classified as stressed or not by evaluation of burnout, a syndrome attributed to academic-related chronic stress. This evaluation was carried out using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303169/diallyl-trisulfide-suppresses-oxidative-stress-induced-activation-of-hepatic-stellate-cells-through-production-of-hydrogen-sulfide
#5
Feng Zhang, Huanhuan Jin, Li Wu, Jiangjuan Shao, Xiaojing Zhu, Anping Chen, Shizhong Zheng
Accumulating data reveal that garlic has beneficial effects against chronic liver disease. We previously reported that diallyl trisulfide (DATS), the primary organosulfur compound in garlic, reduced fibrosis and attenuated oxidative stress in rat fibrotic liver. The present study was aimed at elucidating the underlying mechanisms. The primary rat hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) were cultured and stimulated with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for inducing HSC activation under oxidative stress. We examined the effects of DATS on the profibrogenic properties and oxidative stress in H2O2-treated HSCs...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300411/h2s-releasing-polymer-micelles-for-studying-selective-cell-toxicity
#6
Jeffrey C Foster, Scott C Radzinski, Xianlin Zou, Carla V Finkielstein, John B Matson
We report the preparation of S-aroylthiooxime (SATO) functionalized amphiphilic block copolymer micelles that release hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a gaseous signaling molecule of relevance to various physiological and pathological conditions. The micelles release H2S in response to cysteine with a half-life of 3.3 h, which is substantially slower than a related small molecule SATO. Exogenous administration of H2S impacts growth and proliferation of cancer cells; however, the limited control over H2S generation from inorganic sulfide sources results in conflicting reports...
March 16, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296393/mechanism-of-reduction-of-ferric-porphyrins-by-sulfide-identification-of-a-low-spin-fe-iii-sh-intermediate
#7
Kaustuv Mittra, Asmita Singha, Abhishek Dey
The reaction of Fe(III) porphyrin complexes bearing distal hydrogen bonding residues with sulfide/hydrosulfide is kinetically monitored to reveal the presence of an intermediate and a kH/kD of 3.0. This intermediate is trapped at low temperatures and investigated with resonance Raman and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. The results, corroborated by density functional theory calculations, indicate that this species is a six-coordinate low spin hydrosulfide bound ferric porphyrin. The homolytic cleavage of the Fe(III)-SH bond resulting in the formation of a ferrous porphyrin and hydrosulfide radical (trapped with 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrrilone-N-oxide) is found to be the overall rate-determining step of the reaction...
March 15, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296392/anion-redox-mechanism-of-moo-s2-2-2-2-bipyridine-for-electrocatalytic-hydrogen-production
#8
Benjamin R Garrett, Shane M Polen, Maneesha Pimplikar, Christopher M Hadad, Yiying Wu
Redox processes of molybdenum-sulfide (Mo-S) compounds are important in the function of materials for various applications from electrocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) to cathode materials for batteries. Our group has recently described a series of Mo-S molecular HER catalysts based on a MoO(S2)2L2 structural motif. Herein, reductive pathways of MoO(S2)2bpy (Mo-bpy) (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine) are presented from both experimental and theoretical studies. We tracked chemical reduction of Mo-bpy with UV-Vis spectroscopy using sodium napthalenide (NaNpth) as the reducing agent and found that Mo-bpy undergoes anionic persulfide reduction to form the tetragonal Mo(VI) complex [MoOS3]2-...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291844/hydrogen-sulfide-generation-from-l-cysteine-in-the-human-glioblastoma-astrocytoma-u-87-mg-and-neuroblastoma-shsy5y-cell-lines
#9
Patrycja Bronowicka-Adamska, Anna Bentke, Maria Wróbel
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is endogenously synthesized from l-cysteine in reactions catalyzed by cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS, EC 4.2.1.22) and gamma-cystathionase (CSE, EC 4.4.1.1). The role of 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (MPST, EC 2.8.1.2) in H2S generation is also considered; it could be important for tissues with low CTH activity, e.g. cells of the nervous system. The expression and activity of CBS, CTH, and MPST were detected in the human glioblastoma-astrocytoma (U-87 MG) and neuroblastoma (SHSY5Y) cell lines...
2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289382/the-hydrogen-sulfide-releasing-molecule-acetyl-deacylasadisulfide-inhibits-metastatic-melanoma
#10
Paola De Cicco, Elisabetta Panza, Chiara Armogida, Giuseppe Ercolano, Orazio Taglialatela-Scafati, Yalda Shokoohinia, Rosa Camerlingo, Giuseppe Pirozzi, Vincenzo Calderone, Giuseppe Cirino, Angela Ianaro
Melanoma is the most common form of skin cancer. Given its high mortality, the interest in the search of preventive measures, such as dietary factors, is growing significantly. In this study we tested, in vitro and in vivo, the potential anti-cancer effect of the acetyl deacylasadisulfide (ADA), a vinyl disulfide compound, isolated and purified from asafoetida a foul-smelling oleo gum-resin of dietary and medicinal relevance. ADA markedly suppressed proliferation of human melanoma cell lines by inducing apoptosis...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288582/the-proteins-of-fusobacterium-spp-involved-in-hydrogen-sulfide-production-from-l-cysteine
#11
Amina Basic, Madeleine Blomqvist, Gunnar Dahlén, Gunnel Svensäter
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a toxic foul-smelling gas produced by subgingival biofilms in patients with periodontal disease and is suggested to be part of the pathogenesis of the disease. We studied the H2S-producing protein expression of bacterial strains associated with periodontal disease. Further, we examined the effect of a cysteine-rich growth environment on the synthesis of intracellular enzymes in F. nucleatum polymorphum ATCC 10953. The proteins were subjected to one-dimensional (1DE) and two-dimensional (2DE) gel electrophoresis An in-gel activity assay was used to detect the H2S-producing enzymes; Sulfide from H2S, produced by the enzymes in the gel, reacted with bismuth forming bismuth sulfide, illustrated as brown bands (1D) or spots (2D) in the gel...
March 14, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288516/the-evolving-role-of-diverse-gaseous-transmitters-mediating-heterocellular-communication-within-the-vasculature
#12
Alex Keller, Brant Isakson
Heterocellular communication between different cell types of the vasculature, both within the blood vessel wall and cells interacting with the blood vessel wall, is absolutely vital and must bet tightly regulated. In this forum issue, the role of four different gaseous transmitters (nitric oxide (NO), carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and superoxide (O2·-)) are examined by four different research groups in detail, with 2 original articles and 2 reviews of the literature. In this editorial, we discuss how each of them may contribute their own component to heterocellular signaling in the vasculature...
March 13, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285261/catalase-as-a-sulfide-sulfur-oxido-reductase-an-ancient-and-modern-regulator-of-reactive-sulfur-species-rss
#13
Kenneth R Olson, Yan Gao, Eric R DeLeon, Maaz Arif, Faihaan Arif, Nitin Arora, Karl D Straub
Catalase is well-known as an antioxidant dismutating H2O2 to O2 and H2O. However, catalases evolved when metabolism was largely sulfur-based, long before O2 and reactive oxygen species (ROS) became abundant, suggesting catalase metabolizes reactive sulfide species (RSS). Here we examine catalase metabolism of H2Sn, the sulfur analog of H2O2, hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and other sulfur-bearing molecules using H2S-specific amperometric electrodes and fluorophores to measure polysulfides (H2Sn; SSP4) and ROS (dichlorofluorescein, DCF)...
March 1, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283345/cystathionine-%C3%AE-synthase-derived-hydrogen-sulfide-is-required-for-amygdalar-long-term-potentiation-and-cued-fear-memory-in-rats
#14
Hai-Bo Chen, Wen-Ning Wu, Wei Wang, Xun-Hu Gu, Bin Yu, Bo Wei, Yuan-Jian Yang
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is an endogenous gaseous molecule that functions as a neuromodulator in the brain. We previously reported that H2S regulated amygdalar synaptic plasticity and cued fear memory in rats. However, whether endogenous H2S is required for amygdalar long-term potentiation (LTP) induction and cued fear memory formation remains unclear. Here, we show that cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS), the predominant H2S-producing enzyme in the brain, was highly expressed in the amygdala of rats. Suppressing CBS activity by inhibitor prevented activity-triggered generation of H2S in the lateral amygdala (LA) region...
March 8, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276891/removal-of-h2s-pollutant-from-gasifier-syngas-by-a-multistage-dual-flow-sieve-plate-column-wet-scrubber
#15
Swamy Kurella, Pawan Kishan Bhukya, B C Meikap
The objective of this study was to observe the performance of a lab-scale three-stage dual-flow sieve plate column scrubber for hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas removal from a gas stream, in which the H2S concentration was similar to that of gasifier syngas. The tap water was used as scrubbing liquid. The gas and liquid were operated at flow rates in the range of 16.59 × 10(-4)-27.65 × 10(-4) Nm(3)/s and 20.649 × 10(-6)-48.183 × 10(-6) m(3)/s, respectively. The effects of gas and liquid flow rates on the percentage removal of H2S were studied at 50-300 ppm inlet concentrations of H2S...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273577/enhanced-sulfur-removal-by-a-tuned-composite-structure-of-cu-zn-fe-and-al-elements
#16
Waleed Mohammad Zahid, Mohamed Abdelhalim Othman, Ahmed Elhag Abasaeed
Several combinations of high sulfur affinity elements of Cu, Zn, Fe, and Al were used to prepare sorbent materials that remove hydrogen sulfide (H2S) from air contaminated streams. The combination of these four elements in composite crystallinity structure resembling hydrotalcite-like and aurichalcite-like compounds showed excellent H2S uptake. Further tuning of the relative ratio among these elements resulted in outstanding H2S uptake. XRD revealed that the final sorbent material was featured by crystallinity structure that had two adjacent lower reflection angles...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270829/cadmium-disrupts-the-balance-between-hydrogen-peroxide-and-superoxide-radical-by-regulating-endogenous-hydrogen-sulfide-in-the-root-tip-of-brassica-rapa
#17
Wenjing Lv, Lifei Yang, Cunfa Xu, Zhiqi Shi, Jinsong Shao, Ming Xian, Jian Chen
Cd (cadmium) stress always alters the homeostasis of ROS (reactive oxygen species) including H2O2 (hydrogen sulfide) and [Formula: see text] (superoxide radical), leading to the oxidative injury and growth inhibition in plants. In addition to triggering oxidative injury, ROS has been suggested as important regulators modulating root elongation. However, whether and how Cd stress induces the inhibition of root elongation by differentially regulating endogenous H2O2 and [Formula: see text], rather than by inducing oxidative injury, remains elusive...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267157/molecular-and-dissociative-adsorption-of-water-and-hydrogen-sulfide-at-perfect-and-defective-cu-110-surfaces
#18
Cláudio M Lousada, Adam Johannes Johansson, Pavel A Korzhavyi
We performed a density functional theory (DFT) investigation of the molecular and dissociative adsorption of H2O and H2S at perfect and defective Cu(110) surfaces described using supercells with c(6 × 6) periodicity. The defective surface consists of a terrace surrounded by pits. We found considerable differences in adsorption modes and energies for H2O and H2S. At the defective Cu(110) surface, monomers of H2O and H2S preferentially adsorb at the terrace site and molecular adsorption of H2O is significantly more favorable than that of H2S...
March 7, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265262/genomic-analysis-of-caldithrix-abyssi-the-thermophilic-anaerobic-bacterium-of-the-novel-bacterial-phylum-calditrichaeota
#19
Ilya V Kublanov, Olga M Sigalova, Sergey N Gavrilov, Alexander V Lebedinsky, Christian Rinke, Olga Kovaleva, Nikolai A Chernyh, Natalia Ivanova, Chris Daum, T B K Reddy, Hans-Peter Klenk, Stefan Spring, Markus Göker, Oleg N Reva, Margarita L Miroshnichenko, Nikos C Kyrpides, Tanja Woyke, Mikhail S Gelfand, Elizaveta A Bonch-Osmolovskaya
The genome of Caldithrix abyssi, the first cultivated representative of a phylum-level bacterial lineage, was sequenced within the framework of Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea (GEBA) project. The genomic analysis revealed mechanisms allowing this anaerobic bacterium to ferment peptides or to implement nitrate reduction with acetate or molecular hydrogen as electron donors. The genome encoded five different [NiFe]- and [FeFe]-hydrogenases, one of which, group 1 [NiFe]-hydrogenase, is presumably involved in lithoheterotrophic growth, three other produce H2 during fermentation, and one is apparently bidirectional...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262123/synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-nitric-oxide-no-hydrogen-sulfide-h2s-releasing-derivatives-of-s-3-n-butylphthalide-as-potential-antiplatelet-agents
#20
Xiao-Li Wang, Zhao-Ya Wang, Jing-Jing Ling, Yi-Hua Zhang, Jian Yin
In the present study, a series of novel nitric oxide-hydrogen sulfide releasing derivatives of (S)-3-n-butylphthalide ((S)-NBP) were designed, synthesized, and evaluated as potential antiplatelet agents. Compound NOSH-NBP-5 displayed the strongest activity in inhibiting the arachidonic acid (AA)- and adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation in vitro, with 3.8- and 7.0-fold more effectiveness than (S)-NBP, respectively. Furthermore, NOSH-NBP-5 could release moderate levels of NO and H2S, which would be beneficial in improving cardiovascular and cerebral circulation...
December 2016: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
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