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Speech characteristics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323747/supporting-a-youth-with-cerebellar-ataxia-into-adolescence
#1
Veronica Meneses, Zurisadai Gonzalez-Castillo, Veronica B Edgar, Marilyn Augustyn
Zoe, a 13-year-old white girl, presents as a new patient to your pediatric clinic with complaints of frequent emesis, anxiety, and learning problems, and previous diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia. Parents accompany Zoe and state, "it is really hard for her to go out, she gets sick and falls easily." She was born full term by vaginal delivery without complications. Given globally delayed milestones, she received early intervention services. Feeding problems began at infancy, including gastroesophageal reflux and aspiration pneumonia...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318193/-neuropsychiatric-phenotype-of-angelman-syndrome-and-clinical-care-report-of-seven-cases
#2
Juan E Cote-Orozco, Paola Del Rocío Mera-Solarte, Eugenia Espinosa-García
Angelman syndrome is a neurogenetic disorder caused by a lack or reduction of expression of UBE3A located within chromosome 15, which codes for ubiquitin protein ligase E3A, which has a key role in synaptic development and neural plasticity. Its main features are developmental delay/intellectual disability, lack of speech, a characteristic behavioural profile, and epilepsy. We describe clinical features and management of seven cases with 15q11-13 deletion. Due to their life expectancy, knowing and managing its comorbidities is crucial to improve their quality of life...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318160/-phonological-characteristics-and-rehabilitation-training-of-abnormal-velar-in-children-with-functional-articulation-disorders
#3
Xu Lina, Li Feng, Zhang Yanyun, Gao Nan, Hu Mingfang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the phonological characteristics and rehabilitation training of abnormal velar in patients with functional articulation disorders (FAD). METHODS: Eighty-seven patients with FAD were observed of the phonological characteristics of velar. Seventy-two patients with abnormal velar accepted speech training. The correlation and simple linear regression analysis were carried out on abnormal velar articulation and age. RESULTS: The articulation disorder of /g/ mainly showed replacement by /d/, /b/ or omission...
December 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301391/comparison-of-multipole-stimulus-configurations-with-respect-to-loudness-and-spread-of-excitation
#4
Dirk Vellinga, Jeroen Johannes Briaire, David Michael Paul van Meenen, Johannes Hubertus Maria Frijns
OBJECTIVE: Current spread is a substantial limitation of speech coding strategies in cochlear implants. Multipoles have the potential to reduce current spread and thus generate more discriminable pitch percepts. The difficulty with multipoles is reaching sufficient loudness. The primary goal was to compare the loudness characteristics and spread of excitation (SOE) of three types of phased array stimulation, a novel multipole, with three more conventional configurations. DESIGN: Fifteen postlingually deafened cochlear implant users performed psychophysical experiments addressing SOE, loudness scaling, loudness threshold, loudness balancing, and loudness discrimination...
March 15, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301068/characteristics-of-communication-with-older-people-in-home-care-a-qualitative-analysis-of-audio-recordings-of-home-care-visits
#5
Dorte Vesterager Kristensen, Annelie J Sundler, Hilde Eide, Linda Hafskjold, Iren Ruud, Inger K Holmström
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics of communication practice in home care visits between older people (over 65 years old) and nurse assistants (NAs) and to discuss the findings from a person-centered perspective. BACKGROUND: The older population is increasing worldwide, along with the need for health care services in the person's home. To achieve high-quality care, person-centered communication is crucial. DESIGN: A descriptive design with a qualitative inductive approach was used...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299425/assessment-of-nasalance-and-nasality-in-patients-with-a-repaired-cleft-palate
#6
Klaus Sinko, Maike Gruber, Reinhold Jagsch, Imme Roesner, Arnulf Baumann, Arno Wutzl, Doris-Maria Denk-Linnert
In patients with a repaired cleft palate, nasality is typically diagnosed by speech language pathologists. In addition, there are various instruments to objectively diagnose nasalance. To explore the potential of nasalance measurements after cleft palate repair by NasalView(®), we correlated perceptual nasality and instrumentally measured nasalance of eight speech items and determined the relationship between sensitivity and specificity of the nasalance measures by receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) analyses and AUC (area under the curve) computation for each single test item and specific item groups...
March 15, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296973/quantitative-analysis-of-disfluency-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-or-language-impairment
#7
Heather MacFarlane, Kyle Gorman, Rosemary Ingham, Alison Presmanes Hill, Katina Papadakis, Géza Kiss, Jan van Santen
Deficits in social communication, particularly pragmatic language, are characteristic of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Speech disfluencies may serve pragmatic functions such as cueing speaking problems. Previous studies have found that speakers with ASD differ from typically developing (TD) speakers in the types and patterns of disfluencies they produce, but fail to provide sufficiently detailed characterizations of the methods used to categorize and quantify disfluency, making cross-study comparison difficult...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289399/auditory-and-vestibular-evoked-potentials-correlate-with-motor-and-non-motor-features-of-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Ali Soliman Shalash, Dalia Mohamed Hassan, Hanan Hani Elrassas, Mohamed Mosaad Salama, Edna Méndez-Hernández, José M Salas-Pacheco, Oscar Arias-Carrión
Degeneration of several brainstem nuclei has been long related to motor and non-motor symptoms (NMSs) of Parkinson's disease (PD). Nevertheless, due to technical issues, there are only a few studies that correlate that association. Brainstem auditory-evoked potential (BAEP) and vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) responses represent a valuable tool for brainstem assessment. Here, we investigated the abnormalities of BAEPs, ocular VEMPs (oVEMPs), and cervical VEMPs (cVEMPs) in patients with PD and its correlation to the motor and NMSs...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274800/a-screening-tool-to-detect-clinical-manganese-neurotoxicity
#9
Brad A Racette, Anat Gross, Susan R Criswell, Harvey Checkoway, Susan Searles Nielsen
Manganese (Mn) over-exposure in occupational settings is associated with basal ganglia toxicity and a movement disorder characterized by parkinsonism (i.e., the signs and symptoms of Parkinson disease). A simple test to help non-neurologists identify workers with clinical Mn neurotoxicity represents an unmet need. In a cohort of Mn-exposed workers from welding worksites, with extensive clinical data, we developed a linear regression model to predict the Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale motor subsection part 3 (UPDRS3) score...
March 5, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273319/cross-sectional-evaluation-of-an-internet-based-hearing-screening-test-in-an-occupational-setting
#10
Marya Sheikh Rashid, Monique Cj Leensen, Jan Apm de Laat, Wouter A Dreschler
Objectives The Occupational Earcheck (OEC) is an online internet test to detect high-frequency hearing loss for the purposes of occupational hearing screening. In this study, we evaluated the OEC in an occupational setting in order to assess test sensitivity, specificity, and validity. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015, in which the optimized OEC was evaluated on 94 employees from the army and three different companies in construction and manufacturing. Subjects underwent OEC in an office-like room...
March 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269485/development-of-bone-conduction-mobile-phones-assessment-of-hearing-mechanisms-by-measuring-psychological-characteristics-and-acoustical-properties-in-the-outer-ear-canal
#11
Seiji Nakagawa, Takuya Hotehama, Kazuhito Ito, Tomohiro Inagaki
We have been developing novel mobile phones using bone conduction, with flat-panel loudspeakers that convey speech sound by vibrating the pinna. In bone conduction via the pinna, i.e., pinna conduction, it is thought that speech sounds are conveyed via both air- and bone-conduction pathways. To obtain useful information for further development of bone-conduction mobile phones, peripheral mechanisms of the pinna conduction need to be clarified. In this study, hearing thresholds, sound field in the outer ear canals, and vibrations of the inner wall of the outer ear canals were measured while normal-hearing participants used pinna-conduction mobile phones...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269089/analysis-of-glottal-source-parameters-in-parkinsonian-speech
#12
Jane Hanratty, Catherine Deegan, Mary Walsh, Barry Kirkpatrick
Diagnosis and monitoring of Parkinson's disease has a number of challenges as there is no definitive biomarker despite the broad range of symptoms. Research is ongoing to produce objective measures that can either diagnose Parkinson's or act as an objective decision support tool. Recent research on speech based measures have demonstrated promising results. This study aims to investigate the characteristics of the glottal source signal in Parkinsonian speech. An experiment is conducted in which a selection of glottal parameters are tested for their ability to discriminate between healthy and Parkinsonian speech...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268990/obstructive-sleep-apnea-severity-estimation-fusion-of-speech-based-systems
#13
D Ben Or, E Dafna, A Tarasiuk, Y Zigel
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep-related breathing disorder. Previous studies associated OSA with anatomical abnormalities of the upper respiratory tract that may be reflected in the acoustic characteristics of speech. We tested the hypothesis that the speech signal carries essential information that can assist in early assessment of OSA severity by estimating apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). 198 men referred to routine polysomnography (PSG) were recorded shortly prior to sleep onset while reading a one-minute speech protocol...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259057/the-accuracy-of-the-bedside-swallowing-evaluation-for-detecting-aspiration-in-survivors-of-acute-respiratory-failure
#14
Ylinne T Lynch, Brendan J Clark, Madison Macht, S David White, Heather Taylor, Tim Wimbish, Marc Moss
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia with subsequent aspiration occurs in up to 60% of acute respiratory failure (ARF) survivors. Accurate bedside tests for aspiration can reduce aspiration-related complications while minimizing delay of oral nutrition. In a cohort of ARF survivors, we determined the accuracy of the bedside swallowing evaluation (BSE) and its components for detecting aspiration. METHODS: Patients who were extubated after at least 24hours of mechanical ventilation were eligible for enrollment...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253637/the-influence-of-lexical-characteristics-and-talker-accent-on-the-recognition-of-english-words-by-speakers-of-japanese
#15
Kiyoko Yoneyama, Benjamin Munson
Whether or not the influence of listeners' language proficiency on L2 speech recognition was affected by the structure of the lexicon was examined. This specific experiment examined the effect of word frequency (WF) and phonological neighborhood density (PND) on word recognition in native speakers of English and second-language (L2) speakers of English whose first language was Japanese. The stimuli included English words produced by a native speaker of English and English words produced by a native speaker of Japanese (i...
February 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250997/oral-health-characteristics-and-dental-rehabilitation-of-children-with-global-developmental-delay
#16
Saurabh Kumar, Deepika Pai, Runki Saran
Global developmental delay (GDD) is a chronic neurological disturbance which includes defects in one or more developmental domains. The developmental domain can be motor, cognitive, daily activities, speech or language, and social or personal development. The etiology for GDD can be prenatal, perinatal, or postnatal. It can be diagnosed early in childhood as the delay or absence of one or more developmental milestones. Hence the role of pedodontist and pediatricians becomes more crucial in identifying this condition...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249075/the-effect-of-information-and-severity-on-perception-of-speakers-with-adductor-spasmodic-dysphonia
#17
Tanya L Eadie, Reyhaneh Rajabzadeh, Derek D Isetti, Martin T Nevdahl, Carolyn R Baylor
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of severity of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD) and information about it on unfamiliar listeners' attitudes about speakers' personal characteristics, perceived vocal effort, and listener comfort on the basis of ratings of speech recordings. Method: Fifteen women with ADSD and 5 controls provided speech samples. Forty-five unfamiliar listeners were randomized into 3 groups. Listeners in Group 1 received no information, listeners in Group 2 were told that some speakers had voice disorders or had no voice concerns, and listeners in Group 3 were provided diagnostic labels for each speaker and information about ADSD...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240983/validation-of-a-computer-administered-version-of-the-digits-in-noise-test-for-hearing-screening-in-the-united-states
#18
Robert L Folmer, Jay Vachhani, Garnett P McMillan, Charles Watson, Gary R Kidd, M Patrick Feeney
BACKGROUND: The sooner people receive treatment for hearing loss (HL), the quicker they are able to recognize speech and to master hearing aid technology. Unfortunately, a majority of people with HL wait until their impairments have progressed from moderate to severe levels before seeking auditory rehabilitation. To increase the number of individuals with HL who pursue and receive auditory rehabilitation, it is necessary to improve methods for identifying and informing these people via widely accessible hearing screening procedures...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236010/the-comprehensive-icf-core-set-for-head-and-neck-cancer-a-delphi-consensus-survey-among-german-speaking-speech-and-language-therapists
#19
Matthias Engelbarts, Vanessa Schuster, Ulrich Kisser, Carla Sabariego, Marita Stier-Jarmer, Michaela Coenen, Benjamin Philipp Ernst, Sebastian Strieth, Ulrich Harréus, Sven Becker
The "Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Head and Neck Cancer" (ICF-HNC) is an application of the "International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health" (ICF), representing the characteristic spectrum of issues in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). Our primary aim was to evaluate which categories of the ICF-HNC are dealt with by speech and language therapists (SLTs) in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. The secondary aim was to identify outcome measures used by SLTs to measure the categories of the ICF-HNC in clinical practice...
February 24, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235554/mismatch-field-latency-but-not-power-may-mark-a-shared-autistic-and-schizotypal-trait-phenotype
#20
Talitha C Ford, Will Woods, David P Crewther
The auditory mismatch negativity (MMN), a preattentive processing potential, and its magnetic counterpart (MMF) are consistently reported as reduced in schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorders. This study investigates whether MMF characteristics differ between subclinically high and low scorers on the recently discovered shared autism and schizophrenia phenotype, Social Disorganisation. A total of 18 low (10 female) and 19 high (9 female) Social Disorganisation scorers underwent magnetoencephalography (MEG) during a MMF paradigm of 50ms standard (1000Hz, 85%) and 100ms duration deviant tones...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
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