keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Speech characteristics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784061/understanding-developmental-language-disorder-the-helsinki-longitudinal-sli-study-helsli-a-study-protocol
#1
Marja Laasonen, Sini Smolander, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Miika Leminen, Hanna-Reetta Lajunen, Kati Heinonen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Todd M Bailey, Emmanuel M Pothos, Teija Kujala, Paavo H T Leppänen, Christopher W Bartlett, Ahmed Geneid, Leena Lauronen, Elisabet Service, Sari Kunnari, Eva Arkkila
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD, also called specific language impairment, SLI) is a common developmental disorder comprising the largest disability group in pre-school-aged children. Approximately 7% of the population is expected to have developmental language difficulties. However, the specific etiological factors leading to DLD are not yet known and even the typical linguistic features appear to vary by language. We present here a project that investigates DLD at multiple levels of analysis and aims to make the reliable prediction and early identification of the difficulties possible...
May 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779984/decreasing-prevalence-and-severity-of-cerebral-palsy-in-norway-among-children-born-1999-to-2010-concomitant-with-improvements-in-perinatal-health
#2
Sandra Julsen Hollung, Torstein Vik, Stian Lydersen, Inger Johanne Bakken, Guro L Andersen
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to explore if the prevalence and clinical characteristics of cerebral palsy (CP), concomitant with perinatal health indicators in the general population, remained unchanged for children born in Norway between 1999 and 2010. METHODS: This national multi-register cohort study included 711 174 children recorded in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. Among these, 707 916 were born alive, and 1664 had a validated diagnosis of CP recorded in the Cerebral Palsy Registry of Norway and/or the Norwegian Patient Registry...
May 8, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778328/acoustic-perceptual-correlates-of-voice-in-indian-hindu-purohits
#3
Radish Kumar Balasubramanium, Sudhin Karuppali, Gagan Bajaj, Anuradha Shastry, Jayashree Bhat
OBJECTIVE: Purohit, in the Indian religious context (Hindu), means priest. Purohits are professional voice users who use their voice while performing regular worships and rituals in temples and homes. Any deviations in their voice can have an impact on their profession. Hence, there is a need to investigate the voice characteristics of purohits using perceptual and acoustic analyses. METHODS: A total of 44 men in the age range of 18-30 years were divided into two groups...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775022/-establishment-of-the-characterization-of-an-adult-digits-in-noise-test-based-on-internet
#4
B E Qi, T B Zhang, X X Fu, G P Li
Objective: The aim of this study is to explore the sensitivity and specificity of the internet-based digital noise threshold (DIN) test for detecting noise-induced hearing loss, expecting to provide a rapid and effective screening tool for clinical application. Method: This study enrolled 50 adult subjects, of which 34 were normal hearing (NH), 16 patients with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Pure-tone audiometry, acoustic immittance and DIN test were tested respectively. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between NH and SNHL...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773324/comparison-of-pitch-strength-with-perceptual-and-other-acoustic-metric-outcome-measures-following-medialization-laryngoplasty
#5
Adam D Rubin, Cristina Jackson-Menaldi, Lisa M Kopf, Katherine Marks, Jean Skeffington, Mark D Skowronski, Rahul Shrivastav, Eric J Hunter
INTRODUCTION: The diagnoses of voice disorders, as well as treatment outcomes, are often tracked using visual (eg, stroboscopic images), auditory (eg, perceptual ratings), objective (eg, from acoustic or aerodynamic signals), and patient report (eg, Voice Handicap Index and Voice-Related Quality of Life) measures. However, many of these measures are known to have low to moderate sensitivity and specificity for detecting changes in vocal characteristics, including vocal quality. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare changes in estimated pitch strength (PS) with other conventionally used acoustic measures based on the cepstral peak prominence (smoothed cepstral peak prominence, cepstral spectral index of dysphonia, and acoustic voice quality index), and clinical judgments of voice quality (GRBAS [grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain] scale) following laryngeal framework surgery...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768731/cochlear-implant-performance-in-children-deafened-by-congenital-cytomegalovirus-a-systematic-review
#6
V J C Kraaijenga, F Van Houwelingen, S F Van der Horst, J Visscher, J M L Huisman, E J Hollman, I Stegeman, A L Smit
BACKGROUND: Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection is a major cause of sensorineural hearing loss in children. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: The objective of this systematic review was to compare performance in pediatric cochlear implant users with SNHL caused by cCMV compared to non-cCMV implantees. TYPE OF REVIEW: Systematic review. SEARCH STRATEGY: Pubmed, EMBASE and the Cochrane databases were searched from inception up to May 15th 2017 for children, cochlear implant, performance and their synonyms...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768426/the-ryerson-audio-visual-database-of-emotional-speech-and-song-ravdess-a-dynamic-multimodal-set-of-facial-and-vocal-expressions-in-north-american-english
#7
Steven R Livingstone, Frank A Russo
The RAVDESS is a validated multimodal database of emotional speech and song. The database is gender balanced consisting of 24 professional actors, vocalizing lexically-matched statements in a neutral North American accent. Speech includes calm, happy, sad, angry, fearful, surprise, and disgust expressions, and song contains calm, happy, sad, angry, and fearful emotions. Each expression is produced at two levels of emotional intensity, with an additional neutral expression. All conditions are available in face-and-voice, face-only, and voice-only formats...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765620/reducing-language-to-rhythm-amazonian-bora-drummed-language-exploits-speech-rhythm-for-long-distance-communication
#8
Frank Seifart, Julien Meyer, Sven Grawunder, Laure Dentel
Many drum communication systems around the world transmit information by emulating tonal and rhythmic patterns of spoken languages in sequences of drumbeats. Their rhythmic characteristics, in particular, have not been systematically studied so far, although understanding them represents a rare occasion for providing an original insight into the basic units of speech rhythm as selected by natural speech practices directly based on beats. Here, we analyse a corpus of Bora drum communication from the northwest Amazon, which is nowadays endangered with extinction...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764295/acoustic-sources-of-accent-in-second-language-japanese-speech
#9
Kaori Idemaru, Peipei Wei, Lucy Gubbins
This study reports an exploratory analysis of the acoustic characteristics of second language (L2) speech which give rise to the perception of a foreign accent. Japanese speech samples were collected from American English and Mandarin Chinese speakers ( n = 16 in each group) studying Japanese. The L2 participants and native speakers ( n = 10) provided speech samples modeling after six short sentences. Segmental (vowels and stops) and prosodic features (rhythm, tone, and fluency) were examined. Native Japanese listeners ( n = 10) rated the samples with regard to degrees of foreign accent...
May 1, 2018: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763271/adults-with-developmental-disabilities-a-comprehensive-approach-to-medical-care
#10
Clarissa Kripke
Developmental disabilities are attributable to a cognitive impairment, physical impairment, or both. They manifest during the developmental period from birth to early adulthood, and are likely to continue indefinitely. The life expectancy of most persons with developmental disabilities now approaches that of the general population. According to the neurodiversity model of care, developmental disability is accepted as a valued part of human neurologic diversity. The social model focuses on improving participation in society with accommodations such as adaptive equipment or improvements to the social and physical environment...
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761963/-research-on-spectrum-feature-of-speech-processing-strategy-for-cochlear-implant
#11
Yousheng Chen, Jian Wang, Weifang Chen, Mingxiang Guan
Cochlear implant (CI) in present Chinese environment will lose pitch information and result in low speech recognition. In order to research Chinese feature-based speech processing strategy for cochlear implant contrapuntally and to improve the speech recognition for CI recipients, we improve the CI front-end signal acquisition platform and research the signal features. Our search includes the waveform, spectrogram, energy intensity, pitch and formant parameters for different speech processing strategies of cochlear implant...
October 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760552/patients-receiving-chiropractic-care-in-a-neurorehabilitation-hospital-a-descriptive-study
#12
Robert D Vining, Stacie A Salsbury, W Carl Cooley, Donna Gosselin, Lance Corber, Christine M Goertz
Objectives: Individuals rehabilitating from complex neurological injury require a multidisciplinary approach, which typically does not include chiropractic care. This study describes inpatients receiving multidisciplinary rehabilitation including chiropractic care for brain injury, spinal cord injury (SCI), stroke, and other complex neurological conditions. Design: Chiropractic services were integrated into Crotched Mountain Specialty Hospital (CMSH) through this project...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757148/mild-encephalitis-encephalopathy-with-a-reversible-splenial-lesion-in-children
#13
Adalet Elçin Yıldız, Hülya Maraş Genç, Esra Gürkaş, Havva Akmaz Ünlü, İbrahim Halil Öncel, Alev Güven
PURPOSE: We aimed to present clinical and radiologic characteristics of mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) in children. METHODS: Eight children (5 boys and 3 girls; median age, 5.9 years; age range, 8 months to 14.1 years) diagnosed with MERS between September 2015 and June 2017 were included in the study. We reviewed the patient's data, including demographic characteristics, prodromal and neurologic symptoms, neurologic examination, magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalography findings, laboratory findings, treatment, and prognosis...
March 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754124/predictors-of-postoperative-rehabilitation-therapy-following-congenital-heart-surgery
#14
Ana Ubeda Tikkanen, Meena Nathan, Lynn A Sleeper, Marisa Flavin, Ana Lewis, Donna Nimec, John E Mayer, Pedro Del Nido
BACKGROUND: Patients with congenital heart disease are at risk of motor, cognitive, speech, and feeding difficulties after cardiac surgery. Rehabilitation therapy could improve functional outcomes in this population if applied in the acute postcardiac surgical in-hospital stay. However, information on the types of acute postcardiac surgery therapy needs in children is scarce. Our goal was to describe rehabilitation therapy following congenital heart surgery and pre/intraoperative factors associated with need for therapy...
May 12, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745524/-an-acoustic-articulatory-study-of-the-nasal-finals-in-students-with-and-without-hearing-loss
#15
Qing Wang, Jing Bai, Peiyun Xue, Xueying Zhang, Pei Feng
The central aim of this experiment was to compare the articulatory and acoustic characteristics of students with normal hearing (NH) and school aged children with hearing loss (HL), and to explore the articulatory-acoustic relations during the nasal finals. Fourteen HL and 10 control group were enrolled in this study, and the data of 4 HL students were removed because of their high pronunciation error rate. Data were collected using an electromagnetic articulography. The acoustic data and kinematics data of nasal finals were extracted by the phonetics and data processing software, and all data were analyzed by t test and correlation analysis...
April 1, 2018: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728175/congenital-and-iatrogenic-laryngeal-and-vocal-abnormalities-in-patients-with-22q11-2-deletion
#16
Bridget Ebert, James Sidman, Noelle Morrell, Brianne Barnett Roby
BACKGROUND: Voice abnormalities often go unrecognized in patients with 22q11.2 deletion because speech abnormalities become the focus of evaluation. OBJECTIVE: To analyze voice and vocal fold abnormalities in patients with 22q11.2 deletion by examining voice, not speech. METHODS: This is a case series with chart review from 2009 to 2016. Records of both a velocardiofacial syndrome (VCF) clinic and pediatric otolaryngology clinic at a tertiary pediatric hospital were reviewed...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724491/clinical-presentation-of-a-complex-neurodevelopmental-disorder-caused-by-mutations-in-adnp
#17
Anke Van Dijck, Anneke T Vulto-van Silfhout, Elisa Cappuyns, Ilse M van der Werf, Grazia M Mancini, Andreas Tzschach, Raphael Bernier, Illana Gozes, Evan E Eichler, Corrado Romano, Anna Lindstrand, Ann Nordgren, Malin Kvarnung, Tjitske Kleefstra, Bert B A de Vries, Sébastien Küry, Jill A Rosenfeld, Marije E Meuwissen, Geert Vandeweyer, R Frank Kooy
BACKGROUND: In genome-wide screening studies for de novo mutations underlying autism and intellectual disability, mutations in the ADNP gene are consistently reported among the most frequent. ADNP mutations have been identified in children with autism spectrum disorder comorbid with intellectual disability, distinctive facial features, and deficits in multiple organ systems. However, a comprehensive clinical description of the Helsmoortel-Van der Aa syndrome is lacking. METHODS: We identified a worldwide cohort of 78 individuals with likely disruptive mutations in ADNP from January 2014 to October 2016 through systematic literature search, by contacting collaborators, and through direct interaction with parents...
March 15, 2018: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719672/abnormal-coherence-and-sleep-composition-in-children-with-angelman-syndrome-a-retrospective-eeg-study
#18
Hanna den Bakker, Michael S Sidorov, Zheng Fan, David J Lee, Lynne M Bird, Catherine J Chu, Benjamin D Philpot
Background: Angelman syndrome (AS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by intellectual disability, speech and motor impairments, epilepsy, abnormal sleep, and phenotypic overlap with autism. Individuals with AS display characteristic EEG patterns including high-amplitude rhythmic delta waves. Here, we sought to quantitatively explore EEG architecture in AS beyond known spectral power phenotypes. We were motivated by studies of functional connectivity and sleep spindles in autism to study these EEG readouts in children with AS...
2018: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716273/the-discrimination-of-voice-cues-in-simulations-of-bimodal-electro-acoustic-cochlear-implant-hearing
#19
Deniz Başkent, Annika Luckmann, Jessy Ceha, Etienne Gaudrain, Terrin N Tamati
In discriminating speakers' voices, normal-hearing individuals effectively use two vocal characteristics, vocal pitch (related to fundamental frequency, F0) and vocal-tract length (VTL, related to speaker size). Typical cochlear-implant users show poor perception of these cues. However, in implant users with low-frequency residual acoustic hearing, this bimodal electro-acoustic stimulation may provide additional voice-related cues, such as low-numbered harmonics and formants, which could improve F0/VTL perception...
April 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716262/speech-enhancement-for-cochlear-implant-recipients
#20
Dongmei Wang, John H L Hansen
In this study, a single microphone speech enhancement algorithm is proposed to improve speech intelligibility for cochlear implant recipients. The proposed algorithm combines harmonic structure estimation with a subsequent statistical based speech enhancement stage. Traditional minimum mean square error (MMSE) based speech enhancement methods typically focus on statistical characteristics of the noise and track the noise variance along time dimension. The MMSE method is usually effective for stationary noise, but not as useful for non-stationary noise...
April 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
keyword
keyword
78704
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"