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Labral tears

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349010/arthroscopic-repair-of-hip-labrum-with-suture-anchors
#1
Kartik Shenoy, Amos Z Dai, Siddharth A Mahure, Daniel J Kaplan, Brian Capogna, Thomas Youm
The acetabular labrum and the transverse acetabular ligament form a continuous ring of tissue on the periphery of the acetabulum that provides a seal for the hip joint and increases the surface area to spread load distribution during weight-bearing. When a labral tear is suspected, the treatment algorithm always begins with conservative management, including physical therapy and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. When conservative management fails, patients become candidates for arthroscopic labral repair...
December 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349009/arthroscopic-repair-of-type-ii-slap-tears-using-suture-anchor-technique
#2
Mathew Hamula, Siddharth A Mahure, Daniel J Kaplan, Brent Mollon, Joseph D Zuckerman, Young W Kwon, Andrew S Rokito
Arthroscopic SLAP tear repair has become an increasingly used treatment for patients presenting with symptomatic SLAP tears after failed nonoperative management. Debridement, SLAP repair, and open or arthroscopic biceps tenodesis or tenotomy have been used for the treatment of SLAP tears. Various techniques for repair have been described, and furthermore, there is a high incidence of concomitant pathology of the shoulder. Repair remains an excellent option in isolated SLAP tears amenable to repair, with excellent outcomes in well-indicated patients...
December 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344768/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-injuries-to-the-biceps-and-superior-labral-complex-in-overhead-athletes
#3
REVIEW
Jacob G Calcei, Venkat Boddapati, David W Altchek, Christopher L Camp, Joshua S Dines
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses the diagnostic and treatment challenges presented by injuries to the biceps and superior labral complex. RECENT FINDINGS: A focused patient history, numerous physical examination maneuvers, and appropriate advanced imaging studies must be utilized to reach an accurate diagnosis. Nonoperative management, even in overhead athletes, has demonstrated relatively good outcomes, while operative outcomes have yielded mixed results...
January 17, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330619/mr-arthrography-of-the-hip-diagnostic-performance-and-image-quality-of-3d-steady-state-free-precession-versus-2d-turbo-spin-echo-sequences
#4
Mareen Sarah Kraus, Mike Notohamiprodjo, Sasan Partovi, Ahmed Sobieh, Andrea Baur-Melnyk, Joerg Hausdorf, Ulrich Grosse
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively compare the diagnostic performance of isotropic 3D steady-state free precession (3D-SSFP) sequences with 2D turbo spin-echo proton density-weighted fat-saturated (2D-TSE-PD fs) images in hip magnetic resonance arthrography; arthroscopy was a standard of reference. METHODS: Eighty-one patients with suspected labral tears who underwent hip MR arthrography (3-T scanner) were included. 2D-TSE-PD fs sequences were acquired in three planes and a singular sagittal 3D-SSFP...
January 12, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324877/impact-of-extra-articular-pathologies-on-groin-pain-an-arthroscopic-evaluation
#5
Mitsunori Kaya
PURPOSE: For patients who have anterior hip pain evaluated by Patrick's test and tenderness at Scarpa's triangle, we perform periarticular debridement based on the hypothesis that extra-articular pathologies are responsible for the hip pain. The purpose of this study was to categorize the endoscopic extra-articular findings and to evaluate the clinical significance of periarticular pathologies in anterior hip pain. METHODS: Arthroscopic findings of 77 patients who underwent periarthritic debridement were evaluated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305621/-modern-treatment-strategies-for-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-tendon
#6
REVIEW
S Braun, A B Imhoff
The long head of the biceps and the biceps pulley sling are prone to acute or degenerative injury. As they both were identified as major pain generators, adequate diagnosis and treatment is vital for successful treatment of shoulder pain. Although the basic principles to address either pathology have not changed over the last decades, new trends have evolved to simplify surgical options. SLAP (superior labral tear from anterior to posterior) repair is seen more restrictive and is mostly performed in young individuals, whereas tenotomy or tenodesis are more often used in patients over 30...
January 5, 2018: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304983/editorial-commentary-mri-findings-are-only-one-part-of-the-equation-in-national-football-league-athletes-shoulder-instability-in-contact-athletes
#7
EDITORIAL
Jeremy M Burnham, James P Bradley
Shoulder instability is a common problem in contact sports such as the National Football League. Although many elite level football athletes will have shoulder magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings consistent with labral tearing on MRI, these imaging findings are not always correlated with symptomatic instability or functional limitations. It is crucial in all patients, not just National Football League athletes, to treat the patient, and not the MRI.
January 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291284/little-league-shoulder-in-a-15-year-old-male-baseball-pitcher
#8
Mark C Zipser, Jonathan C Sum, Alison G Wilcox
A 15-year-old baseball pitcher presented to physical therapy with a 1-week history of acute right shoulder pain experienced during the acceleration phase of throwing. The week after physical therapy evaluation, the patient returned with radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging results that revealed lateral physeal widening with adjacent edema. Additionally, a nondisplaced labral tear was noted. In this case, imaging was necessary for an accurate diagnosis of lateral physeal widening, commonly referred to as "Little League shoulder...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287948/readability-of-the-most-commonly-accessed-arthroscopy-related-online-patient-education-materials
#9
Sheriff D Akinleye, Ryan Krochak, Nicholas Richardson, Garret Garofolo, Maya Deza Culbertson, Orry Erez
PURPOSE: To assess the readability and comprehension of written text by the most commonly visited websites containing patient education materials on common conditions that can be treated arthroscopically. METHODS: We examined 50 websites, assessed independently by 2 orthopaedic surgery residents (S.A. and G.G.), with educational materials on 5 common conditions treated by arthroscopic surgeons: anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear, meniscus tear, hip labral tear, shoulder labral tear, and rotator cuff tear...
December 26, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284482/outcomes-of-arthroscopic-debridement-of-isolated-ligamentum-teres-tears-using-the-ihot-33
#10
Nicholas Pergaminelis, Jesse Renouf, Camdon Fary, Oren Tirosh, Phong Tran
BACKGROUND: Tears of the Ligamentum Teres are a common cause of groin pain. Tears of the ligament frequently co-exist alongside other bony or labral intra-articular hip lesions, which are also treated at the time of arthroscopy. For this reason, it is often difficult to assess the effect that debridement alone has on improving patient pain and function. This study aims to assess the short-term outcomes of arthroscopic debridement of isolated Ligamentum Teres tears using a validated patient-reported outcome score - the International Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT-33)...
December 29, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279558/consecutive-bilateral-hip-arthroscopy-for-symptomatic-bilateral-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-an-elite-rugby-player-a-case-report
#11
Nobuaki Chinzei, Shingo Hashimoto, Shinya Hayashi, Noriyuki Kanzaki, Daisuke Araki, Ryosuke Kuroda, Masahiro Kurosaka
We report a case of concurrent bilateral hip arthroscopy for symptomatic bilateral femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) performed under the single anesthesia on an elite rugby player. A 27-year-old rugby player who played for a top league had bilateral hip joint pain. Physical examination revealed bilateral tenderness in the anterior area of the hips, with positive impingement signs. Based on the findings of hip radiography and magnetic resonance imaging, the patient's symptoms were diagnosed as bilateral FAI with hip labral tears...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273830/a-posterior-labral-cyst-associated-with-an-anterior-labral-tear-of-the-hip
#12
Elizabeth Scott, Robert Westermann, James Rosneck
Paralabral cysts are often associated with labral and other intraarticular hip pathology; MRI as well as diagnostic ultrasound can assist in diagnosis. Although often considered a coincidental finding, paralabral cysts can be a separate pain generator about the hip through compression of surrounding anatomy. They can also be initially mistaken for malignancy or other pathology by providers unfamiliar with their appearance. We present the case of an active 33-year-old female with right hip pain secondary to a large symptomatic posterior acetabular paralabral cyst with concomitant anterior labral tear...
December 22, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250340/revision-hip-arthroscopy-findings-and-outcomes
#13
F Winston Gwathmey, Kay S Jones, J W Thomas Byrd
The purpose of this study is to report on the operative findings and the outcomes of revision hip arthroscopy. All hip arthroscopy cases are prospectively assessed with a modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS) preoperatively and postoperatively. This study consists of 190 consecutive hips (186 patients) who underwent revision arthroscopy with minimum 2-year follow-up. There were 69 males and 117 females with a mean age of 32.7 (14-64). The mean time from index to revision procedure was 24.5 months (3-146). Common diagnoses included labral tears (102) and unaddressed or residual femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) (49 cam, 11 pincer, and 20 combined)...
December 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250339/does-duration-of-symptoms-affect-clinical-outcome-after-hip-arthroscopy-for-labral-tears-analysis-of-prospectively-collected-outcomes-with-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#14
Brian D Dierckman, Jake Ni, Eric A Hohn, Benjamin G Domb
Limited research exists on the possible association between duration of symptoms and clinical outcomes following hip arthroscopy for labral tears. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether duration of symptoms affected clinical and patient-reported outcome (PRO) scores following hip arthroscopy for labral tears. From 2008 to 2011, data were collected prospectively on all patients undergoing primary hip arthroscopy for labral tears. Workers' compensation cases, dysplasia cases and patients with previous ipsilateral hip surgeries were excluded...
December 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226162/relationship-between-age-at-onset-of-symptoms-and-intraoperative-findings-in-hip-arthroscopic-surgery
#15
Carlos Suarez-Ahedo, Chengcheng Gui, Stephanie M Rabe, John P Walsh, Sivashankar Chandrasekaran, Benjamin G Domb
Background: Hip arthroscopic surgery is intended to treat multiple abnormalities in an effort to delay the progression to osteoarthritis, especially in young patients. However, the length of time in which patients experience joint pain before seeking a specialist for a diagnosis can delay hip preservation surgery and influence clinical outcomes. Purpose: To investigate the relationship between age at symptom onset and findings during hip arthroscopic surgery as well as outcomes after 2 years of clinical follow-up...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218683/comparison-of-mri-ct-dunn-45%C3%A2-and-dunn-90%C3%A2-alpha-angle-measurements-in-femoroacetabular-impingement
#16
Kevin M Smith, Brayden J Gerrie, Patrick C McCulloch, David M Lintner, Joshua D Harris
PURPOSE: To determine if a significant difference existed among alpha angle measurements between 4 imaging techniques, axial oblique CT and MRI, Dunn 45° and Dunn 90° plain radiographs, in patients with symptomatic cam femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and labral tear. METHODS: A single-surgeon prospective radiographic analysis of consecutive non-arthritic and non-dysplastic patients with symptomatic FAI and labral tears who underwent surgery was performed. Alpha angle was measured using standard techniques as described by Nötzli...
December 4, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212679/complications-following-arthroscopic-surgery-of-the-hip-a-systematic-review-of-36-761-cases
#17
REVIEW
N Nakano, L Lisenda, T L Jones, D T Loveday, V Khanduja
AIMS: The number of patients undergoing arthroscopic surgery of the hip has increased significantly during the past decade. It has now become an established technique for the treatment of many intra- and extra-articular conditions affecting the hip. However, it has a steep learning curve and is not without the risk of complications. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the prevalence of complications during and following this procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were used in designing this study...
December 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212435/adhesive-capsulitis-of-the-hip
#18
Hee Joong Kim, Jeong Joon Yoo, Hong Suk Kwak, Hyung Jun Jeong, Min Nyeon Kim, Wonyeong Seo
PURPOSE: Adhesive capsulitis of the hip (ACH) is not a well-defined disease entity. We evaluated the change in the clinical features of patients whose chief complaint was inability to sit cross-legged on the floor. All patients had painful limitation in hip joint motion. Based on the diagnosis of ACH, active stretching exercise (ASE) was recommended. METHODS: In February 2013 and June 2014, a total of 44 patients (50 hips), who visited outpatient clinic in 2011, were evaluated by telephone interviews...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199059/preventing-overdiagnosis-of-acetabular-labral-tears-in-40-plus-year-old-patients-shouldn-t-these-be-called-labral-fissures-instead
#19
Ian Amber, Suyash Mohan
Acetabular labral tears represent a common finding on magnetic resonance imaging of the hip. Labral tears can arise from a multitude of underlying pathological processes or they may be an asymptomatic incidental finding. The prevalence of labral tears and their lack of specificity make this an area vulnerable to potential overdiagnosis. The overdiagnosis of labral tears leads to overtreatment by exposing patients to unnecessary surgeries as well as complications ranging from unsatisfying outcomes to deep venous thrombosis...
November 30, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195899/ibuprofen-impairs-capsulolabral-healing-in-a-rat-model-of-anterior-glenohumeral-instability
#20
Jonathan D Packer, Arya G Varthi, David S Zhu, Frances G Javier, Jason D Young, Jennie V Garver, Havalee Henry, Steven M Tommasini, Theodore A Blaine
BACKGROUND: Failure of glenoid labrum and capsular healing after glenohumeral dislocation can lead to persistent shoulder instability. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on the healing glenoid labrum and capsule after glenohumeral dislocation in a rat model. METHODS: Sixty-six rats had surgically induced anterior-inferior labral tears and anterior glenohumeral dislocation. Postoperatively, the animals were assigned to either normal (n = 32) or ibuprofen drinking water (n = 31)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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