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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110454/tackling-the-salinity-pollution-nexus-in-coastal-aquifers-from-arid-regions-using-nitrate-and-boron-isotopes
#1
V Re, E Sacchi
Salinization and nitrate pollution are generally ascertained as the main issues affecting coastal aquifers worldwide. In arid zones, where agricultural activities also result in soil salinization, both phenomena tend to co-exist and synergically contribute to alter groundwater quality, with severe negative impacts on human populations and natural ecosystems' wellbeing. It becomes therefore necessary to understand if and to what extent integrated hydrogeochemical tools can help in distinguishing among possible different salinization and nitrate contamination origins, in order to provide adequate science-based support to local development and environmental protection...
January 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110451/the-importance-of-various-stages-of-succession-in-preservation-of-biodiversity-among-riparian-birds-in-northern-iran
#2
Zahra Sepehri Roshan, Sina Anushiravani, Soroor Karimi, Hossein Varasteh Moradi, Abdol Rasoul Salmanmahini
Every stage of succession may provide certain species with habitat requirements which are impossible in other stages of succession. This study attempts to evaluate the different stages of succession in terms of composition and structure of bird populations in Hyrcanian forests. Bird-habitat relationships were investigated by comparing vegetation characteristics in three successional stages including late, initial stage, and urban areas. Bird richness, diversity, and abundance were measured within a 25-m radius of each of the 120 sampling points in various stages of succession and urban areas from May to April (2014) in the Ziarat catchment...
February 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110423/accuracy-and-evaluation-of-a-new-regression-equation-in-predicting-the-width-of-unerupted-permanent-canines-and-premolar-teeth
#3
A Bhatnagar, A A Sinha, S Chaudhary, N Manuja, H Kaur, T R Chaitra
AIM: To assess the applicability of two regression equations based on mixed dentition analysis and to propose and evaluate a new regression equation using the mandibular incisors and first permanent molars as predictors in calculating the size of unerupted permanent canines and premolar teeth in school children. METHODS: Dental study casts of 100 children (50 males and 50 females) aged 11-14 years from schools situated in Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India were used...
January 21, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110390/operative-treatment-of-lateral-ligament-instability
#4
REVIEW
Rachel J Shakked, Sydney Karnovsky, Mark C Drakos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ankle sprains, which account for 40% of sports injuries in the USA, can lead to chronic ankle instability. Chronic ankle instability can be classified as functional, mechanical, or a combination of both and is diagnosed using a combination of a physical exam, an MRI, and stress radiographs. This review focuses on different approaches to treatment, including non-operative and operative techniques, of chronic ankle instability, including reviewing traditional procedures as well as more novel and newer techniques...
January 21, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110290/guided-and-unguided-internet-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-versus-usual-care-for-dizzy-adults-of-50%C3%A2-years-and-older-a-protocol-for-a-three-armed-randomised-trial
#5
Vincent A van Vugt, Johannes C van der Wouden, Judith E Bosmans, Martin Smalbrugge, Willianne van Diest, Rosie Essery, Lucy Yardley, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Otto R Maarsingh
INTRODUCTION: Dizziness is a common symptom in general practice with a high prevalence among older adults. The most common cause of dizziness in general practice is peripheral vestibular disease. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a safe and effective treatment for peripheral vestibular disease that entails specific exercises to maximise the central nervous system compensation for the effects of vestibular pathology. An internet-based VR intervention has recently been shown to be safe and effective...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110284/injuries-caused-by-pets-in-asian-urban-households-a-cross-sectional-telephone-survey
#6
Emily Y Y Chan, Yang Gao, Liping Li, Po Yi Lee
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about pet-related injuries in Asian populations. This study primarily aimed to investigate the incidence rate of pet-related household injuries in Hong Kong, an urban Chinese setting. SETTING: Cantonese-speaking non-institutionalised population of all ages in Hong Kong accessible by telephone land-line. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 43 542 telephone numbers were dialled and 6570 residents successfully completed the interviews...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110266/dioecy-in-amborella-trichopoda-evidence-for-genetically-based-sex-determination-and-its-consequences-for-inferences-of-the-breeding-system-in-early-angiosperms
#7
Nicolas Anger, Bruno Fogliani, Charles P Scutt, Gildas Gâteblé
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This work aimed to gain insight into the breeding system at the base of living angiosperms through both character state reconstructions and the study of sex ratios and phenotypes in the likely sister to all other living angiosperms, Amborella trichopoda METHODS: Sex phenotypes were mapped onto a phylogeny of basally diverging angiosperms using maximum parsimony. In parallel, sex ratios and phenotypes were studied over two consecutive flowering seasons in an ex situ population of A...
January 20, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110238/pre-pregnancy-weight-change-and-incidence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-finding-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Akilew Awoke Adane, Leigh R Tooth, Gita D Mishra
AIMS: In a population-based cohort study we examined the associations between early adult pre-pregnancy weight change and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: The study included 3111 women from the 1973-78 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. These women have been surveyed regularly since 1996. Women without diabetes and GDM were followed-up between 2003 and 2012. Generalized estimating equations were used to assess the effect of baseline (1996, mean age 20years) and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and the pre-pregnancy weight changes on the incidence of GDM...
January 11, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110151/selection-of-an-optimal-set-of-biomarkers-and-comparative-analyses-of-biological-age-estimation-models-in-korean-females
#9
Haemi Jee, Jaehyun Park
To date, an optimal working model which predicts biological age (BA) with a set of working biomarkers has not been devised to represent the Korean female population. Accuracy of prediction and applicability are required of an optimal set of commonly assessed biomarkers to provide information on the health status. The goal of this study was to identify a set of biomarkers that represent the aging process and to develop and compare different BA prediction models to elucidate the most fitting and applicable model for providing information on health status in the Korean female population...
January 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110143/non-denitrifying-polyphosphate-accumulating-organisms-obviate-requirement-for-anaerobic-condition
#10
A Anisa Cokro, Yingyu Law, Rohan B H Williams, Yeshi Cao, Per H Nielsen, Stefan Wuertz
Enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) is a widely used process in wastewater treatment that requires anaerobic/aerobic or anaerobic/anoxic cycling. Surprisingly, phosphorus (P) release was observed in the presence of nitrate in the anoxic compartment of the activated sludge tank in a full-scale treatment plant with the Modified Ludzack Ettinger configuration. We therefore studied the potential of this full-scale activated sludge community to perform EBPR under anoxic/aerobic cycling. The polyphosphate accumulating organism (PAO) Candidatus Accumulibacter represented 3...
January 3, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110109/transitions-and-turning-points-revisited-a-replication-to-explore-child-maltreatment-and-youth-offending-links-within-and-across-australian-cohorts
#11
Emily Hurren, Anna Stewart, Susan Dennison
In this study we examined the consistency of life-course child maltreatment trajectories and youth offending links across birth cohorts. In so doing we demonstrated the value of replication studies for maltreatment research. We applied the methodology of Stewart et al. (2008) and linked population-based (1990 birth cohort) child protection and youth justice administrative data from Queensland, Australia. We performed a group based trajectory analysis to identify distinct maltreatment trajectory groups distinguishable by maltreatment timing and frequency across the life-course...
January 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110108/boys-are-not-exempt-sexual-exploitation-of-adolescents-in-sub-saharan-africa
#12
Jones K Adjei, Elizabeth M Saewyc
Research on youth sexual exploitation in Africa has largely neglected the experiences of exploited boys. To date, much of the research in sub-Saharan Africa continues to consider boys mainly as exploiters but not as exploited. Using the only publicly available population-based surveys from the National Survey of Adolescents, conducted in four sub-Saharan African countries - Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi, and Uganda-we assessed factors associated with transactional sexual behaviour among never-married adolescent boys and girls...
January 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110067/poly-glycerol-sebacate-elastomer-supports-bone-regeneration-by-its-mechanical-properties-being-closer-to-osteoid-tissue-rather-than-to-mature-bone
#13
S H Zaky, K W Lee, J Gao, A Jensen, K Verdelis, Y Wang, A J Almarza, C Sfeir
: Mechanical load influences bone structure and mass. Arguing the importance of load-transduction, we investigated the mechanisms inducing bone formation using an elastomeric substrate. We characterized Poly (glycerol sebacate) (PGS) in-vitro for its mechanical properties, compatibility with osteoprogenitor cells regarding adhesion, proliferation, differentiation under compression versus static cultures and in-vivo for the regeneration of a rabbit ulna critical size defect. The load-transducing properties of PGS were compared in-vitro to a stiffer poly lactic-co- glycolic-acid (PLA/PGA) scaffold of similar porosity and interconnectivity...
January 18, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110051/reliability-of-self-reported-recent-antibiotic-use-among-the-general-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Béatrice Demore, Diane Le Govic, Nathalie Thilly, Jean-Marc Boivin, Céline Pulcini
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the reliability of self-reported recent antibiotic use, including ability to name the antibiotic, among pharmacy customers from the general population. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study of adults took place in pharmacies in northeastern France from January to April 2016. Participants were asked if they had used any antibiotics in the preceding four months and if so, to name them. Their reports were compared with an electronic pharmacy dispensing record listing all of the medication dispensed to them in France...
January 18, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109995/impact-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-duration-on-neurologically-favourable-outcome-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-population-based-study-in-japan
#15
Tasuku Matsuyama, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Kosuke Kiyohara, Chika Nishiyama, Tatsuya Nishiuchi, Yasuyuki Hayashi, Takashi Kawamura, Bon Ohta, Taku Iwami
BACKGROUND: The optimal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) duration for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains unclear. We aimed to assess the association between CPR duration and outcome after OHCA. METHODS: This prospective, population-based observational study conducted in Osaka, Japan enrolled 6,981 adult patients with non-traumatic witnessed OHCA who achieved return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) from January 2005 through December 2012...
January 18, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109988/epilepsy-and-restless-legs-syndrome
#16
James D Geyer, Emery E Geyer, Zachary Fetterman, Paul R Carney
OBJECTIVE: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological movement disorder occurring in approximately 10% of the general population. The prevalence of moderately severe RLS is 2.7% overall (3.7% for women and 1.7% for men). Epilepsy is also a common neurological disorder with significant associated morbidity and impact on quality of life. We evaluated the severity and frequency of primary RLS in patients with localization-related temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and investigated the role of prodromal RLS symptoms as a warning sign and lateralizing indicator...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109762/higher-modified-charlson-index-scores-are-associated-with-increased-incidence-of-complications-transfusion-events-and-length-of-stay-following-revision-hip-arthroplasty
#17
Nikita Lakomkin, Vadim Goz, Claudette M Lajam, Richard Iorio, Joseph A Bosco
BACKGROUND: Revision total hip arthroplasty (RHA) has been associated with greater morbidity and length of stay (LOS) compared to primary total hip arthroplasty. Despite this, few validated metrics exist for risk stratification in RHA cohorts. The Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) has been associated with complications in total hip arthroplasty, but its utility in revision surgery remains unexplored. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between preoperative CCI and a variety of outcome metrics following RHA...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109725/6q12-and-11p14-variants-are-associated-with-postnatal-exhaled-nitric-oxide-and-respiratory-symptoms
#18
Oliver Fuchs, Olga Gorlanova, Philipp Latzin, Anne Schmidt, Maximilian Schieck, Antoaneta A Toncheva, Sven Michel, Vincent D Gaertner, Michael Kabesch, Urs Frey
BACKGROUND: Exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) is a biomarker of airway inflammation and seems to precede respiratory symptoms, such as asthma in childhood. Identifying genetic determinants of postnatal eNO may aid in unraveling the role of eNO in epithelial function or airway inflammation and disease. OBJECTIVE: To identify genetic determinants of early postnatal eNO and subsequent respiratory symptoms during the first year of life. METHODS: Within a population-based birth cohort, eNO was measured in healthy term infants aged 5 weeks during quiet tidal breathing in unsedated sleep...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109722/sleep-insomnia-and-hypertension-current-findings-and-future-directions
#19
REVIEW
S Justin Thomas, David Calhoun
Blood pressure (BP) varies over 24 hours. During normal sleep, BP typically decreases by 10% or more. Research suggests that disordered sleep, particularly sleep deprivation and obstructive sleep apnea, is associated with increased BP and risk of hypertension. Less is known about the relationship between insomnia and hypertension. Population-based studies have reported an association between insomnia symptoms and both prevalent and incident hypertension, particularly in the context of short sleep duration...
December 29, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109691/erectile-dysfunction-in-male-adults-with-atopic-dermatitis-and-psoriasis
#20
Alexander Egeberg, Peter R Hansen, Gunnar H Gislason, Lone Skov, Jacob P Thyssen
INTRODUCTION: Patients with psoriasis have increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but data on atopic dermatitis (AD) are less clear-cut. However, it is well-established that erectile dysfunction (ED) can serve as a risk marker for coronary disease. AIM: To investigate the incidence, prevalence, and risk of ED in men with psoriasis and AD. METHODS: The sample included all Danish men at least 30 years old. In patients with AD and psoriasis, we determined disease severity based on use of systemic therapy...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
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