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Ultrasound newborn

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644236/cyp1b1-cytopathy-uncommon-phenotype-of-a-homozygous-cyp1b1-deletion-as-internal-corneal-ulcer-of-von-hippel
#1
Valeria Oliva-Biénzobas, Alejandro Navas, Mirena C Astiazarán, Oscar Francisco Chacón-Camacho, Jose A Bermúdez-Magner, Mariana Takane, Enrique Graue-Hernández, Juan Carlos Zenteno
PURPOSE: To report a mutation of CYP1B1 in a newborn with a rare phenotype without the classic features of anterior segment dysgenesis or congenital glaucoma. METHODS: The newborn presented with diffuse corneal edema and bilaterally elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). Ophthalmological examination, ultrasound, and ultrasound biomicroscopy were performed; congenital infections were ruled out. Genetic analysis was performed. The patient underwent penetrating keratoplasty and goniotomy in a single surgical time...
June 21, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638108/pregnancy-outcomes-in-nulliparous-women-after-ultrasound-ablation-of-uterine-fibroids-a-single-central-retrospective-study
#2
Jun Shu Li, Yong Wang, Jin Yun Chen, Wen Zhi Chen
To explore the impact of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation of uterine fibroids in nulliparous women on subsequent pregnancy and delivery. A retrospective analysis was conducted of nulliparous women who received HIFU treatment at Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing,China, from January 1, 2010, to January 1, 2015. A total of 189 cases were enrolled, the median follow-up time was three years. Among them,there were 131 cases pregnancy with a total of 133 times,the pregnancy rate was 69.3% (131/189),and the spontaneous conception rate was 95...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637056/-urosepsis-in-children
#3
Josef Oswald
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common infectious diseases in children. Urosepsis in childhood, though rare, is the most complicated possible variant. In newborns and infants, unspecific symptoms are a significant barrier to a fast and reliable diagnosis, which is crucial to successful treatment. In addition to urine and laboratory tests as well as non-invasive examinations (ultrasound), there may be an indication for invasive examinations of the kidneys (DMSA scans) in cases of a severe infection...
June 21, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631075/measurement-and-evaluation-of-fetal-fat-layer-in-the-prediction-of-fetal-macrosomia-in-pregnancies-complicated-by-gestational-diabetes
#4
Mohamed Elessawy, Christina Harders, Helmut Kleinwechter, Norbert Demandt, Ghada Abu Sheasha, Nicolai Maass, Ulrich Pecks, Christel Eckmann-Scholz
OBJECTIVES: To explore the predictive power of measuring the abdominal fetal fat layer (FFL) as a soft tissue marker at 31, 34, and 37 weeks' gestation to improve the detection of fetal macrosomia in pregnant women with GDM, in addition to the biometric values with close monitoring of maternal blood sugar level and BMI changes. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study at the Department of Obstetrics, University Hospitals, Campus Kiel, Germany, in collaboration with diabetic clinic staff...
June 19, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618098/pre-labor-fetal-cardiac-function-and-its-relationship-with-intrapartum-fetal-compromise-and-neonatal-status-at-term
#5
Amal A Alsolai, Larissa N Bligh, Ristan M Greer, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively investigate the relationship between fetal cardiac function and Doppler parameters with intrapartum fetal compromise (IFC) in term appropriately grown fetuses prior to labour. Secondary outcomes were to correlate prenatal cardiac function with neonatal acid base status, intrapartum fetal heart rate abnormalities adverse neonatal outcomes. METHODS: This was a blinded, prospective, observational, cohort study, at the Mater Mother's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia...
June 15, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603918/cftr-france-a-national-relational-patient-database-for-sharing-genetic-and-phenotypic-data-associated-with-rare-cftr-variants-a
#6
Mireille Claustres, Corinne Theze, Marie des Georges, David Baux, Emmanuelle Girodon, Thierry Bienvenu, Marie-Pierre Audrezet, Ingrid Dugueperoux, Claude Ferec, Guy Lalau, Adrien Pagin, Alain Kitzis, Vincent Thoreau, Véronique Gaston, Eric Bieth, Marie-Claire Malinge, Marie-Pierre Reboul, Patricia Fergelot, Lydie Lemonnier, Chadia Mekki, Pascale Fanen, Anne Bergougnoux, Souphatta Sasorith, Caroline Raynal, Corinne Bareil
Most of 2,000 variants identified in the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator) gene are rare or private. Their interpretation is hampered by the lack of available data and resources, making patient care and genetic counseling challenging. We developed a patient-based database dedicated to the annotations of rare CFTR variants in the context of their cis- and trans-allelic combinations. Based on almost 30 years' experience of CFTR testing, CFTR-France (https://cftr.iurc.montp.inserm.fr/cftr) currently compiles 16,819 variant records from 4,615 individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) or CFTR-RD (related disorders), fetuses with ultrasound bowel anomalies, newborns awaiting clinical diagnosis and asymptomatic compound heterozygotes...
June 12, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602654/the-human-fetus-preferentially-engages-with-face-like-visual-stimuli
#7
Vincent M Reid, Kirsty Dunn, Robert J Young, Johnson Amu, Tim Donovan, Nadja Reissland
In the third trimester of pregnancy, the human fetus has the capacity to process perceptual information [1-3]. With advances in 4D ultrasound technology, detailed assessment of fetal behavior [4] is now possible. Furthermore, modeling of intrauterine conditions has indicated a substantially greater luminance within the uterus than previously thought [5]. Consequently, light conveying perceptual content could be projected through the uterine wall and perceived by the fetus, dependent on how light interfaces with maternal tissue...
June 19, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578511/cranial-ultrasound-is-a-reliable-first-step-imaging-in-children-with-suspected-craniosynostosis
#8
L Pogliani, G V Zuccotti, M Furlanetto, V Giudici, A Erbetta, L Chiapparini, L Valentini
PURPOSE: Skull radiography (SR) and Computed Tomography (CT) are still proposed as the first-line imaging choice for the diagnosis of craniosynostosis (CS) in children with abnormal head shape, but both techniques expose infants to ionizing radiation. Several studies shown that ultrasound may play an important role in the diagnosis of craniosynostosis. The aim of our study is to assess the diagnostic accuracy of cranial ultrasound scan (CUS) and confirm if it is a reliable first step imaging evaluation for the diagnosis of craniosynostosis in newborn...
June 3, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571730/serum-neuronal-biomarkers-in-neonates-with-congenital-heart-disease-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#9
Erin Trakas, Yuliya Domnina, Ashok Panigrahy, Tracy Baust, Patrick M Callahan, Victor O Morell, Ricardo Munoz, Michael J Bell, Joan Sanchez-de-Toledo
BACKGROUND: Newborns with congenital heart disease have associated brain damage that affects short-and long-term neurodevelopment. Several neuronal biomarkers exist that could predict brain damage. We investigated the pattern of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and s100B levels after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery in neonates with congenital heart disease. METHODS: We completed a prospective observational study of neonates with congenital heart disease who were undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery...
July 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561226/neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke-a-hospital-based-active-surveillance-study-in-germany
#10
Mathias Klemme, Lucia Gerstl, Raphael Weinberger, Martin Olivieri, Andreas Flemmer, Rüdiger von Kries, Ursula Felderhoff-Müser, Mark Dzietko
Background Neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS) accounts for substantial long term sequelae in children. The potential effectiveness of neuroprotective therapies needs to be evaluated in appropriate studies with sufficient power. Objective To identify annual number of NAIS cases in Germany potentially eligible for randomized interventional trials. Methods Active surveillance for NAIS in 345 pediatric hospitals with questionnaire based validation of reported cases. Results Incidence of NAIS (7.1/100000 births) was in the range of other population-based studies...
May 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555949/end-to-side-anastomosis-of-the-left-ventral-colon-to-the-small-colon-in-a-neonatal-foal-with-segmental-agenesis-of-the-large-colon
#11
S Biasutti, A J Dart, C M Dart, E Uquillas, L B Jeffcott
CASE REPORT: A newborn foal was referred for evaluation because it had not passed meconium, despite the administration of four enemas. Abdominal radiographs and ultrasound scans showed generalised gaseous distension of the intestine and there was no observable meconium in the colon. Positive contrast colography showed contrast medium extending to the transverse colon. An exploratory laparotomy confirmed the absence of the left and right dorsal colon and the pelvic and diaphragmatic flexures...
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552750/-does-customized-weight-curves-improve-prenatal-diagnosis-of-fetuses-small-for-gestational-age-in-a-high-risk-population
#12
A Lerebours, R Callec, E Lauria, O Morel
OBJECTIVES: To assess the accuracy of customized growth charts for the ultrasound antenatal diagnostic of fetus small for gestational age in a high-risk population of preterm. METHODS: All premature infants born in a French university maternity center for a year and classified as small for gestational age at birth by using customized growth charts developed by Ego et al. were included in this retrospective study. At the ultrasound performed closest to the term, customized growth charts and population growth curves were compared for the antenatal diagnosis of a premature infants group classified small for gestational age in post-natal by customized growth charts and more at risk of perinatal complications...
May 25, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551690/neonatal-gartner-duct-cyst-two-case-reports-and-literature-review
#13
Charu Tiwari, Hemanshi Shah, Jayesh Desale, Mukta Waghmare
Vaginal cysts are rare, particularly in the newborn. They usually present as one of these three entities in the newborn: paraurethral cysts (Skene duct cysts), Gartner duct cysts (mesonephric ductal remnants) or a covered ectopic ureter. Abdominal ultrasound should always be included in the clinical evaluation in search of renal anomalies. We report two cases of Gartner cysts in neonates.
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551689/perinatal-mortality-and-morbidity-of-growth-restricted-fetuses-and-newborns-own-experience-first-report
#14
Katarzyna Pankiewicz, Tomasz Maciejewski
AIM: to evaluate the outcome of pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction with particular emphasis on the factors (fetal and maternal) related to perinatal mortality and morbidity of the fetus and newborn. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the documentation of 53 women admitted with the diagnosis of fetal growth restriction based on ultrasound examination (fetal biometry and fetal vessel Doppler abnormalities). 38 (71.7%) patients were referred to our department with the diagnosis of fetal growth restriction, whereas 15 (28...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549057/both-antenatal-and-postnatal-inflammation-contribute-information-about-the-risk-of-brain-damage-in-extremely-preterm-newborns
#15
Diana Yanni, Steven Korzeniewski, Elizabeth N Allred, Raina N Fichorova, T Michael O'Shea, Karl Kuban, Olaf Dammann, Alan Leviton
BACKGROUNDPreterm newborns exposed to intrauterine inflammation are at increased risk of neurodevelopmental disorders. We hypothesized that adverse outcomes are more strongly associated with a combination of antenatal and postnatal inflammation than with either of them alone.METHODSWe defined antenatal inflammation as histologic inflammation in the placenta. We measured the concentrations of seven inflammation-related proteins in blood obtained on postnatal days 1, 7, and 14 from 763 infants born before 28 weeks of gestation...
May 26, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544620/phenotyping-cardiac-and-structural-birth-defects-in-fetal-and-newborn-mice
#16
REVIEW
Xiaoqin Liu, Andrew J Kim, William Reynolds, Yijen Wu, Cecilia W Lo
Mouse models are invaluable for investigating the developmental etiology and molecular pathogenesis of structural birth defects. While this has been deployed for studying a wide spectrum of birth defects, mice are particularly valuable for modeling congenital heart disease, given they have the same four-chamber cardiac anatomy as in humans. We have developed the use of noninvasive fetal ultrasound together with micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) imaging for high throughput phenotyping of mice for congenital heart defects (CHD) and other developmental anomalies...
May 22, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527270/-effect-of-antenatal-spiramycin-treatment-on-the-frequency-of-retinochoroiditis-due-to-congenital-toxoplasmosis-in-a-colombian-cohort
#17
Liliana María Zuluaga, John Camilo Hernández, Carlos Felipe Castaño, Jorge Hernando Donado
INTRODUCTION: Gestational toxoplasmosis is frequent and severe. There is still debate about the benefits of treatment against ocular manifestations in the newborn. Spiramycin treatment is used for this purpose, unfortunately prenatal diagnosis is sometimes delayed and pregnant women are not treated. OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between treatment with spiramycin during pregnancy in mothers with gestational toxoplasmosis and development of ocular toxoplasmosis in newborns...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524786/variation-in-management-of-in-hospital-newborn-falls-a-single-center-experience
#18
Doron J Kahn, Paul D Fisher, Dean A Hertzler
OBJECTIVE There are only 3 small case series in the literature that report on the management of in-hospital newborn falls (NFs), and recommendations are unclear. The authors performed a retrospective review to determine outcome and differences in management and to understand why management of NFs varies at their institution. METHODS All NFs occurring within the authors' institution over a 3.5-year period were reviewed. Post-fall management and outcomes of each incident were compared. RESULTS There were 24 NFs out of 40,349 deliveries (5...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508616/ultrasound-elastography-in-pediatric-congenital-hypothyroid-patients
#19
Mehmet Akif Sarıca, Tahir Dalkıran, Mehmet Sait Menzilcioğlu, Mahmut Duymuş, Nursel Yurttutan
OBJECTIVES: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is most frequently encountered in newborns as an endocrine disorder characterized by thyroid hormone deficiency, and is one of the most common reasons for preventable mental retardation. This prospective study was designed to detect the pediatric occurrences of CH followed as euthyroid, with no anomalies detected via US on the gray scale, in comparison with a pediatric group with normal levels. METHODS: A total of 42 apparently healthy children with no thyroid disorder (Group 1) and 54 euthyroid CH (Group 2) using thyroid hormone were included in this study...
September 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508549/prenatal-prediction-of-postnatal-large-for-date-neonates-using-a-simplified-method-at-mr-imaging-comparison-with-conventional-2d-ultrasound-estimates
#20
Caroline Kadji, Mieke M Cannie, Ricardo De Angelis, Margaux Camus, Magdalena Klass, Stéphanie Fellas, Vera Cecotti, Vivien Dütemeyer, Jacques C Jani
PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of a simple method of estimating fetal weight (EFW) using MR imaging as compared with 2D US in the prediction of large-for-date neonates. MATERIALS & METHODS: Written informed consent was obtained for this EC-approved study. Between March 2011 and May 2016, 2 groups of women with singleton pregnancies were evaluated: women that underwent US-EFW and MR-EFW within 48 h before delivery and those undergoing these evaluations between 35 + 0 weeks and 37 + 6 weeks of gestation...
May 15, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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