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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137008/the-sonographic-features-of-neonatal-appendicitis-a-case-report
#1
Shu-Yu Si, Yi-Yi Guo, Jian-Feng Mu, Chao-Ying Yan
RATIONALE: Neonatal appendicitis is extremely rare, and preoperative diagnosis is challenging. This study aimed to investigate the utility of ultrasound for the diagnosis of neonatal appendicitis. PATIENT CONCERNS: Four cases of neonatal appendicitis were included in this case series. One was a female infant and the other 3 were male infants; they were aged from 10 to 17 days. DIAGNOSES: Neonatal appendicitis. INTERVENTIONS: Four newborns in our hospital were diagnosed with neonatal appendicitis by abdominal ultrasound...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132236/neuroimaging-findings-using-transfontanellar-ultrasound-in-newborns-with-microcephaly-and-zika-virus-infection-a-comment
#2
Sora Yasri, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130772/assessment-of-left-ventricular-function-using-the-myocardial-performance-index-in-term-fetuses-that-develop-intrapartum-compromise
#3
Amal A Alsolai, Larissa N Bligh, Ristan M Greer, Alexander Gooi, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the prelabour left ventricular myocardial Performance Index (LVMPI) and intrapartum fetal compromise (IFC) in low risk term pregnancies. METHODS: A blinded, prospective observational cohort study at the Mater Mother's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia. A cohort of 284 women with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies underwent fortnightly ultrasound from 36 weeks until delivery. The LVMPI was assessed by conventional Doppler ultrasound and correlated with intrapartum outcomes...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130077/study-of-the-factors-leading-to-fetal-and-neonatal-dysthyroidism-in-children-of-patients-with-graves-disease
#4
Maïa Banigé, Candice Estellat, Valerie Biran, Luc Desfrere, Valerie Champion, Alexandra Benachi, Yves Ville, Marc Dommergues, Pierre-Henri Jarreau, Mostafa Mokhtari, Claire Boithias, Frederic Brioude, Laurent Mandelbrot, Pierre-François Ceccaldi, Delphine Mitanchez, Michel Polak, Dominique Luton
Context: Neonatal hyperthyroidism was first described in 1912 and in 1964 was shown to be linked to transplacental passage of maternal antibodies. Few multicenter studies have described the perinatal factors leading to fetal and neonatal dysthyroidism. Objective: To show how fetal dysthyroidism (FD) and neonatal dysthyroidism (ND) can be predicted from perinatal variables, in particular, the levels of anti-thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRAbs) circulating in the mother and child...
June 2017: J Endocr Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125524/expectant-use-of-cic-in-newborns-with-spinal-dysraphism-report-of-clinical-outcomes
#5
Matthew D Timberlake, Adam J Kern, Richard Adams, Candice Walker, Bruce J Schlomer, Micah A Jacobs
PURPOSE: Report urologic outcomes among newborns with spinal dysraphism managed within an expectant clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) program. METHODS: Newborns were followed clinically and with serial ultrasound (US). Urodynamics (UD) and dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) renal scan were obtained at 3-6 months, 1 year, 3 years, then as needed. Patients with initial evaluation after 6 months were excluded. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 3...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104765/postnatal-gestational-age-estimation-using-newborn-screening-blood-spots-a-proposed-validation-protocol
#6
Malia S Q Murphy, Steven Hawken, Katherine M Atkinson, Jennifer Milburn, Jesmin Pervin, Courtney Gravett, Jeffrey S A Stringer, Anisur Rahman, Eve Lackritz, Pranesh Chakraborty, Kumanan Wilson
Background: Knowledge of gestational age (GA) is critical for guiding neonatal care and quantifying regional burdens of preterm birth. In settings where access to ultrasound dating is limited, postnatal estimates are frequently used despite the issues of accuracy associated with postnatal approaches. Newborn metabolic profiles are known to vary by severity of preterm birth. Recent work by our group and others has highlighted the accuracy of postnatal GA estimation algorithms derived from routinely collected newborn screening profiles...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095275/muscle-ultrasound-a-useful-tool-in-newborn-screening-for-infantile-onset-pompe-disease
#7
Hsuen-En Hwang, Ting-Rong Hsu, Yueh-Hui Lee, Hsin-Kai Wang, Hong-Jen Chiou, Dau-Ming Niu
Our study aimed to evaluate the utility of muscle ultrasound in newborn screening of infantile-onset Pompe disease (IOPD) and to establish a system of severity grading. We retrospectively selected 35 patients with initial low acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) activity and collected data including muscle ultrasound features, GAA gene mutation, activity/performance, and pathological and laboratory findings. The echogenicity of 6 muscles (the bilateral vastus intermedius, rectus femoris, and sartorius muscles) was compared to that of epimysium on ultrasound and rated either 1 (normal), 2 (mildly increased), or 3 (obviously increased)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095006/-influence-of-physical-exercise-during-pregnancy-on-newborn-weight-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Raquel Rodríguez-Blanque, Juan Carlos Sánchez-García, Antonio Manuel Sánchez-López, Norma Mur-Villar, Rafael Fernández-Castillo, María José Aguilar Cordero
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have proved that physical activity of the pregnant woman brings benefits not only for the mother but also for the fetus, given that it decreases the number of macrosomic newborns and their negative consequences in both of them. OBJECTIVE: To analyze in pregnant women the influence of a moderate physical activity program in the aquatic environment on the weight of the newborn. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A randomized clinical trial with 140 healthy pregnant women, aged between 21 and 43 years, divided into two groups, study (GE, n = 70) and control (GC, n = 70)...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094487/effectiveness-of-fetal-cardiac-screening-for-congenital-heart-disease-using-a-combination-of-the-four-chamber-view-and-three-vessel-view-during-the-second-trimester-scan
#9
Mina Itsukaichi, Takehiro Serikawa, Kosuke Yoshihara, Hiroshi Suzuki, Kazufumi Haino, Masayuki Yamaguchi, Takayuki Enomoto, Koichi Takakuwa
AIM: We aimed to assess the accuracy and effectiveness of fetal cardiac screening for congenital heart disease (CHD) during the second trimester by general obstetricians in a non-selected population. METHODS: In this multicenter, prospective cohort study of fetal cardiac screening, four-chamber and three-vessel views were recorded by obstetricians at 18-21 gestational weeks (GW). A total of 3005 fetuses that were scheduled for delivery at our institution were included...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090035/congenital-lobar-emphysema-in-infants
#10
Ioana Badiu, Anca Hiriscau, Iulia Lupan, Gabriel Samasca
Congenital lobar emphysema in infants is a disorder that is detected most often in newborns or young infants. We report here the case of a 4-month-old infant who at two months suddenly presented upper respiratory infections, treated symptomatically, but evolution showed shortness of breath, wheezing, weight deficit. Thoracic ultrasound revealed left upper lobe hyperinflation causing mediastinal displacement to the right, a slightly reduced blood supply at this level, and a lobar emphysema appearance. Bronchoscopy evidenced a thickening in the left bronchial tree, due to left upper lobe emphysema...
June 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080986/use-of-the-t%C3%A3-bingen-splint-for-the-initial-management-of-severely-dysplastic-and-unstable-hips-in-newborns-with-ddh-an-alternative-to-fettweis-plaster-and-pavlik-harness
#11
Hannes Kubo, Hakan Pilge, Kristina Weimann-Stahlschmidt, Karoline Stefanovska, Bettina Westhoff, Ruediger Krauspe
AIM: Hip dysplasia is one of the most common skeletal disorders. As a late consequence 20-25% of the patients are at risk to develop secondary osteoarthritis and may require total hip replacement early in life. The treatment principles of hip dislocation are (1) concentric reposition, (2) retention, i.e., plaster in human post or Pavlik harness and (3) maturation in abduction flexion orthesis. The Tübingen splint was introduced as a further development of abduction devices for the treatment of (residual) hip dysplasia with stable hips...
October 28, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075839/occult-spinal-dysraphisms-in-newborns-with-skin-markers-role-of-ultrasonography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#12
E Ausili, G Maresca, L Massimi, L Morgante, C Romagnoli, C Rendeli
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to investigate occult spinal dysraphisms (OSD) using lumbar ultrasonography (LUS) in newborns presenting with specific skin markers or sacrococcygeal dimple. METHOD: From 2012 to 2015, we performed LUS in newborns with cutaneous stigmata and/or sacroccygeal dimple. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in all patients with abnormal ultrasound or features of neurological involvement in order to detect spinal lesions...
October 27, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045850/comparison-of-conventional-2d-ultrasound-to-mr-imaging-for-prenatal-estimation-of-birth-weight-in-twin-pregnancy
#13
Caroline Kadji, Elisa Bevilacqua, Ivan Hurtado, Andrew Carlin, Mieke M Cannie, Jacques C Jani
BACKGROUND: During prenatal follow-up of twin pregnancies, accurate identification of birthweight and birthweight discordance is important in order to identify the high risk group and plan perinatal care. Unfortunately prenatal evaluation of birthweight discordance by 2-dimensional ultrasound (US) has been far from optimal. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively compare estimates of fetal weight based on 2-dimensional US (US-EFW) and MR imaging (MR-EFW) to actual birth weight in women carrying twin pregnancies...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045242/roles-of-the-microsurgeon-and-anesthesiologist-in-the-treatment-of-neonatal-upper-extremity-arterial-thrombosis-a-case-report
#14
Alexandra M Keane, Katherine B Santosa, Sonia M Shahrawat, Alison K Snyder-Warwick
We present a rare case of a newborn with spontaneous, noniatrogenic arterial thromboembolism in the right brachial artery and accompanying ischemic changes to the right upper extremity, who was successfully treated with microsurgical intervention and ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block with a continuous infusion of ropivacaine for 48 hours. This case report highlights the emerging role of both the microsurgeon and anesthesiologist in management of spontaneous neonatal arterial thromboembolism...
October 17, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039883/volume-targeted-versus-pressure-limited-ventilation-in-neonates
#15
REVIEW
Claus Klingenberg, Kevin I Wheeler, Naomi McCallion, Colin J Morley, Peter G Davis
BACKGROUND: Damage caused by lung overdistension (volutrauma) has been implicated in the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Modern neonatal ventilation modes can target a set tidal volume as an alternative to traditional pressure-limited ventilation (PLV) using a fixed inflation pressure. Volume-targeted ventilation (VTV) aims to produce a more stable tidal volume in order to reduce lung damage and stabilise the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2). OBJECTIVES: To determine whether VTV compared with PLV leads to reduced rates of death and death or BPD in newborn infants and to determine whether use of VTV affected outcomes including air leak, cranial ultrasound findings and neurodevelopment...
October 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030170/in-utero-negativization-of-zika-virus-in-a-case-with-serious-central-nervous-system-abnormalities
#16
Carlota Rodó, Anna Suy, Elena Sulleiro, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Andrés Antón, Itziar García, Silvia Arévalo, Élida Vázquez, Ana Vázquez, Fernando de Ory, M Paz Sánchez-Seco, Carlos Rodrigo, Tomás Pumarola, Elena Carreras
OBJECTIVES: To describe a case of a pregnant woman with Zika virus infection and severe fetal brain malformations. METHODS: Serial ultrasound measurements, fetal magnetic resonance imaging results, laboratory and amniocentesis results, and perinatal outcomes of the pregnant woman and her neonate are reported. RESULTS: Zika virus tested positive in amniotic fluid at 19 weeks while being negative at delivery. The newborn did not meet the case definition of congenital Zika virus syndrome because neither the Zika virus RNA nor immunoglobulin M antibodies were detected; however, prenatal brain lesions were confirmed after birth...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025854/how-to-use%C3%A2-hip-examination-and-ultrasound-in-newborns
#17
Yoshua Colyn Collins-Sawaragi, Kapila Jain
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) ranges from a clinically detectable dislocation of the hip to radiologically diagnosed hip abnormalities. It is caused by both antenatal and postnatal factors. The Neonatal and Infant Physical Examination Screening Programme recommends that newborns should undergo a hip ultrasound (USS) when risk factor or clinical features suggestive of DDH are present. The aim of hip ultrasonography is to detect DDH early and prevent late complications through early treatment. Here, we discuss how to use hip examination and USS in newborns...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024213/the-newborn-rat-gastric-emptying-rate-is-volume-and-not-developmentally-dependent
#18
C H F Ferreira, Y Shifrin, J Pan, J Ivanovska, P J McNamara, J Belik
BACKGROUND: Gastric residuals are a common finding in enterally fed preterm neonates and traditionally thought to reflect immaturity-related delayed gastric emptying. Adult human data suggest that the meal volume regulate the gastric emptying rate, but early in life, this has not been adequately evaluated. The goal of this study was to study the rat postnatal changes in gastric emptying rate and the strain-induced effect on muscle contraction. We hypothesized that the stomach content volume and not developmental factors determines the newborn gastric emptying rate, via the Rho-kinase 2 (ROCK-2) pathway...
October 11, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021168/functional-ultrasound-imaging-of-brain-activity-in-human-newborns
#19
Charlie Demene, Jérome Baranger, Miguel Bernal, Catherine Delanoe, Stéphane Auvin, Valérie Biran, Marianne Alison, Jérome Mairesse, Elisabeth Harribaud, Mathieu Pernot, Mickael Tanter, Olivier Baud
Functional neuroimaging modalities are crucial for understanding brain function, but their clinical use is challenging. Recently, the use of ultrasonic plane waves transmitted at ultrafast frame rates was shown to allow for the spatiotemporal identification of brain activation through neurovascular coupling in rodents. Using a customized flexible and noninvasive headmount, we demonstrate in human neonates that real-time functional ultrasound imaging (fUSI) is feasible by combining simultaneous continuous video-electroencephalography (EEG) recording and ultrafast Doppler (UfD) imaging of the brain microvasculature...
October 11, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974507/isolated-ascites-in-a-newborn-with-apple-peel-jejunal-atresia
#20
Otilia Osmulikevici, Elizabeth Renji, Bruce Jaffray, Nicholas Embleton
Isolated fetal ascites was diagnosed at 20 weeks in a primiparous woman with no significant medical history. Progressive fetal ascites worsened after 28 weeks and resulted in fetal hydroceles. Delivery was by caesarian section at 33 weeks, preceded by reduction of fetal ascites under ultrasound guidance. Following delivery, the baby required further reduction of abdominal fluid and endotracheal intubation to provide respiratory support. An extensive set of investigations, including metabolic and genetic screening, was performed; all results were negative...
October 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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