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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099981/use-of-esophageal-hemoximetry-to-assess-the-effect-of-packed-red-blood-cell-transfusion-on-gastrointestinal-oxygenation-in-newborn-infants
#1
Farha M Vora, Judy Gates, Kimberley Gerard, Shawn Hanson, Richard L Applegate, Arlin B Blood
Objectives There are no widely accepted methods of continuously monitoring gut oxygenation in the newborn during packed red blood cell transfusion. We investigated the use of an orally inserted light spectroscopy probe to measure lower esophageal oxyhemoglobin saturations (eStO2) before, during, and after transfusion and made comparisons with abdominal near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) flow. Study Design Thirteen neonates with corrected gestational ages ranging from 22 weeks, 0 day to 37 weeks, 5 days were enrolled...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079045/hernia-of-the-umbilical-cord-associated-with-a-patent-omphalomesenteric-duct
#2
M Raicevic, I Filipovic, S Sindjic-Antunovic
Congenital hernia of the cord is a different type of ventral abdominal wall defect in which the bowel usually herniates into the base of normally inserted umbilical cord through a patent umbilical ring. It is rare congenital anomaly with incidence of 1 in 5000. Although it was described as a distinct entity since 1920s it is often misdiagnosed as a small omphalocele. We present an unusal case of term male newborn with umbilical cord hernia associated with patent omphalomesenteric duct. The diagnose was made after birth despite antenatal ultrasound scans and it is managed successfully with uneventful recovery...
January 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072959/-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-hemorrhage-of-the-newborn-infants-using-lung-ultrasonography
#3
J Liu, W Fu, S W Chen, Y Wang
Objective: To investigate the accuracy and reliability of lung ultrasound in diagnosis of pulmonary hemorrhage of the newborn infants. Method: From January 2014 to May 2016, 142 neonates from the Army General Hospital of the Chinese PLA were enrolled in the study. They were divided into two groups: a study group of 42 neonates, who were diagnosed with pulmonary hemorrhage according to their medical history, clinical manifestations and chest X-ray findings, and a control group of 100 neonates with no lung disease...
January 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060137/infants-with-congenital-zika-syndrome-and-ocular-findings-from-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-spread-of-infection
#4
João Rafael de Oliveira Dias, Camila V Ventura, Paula Delegrego Borba, Bruno de Paula Freitas, Ligia Camera Pierroti, Ana Patricia do Nascimento, Nilva Simeren Bueno de Moraes, Maurício Maia, Rubens Belfort
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To describe the ocular findings of two infants with congenital Zika syndrome born in São Paulo state, Brazil, outside the primary outbreak region. METHODS: Two female infants with congenital Zika syndrome were submitted to a complete screening for infectious diseases, as well as ocular examination, fundus photography, and optical coherence tomography of the retina. One of the infants was submitted to ocular ultrasound. RESULTS: Both children showed positive serology for Zika virus, and other infectious diseases were ruled out...
January 2, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051043/experience-with-neonatal-hydrometrocolpos-in-the-niger-delta-area-of-nigeria-upsurge-or-increased-recognition
#5
Philemon Ekemenye Okoro, C Obiorah, C E Enyindah
BACKGROUND: Hydrometrocolpos (HMC) is a clinical condition in which there is a cystic distension of the vagina (hydrocolpos), uterus and sometimes, fallopian tubes (hydrosalpinx) with fluid. This study described our experience with cases of HMC seen in our practice, and highlighted the flare in our practice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of cases of HMC managed at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital between September 2010 and August 2012...
October 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043739/canadian-cardiovascular-society-canadian-pediatric-cardiology-association-position-statement-on-pulse-oximetry-screening-in-newborns-to-enhance-detection-of-critical-congenital-heart-disease
#6
Kenny K Wong, Anne Fournier, Deborah S Fruitman, Lisa Graves, Derek G Human, Michael Narvey, Jennifer L Russell
Congenital heart disease is the most common congenital malformation and approximately 3 in 1000 newborns have critical congenital heart disease (CCHD). Timely diagnosis affects morbidity, mortality, and disability, and newborn pulse oximetry screening has been studied to enhance detection of CCHD. In this position statement we present an evaluation of the literature for pulse oximetry screening. Current detection strategies including prenatal ultrasound examination and newborn physical examination are limited by low diagnostic sensitivity...
October 26, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024912/early-diagnosis-and-outcome-prediction-of-neonatal-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-with-color-doppler-ultrasound
#7
B Guan, C Dai, Y Zhang, L Zhu, X He, N Wang, H Liu
PURPOSE: To describe the ultrasound presentation of the brain and cerebral hemodynamics in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) by comparison with control subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During June 2012 to April 2013, full term neonates who had clinical evidence of HIE were enrolled. Healthy newborns without HIE were used as a control group. Cerebral parenchyma, size of lateral ventricles and hemodynamic parameters of cerebral arteries were studied using two-dimensional duplex and color Doppler ultrasound...
December 23, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024877/neonatal-ovarian-cysts-ultrasound-assessment-and-differential-diagnosis
#8
R Llorens Salvador, C Sangüesa Nebot, A Pacheco Usmayo, S Picó Aliaga, E Garcés Iñigo
Ovarian cysts are the most common abdominal cysts in female fetuses and newborn girls. Ultrasonography is the imaging technique of choice for diagnosing ovarian cysts because it makes it possible to differentiate them from other cystic lesions. Although most neonatal ovarian cysts regress in the first few months after birth, complications can occur during gestation or after birth. The manifestations of ovarian cysts on ultrasonography will depend on the complications. The management is controversial, although the current trend favors watchful waiting...
December 23, 2016: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994302/modern-strategy-for-identification-of-congenital-heart-defects-in-the-neonatal-period
#9
Mediha Kardasevic, Ida Jovanovic, Jelica Predojevic Samardzic
INTRODUCTION: Congenital heart defects are the most common congenital anomalies and occur with an incidence from 0.8 to 1% per 1000 live births. In recent years, the pulse oximetry has become a strong candidate for detecting cyanogen congenital heart defects and in combination with routine clinical exam can improve diagnostic of congenital heart diseases. OBJECTIVE: To apply the modern algorithm for early detection of congenital heart defects in order to improve the diagnosis in the neonatal period...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986675/prediction-of-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-high-risk-pregnant-women
#10
Kenji Tanimura, Shinya Tairaku, Yasuhiko Ebina, Ichiro Morioka, Satoshi Nagamata, Kana Deguchi, Mayumi Morizane, Masashi Deguchi, Toshio Minematsu, Hideto Yamada
BACKGROUND: This prospective study aimed to determine maternal clinical, laboratory, and ultrasound findings that effectively predict the occurrence of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection (CCI) in high-risk pregnant women. METHODS: Three hundred CMV immunoglobulin (Ig) M-positive pregnant women were enrolled. The maternal clinical and laboratory findings, including serum CMV IgM and IgG; IgG avidity index (AI); antigenemia assay (C7-HRP); polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection of CMV-DNA in the maternal serum, urine, and uterine cervical secretion; and prenatal ultrasound findings, were evaluated...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965957/22q11-deletion-syndrome-and-urogenital-manifestations-a-clinicopathological-case-report
#11
M Vachette, G E Grant, J Bouquet de la Joliniere, M Jotterand, N Ben Ali, A Feki, R Capoccia Brugger
BACKGROUND: Deletion in the chromosomal region 22q11 results from the abnormal development of the third and fourth pharyngeal pouches during embryonic life and presents an expansive phenotype with more than 180 clinical features described that involve every organ and system. HISTORY AND SIGNS: A 23-year-old African woman presented for the first trimester echography, which revealed an isolated anechoic structure suggesting a ureteral dilatation. The suspicion of a malposition of great arteries in the second trimester indicated an amniocentesis leading to a diagnosis of 22q11 deletion...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933707/re-ultrasound-based-gestational-age-estimation-in-late-pregnancy-a-t-papageorghiou-b-kemp-w-stones-e-o-ohuma-s-h-kennedy-m-purwar-l-j-salomon-d-g-altman-j-a-noble-e-bertino-m-g-gravett-r-pang-l-cheikh-ismail-f-c-barros-a-lambert-y-a-jaffer-c-g-victora-z-a-bhutta
#12
COMMENT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916713/prognostic-value-of-ultrasound-grading-systems-in-prenatally-diagnosed-unilateral-urinary-tract-dilatation
#13
Aurélien Scalabre, Delphine Demède, Ségolène Gaillard, Jean-Pierre Pracros, Pierre Mouriquand, Pierre-Yves Mure
PURPOSE: We compared the prognostic value of anteroposterior intrasinus diameter of the renal pelvis, urinary tract dilatation and the Society for Fetal Urology grading system in children with prenatally diagnosed unilateral urinary tract dilatation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All newborns with prenatally diagnosed unilateral urinary tract dilatation, normal bladder and anteroposterior intrasinus diameter 10 mm or greater on the first postnatal ultrasonography were prospectively enrolled from January 2011 to February 2015...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916069/-pregnancy-outcomes-and-symptom-improvement-of-patients-with-adenomyosis-treated-with-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-ablation
#14
C Y Zhou, X J Xu, J He
Objective: To investigate the symptom improvement and pregnancy outcomes of patients with adenomyosis after treatment with high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation. Methods: From October 2010 to October 2015, 68 patients with adenomyosis who wish to get pregnancies were treated with HIFU ablation in Suining Central Hospital. Among these patients, 56 presented with dysmenorrhea, 11 presented with menorrhagia, and 1 patient complained both; 41 of them had histories of abnormal pregnancy. The clinical data were analyzed retrospectively...
November 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912790/fetal-malformation-in-maternal-toxoplasma-and-rubella-co-infection-in-cameroon-a-case-report
#15
Andreas Ateke Njoh, Sarah Namondo Njoh, Messang Blandine Abizou
BACKGROUND: There has been a recent increase in the number of newborns with brain malformations due to congenital infections, but the impact of these diseases remains largely under ascertained in middle-income and low-income countries. This case report presents a fetal anencephaly following maternal toxoplasma and rubella co-infection in a resource-limited setting and the challenges faced by the patient and the health care provider in the management of the condition. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old black Cameroonian woman of Bakossi origin, gravida3 para1010, presented with a positive rubella and toxoplasma immunoglobulin G serologic test at 21 weeks of pregnancy; she could not benefit from a fetal morphologic ultrasound partly because there was none at the site of her antenatal clinic and because there were accessibility constraints getting to the nearest referral hospital approximately 100 km away...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900852/association-of-ultrasound-based-measures-of-fetal-body-composition-with-newborn-adiposity
#16
S Ikenoue, F Waffarn, K Sumiyoshi, M Ohashi, C Ikenoue, C Buss, D L Gillen, H N Simhan, S Entringer, P D Wadhwa
BACKGROUND: Newborns exhibit substantial variation in gestational age-adjusted and sex-adjusted fat mass proportion. The antecedent characteristics of fetal body composition that are associated with newborn fat mass proportion are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether a composite measure of fetal fat mass is prospectively associated with newborn adiposity. METHODS: In a longitudinal study of 109 low-risk pregnancies, fetal ultrasonography was performed at approximately 12, 20 and 30 weeks gestation...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891327/analysis-of-fetal-palate-to-assist-pre-natal-ultrasound
#17
Anjali Shastry, Yogitha Ravindranath, Roopa Ravindranath
INTRODUCTION: Cleft palate is one of the major facial congenital malformation in newborns. Pre-natal detection of this malformation is limited to detection of clefting of hard palate but isolated soft palate clefting still remains challenge for sonologists. As Indian literature is limited present study was attempted to provide dimensions and position of fetal palate by digitized images. AIM: To study dimensions, position and differences in parameters between second and third trimester fetuses...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866823/relative-risk-and-incidence-for-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#18
Virginie Pollet, Vanessa Percy, Heather J Prior
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and associated risk factors of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in a modern population without universal screening. STUDY DESIGN: Children with DDH were identified from the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy's Data Repository by the use of International Classification of Diseases diagnosis codes as well as physician billing tariffs for surgical procedures for DDH for all children born between 1995 and 2012. To identify the outpatient-treated patients, ultrasound scans and radiographic imaging for DDH were reviewed for 2004-2012...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857793/newborn-with-meroanencephaly-surviving-all-odds
#19
Iraj Alam Khan, Uzma Firdaus, Syed Manazir Ali, Imran Asghar
Neural tube defects are a group of congenital anomalies of brain development that carry a significant risk of morbidity and mortality. Anencephaly is a serious form of this defect with a very poor prognosis. It can present in three forms - meroanencephaly, holoanencephaly, and craniorachischisis. Meroanencephaly is considered to be the classic form of anencephaly. It manifests as a lack of cranial vault bones and exposed dorsal neural tissue resulting from defective neural tube closure in the very early period of gestation...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857787/a-study-of-neurosonogram-abnormalities-clinical-correlation-with-neurosonogram-findings-and-immediate-outcome-of-high-risk-neonates-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#20
Niranjan Nagaraj, Pramod Kumar Berwal, Anusha Srinivas, Ramnarayan Sehra, Sarika Swami, Prathyusha Jeevaji, Gotam Swami, Lokesh Choudary, Ayush Berwal
BACKGROUND: Neonatal sonography of the brain is now an essential part of newborn care, particularly in high risk and unstable premature infants. Cranial ultrasound is the most available and easily repeatable imaging technique for the neonatal brain showing brain development and the most frequently occurring forms of cerebral injury in the preterm and terms. This study aims to assess the importance of cranial ultrasound as an investigatory modality for high-risk neonates and to find out the morphology of various cerebral lesions and correlate clinically...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
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