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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762734/estimation-of-direct-and-maternal-genetic-parameters-for-individual-birth-weight-weaning-weight-and-probe-weight-in-yorkshire-and-landrace-pigs
#1
K Alves, F S Schenkel, L F Brito, J A B Robinson
As a result of selecting for increased litter size, newborn piglets are being born lighter and have a lower chance of survival. Raising fewer pigs to market weight would have a negative impact on the industry and farmer profitability, thus understanding the genetics of individual growth performance traits will determine whether these traits will play an important role in pig breeding schemes. This study aimed to estimate genetic parameters for individual birth weight (BW), weaning weight (WW) and probe weight (PW) in Canadian purebred Yorkshire and Landrace pigs...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753922/beckwith-wiedemann-syndrome-a-population-based-study-on-prevalence-prenatal-diagnosis-associated-anomalies-and-survival-in-europe
#2
Ingeborg Barisic, Ljubica Boban, Diana Akhmedzhanova, Jorieke E H Bergman, Clara Cavero-Carbonell, Ieva Grinfelde, Anna Materna-Kiryluk, Anna Latos-Bielenska, Hanitra Randrianaivo, Natalya Zymak-Zakutnya, Ivona Sansovic, Monica Lanzoni, Joan K Morris
Beckwith Wiedemann syndrome is a complex developmental disorder characterized by somatic overgrowth, macroglossia, abdominal wall defects, neonatal hypoglycemia, and predisposition to embryonal tumors. We present epidemiological and clinical aspects of patients with Beckwith Wiedemann syndrome diagnosed prenatally or in the early years of life, using data from EUROCAT (European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies) registries. The study population consisted of 371 cases identified between January 1990 and December 2015 in 34 registries from 16 European countries...
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747267/-application-of-uterine-lower-part-breakwater-like-suture-operation-in-placenta-previa
#3
Y Zhao, J W Zhu, D Wu, Q H Wang, S S Lu, X X Liu, L Zou
Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of uterine lower posterior wall breakwater-like suture technique in controlling the intraoperative bleeding of placenta previa. Methods: From June 2016 to June 2017, 47 patients were diagnosed placenta previa in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Posterior wall breakwater-like suture technique was used preferentially, as for cases with poor myometrium layer, lower anterior wall stitch suture was used at the same time...
April 25, 2018: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729459/extended-experience-with-neuroendoscopic-lavage-for-posthemorrhagic-hydrocephalus-in-neonates
#4
Charlotte d'Arcangues, Matthias Schulz, Christoph Bührer, Ulrich Thome, Matthias Krause, Ulrich-Wilhelm Thomale
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have described neuroendoscopic lavage (NEL) as a procedure for the treatment of posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus in newborn infants. This report describes complications and results in an extended case series from two separate hospitals. METHODS: Patient records were screened for NEL procedures performed upon infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus between September 2010 and May 2016 (minimum follow-up time 12 months). Efficacy of blood removal, as assessed by cerebral ultrasound, complications, eventual shunt placement rate, and subsequent shunt revisions were recorded...
May 2, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722867/evaluating-the-quality-of-the-processes-of-care-and-clinical-outcomes-of-premature-newborns-admitted-to-neonatal-intensive-care-units-in-mexico
#5
Svetlana V Doubova, Heladia Josefa-García, Irma Alejandra Coronado-Zarco, Sandra Carrera-Muiños, Guadalupe Cordero-Gonzalez, Leonardo Cruz-Reynoso, Leovigildo Mateos-Sanchez, Ana Jesica Maya-García, Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas
Objectives: To develop quality of care (QoC) indicators, evaluate the quality of the processes of care (QPC) and clinical outcomes, and analyze the association between the QPC and severe clinical outcomes of preterm newborns admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Design: Mixed methods approach: (1) development of QoC indicators via modified RAND/UCLA method; (2) cross-sectional study of QoC evaluation and (3) multiple logistic regression analysis to ascertain the association between the QPC and severe clinical outcomes...
April 4, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720579/congenital-esophageal-atresia-and-microtia-in-a-newborn-secondary-to-mycophenolate-mofetil-exposure-during-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Musaed Mohammed Alsebayel, Faisal Abdulrahman Abaalkhail, Faisal Mohammed Alsebayel, Dema A Alissa, Ahmed Hamdan Al-Jedai, Hussien Elsiesy
BACKGROUND Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is one of the most commonly prescribed drugs to prevent organ transplant rejection in combination with calcineurin inhibitors and steroids. It has a different toxicity profile than tacrolimus and cyclosporine.  Gastrointestinal tract disturbances are the most common adverse effects. The use of MMF in pregnant women, however, holds great risk of miscarriage and fetal development defects such as external ear malformation, ocular anomalies, cleft lip and palate, and abnormality of distal limbs, heart, esophagus, and kidneys...
May 3, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716537/accuracy-of-immediate-antepartum-ultrasound-estimated-fetal-weight-and-its-impact-on-mode-of-delivery-and-outcome-a-cohort-analysis
#7
Johannes Stubert, Adam Peschel, Michael Bolz, Änne Glass, Bernd Gerber
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate the accuracy of ultrasound-derived estimated fetal weight (EFW) and to determine its impact on management and outcome of delivery. METHODS: In this single-center cohort analysis, women with a singleton term pregnancy in the beginning stages of labor were included. Women with immediately antepartum EFW (N = 492) were compared to women without ultrasound (N = 515). RESULTS: EFW was correct (deviation from birth weight ≤ 10%) in 72...
May 2, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709429/mild-ventriculomegaly-from-fetal-consultation-to-neurodevelopmental-assessment-a-single-center-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Barbara Scelsa, Mariangela Rustico, Andrea Righini, Cecilia Parazzini, Marina Antonella Balestriero, Paola Introvini, Luigina Spaccini, Massimo Mastrangelo, Gianluca Lista, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Pierangelo Veggiotti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the outcome of fetuses with isolated mild ventriculomegaly, with prenatal imaging work-up, prenatal consultation, delivery and clinical follow-up performed in a single tertiary referring center. METHODS: Fetuses with isolated and non-progressive mild ventriculomegaly (10-15 mm) were included in the study. Inclusion criteria were as follows: singleton pregnancies, normal chromosomal analysis, normal serological evaluation of TORCH, fetal ultrasound and MRI excluding additional CNS or extra-CNS malformations...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703052/a-newborn-patient-with-both-annular-pancreas-and-meckel-s-diverticulum-a-case-report-of-an-unusual-association
#9
Peng Cai, Zhenwei Zhu, Jianlei Chen, Lulu Chen, Jiang Pan, Wenxian Zhi, Jie Zhu, Bin Wu, Zhicheng Gu, Shungen Huang, Jian Wang
RATIONALE: Annular pancreas (AP) is recognized as a cause of duodenal obstruction in children, while children with Meckel's diverticulum (MD) are usually asymptomatic. Here we present a rare case with both AP and MD, which was identified by abdominal exploration during diamond-shaped duodenoduodenostomy. PATIENT CONCERNS: A "double-bubble" sign was found by ultrasound at 35 week of pregnancy. After 39 weeks of pregnancy, the male patient was transferred to the Department of General Surgery, Children's Hospital of Soochow University because of a suspected duodenal stenosis...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694631/humoral-hypercalcemia-of-pregnancy-treated-with-bisphosphonates
#10
Ronit Koren, Ortal Neeman, Shlomit Koren, Carlos A Benbassat
Hypercalcemia can be hazardous during pregnancy, most cases being due to primary hyperparathyroidism. We report a case of hypercalcemia with suppressed PTH levels necessitating treatment with bisphosphonates during pregnancy. A 38-year-old woman at the 26th week gestation was admitted because of symptomatic hypercalcemia. She did not take any medication that could influence her calcium levels. Physical examination was unremarkable. Laboratory tests on admission were: calcium 12.7 mg/dL (8.5-10.5 mg/dL), phosphorus 1...
February 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692537/brown-fat-necrosis-with-calcifications-in-the-newborn-risk-factors-radiographic-findings-and-clinical-course
#11
Eleza T Golden, Paula Dickson, Stephen Simoneaux
Objective: To describe the radiographic appearance of subclinical calcified brown fat necrosis and the associated clinical and laboratory findings. Materials and Methods: Picture Archiving and Communications Sytem (PACS) was searched using keywords "soft tissue calcification" and "chest." The clinical record was searched for prior cardiac surgery, bypass, Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygentation (ECMO) and prostaglandin use. Age when calcifications were first detected, location, resolution, and associated laboratory abnormalities were recorded...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689584/bedside-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-needle-aspiration-of-intra-and-extra-axial-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-neonates
#12
Mehmet N Cizmeci, Liesbeth Thewissen, Alexandra Zecic, Peter A Woerdeman, Bart de Boer, Edward Baert, Paul Govaert, Jeroen Dudink, Floris Groenendaal, Maarten Lequin, Linda S de Vries
Intracranial hemorrhage is an important cause of brain injury in the neonatal population and bedside percutaneous needle aspiration has emerged as an alternative due to the major risks that can be caused by standard neurosurgical decompression. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of this minimally invasive bedside technique and conducted a retrospective analysis of all newborn infants with a large extra-axial hemorrhage associated with a parenchymal hemorrhage causing a midline shift, managed at three academic centers over a 15-year period...
April 24, 2018: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685078/prelabour-myocardial-deformation-and-cardiac-output-in-fetuses-that-develop-intrapartum-compromise-at-term-a-prospective-observational-study
#13
Amal A Alsolai, Larissa N Bligh, Ristan M Greer, Alexander Gooi, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: Redistribution of cardiac output is responsible for the "brain sparing" effect seen during periods of acute or chronic fetal stress. We investigated the relationship between prelabour cardiac function in fetuses that subsequently developed intrapartum fetal compromise (IFC). METHODS: A blinded, prospective, observational, cohort study, at Mater Mother's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia. A cohort of 284 women with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies underwent ultrasound every 2 weeks from 36 weeks until delivery...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683306/maternity-care-update-prenatal-care-and-specific-conditions
#14
Andrew Smith, Wendy B Barr, Erin Bassett-Novoa, Nicholas LeFevre
Early initiation of prenatal care is associated with improved health outcomes for women and newborns. An essential element of prenatal care is determining the estimated due date, ideally using a first-trimester ultrasound. Laboratory tests should be obtained to screen for conditions that can affect pregnancy. Routine immunizations for all pregnant women include influenza vaccine; tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria, acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine. All women should be screened for gestational diabetes mellitus in midpregnancy...
April 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680471/the-neu-prem-trial-neuromonitoring-of-brains-of-infants-born-preterm-during-resuscitation-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#15
Anup C Katheria, M J Harbert, Sunil B Nagaraj, Kathy Arnell, Debra M Poeltler, Melissa K Brown, Wade Rich, Kasim O Hassen, Neil Finer
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether monitoring cerebral oxygen tissue saturation (StO2 ) with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and brain activity with amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) can predict infants at risk for intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and death in the first 72 hours of life. STUDY DESIGN: A NIRS sensor and electroencephalography leads were placed on 127 newborns <32 weeks of gestational age at birth. Ten minutes of continuous NIRS and aEEG along with heart rate, peripheral arterial oxygen saturation, fraction of inspired oxygen, and mean airway pressure measurements were obtained in the delivery room...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668474/craniosynostosis-acrocephalosyndactyly-apert-syndrome-diagnosed-in-a-newborn
#16
Orhideja Stomnaroska, Dragan Danilovski, Sanja Ivanovska
We report a 10 days old newborn with brachycephaly, midfacial hypoplasia, syndactyly and broad distal phalanx of thumb and big toe. At the 20th gestational weeks an enlargement of the left cerebral ventricle and malformation of the fingers of the hands and toes were noticed on a regular ultrasound examination. The aforementioned malformations were observed at birth and at the age of 11 months. The large fontal was closed; the small one was palpable at the tip of the finger. Brachycephaly was evident with high full forehead, flat occiput, and irregular craniosynostosis especially at the coronal suture...
December 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663900/congenital-toxoplasmosis-in-tunisia-prenatal-and-neonatal-diagnosis-and-postnatal-follow-up-of-35-cases
#17
Boudaouara Yosr, Aoun Karim, Maatoug Rania, Souissi Olfa, Bouratbine Aïda, Ben Abdallah Rym
Congenital toxoplasmosis (CT) results from transplacental passage of Toxoplasma gondii to the fetus during acute maternal infection. Our study aims to report clinical and biological patterns of 35 cases of CT diagnosed at the department of the Parasitology of the Pasteur Institute of Tunis and to access the performance of prenatal and early postnatal diagnosis techniques. Serological screening of maternal infection was performed by Immunoglobulin (Ig) M and IgG detection and IgG avidity determination. Prenatal diagnosis was based on both Toxoplasma DNA detection in the amniotic fluid and monthly ultrasound examinations...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662916/intracranial-hemorrhage-and-autoimmune-thrombocytopenia-in-a-neonate-a-rare-unpredictable-event
#18
Andrea Becocci, Cristina Felice-Civitillo, Méryle Laurent, Françoise Boehlen, Roberta De Luca, Joel Fluss
Neonatal thrombocytopenia is a rare complication of maternal autoimmune thrombocytopenia, and no maternal predictors of its gravity and potential complications have been identified. Neonatal cerebral hemorrhage, a feared event in the setting of autoimmune thrombocytopenia, is fortunately uncommon, but it can occur in utero or in the perinatal period, with potentially serious consequences. The authors report the case of a boy born to a mother affected by autoimmune thrombocytopenia, who presented with severe thrombocytopenia at birth and developed intracranial hemorrhage despite mild maternal thrombocytopenia at delivery and a prompt preventive treatment of the newborn...
2018: Child Neurology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657681/outcomes-of-isolated-antenatal-hydronephrosis-at-first-year-of-life
#19
Mutaz Orabi, Sameh Abozaid, Bahauddin Sallout, Amani Abu Shaheen, Humariya Heena, Abdulrahman Al Matary
Objectives: To compare the grade of hydronephrosis between the antenatal and first postnatal ultrasound (US) and their clinical outcomes. Methods: This retrospective study included all cases of isolated hydronephrosis detected by antenatal US from August 2005 to February 2011. Hydronephrosis was classified based on the standard criteria into mild, moderate, or severe. Cases associated with other major congenital anomalies were excluded. All patients were followed-up postnatally and outcomes available were analyzed at one year of age...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652653/role-of-foetal-umbilical-artery-doppler-on-prediction-of-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#20
Zhongping Zhan, Yanfeng Zhan, Minxi Lao, Xiuyan Yang, Xiaodong Wang, Dongying Chen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the foetal outcomes and examine the predictive value of the third-trimester umbilical artery Doppler in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pregnancies. METHODS: Data of 180 pregnancies in 175 SLE patients from Jan 2007 to Jan 2017 were analysed retrospectively. Pulsatility index (PI), resistance index (RI), and systolic/diastolic ratio (S/D) of the umbilical artery flow velocity data were monitored by Doppler ultrasound. RESULTS: One or more composite adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) occurred in 46...
April 13, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
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