Read by QxMD icon Read

Ultrasound newborn

Rahul Tyagi, Marcin R Zgoda, Rachel Short
National Health Service Quality Improvement Scotland (NHS QIS) published a health technology scoping report in 2006 acknowledging that there are serious concerns within Scotland in relation to Developmental Dysplasia of Hip (DDH) as there is no formal screening program in place and there are significant variations between NHS boards leading to confusion for staff and parents. NHS QIS identified need for audit work to improve hip screening in Scotland. The aim of this study is review of current practice of selective screening for DDH...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
Alicia Iglesias-Deus, Alejandro Pérez-Muñuzuri, Adela Urisarri, Adolfo Bautista-Casasnovas, Maria-Luz Couce
BACKGROUND: Umbilical cord hemangioma is very rare and may not be detected prenatally. However, it should be considered in differential diagnosis with other umbilical masses because it can cause significant morbidity. METHODS: We report the case of a newborn referred with suspected omphalitis and umbilical hernia. RESULTS: Physical examination showed an irreducible umbilical tumor, the size of olive, with dubious secretion. The initial suspected diagnosis was urachal or omphalomesenteric duct remnants...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kerstin Eckhoff, Thilo Wedel, Marcus Both, Kayhan Bas, Nicolai Maass, Ibrahim Alkatout
BACKGROUND: Rectus sheath hematoma is a rare clinical diagnosis, particularly in pregnancy. Due to unspecific symptoms, misdiagnosis is likely and could potentially endanger a patient as well as her fetus. CASE PRESENTATION: A 26-year-old white woman presented with mild right-sided abdominal pain, which increased during palpation and movement, at 26 + 3 weeks' gestational age. Ultrasound imaging initially showed a round and well-demarcated structure, which appeared to be in contact with her uterine wall, leading to a suspected diagnosis of an infarcted leiomyoma...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Jing Liu, Xiao-Ling Ren, Wei Fu, Ying Liu, Rong-Ming Xia
Objective Pulmonary atelectasis (PA) is a common clinical complication among newborns, and it is one of the most common causes of neonatal dyspnea, a condition with no specific effective treatment. This study examined the effectiveness and security of bronchoalveolar lavage (BL) regarding the treatment of neonatal PA under ultrasound monitoring. Methods A total of 57 patients diagnosed with PA via lung ultrasound (LUS) were included in this study. All patients received BL via a tracheal intubation injection of lavage fluid...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Jessica H Rankin, Marsha Elkhunovich, Dina Seif, Mikaela Chilstrom
Neonatal respiratory distress is an emergent condition with a wide differential diagnosis. A 12-day-old newborn presented to the emergency department in respiratory distress. Point-of-care ultrasound allowed clinicians to rapidly exclude cardiac disease and pneumothorax as possible causes of the patient's respiratory distress, and expedited the identification of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. The ultrasound findings and technique, epidemiology, pathophysiology, and radiological diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia are reviewed...
October 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Brent A Burket
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to (1) describe and compare two obstetric Mayan populations in Guatemala, the Tz'utujil and the Kachiquel and (2) evaluate possible associations of demographics, wood fuel use, and obesity with pregnancy/newborn outcomes. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study interviewed participants at the time of routine obstetric ultrasounds at three institutions in Santiago Atitlán and one institution in San Lucas Tolimán. Data were collected from January 2010 to May 2013...
October 17, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Jarmila A Zdanowicz, Chantal Huber, Roland Gerull, Martin Mueller, Luigi Raio, Daniel Surbek
INTRODUCTION: To determine the accuracy of estimated fetal weight (EFW) at the limit of viability in a delivery room setting and its impact on the prediction of neonatal outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective, single-center cohort study we included patients with preterm birth between 230/7 and 260/7 weeks of gestation. Neonates were divided into 3 groups according to birth weight at delivery (accuracy index 90-110%, <90%, >110%). Neonatal outcome for each group was categorized into survival with and without impairment and death, with a follow-up period of 6 weeks...
October 15, 2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
K McCloskey, A-L Ponsonby, F Collier, K Allen, M L K Tang, J B Carlin, R Saffery, M R Skilton, M Cheung, S Ranganathan, T Dwyer, D Burgner, P Vuillermin
BACKGROUND: Excess adiposity and adiposity-related inflammation are known risk factors for cardiovascular disease in adults; however, little is known regarding the determinants of adiposity-related inflammation at birth. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and newborn adiposity and inflammation. METHODS: Paired maternal (28-week gestation) and infant (umbilical cord) blood samples were collected from a population-derived birth cohort (Barwon Infant Study, n = 1074)...
October 9, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
Francesca M Trovato, Daniela Catalano, Guglielmo M Trovato
Imaging workup of patients referred for elective assessment of chest disease requires an articulated approach: Imaging is asked for achieving timely diagnosis. The concurrent or subsequent use of thoracic ultrasound (TUS) with conventional (chest X-rays-) and more advanced imaging procedures (computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) implies advantages, limitations and actual problems. Indeed, despite TUS may provide useful imaging of pleura, lung and heart disease, emergency scenarios are currently the most warranted field of application of TUS: Pleural effusion, pneumothorax, lung consolidation...
September 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
Anne S Bassett, Gregory Costain, Christian R Marshall
Most major neuropsychiatric outcomes of concern to families are not detectable by prenatal ultrasound. The introduction of genome-wide chromosomal microarray analysis to prenatal clinical diagnostic testing has increased the detection of pathogenic 22q11.2 deletions, which cause the most common genomic disorder. The recent addition of this and other microdeletions to non-invasive prenatal screening methods using cell-free fetal DNA has further propelled interest in outcomes. Conditions associated with 22q11...
October 8, 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
J Bohlin, S E Håberg, P Magnus, S E Reese, H K Gjessing, M C Magnus, C L Parr, C M Page, S J London, W Nystad
BACKGROUND: We explored the association between gestational age and cord blood DNA methylation at birth and whether DNA methylation could be effective in predicting gestational age due to limitations with the presently used methods. We used data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Birth Cohort study (MoBa) with Illumina HumanMethylation450 data measured for 1753 newborns in two batches: MoBa 1, n = 1068; and MoBa 2, n = 685. Gestational age was computed using both ultrasound and the last menstrual period...
October 7, 2016: Genome Biology
Catharina Rydberg, Katarina Tunón
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the sensitivity of routine ultrasound examination for the detection of abnormal chromosomes and structural malformations in fetuses in the second trimester in a non-selected population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prenatal diagnoses of fetal abnormalities in 10 414 fetuses and newborns were reviewed and compared with all postnatal diagnoses of congenital abnormalities between 2006 and 2013. RESULTS: Overall, 243 fetuses and newborns had confirmed congenital abnormalities, with a prevalence of 2...
October 7, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Mandy Rickard, Armando J Lorenzo, Luis H Braga
OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential value of an objective assessment, renal parenchyma-to-hydronephrosis area ratio (PHAR), as an early predictor of surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initial sagittal renal ultrasound images of patients prospectively entered into a prenatal hydronephrosis (PHN) database from January 2008-2016 with baseline SFU grades III and IV PHN, without vesicoureteral reflux, were evaluated using NIH-sponsored image-processing software. PHAR, APd, SFU grade and urinary tract dilation (UTD) risk categories were contrasted with nuclear scan data (differential renal function [DRF] and drainage time [t ½]), and analyzed for predictive value in determining the decision to proceed with surgery by drawing receiver operator characteristic curves...
October 3, 2016: Urology
Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska, Ewa Helwich, Magdalena Rutkowska, Joanna Stankiewicz, Iwona Terczyńska
INTRODUCTION: The authors present the first experience in neonatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations using an MR compatible incubator (INC) at the Institute of Mother and Child. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-nine examinations of 47 newborns (20 girls, 27 boys) were performed using the GE Signa HDxt 1.5T system and INC Nomag IC 1.5. Demographic data, anesthetic methods and MRI findings in the INC in comparison with previously performed imaging were analyzed...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Eva Pölzlberger, Beda Hartmann, Erich Hafner, Ingrid Stümpflein, Sylvia Kirchengast
The impact of maternal height, pre-pregnancy weight status and gestational weight gain on fetal growth patterns and newborn size was analysed using a dataset of 4261 singleton term births taking place at the Viennese Danube Hospital between 2005 and 2013. Fetal growth patterns were reconstructed from three ultrasound examinations carried out at the 11th/12th, 20th/21th and 32th/33th weeks of gestation. Crown-rump length, biparietal diameter, fronto-occipital diameter, head circumference, abdominal transverse diameter, abdominal anterior-posterior diameter, abdominal circumference and femur length were determined...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
R Q Yang, Z Y Liu, J L Zhang, Y Nan, L M Fan
Objective: To investigate the relationship among the prenatal ultrasound, prognosis and chromosome results of fetal bowel dilatation. And in order to further improve the positive rate of prenatal chromosome examination operation, and reduce the risk of missed diagnosis. Methods: Ninety fetuses who were diagnosed as fetal bowel dilatation by prenatal ultrasound from June 2013 to December 2015 in the Second hospital of Jilin University were enrolled. Chromosomes were examined by amniotic cavity puncture or umbilical cord blood puncture...
September 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Kimberly S Grant, Julie M Worlein, Jerrold S Meyer, Melinda A Novak, Rose Kroeker, Kendra Rosenberg, Caroline Kenney, Thomas M Burbacher
Cortisol is a well-known glucocorticoid that can be used as a biomarker of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical activity. To explore basal cortisol physiology during pregnancy and infancy in Macaca nemestrina monkeys, hair was collected from a convenience sample of 22 healthy mother-infant dyads. Adult females were housed in pairs as part of a small breeding colony at the Washington National Primate Research Center and infants were reared in a specialized nursery. Maternal samples were collected from females during a pregnancy-detection ultrasound and immediately following labor and delivery...
September 19, 2016: American Journal of Primatology
Radoslava Vazharova, Svetlana Vragaleva, Violeta Dimitrova, Samuil Ivanov, Lubomir Balabanski, Maxim Malinov, Draga Toncheva
Congenital anomalies affect 1% to 2% of the newborns. The urinary tract and the kidneys are involved in 4-5% of the cases while upper-extremities abnormalities are present in 10%. Certain anomalies occur in isolation, whereas others are associated with systemic conditions. The prenatal detection of fetal anomalies compatible with life is a challenge for both the parents and the physician. The prognosis for the fetus/newborn and the reproductive decisions of the family largely depend on the causes underlying the disease...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sujit K Chowdhary, Deepak K Kandpal, Anupam Sibal, Rajendra N Srivastava, Anand S Vasudev
AIM: To evaluate the success of endoscopic deroofing with double J (DJ) stenting as a primary treatment modality of uncomplicated ureterocele. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All babies with uncomplicated ureterocele referred to us between 2005 and 2015 were to be prospectively recruited into the study without any exception. The preoperative management would include ultrasound KUB on a fixed protocol, micturating cystourethrogram, DTPA scan and MRU (magnetic resonance urography) or IVP (intravenous pyelography)...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Jack S Elder
Undescended testis (UDT) is the most common disorder of sexual development in boys and affects 3.5% of male newborns. Although approximately half of newborn UDTs descend spontaneously, some boys develop an ascending testis later in childhood. Recent guideline recommendations advocate orchiopexy by 18 months of age to maximize potential for fertility and perhaps reduce the risk for testicular carcinoma in the future. For palpable testes, a standard inguinal approach is appropriate. However, the prescrotal approach is often effective for low inguinal testes and reduces surgical time and patient discomfort with an equivalent success rate in boys with an ascending testis...
October 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"