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Doppler newborn

Emanuela Zannin, Daniela Doni, Maria Luisa Ventura, Tiziana Fedeli, Camilla Rigotti, Raffaele L Dellacá, Paolo E Tagliabue
OBJECTIVE: To characterize changes in lung mechanics and right ventricular output (RVO) during incremental/decremental continuous distending pressure (CDP) maneuvers in newborn infants receiving high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, with the aim of evaluating when open lung maneuvers are needed and whether they are beneficial. STUDY DESIGN: Thirteen infants on high-frequency oscillatory ventilation were studied with a median (IQR) gestational age of 26(1) (25(3)-29(1)) weeks and median (IQR) body weight of 810 (600-1020) g...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Emily Riehm Meier, Angeli Rampersad
Once a fatal disease of childhood, more than 95% of patients born today with sickle cell disease (SCD) in developed countries are expected to survive into adulthood, largely because of improvements in supportive and preventive care (newborn screening, penicillin prophylaxis, transcranial Doppler (TCD) screening). Hydroxyurea (HU) therapy, the only oral medication currently available to prevent SCD complications, has become more widespread over the past 20 years. The NHLBI recommends that HU be offered to all patients with HbSS beginning at nine months of age, and the recently published Abnormal TCD with Transfusions Changing to HU (TWiTCH) trial has shown HU as an acceptable alternative to transfusion therapy for patients at high risk of stroke...
October 5, 2016: Pediatric Research
Rosiane Maciel Scandiuzzi, Caio Antonio de Campos Prado, Edward Araujo Júnior, Geraldo Duarte, Silvana Maria Quintana, Fabrício da Silva Costa, Gabriele Tonni, Ricardo de Carvalho Cavalli, Alessandra Cristina Marcolin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the maternal demographic characteristics and uterine artery (UA) Doppler parameters at first and second trimesters of pregnancy as predictors for hypertensive disorders (HDs) and adverse perinatal outcomes. METHODS: This prospective cohort study comprised 162 singleton low-risk women undergoing routine antenatal care. The left and right UA were assessed by color and pulsed Doppler and the mean pulsatility and resistance indices as well as the presence of a bilateral protodiastolic notch were recorded at 11 to 14 and 20 to 24 weeks' gestation...
September 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Paulo do Val Rezende, Kenia da Silva Costa, Jose Carlos Domingues Junior, Paula Barezani Silveira, André Rolim Belisário, Celia Maria Silva, Marcos Borato Viana
INTRODUCTION: The hemoglobin FSD is very uncommon in newborn screening programs for sickle cell disease. In the program of Minas Gerais, Brazil, the clinical course of children with hemoglobin SD was observed to be heterogeneous. The objective of this study was to estimate the incidence (1999-2012) and to describe the natural history of a cohort of newborns with hemoglobin SD. METHODS: Isoelectric focusing was the primary method used in newborn screening. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and gene sequencing were used to identify mutant alleles and for haplotyping...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
André Rolim Belisário, Rahyssa Rodrigues Sales, Nayara Evelin Toledo, Maristela Braga de Sousa Rodrigues Muniz, Cibele Velloso-Rodrigues, Célia Maria Silva, Marcos Borato Viana
Stroke is a severe clinical manifestation of sickle cell anemia (SCA). Despite the prognostic relevance of transcranial Doppler (TCD), more accurate tools to assess stroke risk in children with SCA are required. Here, we describe the effect of clinical, laboratory, and molecular features on the risk of stroke and high-risk TCD in children from the newborn cohort of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Outcomes studied were acute cerebral ischemia and high-risk TCD. Clinical and hematological data were retrieved from children's records...
October 2016: Annals of Hematology
Christel Nowak, Madeleine Joubert, Frederique Jossic, Agathe Masseau, Mohamed Hamidou, Henri-Jean Philippe, Claudine Le Vaillant
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this work was to evaluate and compare perinatal outcomes of pregnancies complicated by placental chronic intervillositis (CIUE) or villitis (CVUE) of unknown etiology and combined lesions. METHODS: Retrospective study of all cases of significant CVUE and CIUE occurring during a 12-year period in a university tertiary hospital center. Multiple pregnancies, infectious and medical termination of pregnancies (TOP) without intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) were excluded...
August 2016: Placenta
Graham R Serjeant
The sickle cell gene in India represents a separate occurrence of the HbS mutations from those in Africa. Sickle cell disease in India occurs against different genetic and environmental backgrounds from those seen in African patients and there is evidence of clinical differences between the populations. Knowledge of the clinical features of African disease was drawn from the Jamaican Cohort Study, based on prospective follow up of all cases of sickle cell disease detected by the screening of 100,000 consecutive newborns in Kingston, Jamaica, and supplemented by observations from the Cooperative Study of Sickle Cell Disease in the US...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Siv Fredly, Cathrine S Nygaard, Janne H Skranes, Tom Stiris, Drude Fugelseth
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic hypothermia is presumed to suppress inflammatory processes after perinatal asphyxia. In a previous study of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) we found altered skin microcirculation in about a third of the infants after rewarming. We speculated whether this could be linked to increased inflammatory responses, such as high C-reactive protein (CRP). The present study further explored this question. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the differences in skin microcirculation and its oxygen delivery ability during cooling and after rewarming in HIE infants with or without high CRP...
June 21, 2016: Neonatology
Rebeca Gregorio-Hernández, Ester Sanz-López, Alejandra Aguado-Del Hoyo, Gema Manrique-Martín, Juan Carlos De-Agustín, Manuel Sánchez-Luna
Introduction Congenital umbilical arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are extremely rare. We present the first case of congenital umbilical AVM with feeding arteries originating not only from abdominal but also from the mammary arteries. Case Report A 34-week gestational age newborn was transferred to our hospital with a supraumbilical murmur. Abdominal Doppler ultrasound (US) showed a large vascular AVM, with multiple feeding arteries and several venous drainage structures to the umbilical vein and also a persistent ductus venosus...
April 2016: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
Masoud Motasaddi Zarandy, Mohammad Jafar Mahmoudi, Iran Malekzadeh, Sevil Nasirmohtaram
INTRODUCTION: Hearing impairment is the most frequent sensorial congenital defect in newborns and has increased to 2-4 cases per 1,000 live births. Sensory-neural hearing loss (SNHL) accounts for more than 90% of all hearing loss. This disorder is associated with other congenital disorders such as renal, skeletal, ocular, and cardiac disorders. Given that congenital heart diseases are life-threatening, we decided to study the frequency of congenital heart diseases in children with congenital sensory-neural deafness...
March 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Moises Rodriguez-Gonzalez, Antonio Segado-Arenas, Miguel A Matamala-Morillo
Pulmonary sequestration is an unusual cause of heart failure in infants. We report a preterm newborn with signs of congestive heart failure supposed secondary to a ductus arteriosus that was finally diagnosed as a coexistent extralobar pulmonary sequestration. In this case, Doppler echocardiography was essential for diagnosis, revealing an abnormal systemic arterial supply to the sequestered lung and abnormal venous drainage.
August 2016: Echocardiography
Rubeena Khan, Anthony K Chan, Tapas K Mondal, Bosco A Paes
BACKGROUND: Stroke in association with a patent foramen ovale (PFO) may be due to paradoxical embolization via a right to left intracardiac shunt but the exact contribution of PFO to stroke or stroke recurrence in childhood remains unclear. METHODS: To review the relationship of a PFO with stroke, and evaluate associated co-morbidities. An electronic database literature search of Pubmed, Cochrane and EMBASE was performed from January 2000-December 2014. RESULTS: 149 articles were retrieved, with overlap for diagnosis, management, treatment and outcome...
July 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Ana Luisa Neves, Maria Cabral, Adelino Leite-Moreira, José Monterroso, Carla Ramalho, Hercília Guimarães, Henrique Barros, João T Guimarães, Tiago Henriques-Coelho, José C Areias
BACKGROUND: Troponin I, myoglobin, and creatine kinase-MB mass (CK-MB) are biomarkers of cardiomyocyte injury widely used in the management of adult patients. The role of these biomarkers in newborns is still not established. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of cardiac injury biomarkers in newborns with congenital heart disease. METHODS: From August 2012 to January 2014, 34 newborns with a prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease were admitted consecutively to a neonatal intensive care unit...
April 2, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
André R Belisário, Rahyssa R Sales, Célia M Silva, Cibele Velloso-Rodrigues, Marcos Borato Viana
Children with Hb S (HBB: c.20A > T)/hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (Hb S/HPFH) have a mild clinical phenotype, but some complications have been reported. The natural history of Hb S/HPFH in children from the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil newborn cohort is described. Clinical and hematological data regarding participants' phenotypes were retrieved from medical records. The HPFH-1, HPFH-2, and HPFH-3 and α-thalassemia (α-thal) deletions were detected by gap-polymerase chain reaction (gap-PCR)...
June 2016: Hemoglobin
Henriette O Karlsen, Cathrine Ebbing, Svein Rasmussen, Torvid Kiserud, Synnøve L Johnsen
INTRODUCTION: Centiles of middle cerebral artery pulsatility index and cerebroplacental ratio are useful for predicting adverse perinatal outcomes. A 'conditional centile' is conditioned by a previous measurement reflecting degree of individual change over time. Here we test whether such centiles are independent predictors and whether their combination improves prediction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective longitudinal study included 220 pregnant women diagnosed with or at risk of having a small-for-gestational-age fetus...
June 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Nathalie Couque, Delphine Girard, Rolande Ducrocq, Priscilla Boizeau, Zinedine Haouari, Florence Missud, Laurent Holvoet, Ghislaine Ithier, Marie Belloy, Marie-Héléne Odièvre, Michel Benemou, Patricia Benhaim, Brigitte Retali, Philippe Bensaid, Brigitte Monier, Valentine Brousse, Roger Amira, Christine Orzechowski, Emmanuelle Lesprit, Laurent Mangyanda, Nathalie Garrec, Jacques Elion, Corinne Alberti, André Baruchel, Malika Benkerrou
We conducted a retrospective study on newborns with sickle-cell disease (SCD), born 1995-2009, followed in a multicentre hospital-based network. We assessed patient outcomes, medical care and compliance with the national guidelines published in December 2005. Data from 1033 patients (742 SS/Sβ°-thalassaemia) with 6776 patient-years of follow-up were analysed (mean age 7·1 ± 3·9 years). SCD-related deaths (n = 13) occurred only in SS-genotype patients at a median age of 23·1 months, mainly due to acute anaemia (n = 5, including 2 acute splenic sequestrations) and infection (n = 3)...
June 2016: British Journal of Haematology
Isin Ureyen, Ozgur Ozyuncu, Nihal Sahin-Uysal, Ozgur Kara, Derman Basaran, Mert Turgal, Ozgur Deren
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the relationship of mean platelet volume (MPV) with the presence and the severity of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and with neonatal complications. METHODS: The pregnancies with and without IUGR, that were followed-up in our hospital between 2003 and 2009 were analyzed retrospectively. Pregnancies which resulted in birth of a newborn with a birthweight less than 10th percentile for the gestational age were selected for IUGR group...
April 28, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Izumi Suzui, Hisashi Masuyama, Yumika Hirano, Takeshi Nishida, Kei Hayata, Yuji Hiramatsu
Umbilical arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a rare congenital malformation. We report a case of umbilical AVM that was prenatally diagnosed by further color Doppler ultrasonography because of fetal cardiomegaly. At 35 weeks' gestation, a male newborn was delivered by emergent cesarean section because of rapid progress of cardiomegaly and breech presentation. Three-dimensional reconstructed computed tomography after birth demonstrated the shunt was spontaneously closed. This is the first case report of umbilical AVM, which was prenatally diagnosed, and the boy was successfully delivered, suggesting that, when fetal cardiomegaly is identified, umbilical AVM must be taken into consideration...
March 7, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
E Mazarico, R Martinez-Cumplido, M Díaz, G Sebastiani, L Ibáñez, M D Gómez-Roig
INTRODUCTION: Infant anthropometry and body composition have been previously assessed to gauge the impact of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) at birth, but the interplay between prenatal Doppler measurements and postnatal development has not been studied in this setting. The present investigation was performed to assess the significance of prenatal Doppler findings relative to postnatal anthropometrics and body composition in IUGR newborns over the first 12 months of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive cases of singleton pregnancies with suspected IUGR were prospectively enrolled over 12 months...
2016: PloS One
Joanna Pierzak-Sominka, Karolina Skonieczna-Żydecka, Jacek Rudnicki, Beata Karakiewicz
The ASPM and MCPH1 genes are involved in early neurogenesis and are thus potential candidates for affecting the formation of the anatomical and functional characteristics of the brain. However, the results of studies to date have been conflicting, an issue for which the factor of ethnicity may be responsible. We aimed to examine whether the rs3762271 and rs930557 polymorphisms of these two genes can influence brain anatomy and function. We enrolled 97 Caucasian neonates, with males predominating (53.6%). The anatomy of the brain was examined using ultrasound, while Doppler ultrasound was used to establish the blood flow indices in particular brain blood vessels...
July 2016: Biological Research for Nursing
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