Read by QxMD icon Read

night shift

Yuan-Jhen Syue, Jyun-Bin Huang, Fu-Jen Cheng, Chia-Te Kung, Chao-Jui Li
Background. The survival rates of in-hospital cardiac arrests (IHCAs) are reportedly low at night, but the difference between the survival rates of cardiac origin and noncardiac origin IHCAs occurring at night remains unclear. Methods. Outcomes of IHCAs during different shifts (night, day, and evening) were compared and stratified according to the etiology (cardiac and noncardiac origin). Result. The rate of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) was 24.7% lower for cardiac origin IHCA and 19.4% lower for noncardiac origin IHCA in the night shift than in the other shifts...
2016: BioMed Research International
Peter Mathijs van Brussel, Bas van den Bogaard, Barbara A de Weijer, Jasper Truijen, Paul Ct Krediet, Ignace M Janssen, Arnold van de Laar, Karin A Kaasjager, Eric Fliers, Johannes J Van Lieshout, Mireille Johanna Serlie, Bert-Jan H van den Born
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure (BP) decreases in the first weeks after Roux-and-Y gastric bypass surgery. Yet, the pathophysiology of the BP lowering effects observed after gastric bypass surgery are incompletely understood. METHODS: We evaluated BP, systemic hemodynamics and baroreflex sensitivity in 15 obese women (mean age 42±7 yrs, body mass index 45±6 kg/m(2)) two weeks before and six weeks following Roux-and-Y gastric bypass surgery. RESULTS: Six weeks after gastric bypass surgery mean body weight decreased by 13±5 kg (10%, p<0...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
Michelle Cardoso, Michelle Girouard, Jack P Callaghan, Wayne J Albert
The purpose of this study was to assess the perceived discomfort of patrol officers related to equipment and vehicle design and whether there were discomfort differences between day and night shifts. A total of 16 participants were recruited (10 males, 6 females) from a local police force to participate for one full day shift and one full night shift. A series of questionnaires were administered to acquire information regarding comfort with specific car features and occupational gear (SFODQ), body part discomfort (BPDQ), and health and lifestyle (H&L) discomfort questionnaires were administered three times during each shift to monitor discomfort progression within a shift...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Sarah Schott, Johannes Lermann, Sabine Eismann, Johannes Neimann, Julia Knabl
BACKGROUND: Combining family and career is increasingly taken for granted in many fields. However, the medical profession in Germany has inadequately developed structures. Little is known regarding the satisfaction of physicians working part-time (PT). METHODS: This Germany-wide on-line survey collected information on the working situation of PT employees (PTE) in gynecology. An anonymous questionnaire with 95 items, nine of which concerned PT work, was sent to 2770 residents and physicians undergoing further specialist training...
October 19, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
So-Hyun Moon, Bum-Joon Lee, Seong-Jin Kim, Hwan-Cheol Kim
BACKGROUND: Night shift work has well-known adverse effects on health. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between thyroid diseases and night shift work. This study aimed to examine night shift workers and their changes in thyroid stimulating hormones (TSH) levels over time. METHODS: Medical check-up data (2011-2015) were obtained from 967 female workers at a university hospital in Incheon, Korea. Data regarding TSH levels were extracted from the records, and 2015 was used as a reference point to determine night shift work status...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Ruth C Travis, Angela Balkwill, Georgina K Fensom, Paul N Appleby, Gillian K Reeves, Xiao-Si Wang, Andrew W Roddam, Toral Gathani, Richard Peto, Jane Green, Timothy J Key, Valerie Beral
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that night shift work could increase breast cancer incidence. A 2007 World Health Organization review concluded, mainly from animal evidence, that shift work involving circadian disruption is probably carcinogenic to humans. We therefore aimed to generate prospective epidemiological evidence on night shift work and breast cancer incidence. METHODS: Overall, 522 246 Million Women Study, 22 559 EPIC-Oxford, and 251 045 UK Biobank participants answered questions on shift work and were followed for incident cancer...
December 2016: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Jeong Bae Park
Blood pressure fluctuates beat to beat, minute to minute, day and night, day by day and even over longer period. However, changes in blood pressure (BP) itself reflect body's ability to adapt. These fluctuation or variability makes it difficult to diagnose and treat hypertension. And therefore, even though the clinic BP was the standard of BP for more than 100 years, there were many attempts to find other BP effects which influence on prognosis independent from clinical BP since there was the breakout of white coat effect and masked effect in clinic BP...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Michelle Rae, Michelle Girouard, Colin McKinnon, Jack P Callaghan, Wayne J Albert
Police officers have been identified as group at high risk for developing musculoskeletal injuries. The purpose of this study was to determine physical demands differences of patrol officers during day shifts and night shifts. Sixteen participants were recruited (10 males, 6 females) for in-vehicle observation over one full day shift and one full night shift. Dynamic pressure distribution when seated in the vehicle was assessed and compared between the first and last part of each shift. Activity characterization and postural analyses were conducted from video that was recorded continuously for the duration of each shift to determine time spent in each task and corresponding postures...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Brice Faraut, Thomas Andrillon, Marie-Françoise Vecchierini, Damien Leger
Sleep specialists have proposed measures to counteract the negative short- and long-term consequences of sleep debt, and some have suggested the nap as a potential and powerful "public health tool". Here, we address this countermeasure aspect of napping viewed as an action against sleep deprivation rather than an action associated with poor health. We review the physiological functions that have been associated positively with napping in both public health and clinical settings (sleep-related accidents, work and school, and cardiovascular risk) and in laboratory-based studies with potential public health issues (cognitive performance, stress, immune function and pain sensitivity)...
September 13, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Charlotte C Gupta, Jill Dorrian, Crystal L Grant, Maja Pajcin, Alison M Coates, David J Kennaway, Gary A Wittert, Leonie K Heilbronn, Chris B Della Vedova, Siobhan Banks
Shiftworkers have impaired performance when driving at night and they also alter their eating patterns during nightshifts. However, it is unknown whether driving at night is influenced by the timing of eating. This study aims to explore the effects of timing of eating on simulated driving performance across four simulated nightshifts. Healthy, non-shiftworking males aged 18-35 years (n = 10) were allocated to either an eating at night (n = 5) or no eating at night (n = 5) condition. During the simulated nightshifts at 1730, 2030 and 0300 h, participants performed a 40-min driving simulation, 3-min Psychomotor Vigilance Task (PVT-B), and recorded their ratings of sleepiness on a subjective scale...
October 13, 2016: Chronobiology International
Anne Gulland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Ane Andrade Santa Cecília Silva, Tássia do Vale Cardoso Lopes, Kely Raspante Teixeira, Jordane Amaral Mendes, Matheus Eduardo de Souza Borba, Maria Carliana Mota, Jim Waterhouse, Cibele Aparecida Crispim
Subjective responses to meals are altered by shortened sleep time and anxiety state, but this effect has been poorly studied in shift workers - who act as a typical model concerning sleep restriction and present high levels of anxiety. The objective of this study was to compare subjective perceptions of meals and the levels of anxiety in the same subjects after working night shifts and after taking a nocturnal sleep, and to investigate associations between the responses to meals and the levels of anxiety under these two conditions...
October 6, 2016: Appetite
Susan Kohl Malone, Babette Zemel, Charlene Compher, Margaret Souders, Jesse Chittams, Aleda Leis Thompson, Allan Pack, Terri H Lipman
The relationship between sleep duration and obesity in adolescents is inconclusive. This may stem from a more complex relationship between sleep and obesity than previously considered. Shifts toward evening preferences, later sleep-wake times and irregular sleep-wake patterns are typical during adolescence but their relationship to body mass index (BMI) has been relatively unexplored. This cross-sectional study examined associations between sleep duration, midpoint of sleep and social jet lag (estimated from 7 days of continuous actigraphy monitoring), and morningness/eveningness with BMIs (BMI z-scores) and waist-to-height ratios in 14-17-year-old adolescents...
August 11, 2016: Chronobiology International
Marie Aarrebo Jensen, Åse Marie Hansen, Jesper Kristiansen, Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen, Anne Helene Garde
Night work is associated with a large range of acute health problems and possibly also health consequences in the long run. Yet, only very few field studies specifically investigate the effects of consecutive night shift on key physiological regulatory systems. In this field study, we investigated the effects of consecutive night shifts on three hormones, melatonin, cortisol, and testosterone, among police officers at work. More specifically, the aim was to investigate how the diurnal rhythms of melatonin, cortisol, and testosterone responded to two, four, and seven consecutive night shifts and a corresponding number of days for recovery...
August 11, 2016: Chronobiology International
Lonnele J Ball, Oxana Palesh, Lance J Kriegsfeld
Most physiological processes in the brain and body exhibit daily (circadian) rhythms coordinated by an endogenous master clock located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus that are essential for normal health and functioning. Exposure to sunlight during the day and darkness at night optimally entrains biological rhythms to promote homeostasis and human health. Unfortunately, a major consequence of the modern lifestyle is increased exposure to sun-free environments during the day and artificial lighting at night...
October 2016: Endocrine Reviews
Yuki Imaoka, Toshiyuki Itamoto, Yuji Takakura, Takahisa Suzuki, Satoshi Ikeda, Takashi Urushihara
BACKGROUND: Our previous retrospective study revealed the three preoperative predictors of complicated appendicitis (perforated or gangrenous appendicitis), which are body temperature ≥37.4 °C, C-reactive protein ≥4.7 mg/dl, and fluid collection surrounding the appendix on computed tomography. We reported here an additional prospective study to verify our ability to predict complicated appendicitis using the three preoperative predictors and thus facilitate better informed decisions regarding emergency surgery during night or holiday shifts...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Phil Hubbard, Rachela Colosi
The night-time economy is often described as repelling consumers fearful of the 'undesirable Others' imagined dominant within such time-spaces. In this paper we explore this by describing attitudes towards, and reactions to, one particularly contentious site: the 'lap dance' club. Often targeted by campaigners in England and Wales as a source of criminality and anti-sociality, in this paper we shift the focus from fear to disgust, and argue that Sexual Entertainment Venues (SEVs) are opposed on the basis of moral judgments that reflect distinctions of both class and gender...
November 2015: Sociological Review
Shannon N Acker, Beth Wathen, Genie E Roosevelt, Lauren R S Hill, Anna Schubert, Jenny Reese, Denis D Bensard, Ann M Kulungowski
Introduction The rapid response team (RRT) is a multidisciplinary team who evaluates hospitalized patients for concerns of nonemergent clinical deterioration. RRT evaluations are mandatory for children whose Pediatric Early Warning System (PEWS) score (assessment of child's behavior, cardiovascular and respiratory status) is ≥4. We aimed to determine if there were differences in characteristics of RRT calls between children who were admitted primarily to either medical or surgical services. We hypothesized that RRT activations would be called for less severely ill children with lower PEWS score on surgical services compared with children admitted to a medical service...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Sally A Power, Kirk L Barnett, Raul Ochoa-Hueso, Sarah L Facey, Eleanor V J Gibson-Forty, Susan E Hartley, Uffe N Nielsen, David T Tissue, Scott N Johnson
Climate models predict shifts in the amount, frequency and seasonality of rainfall. Given close links between grassland productivity and rainfall, such changes are likely to have profound effects on the functioning of grassland ecosystems and modify species interactions. Here, we introduce a unique, new experimental platform - DRI-Grass (Drought and Root Herbivore Interactions in a Grassland) - that exposes a south-eastern Australian grassland to five rainfall regimes [Ambient (AMB), increased amount (IA, +50%), reduced amount (RA, -50%), reduced frequency (RF, single rainfall event every 21 days, with total amount unchanged) and summer drought (SD, 12-14 weeks without water, December-March)], and contrasting levels of root herbivory...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Rashid Haidarimoghadam, Reza Kazemi, Majid Motamedzadeh, Rostam Golmohamadi, Alireza Soltanian, Mohamad Reza Zoghipaydar
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of consecutive night shifts (CNS) and shift length (SL) on cognitive performance and sleepiness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study evaluated the sleepiness and performance of 30 control rooms operators (CROs) working in a 7 nights, 7 days, 7 days off (7N7D7O) and 30 CROs working in a 4 nights, 7 days, 3 nights, 7 days off (4N7D3N7O) shift pattern in a petrochemical complex in the last night shift before swinging into the day shift...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"