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Positron emission tomography, PET

Mathias Kranz, Ralf Bergmann, Torsten Kniess, Birgit Belter, Christin Neuber, Zhengxin Cai, Gang Deng, Steffen Fischer, Jiangbing Zhou, Yiyun Huang, Peter Brust, Winnie Deuther-Conrad, Jens Pietzsch
Sigma-1 receptors (Sig1R) are highly expressed in various human cancer cells and hence imaging of this target with positron emission tomography (PET) can contribute to a better understanding of tumor pathophysiology and support the development of antineoplastic drugs. Two Sig1R-specific radiolabeled enantiomers ( S )-(-)- and ( R )-(+)-[18 F]fluspidine were investigated in several tumor cell lines including melanoma, squamous cell/epidermoid carcinoma, prostate carcinoma, and glioblastoma. Dynamic PET scans were performed in mice to investigate the suitability of both radiotracers for tumor imaging...
March 20, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Ina Israel, Felix Fluri, Fabian Schadt, Adreas Buck, Samuel Samnick
BACKGROUND: P-selectin is activated early after stroke, followed by a rapid decline. This time course can be used to generate important information on stroke onset. The latter is crucial for therapeutic decision-making of wake-up strokes (i.e. thrombolysis or not). Here we evaluated the specific p-selectin inhibitor 68Ga-Fucoidan for assessing p-selectin activation after ischemic stroke using PET. METHODS: 68Ga-Fucoidan was investigated in rats brain at 2-5 h (n=16), and additionally at 24-26 h (n=9) and 48 h (n=3) after induction of photothrombic stroke or in sham operated animals (n=6)...
March 19, 2018: Current Neurovascular Research
Hidenobu Hashimoto, Yoshimitsu Fukushima, Shin-Ichiro Kumita, Takeshi Tomiyama, Tomonari Kiriyama
Quantification of myocardial flow reserve (MFR) provides diagnostic value for detection of cardiovascular artery disease. However, the common calculation method for MFR requires dynamic acquisition and specific software. The study aimed to predict coronary artery disease by simpler calculation of myocardial count without the use of dynamic data from13 N-ammonia myocardial perfusion positron emission tomography (MP-PET). This study included 40 consecutive patients suspected of ischemic heart disease and 7 healthy controls (34 men and 13 women, 66 ± 12 years)...
March 19, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Juan Francisco Blanco, Marcelo Jiménez, Diego Rendón, David Pescador, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Diego Garbossa, Pedro Berjano
PURPOSE: We present the case of a patient with a giant cell tumor of the thoracic wall that invaded the thoracic spine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A giant cell tumor that affects the spine and the thoracic wall is very rare but can grow to a large size. We report a case of giant cell tumor of the left chest wall extending to the thoracic spine in a 28-year-old man. Positron emission tomography (PET) showed a tumor of 11 × 4 × 13 cm in size and the histopathology specimen of the first surgical procedure diagnosed a giant cell tumor...
March 19, 2018: Der Orthopäde
Makoto Saito, Hajime Senjo, Minoru Kanaya, Koh Izumiyama, Akio Mori, Masanori Tanaka, Masanobu Morioka, Kencho Miyashita, Yusuke Ishida
Duodenal metastasis from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is rare. The current case report presents a very rare case of late duodenal metastasis from RCC with newly developed malignant lymphoma (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: DLBCL) at the same time. A 64-year-old man with systemic lymph nodes swelling who had undergone left nephrectomy for RCC 25 years previously, was admitted to the present hospital. Inguinal lymph node biopsy was performed, leading to a diagnosis of DLBCL. fluorine-18-fluorodeoxy-glucose (18 F-FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) revealed multiple lymph nodes, spleen, and ileocecal lesions...
April 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Brigette Ma, Edwin P Hui, Ann King, Sing F Leung, Michael Km Kam, Frankie Mo, Leung Li, Ki Wang, Herbert Loong, Ashley Wong, Charles Ml Chan, K C Allen Chan, S C Cesar Wong, Y M Dennis Lo, Anthony Tc Chan
BACKGROUND: Plasma Epstein-Barr virus (pEBV) DNA and fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission (PET) reflect tumour burden in advanced NPC. This study hypothesised that a dual endpoint based on assessing pEBV DNA clearance and PET response could predict early drug response. METHODS: Eligible patients underwent a computed tomography (CT) scan and dual PET-CT at baseline, a PET-CT at 4 weeks, and then a CT scan at 10 weeks after starting palliative or induction chemotherapy...
March 20, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
Ken-Ichi Kaneko, Masaaki Tanaka, Akira Ishii, Yumiko Katayama, Takayoshi Nakaoka, Satsuki Irie, Hideki Kawahata, Takashi Yamanaga, Yasuhiro Wada, Takeshi Miyake, Kota Toshimoto, Kazuya Maeda, Yilong Cui, Masaru Enomoto, Etsushi Kawamura, Norifumi Kawada, Joji Kawabe, Susumu Shiomi, Hiroyuki Kusuhara, Yuichi Sugiyama, Yasuyoshi Watanabe
Various positron emission tomography (PET) probes have been developed to assess the in vivo activities of drug transporters in humans, that aid in the prediction of pharmacokinetic properties of drugs and the impact of drug-drug interactions. We developed a new PET probe, [11C ]dehydropravastatin ([11 C]DPV), and demonstrated its usefulness for the quantitative investigation of Oatps/SLCO and Mrp2/ABCC2 in rats. To further analyze the species differences and verify the pharmacokinetic parameters in humans, serial PET scanning of the abdominal region with [11 C]DPV was performed in six healthy volunteers with and without an OATP1Bs and MRP2 inhibitor, rifampicin (600 mg, oral), in a crossover fashion...
March 19, 2018: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Yan Zhang, Hong Li, Yingqin Jia, Pengfei Yang, Feng Zhao, Wei Wang, Wenqing Liu, Guisheng Chen, Xiaoqing Zhuang, Juan Li
BACKGROUD: Vascular calcification is currently recognized as an important pathobiological process in atherosclerosis, but the mechanism remains elusive. Given the similarities in vascular calcification and bone formation,18 F-sodium fluoride (18 F-NaF) is now considered a novel marker of vascular calcification. This study aimed to correlate18 F-NaF accumulation with the histological characterization of vascular calcification in carotid plaques. METHODS: A total of 8 patients who were undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for carotid artery stenosis were recruited...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Julia R Schneider, Deborah R Shatzkes, Stephen C Scharf, Tristan M Tham, Kay O Kulason, François-Alexandre Buteau, Michela Del Prete, Shamik Chakraborty, Todd A Anderson, Saeed Asiry, Jean-Mathieu Beauregard, David J Langer, Peter D Costantino, John A Boockvar
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Olfactory neuroblastoma, also known as esthesioneuroblastoma (ENB), is a malignant neoplasm with an unpredictable behavior. Currently, the widely accepted treatment is inductive chemotherapy, with or without surgery, followed by radiotherapy. Since data on genetics and molecular alterations of ENB are lacking, there is no standard molecularly targeted therapy. However, ENB commonly expresses the somatostatin receptor (SSTR) that is also expressed by neuroendocrine tumors...
March 14, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Rebecca L Barlow, Martin Gorges, Alfie Wearn, Heiko G Niessen, Jan Kassubek, Jeffrey W Dalley, Anton Pekcec
Background: Low dopamine D2/3 receptor availability in the nucleus accumbens (NAcb) shell is associated with highly-impulsive behavior in rats, as measured by premature responses in a cued attentional task. However, it is unclear whether dopamine D2/3 receptor availability in the NAcb is equally linked to intolerance for delayed rewards, a related form of impulsivity. Methods: We investigated the relationship between D2/3 receptor availability in the NAcb and impulsivity in a delay-discounting task (DDT) where animals must choose between immediate small-magnitude rewards and delayed larger-magnitude rewards...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Habiba Hashimi, David T Cooke, Elizabeth A David, Lisa M Brown
Accurate staging for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is essential to guide therapy. While computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET) scan can indicate whether mediastinal lymphadenopathy is present, histologic confirmation is required to complete the staging evaluation. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a minimally invasive technique associated with similar diagnostic yield and improved postoperative pain and complication rates compared to mediastinoscopy...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
Maiko Shibasaki, Toshinori Iwai, Senri Oguri, Toshiyuki Koizumi, Makoto Hirota, Kenji Mitsudo, Yukihiko Ozawa, Iwai Tohnai
Introduction: Although chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has been shown to preserve organ function and improve cosmetic results, site-specific data, especially mandible, are limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictability of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) on response to super-selective intra-arterial CRT for advanced SCC of the mandible. Methods: Fifteen patients with advanced SCC of the mandible underwent super-selective intra-arterial CRT followed by radical resection...
June 2018: Journal of Bone Oncology
Abhilasha Siyag, Tej P Soni, Anil K Gupta, Lalit M Sharma, Naresh Jakhotia, Shantanu Sharma
Plasmacytoma of the skull-base is a rare entity. Differential diagnosis includes chordoma, osteosarcoma, carcinoma nasopharynx, meningioma, metastatic carcinoma, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. Accurate and precise diagnosis is extremely important for plasmacytoma of the skull-base as its treatment and prognosis is different from other skull-base lesions. A 41-year-old man presented with concerns of headache, diplopia, and left eye strabismus. A magnetic resonance image (MRI) of his brain showed a large expansile mass measuring 51 mm involving the clivus and central skull-base...
January 15, 2018: Curēus
Mathieu Verdurand, Elise Levigoureux, Sophie Lancelot, Waël Zeinyeh, Thierry Billard, Isabelle Quadrio, Armand Perret-Liaudet, Luc Zimmer, Fabien Chauveau
The accumulation of aggregated alpha-synuclein ( α -syn) in multiple brain regions is a neuropathological hallmark of synucleinopathies. Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a synucleinopathy characterized by the predominant cerebral accumulation of aggregated α -syn as cytoplasmic glial inclusions (CGI). A premortem diagnosis tool would improve early diagnosis and help monitoring disease progression and therapeutic efficacy. One Positron Emission Tomography (PET) study suggested [11 C]BF-227 as a promising radiotracer for monitoring intracellular α -syn deposition in MSA patients...
2018: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
Francesca Zanderigo, Spiro Pantazatos, Harry Rubin-Falcone, R Todd Ogden, Binod Thapa Chhetry, Gregory Sullivan, Maria Oquendo, Jeffrey M Miller, J John Mann
Serotonin 1A (5-HT1A ) receptors mediate serotonin trophic role in brain neurogenesis. Gray matter volume (GMV) loss and 5-HT1A receptor binding alterations have been identified in major depressive disorder (MDD). Here we investigated the relationship between 5-HT1A receptor binding and GMV in 40 healthy controls (HCs) and, for the first time, 47 antidepressant-free MDD patients using Voxel-Based Morphometry and [11 C]WAY100635 Positron Emission Tomography. Values of GMV and 5-HT1A binding (expressed as BPF , one of the types of binding potentials that refer to displaceable or specific binding that can be quantified in vivo with PET) were obtained in 13 regions of interest, including raphe, and at the voxel level...
March 17, 2018: Brain Structure & Function
Yiqiu Zhang, Beilei Li, Haojun Yu, Jun Hou, Hongcheng Shi
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a form of arthritis that affects the spine, the sacroiliac joints, and sometimes the hips and shoulders. Andersson lesion (AL), was first described by Andersson in 1937 as a destructive vertebral body and discovertebral portion of the spine in AS. In this case, we report a 50 years old man with medical history of AS diagnosed AL by fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18 F-FDG PET/CT).
March 20, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Chao Ma, Jing Lu, Guoqiang Chen, Weixing Wang, Fu Su, Xinhui Su
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is an uncommon neoplasm that has been described in various locations throughout the body, but is rarely observed in systemic lymph nodes. We present a case of a 63 years old woman with left inguinal lymphadenopathy accompanied by low-grade fever. Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18 F-FDG PET/CT) revealed abnormal higher18 F-FDG uptake on the neck, axillar, pulmonary hilar, mediastinal, mesenteric, retroperitoneal, pelvic and inguinal lymph nodes...
March 20, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Chunmeng Chen, Chong Jiang, Lin Li
Retroperitoneal pleomorphic liposarcoma (RPLS) is the least common but the most aggressive subtype of liposarcoma. We herein report a case of tumor embolism (TE) to the inferior vena cava (IVC) and pulmonary arteries in a 54 years old woman with RPLS. The case suggests that fusion fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18 F-FDG PET/CT) can accurately detect occult TE. It also illustrates the usefulness of computed tomography (CT) and high18 F-FDG uptake by PET/CT imaging for diagnosing such findings as filling defect in the veins and beaded pulmonary arteries as TE...
March 20, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Feifei Zhang, Wei Yang, Yuetao Wang, Haipeng Tang, Jianfeng Wang, Xiaoliang Shao, Ziyi Wang, Xiaoying Zhang, Ling Yang, Xiaosong Wang, Weihua Zhou
OBJECTIVE: Left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD) is an important factor in the prognosis of patients with myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of this study is to identify the influencing factors of LVMD in MI patients by radionuclide myocardial imaging. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study consisted of 91 patients who had a history of definite prior MI and underwent both technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile (99m Tc-MIBI) gated single photon emission tomography (SPET) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and18 F-FDG positron emission tomography (PET) myocardial metabolic imaging...
March 20, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Jiao Liu, Baoping Liu, Yanxia Yu, Fangfang Chao, Yan Liu, Xingmin Han
OBJECTIVE: In the follow-up of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), several patients had elevated serum levels of antithyroglobulin antibody (TgAb), undetectable serum thyroglobulin (Tg), and negative radioiodine whole body scan (131 I-WBS). We describe the use of neck ultrasonography (US) and fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18 F-FDG PET/CT) imaging in these patients to investigate this clinically challenging problem and propose treating...
March 20, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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