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ketoacidosis pregnancy

Margarita Rivas M, Pamela Belmar Z, Pilar Durruty A, Lilian Sanhueza M, Gloria López S
Normoglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis should be suspected in pregnant women presenting nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and anorexia. We report a 39 years old woman with a 32 weeks pregnancy who sought emergency care due to hyperemesis. She was hospitalized with the following diagnoses: pregnancy hypertension syndrome, gestational diabetes, morbid obesity and poor prenatal control. The evaluation of the feto-placental unit showed perception of fetal movements, non-reactive non-stress baseline record and a biophysical profile of 6/8...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
Susan M Sereika, Dorothy Becker, Patricia Schmitt, A Blair Powell, Ana Maria Diaz, Andrea F R Fischl, Jennifer Thurheimer-Cacciotti, William H Herman, Denise Charron-Prochownik
OBJECTIVE: Because unplanned pregnancies could cause maternal-fetal complications for women with diabetes, family planning vigilance (FPV) is imperative. The aims of this article are to operationalize and describe FPV and examine the associations among FPV behaviors and diabetes self-care management (DSM) and health outcomes of women with type 1 diabetes (T1D). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Retrospective data were used from a follow-up study of adult women with T1D who participated as adolescents in a preconception counseling (PC) intervention trial and matched comparison women with T1D who did not receive the adolescent PC intervention...
December 2016: Diabetes Care
Vidushi Kulshrestha, Nutan Agarwal
Maternal complications of diabetes in pregnancy include obstetric complications such as pre-eclampsia, preterm labour, polyhydramnios, increased operative delivery and increased infective morbidity. These can be minimized with optimal glycaemic control. Additionally, pregnancies with overt/pregestational diabetes may have diabetes related complications such as hypoglycaemia, worsening of retinopathy, nephropathy and diabetic ketoacidosis. Women with pre-existing diabetic vasculopathy should be managed with multi-disciplinary approach with maternal and foetal surveillance to detect any deterioration...
September 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Vidushi Kulshrestha, Nutan Agarwal
Maternal complications of diabetes in pregnancy include obstetric complications such as pre-eclampsia, preterm labour, polyhydramnios, increased operative delivery and increased infective morbidity. These can be minimized with optimal glycaemic control. Additionally, pregnancies with overt/pregestational diabetes may have diabetes related complications such as hypoglycaemia, worsening of retinopathy, nephropathy and diabetic ketoacidosis. Women with pre-existing diabetic vasculopathy should be managed with multi-disciplinary approach with maternal and foetal surveillance to detect any deterioration...
September 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Charlotte J Frise, Anna Ashcroft, Bryony A Jones, Lucy Mackillop
Non-diabetic ketoacidosis is increasingly recognised in pregnancy, particularly during the third trimester, and is usually associated with vomiting. In many cases, the cause of the vomiting is not identified and resolves rapidly, alongside the metabolic abnormalities, following delivery. Here, we report three cases in which pancreatitis was identified as an underlying cause of the gastrointestinal symptoms. To our knowledge, these are the first reports of pancreatitis precipitating non-diabetic ketoacidosis in pregnancy...
June 2016: Obstetric Medicine
Charlotte Frise, Ben Attwood, Peter Watkinson, Lucy Mackillop
Pregnancy is an insulin resistant state. Hyperglycaemia and gestational diabetes mellitus are well-recognised complications even in women without existing metabolic syndrome or obesity. Pregnant women also appear to be more vulnerable to ketoacidosis, particularly after short periods of reduced oral intake in the third trimester, and may present with very severe starvation ketoacidosis, prompting emergent delivery. We present a case of a woman with a background of depression and psychotic episodes. Olanzapine had been commenced after a psychotic episode at 20 weeks' gestation...
March 2016: Obstetric Medicine
Shoko Furukawa, Kazuya Fujihara, Ryo Kumagai, Momoko Isono, Hiroaki Yagyu
The patient was a 25-year-old woman whose paternal family was Japanese, maternal grandfather was Filipino, and maternal grandmother was Chinese. Eleven days after delivery, she presented with excessive thirst and disturbed consciousness due to diabetic ketoacidosis. She was diagnosed as having fulminant type 1 diabetes associated with pregnancy (PF). The antibody concentration against glutamic acid decarboxylase was 1.2 (<1.5) U/mL, and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II haplotypes were DRB1*04:10-DQB1*03:02 and DRB1*15:02-DQB1*05:01...
2016: Internal Medicine
Kuang-Yu Wei, Shan-Yueh Chang, Sheng-Huei Wang, Her-Young Su, Chen-Liang Tsai
Life-threatening refractory metabolic acidosis due to starvation ketoacidosis is rarely reported, even among nondiabetic pregnant women, and may be overlooked. Furthermore, stressful situations may increase the acidosis severity.In the present case, a nondiabetic multiparous woman was admitted for a near-fatal asthma attack and vomiting during the third trimester of pregnancy. She was intubated and rapidly developed high anion gap metabolic acidosis. We diagnosed the patient with starvation ketoacidosis based on vomiting with concomitant periods of stress during pregnancy and the absence of other causes of high anion gap metabolic acidosis...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Cristian Palmiere, Camilla Tettamanti, Marc Augsburger, Sandra Burkhardt, Sara Sabatasso, Christelle Lardi, Dominique Werner
Significantly increased blood ketone body levels can be occasionally observed in the forensic setting in situations other than exposure to cold, diabetic or alcoholic ketoacidosis. Though infrequent, these cases do occur and deserve thorough evaluation in order to establish appropriate differential diagnoses and quantify the role that hyperketonemia may play in the death process. Starvation ketoacidosis is a rare cause of metabolic acidosis and is a phenomenon that occurs normally during fasting, as the body switches from carbohydrate to lipid energy sources...
August 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Anar Modi, Abhinav Agrawal, Farah Morgan
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is one of the most serious complications of diabetes. It is characterised by the triad of hyperglycemia (blood sugar >250 mg/dl), metabolic acidosis (arterial pH <7.3 and serum bicarbonate <18 mEq/L) and ketosis. Rarely these patients can present with blood glucose (BG) levels of less than 200 mg/dl, which is defined as euglycemic DKA. The possible etiology of euglycemic DKA includes the recent use of insulin, decreased caloric intake, heavy alcohol consumption, chronic liver disease and glycogen storage disorders...
April 21, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
Marietta Stadler, Sandra Zlamal-Fortunat, Ingrid Schütz-Fuhrmann, Birgit Rami-Merhar, Elke Fröhlich-Reiterer, Sabine Hofer, Julia Mader, Michael Resl, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Raimund Weitgasser, Rudolf Prager, Martin Bischof
This position statement is based on the current evidence available on the safety and benefits of continuous subcutaneous insulin pump therapy (CSII) in diabetes with an emphasis on the effects of CSII on glycemic control, hypoglycaemia rates, occurrence of ketoacidosis, quality of life and the use of insulin pump therapy in pregnancy. The current article represents the recommendations of the Austrian Diabetes Association for the clinical praxis of insulin pump treatment in children, adolescents and adults.
April 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Gómez-Ríos Má, Gómez-Ríos D, Paech Mj, Diéguez-Fernández M
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Sarit Polsky, Dominique Giordano, Mary K Voelmle, Rachel Garcetti, Satish K Garg
The prevalence of diabetes is increasing globally. Technology to improve care among individuals with diabetes is constantly being developed. Women living with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) have unique challenges affecting their glucose control relating to menstrual cycles, pregnancy, and menopause. The purpose of this review is to examine the literature related to the use of technology to help women with T1DM manage their diabetes during the reproductive years, pregnancy, and beyond. Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) therapy can provider equivalent or better glucose control when compared with multiple daily injections (MDI), with less hypoglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, and weight gain...
May 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
Ziqiang Zhu, Hui Chen, Rupinder Gill, Jenchin Wang, Samuel Spitalewitz, Vladimir Gotlieb
BACKGROUND: Non-Shiga toxin-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome is known to be caused by dysregulation of the alternative complement pathway. Infections, drugs, pregnancy, bone marrow transplantation, malignancy, and autoimmune disorders have all been reported to trigger episodes of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome. To the best of our knowledge, there have been no previous reports of an association between diabetic ketoacidosis and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of a 26-year-old Spanish man who presented with diabetic ketoacidosis and was found to have the triad of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute kidney injury...
February 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Yohei Maki, Seishi Furukawa, Yuki Kodama, Kaeko Sumiyoshi, Emi Kino, Hiroshi Sameshima
Helicobacter cinaedi is a rare pathogen but known to cause bacteremia, cellulitis and enterocolitis. Recently, cases of involving various organs are increasingly reported such as endocarditis, meningitis, and kidney cyst infection. We report a case of intrauterine H. cinaedi infection leading preterm birth and neonatal sepsis. A 29-year-old pregnant women who was no underlying disease hospitalized due to threatened preterm labor at 22 weeks of gestation. Clinical findings showed uterine tenderness, fever, leukocytosis and elevated C-reactive protein...
June 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Maria Grazia Dalfrà, Silvia Burlina, Giovanni Sartore, Annunziata Lapolla
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious medical and obstetrical emergency previously considered typical of type 1 diabetes but now reported also in type 2 and GDM patients. Although it is a fairly rare condition, DKA in pregnancy can compromise both fetus and mother. Metabolic changes occurring during pregnancy predispose to DKA in fact it can develop even in setting of normoglycemia. This article will provide the reader with information regarding the pathophysiology underlying DKA, in particular euglycemic DKA, and will provide information regarding all possible effects of ketones on the fetus...
September 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Diego E Gomez, Shikha Kuthiala, Hai L Liu, Daniel L Durosier, Mingju Cao, Patrick Burns, André Desrochers, Gilles Fecteau, Martin G Frasch
Ketoacidosis during pregnancy carries significant risk of intrauterine fetal demise, but little is known about the impact of ketoacids on the ovine fetus. We report a case series of maternal ketoacidosis in ewes. Maternal ketoacidosis may result in biochemical and acid-base fetal abnormalities associated with changes in feto-placental unit perfusion.
August 2015: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Elizabeth Osei, Susanne Fonville, Adrienne A M Zandbergen, Paul J A M Brouwers, Laus J M M Mulder, Hester F Lingsma, Diederik W J Dippel, Peter J Koudstaal, Heleen M den Hertog
BACKGROUND: Impaired glucose tolerance is present in one third of patients with a TIA or ischemic stroke and is associated with a two-fold risk of recurrent stroke. Metformin improves glucose tolerance, but often leads to side effects. The aim of this study is to explore the feasibility, safety, and effects on glucose metabolism of metformin and sitagliptin in patients with TIA or minor ischemic stroke and impaired glucose tolerance. We will also assess whether a slow increase in metformin dose and better support and information on this treatment will reduce the incidence of side effects in these patients...
2015: Trials
Kalpalatha K Guntupalli, Dilip R Karnad, Venkata Bandi, Nicole Hall, Michael Belfort
The first of this two-part series on critical illness in pregnancy dealt with obstetric disorders. In Part II, medical conditions that commonly affect pregnant women or worsen during pregnancy are discussed. ARDS occurs more frequently in pregnancy. Strategies commonly used in nonpregnant patients, including permissive hypercapnia, limits for plateau pressure, and prone positioning, may not be acceptable, especially in late pregnancy. Genital tract infections unique to pregnancy include chorioamnionitis, group A streptococcal infection causing toxic shock syndrome, and polymicrobial infection with streptococci, staphylococci, and Clostridium perfringens causing necrotizing vulvitis or fasciitis...
November 2015: Chest
Rozalyn Love, Amy Lee, April Matiasek, William Carter, Marissa Ylagan
Introduction Encephalomalacia in a developing fetus is a rare and devastating neurological finding on radiologic imaging. Maternal diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) can lead to metabolic and vascular derangements which can cause fetal encephalomalacia. Case We report the case of a 27-year-old pregnant woman with White's Class C diabetes mellitus who presented in the 25th week of gestation with DKA. Four weeks after her discharge, marked fetal cerebral ventriculomegaly was noted on ultrasound. A subsequent fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated extensive, symmetric cystic encephalomalacia, primarily involving both cerebral hemispheres...
November 2014: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
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