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Yuan Ying Ma, Louise L Wallace, Li Qian Qiu, Joanna Kosmala-Anderson, Naomi Bartle
BACKGROUND: Despite almost all babies being breastfed initially, the exclusive breastfeeding rate at six months is less than 30% in China. Improving professionals' knowledge and practical skill is a key government strategy to increase breastfeeding rates. This study aimed to test the effectiveness of a breastfeeding DVD training method for clinicians on improving their knowledge and confidence in the breastfeeding support skills of teaching mothers Positioning and Attachment (P & A) and Hand Expression (HE)...
March 27, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Sneha Lingam, Padmaja Rani, Sethu Sheeladevi, Vimala Kotapati, Taraprasad Das
INTRODUCTION: To report the results of a knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) study related to diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension and diabetic retinopathy (DR) of patient populations in India at different levels (Tertiary (T), Secondary (S) and Primary (P)) of a pyramidal model of eye health care. METHODS: In total, 202 participants, composed of equal numbers of diabetic and non-diabetic patients at a Tertiary urban facility (T), a Secondary rural facility (S) and a Primary (P) community-screening program, were surveyed on their knowledge, knowledge sources, attitudes, practices and factors that motivate use of eye health services...
February 2018: Rural and Remote Health
Y Zhou, J Tan, S Jiang, K Albuquerque, X Jia
PURPOSE: High dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy treatment planning is conventionally performed in a manual fashion. Yet it is highly desirable to perform computerized automated planning to improve treatment planning efficiency, eliminate human errors, and reduce plan quality variation. The goal of this research is to develop an automatic treatment planning tool for HDR brachytherapy with a cylinder applicator for vaginal cancer. METHODS: After inserting the cylinder applicator into the patient, a CT scan was acquired and was loaded to an in-house developed treatment planning software...
June 2016: Medical Physics
J Kelly Graves, Christopher Hodge, Eufemia Jacob
The relationships among depression, anxiety, and quality of life were tested, as were the effects of age, gender, and pain frequency on these variables in children (n = 44) and adolescents (n = 31) with sickle cell disease. Participants completed the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (ROADS) and the Pediatric Quality of Life (PedQL Generic Model). The mean and standard deviation for summary RCADS scores for the majority of participants were below the clinical thresholds of T < 65, indicating low risk for depression (n = 65; 89...
May 2016: Pediatric Nursing
Lilian C Hsiao, Patrick S Doyle
We report the coexistence of stress-bearing percolation with arrested phase separation in a colloidal system of thermoresponsive nanoemulsions spanning a broad range of volume fractions (0.10 ≤ ϕ ≤ 0.33) and temperatures (22 °C ≤ T ≤ 65 °C). Here, gelation is driven by short-range interdroplet polymer bridging at elevated temperatures. Direct visualization of the gel microstructure shows that nanoemulsions undergo a homogenous percolation transition prior to phase separation. Rheological characterization shows that both the percolated and the phase separated structures are capable of supporting a significant amount of elastic stress...
November 21, 2015: Soft Matter
Marijke J Mullender-Wijnsma, Esther Hartman, Johannes W de Greeff, Roel J Bosker, Simone Doolaard, Chris Visscher
BACKGROUND: Integration of physical active academic lessons in the school curriculum may be an innovative way to improve academic outcomes. This study examined the effect of physically active academic lessons (Fit en Vaardig op school) on academic engagement of socially disadvantaged children and children without this disadvantage. In addition, the relationship between lesson time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity and academic engagement was examined. METHODS: From four elementary schools, 86 children who participated in the 22-weeks intervention were recruited (23 socially disadvantaged children)...
2015: BMC Public Health
Lan Cao, Na Wang, Jian Pan, Guixiong Gu, Shaoyan Hu, Wenli Zhao, Yihuan Chai
OBJECTIVE: To study the expression level and CpG island methylation status of miR-34b in leukemia cell lines and to research the effect of DNA methylation on the proliferation of leukemia cells regulated by miR-34b. METHOD: Taqman real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was carried out to detect the relative expression of miR-34b in control group (bone marrow cells of 20 children without blood disease) and 8 leukemia cell lines (U937, HL-60, MV4-11, M2R, K562, Raji, CCRF, DAMI)...
November 2014: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Ziye Meng, Shihong Jiang, Xiaoqin Chen, Chaoliang Lei
In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome of a fungus-growing termite, Macrotermes natalensis, with the total length of 16,325 bp, is reported for the first time. This mtgenome harbors 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, and 1 control region (D-loop). The total base composition is 44.1% of A, 21.5% of T, 11.5% of G, and 22.9% of C, so the percentage of A and T (65.6%) is much higher than that of G and C. Most of the genes are distributed on H-strand, except for four subunit genes (ND1, ND4, ND4L, ND5) and eight tRNA genes...
May 2016: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Leslie Rescorla, Young Ah Kim, Kyung Ja Oh
To test the Child Behavior Checklist's (CBCL/1½-5) ability to screen for autism spectrum disorders (ASD), we studied Korean preschoolers: 46 with ASD, 111 with developmental delay (DD), 71 with other psychiatric disorders (OPD), and 228 non-referred (NR). The ASD group scored significantly higher than the other groups on the Withdrawn and DSM-Pervasive Developmental Problems (DSM-PDP) scales as well as attaining higher scores (p < .001) on seven items reflecting ASD. With a T ≥ 65 cutpoint on the DSM-PDP scale, sensitivity was 80 % for identifying ASD relative to the other three groups, but specificity varied across groups: NR = 87 %, OPD = 55 %, DD = 60 %, replicating in a non-Western sample results from previous studies...
December 2015: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Jianxin Zhu, Yue Wang, Jian Pang, Bo Lü, Chongxin Huang, Peng Hao, Bo Tan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the total hip arthroplasty (THA) for severe development dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in adults. METHODS: Between July 2007 and January 2013, 25 patients (27 hips) with severe DDH underwent THA with cementless prosthesis. There were 10 males (11 hips) and 15 females (16 hips) with an average age of 38.6 years (range, 21-57 years). The left hip was involved in 10 cases, the right hip in 13 cases, and bilateral hips in 2 cases...
March 2014: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Xiao Chen, Weiming Ai, Dan Xiang, Xiaofang Shi, Lianghao Pan
The wavyband sole Pseudaesopia japonica is the only known member of the genus Pseudaesopia. In this study, we firstly determined the complete mitochondrial genome of P. japonica. It is 16,789 bp in length and contains two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes, 13 protein-coding genes and one putative control region with the typical gene order and transcriptional direction in vertebrates. The overall base composition of mitogenome in P. japonica is 28.4% A, 30.3% C, 15.6% G and 25.7% T. Two start codons (ATG and GTG) and four stop codons (AGA, AGG, TAG and TAA) were found in 13 protein-coding genes...
2016: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Xiuyu Yi, Caishun Zhang, Song Guo, Jie Ma, Jianzhang Zhao
Three different coumarin chromophores were used to prepare the Ir(III) complexes, i.e. coumarin 6 (Ir-1), 7-diethylamino coumarin (Ir-2) and x-phenyl-y-diethylamino coumarin (Ir-3). Ir(ppy)2(bpy)[PF6] was used as the reference complex (Ir-0). The coumarin units were connected to the coordination center of the complexes by using a C≡C π-conjugation bond. The photophysical properties of the complexes were studied with steady state and time-resolved absorption and luminescence spectroscopy, low-temperature luminescence (77 K), as well as DFT calculations...
January 28, 2014: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Pathmawathi Subramanian, Kee Leong Choy, Suresh Venu Gobal, Marzida Mansor, Kwan Hoong Ng
INTRODUCTION: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common risk among critically ill ventilated patients. This study aimed to investigate the effects of nurse-led education on: (a) knowledge of and compliance with ventilator care bundle (VCB) practices among intensive care unit (ICU) nurses; and (b) reduction in the rates of VAP post intervention. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest evaluation and observation was used to investigate nurses' knowledge of and compliance with VCB practices, and the incidence of VAP...
May 2013: Singapore Medical Journal
Eun-Ji Won, Jae-Sung Rhee, Kyung-Hoon Shin, Jae-Seong Lee
The main components of the mitochondrial genome of the marine polychaete, Perinereis nuntia, were initially obtained from the assembled expressed sequence tags by GS-FLX sequencer. After several cycles of polymerase chain reaction with genomic DNA, the complete mitochondrial genome of P. nuntia was obtained with 15,817 bp in length including 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two rRNA genes, and 22 tRNA genes with the same contents and order as shown in previous studies on other annelids. Some PCGs shared nucleotides with neighboring genes, and all 13 PCGs started with ATG as a start codon...
August 2013: Mitochondrial DNA
Eddy De Grave, Geraldo Magela da Costa, Antoine Van Alboom, Robert Emile Vandenberghe
The heterosite phase occurring in a pegmatitic rock sample was characterized by X-ray diffraction, by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and by Mössbauer spectroscopy. The orthorhombic unit-cell parameters, expressed in Å, were found as a=9.733 (1), b=5.837 (1) and c=4.776 (1). The composition was determined to be (Fe(0.54)Mn(0.43)Mg(0.04))PO(4). Mössbauer spectra recorded at temperatures T of 65 K and higher consist of two broadened quadrupole doublets. Their isomer shifts δ are both diagnostic for the ferric state...
January 1, 2013: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
John Resendes, Len Lecci
MMPI-2 scores from a parent competency sample (N = 136 parents) are compared with a previously published data set of MMPI-2 scores for child custody litigants (N = 508 parents; Bathurst et al., 1997). Independent samples t tests yielded significant and in some cases substantial differences on the standard MMPI-2 clinical scales (especially Scales 4, 8, 2, and 0), with the competency sample obtaining higher clinical scores as well as higher scores on F, FB, VRIN, TRIN, and L, but lower scores on K, relative to the custody sample...
December 2012: Psychological Assessment
Hangsak Huy, Long Jin, Young-Ki Lee, Keun Chul Lee, Jung-Sook Lee, Jung-Hoon Yoon, Chi-Yong Ahn, Hee-Mock Oh
A gram-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming and rod-shaped bacterial strain, CH15-1(T), was isolated from a sediment sample taken from Daechung Reservoir, South Korea, during the late-blooming period of cyanobacteria. Strain CH15-1(T) grew optimally at pH 7.0 and 30 °C. A phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences confirmed that strain CH15-1(T) belongs to the genus Arenimonas with the similarity range from 92.6-97.4 % and is closely related to Arenimonas oryziterrae YC6267(T) (97.4 %), Arenimonas composti TR7-09(T) (95...
February 2013: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Nicole M Hijnen, Edwin Heijman, Max O Köhler, Mika Ylihautala, Gösta J Ehnholm, Arjan W Simonetti, Holger Grüll
PURPOSE: We report on the design, performance, and specifications of a dedicated set-up for the treatment of rats on a clinical magnetic resonance high intensity focused ultrasound (MR-HIFU) system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The small animal HIFU-compatible 4-channel MR receiver volume coil and animal support were designed as add-on to a clinical 3T Philips Sonalleve MR-HIFU system. Prolonged hyperthermia (T ≈ 42°C, 15 min) and thermal ablation (T = 65°C) was performed in vivo on subcutaneous rat tumours using 1...
2012: International Journal of Hyperthermia
Zdenek Turek, Christian Lehmann, Renata Parizkova, Jindrich Samek, Milan Kaska, Vladimir Cerny
This study aimed to investigate the effects of intravenous anesthetics on hepatosplanchnic microcirculation in laparotomized mechanically ventilated rats using Sidestream Dark-field (SDF) imaging. Thirty male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups (n = 6 each). All rats were initially anesthetized with 60 mg/kg pentobarbital (i.p.) for instrumentation. This was followed by either ketamine, propofol, thiopental, midazolam or saline+fentanyl (iv bolus over 5 min and then maintenance over 90 min). SDF imaging of the liver and distal ileum microcirculation was performed at the baseline and at t = 5, 35, 65 and 95 min...
2012: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
S Ückert, L Soyk, M Trottmann, C G Stief, M A Kuczyk, A J Becker
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) has been shown to induce contraction of isolated human penile erectile tissue and potentiate the response to noradrenaline. The purpose of our study was to measure in the cavernous and systemic blood of healthy male volunteers the course of NPY through different stages of sexual arousal. Whole blood was drawn simultaneously from the corpus cavernosum and the cubital vein of 16 healthy male volunteers during penile flaccidity, tumescence, rigidity and detumescence. Tumescence and erection were induced by applying audiovisual and tactile stimulation...
May 2012: Andrologia
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