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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087333/nicotinamide-nucleotide-transhydrogenase-activity-impacts-mitochondrial-redox-balance-and-the-development-of-hypertension-in-mice
#1
Igor Leskov, Amber Neville, Xinggui Shen, Sibile Pardue, Christopher G Kevil, D Neil Granger, David M Krzywanski
Oxidant stress contributes to the initiation and progression of hypertension (HTN) by enhancing endothelial dysfunction and/or causing perturbations in nitric oxide homeostasis. Differences in mitochondrial function may augment this process and provide insight into why age of onset and clinical outcomes differ among individuals from distinct ethnic groups. We have previously demonstrated that variation in normal mitochondrial function and oxidant production exists in endothelial cells from individuals of Caucasian and African-American ethnicity and that this variation contributes to endothelial dysfunction...
December 16, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078350/efficacy-and-safety-of-extended-thromboprophylaxis-for-medically-ill-patients-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#2
Francesco Dentali, Nicola Mumoli, Domenico Prisco, Andrea Fontanella, Matteo Nicola Dario Di Minno
Compelling evidence suggests that the risk of pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) persists after hospital discharge in acutely-ill medical patients. However, no studies consistently supported the routine use of extended-duration thromboprophylaxis (ET) in this setting. We performed a meta-analysis to assess efficacy and safety of ET in acutely-ill medical patients. Efficacy outcome was defined by the prevention of symptomatic DVT, PE, venous thromboembolism (VTE) and VTE-related mortality...
January 12, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076735/reducing-medication-errors-in-hospital-discharge-summaries-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Erica Y Tong, Cristina P Roman, Biswadev Mitra, Gary S Yip, Harry Gibbs, Harvey H Newnham, De Villiers Smit, Kirsten Galbraith, Michael J Dooley
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether pharmacists completing the medication management plan in the medical discharge summary reduced the rate of medication errors in these summaries. DESIGN: Unblinded, cluster randomised, controlled investigation of medication management plans for patients discharged after an inpatient stay in a general medical unit. SETTING: The Alfred Hospital, an adult major referral hospital in metropolitan Melbourne, with an annual emergency department attendance of about 60000 patients...
January 16, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069650/evidence-to-support-continuation-of-statin-therapy-in-patients-with-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia
#4
Aisling R Caffrey, Tristan T Timbrook, Eunsun Noh, George Sakoulas, Steven M Opal, Victor Nizet, Kerry L LaPlante
In addition to cholesterol lowering capabilities, statins possess antiinflammatory and immunomodulatory effects. We sought to quantify the real-world impact of different statin exposure patterns on clinical outcomes in Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. We conducted a retrospective cohort study among hospitalized patients with positive S. aureus blood cultures receiving appropriate antibiotics within 48 hours of culture collection (Veterans Affairs hospitals, 2002-2013). Three statin exposure groups were compared to non-users: pretreated statin users initiating therapy in the 30 days prior to culture and either (1) continuing statin therapy after culture, or (2) not continuing after culture, and (3) de novo users initiating at culture...
January 9, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044434/quantitative-proteomics-reveals-eva1a-related-proteins-involved-in-neuronal-differentiation
#5
Lijun Zhong, Juntuo Zhou, Xi Chen, Jiao Liu, Zhen Liu, Yingyu Chen, Yun Bai
EVA1A is an autophagy-related protein, which plays an important role in embryonic neurogenesis. In this study, we found that loss of EVA1A could decrease neural differentiation in the brain of adult Eva1a(-/-) mice. To determine the mechanism underlying this phenotype, we performed label-free quantitative proteomics and bioinformatics analysis using the brains of Eva1a(-/-) and wild type mice. We identified 11 proteins that were up-regulated and 17 that were down-regulated in the brains of the knockout mice compared to the wild-type counterparts...
January 3, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043323/antiviral-medications-in-seasonal-and-pandemic-influenza
#6
Regine Lehnert, Mathias Pletz, Annicka Reuss, Tom Schaberg
BACKGROUND: Amantadine, oseltamivir, and zanamivir are currently available in Germany for the prevention and treatment of influenza. We review their efficacy and side-effect profiles. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent randomized and controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews retrieved by a systematic literature search, and on other relevant literature. RESULTS: The efficacy of antiviral drugs for the prevention of symptomatic influenza ranges from 60% to 90% (number needed to treat [NNT], 8-89) depending on the population and type of drug in question...
November 25, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041830/luteal-phase-hcg-support-for-unexplained-recurrent-pregnancy-loss-a-low-hanging-fruit
#7
Chelsea Fox, Denise Azores-Gococo, Linda Swart, Kristin Holoch, Ricardo F Savaris, Creighton E Likes, Paul B Miller, David A Forstein, Bruce A Lessey
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is defined by two or more failed pregnancies and accounts for only 1-5% of pregnancy failures. Treatment options for unexplained RPL (uRPL) are limited. Previous studies suggest a link between delayed implantation and pregnancy loss. Based on this, a timely signal for rescue of the corpus luteum (CL) using human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) could improve outcomes in women with uRPL. This retrospective cohort study included 98 subjects with uRPL: 45 underwent 135 monitored cycles without HCG support; and 53 underwent 142 cycles with a single mid-luteal HCG injection...
December 21, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025382/mortality-reduction-by-post-dilution-online-haemodiafiltration-a-cause-specific-analysis
#8
Menso J Nubé, Sanne A E Peters, Peter J Blankestijn, Bernard Canaud, Andrew Davenport, Muriel P C Grooteman, Gulay Asci, Francesco Locatelli, Francisco Maduell, Marion Morena, Ercan Ok, Ferran Torres, Michiel L Bots
BACKGROUND: From an individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis from four randomized controlled trials comparing haemodialysis (HD) with post-dilution online-haemodiafiltration (ol-HDF), previously it appeared that HDF decreases all-cause mortality by 14% (95% confidence interval 25; 1) and fatal cardiovascular disease (CVD) by 23% (39; 3). Significant differences were not found for fatal infections and sudden death. So far, it is unclear, however, whether the reduced mortality risk of HDF is only due to a decrease in CVD events and if so, which CVD in particular is prevented, if compared with HD...
December 26, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007033/efficacy-of-therapeutic-suggestions-under-general-anesthesia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Jenny Rosendahl, Susan Koranyi, Davina Jacob, Nina Zech, Ernil Hansen
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia does not block central nervous processing of auditive information. Therefore, positive suggestions even given during surgery might have the potential to encourage well-being and recovery of patients. Aim of this review was to summarize the evidence on the efficacy of therapeutic suggestions under general anesthesia in adults undergoing surgery compared to an attention control (i.e. white noise). METHODS: We included randomized controlled trials that investigated therapeutic suggestions presented during general anesthesia to adult patients undergoing surgery or medical procedures...
December 22, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976492/h1-antihistamines-reduce-progression-to-anaphylaxis-among-emergency-department-patients-with-allergic-reactions
#10
T Kawano, F X Scheuermeyer, K Gibo, R Stenstrom, B Rowe, E Grafstein, B Grunau
OBJECTIVES: H1-antihistamines (H1a) can be used to treat ED patients with allergic reactions; however, this is inconsistently done, likely as there is no evidence that this therapy has an impact on serious outcomes. Among emergency department (ED) patients initially presenting with allergic reactions, we investigated whether H1a were associated with lower rates of progression to anaphylaxis. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at two urban Canadian EDs from April 1, 2007 to March 31, 2012...
December 15, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969003/parents-in-prevention-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-of-parenting-interventions-to-prevent-internalizing-problems-in-children-from-birth-to-age-18
#11
REVIEW
Marie B H Yap, Amy J Morgan, Kathryn Cairns, Anthony F Jorm, Sarah E Hetrick, Sally Merry
PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH: Burgeoning evidence that modifiable parental factors can influence children's and adolescents' risk for depression and anxiety indicates that parents can play a crucial role in prevention of these disorders in their children. However, it remains unclear whether preventive interventions that are directed primarily at the parent (i.e. where the parent receives more than half of the intervention) are effective in reducing child internalizing (including both depression and anxiety) problems in the longer term...
October 21, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966450/upregulated-nnt-as1-a-long-noncoding-rna-contributes-to-proliferation-and-migration-of-colorectal-cancer-cells-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#12
Qian Wang, Lei Yang, Xin Hu, Yuliang Jiang, Yizhang Hu, Zhe Liu, Jian Liu, Tao Wen, Yingmin Ma, Guangyu An, Guosheng Feng
The expression patterns of the long non-coding RNA Nicotinamide Nucleotide Transhydrogenase-antisense RNA1 (NNT-AS1) have not been investigated in the context of cancer. In this study, we aim to investigate the NNT-AS1 expression level in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients and its potential roles in tumor biology. We measured the expression of NNT-AS1 in 70 paired tumor tissues and adjacent normal tissues. NNT-AS1 was expressed higher in tumor tissues than that in adjacent noncancer tissues, and higher expression of NNT-AS1 was significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis (Yes vs...
December 9, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943404/the-prevalence-of-alk-rearrangement-in-pulmonary-adenocarcinomas-in-an-unselected-caucasian-population-from-a-defined-catchment-area-impact-of-smoking
#13
B G Skov, P Clementsen, K R Larsen, J B Sørensen, A Mellemgaard
AIMS: To assess the prevalence of EML4-ALK rearrangement gene measured by immunohistochemistry in an unselected population-based consecutive cohort of patients with adenocarcinoma of the lung (ACL), and the correlation with smoking history, TTF1, gender, and age. METHODS AND RESULTS: All patients diagnosed in the population of the greater Copenhagen area were included, irrespective of gender, age, smoking habits, stage, or type of available diagnostic material. Tumours were stained with immunohistochemistry (clone 5A4)...
December 10, 2016: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941528/efficacy-of-the-treatments-used-in-multiple-sclerosis-from-meta-analysis-to-number-needed-to-treat
#14
Antonio J García-Ruiz, Guillermo Izquierdo-Ayuso, Guillermo Navarro-Mascarell, Ana C Montesinos-Gálvez, Francisco Martos-Crespo, Francisco Jódar-Sánchez, Manuel Correa, Nuria García-Agua Soler
: The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy of drugs used in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, first- and second-line drugs, using the number needed to treat (NNT) as a measure of efficacy. METHODS: Data from randomized clinical trials were analyzed for 3 categories of clinical efficacy outcomes: relapse, change in Expanded Disability Status Scale, and number of new lesions in magnetic resonance imaging. Meta-analysis results are expressed as odds ratios...
January 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933630/comparison-of-cartilage-with-temporalis-fascia-tympanoplasty-a-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#15
REVIEW
Mir Mohammad Jalali, Masoud Motasaddi, Ali Kouhi, Sasan Dabiri, Robabeh Soleimani
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the results of type 1 tympanoplasty with temporalis fascia (TF) versus cartilage in patients with chronic otitis media (COM) for graft integration and hearing improvement. DATA SOURCES: The English language literature (until June 1, 2016) was searched, using Medline (via PubMed), Scopus, ProQuest, Ovid, Cochrane database, and Google Scholar. REVIEW METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed...
December 9, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931702/peripheral-nerve-blocks-causing-increased-risk-for-fall-and-difficulty-in-ambulation-for-the-hip-and-knee-joint-replacement-patient
#16
Bonnie L Crumley Aybar, Michael J Gillespie, Sean F Gipson, Caitlin E Mullaney, Melissa Tommasino-Storz
A systematic review of the literature was completed by the Evidence-Based Practice Group for the Patient population, Intervention/Issue, Comparison Intervention, Outcomes, Timing (PICOT) question: "Does the use of a peripheral nerve block increase the risk for falls and difficulty ambulation in patients after lower extremity surgery through postoperative day 2?" A search of multiple databases using specified key terms resulted in 258 articles for total knee arthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty. These were reduced to 13 with exclusion criteria and became primary evidence...
December 2016: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919491/comparing-outcomes-from-clinical-studies-of-oral-disease-modifying-therapies-dimethyl-fumarate-fingolimod-and-teriflunomide-in-relapsing-ms-assessing-absolute-differences-using-a-number-needed-to-treat-analysis
#17
Mark S Freedman, Xavier Montalban, Aaron E Miller, Catherine Dive-Pouletty, Steven Hass, Karthinathan Thangavelu, Thomas P Leist
Dimethyl fumarate (DMF), fingolimod, and teriflunomide are oral disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) indicated for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Despite well-established limitations of cross-trial comparisons, DMTs are still frequently compared in terms of relative reductions in specific endpoints, most commonly annualized relapse rate. Consideration of absolute risk reduction and number needed to treat (NNT) provides an alternative approach to assess the magnitude of treatment effect and can provide valuable additional information on therapeutic gain...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919355/model-observational-bridging-study-on-the-effectiveness-of-ezetimibe-on-cardiovascular-morbidity-and-mortality-in-france-a-population-based-study
#18
Jean Ferrières, Jean Dallongeville, Michel Rossignol, Jacques Bénichou, J Jaime Caro, Denis Getsios, Luis Hernandez, Lucien Abenhaim, Lamiae Grimaldi-Bensouda
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the real-life impact of ezetimibe on cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in France. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the number of non-fatal and fatal CV events that could be prevented and corresponding number of patients needed to treat (NNT) with ezetimibe to prevent one CV event over 5 years. METHODS: Non-interventional 48-month follow-up cohort conducted in hypercholesterolemic patients starting on ezetimibe <3 months at study entry, either as monotherapy or combined with statins...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918754/interventions-to-improve-rates-of-successful-extubation-in-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Kristin N Ferguson, Calum T Roberts, Brett J Manley, Peter G Davis
Importance: Clinicians aim to extubate preterm infants as early as possible, to minimize the risks of mechanical ventilation. Extubation is often unsuccessful owing to lung disease or inadequate respiratory drive. Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of interventions to improve rates of successful extubation in preterm infants. Data Sources: Searches were undertaken in PubMed and The Cochrane Library. Study Selection: The review was conducted using the methods of the Cochrane Collaboration and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
December 5, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913558/providing-additional-information-about-the-benefits-of-statins-in-a-leaflet-for-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-a-qualitative-study-of-the-impact-on-attitudes-and-beliefs
#20
Rebecca Dickinson, David K Raynor, Peter Knapp, Jan MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of providing additional information about the potential benefits of simvastatin in a patient leaflet on attitudes and beliefs. DESIGN: Interview-based study using a generic qualitative approach and framework analysis. PARTICIPANTS: 21 participants receiving a prescription for simvastatin were recruited from a general practitioner practice (from a total of 120). 8 participants were women; the age range was 55-92...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
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