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anti-obesity AND diabetes mellitus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227039/mid-term-results-of-bariatric-surgery-in-morbidly-obese-japanese-patients-with-slow-progressive-autoimmune-diabetes
#1
Kohei Uno, Yosuke Seki, Kazunori Kasama, Kotaro Wakamatsu, Kenkichi Hashimoto, Akiko Umezawa, Katsuhiko Yanaga, Yoshimochi Kurokawa
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery is recognized as an effective treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus, but data on its efficacy for type 1 diabetes mellitus, especially slowly progressive insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, are limited. METHODS: We investigated five Japanese patients with slowly progressive insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus who underwent bariatric surgery at our center. RESULTS: Five morbidly obese glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody-positive diabetic patients underwent two different types of bariatric surgery...
December 11, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216336/managing-diabetic-kidney-disease
#2
Sagen Zac-Varghese, Peter Winocour
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This review covers the pillars of care essential for the management of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) including (1) early diagnosis, (2) improved glycaemic control, (3) treatment of hypertension, (4) identification and treatment of associated metabolic bone disease and (5) identification and effective management of dyslipidaemia and additional cardiovascular risk factors. Sources of data: We searched PubMed for articles using search terms: diabetic nephropathy, diabetic kidney disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease...
December 5, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216237/the-nutraceutical-benefits-of-subfractions-of-abelmoschus-esculentus-in-treating-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Chien-Ning Huang, Chau-Jong Wang, Chih-Li Lin, Hui-Ting Lin, Chiung-Huei Peng
Abelmoschus esculentus (AE), a commonly consumed vegetable, is well-known for its anti-hyperglycemic effects. However, few scientific reports have identified its targets because mucilage increases the difficulty of manipulation. We recently reported extraction steps to obtain subfractions of AE, which were found to attenuate the adverse effects of high glucose and fatty acid in vitro. In this study, we used modified extraction steps and type 2 diabetic rats to explore whether AE subfractions can improve the metabolic disturbances caused by insulin resistance in vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189508/steroid-induced-hypertension-during-induction-chemotherapy-for-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-us-children-s-hospitals
#4
Ian Bakk, Terah Koch, Joseph Stanek, Sarah H O'Brien, Suzanne Reed
Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia achieves excellent cure rates in part due to induction chemotherapy including high dose corticosteroids. Hypertension (HTN) is a known complication of corticosteroids, but incidence and risk factors for steroid-induced HTN are poorly understood. We sought to describe these using a large pediatric health database. Of the 5578 unique patients receiving induction chemotherapy, 14.7% received anti-HTN medications during their initial hospital admission. We found that age below 1 year, obesity, secondary diabetes mellitus, and abnormal glucose were associated with developing steroid-induced HTN...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181668/melatonin-aluminum-oxide-polymethylsiloxane-complex-on-apoptosis-of-liver-cells-in-a-model-of-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
S V Michurina, I Yu Ischenko, S A Arkhipov, V V Klimontov, M A Cherepanova, M A Korolev, L N Rachkovskaya, E L Zav'yalov, V I Konenkov
We studied the effects of a melatonin-aluminum oxide-polymethylsiloxane complex (complex M) on the expression of apoptosis regulators Bcl-2 and Bad in the liver of homozygous db/db BKS.Cg-Dock7m+/+Leprdb/J mice with obesity and type 2 diabetes. Complex M or placebo was administered daily through the gastric tube during weeks 8-16 of life. In mice with type 2 diabetes mellitus receiving placebo, enhanced immunohistochemical reactions for proapoptotic Bad protein and weak response for anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein were observed...
November 27, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142551/association-of-single-nucleotide-missence-polymorphism-val109asp-of-omentin-1-gene-and-coronary-artery-disease-in-pakistani-population-multicenter-study
#6
Shazia Nazar, Sitwat Zehra, Abid Azhar
Background & Objective: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a most important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide as well as in Pakistan. Recent studies have shown that the combination of obesity, insulin resistance and fluctuation in circulating adipocytokines levels is associated with the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease. Omentin-1 is recently found adipocytokine that is highly expressed in visceral adipose tissue. It has anti- inflammatory properties and is negatively correlated with ischemic heart disease...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119583/hyperlipidemia-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-clinical-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#7
Hung-Jen Shih, Chun-Jen Huang, Jui-An Lin, Ming-Chang Kao, Yen-Chun Fan, Pei-Shan Tsai
BACKGROUND: A high fat diet is associated with risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). However, whether hyperlipidemia is associated with BPH remains unclear. This population-based cohort study elucidated whether hyperlipidemia is associated with an increased risk of BPH. METHODS: We used a new-exposure design and analyzed data retrieved from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2013. The cohort of men with newly diagnosed hyperlipidemia and the age- and index-date-matched (1:3) nonhyperlipidemia cohort were tracked for incidence of BPH during a 1- to 14-year follow-up...
November 9, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102937/beneficial-effect-of-bis-hinokitiolato-zn-complex-on-high-fat-diet-induced-lipid-accumulation-in-mouse-liver-and-kidney
#8
Yuki Naito, Yutaka Yoshikawa, Katsuhiko Yoshizawa, Akiko Takenouchi, Hiroyuki Yasui
BACKGROUND/AIM: Metabolic syndrome-induced lifestyle-related diseases include diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension, and Zn-based compounds have effects on DM. We aimed to investigate the ameliorating effects of bis(hinokitiolato)Zn, [Zn(hkt)2] on lipid metabolism in the liver and kidney, histopathologically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a high-fat diet (HFD)-fed C57BL/6J mouse model and administered a diet containing 10-20 mg Zn/kg body weight (BW) or 20 mg pioglitazone/kg BW as the positive control...
November 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091323/lower-levels-of-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate-are-associated-with-more-advanced-liver-fibrosis-in-chronic-hepatitis-c
#9
João Marcello de Araujo Neto, Henrique Sérgio Moraes Coelho, Maria Chiara Chindamo, Guilherme Ferreira da Motta Rezende, Vera Lúcia Nunes Pannain, Adriana Marques Caroli de Freitas Bottino, Luiz Fernando Bruzzi Porto, Ronir Raggio Luiz, Cristiane Alves Villela-Nogueira, Renata M Perez
Chronic infection with the hepatitis C virus induces liver fibrosis, but it is unknown why some patients progress to advanced fibrosis while others remain with mild disease. Recently, an inverse association between serum levels of dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEA-S) and liver fibrosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease was described and it was postulated that dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) has anti-fibrotic effects. Our aim was to compare serum DHEA-S levels with liver fibrosis in hepatitis C patients...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053995/effects-of-a-whey-protein-supplementation-on-oxidative-stress-body-composition-and-glucose-metabolism-among-overweight-people-affected-by-diabetes-mellitus-or-impaired-fasting-glucose-a-pilot-study
#10
Chiara Flaim, Michael Kob, Angela M Di Pierro, Markus Herrmann, Lucio Lucchin
Obesity and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) are characterized by chronic inflammation and oxidative stress [Donath et al. 2013] and this leads to cardiovascular diseases [Hulsmans & Holvoet 2010]. Whey proteins (WP) have antioxidant [Chitapanarux et al. 2009], anti-inflammatory [Sugawara et al. 2012] and hypoglycemic activities [Mignone et al. 2015], while data on weight, body composition [Frestedt et al. 2008; Aldrich et al. 2011] and blood pressure are conflicting [Kawase et al. 2000; Lee et al. 2007]. WP have unpleasant taste and smell [Patel 2015], but a new WP isolate (ProLYOtin®) seems to be more palatable...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045658/exendin-4-a-glucagonlike-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-attenuates-breast-cancer-growth-by-inhibiting-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation
#11
Chikayo Iwaya, Takashi Nomiyama, Shiho Komatsu, Takako Kawanami, Yoko Tsutsumi, Yuriko Hamaguchi, Tsuyoshi Horikawa, Yasuteru Yoshinaga, Shinichi Yamashita, Tomoko Tanaka, Yuichi Terawaki, Makito Tanabe, Kazuki Nabeshima, Akinori Iwasaki, Toshihiko Yanase
Incretin therapies have received much attention because of their tissue-protective effects, which extend beyond those associated with glycemic control. Cancer is a primary cause of death in patients who have diabetes mellitus. We previously reported antiprostate cancer effects of the glucagonlike peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor (GLP-1R) agonist exendin-4 (Ex-4). Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in female patients who have type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity. Thus, we examined whether GLP-1 action could attenuate breast cancer...
December 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027993/current-pharmacotherapy-for-obesity
#12
REVIEW
Gitanjali Srivastava, Caroline M Apovian
More than one-third of adults in the USA have obesity, which causes, exacerbates or adversely impacts numerous medical comorbidities, including diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Despite intensive lifestyle modifications, the disease severity warrants further aggressive intervention, including pharmacotherapy, medical devices and bariatric surgery. Noninvasive anti-obesity drugs have thus now resurfaced as targeted adjunctive therapeutic approaches to intensive lifestyle intervention, bridging the gap between lifestyle and bariatric surgery...
October 13, 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025435/withania-somnifera-as-a-potential-candidate-to-ameliorate-high%C3%A2-fat-diet-induced-anxiety-and-neuroinflammation
#13
Taranjeet Kaur, Gurcharan Kaur
BACKGROUND: The epidemic of obesity has reached alarming levels in both developing and developed nations. Excessive calorie intake and sedentary lifestyle due to technological advancements are the main causal factors for overweight and obesity among the human population. Obesity has been associated with a number of co-morbidities such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, and neurodegeneration and dementia. The progression of neurological disorders in obese subjects has been mainly attributed to neuroinflammation...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980279/secondary-prevention-of-coronary-heart-disease-in-elderly-population-of-turkey-a-subgroup-analysis-of-elderturk-study
#14
Salih Kilic, Mutlu Çagan Sümerkan, Volkan Emren, Lütfü Bekar, Sinan Çersit, Elif Tunç, Gülay Gök, Emine Altuntas, Uğur Canpolat, Umit Yasar Sinan, Namık Özmen, Mehdi Zoghi
BACKGROUND: Secondary prevention plays an important role after acute coronary event due to high risk of adverse events in elderly. In present study we aimed to evaluate the lifestyle, management of risk factors and medical treatment for secondary protection in elderly patients with known coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: ELDERTURK is a non-interventional, multi-centered, observational study, which included total of 5694 elderly patients (> 65 years) from 50 centers in Turkey...
October 5, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975595/risk-factors-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-are-common-in-patients-with-non-b-non-c-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-india
#15
Deepu David, Anantharam Raghavendran, Ashish Goel, C Bharath Kumar, Thomas Alex Kodiatte, Deepak Burad, Priya Abraham, Banumathi Ramakrishna, Philip Joseph, Jeyamani Ramachandran, C E Eapen
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to analyze the prevalence of risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with non-B non-C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Between June 2012 and November 2014, patients with HCC, negative for hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis C virus antibody, were included in this study. All patients were assessed for risk factors for NAFLD such as diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, and obesity...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975090/chronic-dietary-oxalate-nephropathy-after-intensive-dietary-weight-loss-regimen
#16
Gebran Khneizer, Ahmad Al-Taee, Meher S Mallick, Bahar Bastani
BACKGROUND: Hyperoxaluria has been associated with nephrolithiasis as well as acute and chronic kidney disease. We present a case of end stage renal failure caused by excessive dietary oxalate intake in a dietary weight loss regimen. CASE PRESENTATION: A 51-year-old Caucasian male with the past medical history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, gout, hypertension and morbid obesity was referred to the primary care clinic after being found pale and easily fatigued. The patient had lost 36 kg over a 7-month period by implementing exercise and intense dietary measures that included 6 meals of spinach, kale, berries, and nuts...
July 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974763/maternal-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-increases-placental-and-foetal-lipoprotein-associated-phospholipase-a2-which-might-exert-protective-functions-against-oxidative-stress
#17
Carolin Schliefsteiner, Birgit Hirschmugl, Susanne Kopp, Sanja Curcic, Eva Maria Bernhart, Gunther Marsche, Uwe Lang, Gernot Desoye, Christian Wadsack
Increased Lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 (LpPLA2) has been associated with inflammatory pathologies, including Type 2 Diabetes. Studies on LpPLA2 and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) are rare, and have focused mostly on maternal outcome. In the present study, we investigated whether LpPLA2 activity on foetal lipoproteins is altered by maternal GDM and/or obesity (a major risk factor for GDM), thereby contributing to changes in lipoprotein functionality. We identified HDL as the major carrier of LpPLA2 activity in the foetus, which is in contrast to adults...
October 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950827/beneficial-effects-of-corn-silk-on-metabolic-syndrome
#18
Bing Wang, Tiegang Xiao, Jun Ruan, Wensheng Liu
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a very common medical problem worldwide. It includes obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia, and abnormal levels of triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. It is closely associated with insulin resistance and may lead to diabetes mellitus, liver diseases, or cardiovascular diseases. Corn silk (CS), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been reported to have multiple beneficial effects, including hypotensive, anti-diabetic, and hypolipidemic properties. This suggests that corn silk could be used to treat or prevent metabolic syndrome...
September 26, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946211/sulforaphane-prevents-dexamethasone-induced-muscle-atrophy-via-regulation-of-the-akt-foxo1-axis-in-c2c12-myotubes
#19
Young Hoon Son, Eun Jeong Jang, Young Woo Kim, Ju-Hee Lee
Muscle atrophy occurs in various catabolic conditions, including hormone imbalance, severe injury, sepsis, cancer, and aging. Dexamethasone (DEX) is a synthetic glucocorticoid and is used an anti-inflammatory agent. However, when chronically used, it is accompanied by side effects, such as, muscle atrophy, diabetes mellitus, and obesity. In this study, we investigated the effect of sulforaphane (SFN) on DEX-induced muscle atrophy and the underlying mechanisms involved. DEX induced muscle atrophy was accompanied by increased muscle specific ubiquitin E3 ligase markers, such as, Atrogin-1 and myostatin, and decreased MyoD in C2C12 myotubes...
November 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944709/the-cardiometabolic-effect-of-current-management-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-strategies-of-prevention-and-treatment
#20
Dinka Pavicic Baldani, Lana Skrgatic, Roya Ougouag, Miro Kasum
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the commonest endocrine disorder amongst women of reproductive age, which is characterized by reproductive and cardiometabolic disturbances with long-term health repercussions. Insulin resistance (IR), impaired glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), obesity and dyslipidemia occur more in women with PCOS than in age-comparable women without PCOS. Long term data regarding risks or benefits of medical intervention for metabolic dysfunction of PCOS are lacking. Therapies, such as oral contraceptives (OCPs) and anti-androgenic medications used to manage the reproductive manifestations of PCOS, may themselves be the cause of cardiometabolic perturbations...
September 23, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
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