keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

anti-obesity AND diabetes mellitus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027993/current-pharmacotherapy-for-obesity
#1
REVIEW
Gitanjali Srivastava, Caroline M Apovian
More than one-third of adults in the USA have obesity, which causes, exacerbates or adversely impacts numerous medical comorbidities, including diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Despite intensive lifestyle modifications, the disease severity warrants further aggressive intervention, including pharmacotherapy, medical devices and bariatric surgery. Noninvasive anti-obesity drugs have thus now resurfaced as targeted adjunctive therapeutic approaches to intensive lifestyle intervention, bridging the gap between lifestyle and bariatric surgery...
October 13, 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025435/withania-somnifera-as-a-potential-candidate-to-ameliorate-high%C3%A2-fat-diet-induced-anxiety-and-neuroinflammation
#2
Taranjeet Kaur, Gurcharan Kaur
BACKGROUND: The epidemic of obesity has reached alarming levels in both developing and developed nations. Excessive calorie intake and sedentary lifestyle due to technological advancements are the main causal factors for overweight and obesity among the human population. Obesity has been associated with a number of co-morbidities such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, and neurodegeneration and dementia. The progression of neurological disorders in obese subjects has been mainly attributed to neuroinflammation...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980279/secondary-prevention-of-coronary-heart-disease-in-elderly-population-of-turkey-a-subgroup-analysis-of-elderturk-study
#3
Salih Kilic, Mutlu Çagan Sümerkan, Volkan Emren, Lütfü Bekar, Sinan Çersit, Elif Tunç, Gülay Gök, Emine Altuntas, Uğur Canpolat, Umit Yasar Sinan, Namık Özmen, Mehdi Zoghi
BACKGROUND: Secondary prevention plays an important role after acute coronary event due to high risk of adverse events in elderly. In present study we aimed to evaluate the lifestyle, management of risk factors and medical treatment for secondary protection in elderly patients with known coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: ELDERTURK is a non-interventional, multi-centered, observational study, which included total of 5694 elderly patients (> 65 years) from 50 centers in Turkey...
October 5, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975595/risk-factors-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-are-common-in-patients-with-non-b-non-c-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-india
#4
Deepu David, Anantharam Raghavendran, Ashish Goel, C Bharath Kumar, Thomas Alex Kodiatte, Deepak Burad, Priya Abraham, Banumathi Ramakrishna, Philip Joseph, Jeyamani Ramachandran, C E Eapen
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to analyze the prevalence of risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with non-B non-C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Between June 2012 and November 2014, patients with HCC, negative for hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis C virus antibody, were included in this study. All patients were assessed for risk factors for NAFLD such as diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, and obesity...
October 4, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975090/chronic-dietary-oxalate-nephropathy-after-intensive-dietary-weight-loss-regimen
#5
Gebran Khneizer, Ahmad Al-Taee, Meher S Mallick, Bahar Bastani
BACKGROUND: Hyperoxaluria has been associated with nephrolithiasis as well as acute and chronic kidney disease. We present a case of end stage renal failure caused by excessive dietary oxalate intake in a dietary weight loss regimen. CASE PRESENTATION: A 51-year-old Caucasian male with the past medical history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, gout, hypertension and morbid obesity was referred to the primary care clinic after being found pale and easily fatigued. The patient had lost 36 kg over a 7-month period by implementing exercise and intense dietary measures that included 6 meals of spinach, kale, berries, and nuts...
July 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974763/maternal-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-increases-placental-and-foetal-lipoprotein-associated-phospholipase-a2-which-might-exert-protective-functions-against-oxidative-stress
#6
Carolin Schliefsteiner, Birgit Hirschmugl, Susanne Kopp, Sanja Curcic, Eva Maria Bernhart, Gunther Marsche, Uwe Lang, Gernot Desoye, Christian Wadsack
Increased Lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 (LpPLA2) has been associated with inflammatory pathologies, including Type 2 Diabetes. Studies on LpPLA2 and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) are rare, and have focused mostly on maternal outcome. In the present study, we investigated whether LpPLA2 activity on foetal lipoproteins is altered by maternal GDM and/or obesity (a major risk factor for GDM), thereby contributing to changes in lipoprotein functionality. We identified HDL as the major carrier of LpPLA2 activity in the foetus, which is in contrast to adults...
October 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950827/beneficial-effects-of-corn-silk-on-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Bing Wang, Tiegang Xiao, Jun Ruan, Wensheng Liu
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a very common medical problem worldwide. It includes obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia, and abnormal levels of triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. It is closely associated with insulin resistance and may lead to diabetes mellitus, liver diseases, or cardiovascular diseases. Corn silk (CS), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been reported to have multiple beneficial effects, including hypotensive, anti-diabetic, and hypolipidemic properties. This suggests that corn silk could be used to treat or prevent metabolic syndrome...
September 26, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946211/sulforaphane-prevents-dexamethasone-induced-muscle-atrophy-via-regulation-of-the-akt-foxo1-axis-in-c2c12-myotubes
#8
Young Hoon Son, Eun Jeong Jang, Young Woo Kim, Ju-Hee Lee
Muscle atrophy occurs in various catabolic conditions, including hormone imbalance, severe injury, sepsis, cancer, and aging. Dexamethasone (DEX) is a synthetic glucocorticoid and is used an anti-inflammatory agent. However, when chronically used, it is accompanied by side effects, such as, muscle atrophy, diabetes mellitus, and obesity. In this study, we investigated the effect of sulforaphane (SFN) on DEX-induced muscle atrophy and the underlying mechanisms involved. DEX induced muscle atrophy was accompanied by increased muscle specific ubiquitin E3 ligase markers, such as, Atrogin-1 and myostatin, and decreased MyoD in C2C12 myotubes...
September 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944709/the-cardiometabolic-effect-of-current-management-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-strategies-of-prevention-and-treatment
#9
Dinka Pavicic Baldani, Lana Skrgatic, Roya Ougouag, Miro Kasum
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the commonest endocrine disorder amongst women of reproductive age, which is characterized by reproductive and cardiometabolic disturbances with long-term health repercussions. Insulin resistance (IR), impaired glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), obesity and dyslipidemia occur more in women with PCOS than in age-comparable women without PCOS. Long term data regarding risks or benefits of medical intervention for metabolic dysfunction of PCOS are lacking. Therapies, such as oral contraceptives (OCPs) and anti-androgenic medications used to manage the reproductive manifestations of PCOS, may themselves be the cause of cardiometabolic perturbations...
September 23, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940555/serum-il-15-and-il-15r%C3%AE-levels-are-decreased-in-lean-and-obese-physically-active-humans
#10
Alberto Pérez-López, David Valadés, Clotilde Vázquez Martínez, Ana Isabel de Cos Blanco, Julia Bujan, Natalio García-Honduvilla
Circulating IL-15 presence is required to stimulate anti-adipogenic effects of the IL-15/IL-15Rα axis in adipose tissue. Although exercise increases blood IL-15 expression post-exercise, it remains inconclusive whether physical activity can alter the baseline concentrations of this cytokine. The aim of this study was to determine whether physical activity regulates circulating IL-15 and IL-15Rα in lean and obese individuals. Two hundred and seventy-six participants were divided into 5 groups according to physical activity (PA), body mass and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) diagnosis: a) lean PA (N=25); b) lean non-PA (N=28); c) obese PA (N=64), d) obese non-PA (N=79); e) obese non-PA with T2DM (N=80)...
September 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923829/estrogen-deprivation-aggravates-cardiac-hypertrophy-in-non-obese-type-2-diabetic-goto-kakizaki-gk-rats
#11
Nattayaporn Apaijai, Narattaphol Charoenphandhu, Jitjiroj Ittichaichareon, Panan Suntornsaratoon, Nateetip Krishnamra, Ratchaneevan Aeimlapa, Siriporn C Chattipakorn, Nipon Chattipakorn
Both type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and estrogen deprivation have been shown to be associated with the development of cardiovascular disease and adverse cardiac remodeling.  However, the role of estrogen deprivation on adverse cardiac remodeling in non-obese T2DM rats has not been clearly elucidated.  We hypothesized that estrogen-deprivation aggravates adverse cardiac remodeling in Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats.  Wild-type (WT) and GK rats at the age of 9 months old were divided into 2 subgroups to have either a sham operation (WTS, GKS) or a bilateral ovariectomy (WTO, GKO) (n=6/subgroup)...
September 18, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912810/latent-inflammation-and-insulin-resistance-in-adipose-tissue
#12
REVIEW
I S Stafeev, A V Vorotnikov, E I Ratner, M Y Menshikov, Ye V Parfyonova
Obesity is a growing problem in modern society and medicine. It closely associates with metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hepatic and cardiovascular diseases such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, atherosclerosis, myocarditis, and hypertension. Obesity is often associated with latent inflammation; however, the link between inflammation, obesity, T2DM, and cardiovascular diseases is still poorly understood. Insulin resistance is the earliest feature of metabolic disorders. It mostly develops as a result of dysregulated insulin signaling in insulin-sensitive cells, as compared to inactivating mutations in insulin receptor or signaling proteins that occur relatively rare...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906407/gelatinases-and-physical-exercise-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-from-human-studies
#13
REVIEW
Rosalia Lo Presti, Eugenia Hopps, Gregorio Caimi
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), particularly gelatinase A (MMP-2) and gelatinase B (MMP-9), as well as their tissue inhibitors (TIMP-1 and TIMP-2), are involved in the development of skeletal muscle tissue, in the repair process after muscle injury and in the adaptive modifications induced by physical exercise in skeletal muscle. This paper aims at reviewing results from human studies that investigated the role of gelatinases and their inhibitors in skeletal muscle response to acute physical exercise or training...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893023/itolizumab-in-the-management-of-psoriasis-with-metabolic-syndrome
#14
Shrichand G Parasramani
Psoriasis is a chronic, relapsing, inflammatory disease that has been associated with Metabolic Syndrome (MS), a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors mainly hypertension, obesity, diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia. A 49-year-old male patient presented with extensive plaque psoriasis from past 13 years. Past medications included methotrexate, PUVA therapy, topical immunosuppressants and corticosteroids. His baseline Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score was 39.8. The patient was screened and diagnosed with MS as per Alberti's Criteria (his waist circumference was 100 cm, blood pressure was 160/100 mmHg and High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) was 30 mg/dl)...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887047/temporary-removal-peptides-from-frog-skin-with-potential-for-development-into-agents-for-type-2-diabetes-therapy
#15
J Michael Conlon, Milena Mechkarska, Yasser H Abdel-Wahab, Peter R Flatt
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated.
September 5, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858890/fat-soluble-micronutrients-and-metabolic-syndrome
#16
Aurélie Goncalves, Marie-Josèphe Amiot
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. MetS prevalence has been associated with diet inadequacy. Conversely, the cumulative incidence of MetS has been inversely associated with a Mediterranean-style diet that includes many different health-beneficial nutrients. Adherence to a Mediterranean-style diet could reduce or at least stabilize metabolic risk factors. RECENT FINDINGS: Low serum level of fat-soluble micronutrients, such as carotenoids, vitamin (vit) A, D and E, has been linked to MetS...
November 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851251/targeting-ageing-with-functional-food-pasta-with-opuntia-single-arm-pilot-study
#17
Anna Aiello, Danilo Di Bona, Giuseppina Candore, Ciriuaco Carru, Angelo Zinellu, Giuseppe Di Miceli, Aldo Nicosia, Caterina Maria Gambino, Paolo Ruisi, Calogero Caruso, Sonya Vasto, Giulia Accardi
Interventions to extend life span represent the new perspective in ageing investigation. Healthy dietary habits are important modifiable factors that can favour a healthy ageing phenotype. Many studies have demonstrated benefits for metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus resulting from the traditional Mediterranean foods. Opuntia Ficus Indica (OFI), widespread in the Mediterranean basin, belongs to the Cactaceae family. It is known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Moreover, products containing extracts from OFI fruits or cladodes have been used to control obesity and other metabolic parameters, such as glycemia and lipid profile...
August 29, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842774/the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-insulin-treated-type-2-diabetes-patients
#18
Rodrigo Lemus, Dror Karni, Dennis Hong, Scott Gmora, Ruth Breau, Mehran Anvari
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery has been shown to lead to significant improvement in glucose homeostasis, resulting in greater rates of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remission. While there is substantial evidence of the benefits of bariatric/metabolic surgery in obese diabetic patients on oral therapy (O-T2D), more evidence is necessary in the case of insulin-treated type 2 diabetes (I-T2D) patients and the selection of surgical procedure. METHODS: Analysis of the Ontario Bariatric Registry data was performed, comparing outcomes of Roux-en-Y-gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on insulin-treated versus non-insulin-treated T2DM patients...
August 25, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820912/impact-of-novel-palmitoylated-prolactin-releasing-peptide-analogs-on-metabolic-changes-in-mice-with-diet-induced-obesity
#19
Veronika Pražienková, Martina Holubová, Helena Pelantová, Martina Bugáňová, Zdenko Pirník, Barbora Mikulášková, Andrea Popelová, Miroslava Blechová, Martin Haluzík, Blanka Železná, Marek Kuzma, Jaroslav Kuneš, Lenka Maletínská
Analogs of anorexigenic neuropeptides, such as prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP), have a potential as new anti-obesity drugs. In our previous study, palmitic acid attached to the N-terminus of PrRP enabled its central anorexigenic effects after peripheral administration. In this study, two linkers, γ-glutamic acid at Lys11 and a short, modified polyethylene glycol at the N-terminal Ser and/or Lys11, were applied for the palmitoylation of PrRP31 to improve its bioavailability. These analogs had a high affinity and activation ability to the PrRP receptor GPR10 and the neuropeptide FF2 receptor, as well as short-term anorexigenic effect similar to PrRP palmitoylated at the N-terminus...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770424/predictors-of-long-term-remission-and-relapse-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-following-gastric-bypass-in-severely-obese-patients
#20
Vanessa Lopes Preto de Oliveira, Gianluca P Martins, Cláudio C Mottin, Jacqueline Rizzolli, Rogério Friedman
BACKGROUND: Diabetes remission is not observed in all obese patients with type 2 diabetes submitted to bariatric surgery. Relapses occur in patients in whom remission is achieved. We investigated the factors associated with long-term (≥3 years) remission and relapse of type 2 diabetes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in these patients. METHODS: By a retrospective review, we analyzed data from 254 patients with type 2 diabetes who had undergone RYGB from May 2000 to November 2011 and had at least 3 years of follow-up...
August 2, 2017: Obesity Surgery
keyword
keyword
78651
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"