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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531835/postpartum-acute-colonic-pseudo-obstruction-ogilvie-s-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-case-reports-and-case-series
#1
REVIEW
Pradeep Jayaram, Manoj Mohan, Stephen Lindow, Justin Konje
INTRODUCTION: Ogilvie's Syndrome or Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction (ACPO) is a rare condition characterized by massive dilatation of the colon in the absence of mechanical obstruction. About 10% of all reported cases are related to Obstetric and Gynaecological procedures, Caesarean section being the commonest associated factor. Acute intestinal dilatation, if not treated, may lead to perforation and faecal peritonitis with consequent high morbidity and mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic literature searches were performed in PubMed, EMBASE, Google scholar and hand searches for relevant references were included without any language restriction...
May 2, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530481/hormone-replacement-therapy-in-pre-menopausal-women-undergoing-bilateral-salpingo-oophorectomy-for-benign-disease-a-review-of-practice
#2
Alison Richardson, Emily West, Mike Cust
Introduction The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guideline on the diagnosis and management of the menopause states that women who are likely to go through the menopause as a result of surgical treatment should be offered information about the menopause and the importance of starting hormonal replacement therapy before they have their treatment. Objectives To determine compliance with NICE guidelines at the Royal Derby Hospital. Study design We undertook a retrospective review of all pre-menopausal women undergoing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for benign pathology between 1 January 2016 and 30 June 2016...
January 1, 2017: Post Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529756/a-socioecological-framework-for-research-on-work-and-obesity-in-diverse-urban-transit-operators-based-on-gender-race-and-ethnicity
#3
REVIEW
BongKyoo Choi, Peter Schnall, Marnie Dobson, Haiou Yang, Dean Baker, YoungJu Seo
Urban transit (bus and rail) operators, totaling nearly 700,000 persons, are one of the heaviest occupational groups in the United States (US). Little is known about occupational risk factors for weight gain and obesity and their interrelationship with health-related behaviors, particularly among female minority (African Americans and Hispanics) transit operators who are at greater risk for obesity. As a step towards developing successful obesity interventions among urban transit operators, this paper aims to present a new socioecological framework for studying working conditions, chronic strain, health-related behaviors, weight gain/obesity, and obesity disparity in diverse urban transit operators based on gender, race, and ethnicity...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529193/laparoscopy-has-a-therapeutic-role-in-the-management-of-abdominal-trauma-a-matched-pair-analysis
#4
Saurav Chakravartty, Ameet Patel, Diwakar R Sarma, Muhammad Noor, Spyros Panagiotopoulos, Ameet G Patel
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopy is increasingly utilised as a diagnostic tool in management of abdominal trauma; however its role in therapeutic intervention remains unexplored. The aim of this study is to compare laparoscopy with laparotomy in the treatment of abdominal trauma in haemodynamically stable patients. METHODS: A review of patients undergoing surgery for abdominal trauma between January 2004-2014 identified 25 patients who underwent laparoscopy for therapeutic intervention (TL)...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529110/the-double-cup-construct-a-novel-treatment-strategy-for-the-management-of-paprosky-iiia-and-iiib-acetabular-defects
#5
Jonathan E Webb, Robert J McGill, Brian T Palumbo, Wayne E Moschetti, Daniel M Estok
BACKGROUND: Treatment of massive acetabular bone loss in revision total hip arthroplasty is complex, and various treatment strategies have been described. We describe a novel technique of using a Trabecular Metal Revision Shell as a buttress augment creating a "double-cup" construct rather than the use of custom triflanges or cup-cage constructs for Paprosky types IIIA and IIIB acetabular defects. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 20 double-cup cases at a mean of 2...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527976/eagle-syndrome-a-comprehensive-review
#6
REVIEW
Arvind Badhey, Ameya Jategaonkar, Alexander Joseph Anglin Kovacs, Sameep Kadakia, Peter Paul De Deyn, Yadranko Ducic, Stimson Schantz, Edward Shin
The objective of this report is to summarize the symptoms, diagnostic workup, necessary imaging, and management of Eagle syndrome. A comprehensive literature review was conducted on peer-reviewed publications of Eagle syndrome across multiple disciplines in order to gain a thorough understanding of the presentation, diagnosis, and management of this disorder. Diagnoses of Eagle Syndrome have increased, in part due to the awareness of physicians to patient symptomatology. While cervical pain and dysphagia are among the typical symptoms, patients can present with a wide spectrum of benign and dangerous symptoms...
May 6, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527504/telehealth-in-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-a-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Adam S Tenforde, Jaye E Hefner, Jodi E Kodish-Wachs, Mary A Iaccarino, Sabrina Paganoni
Telehealth refers to health care interactions that leverage telecommunication devices to provide medical care outside the traditional face-to-face, in-person medical encounter. Technology advances and research have expanded use of telehealth in health care delivery. Physical medicine and rehabilitation providers may use telehealth to deliver care to populations with neurologic and musculoskeletal conditions, commonly treated in both acute care and outpatient settings. Patients with impaired mobility and those living in locations with reduced access to care may particularly benefit...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526996/improved-outcomes-with-arthroscopic-repair-of-partial-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears-a-systematic-review
#8
J Christoph Katthagen, Gabriella Bucci, Gilbert Moatshe, Dimitri S Tahal, Peter J Millett
PURPOSE: The optimum treatment strategy for the surgical management of partial-thickness rotator cuff tears (PTRCT) is evolving. In this study, two research questions were sought to be answered: "Does the repair technique for PTRCTs involving >50% of the tendon thickness have an effect on structural and functional outcomes of arthroscopic repair?" and "Is there a difference in outcomes of arthroscopically treated articular- and bursal-sided PTRCTs?". METHODS: A systematic review according to the PRISMA statement was conducted to identify all literature published reporting on outcomes of arthroscopic treatment of PTRCTs classified with the Ellman classification with minimum 2-year follow-up...
May 19, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526423/pseudoparalysis-a-systematic-review-of-term-definitions-treatment-approaches-and-outcomes-of-management-techniques
#9
REVIEW
John M Tokish, Thomas C Alexander, Michael J Kissenberth, Richard J Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Pseudoparalysis remains one of the most challenging conditions in shoulder surgery. Long thought of as an unsolvable problem, recent advances in surgical techniques offer potential return of overhead motion in the setting of massive irreparable rotator cuff tears. This article summarizes the available literature including existing definitions and the results of different treatment approaches regarding range of motion, outcome scores, and reversal. METHODS: In accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a systematic review of the MEDLINE database, Cochrane database, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Google Scholar database was performed for studies that defined a preoperative shoulder group as having pseudoparalysis...
June 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526162/pharmacologic-considerations-of-anesthetic-agents-in-pediatric-patients-a-comprehensive-review
#10
REVIEW
Alan D Kaye, Charles J Fox, Ira W Padnos, Ken P Ehrhardt, James H Diaz, Elyse M Cornett, Debbie Chandler, Sudipta Sen, Shilpadevi Patil
Acute pain in the pediatric population has important differences in terms of biology, intrapopulation variation, and epidemiology. Discussion as to the pharmacologic considerations of anesthetic agents, such as induction agents, neuromuscular blockers, opioids, local anesthetics, and adjuvant agents, is presented in this article. Special considerations and concerns, such as risk for propofol infusion syndrome and adverse potential side effects of anesthesia agents, are discussed. Anesthesiologists managing pediatric patients need to have a firm understanding of physiologic and pharmacologic differences compared with the adult population...
June 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526161/an-update-on-nonopioids-intravenous-or-oral-analgesics-for-perioperative-pain-management
#11
REVIEW
Alan D Kaye, Elyse M Cornett, Erik Helander, Bethany Menard, Eric Hsu, Brendon Hart, Andrew Brunk
Despite an appreciation for many unwanted physiologic effects from inadequate postoperative pain relief, moderate to severe postoperative pain remains commonplace. Although treatment options have evolved in recent years, the use of nonopioid analgesics agents can reduce acute pain-associated morbidity and mortality. This review focuses on the importance of effective postoperative nonopioid analgesic agents, such as acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, gabapentinoid agents, NMDA antagonists, alpha 2 agonists, and steroids, in opioid sparing and enhancing recovery...
June 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525529/is-intravenous-ketamine-effective-for-postoperative-pain-management-in-adults
#12
Camila Stuardo, Diego Lobos-Urbina, Fernando Altermatt
Ketamine is a N-Metil-D-Aspartate receptor antagonist that has been used as adjuvant in the acute postoperative pain management because of its analgesic properties. However, its role is not clearly determined. To answer this question, we searched in Epistemonikos database, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources. We identified 19 systematic reviews including 226 randomized trials overall. We extracted data and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. We concluded intravenous ketamine probably has little or no effect in reducing postoperative pain...
May 17, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525527/is-it-useful-to-add-acetaminophen-to-high-potency-opioids-in-cancer-related-pain
#13
Oscar Corsi, Pedro E Pérez-Cruz
Pain is one of the most frequent and relevant symptoms in cancer patients. The World Health Organization's analgesic ladder proposes the use of strong opioids associated with adjuvants such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in step III. However, it is unclear whether adding acetaminophen to an analgesic regimen based on strong opioids has any benefit in cancer patients with moderate to severe pain. To answer this question we searched in Epistemonikos database, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources...
May 4, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525497/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-suspected-ovarian-malignancy-a-survey-of-perioperative-practice-among-gynecologic-oncologists-in-australia-and-new-zealand-to-inform-a-clinical-trial
#14
Kristina Lindemann, Peey-Sei Kok, Martin Stockler, Peter Sykes, Alison Brand
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this survey was to review the current standard of perioperative care of patients with suspected advanced ovarian cancer in Australia and New Zealand in order to determine the level of equipoise for specific interventions. METHODS: In May 2016, a web-based questionnaire (SurveyMonkey Inc, Palo Alto, CA) was sent to all gynecologic oncologists in Australia and New Zealand (n = 56). Descriptive statistics were used. RESULTS: Response rate was 75%...
June 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524911/cancer-related-acute-pain-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-based-interventions-for-putting-evidence-into-practice
#15
Thiruppavai Sundaramurthi, Natalie Gallagher, Bethany Sterling
BACKGROUND: Identifying and implementing evidence-based interventions for cancer-related acute pain can decrease adverse effects and improve quality of life. 
. OBJECTIVES: This article presents current evidence supporting interventions to reduce cancer-related acute pain. 
. METHODS: PubMed and CINAHL® databases were searched to identify studies addressing interventions to manage acute pain in patients with cancer. The interventions are categorized according to the Putting Evidence Into Practice classification schema...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524910/cancer-related-pain-assessment-monitoring-the-effectiveness-of-interventions
#16
Eva Gallagher, Barbara B Rogers, Jeannine M Brant
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related pain is a major health problem because of its magnitude, the subjective nature of the pain experience, and the complexity of the disease, making it difficult to assess and control. When assessment is not performed, poor pain control can result.
. OBJECTIVES: This article provides an overview of the components of a comprehensive cancer pain assessment.
. METHODS: A review of the healthcare literature was performed...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524909/nonpharmacologic-pain-interventions-a-review-of-evidence-based-practices-for-reducing-chronic-cancer-pain%C3%A2
#17
Linda H Eaton, Jeannine M Brant, Karen McLeod, Chao Yeh
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common issue for patients with cancer and can be challenging to manage effectively. Healthcare professionals need to be knowledgeable about evidence-based nonpharmacologic interventions.
. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review critically appraises the strength and quality of the empirical evidence for nonpharmacologic interventions in reducing chronic cancer pain.
. METHODS: Intervention studies were critically appraised and summarized by an Oncology Nursing Society Putting Evidence Into Practice team of RNs, advanced practice nurses, and nurse scientists...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524908/cancer-related-pain-assessment-and-management-with-putting-evidence-into-practice-interventions%C3%A2
#18
Jeannine M Brant, Linda H Eaton, Margaret M Irwin
Many evidence-based pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic strategies exist to manage acute, chronic, refractory, and breakthrough cancer pain. This supplement includes an overview of cancer pain assessment, which is the foundation of pain management. Following the overview are four systematic reviews covering 462 studies on cancer pain management. The Oncology Nursing Society Putting Evidence Into Practice (PEP) expert panel summarized the evidence and provided recommendations for practice based on PEP guidelines...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524907/breakthrough-cancer-pain-a-systematic-review-of-pharmacologic-management%C3%A2
#19
Jeannine M Brant, Barbara B Rodgers, Eva Gallagher, Thiruppavai Sundaramurthi
BACKGROUND: Breakthrough cancer pain (BtCP), defined as a transient exacerbation of pain that occurs in conjunction with well-controlled background pain, is a common and burdensome problem in patients with cancer.
. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review is to identify evidence-based pharmacologic modalities for adequate management of BtCP. 
. METHODS: PubMed and CINAHL® databases were searched to identify literature regarding pharmacologic strategies for BtCP published from January 2006 to June 2016...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524906/chronic-and-refractory-pain-a-systematic-review-of-pharmacologic-management-in-oncology%C3%A2
#20
Jeannine M Brant, Lisa Keller, Karen McLeod, Chao Yeh, Linda H Eaton
BACKGROUND: Chronic and refractory cancer pain are significant issues and can increase patient suffering and compromise quality of life. A variety of evidence-based pharmacologic strategies can be used routinely to control cancer pain. 
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic review of the pharmacologic evidence in the management of chronic and refractory cancer pain. 
. METHODS: The Oncology Nursing Society's Putting Evidence Into Practice pain team conducted a search of 184 systematic reviews, meta-analyses, research studies, and guidelines and classified the evidence into weight-of-evidence categories...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
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